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Respecting the Character and Claims 
of Secret Societies, 88 pages and cover; 
price, postpaid, 25 cents. 

Special price to Missionaries, Evangel- 
ists, Educational Institutions, Libraries 
and Librarians, quoted upon application. 

This booklet is especially a notable" 
compilation because of the number of 
portraits of, and quotations from, promi- 
nent members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, expressing their sentiments 
on secretism. It contaias the portraits 
of John Wesley, the founder of Method- 
ism; Dr. J. M. Buckley, editor of The 
Christian Advocate; Bishop E. O. Ha- 
ven, Bishop J. N. Fitzgerald, Rev. Ste- 
phen Merritt, the well-known evangelist 
of New York City ; Rev. John Collins, 
Chancellor D. W. C. Huntington, orNe- 
braska Wesleyan University; Rev. Dan- 
iel Steele, minister and author ; Rev. C. 
t. Ward, missionary in India, Presiding 
Ider for Godavery District; and Rev. 
Gideon F. Daper, missionary in Japan. 

The booklet is not confined to the tes- 
timonies of Methodists, but contains also 
those of many eminent ministers, edu- 
cators and statesmen. 

The compiler calls" his booklet "Thrill- 
ing Views of a Mystical Life." 


221 West Madison Street CHICAGO, ILL. 


Ainuial Meeting 1 

Patriotism Fanned Into a Passion Easily. 1 

Churches Opposing Secretism, No. V. . . . . 2 
Portrait and Sketch^President I. N. H. 

Beahm 3 

Real Charity Illustrated 3 

Portrait and Sketch^Rev. B. E. Bergesen. 4 

The Minister's Wife 5 

Pyth'ian Sunday at Portland 7 

President's Letter 11 

The Boys' Lodge— C. M. A. (Concluded) . .< 14 
School Fraternities : 

Chicago Board of Education 16 

Graduated Punishment for Hazing 17 

Ohio Senate Bill Passed 17 

Killed by Hazers .... 17 

Hazing Killed This Man 17 

Haze the Middy 17 

Penalty for Hazing— Iowa Legislature . . 18 

Haze Baptist Students 18 

War on Brutal Hazers 18 

From Our Exchanges : 

A. O. U. W. Rates— From $10 to $97 

a Year 18 

Church Ban on Union 18 

A Man Lost 19 

Strike Drives Man to Suicide 19 

Employer, Employed, the Public ,. . 19 

Henry George on Strikes 19 

The Masonic Penalty • • • • 20 

News of Our Work : 

Anti-Secret Meetings 20 

An Arkansas Worker 21 

Secretary Stoddard's Letter 21 

From Our Mail 22-24 

A Twentieth Century Minister — A Story. . 26 





221 Weat Madiftou St., Chicagx) 

Entered at the Post Office. ChicaoQ* !&« «• 

'Jesas answered him -I spake openly to the world; and in secret have 1 said nothing." John 18:20. 


CHICAGO, MAY, 1906. 

numbp:r 1. 


Of the National Christian Association, 
May 9» 1906. 

The Annual Meeting of the National 
Christian Association will occur on Wed- 
nesday, May 9, 1906, at 10 o'clock a. m , 
in the Chicago Avenue (Moody) Church, 
corner of Chicago avenue and La Salle 
avenue, Chicago, III, for the election of 
officers and the transaction of other im- 
portant business. 

Charles A. Blanchard, President. 

L. N. Stratton, Rec. Sec'y. 

Seattle, Wash., making his final stop, be- 
fore returning, in Winnipeg, Canada. 
Rev. T. M. Slater, of the Reformed Pres- 
byterian Church of Seattle, is taking vig- 
orous measures to have as successful a 
series of meetings as possible, when Pres- 
ident Blanchard reaches his city. Let us 
not forget to pray often for the work on 
the Pacific coast. 

Although we shall be deprived of the 
inspiration of President Blanchard's pres- 
ence at our meeting this year, the com- 
mittee has been fortunate in securing the 
services of such men as will insure one 
of the strongest programs we have ever 

had. ^ . , ^ 

Among the speakers are. President 
Beahm, of Elizabethtown, Pa.; Rev. B. 
E Bergesen, recently of Boston; Rev. 
J * W. Brink, of Muskegon, Mich., and W. 
B. Stoddard, of Washington. The value 
of our meetings depends upon the pres- 
ence of the Holy Spirit, not so much up- 
on the speakers. As Christ is exalted and 
the things of Christ made plain, the 
blessing to those present and to those 
who hear or read becomes evident ; hence, 
let prayer be made without ceasing for 
the meeting of May 9th. 

President Blanchard's tour of the Pa- 
cific coast begins on the first Sabbath m 
May, which he will spend in Los Angeles. 
He was to address the ministers m San 
Francisco, which now, of course, cannot 
take place, though he probably will give 
addresses in Berkelev and Oakland, after 
which he will visit Portland, Ore., and 


Many will remember that self-sacrific- 
...g saint of God, Rev. H. H. Hinman, 
who labored for many years in the South, 
as well as the North, as agent of the Na- 
tional Christian Association. A card just 
received from his daughter says: "Father 
is much worse— quite past writing. He 
is in constant pain, cannot lie down and 
gets almost no sleep. At the same time, 
the vital centers seem untouched, and he 
may linger on indefinitely— though I 
trust not, in this awful pain. We should 
be glad of the prayers of the friends/' 

"Draw nigh unto me and I will draw 
nigh unto you," saith the Lord. This is 
the promise upon which we rest as we 
approach the Annual Meeting, ^lay 9th. 
Will vou join with us that God may be 
in that gathering in a marked degree? 


Our historv. says the Indianapolis Star, 
shows that the passion for allegiance to the^ 
country's laws may be easily fanned into a 
ci-anze. The anti-Masonic fury of 1831: the 
know-nothing craze of 1S54; the A. P. A. 
a-itation of a few years ago: the profound 
antipathy to Morinonism. have heen based 
upon the notion that large bodi^ of citizens 
had incurred obligations which they recog- 
nized as superior to their allegiance to the 
nation. If the American people get it into 


May. 1906. 

their heads that unionism means the union 
first and the hiw afterwards, it will be very 
hard sledding for organized labor. — Ameri- 
can Industries. 

The transient character of these man- 
ifestations is, after all, rather discour- 
aging. Allegiance that is a temporary 
craze is a poor reliance for a nation. 
Not popular crazes, but steady patriot- 
ism rooted in the permanent character 
of individual citizens, is the safe reliance 
before the transient fury begins, while it 
rages, and after the hasty ebullition has 
subsided. Excitement is a poor substi- 
tute for principle. Yet where it becomes 
an ally of principle, or even its mani- 
festation and result, passion ennobled 
is a sweeping force, at once purifying 
by its flood and dignifying by its depth 
and power the life and glory of a nation. 
Principle fired by passion makes history. 


No. V. 
Associate Presyterian. 

"We do likewise testify against all 
oaths in which the swearer engages to 
keep secret whait he does not know — 
something not being revealed to him till 
he engage by oath to conceal it. Such 
oatlis are ensnaring, as they miay contain 
what a man cannot, without sin, per- 
form ; and are sueh as our conscience 
cannot approve of as lawful and proper, 
since we do not know what we are en- 
gaging to do. They ought, therefore, to 
"be carefully avoided by such as would 
v;alk blameless in the commandments of 
the Lord." — Associate Testimony. 

*'The hostility of secret associations in 
practice and principle to the genius and 
spirit of Christianity must be evident to 
the mere novice in religion. The example 
of our Savior, Tn secret have I said noth- 
ing' — the doctrines taught — 'ye are the 
light of the world.' — ^'A city set upon a 
hill cannot be hid' — 'Neither do men light 
a candle and put it under a bushel, but 
on a candlestick, and it giveth light to 
all that are in the house' — fully establish 
the truth that the principle of secrecy as 
professed and practiced by secret socie- 
ties is hostile to the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. The injunction of the Apostle, 
''And have no fellowship with the unfruit- 
ful works of darkness, but rather reprove 

them ; for it is a shame to speak of those 
things which are done of them in secret,' 
contains a warning to all Christians to 
avoid them, and a positive declaration 
that their fruits are evil. Opposition to 
them is the clear and imperative duty of 
the church and of all its members."— 
Act of Synod in 1870. 

Since that date there have been several acts of 
the synod applying the foregoing principles to the 
Patrons of Husbandry, the G. A. R. and the A. 
P. A. The last declaration of the synod on se- 
cretism was published in the Cynosure for Janu- 
ary, 1906, page 267. 

During the past one hundred and fifty years the 
Associate Presbyterian Church has given many de- 
liverances on secret societies. The first being 1757, 
and all have been strongly condemnatory of secret- > 
ism. Exclusion of members of secret societies from 
the fellowship of the church is not only the pro- 
fessed, but the working creed of this church. 

(Signed) S. H. McNEEL, 

Publisher Associate Presbyterian Magazine, Chel- 

sey, Ont, Can. March 10th, 1906.) 

Holiness Church of Christ. 

"The attending or in any way support- 
ing secret societies or oath-bound lodges 
or fraternities is protiibited." 

— From the Manual adopted at Pilot Point, 
Tex., Nov. 7 to 12, 1905. Sec. 1, Rule 2. 

Moscow Mills, Mo., March 23, 1906. 
National Christian Association, Chicago, 
111. : 

Gentlemen — This is to express my 
sympathy with your paper, the ''Cyno- 
sure," of which you sent me a copy. 

Our church does not on principle ex- 
clude members of secret societies from 
membership in the church. We hold that 
that would be in contradiction with the 
Lord's attitude towards sinners, Who 
does and did not drive away any one from 
Him who seeks communion with Him ; 
and to exclude men from church mem- 
bership means in most cases to exclude 
families — waives and children — and to 
make Christian work in such excluded 
families impossible! In short, it means, 
debar the Christian worker from families 
by rule excluded ! But ministers of tlie 
Gospel are not admitted in our church 
(Evangelical Synod of North America), 
if they are members of a secret society, 
and are dismissed from our communion 
if they become members of such forbid- 
den societies. 

Rev. Louis J. Haas, Redakteur : Magazine 
fur Ev. Theologie U. Kirche. 

May, 1900. 


I. X. H. BEAHM. 

We are fortunate in having with tis 
this year, as one of our speakers at the 
annual meeting, the president of Ehza- 
bethtown College of Pennsylvania. Those 
who shall have the privilege of hearing 
him, no less than others of our readers, 
v/ill'be interested in the following sketch. 
I. N. H. Beahm, President of Eliza- 
bethtow^n College, was born May 14, 
1859, at Cross Keys, Va. He comes of 
German stock. His parents w^ere Elder 
Henry A. Beahm and Ann E. Showalter 
Eeahm. He was by birth an odd fellow 

i. e., he was number five in a family 

01 fourteen. But his fellowship is regu- 
lar. His father was a Union man on 
Southern soil, thus his son was free from 
sectionalism from childhood. 

His parents were pious and intellec- 
tual. They w^ere of ''the poor of this 
world, but rich in faith and heirs of the 
kingdom." He often saw his mother, 
durtng those perilous and devastated 
days of Virginia, nurse the hungry child, 
knit and read at one and the same time. 
Educational advantages were meager. 
Prof. Beahm on entering his 23d year, 
and having not been to school a day for 
seven years, was called to the ministry 
by the Brethren Church. This event was 
the turning point from farm life to the 
intellectual realm. Eor 25 years he has 
been student, teacher, preacher. At 21, 

he hired on the farm at $9 per month. 
He was graduated from Bridgewater 
College at 28, paying every dollar of his 
schooling from his own hard saved 

In^890, he married Mary Bucher, of 
Pennsylvania. Eive children grace the 
happy home. 

At the founding of Elizabethtown Col- 
lege, Elizabethtown, Pa., in 1900, Prof. 
Beahm was chosen to lead the work. Be- 
sides presiding over the work he teaches 
psychology, ethics and pedagogy. He 
has done considerable evangelistic work 
and has many calls for public speaking. 

He is plain, pointed, pungent and prac- 
tical in public address. • His^ is a 
remarkable combination of logic and 
enthusiasm. In grappling w^th many 
perplexing questions, he has developed 
force of character. In undergoing years 
of sickness, he has learned patience. He 
is genial and versatile, and styled both a 
"thinker -and a talker." 


Nine Men Leave Church Service Near 

Kenosha and Submit to Slcin=Grafting. 

Kenosha, Wis., Dec. 11.— (Special. ) — 
In order to save the life of Fred Augus- 
teen, the hero of a recent fire in the town 
of Pleasant Prairie, nine men, all mem- 
bers of the Pleasant Prairie M. E. 
Church, last night bared their arms to 
the surgeon's knife and twelve inches o£ 
skin taken from them was grafted on the 
leg of Augusteen. 

The matter was referred to Rev. R. 
H. Jones, pastor of the M. E. Church, 
and 'after the service at the church ^Ir. 
Tones and nine of his parishioners went 
to the Lowe home. Tlie minister was 
the first man to subject his arm to the 
knife, and more than a square inch of 
cuticle was removed and grafted on the 
leo- of the suffering man. Eight other 
men followed the lead of the minister 
and when the work was completed, long 
after midnight, the entire wound had 
been covered with fresh skin. 

It is stated this morning that Augus- 
teen has a good chance to recover. Xo>ic 
of the nine men had crcr^hcard of .-hi- 
ousteeii before the fire. 
—The Evening Wiscon.siu. Milwaukoe. ^^ls.. 

Doc. 11. 1005. 


May, 1906. 


A letter from Rev. James P. Stoddard, 
of Boston, expresses the regret which he 
and the friends in New England feel in 
the removal of Rev. B. E. Bergesen to 
Chicago. For several 3'ears he was a 
very helpful member of the Board of the 
New England Christian Association. 
What is their loss, however, is our gain, 
and we are very glad to welcome Pastor 
Bergesen to this city and to closer co- 
operation with the National Christian 
Association. He is to be one of the 
speakers during the National Anniver- 
sary, and we introduce him to our read- 
ers as one with whom we hope they will 
become much better acquainted. 

Bernhard Essendrop Bergesen was 
horn June 25th, 1869, in Stavanger, Nor- 
way, where his father was the rector of 
the old Cathedral. He was educated at 
the high school at Brevig, the college of 
Kristiansand and the "King's Court" 
College of Stavanger. After being con- 
firmed by his father, he emigrated to the 
United States in 1887. Next year he en- 
tered the Norwegian "Luther Seminar}^" 
and after three years' theological study 
there graduated in 1891. He accepted a 
■call to Providence, R. I., whence he re- 
turned to Norway. After half a year's 
stay there, he was called to Boston, 
Mass., where he remained fourteen years, 
until this year he accepted a call to the 

pastorate of St. John's church, corner 
Humboldt and Cortez streets, Chicago. 

From the moment — at the age of 19 — 
that religion became a matter of serious 
thought with him, he has opposed all 
lodges, and for that reason left the Good 
Templars and joined an open abstinence 
association, that his work should not be 
done behind closed doors but frankly and 

His only opposition in the very first 
and hardest years of his ministry came 
from lodge men and on account of lodge 
questions. Refusing to suppress the 
question in the church to win the masses ;, 
refusing to officiate at funerals with the 
Masons or other societies, or with 
churches having a different religion from 
the Biblical one, aroused hostility of a 
most base kind, opponents trying to 
blacken his character instead of frankly 
arguing the case. Nevertheless God 
prospered the work and he left his con- 
gregation with four times the member- 
ship with which he received it, and with 
a $10,000 church property built and paid 
for, showing that the opposition of the 
lodge cannot drive a man from his post 
nor hinder the work of God. His method 
of meeting the lodge-man is more that of 
persuasion than that of condemnation, 
knowing that many uninstructed but hon- 
est Christians need only light to see the 
wrong of the lodge. Those instructed 
but not yielding are refused membership 
in the church. 

The soul that cannot see anything 
beautiful in the babe of Bethlehem is as 
hard and cold as one who cannot see 
any loveliness in a little child. 

We sometimes wonder why dogs fight 
over a bone when there is nothing on 
it. But then we have also noticed this 
canine instinct in men. 

The hypocrite lifts his eyes heaven- 
ward the first day of- the week and 
clutches his money-bags with both hands 
the other six. 

It is better to glory in the work of to- 
day than over the labors of yesterday. 

]Mav, 1906. 





I was holding some revival meetings 
a while back in one of our western towns 
when my attention was called to a cer- 
tain minister's wife and her foolish meth- 
od of helping on the Lord's work. It 
was in one of those common towns, of 
which there are so many in our country, 
where business is very keen, education 
quite well cared for, but where they were 
largely out of piety. Indeed they had 
been blessed with no great increase of 
religion for many years. And the fact 
was everywhere noticeable. The churches 
crowned with their lean and hungry 
spires were open on the usual occasions, 
Ijut they were empty of the inhabitants 
of the place save on funeral exhibitions 
and, now and again, on the nights when 
the children gave entertainments and all 
the relatives turned out with family pride 
to see the new garments of their kindred 
and hear the selections which they gave 
to jealous and admiring listeners. But 
the churches were out of religion and it 
seems in this crooked and perverse world 
that when churches get out of religion, 
though they may have many other things, 
that they will soon be out of people. 
There is ever a little company of people, 
the faithful remnant, who sorrow as Zion 
mourns and who pray for a day of Divine 
visitation. If it were not for these in 
many places, the forces of evil would 
gain complete mastery and hold high car- 
nival over the captured forces of right- 

But I started to say something about 
the minister's wife, one of them in this 
special place where the time was on to 
revive the lifcjess churches and bring 
from the dead those who had departed 
.in trespasses and sins. Her husband was 

pastor of the IMethodist Church and he 
was a good man. He was not a strong 
man or a courageous man or a keen man 
— he was a good man ; kind to the women 
in their homes, to the children on the 
streets, to stray dogs and cats met on 
vacant lots or in some back alley. He 
let the men alone, preferring association 
with the less vicious members of his 
parish. People all said that he was good. 
Men who never went to hear him preach 
iri all the years of his ministry there, said 
that he was good. Members of other 
churches, and that is a test, all said that 
he was good. When a man is doing as 
little as he can in a community, all the 
people who might be hurt if he were to 
wake up, say that he is a good man. 
But this man was good. In his heart he 
longed for better days. And he con- 
cluded to go into the revival and work 
and pray for a new spiritual quickening, 
for new courage and new power. His 
jiving was very small in the church as it 
was, his annual reports were also small 
as were his collections for the presiding 
elder and the bishop and other church 
benevolences. I do not say that this was 
the reason for his desiring a revival. In 
other days, when he was younger and 
the zeal of the Lord burned in his bones,- 
the church which he served had been a 
force and the enemies of truth had scat- 
tered before his convictions. But he had 
grown proud and easy and fearful. He 
had joined the Masons as a short way 
to take captive men and drive wicked- 
ness from their hearts. Not only had he 
ridden the goat at the time of his initia- 
tion, but he discovered that ever more 
the lodge tried to ride him, making him 
a veritable advertising donkey as they 
captured the young men for themselves 
and used as argument: ^ "Tt cannot be 

wrong for good Pastor is in it." 

For this and other reasons he was shorn 


May, 1906. 

of strength. It is true of ns all that if 
we have tasted power and swung forth 
under the control of great ideals, that 
no sorrow is greater than the bondage of 
some patronizing association. 

But it is of his wife that I wish to 
chiefly speak — a large woman, fleshy like 
the women in Rubens' paintings. And 
her thought capacity was not like her 
other capacity. A big body is an im- 
plement of power if it is associated with 
a thoughtful and a pure, kind heart. But 
a big person looks all the more out of 
place in small things. She was proud, 
worldly, selfish. She longed to shine in 
the social circle and it bore heavily on 
her mind, her worldly mind, that the 
ability of her husband was not fittingly 
appreciated. As he had joined the Masons 
to help the church she concluded to start 
up the order of the "Eastern Star" to 
further help the church. Her husband 
had failed with his program, but that was 
no good reason why she would fail also. 
Then she could be a star in the little 
firmament of the local ''Star," for as the 
discoverer of the idea, as the minister's 
wife and with her general all-round abil- 
ity, she had the pledge from her asso- 
ciates that she would be the low-monkey- 
monk of the order. I use this term of 
designation of her official hopes as I 
imderstand that this order is the female 
appendix of the Masonic order and as 
they are supposed to have the high-mon- 
key-monk this one may properly be 
thought of as the subordinate one. 

When we started the revival she was 
in the midst of the efifort to properly start 
the ''Star." Her husband attended the 
meetings regularly. He prayed. In the 
testimony part he earnestly told of the 
low moral state. But his wife was sel- 
dom there. I would meet her on the street, 
that is, when she did not see me long- 
enough in advance to turn into another 

street — and as she looked in health, E 
could but wonder why she was not work- 
ing with us and praying for us and toil- 
ing in behalf of the neglectful people 
under their soul-cure. But she came only 
once in awhile and then to occupy a back 

It all came out in the course of the 
meetings. God has a way of uncovering 
things and often to our discomfort. The 
fact was that she, expecting a great local 
fame in connection with her "Eastern 
Star," was overworking in the struggles 
with her dressmaker at the opening of 
the meetings, and then, as most of her 
associates did not care for the church 
and as some of the ladies would be awa>'- 
later, it was deemed on the whole ad- 
visable to have the grand meeting of the 
same "Star" during the later part of the 
revival meetings, so that the minister's- 
wife was much engaged. Her little hus- 
band would sit on the front seat and pray 
while his big wife would work the dress- 
maker and hustle up the people for that 
"Star" night. 

I gradually learned to know many of 
the people of the place. One woman 
who had a number of children growing 
into their habits of life was very anxious 
for the meetings. Her husband was a 
real estate man, who kept his office open 
on Sunday, engaged in local politics, sel- 
dom went to church and was an ardent 
Mason. But her children were not do- 
ing well. Her oldest son was going to 
Sunday baseball. Her eldest daughter 
was out late with young men. Her other 
children were speaking harshly to her. 
She felt the need of a revival, for early 
in her life — it was almost a forgotten pic- 
ture — there had been family prayers in 
her father's home and love at the fire- 
side and sympathy to divide all the bur- 
dens and multiply all the joys. She felt 
that religion would change things. She 

Ma3% 1906. 


ielt that God's glory dwelt in the true 
-church. She felt that her help, if it ever 
came to her, would come by the way of 
her sanctuary. The lodges had been 
strong in the town for a long while, but 
they had not helped her husband and 
Avere not helping her children. She be- 
longed to the church, taught in its little 
dried Sabbath school, and was numbered 
with the very few who went to the prayer 
meeting. Now the minister's wife had 
settled on this woman to be her right 
hand ''man" to work up the ''Star," and 
was very eager that she give the needful 
time to rally the wives and daughters and 
relatives of the non-church-going Ma- 
sons. Well, judgment day came as it 
always does. The mother of the chil- 
dren started in with the revival, as her 
office would not warrant a new dress and 
as her husband was not o\er-fond of buy- 
ing dresses for her at any time. He 
could attend lodge gatherings far away, 
"but his wife took in boarders. 

She told me her story amid many tears 
and sighs. She agonized for her chil- 
dren and mourned over the lost virtues 
of her husband. Then she turned upon 
the church and from her speech light- 
nings flashed in upon its shams and hol- 
low mockery. And the big minister's 
wife was like a lightning rod, for the red 
flames leaped her way, and seldom does 
■one woman expose the pride and hypo- 
crisy of her own with more bitter scorn. 
Only when God's judgments are playing 
about some Sinai do you witness such 
smoke and see such burning wrath. 

It must still be true that pride goes 
"before destruction. It must still be true 
that in the common heart lies a convic- 
tion of righteousness. It must yet re- 
main that deeper than our little plots, or 
our carelessness, are abiding convictions 
of values ; and that no one can turn aside 
from the divine task to find in any low 

substitute a labor that will justify itself 
before the bruised and anxious heart. I 
am more and more convinced that no 
minister or minister's wife gains added 
power for God's work by laboring in 
lodges of any order. I belong to no secret 
society, preach no eulogistic sermons be- 
fore them and am increasingly con- 
vinced that this attitude is no hindrance, 
but in the long movement of the life is a 
great gain. When we join lodges they 
gain us for themselves, -we do not gain 
them for our work. It is often true that 
they bring us to shame and ridicule. 

When the minister is working with a 
glowing faith, having the grace of a 
meek spirit, keeping his full life apart 
from the harmful associations of the 
world, there will be going through him, 
by the Spirit of God, a cleansing and an 
uplifting power to the children of time. 
The need of the age is a pure, spiritual, 
courageous church. 


BY REV. J. S. m'gAW. 

It is a common charge against secret 
societies that they are guilty of sacrilege. 
But lodge enterprise has made itself evi- 
dent in a new form. That of selecting a 
certain Sabbath, calling it by the name of 
the order, and using it for advertising 
the lodge. Such was 'Tythian Sunday," 
recently celebrated in Portland, Maine. 

Five hundred and fifty members of the 
Knights of Pythias marched through the 
streets of that city, bedecked in their re- 
galia and preceded by a brass band, call- 
ing attention to the fact that the Knights 
were on parade. 

Finally they arrived at the City Hall, 
where seats had been reserved in the 
body of the house for the members of the 
order and for the Pythian Sisterhood. On 
the platform were seated a number of of- 
ficers, of the five local lodges, and other 
officers from a distance. With them sat 
a number of the local pastors to grace 
the great occasion, but not the cause of 
Christ, which demands loyalty to Christ 


May, 1906. 

and non-allegiance to any organization 
that rejects His example and ignores His 

The minister chosen to preach the ser- 
mon was introduced as one of the 
Knights. As he arose to speak he was 
"given a cordial reception and during the 
sermon was liberally applauded." 

Why should they not be cordial and 
liberally applaud him? He is a minister 
of Christ"^ Gospel, who is willing to 
champion their institution. It was a cheap 
way to pay for an endorsement. 

The text chosen was Neh. 3 : 20, "Ba- 
ruch earnestly repaired another portion." 
From which, by some unknown method, 
he derived the theme : "Lodge Brother- 

About half of the address was taken 
up with an introduction, which was in- 
tended to be a reply to an article which 
appeared in the January number of the 
Cynosure, entitled, "Ten Reasons Why 
I Would Not Join a Secret Oath Bound 
Society." The truth presented in the 
Cynosure had so taken hold of this min- 
ister that he felt that he must ease his 
conscience, as a preacher and a lodge 
member, by trying to publicly answer it ; 
and is it possible that he felt if he could 
only answer the arguments in the Cyno- 
sure, he would have something fit for the 

The speaker began his address by a 
plea for the sanctity of brotherhood. He 
says : "1 am but one of the babes of this 
honored knighthood, and I do not pro- 
pose to weary you by rehearsing the Kin- 
dergarten lessons of Pythian history that 
I have mastered." 

This, then, gives good cause for the 
exercise of charity towards him. The 
young man thinks that Knighthood is an 
honored institution, and if only a "baby" 
knight, he little knows what he has got- 
ten into. He has not yet recovered from 
the glamour of his initiation, and from 
the flattery which the new preacher ini- 
tiate always receives. 

Again he. says: "It is the Pythian ideal 
of brotherhood, profoundly religious, 
with itS: channels flowing out from life- 
giving streams within, to water the 
scorching fields of humanity ; it is broth- 
erhood, the divinest quality of the social 

fabric, whose streams and threads I wish 
to trace." 

He then announces his subject: "It is- 
the Pythian ideal of brotherhood." 

So far as we are able to learn from the 
ritual of the lodge the Pythian ideal of 
brotherhood is that taught by the exam- 
ple of two ancient pagan Greeks — Da- 
mon and Pythias. Damon was condemn- 
ed to die, and in order that he may re- 
ceive a respite to visit his family, Pythias 
ofifers himself as hostage. When Damon 
reappears at the appointed time he finds 
his friend about to be executed in his 
stead. A good example of friendship.. 
But the modern Pythian ideal is that, in- 
order to practice this kind of brother- 
hood, only men who are able to pass the 
rigid physical, financial, social and racial 
requirements are to be admitted, and 
these are to be bound under solemn oaths 
not to reveal the Pythian ideal how those 
lessons of brotherhood are taught. 

"I consent to speak upon this Pythian 
ideal of brotherhood because it is one 
with the Christian ideal," says this min- 

Jesus said to his disciples : "Follow 
me." "In secret have I said ^ nothing.'" 
"What I tell you in darkness, that speak 
ye in light : and what ye hear in the ear,, 
that preach ye upon the house-top," but 
a minister of Christ's Gospel needs some 
excuse for occupying a Sabbath after- 
noon and using such a valuable opportu- 
nity to reach souls, with an address on 
the Pythian ideal, so he seeks to encrust 
the Christian ideal of brotherhood with' 
the "Coarser sentiments of dull minds 
and hearts sick with selfishness." The 
following is his argument to show that 
the Christian and Pythian ideal of broth- 
erhood are one and the same. 

"A little while ago, a person with good 
intentions, but a poor sense of modesty 
sent me an anti-secret society magazine 
(Christian Cynosure). The leading arti- 
cle, introduced by the picture of the au- 
thor, a husky preacher with a thick neck, 
was entitled 'Why do I- not belong to a 
secret society.' His answer was, 'Be- 
cause I am a Christian.' " 

Two facts this minister must have set- 
tled in the minds of his audience at the 
beginning: First, his lack of Christian 

May, 1906. 


courtesy to a brother minister; second, 
that the author of the article was not a 
dyspeptic weakHng, who refused to join 
an order because he could not pass the 
''rigid physical examination" required^ for 
entrance. "After reading his views," he 
says, "I concluded that he was a mighty 
ignorant Christian, for, the night before 
having listened spellbound to the beauti- 
ful ritual, my own sense of Qiristian ob- 
ligation had been quickened, as it always 
is when I am drilled in lessons of human 
helpfulness based upon the fact of the di- 
vine Fatherhood of God, to give this 
brotherhood eternal worth." So he con- 
cluded that the author was "A mighty ig- 
norant 'Christian' " because he, the 
speaker, had had his sense of Christian 
obligation quickened, and had been drill- 
ed in lessons in human helpfulness in the 
lodge room the night before. Wonderful 
proof of the author's ignorance. Where 
was the speaker's Christian training that 
he needed the lodge room to quicken his 
sense of obligation and to drill him in 
lessons of human helpfulness. Had he 
never learned the fatherhood of God until 
the night before ? Was there no place he 
could learn it but in the lodge room ? 

We have wondered what part of the 
beautiful ritual and lodge room drill it 
was that quickened this Christian minis- 
ter's sense of obligation! Was it when 
being initiated into the rank of a page, 
blindfolded, he kneeled before the prelate 
with his left hand over his breast and his 
right hand placed upon the Bible, and as 
the hoodwink was removed he looked 
down into a coffin upon the grim face and 
form of a skeleton? Or was it when be- 
ing inducted into the mysteries of knight- 
hood, he jui-nped from the three steps on 
to the rubber nails he took for steel 
spikes ? There is a wonderful power in 
things like that to quicken the sense of a 
Christian's obligations! Any Christian 
that would refuse to learn lessons of 
brotherhood that way must be ''a mighty 
ignorant Christian." 

''Men revolt from religion because 
their ideas about it are soiled. Too much 
we think that it is a separation from the 
happy and normal life," said this Pythian 

That is exactly our contention. Men's 

ideas of true religion are soiled when 
Christian ministers are ready to cham- 
pion the idea of oathbound compacts of 
brotherhood and secrecy. Establish in 
their minds that that is right and a true 
expression of the religion of Christ and 
the devil's work of soiling true religion 
is done. 

''But Jesus Christ placed a diviner em- 
phasis upon the fact of brotherhood than 
the world ever knew, and before this em- 
phasis is ever transcended, something 
greater than Calvary must be conceived, 
for the cross is the farthest limit of 
brotherhood immortalized. 'Greater love 
hath no man than this that a man layeth 
down his life for his friends.' Christ was 
embodying as a man of full stature the 
same principles of brotherhood, concern- 
ing which we as children prattle." 

Well said. If Christ taught the high- 
est ideal of brotherhood, the ideal that 
embodies all ideals, why then like chil- 
dren prattle about the Pythian ideal? 
Christ taught it twenty centuries ago, 
and the church has proclaimed it ever 
since, what is the necessity then of any 
Christian joining a lodge to learn and 

practice it 

That is exactlv the reason 

we say that as Christians we need noth- 
ing the lodge offers us. Since Christ em- 
bodies all, why then as a Christian min- 
ister need he occupy a Sabbath afternoon 
talking to a thousand people and "prat- 
tling like a child" about the Pythian 
ideal? Why not preach Christ and stop 
this prattling ? 

Further, if Christ is the highest ideal 
and the Pythian ideal is one with it, then 
why not recognize Him as mediator and 
example in the lodge prayers ? The lodge 
is opened with this prayer: "Supreme 
ruler of the Universe (that will suit any 
religion), we humbly ask thy blessing 
upon the officers and members of this 
lodge. Aid us to avoid anger and dis- 
sensions ; help us to work together in 
the spirit of fraternity ; and inspire us to 
exemplify the friendship of Damon and 
Pythias. Hear and answer us, we be- 
seech thee. Amen.' In no prayer or 
part of the ritual of the Ic^dge does Christ 
receive any recognition. Yet the "Pyth- 
ian ideal is one with the -Christians," he 
would have us believe ! 



May, 1906. 

"This author (in the Cynosure) made 
much of secrecy, but as I read, I remem- 
ber that my Lord had a charmed circle 
of twelve to whom it was given to know 
certain truth with what seemed like pe- 
culiar partiality; and I remember that 
within this larger circle there was an 
inner circle of three, who were frequent- 
ly taken apart by the Master and not all 
that transpired in those holy hours has 
ever been revealed." 

So, he impeaches the discipline with 
open disobedience to Christ's explicit 
command, ''What I tell you in darkness 
that speak ye in the light ; what ye hear 
in the ear that preach ye upon the house- 

Then he says "Our critic might as well 
have indicated Jesus Christ so far as the 
mere charge of secrecy is concerned, but 
he never could convict, for secrecy is 
always good as long as the purpose is 
good." What he means is not clear. He 
seems to take it for granted that Christ 
had a kind of a secret society with his 
twelve disciples, and that Peter, James 
and John were initiated into a higher de- 
gree' than the others. Therefore if the 
Cynosure writer indicts modern secret 
societies on the charge of secrecy, he 
might as well indict Jesus -Christ for the 
same, but he never could convict Jesus 
Christ of anything criminal in that. 

What nonsense for any Christian min- 
ister to teach an audience. And this in 
the face of Christ's own testimony at His 
trial, 'T spake openly to the world; I 
ever taught in the synagogues and in the 
temple whither the Jews always resort- 
ed; and in secret have I said nothing:" 

"For secrecy is always good if the pur- 
pose is good." A good purpose does not 
need oath bound secrecy, but Christ clear- 
ly declares the kind of purposes that need 
to be kept secret, "Every one that doeth 
evil hateth the light, neither cometh to 
the light, lest his deeds should be reprov- 
ed, but he that doeth truth cometh to the 
light, that his deeds may be made mani- 
fest, that they are wrought of God." 

"And when we remembered that these 
same disciples," says this Pythian minis- 
ter, "who had committed the unpardon- 
able crime of belonging to the Chi-istian 
brotherhood, whose work was partly se- 

cret, went forth to preach the gospel to 
every creature, and like their Master laid 
down their lives for their friends, the 
crime of secrecy becomes a glorious vir- 

So this "baby knight" convicts the 
apostles of belonging to an apostolic 
lodge founded by Jesus Christ which 
formed a Christian brotherhood, whose 
work was partly secret! It is remark- 
able how far a "baby knight" will go in 
forsaking the plain facts of Scripture to 
progagate error and vindicate his own 
inconsistent position as a minister of the 
Gospel and a lodgeman. We wonder 
what became of this apostolic order and 
where the ritual, oaths and secret works 
were lost, for Paul and the Apostles have 
told us nothing about it. We wonder if 
the brother has the new members brought 
into his church initiated in order to form, 
a Christian brotherhood in the congrega- 
tion. If there was such a lodge founded 
by Christ twenty centuries ago why does 
the brother insist on one founded by J. 
H. Rathbone twenty-nine years ago? If 
Christ and the apostles are the examples 
he proppses to follow in this lodge idea,, 
why then choose Damon and Pythias as 
the grand examples? 

If he has anything in the Pythian lodge- 
to meet the Christian ideal why belong- 
to the church? Why not be ordained in 
the lodge as a preacher to the world of 
the "Pythian ideal?" It is too bad that 
this "baby knight" has to divide his time 
and energies between the two. 

Another part of the sermon showed 
the danger in the lodge system "of an in- 
evitable slump from the brotherhood ideal 
to a coarser, in the steady grind of lodge 
life," and also the danger of "pharisa- 

Then he proceeded to declare that the 
Pythian ideal applied would arouse the 
civic conscience as to the ravages of rum 
and divorce; would demand of the ash- 
man and the street sprinkler that they 
charge less for their work, and finally 
that they would shrink the gas bills by 
calling "the bluff of the economic ideal 
concerning superior gas and increased 
cost of production." He then finished 
with a grand climax of sugar coated com- 

May, 1906. 



pliments to the Rathbone Sisters and sat 
down ''amid a storm of applause." Thus 
^nded the Pythian Sunday in Portland. 


Dear Brothers and Friends — I find 
it always a pleasure to write this letter 
to you. It is a satisfaction to think of 
the thousands of homes into which it 
will go, and the larger number of thou- 
sands who will read it, and receive from 
it, I trust, an impulse to loving service 
for the honor of Jesus Christ, our Lord, 
and the good of His people. 

Drink, Fraternities jand Football. 

I suppose that .many of you read in 
the Chicago daily press the dispatch 
which I copy below : 

"Wholesale suspensions of University of 
Wisconsin students may follow a drink- 
fest which was held in a hall over a State 
street saloon last week, and upon the scene 
of which two members of the faculty ap- 
peared unexpectedly. 

"'It is said that the Heilman Brewing 
Company, of Da Crosse, in celebration of the 
election of the saloon candidate as mayor 
of Madison, sent half a refrigerator car of 
beer and a score of boxes of cigars to Mad- 
ison as a treat to the fraternities, and as- 
signed Dick Remp, center of last year's foot- 
ball team, to do the honors. 

"While the fun was at its height, Dean 
E. A. Birge and Prof. Trowbridge, who had 
received wind of the affair, walked in. The 
faculty has started an investigation. The 
students say Remp was giving a banquet to 
his friends. One hundred young men are 
Involved in the celebration, most of them 
being fraternity men." 

I was in ]\Iadison last week, attending 
the meeting of the Philosophical Associa- 
tion. We were entertained by the Uni- 
versity at the Y. M. C. A. Building; 
meals were served to visiting professors 
in Chadbourne Hall ; and nothing which 
Christian gentlemen could do to make 
our stay pleasant was omitted. 

When leaving, I took dinner at the rail- 
Avay station, as my train required me to 
make an early start; and at the table I 
met an editor who lives in that beautiful 
lakeside city. He was speaking about 
this drunk, which was inaugurated by a 
tripartite agreement between the liquor 
interest, the secret societies of the Uni- 
versitv, and the football men. He said 

that it was just a fraternity football 
drunk, that was all. 

A gentleman sitting at the table asked, 
''Will the rest of the students^those who 
do not sympathize with such things as 
the mob which recently burned profes- 
sors in effigy because of their position re- 
garding football — stand for the position 
of this mob, or protest against it?" He 
said, "They do not dare protest against 
it. There are three or four hundred of 
the football men and they would throw 
the others into the lake." 

This whole transaction is very instruc- 
tive. It shows that, in the first place, 
the wholesale liquor interests of our 
country understand perfectly well where 
secret societies stand regarding their 
business. Every now and then we see 
notices in the paper that some secret so- 
ciety has decided to exclude saloon- 
keepers, or bartenders, and the hke ; and 
we are invited to infer that, whatever 
may be the religion of lodges, morally 
they are on the side of decency and good 
order. It is obvious that those who make 
this inference are mistaken. Lodges will 
turn out people when it is easier to drop 
them than to carry them. They will ex- 
clude classes of men who will, as they 
feel, do them harm. But there never has 
been, and, so far as we can judge, never 
will be, any conscience in secret socie- 
ties. The brewery sends a half carload 
of beer to the students of a State Univer- 
sity; and it does it knowing what it is 

In the second place, these fraternities 
co-operate with lawless and reckless ath- 
letes. This ''Dick" Remp was to be host 
and distribute the liquor to the fraterni- 
ty men because he was himself a popu- 
lar athlete. This shows how absolutely 
divorced from education the athleticism 
of our universities is becoming. It is 
part of the lawless, gambling, dissipat- 
ing movement which is ruining thou- 
sands of our choice young men each year. 
How long legislatures will continue ap- 
propriating money for educational pur- 
poses, without excluding these distract- 
ing elements, we cannot tell. We have 
believed and still believe that if the re- 
forms which are now being proposed in 
respect to the football movement are sim- 



May, 1906. 

ply pretenses, and do not accomplish any 
desirable end, the State legislatures must 
act. Already they prohibit prize fights, 
which do not kill as many persons in ten 
vears as football does in one ; and what 
is worse, the men who are killed in prize 
fights are as a rule dissipated and ruined 
men, while the boys and young men who 
are killed in football games are among 
those who could be a blessing to their 
homes and to the world. 

Co=operation of Lodge and Liquor In= 

While I am writing this letter, a local 
paper comes in from a little town in 
^Missouri. In it I find a small paragraph 
which I will copy for you. It does not 
difi-er from paragraphs which you will 
each of you find in your local papers. It 
would be interesting in one of my let- 
ters to print forty or fifty extracts from 
such articles. If you will send them to 
me, clipped from your own home papers, 
I will see that you have a share in the 
net result. 

I insert this paragraph because it is 
in line with the preceding one. It shows 
how lodges, liquor shops, breweries and 
the like work together. It also shows 
that the new lodges which are being 
formed are just like the old ones. A 
thief works under various aliases; a 
woman of the town does the same way ; 
and these lodges, which seduce to spir- 
itual adultery, work in the same fashion. 

This particular order is called the 
Eagles. Some one invented it a little 
while ago, and probably appropriated the 
principal office himself, and began to 
make a living by sending out men who 
had no other valuable occupation to rope 
in men in little towns all over the coun- 
try to form new organizations. 

But I will not keep you from the ar- 
ticle itself. It is short, but has long 
shadows ; and many a father and mother, 
and many a ruined young man, will rec- 
ognize things in it which inattentive peo- 
ple will not see. Here is the paragraph : 

"The local order of Eagles is growing 
like a green bay tree. Thursday evening six 
new Eaglets were added to the aerie. They 
were Chas. Bronson, Joe Slavens, Pete 
Rimby, Joe Vincent, Mr. Brown, the night 
operator at the Frisco, and G. P. Kemp. 
After the initiation, which was a hot one. 

the boys went downstairs and had a feast 
— and something to wash it down with. 
Along late the boys went home, vowing that 
they had had the best time ever." 

Character and Effect of Lodge Associa- 

I was recently preaching in one of 
the energetic little cities of our State.. 
I there met one of my "boys." He is 
now a strong, intelligent, generous Chris- 
tian business man. He joined one 
of the new lodges which the devil is 
planting on every side. I told him that 
I was surprised and sorry. He said, 
"Well, I do not go oftener than once or 
twice a year ; perhaps not that. Of 
course, I have no pleasure in sitting 
around with a lot of bummers." 

Of course not ; he was a Christian gen- 
tleman himself and the average member- 
ship of the lodge would be repugnant to 
him, because he was a Christian, and be- 
cause he was a gentleman. There was 
another reason — he has a happy home. 
He is a clean man in his moral life. He 
does not practice vices, nor does he en- 
joy hearing about them. But among the 
other members of his lodge are persons 
of a different type. If he attended the 
lodge meetings regularly, he would have 
to sit in the tobacco smoke and hear the 
vile talk which is common in such circles. 
So he does not go ; yet he lends his in- 
fluence to this organization. I do not 
believe that he will do so long. 

I have in these letters, before now, re- 
ferred to my dear friend, George Wood- 
ford, who was for fifteen years a drunk- 
ard, a lawyer, a Knight Templar Free- 
mason. He told me for substance the 
same thing that I have indicated above, 
that the association of the lodges in 
towns where he used to practice ruined 
young men by the score. When he was 
delivered from his drinking, he was de- 
livered also from lodge membership ; he 
left not only the saloons, but the Knights 
Templar. All Christians must shortly do 
the same. 

God Honors Testimony. 

Since I last wrote you, I have addi- 
tional proofs that God always blesses 
testimony. I was preaching a few weeks 
ago in the Jewish Mission on South Hal- 
sted street, Chicago. A gentleman whom 
I had never seen before, so far as I 

May, 1906. 



knew, came up and spoke to me after the 
sermon. He said, "I wish to beg your 
pardon." I answered, "Very well, it is 
granted. What is it about? I do not 
know that you have ever injured me in 
any way." He said, '1 have never seen 
you before, but I have cursed you many 
times." I asked, ''What for?" "Well, 
I was a Freemason, and though I had 
never seen you, I cursed you again and 
again because of your work against my 
lodge. But I have become a Christian, 
and received the Holy Spirit ; and I felt 
as though I must acknowledge this to 
vou, and secure your forgiveness." 

At a recent meeting on the North Side 
in Chicago, a most remarkable address 
was given by Mr. Julius Haavind. He 
has been mentioned in the columns of the 
Cvnosure before, but the principal thing 
that I desire at this time to mention is 
the fact that his testimony before that 
large body of men must have been used 
to accomplish the divine purpose in the 
liberation of the souls of men. 

We do not realize how willing and 
anxious God is to bless simple testimony. 
It seems so weak and simple to tell the 
truth— to have no brass band, no great 
crowd of men, no grand choir, no hur- 
rahs—just the truth told into the hearts 
of men, in the family circle, in prayer- 
meeting, on the railway trains, any- 
where. Yet these are the occasions which 
come to the masses of men. Most of us 
will never have the other opportunities 
at all ; and the great opportunities will 
amount to nothing unless the mass of 
men do the other work. 

The great results which are accom- 
plished in the meetings held by Dr. Tor- 
rey and Mr. Alexander are due chiefly to 
the fact that God blessing their testi- 
mony to men puts those other men_ at 
work, and so the voice of the meeting 
is multiplied ten thousand, a hundred 
thousandfold. It is securing this re- 
sponse from the people of God, which 
carries the movement on. So let us be 
in earnest. 

"Democracy'* of Lodges. 

One of the favorable tokens of our 

time is an article in the Atlantic Monthly 

for April entitled "Lodges." It is an 

argument in favor of the secret society 

system of our time. In some future let- 
ter I may speak of it more in detail. On 
this particular occasion I desire to deal 
with only one paragraph of it. 

The writer is speaking of the demo- 
cratic character of the organizations, 
and is mentioning this as one of the se- 
crets of its power — that there is no so- 
cial distinction among the members, and 
that every one is free to meet on an 
equality with every other one, no matter 
what their financial, political or social 
position may be. His illustration is as 
follows : 

A gentleman leaving home in the 
morning says to his wife, "I shall not 
be at home until late to-night. It is our 
lodge night." The poor wife says, 
"Then that will leave me alone, for it 
is the lodge night of our hired girl." He 
says, "Yes. She and I belong to the 
same lodge." 

What an infamous picture have we 
here ! entirely aside from the deeper 
moral indications which every man who 
knows just a little about present-day 
conditions will perceive. Omit the 
thought of the divorce court which, fol- 
lowing gross immoralities, hangs over 
such a situation ; nevertheless, what have 
we here, in an article intended to rec- 
ommend secret societies ? The statement 
clearly made that the wife is to stay at 
home, with the young children presum- 
ably, while the husband and hired girl 
are off at a secret society, initiating can- 
didates, hearing speeches for the good 
of the order, and coming home some- 
time between ten o'clock at night and 
three in the morning. It seems incredi- 
ble that any living man should ever have 
put such a story into such an article ! 

But, if the story had not been told, 
the fact would have been the same. 
Homes are being smashed to pieces 
every day by lodges of that kind. 
The Family, the Church and the State. 
Let me repeat again what has been 
so often said, what is so very true, and 
what is so fundamentally important — 
God has ordained three institutions, the 
family, the church and the state. The 
family is primitive, and is the founda- 
tion of the other two. These three fund- 
amental institutions, honestlv maintained. 



May, 190G. 

^vould turn this world into a paradise in 
a day. If the home were pure, the 
churches pure, the state pure, the earth 
would become at once a picture of heav- 
en. So Satan, who wishes to destroy 
men, strikes at these institutions. For 
when homes are unclean, churches be- 
come mixed with the world, the state 
is corrupt, and men are destroyed. 

We are not fighting a small battle, nor 
are we fighting a battle which is uncer- 
tain as to its ultimate outcome. Every 
€nemy is to be trampled under the feet 
of our coming King. The long centu- 
ries and millenniums of sin and shame 
and sorrow are to end, and a new heaven 
and a new^ earth in which righteousness 
alone dwells are to come ; and everv- 
man who puts a dime, or a thought, or 
a prayer, or a testimony, into the strug- 
gle, shall not fail of his reward. 

Yours by grace, expecting Victory, 
Charles A. Blanchard. 


(a personal testimony and exposition 
of the secret work, by rev. frank 

(Concluded from April Cynosure, pages 370-373.) 
Funeral Mark of Respect. 

Whenever a C. M. A. member dies, the 
brothers should try to go to the funeral, 
and as the coffin containing all that re- 
mains of the beloved friend is being laid 
in the ground, uncover your head, hold 
hat in left hand at your side, cross right 
hand palm flat across left chest, bow 
head, remaining silent, until the coffin is 
at the bottom of the grave. All mem- 
bers should try to do this at the same 

"The Official Organ." 

(The following is taken from the Book of 
Secrets of the C. M. A.) 

The Star is the official organ of the C. 
M. A. No one can join the C. M. A. 
unless he is a subscriber to The Star. All 
secret information and important com- 
munications for members only are print- 
ed in Bestography in each issue of The 
Star, and it is absolutely necessary for 
you to take The Star to get this informa- 
tion ; therefore you must always _ be a 
subscriber in order to be a member of the 
C. M. A. in good standing. In other 

words, all it costs you to belong to the C. 
M. A. hereafter is your subscription to 
The Star. This includes your dues and 
covers all expenses after your initiation. 
When your present subscription expires, 
we will notify you to renew, so you will 
remain a member in good standing." 

Subscription to The Star only includes 
the National dues. Each local lodge 
must pay its own expenses. But any one 
can hold membership in the Grand Lodge 
at Oak Park, 111., without being a mem- 
ber of any local lodge. 

"Hints for Getting New Members." 

(From Book of Secrets. 1901.) 

"Think of a friend you know quite well. 
Show him your badge, call his attention 
to the three colors, to the square, to the 
circle, to the star, to the letters on the 
badge. Show him your beautiful certifi- 
cate of membership. If you have re- 
ceived a letter in Bestography from some 
of the members, show it to him, and tell 
him you can read it, and that he can learn 
to read "Bestography when he is a mem- 
ber. Show him a copy of The Star, and 
call his attention to the boys' pictures, 
and what they say about the order. Show 
him what the lodges are doing, and also 
the letters in Bestography. 

Under no circumstances tell him any 
of the secrets. Tell him a member can 
give the sign of distress if he is in trou- 
ble. Tell him that when he is a member 
you can give each other a lot of secret 
signs, and that there are so many other 
things about the C. M. A. that you cannot 
tell him all of them. 

We find that the best way is to get one 
boy to join; your most intimate friend, if 
possible, and then you can give each oth- 
er signs and grips. In this way, the 
other boys will be curious to know the 
secrets, and will be only too anxious to 
join at once. Work hard, and you can 
easily get another boy to join. Tell your 
friend that you are anxious to have them 
join, so that you can get up a Lodge and 
have lots of fun initiating new members.'' 

How to Form New Lodges. 

When there are six or more members 
of the C. M. A. in a town, full instruc- 
tions how to form a lodge will be sent 
on request, by the Grand Secretary at 
Oak Park. Each lodge is furnished with 

May, 1906. 



a charter, ritual and rules. The rituals 
are illustrated showing how to make all 
the lodge signs, etc. 
Closing Hints from the Grand Secretary. 

(From tlie Book of Secrets of the Coming 
Men of America. 1901.) 

''Now brothers, you have been taught 
the secrets and objects of the order, and 
we trust you will try always to uphold 
its principles, and never tell any of its 
secrets. Study the instructions carefully 
and resolve to do all the good you can, 
and thereby reflect honor upon yourself 
and distinction on the C. M. A. 

"In your ranks are boys whose names 
will be known all over the world. Boys, 
it is 'Our turn next.' Let us show the 
world that w^e have profited by the teach- 
ings of the C. M. A., so that in after years 
we can say, I am proud to be a member 
of such a good and noble order. Life is 
full of happiness or sorrow, just as we 
make it. 

"As we are, so is the world to us ; the 
most familiar objects change their aspect, 
with every change of the soul. Do not 
be cross with your younger brothers, sis- 
ters or playmates ; do not make them un- 

"Teach them to love and respect you. 
You have now been made aware that 
there is nothing in the C M. A. that con- 
llicts with your social, religious or po- 
litical rights. Speak a good word for the 
order and try to get others to join it. Re- 
member that there are members of the 
C. M. A. all over the country, and every 
member is your friend. I earnestly hope 
you will strive to get as many new mem- 
bers as you can. Don't be discouraged 
if your friends do not join at once. Keep 
at them and you will get them sooner or 
later. I wish you every success, and con- 
gratulate you on becoming a member of 
the Coming Men of America. As time 
passes, the beauty of our order w411 grow 
upon vou. Your friend, 

Jos. R. Hunter, O. F. N., 
Grand Secretary C. M. A., Oak Park, Il- 

This lodge work — what is not sin is 
foolishness ; and yet I find ministers of 
the Gospel who endorse the order ! Men 
are growing rich off the dues paid in by 
the bovs of this order. 

Generally nothing but foolishness goes 
on in the lodge room. They act like the 
Masons and other lodge members. They 
smoke, chew, and tell "smutty" jokes in 
the lodge room. They plan to get up 
dances, and other social affairs. There are 
members of the C. M. A. all the way 
from twelve years to thirty years of age. 
There is nothing about it to make a boy 
better or nobler, and I can safely say that 
a boy will never be as good, pure and no- 
ble after he joins the order as he was 

If the C. M. A. has ever done a good 
thing, or ever been anything eise than a 
curse to the boyhood of our land, I have 
been unable to see it. A man once told 
me, and the man was a Mason, that he 
wanted his two boys to join the order, sa 
that when they "got grown" he would 
have no trouble in getting them to join 
the Masons. 

Nearly all the C. M. A. members join 
some other lodge. It is a school for the 
higher lodges. It plants in the growing 
heart the spirit of the Secret Empire. 

To Match Script with Type. 

The follow^ing paragraph from the Bos- 
ton Watchman of Feb. 22, seems to illus- 
trate what it describes. Note the point 
"study perspective." Note also the last 
sentence, which ought to be printed in let- 
ters of gold : 

"In order that all the great number and 
variety of interests represented in the 
Watchman may find place in its columns, 
we are compelled to remind those send- 
ing articles and items for publication that 
it is necessary to be brief. Give all the 
news of importance and interest, but state 
it tersely. Let your writing be compre- 
hensive and compact. Cover much in 
each .sentence and do not repeat. Study 
perspective. Make the essential things 
prominent and omit non-essentials. Don't 
bury your ideas in a multitude of w^ords. 
And remember that it is a universal rule 
in journalism that the longer your article 
the fewer vour readers. 

There are some people who are will- 
ing to lay up treasure in heaven, but 
they want it to be some other pers(>jv\ 



May, 1906. 



Will Shut AH "Frats" Out of High 


Renewal of the war against the socie- 
ties is made possible by the dismissal by 
Judge Gary, of tlie injunction granted a 
year and a half ago by Judge Hanecy in 
behalf of the parents of four students at 
the Hyde Park High School who were 
members of fraternities. The injunction 
suit Avas dismissed on motion of Attor- 
ney James Maher for the board. 
Will Enforce Old Rule. 

President Edward Tilden of the board 

declared last night that the rule would 
be enforced immediately, in the absence 
of legal restraint. The rule was passed 
shortly before the injunction was granted, 
by unanimous action of the school board, 
in a resolution which declared the Greek 
letter societies a menace to the schools. 
Superintendent Gooley said also last night 
that he would take up the matter at once. 
In view of the sentiment for and 
against the fraternities, the resistance of 
the Hyde Park fraternity boys, through 
their parents, promises to be bitter. The 
attitude of the present board undoubtedly 

May, 190G. 

ClHristian cynosure. 


is against the secret organizations, as 
fully two-thirds of its members have ex- 
pressed unmistakable opinions several 
times since last June. A peculiar feature 
of the situation is the fact that Averill 
Tilden, a son of President Tilden, is a 
member of one of the Hyde Park fra- 

There are four Greek letter societies 
at the school, with an aggregate mem- 
bership of about sixty — Omicron Kappa 
Pi, Gamma Sigma, Phi Alpha Omega 
and Phi Sigma. 
—Chicago Record-Herald, March *14, 1906. 

The Ohio Senate, at Columbus has 
passed a bill providing* for the fine and 
imprisonment of students found guilty of 
hazing and of members of college facul- 
ties who permit it. 


Graduated punishment for hazing is 
recommended by the subcommittee of the 
House committee on naval affairs, which 
has been investigating conditions at An- 
napolis, and made its report to the full 
committee to-day. The present system of 
expelling- all midshipment found guilty 
of hazing is declared vicious. Congres- 
sional interference is dismissed as in- 
jurious to the naval academy and changes 
in the laws which will make it possible 
to punish each case as it deserves are 
suggested. It was found that the prac- 
tice was widespread and tolerated by 
cadet officers. 


Natchez, Miss., Jan. 30, 1906. — Tele- 
graphic advices received here from 
Greensburg, La., state that Joseph Sit- 
man, a sub-freshman, who left Jefferson 
Military College on the nth inst., is 
dead at his home in that place, and it is 
alleged his death was due to injuries re- 
ceived at the hands of a crowd of haz- 
ers at the college. The boy's father. Dr. 
C. W. Sitman, will demand an investiga- 

Lieutenant Gus Morris, who was offi- 
cer of the day at the college on the 
nth, denies that there has been any 
hazing at the college, and says Sitman 
was suffering from a carbuncle and took 

French leave of the institution. Jeffer- 
son Military College is situated at Wash- 
ington, Miss., about six miles from this 

Former Cadet at West Point Dies of In= 

Lincoln, Neb., Jan. 26, 1906. — Burke 
S. Hall, for two years a cadet at West 
Point and son of the late Judge Charles 
L. Hall, died at his home to-day, aged 
26 years. Relatives of the young man 
stoutly declare that his death was direct- 
ly due to hazing he was forced to un- 
dergo at West Point. When appointed 
four years ago Hall was broad shoul- 
dered and athletic. Two years later he 
returned home broken in health. Since 
then he had traveled almost continuously 
but he developed consumption, and his 
death to-day ended a lingering illness. 

Dr. R. Stanhope, grandfather of the 
young man, who treated the case, said: 
''Burke's breakdown and death were 
surely due to hazing. He was brutally 
mistreated by upper classmen at West 
Point and confessed as much to me, 
although he steadfastly refused to di- 
vulge the names of the cadets who hazed 

The young man was a graduate of 
Nebraska University and a veteran of 
the Spanish-American war. 

Stand Him Alternately on Head and Feet 
for Ten Minutes. 

Annapolis, Md., Dec. 14. — Midship- 
man J. P. Kimbrough was hazed last 
night, because he is said to have told 
of a previous hazing. He was compelled 
to stand on his head, then on his feet 
and then on his head again, repeating 
this process for ten minutes continuouslv. 
At the end of the time he fainted and 
was left in that condition by the hazers. 
Later he was found by his room mate, 
still unconscious. This morning he was 
carried to the hospital, but is now doing 

Admiral Sands, superintendent of the 
naval academy, immediately suspended 
the midshipmen involved in the hazing, 
and forwarded his recommendation in 
the matter to the Secretary of the Navv. 



May, 190G. 

The superintendent recommends the 
summary dismissal of ^Midshipman Tre- 
more Coffin. Jr.. of the third class, and 
^lidshipman ^^'arren A. A'anderver, of 
the second class. Coffin for hazing and 
A'anderver for failing to report it. The 
secretary has the report under considera- 


Iowa Legislature Considers Measure Re= 

suiting From Holmes Case. 

Des ]\Ioines, Iowa, Feb. i, 1906. — As 
a result of the attempted hazing of Clif- 
ford Holmes, a student of the Iowa Col- 
lege of Agriculture, at Ames, who had 
not yet recovered from a severe attack of 
append iciij's, a bill has been introduced 
in the lovv a Legislature by Representative 
Greeley, of Storey County, making haz- 
ing in high schools and colleges punish- 
able by thirty days' imprisonment and a 
line of $100. 

Class Officers Kidnaped at McMinnville. 

Portland, Ore., Nov. 18, 1905. — Six 
sophomores of the Baptist College kid- 
napped Ray Derby, president, and Roy 
Hill, vice president of the commercial 
class, on the main street of McMinnville 
Thursday evening and drove with themi 
into the country about ten miles, and 
r)revented them from getting back into 
the rig, from v/hich they had been eject- 
ed, by using the horsewhip. The boys 
were left by the sophomores to walk back, 
but some of their classmates, hearing of 
the escapade, drove out and met them 
with a buggy. The matter has aroused 
the college faculty to an investigation, 
and parents of the boys are threatening 
criminal action in the courts against the 
instigators of the hazing. Derby receiv- 
ed several lashes with the whip before 
lie was beaten off the sophomore rig. 
The fact that the commercials were giv- 
ing a class party Thursday evening Ic'l 
to the sophomores' interference. 


Ann Arbor, 3.1ich., Oct. 19, 1905. — 
President Angell and the Michigan uni- 
versity faculty have taken drastic action 
to check the hazing which has disgraced 

the big Ann Arbor school since the open- 
ing of the fall term. 

Eleven students, all from Muskegon,, 
have been expelled from the university. 
for hazing. The particular act of brutal- 
ity was the hazing of Professor Butter- 
field and another member of the faculty, 
who in the dark allev had been mistaken 
for freshmen. 

It is understood that in addition to the- 
eleven Muskegon men, the faculty de- 
cided to expel a number of other students,, 
but their names have not yet been made 

torn §nx €^cliatt0e0. 

A. O. U. W. RATES. 

Increase From $10 to $97.56 a Year. 

Dunkirk, March 28. — (Special). — It is: 
probable that the new table of rates of 
the A. O. U. W., adopted by the Grand- 
Lodge at a special session, held at Syra- 
cuse on March 6th, will be the means of 
forci^ig out froiTi the order a number o£ 
old men of this city who have been mem- 
bers from thirty to forty years. 

A prominent business man today said- 
he had been a member for nearly thirty 
years, but that the mcrease in rate to go 
into effect on the first of April is so great 
that he will be obliged, to drop out. When- 
lie started in his rate zvas $10 a year on 
$1,000 insurance; then it .zvas gradually 
increased until two years ago it zvas- 
placed at $48.72 on the same amount^ 
and nozv he is asked to pay $97.56 a year. 
— Tbe Buffalo Express. 


Methodist Bishop McCabe Says Labor 

Bodies Must Reform or be Wiped 


(Special to the Chicago Record-Herald.) 

New York, April 8. — Bishop Charles 
C. McCabe said today, in a sermon be- 
fore the East New York conference in 
Brooklyn, that his church was opposed to 
labor unions as they now exist and would 
use its influence to wipe them out or re- 
form them. "We are opposed." he said, 
"to having a small percentage of labor 
men run the entire laboring class in a 

May. loruj 



high-handed and authoritative manner. 
As now constituted labor unions cannot 
long stand. Either they must reform 
themselves or they will cease to exist, as 
they are now unfair and unjust, and the 
honest workingman cannot long be sub- 
jected to oppression without rising in re- 

"I want every one of the 300 ministers 
here to accept this as his creed and 
preach it. I am stating the position of 
the Methodist church today at this con- 
ference, as the members of the church 
do not seem to be disposed to state it 
themselves. I want the statement to be 
published broadcast, so there can be no 
doubt as to tlie attitude of Methodists 
toward honest labor. I believe this 
should become part of the creed of every 
Protestant church.'' 

his mark in that profession. He is to- 
day very successful in another business,' 
where the unions have no control. 
— Henry Dpxrer in X. Y. Sun. 


Xo reasonable man can object to the 
■"union" idea. Every man has a right 
to quit work when he wishes to ; but 
it is high time a cry went up all over 
the land against the men who say anoth- 
er shall not be allowed to earn a living 
tinless he belongs to and pays tribute to 
their organization. 

There has come to my notice the case 
of a young electrician who was very ex- 
pert in his profession. He secured a 
position with a firm employing about 
forty men. Shortly afterward he was 
waited upon by a committee and told he 
must join their union or they would all 
strike the next day, as they would not 
work with a "scab." He stated the facts 
to his employers, who urged him to 
remain as he was very valuable to them, 
and said they would hire new men in 
the places of the strikers. He thanked 
them sincerely for their willingness to 
protect him, but refused their offer, say- 
ing he knew they had a contract to do 
a certain piece of work in a specified 
time, and that he would not subject them 
to the liability of paying a forfeit. He 
left and secured a position with another 
firm. The same thing happened there, 
and in another place. He finally became 
disgusted and gave up the business. The 
electrical world is the loser, as he is a 
man who would undoubtedly have niade 


Strike Drives lAan to Suicide. 

(By the Associated Press. j 
St. Louis, AIo., April 6. — After pass- 
ing all day yesterday at the headquarters 
of his union, where he learned there was 
no prospect of a settlement of the build- 
ing trades strike, John IMc^Iann, a stone 
mason, returned home last night and 
swallowed carbolic acid, after declaring 
to his wife that he would rather be dead 
than idle. He died within a few minutes. 
He had been forced into idleness for a 
month because of the strike. 

Employer, Employed, the Public. 

The union had taken almost complete 
control of our business, except the key 
to our store and the combination to our 
safe, and, as we are living in a land called 
"liberty." we are determined from this 
forward to manage our own business in 
our own way, seeing that we pay all the 
bills and have to bear all the responsi- 
bility of the business. 

The past decrees of the journeymen's 
union have been utterly regardless of the 
united welfare of the employed, employer 
and the. public, but its only consideration 
has been the union itself. Their demands 
have been unreasonable, and we are fully 
determined on the "open shop" for the 
future, and if this strike continues indefi- 
nitely it will still have the open shop to 
deal with. 

— E. M. Porter, in the Republican. Spring- 
field. Mass. 


The methods by which a trade union 
can alone act are necessarily destructive ; 
its organization is necessarily tyrannical. 
A strike, which is the only recourse by 
which a trade union can enforce its de- 
mands is a destructive contest — just such 
a contest as that to which an eccentric, 
called ''The IMoney King," once, in the 
the early days of San Francisco, chal- 
lenged a man who had taunted him with 
meanness, that they go down to the 


May. 1906. 

wharf and alternately toss twenty-dollar 
pieces into the bay until one gave in. 
The struggle of endurance involved in a 
strike is. really, what it has often been 
compared to — a war : and like all war, 
it lessens wealth. And the organization 
for it must, like the organization for 
war — be tyrannical. As even the man 
u'ho would fight for freedom must, when 
he enters an army, give up his personal 
freedom and become a mere part in a 
great machine, so must it be with work- 
men who organize for a strike. These 
combinations are, therefore, necessarily 
destructive of the very things which 
workmen seek to gain through them — 
wealth and freedom.^ 
— Progress and Poverty. , 

Morgan's Death "an Act of Justice." 

Speaking in general terms the Masonic 
penalt}' is death, and there is no ground 
for reasonable doubt that in fact, if not in 
>trict form, it has been too often executed. 
The language used at every initiation is 
adapted to produce, sooner or later an 
evil efirect, and one can hardly doubt that 
O^Iasonry tends, in one way or another 
to pervert the mind to a degree that ex- 
poses it to that effect. A natural tendency 
which we have still found existing in 
]\Iasons, is illustrated in a speech made 
in the lodge just before Morgan w^as mur- 
dered. Similar ideas have probably pos- 
sessed the minds of Masonic perverts con- 
cerned in similar murders. Proposing the 
murder of the man already in confine- 
ment he proceeds : 

'■'Xor wall there be anA'thing so decided- 
Iv unjust in our disposition of him. Has 
he not placed himself in the position of a 
traitor and have not the laws of God and 
man in all ages condemned traitors to 
suffer in full the penalties ? And what is 
the treachery w^hich directs itself only 
against a country or a king, in compari- 
son to that w^hich aims to overthrow a 
vast institution wdiich is gathering into 
its folds men of every country and bind- 
ing all mankind into a common brother- 
hood? I say that Morgan has incurred 
the penalty of death, and that to visit 
the penalty upon him wall be an act of 
justice and according to the principles 
that prevail among men in all forms of 

society. Our own safety, too, points to 
the same course, and for one I am ready 
to bear a full part in placing him in the 
only prison that can make us all safe, and 
which will at the same time be a just 
punishment for his treachery." 

This is part of the speech as reported 
by one of the actual murderers in his 
deathbed confession. If it seems incredi- 
ble, as . is natural perhaps, we wall add 
that a friend of the Cynosure has encoun- 
tered a Sunday school superintendent and 
a clergyman w4io have more briefly ut- 
tered similar sentiments. IMasonry seems 
to give the mind a moral twdst. It is a 
perverted system and its natural effect is 

It is further to be observed that in the 
murderous undertaking this advocate of 
the crime was not alone. The crime it- 
self was perpetrated. And it was not the 
only one. The speech gives one glimpse 
into the Masonic mind ; the foul deeds 
that have been done betray the internal 
w^orkings of many minds trained in the 
bloodv ritual of the lodee. 

The best way to keep up enthusiasm 
in church work is to take off vour coat 

and go to work. 

\Mien a fountain gives out nothing, 
it is because it is dried up. It is the 
same wav with human hearts and lives. 

Mtm of §nx Woxt 


A series of meetings throughout Chi- 
cago W'as projected weeks ago that 
should culminate in the annual conven- 
tion to be held at the IMoody Church, 
May 9th. 

Three of these meetings were held in 
the North Division of the city in Feb- 
ruary and were addressed by President 
Blanchard and Mr. Julius Haavind. 

On the evening of April 19th, another 
meeting was held in the West Division, 
where President Blanchard was ably as- 
sisted by Rev. B. E. Bergesen, lately of 

Before President Blanchard departed 

May, 1006. 



for the Pacific coast, he, with Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard and Rev. B. E. Bergesen, ad- 
dressed another meeting in a different 
portion of the city. Such meetings, with 
all their index fingers pointing to the An- 
niversary of this Association, will be held 
until the latter event has taken place. 

The sympathies and prayers of all 
Cynosure readers are solicited to the end 
that our annual convocation may have 
unusual spiritual power. 

Dermott, Ark., ivlarch 22, 1906. 
Mr. Wm. I. Phillips: 

Dear Sir — I wrote you that I had a 
woman employed to help me sell these 
books and that she travels from place 
to place and lectures in the churches and 
makes house-to-house visits. She takes 
these society rituals and sits with the 
people in their homes and reads them 
until they understand them. She en- 
deavors to show the sin there is in be- 
longing to secret societies. In this way 
she is making a lasting Impression on 
many families. Yours truly in Christ's 
service, Mrs. S. E. Bailey. 


Work in Ohio and Eastern States. 

Dayton, Ohio, April 18, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure: On the i8th day of 
March I had a very pleasant and helpful 
day in our work. I spoke to a large au- 
dience of sympathetic people in the Sec- 
ond United Presbyterian church, Jersey 
City, N. J. Also in a mission conducted 
by this church, not far distant. Under 
the faithful ministrations of Dr. James 
Parker and his assistant. Rev. J. A. Gor- 
don, this church has become a power for 
good. The attendance in the Sabbath 
school is nearly seven hundred, and all 
are being taught that they should keep 
out of the lodge. The testimony and 
practice are both strong along this line. 

While in New York I spent a night 
with our good friend, Brother Lagville, 
of Long Island City, attended the mis- 
sion in which he is interested and noted 
his zeal unabated along reform lines. 

The lecture previously adjourned at 
Hackensack, N. J., because of the snow 
storm, was given in the Christian Re- 

formed church of that city on the even- 
ing of March 22. While not so largely' 
attended as a meeting of the Elks, we 

congratulated ourselves that the quality 
of the audience, in some degree at least, 
made up for the lack in numbers. Some 
expressed pleasure on receiving help and 
gave a request for another lecture. 

A few days were very pleasantly and 
profitably spent with the New England 
Agent at Boston headquarters. My 
father still retains a good deal of vigor, 
and a zeal unabated. Meetings are con- 
ducted at the headquarters, 560 Colum- 
bus avenue, every "iMonday evening. I 
spoke to a goodly number who gathered 
on the evening of March 26. 

At Whitinsville, Mass., I found pas- 
tors of the Christian Reformed, United 
Presbyterian, Congregational and Meth- 
odist churches, who expressed them- 
selves in sympathy with N. C. A. work. 
The silly performances of those who 
were naturally serious, as they acted in 
public installations, had been noted, and 
the question was asked, how could I ac- 
count for such follies? The lecture 
given in the new Christian Reformed 
church was largely attended. Our friejids 
from Holland are to be congratulated on 
the work accomplished here in the last 
few years. 

Whitinsville is a wealthy manufactur- 
ing center. The manufacturers, discov- 
ering the value of the Hollandish work- 
men, have offered special inducements 
to increase their number, and so there 
has come to be a considerable settlement 
of these church-loving, lodge-opposing 

At home, Sabbath, April ist, I thought 
to rest, but found my services in demand 
at the German Baptist Brethren church. 
The attendance was larger than before. 
The expressions of appreciation amply 
repaid my efforts. A new pastor was ex- 
pected the following Sabbath. 

Brother Fowler was to circulate tracts 
rebuking those who should lay the Capi- 
tol Annex corner-stone. I trust the 
Cynosure will have his report. 

Hurried stops were made en route to 
Mt. Perry, Ohio, where I found the pas- 
tor of the United Presbviierian church. 
Rev. H. J. McCIure, contending with 


May, 1906. 

"the grip. ' as were many in his congre- 
gation. He thought the Lord had sent 
me, and of course I agreed. There was 
a full day's preaching, beside Bible-class 
instruction and a talk to the Sabbath 
school. Some remembered my visit of 
eighteen vears prevjous and the conse- 
quent anti-lodge discussions. Lodge men 
are refused admittance into this church. 
The pastor and some of the officers read 
the Cynosure. 

Brother Quincy Leckrone, principal of 
schools at Thornville. Ohio, county ex- 
aminer of teachers, preacher, ^ N. C. A. 
worker, etc., ministered ^:o my needs, and 
expressed the hope that he might give 
the anti-lodge work so-ne attention dur- 
ing the summer. He is a good speaker. 
Friends in this section should send for 

How Columbus, Ohio, has grown since 
my first visit some twenty years ago! 
The National Christian Association has 
made itself felt here. There is a good 
list of Cynosure readers, but oh, the fear- 
ful havoc made by the lodges in getting 
many to play they are Red Men, Buffa- 
loes, Elks, Eagles and the like ! How far 
from Christ and good sense men must 
wander to engage in such wicked follies ! 

This town is no better. After reading 
in the Daily News of the terrible earth- 
quake, I see the Blackfoot tribe of Red 
Men is to be visited by the Great Sachem 
of Ohio, L. B. Wise, at their Wigwam. 
' There will be a dance, of course. A herd 
of Buffaloes is announced to meet above 
the saloon of the Beckel Hotel. A 
euchre party and dance of the Ladies' 
Auxiliary of the Ancient Order of 
Hibernians is held in Hibernian Hall. 
The Modern Woodmen annnounce twen- 
ty-seven candidates to initiate and the 
^'social" features to follow, etc., etc. 

Can Christians see this and be silent 
and inactive? H God helps me tonight, 
those who gather in the hall of the Ger- 
man Lutheran church of which Rev. 
Hecht is pastor, shall know what I think 
of this kind of corruption. 

Cedarville, Ohio, always gives us a lift. 
Our good friends there. believe in the 
^'perseverance of the saints" and practice 
the same. At the morning exercises in 
the college I addressed a body of bright 

students who will soon make their influ- 
ence felt in life and, we may believe, 
largely on the right side. 

Last Sabbath, at Trenton, Ohio, I 
spoke in the morning in the Mennonite 
church and in the afternoon in the 
L^nited Presbyterian church. A lecture 
arranged for Monda}' evening was post- 
poned because of the sad death of a 
young man much loved by the citizens of 
that place. 

I regret that space does not permit 
further mention of friends and places 
visited. God bless them all. 


Irom §m HatL 

Wittenberg College, Springfield, 

Ohio, March 6, 1906. 
I will be much obliged if you will send 
me some leaflets and tracts to distribute 
among my fellow students, many of 
whom either belong or are thinking of 
joining fraternities. N. Rassmussen. 

Bridg^bow, N. J., March 3, 1906. 
Have you tracts containing Dr. R. A. 
Torrey's sentiments on secret societies? 
If not, ought there not at a time like this, 
when he is figuring so prominently in 
the religious world, be some printed at 
once and scattered broadcast? 

(Rev.) D. D. Tower. 


Spring Arbor, Michigan, Feb. 26, 1906. 

I am pleased to get the Cynosure every 
month. I am glad for the good that it is 
doing in the world. It has opened many 
blind eyes. The preachers are taken into 
the lodge free of charge. I learned this 
from one that was about to join, living 
near here. I succeeded in keeping him 
out, so I thank God for that victory. 
Jasper J. Tucker. 

Oakland, CaL, March i, 1906. 
I am a Bible Missionary doing Colpor- 
teurage work among the French and 
Italian people of this city and San Fran- 
cisco. I would be much obliged if you 
would send me a few tracts in reference 
to secret orders. I expect to use them 

May, 1906. 



as subjects for addresses to the people, 
after a special study and translation of 
them into the Italian and French Ian 
guages. Henry Durand. 

Sedro-\\'ooley, Washington, Feb. 23, 
1 received a sample copy of the Cyno- 
sure a few days ago. I wish it could 
be scattered over this lodge ridden town. 
The lodge is in session here seven nights 
a week and three afternoons, with all day 
Sunday thrown in. If I had the funds to 
spare I would order a number of copies 
for continuous distribution. 

(Rev.) Geo. A. Havstead. 

Greenville, I\[iss., I\Iarch g, 1906. 
I accepted a call to the pastorate of Mt. 
lioreb Baptist Church, this city, last July, 
while I was pastor of Olivet Church in 
Tacoma, Washington. The church here 
has a membership of three hundred, fuUv 
250 of whom are ardent secretists. This 
is a lodge stronghold and requires much 
power from on high to enable me to h^i 
faithful. Please pray that my strength 
fail not. (Rev.) F. J. Davidson. 

Hartney, ^Manitoba, Can. 
By the c^aft and guile of lodge ir.en 
I am without a preaching station rhis 
year, but am engaged in the blessed wo^-k 
of evangelism and have the joy of see- 
ing precious souls enlisting in the con- 
quering army of Christ. One ex-lodge 
man is contributing one hundred dollars 
this year towards the support of myself 
and family. If God be for me, who can 
successfully be against me ? God is mak- 
ing all grace to abound, and is opening a 
door of usefulness that men cannot shut. 
(Rev.) S. O. Irvine. 

Allegheny, Pa., March 3, 1906. 
My dear Cynosure: 

I do not hesitate to say that in a regu- 
larly constituted Masonic lodge "meeting 
for work,'' the v;hole genius is not only 
opposed to but subversive of Christianity. 
Like the possessed maniacs, they all join 
in declaring, "What have we to do with 
thee, Jesus?" 

A few thousfhts for the minister whose 

conscience must be squirming under the. 
ban of his unlawful alliance : 

W^hen you were getting your degrees, 
did you not feel that the wicked and pro- 
fane oaths were as abominable to God 
as they were in your own sight ? 

In subjecting yourself to the ridicu- 
lous and indecent performances of the 
initiation, did you not feel that your dig- 
nity had fallen far below that of the 
tramp ? 

A\'hen the lodge was tiled and your 
Savior shut outside, did you feel no 
spiritual revulsion?. 

When you were fellowshipping with 
saloonkeepers, infidels, the unholy and 
unclean, and bowing down to them and 
serving them as grand this and grand 
that, most excellent this and most excel- 
lent that, did you not realize that instead 
of ministering to Christ, you were min- 
istering to Satan? 

\\'hen you were in the parade with the 
collar about your neck, the white feather, 
and all the other tinsel trappings, did you 
have any higher object in view than to 
be cheered by the crowd on the side- 

Did you not feel that every Masonic 
dance, banquet and entertainment of 
every kind vras in part your affair ? 

You were aware that lodge teaching 
and Christian teaching are as far apart 
as the east is from the west ; and, after 
practicing a Christless religion on Sat- 
urday night, did you not feel that you 
were unfit to preach Christ in a Chris- 
tian pulpit on the Lord's Day? 

There is not a minister in the lodge 
Avho does not know that the game is not 
worth the candle. Any advantage the 
lodge minister gains over his cowan 
brother is dearly bought at the expense of 
dignity and self-respect; and you can 
hardly expect that a minister.' who is 
called to a pastorate through lodge in- 
fluence, will raise the people above the 
moral status of the lodge. 

Dear minister, time is precious, it is 
God's gift; and you have no right to 
waste it in the lodge. You are not onlv 
wasting time, but wasting your spiritual 
power and influence. 

In your quiet moments, compare what 
the lodge has done for vou with what 



May, 1906. 

Christ has done for you. Take the mat- 
ter in prayer to Him who said ''Come out 
from among' them and be ye separate." 
Joseph McKee. 


Harrisburg. Pa., February 12, 1906. 

My sympathies and to the extent of my 
abiHty, my services are with you in the 
good work you are trying to do. 

Yours fraternally, S. C. Swallow, 

Editor The Church Forum. 

Beaver Falls, Feb. 24, i\ 
And what shall I say of the fraud and 
farce and foolishness of secret fraterni- 
ties? When men forsake the loving 
Christ and his religion there is no telling 
what absurdities they may plunge into. 

If there were nothing immoral in the 
foolish secrets and horrid oaths of these 
societies, it is simply amazing that men 
of ordinar}' intelligence can put in their 
time with such senseless mummeries and 
heartless ceremonies as are gone through 
in the lodge. Their time, by previous con- 
tract, belongs to their families, and they 
have no right to waste it in such idol ser- 

But my supremest objection to all se- 
cret societies is that they have left out the 
only religion that saves. And while they 
use m.aterial instruments as symbols of 
mc-rality, and go through apparent relig- 
ious services, and pretend to send men, at 
death, to the Grand Lodge above, they 
do it all without a Christ, and hence must 
all be but a delusion and a snare. 

H. H, George. 

New Castle, Pa., March 8, 1906. 
Have just been reading the March 
Cynosure. Glad to find it ringing the 
changes on the folly and sin of the multi- 
tudinous secret orders. God save the men 
— and w^omen — ^who are being ensnared 
by them. But the light is shining, and 
soon w^e'll hope will keep all good people 
not in out and bring out any such who 
may be in. Yours for success. 

J. S. Martin, 
Editor Reformed Presbyterian Standard. 

that Morgan w^as murdered, eig^hty years 
ago, and I have observed with what cun- 
ning craftiness the Masonic fraternity 
have worked to regain their former stand- 
ing after the death blow of the Morgan 

And how true it is that the children of 
darkness are more wise in their genera- 
tion than the children of light, for how- 
skilfully did the Masonic fraternity flood 
every town and hamlet with the various 
secret orders so seemingly fitting to every 
phase of human society, thus ensnaring 
the young and rising generations. 

David Molineux. 

De Golia, Pa., Feb. 26, 1906. 
On the 5th and 6th of this month a 
Farmers' Institute was held in our neig'h- 
boring village, Custer City; because of 
an attempt some two years ago to organ- 
ize a grange I inferred the same thing 
would be attempted again at this time. I 
so expressed myself to some of the influ- 
ential farmers and found ihe undercur- 
rent at work. I found the only considera- 
tion put forth, was advantage in union, 
ana the most the oath was used for was 
to protect the password. But I am thank- 
ful that when I presented my objections 
the conscienscious ones "had never seen 
it on that wise." The grange was not 
formed, nor attempted, because the farm- 
ers would not pledge themselves. 

J. C. Young. 

Dushore, Pa., March 6, 1906. 
I was born in the year 1826, the year 

Scranton, Pa., March 8, 1906. 

I attended Wyoming District Minister- 
ial Association (M. E.) this week, at 
which the lodge was named as one of the 
hindrances in the way of reaching men 
with the gospel. 

The P. E., L. C. Murdock, of Kings- 
ton, Pa., stated he had no time for lodges, 
and that it did not help ministers in their 
work to use lodge relationship. I expect 
to ask the privilege of presenting a paper 
at our next meeting on the question as 
bearing on the work of the church. In 
my pastoral work of forty years, from 
which I retired last April", I have, from 
the first, opposed the so-call"ed secret so- 
cieties, and my convictions as to their 
harmful character have grown stronger 
with the passing years. 

J. C. Leacock. 

May, 1906. 


^ Ctoentietj) Centurp i^inister 



''Dear me, I shall never have the forti- 
tude to tear myself away unless I go 
at once ;" and with this she vanished. 
The mother gave a blissful sigh as she 
heard the brisk step on the stair. 

Half an hour later it came back more 
slowly, accompanied by the rustle of 
freshly starched gingham. The little 
mother had drawn a low, wooden rocker 
to the doorway, and sat enjoying the 
breeze. Her face was round and smil- 
ing. Instead of crow's feet, she had lit- 
tle twinkles lurking in the corners of her 
eyes. A good, true, wholesome face it 
was, under the waving gray hair. The 
whole person of the buxom, sunny, little 
woman justified the quaint French com- 
parison, "as good as bread." 

Alice slipped down on her knees be- 
fore her and threw her arms about her 
mother's waist. There were tears in the 
girl's eyes. 

'T want to 'fess, Mutterchen ; I haven't 
been good and grateful to you. I lay 
awake the night before commencement 
and thought it over — the poor, little let- 
ters I've sent you all year, with nothing 
but wretched postal cards the last month. 

''As I lay and thought, I slipped off 
into a horrid dream. It seemed as if 
you were taken from me, and I would 
never hear your dear 'my daughter' 

"Childikin ! You're worn out." 

"Forgive me if I cry a little, dearest. 
I don't often. It isn't easy for me to say 
what is deep down in my heart. It never 
has been, and that is why I've been such 
a dreadful crustacean." 

"Spare your poor, ignorant mother ! 
You've either had a rush of delight to 
the head, or your brain is all turning to 
intellect. AVhat, pray, is a crustacean?" 

"You may call it shellfish, or you may 
leave out the // ; either will fit the case 
equally wtU. 

"But to return to niy dream. It seem- 
ed to take me hours to struggle out of 
it. All that time I was trying — as I am 
trvino^ now — to tell vou what vou have 

been to me all these years — so true, so 
unfailingly true ! You never have failed 
me once from my earliest memory till 
now. I could always, however naughty 
I was, count on my mother's love and 
prayers and heavenly sympathy. 

"And, mother, you're so lovely to 
everybody — the boy that drives the de- 
livery wagon, and the paper-rags man. 
You treat them as if they were scions of 

The mother smiled humorously. "I 
thought you had some news to tell me. 
You wa-ote me about some great news 
that you hadn't time even to hint at." 

"Oh, you Artful ! Does it pain you so 
to hear your own praises ? But my news 
is not to be uttered lightly. Give me 
time to w^ork up a climax." 

The mother-love in the dear face took 
on a tenderer light. Well could she guess 
the revelation that was coming. 

Alice seemed loath to disclose her 
secret, for at once she changed the sub- 

"So many people asked me at com- 
mencement time why my mother was 
not there to see me graduate. I felt like 
saying: 'The dear, brave soul is at 
home making bread and cakes and pies 
for her neighbors, to provide for the 
expenses of this extravagant time. It 
isn't that she cares less, but more, than 
other mothers ; but she knows that this 
is only a show, and not one of the real 
things that she and I prize most.' 

"And so, though I grieved a little to 
be alone at a time when almost all the 
rest had their home friends about them, 
I felt so proud, so very proud of you, 
mother, that I soon forgot my grief. 

"Now, dearest, just because you are 
so brave and strong and true, I wonder 
if you would not spare me next year in- 
stead of a year later." 

The mother's voice took on a sharp. 
anguished note of protest. 

"Oh, who could be so cruel as to take 
you away to India before you have the 
year's rest vou need so much ?" 



May, 1906. 

"Not India, mother-bird; a great, 
splendid work at home." 

Airs. Edgerton scanned the glowing 
face and said slowly, 'It must be a very 
Vvonderful man who could tempt my 
daughter to lay aside her missionary as- 

"Why, mother !" Alice gasped and 
stared. "^Mly, mother!" she exclaimed 
again, in a flash of indignant comprehen- 
sion. "Did }'ou think — ? Don't, don't! 
I thought you knew me better. I thought 
I had made it plain to all my friends 
that I never mean to marry. Single wo- 
men are so much needed on the mission 

"There, there, I'm sorry I hurt you. 
I expect I'm behind the times. I was 
raised in the old-fashioned ways of think- 
ing. Forgive me, daughter." 

''But, mother," said Alice, quite puz- 
zled, "you always loved the missionary 
cause, and trained me up to love it, too. 
It was your stories of Judson and Carey 
and Harriet Newell that made me long 
to go." 

"Yes, childie ; but tell me your plan for 
next year." 

"It isn't a plan yet ; it's only an op- 
portunity — such an opportunity — so 
mighty, so magnificent ! And to think 
that it should have come to me ! I don't 
understand it, mother, but people seem 
to think I have a gift." 

"Strange!" with a smile of maternal 

"You know I've been president of the 
Y. W. C. A. this year, and have taught 
one of the Bible classes. This, with 
the work in the Volunteer Band, was all 
I thought I could do besides my studies. 

"But, to my surprise, I began to get 
invitations to speak in the towns around 
Marlboro before the young people's 
societies. Sometimes, in the little 
churches I was actually asked to take 
the regular evening service. It was 
hard at first. My heart would thump 
and my face would burn and my mouth 
w'ould grow dry as I began to speak ; but 
by and bye I would notice people leaning 
forward with shining eyes to listen, and 
it helped me so much. 

"At last, I began to feel the power of 
the Message, like a er^^t fire burning 

within me, and leaping up and out. It 
was joy unspeakable to tell of the 
progress of the Kingdom. I was sent 
for again and again, to address ladies' 
missionary societies and mission study 
clubs. One sweet, gifted girl has writ- 
ten me that I led her to decide for the 
foreign work. 

"Just a week before commencement, 
I got a letter from New York City ask- 
ing me if I could give next year to trav- 
eling and speaking for the Volunteer 
Movement among the women's colleges 
and co-educational institutions of the 
country. Only think of it!" 

Mrs. Edgerton's fond, smiling gaze 
remained fixed in silence on her daugh- 
ter's face. 

Presently Alice resumed with shining 
eyes and a catch in her breath : 

"I think I should have been tempted at 
first to feel proud, if I hadn't fallen at 
once on my knees and talked to the Lord 
about it. You see, it's an honor far high- 
er than all my college honors. I never 
had, coaxing ways like you, dearie. I 
never thought I could make people do 
things. And now to be thought fit to get 
out in search of recruits for this great- 
est work in the world ! 

"They say I do get hold of people and 
make them think and feel. I'm sure it 
isn't I ; for often as a child I remember 
being furious because I couldn't get the 
girls to play the games I cared for most. 
Do you think I've somehow altered, 

"I think, daughter" — and the gentle 
mother spoke with earnest conviction — 
"that it is the power of the Spirit." 

"You always understand, dear," said 
Alice, stroking her mother's toilworn 
hand. "You are so wise in the wisdom 
that comes from above. 

"Of course, I wouldn't give my answer 
to this invitation without consulting you, 
and so I wrote and asked them for a 
little time. They wrote back very kindly, 
giving me till the first of July — nearly a 
week longer. There are a -great many 
things to consider, and the more I turn 
them over in my mind, the more per- 
plexed I grow. Perhaps it is because I 
am so tired. But vou alwavs see into 

Mav. 190G. 


the heart of things at once, mother ; what 
do you say?'' 

''Tell me first, dear, some of the ar- 
guments in your own mind." 

"At first, I could see nothing but the 
dazzHng opportunity. And it is dazzhng. 
even from a worldly standpoint. To 
travel : to associate with the cream of the 
cream throughout the land, to rub off my 
angles and broaden my horizon — for I 
am a narrow, self-opinionated mortal ; to 
learn adaptability and increased skill in 
public speaking — all so vitally essential 
to a missionary. Then there is the spir- 
itual uplift that must come in work that 
is wholly and definitely religious. I 
should get more than I could possibly 
give, I am sure. It is a prospect so al- 
luring, that but for the difiiculty of the 
work, I should think it self-indulgence 
to attempt it.'' 

. Alice had changed her kneeling atti- 
tude for a seat on a low footstool before 
her mother. The two sat with hands 
clasped. The mother's firm, capable 
fingers slipped gently to her daughter's 
wrist. Her pulse was beating almost 
feverishly. What if it should take to 
racing with flying trains that were to 
carry her fast and far? What if it 
should cease before its time, because the 
force behind it was prematurely exhaust- 
ed? But Mrs. Edgerton said only: 

"And now what about the other side?'' 

"There's just one objection, but it 
seems to grow and grow upon me. I 
want to learn so much more. They say 
every missionary, especially one going 
to the tropics, should have some knowl- 
edge of disease and how to treat it. 
Then it's a great help to know the social 
etiquette of the people to whom one goes. 
Some missionaries to China have given 
great offence by failing to remove their 
glasses in conversation with officials. I 
should like to saturate myself with India 
before I go. Don't you think that's tre- 
mendously important ?" 

''There's one thing far more important, 
to saturate yourself with the Good News 
you are to carry.'' 

"Yes, mother, and that's the thing I 
want most to do next year. You can't 
think how one is tempted in college, by 
the verv nature of one's work, to become 

cold and critical and unspiritual ; and 
how the pressure of work prompts one 
to neglect Bible study and prayer." 

"Let's come, then, my daughter, and 
ask Him what He wants us to do.'' 

With a gentle, grave simplicity of 
manner, Mrs. Edgerton rose, and led 
Alice by the hand into the cool sitting- 

"I wouldn't have you think I forgot to 
pray about this, mother," said Alice, "but 
they were all such broken bits of pray- 
ers. The last days were so full of hurry 
and distraction, that T couldn't concen- 
trate my mind. The home quiet seems 
so good!'' 

The two knelt together, and the moth- 
er in sweet, trustful tones gave thanks 
to the God of the widow and the father- 
less, who had been their unfailing stay 
in days of want and trial ; and prayed for 
the wisdom that is promised to all who 
ask in faith. 

Alice followed briefly. In the awed 
hush that followed, she asked simply, 
"\\'iH He show us at once?" 

"I think, my daughter, that you will 
find when you are ready that the answer 
has come." 

Alice's look of inquiry deepened. 

"Xot often, I believe, does God make 
known His will by extraordinary mani- 
festations. Instead, He gives a calmer, 
clearer judgment, and a quickened con- 
science that learns His will by obedience. 
'He that will do His will, shall know' — 
you remember. 

"Xow, dear, suppose you gather some 
lettuce and radishes for dinner and by 
that time my small errand boy will be 
along with the mail." 

"^lutterchen, you are like the dear 
lady of whom her husband said that she 
was the most worldly saint and the most 
saintly worldling he ever knew." 

The dinner preparations went forward 
for the most part in silence, and the plans 
for the next year were not broached 
again after dinner. ^Mother and daugh- 
ter washed and wiped the dishes togeth- 
er, and then tidied and darkened the 

After the niidday rest. Alice reappear- 
ed in a white dimity, which had been left 
at home as too old-fashioned, but which 



:\IaY. 190G. 

gave her tall tig-ure a charmingly girlish 

"I hate to go out this first day," she 
said, "but I must see Lucy Willis. I 
sent her only a line when her baby died, 
two weeks ago, and she wrote back she 
was almost too broken-hearted to an- 
swer. Poor little mother, how can I com- 
fort her?" 

Lucy \\'illis was Lester Galbraith's 
sister, two years his senior. She and 
Alice Edgerton had been bosom friends 
from childhood, in spite of the fact that 
Lucy was three years her elder. She 
had married the summer before Alice 
had gone away to college. Lester was 
a senior in the same institution ; and 
he had been thoughtful enough of his 
old schoolfellow and his sister's dearest 
friend, to show her some of the small 
attentions that college girls prize, espe- 
cially from an upper classman. 

The next year, Lester had gone to 
New England for his theological train- 
mg. Rather lightly, he suggested to Alice 
a correspondence. She hesitated a lit- 
tle; then she remembered that it would 
please Lucy, and not very enthusiastic- 
ally consented. It proved a rather high- 
flown affair, filled with philosophical 
speculation and theological discussion. 
Occasionally, Alice would accuse Lester 
of heterodoxy, and Lester would retort 
by charging Alice with bigotry. Then 
volumes of argument would be exchang- 
ed, until the pressure of other interests 
would interrupt this wordy correspond- 
ence, which, after a lapse of some 
months, would be resumed on a safer and 
quieter basis. 

It was some weeks since Alice had 
heard from Lester. This, however, was 
her own fault. He had written her im- 
mediately after going to Cleora ; but the 
breathless haste of her last weeks in 
college had left her scant time for writ- 
ing even to her mother. 

Lucy Willis was a pretty, dainty lit- 
tle creature, with soft, dark eyes that 
looked like a tired child's. Her home 
was a charming little colonial cottage, 
diagonally across the street from Airs. 
Edgerton's plain, old-fashioned dwell- 

Alice hurried across the shady village 

street and up the flower-bordered walk. 
Lucy's arms were full of small gar- 
ments as Alice entered, but she dropped 
them unceremoniously and put up her 
arms without a word, like a child that 
longs to be taken up into a strong, lov- 
ing embrace. Alice clasped her close, 
and murmured tender words of sym- 
pathy in a way that would have amazed 
her fellow students, who knew her only 
as a scholarly and dignified Miss Edger- 

With arms entwined, they sat down 
on a sofa, while Lucy told her in frag- 
ments of sentences broken by sobs the 
story of her baby's death. 

'T know," she said, ''the minister is 
right. He says my little boy has only 
gone 'through the door into the next 
room ;' but oh, I miss him so. They say 
nowadays one shouldn't rock one's baby 
to sleep, but I never could bear not to. 
I loved so to cuddle him and sing to 
him. He was so dear in his bath. I 
miss him so very much — the more be- 
cause he was always frail, and I had 
to give him so much care. O Alice, how 
can I live, 4iow can I live?" 

For answer, Alice only drew the 
small, dark head upon her breast, and 
mingled her tears with those of the 
mourning mother. She remembered that 
even the Master, on His way to the tomb 
of Lazarus, offered no words of consola- 
tion to the stricken sisters. He only 

After a time Lucy rose and went away 
to bathe her eyes. She came back with 
a brisk step and a faint smile. 

"Now, dearie, you are to stay to sup- 
per, you know. You may run home if 
you will, and ask 'Aunt Mary' " — this 
v/as her name for Alice's mother — "to 
come, too; and then, if you are very 
good, you may help me with my salad." 

"I haven't the first notion how to make 
a salad. I think you put in 'the four sea- 
sons' — salt, pepper, mustard and vine- 
gar — but whether to use an equal amount 
of each or not, I can't pretend to say." 

She spoke so seriously -that Lucy 

"I'm going to see fhat your mother 
takes vou in hand this summer, and 
teaches vou to cook. I'd oft"er to teach 

May, 1906. 

ciiKJsriAX cy:<osuke. 


yoii myself, but I know that you have a 
better instructor at home. Perhaps I 
might give you a supplementary course 
on the fancy dishes Aunt Mary doesn't 
make. But I can't let you get married 
until you learn to cook." 

''Why, Lucy Willis ! Don't you know 
me better than to hold out such a cheap 
inducement? I'm ashamed of you!" 

Then each turned away laughing, the 
one to her kitchen, and the other toward 
home. Mrs. Edgerton, knowing that the 
two ''girls," as she called them, would 
rather talk confidentially by themselves, 
at first refused to go. Then, bethink- 
ing herself that she could relieve Lucy 
of her household duties and the care of 
four-year-old Harold, while she had a 
good visit with Alice, she smoothed out 
her white apron and said : 

"Run along, child, and tell Lucy Lll 
be there as soon as Lve fed the chickens." 

The supper work was done. Mr. Wil- 
lis had gone back to the store. "Aunt 
Mary" was in the hammock with little 
Harold, telling him a Bible story before 
putting him to bed, while Lucy and x\lice 
strolled among the June roses. 

"Alice," said Lucy at last, "I want to 
talk to you about Lester. Have you 
heard from his lately?" 

"No, dear, but it's all my own fault" 
— and she went on to explain. 

"W>11, I don't feel easy about him 
somehow. He seems so far away. I 
suppose we here in the East do get queer 
notions about 'the wild and woolly West.' 
Li fact, Lester writes that Cleora, where 
he is now, is much more progressive than 
we are here in Lawndale. There's a tele- 
phone and electric lights in the house 
where he boards, and he's afraid he never 
could come back to our primitive ways. 

"But you know^, Alice, there's such a 
thing as being too progressive, and that's 
just where I am afraid for Lester. I 
thought his week at home after graduat- 
ing from the Seminary would be such a 
comfort, but it w^asn't a bit. Lester has 
got so far ahead of me that I can't hope 
to catch up. I asked him to take my 
Sunday School class the Sunday he was 
here, but he was too tired, he said. Then 
I tried to talk the lesson over with him 

and get some new ideas, but he seemed 
just a little bit superior. 

" 'Do you teach the Bible just as you 
used to hear it taught twcnt\- }-ears ago ?' 
he asked me. 

"'Why, certainly,' said I, 'why not?' 

"Then he went into a wholesale de- 
nunciation of the Sunday School as gen- 
erations behind the modern educational 
methods, with its untrained teachers and 
haphazard instruction. 

" 'The average Sunday school teacher,' 
he said, 'is profoundly ignorant of the 
conclusions of modern, scholarship ]-e- 
garding the Bible, "and hopelessly old- 
fashioned in his views of inspiration. I 
presume you yourself, now, believe all 
the characters in the book of Genesis 
were actual personages?' 

'' 'Yes, Lester, I do,' said I, 'and some 
of the most helpful and inspiring char- 
acters in all history. From a child Eve 
loved to hear about Abraham and Jo- 
seph and — ' 

" 'I suppose you don't know,' he' said, 
'that many scholars regard Abraham as 
only a sort of figure for the whole He- 
brew race.' 

" 'Please, don't, Lester,' I said, 'Em 
sure vou don't believe such nonsense 
yourself. If we begin discrediting and 
throwing away bits of the Bible, where 
shall we ever stop?' 

"He went off whistling without an- 
swering- me, and oh, Alice, it hurt ! 

''You know^ Lester was fourteen and I 
was sixteen when mother died. Lester 
was such a dear, gentle boy — such a 
o-ood, kind brother ! i\Iother said to me 
the night she left us : 

" 'You'U be a little mother to Lester. 
won't you, daughter? He'll have a hard 
fight for the next few years. He needs 
so much help and sympathy. Keep be- 
side him as much as you can, and never 
let him forget he has one true friend.' 

"I've tried to remember what she said: 
'Keep beside him as much as you can.' 
I should have been so glad to go to col- 
lege with him. but that ccnildn't be. 
There was father, ton, you know. I 
C(nil(ln't have finished the high school, 
even, it he hadn't been so kind. 

"But I tried — oh. so hard — to keep 



Mav. 190f). 

near to him when he went away to Marl- 
boro. I treasured up every scrap of in- 
formation he sent me about his studies, 
and each semester I kept the schedule of 
his classes pinned up on the kitchen 
wall. AMien they were subjects I could 
understand, like history or social science, 
I'd read what I could, and get him to tell 
me about them in vacations. He would 
grow so enthusiastic and talk so delight- 
fully — just for me. I don't wonder peo- 
ple like to hear him preach. 

"You know, Alice, I used to be so am- 
bitious for a career. When I found that 
my duty was in another sphere of life, I 
transferred all my ambitions to Lester. 
I wanted him to shine. I lay awake 
nights planning great things for him. 
I exulted over his college honors more 
than he did. I encouraged him to large 
undertakings — writing for the magazines, 
and the like. Perhaps I ought to have 
been praying that he might be kept hum- 
ble and true to the faith of our fathers. 
"After I was married, I had less time 
to keep in touch with his college work. 
I used to mourn over it, and pick up such 
bits as I could in vacations. One year, 
there came a splendid opportunity. You 
remember that Fraulien Hahn, a charm- 
ing, cultured girl, who came over here 
to be married, and found her lover false ? 
She was left stranded here, penniless and 
friendless. I got up a German class for 
her, and studied every spare minute my- 
self, with such enthusiasm and delight. 
When she left, I kept on by myself, as 
best I could, and when Lester came 
home, I proposed that we read Goethe's 
Taust' together. I can't tell you w^hat 
a joy it was to me to study with Lester. 
He enjoyed it, too, I think. He said it 
would help him to read the writings of 
German scholars. 

"One day, we got to discussing the 
character of Mephistopheles. 

"Lester said, 'Curious, how many 
forms that old superstition takes.' 

"'What old superstition?' said I, in- 

" 'Why, the belief in a personal devil.' 
" 'Lester Galbraith,' said I, 'don't you 
believe in a personal devil?' 

" 'Why no, of course not, sis,' said he 

"Then I began to argue in my vehe- 
ment way. I shouldn't have been sur- 
prised if he had been vexed; but instead, 
he laughed and laughed and laughed. 
When I asked him why, he said: 'You 
poor, dear child ! If you had the faint- 
est spark of humor, you'd see how ab- 
surdly incongruous it is for a sweet, gen- 
tle little thing like you to argue so stout- . 
ly for Old Horns and Hoofs.' 

" 'But I don't think of him in that way 
at all,' I protested: 'If he were no more 
than that!' 

"But Lester positively refused to take 
me seriously. I couldn't get anything 
out of him except — 'Liitle Lu and the 
Bogey-man ! Isn't that a combination ?' 

"I haven't dared ask him what he be- 
lieves about eternal punishment. In one 
of his recent letters he wrote : 

" 'It's perfectly safe to preach hell here 
yet awhile. The West is on the whole 
very conservative in theology, and in 
fact prefers a robust type of religion.' 

"Alice, it made me feel sick to think 
of bis debating what it is safe to preach 
and what it's not safe to preach. It 
sounds so worldly and calculating. Some- 
times I wonder if he has really been con- 
verted. I'm not sure, in fact, whether he- 
believes in conversion any more. He- 
seems so eager for numbers, regardless 
of how^ they come in." 

"He writes often, does he?" asked 
Alice, anxious to divert her friend's mind 
from this painful channel. 

"Oh, yes, every week. He was always 
good to write. He's a dear, loving boy,, 
and that's just what makes it so hard.. 
When baby died, Lester telegraphed five 
dollars worth of flowers to be sent from 
Rochester. They were the loveliest things 
I ever saw — though, indeed, we didn't 
need them. We have so many white 
roses, and the neighbors' yards are full 
of flowers and they brought and brought.. 
But baby was named for Lester, and they 
loved each other dearly. It was the only 
bright spot in Lester's visit — the way. 
baby took to him. Lester was so good 
to play with the little fellow. It seemed 
as if they were both of the same age 
and enjoying it equally. And to think 
that only six weeks later, baby lay ini 

May, 1906. 



Ills little white casket, framed in Lester's 

The young mother leaned sobbing 
against her tall, strong friend. 

"Does Lester say how he is situated?" 
asked Alice when the sobs ceased. 

''Oh, yes ; he tells me everything. And 
there's one thing I haven't mentioned to 
you. I can hardly bear to now. It 
seems the worst thing of all. Oh, I've 
lain awake nights and grieved so over 

"Tell me, dear." 

"Well" — leaning forward, and fixing 
her eyes impressively on her friend's 
face — "there's a girl^" 


"I wonder if it's too dark for you to 
see her picture? He sent me three, all 
•different. She had them taken expressly 
for him. When he saw the proofs, he 
insisted on having all three finished. If 
that isn't infatuation, I never saw it." 

"Are they engaged ?" 

"Not yet, I think, but they're very 
close to it, I fear. Oh, I cannot like her, 
Alice ! She isn't our sort of folks. My 
Tieart feels like lead at the very thought 
of having to call her sister. 

"Lester is always writing about her 
looks. To me, she looks like a Paris 
fashion-plate. Oh, why will men be so 
carried away with looks ? I never dream- 
ed Lester would. He was always so keen 
for books and learning. To tell you the 
truth, Alice, dear, I always hoped it 
might be you. I've dreamed of it and 
•planned for it and even prayed for it. 
Perhaps," she added timidly, seeing 
Alice's face harden and her square shoul- 
ders stiffen proudly — "perhaps that was 

Her tone was so wistful and pleading 
that Alice softened again. 

"No, Lucy, it wasn't wicked ; but 
please don't do it any more." 

"It seems," urged Lucy eagerly, "so 
suitable and right in every way. You 
are both so brilliant and you both care 
for precisely the same things. I know 
Lester used to be very fond of you." 

"You imagined that, dear," broke in 
Alice, quickly. 

"And now," resumed Lucy, piteously, 
""that he should be so completely be- 

witched with a girl that is all for show ! 
He says she plays and sings like an an- 
gel — which may be true, of course — and 
that she will make a very efficient church 
worker ; but how can she, with that 
mouth and chin? And those eyes — oh. 
those eyes ! They spell flirt to me, as 
plain as print. Don't you see it?" 

"Really, Lucy, I think they have a 
very pretty, pensive look.'' 

"But don't you know that's the ex- 
pression of the finished coquette? Child, 
child, vou don't know the world as I 

The tiny creature's patronage of her 
tall companion was irresistibly amusing. 
Pursing her lips, Lucy continued : 

"I can't believe it's too late yet. I 
wish you'd sit right down to-morrow 
and write to Lester." 

"O Lucy !" murmured Alice, horror- 

Lucy pursued coolly : "Of course there 
is no call to mention this girl. Did I 
tell you her name ? It's Lillys Hammond. 
I can't abide that Lillys. If it were Lilv 
or Lilian, now I dare say it is, by rights. 
I'd disown you if you took to writing 
your name Alys. You know I wouldn't 
have you lower yourself to set up as 
her rival ; but I do think it's your duty 
to try to get Lester back into the righc 
path. You might look at it as part of 
your preparation for missionary work. 
I don't know enough to argue with him : 
you do. He'll listen to you as he would 
not to me." 

Alice thought of the reams of fruit- 
less argument which had already passed 
between them, but she only said vaguely : 
"Oh, I'll write to him, of course. He 
may not be so far astray as you imagine." 

"Poor Lucy," she said to her mother; 
"she's always taken life a little hard, but 
I never knew her quite so despondent 
before. I supj^ose it's her baby's death. 
Dear, dear girl! It is a crushing sor- 

After a pause, she added, a trifle scorn- 
fully : "1 hope you won't think I de- 
serve the curse of Cain, but I can't see 
that 1 am Lester Galbraith's keeper. I 
know I'm not like other girls; I find it 
rather hard to be patient ^> ith \-oung men. 
especially of that conceited and dog- 


May, 190G. 

matic type. Probably ]\Iiss Hammond 
thinlvs him a miracle of Avisdom ; and 
since he has taken her as 'guide, philos- 
opher and friend,' he will doubtless pay 
little heed to anything I may write to 

*"I wonder — '' mused her mother, 

■"AMiat is it, IMutterchen?" 

"If you don't care for the brother 
whom vou have seen — the clean, intelli- 
gent, cultured brother — how can you care 
for the brother you have not seen — the 
dirty, stupid, vulgar brother?" 

"Oh, if you rank him with the heath- 
en ! But the heathen across the sea are 
so much more picturesque. Really, 
mother, you shouldn't spring ethical 
problems on me when T am so tired. I 
feel as if I could sleep for a week." 

The next day, as her mother had fore- 
told, Alice found her answer ready to 
the question of her future. She wrote 
to Xew York accepting the work to 
which she had been called, but begging 
to be excused from the summer confer- 
ences at which she had been asked to 
speak. ]\Iuch writing, planning, and 
preparation followed ; and with it all, her 
mother insisting on the rest the girl so 
sorely needed. 

In July, Lester wrote to his sister an- 
nouncing his engagement. Not till then 
did Alice recall her promise to write. 
She sent him a brief but cordial note of 
congratulation, at the same time an- 
nouncing her own plans for the coming 
year. Further details concerning those 
plans he elicited from his sister. After 
a considerable interval, came an enthusi- 
astic reply to Alice's note. 

"I can't tell you," he wrote, "how 
pleased I am at the news of your suc- 
cess — though I might feel envious, for 
you are far ahead of me now. Your 
salary is half as much again as mine, 
to say nothing of the honor of standing, 
in a sense, at the head of the most priv- 
ileged and cultured women in the land. 
What a magnificent opportunity is yours 
— to travel and see the best and highest 
in our land ; to be able by your inspiring 
eloquence to move the most influential 
body in the nation — our peerless young 
American queens !" — "He's plainly very 

much in love," was Alice's amused inner 
comment. " "But I will not envy you. I 
can conceive no higher honor in life 
than that which has come to me — the 
love of Lillys. I hope you may come to 
know her. You will be sure to spend a 
few days in this State. Besides our de- 
nomination college, which is not to be de- 
spised, there is the State University, the 
finest institution between Chicago and 
the Pacific coast. A large part of the 
students are earnest Christian young- 
people, who will sympathize strongly 
with your message. In fact, I think 
there is a Volunteer Band among them. 
One of the professors is a faraway 
cousin of mine — a splendid Christian 
man with a large Bible class in the First 
Church of the city. His wife is a daugh- 
ter of the famous missionary, Dr. H — . 

"If you could only plan to be there in 
June, you could easily run up here — 
it's only an hour's journey — for our 
wedding. I can promise you the sight 
of the loveliest bride you ever beheld. It 
would make us both happy to see you 
then or at any other time. Be sure you 
let me know when you pass through the 
State, and* I will make every eft'ort to 
see you." 

This letter, cordial though it was, 
grated on Alice. "Is that his highest no- 
tion of success?" she thought, "nothing 
but money and honor ? If I believed that 
to be my motive — " and she dropped on 
her knees beside her bed, appalled at the 
mere suggestion. 

(To be Continued.) 

"Sin lietli at the door." Better on the 
outside than the inside. In that case 
we mav escape by another door. But if 
Christ is the door sin will snarl in vain. 

Some men boast of their charity and 
humanitarianism, but when asked to give 
five dollars to foreign missions they 
jump as if a wasp had stung them. 

The doors of every church should 
swing outward as well as inward. We 
must listen to the call of the religions be- 
yond as well as to the stranger within 
the gates. 

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The National Anniversary, 

Tuesday and Wednesday, May 8th and 9th, 1906, 

The opening session of the Anniver- 
sary was in the Christian Reformed 
church at iiith street, Chicago, on the 
afternoon of Tuesday, May 8th. The 
skies were weeping and the clouds low- 
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About fifty people were present. Before 
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Swartz, of Manhattan, 111. 

RF.V. r.. IT. EININK. 

"Oath-bound secret societies are in 
my estimation pernicious to the institu- 
tion of God, the family, and also very 
dangerous to every nation and its insti- 

"Lodgeism has no birthright in the 
Church of Christ in this world, since it 
universally denies Christ. It is the plain 
duty of the Church to present a solid 
front to this common foe." — B. H. Ein- 

The credit for the success of the Tues- 
day meetings is due to no one person, 
but God was with each that had a "mind 
to work." Nevertheless, much is due to 
Pastor Einink and his people, and as we 
cannot present the whole congregation 
to our readers, it gives us pleasure to 
have them represented in their pastor, 
whose portrait and testimony we publish 

The program for the 8th of May ar- 
ranged for Secretary Phillips as chair- 
man. Rev. J. A. Norman as leader of 
the devotional exercises, and music by 
the congregation in the afternoon and 
by the Young Men's Chorus, of the First 
Christian Reformed church in which we 
met, for the evening. 

Mr. J. M. Hitchcock read an excel- 
lent paper on the work and needs of the 
National Christian Association. No one 
can speak more pointedly on that sub- 
ject, for no one is more devoted to the 
cause. No one did as much for the An- 
nual Meeting as the reader of that paper. 

A synopsis of the address by Rev. E. 
B. Stewart, of the United Presbyterian 
church, will appear in the Cynosure. 
The address made a strong impression. 
The address by Rev. W. ^B. Stoddard 
was forceful and interesting, as was his 
handling of the "Question Drawer." 
Rev. B. H. Einink led in the "Open Par- 
liament," and his remarks are to be 
found in this number and speak for them- 
selves. Rev. E. Breen, well known as 
a member of the Board of Directors of 
our Association, and a successful pastor 
here in Chicago, led in Scripture read- 



June. 1906. 

ing and prayer in the evening session, and 
was followed by the addresses of Rev. 
John \\'. Brink and Rev. Samuel H. 
Swartz. alreadv referred to. Thus closed 

the first day's meetings. 

We shall endeavor to complete the re- 
port of the --Vnnual fleeting in the July 
Cynosure. Among the members received 
into the Corporate body was Rev. B. E. 
Bergesen, who was also elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors for the 
ensuinof vear. 


\\'ith Respect to the Present=Day Labor 



It is surely not necessary to give a de- 
tailed definition of the term "labor move- 
ment" to a Chicago audience. Yet it 
cannot be considered amiss if we briefly 
recall what we all understand by it. The 
term labor movement is descriptive of 
that activity in the industrial world, the 
domain of labor, which manifests itself 
in campaigns of education for the work- 
ing man, speech-making on topics relat- 
ed to labor, the organization of labor 
unions the world over and federating 
these into State, national and interna- 
tional associations, etc. I speak advised- 
ly of the labor movement of the present 
day. I would emphasize the fact that 
this labor agitation has to-day reached 
such proportions that it is world-wide. 
There is not a civilized nation upon the 
globe which is not stirred up by it. The 
union, or its educational agent and its 
literature, is everyvrhere. Unionism 
cares not for racial, geographical, lin- 
guistic or any other difficulties. It sends 
its missionaries all over the world and 
seeks to make disciples to its. principles 
and promoters of its objects of all men, 
irrespective of creed, nationality, condi- 
tion or color. Unionism is fast becom- 
ing a competitor of the church of Christ 
in mission work, both domestic and for- 
eign, and a competitor that understands 
its business thoroughly, too. According 
to the latest statistics of the American 
Federation of Labor there are now over 
2,000 labor organizations, with a mem- 
bership of about 2,000,000. These figures 
do not include those organizations which, 

although they include working men, yet 
are not, properly speaking, labor unions, 
and do not wish to be considered as such. 
I refer to the socialistic associations. I 
would very much desire that this state- 
ment be kept in mind, so as to prevent 
confusion as I proceed. Our term labor 
movement does not include the socialistic 

The Object of Unionism. 
AMiat is the object of present-day 
unionism? Briefly expressed, "The high- 
est possible improvement of the working- 
man's condition, financially, intellectually, 
socially, morally, until the ideal is reach- 
ed, viz., complete independence of the 
capitalist." The condition of the work- 
ing man is far from desirable. It is in 
many instances most deplorable. The 
working man is losing his individuality. 
There is a hostile feeling in the heart of 
the laborer toward his employer, and the 
latter considers the former a being of in- 
ferior order, created to serve him. Among 
themselves the working men are often 
at odds. The industrial world is at war. 
The labor movement seeks to bring about 
a state of things wherein this shall be 
changed for the better. It strives to 
lessen the hours of labor, that the work- 
man may obtain sufficient leisure in 
which to develop his social, moral and 
intellectual faculties ; to increase the wag'e 
(as long as the wage-system lasts), that 
it may be adequate to the requirements 
of life in its many phases and modern 
conditions, and equivalent to the time, 
labor and ability expended — a living 
wage, giving the working man his share 
of the product of his work ; to provide 
work for all the unemployed ; to obtain 
for the working man that recognition and 
standing in society to which as wealth- 
producer and laborer he is entitled ; to 
save the laborer's individuality ; to in- 
still courage, manhood, independence, 
fraternity and the love for the good and 
the true, and to promote knowledge, hon- 
esty and integrity among the laboring 
classes. It aims at intelligent workmen 
and perfect workmanship in all the 
branches of labor and trades ; to reduce 
the evil side of competition between 
wage-earners to the minimum ; to recon- 
cile laborers and capitalists, bring about 

June, 1906. 




a mutual understanding and apprecia- 
tion and co-operation, avoid conflicts be- 
tween workers and employers and pro- 
mote industrial peace the world over; to 
bring labor and capital together, i. e. 
raise the workingman to the height of 
self-employment (which is co-ordinate 
with self-government), give him the 
product of his labor — the wealth which 
he helps to produce — to own and enjoy 
to the full, so that he may gain and 
share in the honors of the age of enlight- 
enment and civilization in which we now 
live. Complete independence, in econ- 
omics as in politics — which means the 
abolition, of the wage-system — is the ulti- 
mate aim of unionism. Nobody may gov- 
ern a country without the consent of the 
governed. It is equally a self-evident 
truth that no one may govern an indus- 
try without the consent of its people. 

The labor movement is governed by 
these principles: All men are essentially 
equals, for God is Father of all and we 
are brothers. Capital and labor are prim- 
arily and truly but equivalents Of each 
other. All mankind has an undeniable 
right to that produced by all. The state 
of things in the industrial world as it is 
at the present time is anomalous. It de- 
volves upon the zvorking man to struggle 

for the possession of that to which he is 
entitled. As he can do nothing single- 
handed, he must organize. 

Ways and means of unionism are: 
Organization of all laborers of every 
branch of industry ; conciliation and arbi- 
tration ; regulation of wages, hours and 
the apprentice system ; campaigns of 
education ; procuring the passage of laws 
relative to labor matters ; strike, boycott, 
picketing; the creation of a demand for 
union goods and union men, to the ex- 
clusion of all else. The union card, but- 
ton and trade-mark or label are indis- 
pensable. The raising of funds is an 
important item, as are certain benevolent 

The Trade and Labor Council of 
Grand Rapids, Mich., if present here, 
would vouch for the truthfulness of what 
has been said regarding the objects, prin- 
ciples and ways and means of the labor 
movement. This and much more was 
read at a meeting of the aforesaid coun- 
cil, and by a unanimous rising vote was 
approved as being as objective and true 
a representation as one of its own mem- 
bers could have given. The labor agita- 
tion is a very important one and apt to 
be misjudged; and in fact is much abused 
by those who unthinkingly take its mis- 
takes to be the index of its character and 
aims, and the foolish utterances of some 
of its would-be prophets as the official 
declaration of its principles. Every great 
movement is liable to be misinterpreted 
and adversely criticised through lack of 
information and appreciation. 

The Christian's Duty. 

The Christian's duty with respect to 
the present-day labor movement: The 
conviction underlying the wording of the 
subject is that the Christian has an obli- 
gation in this matter of unionism. I 
shall endeavor to set forth what' it is, 
together with the reason of it. Allow 
me first to state that the term Christian 
is used to include every one who bears 
this name confessedly, whether he be 
employer or employe, capitalist or la- 
borer, magistrate or subject, professional 
or non-professional, pastor or layman, 
etc. Not all that is to be said will be 
applicable to all in the same manner or 
measure, however. 'T speak as to wise 


June. 1906. 

men; judge ye what I say." I. Cor. 

The hrst thing- to be mentioned is : 
The Christian should interest himself in 
this matter and be posted. It is a very 
important phenomenon, this unionism, 
one of unhmited possibiUties, bound to 
leave an impression upon the world, to 
\aAc a foremost place among the move- 
ments of this country. No man can afford 
to be indifferent as to it. Least of all 
should a Christian be lacking in hearty 
interest. If anybody must needs be in- 
terested, it is he who is named after our 
Prophet, Priest and King. This interest 
should manifest itself in efforts to be well 
posted. The union agitation has its prin- 
ciples, objects, ways and means, organiza- 
tions, rules and regulations, history, offi- 
cial press, representatives, etc. One can 
become informed as to these. Books, 
pamphlets, periodicals and tracts are pub- 
lished and put on the market. Lectures 
are being given in many places, on dif- 
ferent phases of this matter. Besides, 
the officers of the unions are generally 
prepared to give information; at least a 
certain amount of it. Not everything is 
told in every case. Neither can you de- 
pend always on the information imparted. 
Assertions have been made, as well as 
denials, which were not true. But if one 
makes a study of labor unionism, he can 
attain to sufficient knowledge of it to 
judge intelligently. This study should in- 
clude newspaper accounts of the public 
behavior of the unions and their leaders. 
Strikes, lockouts, boycotts and the like 
happenings in the industrial world, if 
well considered, will do much toward 
enlightening our understanding upon this 
matter. It costs money and time to ar- 
rive at a fair knowledge of and to keep 
in touch with the movement, but it is 
worth all it costs. The outlay of money 
is not so great that it need deter any one 
living in our cities, for the public libraries 
furnish us with books free of charge. 
Add to this a periodical or two (as the 
''American Federationist," for instance, 
and som.e local union publication), and 
one will hardly feel the cost in dollars. 
Besides, many a union is free with its 
printed rules and constitution, and they 
are text-books of unionism. There you 

feel its heart beat. There you will see 
its virtues set before you, but also its 
defects and vices. Study the constitu- 
tions. They are the principles applied. 

While studying, the Christian should 
zveigh it all in the balance of the infal- 
lible Word of God, through sanctified 
reason. The Bible gives the principles 
which should govern the life of every 
man blessed with it. There are the laws 
to which the whole of life and every 
manifestation of life must render obedi- 
ence. The Creator of life in all its phases 
and conditions is also the Law-giver of 
it. Every life has its law. Every or- 
ganization is held to certain regulations. 
The general principles governing organ- 
izations among men are enunciated in the 
Word of God. And God has created us 
rational beings, and given the Christian 
the Spirit of wisdom and understanding 
in order that we may prove what is the 
acceptable will of God in every given 
case. Those general principles we should 
know and apply to unionism and the 
unions. Not all can advance equally far 
in the understanding and judging, but all 
should endeavor to be somewhat inform- 
ed. And especially should this matter 
receive the earnest and diligent attention 
of the pastors. They are the guides of 
their people. And these people are large- 
ly laborers either with the hand or with 
the head, manual or mental working men 
and women. How shall they guide if not 
well informed? It will not do to advise 
on the strength of a subjective opinion, 
a rumor or a passing acquaintance. . I 
am afraid that many a pastor has been 
negligent in this matter and a blind guide 
of the blind. Need it astonish us then 
if we notice that many a Christian knows 
nothing definitely, or next to this, about 
the labor movement, and that many are 
predisposed and others prejudiced with 
respect to it? 

Furthermore, and this refers to the 
working man particularly, the Christian 
should identify himself zvith the move- 
ment. I do not say,- join the union. That 
might be a very unchristian attitude and 
the reverse of doing one's duty. No ; I 
say, identify himself with the movement. 
It is not enough that Christian working- 
people take an interest in the union ques- 

June, 1906. 



tion and study the situation. They must 
take an active part in the movement as 
far as possible. Let me repeat it, as far 
as possible. One can naturally be more 
active here than his friend. Age and 
other conditions must be considered. No 
Christian, unless absolutely prevented, 
may be but a passive spectator. He must 
take his part of the work the labor move- 
ment would and must accomplish upon 
his shoulders and attempt to do it through 
the grace of God ; every one in the posi- 
tion in which God's providence has 
placed him. 

Let me now take the term Christian 
in a collective sense as if it referred to 
all Christians embodied in one Christian, 
and then say that the Christian must take 
the foremost place in this agitation. He 
must not be a more or less blind follower, 
but the leader. His influence must shape 
the course of this movement. He must 
cut out its bed and endeavor to have it 
flow in the channel thus provided for it. 
By the power of his word, the effect of 
his conversation in and out of the nar- 
rower industrial world, by the persuasive 
force of his reasoning, he should as far as 
possible control the policy and workings 
of the labor union. 

Must Conform to the Bible. 

And, let me say further, that the shap- 
ing of the course of this movement must 
be according to the eternal principles of 
God's Word, the Bible. That Book must 
be the Christian's rule of life and con- 
duct in this matter as in every other. It 
will be necessary that I here enter into 
details somewhat, at least to enumerate 
what I hold to be the points upon which 
the Bible expresses itself and lays down 
the law. Without quoting texts, because 
time is so short : The first law which the 
Christian must obey and enforce is : Thou 
shalt acknowledge the absolute sovereign- 
ty of God in the industrial World. God is 
the absolute potentate of the whole uni- 
verse. There is no sphere of human ac- 
tivity wherein He is not the Pow- 
er that rules, whose will is abso- 
lute law. No department of life 
or its activity is neutral. No one is 
exempt from this rule; it is immaterial 
where or what or how he may be. God 
is the Law-giver of all, and that includes 

the organizations of labor. They, too, 
must do His will, and that voluntarily. 
The Christian must make it the great 
aim of his efforts in the labor movement 
to have this absolute sovereignty of the 
Most High acknowledged in the consti- 
tution and lived up to in the practical life 
of the union. The union is not and must 
not become a religious body ; but it must 
confess the absolute kingship of God and 
honor this everywhere. That is the 
Christian's union. 

Furthermore, the Christian must in- 
sist that the principle be adopted and 
stated that there is a Godgiven authority 
among men. The Lord never can rele- 
gate His authority to any other being, 
of whatever nature it may be ; because 
that would be the annihilation of Him- 
self, which is an impossibility. What 
He, however, has done and still does is 
to appoint man as the exerciser of a por- 
tion of His authority over a particular 
sphere of life. These are thereby exalt- 
ed to be God's representatives. His vice- 
gerents, governing under Him. The first 
example of such derived authority is 
found in the marriage relation. The hus- 
band rules in love over the wife. The 
parent is a yet clearer example of this 
vicegerency. Father and mother are 
king and queen in the domain of the fam- 
ily — God's representatives there. Then 
there is the political vicegerent of God, 
the ruler of the country, immaterial 
whether he be born to the crown or elect- 
ed to the chair. So, too, there is a God- 
given authority in the sphere of labor. 
It is vested in the employer. He is the 
commander in his shop, store, etc. His 
will is the law which the employes must 
obey or suffer the consequences of dis- 
obedience. This authority is not derived 
from the employes ; it is not the result 
of a contract, hut the appointmeut of 
God. The employer is the Great King's 
representative in his business. This prin- 
ciple should be declared by the union to 
which the Christian belongs, and should 
be conscientiously lived out. 

Another object the Christian should 
seek to gain, in taking an active part in 
the labor movement, is the official recog- 
nition of the brotherhood of niau. God 
broueht forth the whole race of man 



June, 1906. 

from one parent. We all salute Adam 
as our father. We are all brothers and 
sisters. Because of this organic crea- 
tion, man is a social, communal being. 
He prefers society and gives preferment 
to living together with his fellowmen, 
over a life all by himself. We all have 
interests in common as well as personal 
interests, and are responsible one for the 
other in so far as God in His providence 
causes our respective patns to run more' 
or less parallel. This community and 
solidarity exists in a very marked man- 
ner in the industrial world. The em- 
ployer and the employes are altogether 
brothers, soHdary and responsible one 
for the other. The industrial world is 
not made up of individuals in no wise 
related to each other, but of members of 
the human family and also members of 
the organism, the industrial world. Let 
me emphasize this truth: The industrial 
world is an organism; every member is 
measurably solidary with the others. 
From this it follo'ws that no one may 
separate these two, employer and em- 
ploye, for that would be disrupting the 
organism ordained by God. These two 
belong and should go together. The one 
is the head, the other the body. And 
upon the harmonious living and working 
of this head and this body depends the 
welfare of the industrial world first, and 
of the whole world in the last instance. 
Xow this principle applied to unionism 
would result in unions of employers and 
employes. These would be labor unions 
indeed ; not the organization of one-half 
of the world of labor, but the gathering 
of the whole into one communion. Such 
a union would be recognition of the truth 
that man is a communal being. This is 
part of the channel into which the Chris- 
tian should endeavor to lead the stream 
of unionism. What a mutual service that 
would be! 

And lastly, it should be the aim of the 
Christian to make this labor movement 
subservient to the kingdom of God. Our 
God is King in a twofold sense : He has 
a natural kingdom, the whole of crea- 
tion; and a spiritual one, the sphere of 
new creation or redemption. Over the 
one He reigns, as pertains to man, 
through the different authorities appoint- 

ed by Him. In the kingdom of His grace 
he exercises His sovereignty through the 
Son of His love, our Savior Jesus Christ. 
This latter kingdom is destined to gather 
all the others into it, to supersede them 
all. To the King of this domain is given 
all authority in heaven and upon earth, 
and all other governments must serve 
Him and His kingdom. And they do, 
too, willingly and wittingly or unwitting- 
ly and unwillingly. To the furtherance 
of this Kingdom of God in the redemp- 
tive sphere, the labor movement must 
hold itself subservient. It must seek to 
further its interests, advance its coming. 
It should avowedly be one of the agencies 
working towards its consummation, 
working together with other agencies of 
God. And as the advancement of the 
church is the coming of the kingdom of 
God, the labor movement should be so 
directed that it may be an advantage to 
the church of Christ. These two should 
co-operate, each in its own sphere, ac- 
cording to its nature. The church is an 
institution in the realm of saving grace 
and the union an organization in the 
sphere of common grace. And each must 
keep its place or confusion will be the 
result, to the detriment of both. But both 
are in this respect so closely allied that 
both should be instrumental in the ex- 
tension of the boundaries of the King- 
dom of God, of Christ, each in its own 
way. And the Christian should see to 
it and insist upon it that the organiza- 
tion of the movement of which he is a 
member be so founded and directed that 
there too he can seek first the kingdom 
of heaven. 

In order to exert such a directive in- 
fluence in the world of labor, the Chris- 
tian must be a man of principle, firm in 
his convictions, resolute, tactful, confi- 
dent and prayerful. Perhaps there is a 
labor organization already existing in his 
community in harmony with the princi- 
ples just laid down. He should identify 
himself with it at his first opportunity, 
no matter whether his temporal welfare 
demands it or not; even if it is to cost 
him more than it will benefit him. Here 
is an opportunity to work together with 
others for the betterment of mankind's 
condition and for the furtherance of the 

June, 1906. 



kingdom of heaven, and he must avail 
himself of it. But if there be no such 
union in his vicinity, he should set about 
the establishment of one. He should ad- 
vise with others of a like mind and to- 
gether they should effect an organiza- 
tion. All Christians are in duty bound 
to favor such direction of the labor move- 
ment and, if already members of unions 
not so constituted or conducted, to effect 
if possible a reorganization along the 
lines laid down, or resign and join the 
better union. By reasoning with his 
fellow laborers, through the press, de- 
bates and many other means the Chris- 
tian's influence in this direction should be 

Why the Christian's Duty. 

Why is this the Christians duty ? Be- 
cause he is a Christian. He is raised up 
by God to be His prophet, priest and 
king in the world everywhere, through 
the Holy Spirit. He must ever represent 
God, proclaim and live His truth, con- 
secrate himself and all he has to his Re- 
deemer and King and be supreme 
through his principles, character and 
activity. He must be a Christian every- 
where. He may not identify himself with 
an organization that is not Christian and 
would hinder him in the service of Christ 
and His kingdom. His religion is not 
for the church only: it must dominate 
his whole life in all its activity. His 
Christianity is not to be put on Sunday 
morning and for occasions of a special 
religious kind ; it is to be worn always. 
His Christianity should not be the pat- 
tern, but the warp and woof of his life. 
And therefore he cannot identify himself 
with a movement unless it be directed 
along Christian lines. Nobody but he 
will so direct it ; so he is holden to do 
so. He is untrue to his anointment with 
the Spirit of Christ if he be negligent in 

The Christian is bound to this also 
because he is hidden to pray. ''Our 
Father, which art in heaven, hallowed be 
Thy Name ; Tliy kingdom come. Thy 
will be done on earth as it is in heaven." 
How can I pray thus unless I carry my- 
self in the industrial world, as every- 
where else, in a manner becoming a child 
of God, showing the character of my 

Father in all I do and am? Can one 
pray : ''Hallowed be Thy Name," while 
identified with, active in, an organiza- 
tion that knows not, cares not for, and 
hallows not, but perhaps dishonors, that 
Name? Pray it acceptably? Who dare 
draw nigh to God in supplication, "Thy 
kingdom come," while his labor union in- 
directly or more directly hinders him as a 
subject of the heavenly King, and is not 
altogether innocent of antagonism against 
that regime of God because its rules and 
practices run counter to the constitution 
of it and oblige a man to do what he 
may not do according to the Word of 
God he swore ever to" obey? Will God 
accept the prayer of him whose union 
cares not for the law and the testimony, 
but is a sufficient law unto itself? 

Allow me to mention just one more 
reason why this is the Christian's duty: 
Because hy his so doing only will the 
desired restdt be obtained. All effort to- 
wards the advancement of the laborers' 
welfare, the emancipation of labor ; every 
movement to this end which leaves God 
out or trespasses His commands, dis- 
joints the organism of society created by 
Him, refuses obedience to the authority 
delegated by Him to man over man, or 
is an obstacle to the coming of the king- 
dom of heaven, is doomed to fail of its 
ultimate object. It may do something, 
much even, in God's overruling provi- 
dence ; but it will not achieve what it sets 
out for and it will, together with the good 
it may further, work much harm. Who- 
ever ignores God or crosses Him is cer- 
tain of being ignored and crossed bv 


To recapitulate: The Christian's duty 
with . respect to the present-day labor 
movement is : study it and be posted as 
to it ; weigh it in the balance of God's 
infallible Word ; identify himself with 
the movement by taking an active part in 
it ; shape the course and the policy of it, 
and that according to the principles enun- 
ciated in the Bible, which are: the abso- 
lute sovereignty of God in the industrial 
world as everywhere ; the delegation of 
the exercise of a portion of His authority 
to man ; the brotherhood of man ; the 
subserviencv of the labor' movement to 



June, 1906. 

the interests of the King-dom of God. 

This comprises the Christian's duty, 
becanse he is a Christian, has been taug'ht 
to pray : "Our Father who art in heaven, 
hallowed be Thy Name; Thy kingdom 
come. Thy will be done in earth as it is 
in heaven." and this alone will bring 
about the desired result — ^the emancipa- 
tion of labor. 

REV. w 



For Year Beginning May i, 1905. 

Dear Friends of the Anti-Secrecy Cause : 
In bringing my report for another 
year I am glad to record that the good- 
ness and blessing 
of God have at- 
tended the efforts 
put forth. The fig- 
ures show results 
equal to those of 
any previous year. 

My constant aim 
has been to magni- 
fy the Christ we 
love. How insig- 
nificant are the 
STODDARD m a n-m a d e reli- 
gions supported by 
the lodges compared with the great, 
world-embracing love manifested in that 
of the blessed Redeemer ! 

That the lodges continue their nefari- 
ous business with unabated zeal is appar- 
ent to all who are enlightened. Not only 
art: the kinds of lodges increased, but 
generally the additions in membership 
ate many. Especially is this true of those 
appealing strongly to appetite and pas- 

I may not here refer to the causes — 
for they are many — for this condition, 
but may say in passing that a general de- 
pravity, added to a laxness on the part of 
many well-informed, is regarded as the 
general cause. "Because iniquity shall 
abound, the love of many shall wax 
cold." — ^latt. 24: 12. Did not iniquity 
blind the eyes and harden the hearts of 
even the wisest and best, the result would 
be different. Who that is wise would 
say, Because the garden is full of weeds, 
I will be idle ; because the house is on 
fire, I will go to sleep ; because the man 

is drowning, I will take a pleasure trip? 
And yet are not men and women acting^ 
on this principle regarding lodge opposi- 
tion? How often persons say to me, I 
know the lodges are a great evil, but they 
are so strong it is useless to oppose them. 
Were the evil small, or more easily over- 
come, we would probably find these 
friends laboring with us ; but because 
the iniquity is abounding, their love be- 
comes cold. 

I do not call attention to this condi- 
tion in order to discourage, or because I 
think our Association has any reason to 
be discouraged, but that we may realize 
the situation and apply ourselves with . 
greater diligence to the work that cries 
for our support. A missionary said : 
'Tt is not a question whether the heathen 
will be saved by our contributions, but 
whether we can be saved and withhold 
our support." 

The figures for the year are as follows : 
Number of anti-secrecy addresses given, 
105; other addresses, 84; approximate 
number of calls made, 2,344; number of 
Cynosure subscriptions taken, 907; 
amount of Cynosure subscriptions, $941 ; 
collectioiis aside from moneys for State 
conventions, $269.19; expenses, traveling 
and incidental, $498.31. 

It has been my privilege during the 
year to address seven synods and confer- 
ences of churches in sympathy with our 
work. I have held conventions in the 
States of Michigan, Iowa, Indiana and 

Several schools have been visited and 
student bodies addressed. Tracts have 
been distributed and newspapers inter- 
viewed. In general, work has been pur- 
sued along lines heretofore proved help- 
ful. The conventions have been worked 
up with auxiliary meetings. The synods 
and conferences have responded in in- 
, creased efforts among the people in sup- 
port of the National Christian Associa- 
tion. Inquiries for literature have been 
many. An awakening to the need is al- 
ways brought about by a presentation of 
the facts. I judge the bright side of this 
cause is being brought forward by the 
dark side of the lodges. Their ever-in- 
creasing folly disgusts some and leads 
some who have been indifferent to see 

June, 1906. 



the need of the anti-secrecy work. In a 
town I have in mind there is a strong 
church that has always borne testimony 
with us, but is now calHng for N. C. A. 
aid in lecture and convention, and why? 
Some of the minor orders have recently 
set up their altars. This people is awake 
to the need, and ere the iniquity abounds 
they would save the young from the 

In the revisitation of cities and towns 
where the seed has been previously sown, 
I realize the largest results. Those who 
have received blessing through N. C. A. 
work have friends they wish helped. 
The Cynosure list is thus enlarged. The 
interest naturally increases with a knowl- 
edge of the work. The great need of 
more consecrated, efficient laborers is 
ever before us. All over the country 
there are churches and individuals look- 
ing for the right man to help withstand 
this iniquity which has truly ''come in 
like a flood." Cannot some plan be de- 
vised to secure the service of those who 
will come to the help of the Lord against 
the mighty ? 

It has been my endeavor always to 
face the sunrise, believing we get much 
of what we look for in life. That our 
lives may shine for Jesus, we must keep 
Him within. We must look upon the 
darkness only that we may bring the 
light. He who is life and light, "the way, 
the truth and the light," is with us, and 
as an association we may gladly move 
forward, assured of a final glorious vic- 
tory. W. B. Stoddard. 


Your committee on memorials would 
respectfully report: 

The number of N. C. A. friends and 
supporters who have been called from the 
labors of earth to their eternal rewards 
during the year past seems to be excep- 
tionally many. God is thus reminding 
that our period of labor here is brief and 
that we should "work while it is day, for 
soon the night of death cometh." 

Samuel Collins, D. D., died at his home 
in Allegheny, Pa. He was a corporate 
member of our association — one of its 
founders, an officer for years, a pastor of 
much ability, high in the esteem of his 

brother ministers, who often sought him 
in council. 

James Caldwell died at Hickory, Pa., 
at an advanced age. He was an elder in 
the United Presbyterian Church, a hum- 
ble, devoted Christian. 

A. J. Bailey, D. D., died at Mt. Jack- 
son, Pa., after a long pastorate in the 
United Presbyterian Church. He was a 
reform worker, a man who loved righte- 
ousness and hated iniquity. 

James Killough died near Morning 
Sun, Iowa. He was much interested in 
N. C. A. work, traveling much and con- 
tributing of his means in support of the 

John T. Morton died in Allegheny, Pa. 
He was a trusted official of the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church. His love for 
righteousness and anxiety for the church 
were matter of note. 

Elder F. Balshaugh died at his home 
near Hockersville, Pa. He was much 
loved by brethren of the Union Christian 
Church, who looked to him as their lead- 
er in spiritual things. 

David Heston died at Frankford, Pa., 
an honored member of the Friends meet- 
ing. He had an aversion for display, and 
an abhorrence for lodge oaths. 

Richard Randolph died in Philadel- 
phia, Pa. He was of a quiet, retiring dis- 
position, and little known outside of the 
Society of Friends, with whom he was 

Robert Bull died at a very advanced 
age at his home in Cedarville,' Ohio. He 
loved Christ and the church. His inter- 
est in reform grew with advancing years. 

Robert Ervin is among those but re- 
cently called. No one who knew him 
questioned his Christian integritv. He 
loved the work of the Master and was 
ever willing to sacrifice for principle. 

O. C. Blanchard was gathered as a 
shock of corn fully ripe. His reform 
principles were well known to those with 
whom he associated at his late home, 
Ironton, Wis. 

Fred J. T. Fischer, M. D., during the 
practice of his chosen profession in Elm- 
hurst, 111., endeared himself to thousands 
who looked to him for counsel in the 
most trying times of life. We miss him, 
but believe our loss is his eternal gain. 

\\'e notice the obituar}' notices of Mrs. 



June, 1906. 

Eliza H. Candee, L. B. Lathrop, Miss 
S. E. Alorrow, Airs. L. B. Oliphant, Mrs. 
John A. Paulson, Rev. Woodruff Post, 
Pastor H. J. Sieker and Rev. J. D. Sever- 
inghaus, D. D., which have appeared in 
the Christian Cynosure. All these, with 
many whose names do not now come to 
our minds, have been faithful witnesses 
to the truth as opposed to the secret lodge 
system. God grant that the seeds of 
righteousness they have been enabled to 
sow while on earth may spring forth in 
fruit even a hundred-fold. 
E. Breen, 
Nora E. Kellogg, 
Sam'l H. Swartz, 



Whereas, God in His all-wise provi- 
dence has raised up those who have sup- 
ported and carried forward the work of 
the National Christian Association from 
its inception to the present day ; and 

Whereas, There never was a time 
w^hen there was greater need for an or- 
ganization such as ours, combining as it 
does Christians of the various church de- 
nominations in a united effort to rid this 
and other lands of the destructive power 
of the secret lodge system ; therefore 

Resolved, I., We unite in thanking God 
for the many godly men and women He 
has enabled us to enlist, for the much 
good accomplished, and for the divine 
blessing so continually felt in our efforts 
in this great cause. 

Resolved, H., We look with hope to 
the future, believing that the number of 
Christians and Christian churches who 
will stand with us, and give this work 
support, is to be increased as the need 
becomes more manifest. 

Resolved, HI., We believe the lodge 
powder in this country is weakened. 
While it is undoubtedly true that the 
number of lodge organizations, with 
their millions of members, was never 
greater than to-day, it is also true that 
the seeds of their own destruction are 
growing within them, and they are weak- 
ening as the conscience of the best mem- 
bers asserts itself. Thousands are de- 

Resolved, IV, We will, with divine 

help, do more in the year to come than 
in the year past, in the contribution of 
means, the circulation of literature, the 
holding of meetings and in the general 
holding up of the banner of King Em- 
manuel as He leads to victory against the 
powers of the darkness of this world. 
Wm. B. Rose, 
Robert Clarke, 
, W. B. Stoddard, 


From May i, 1905, to April 30, 1906. 

Real estate : 

Carpenter Building $15,000.00 

Minnesota 1,200.00 

Bills receivable — General 

Annuity Fund $ 6,164.39 

Merchandise on hand — coal, 

etc. . 73.25 

Subscriptions due on Cynosure 376.72 

Cynosure inventory 2,000.00 

.Books in stock 843-75 

W. H. Fischer, Trustee 9.380.00 

Fixtures 319.20 

Publishing material 783.60 

Reference library 266.35 

Nebraska Annuity Fund .... 383.96 

Tracts in stock 567.54 

Martin land contract 2,027.77 

Dawson farm interest 5,000.00 

Personal accounts due 286.71 

Postage stamps on hand 20.80 

Cash on hand May i, 1906. 203.89 

: ;. : A - $44,897.93 


Annuities : 

Capwell $ 178.89 

Johnson 100.00 

Ohio 1,000.00 

New York 1,200.00 

Michigan 300.00 

Woodward 50.00 

' $ 2,828.89 

Sundry funds : 

Cynosure Extension $ 31.64 

Michigan State 6.00 

June, 1906. 



Ohio Endowment i,i6>o.oo 

Pennsylvania Endowment . . . loo.oo 

Milton • 1,299.50 

Chicago Theological Seminary 10.80 

$ 2,607.94 
Personal accounts payable. ... 112.21 
Cynosure subscriptions paid in 

advance 750-82 

Capital account (consists of 
Eastern Endowment Fund, 
General Endowment Fund, 
Carpenter Building, publish- 
ing material, etc 38,598.07 



1905, May I, N. C. A. capital 
account $37,761.02 

1906, April 30, loss and gain, 


May I, 1906. 


To the National Christian Association : 

The undersigned, auditors of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, have exam- 
ined the books of your treasurer, W. I. 
Phillips, up to April 30, 1906, inclusive, 
and find that they are correctly kept, and 
that there are vouchers for all expendi- 
tures, the vouchers and footings of the 
Cash Book having been examined by W. 
B. Rose, at request of the Finance Com- 
mittee. We also find that securities are 
on hand as stated in the annual report of 
the treasurer. 

We have also examined the report of 
Wm. H. Fischer, Trustee of Annuity 
Funds, and find the same to be correct 
and in accordance with the books of the 

E. Whipple, 

J. M. Hitchcock, 

J. C. Brodfuhrer, 



Your committee on field work recom- 
mend the continuance of tract work as 
being very important; also the use of 

sample copies of the Christian Cynosure 
in reaching ministers, teachers and oth- 
ers, as has been done during the past 
year. Your committee further recom- 
mend that, if possible, more lecturers be 
put in the field. The committee realize 
that this largely depends on the contribu- 
tions which the friends of the cause shall 
make for the purpose, and that it is a 
very expensive way of advancing the re- 
form, but that it also is a very important 
and much-needed kind of work. 

We would recommend that the Board 
of Directors plan to supply the religious 
press, especially, regularly with short, 
important items on the reform. We 
think that much more information may 
thus be given to the general public. 

We recognize the need which pastors 
feel for definite information as to the 
constitution, obligations, etc., of the sev- 
eral hundred of secret societies that now 
cover the land, and we recommend that 
the Board of Directors secure, if possi- 
ble, a full and complete equipment along 
this line, upon which pastors may draw 
as their needs arise. 

J. Groen, . 

George W^indle, 
W. I. Phillips, 
, - . Committee. 


AND Missionary advocate 

Monthly, $1.00 Per Year. Sample Copies Free 

REV. W. A. McELPHATRICK, B. D., Associate 

(With corps of able contributors.) 

"The Herald" is devoted to the subjects of 
Holiness, the Life of Faith, Study of Prophetic 
Truth, Brief Notice of World-Problems, the S. 
S. Lessons, and Missionary Information. 

Bach issue contains a sermon on some phase 
of Experimental or Eipositional Truth. 

A series of articles now being published on 
"The Book of Revelation." 

A special department for Ministers on "Min- 
isterial and Homiletical Notes." 


3 Months 10c; 6 Months 2Sc; 1 Year 50c 

Send us list of names for sample copies. 




June, 1906. 


REV. E. SP, GOODWIN, 2). 2), 

Late Pastor First Congre- 
gational Churchf Chicago 

Why, the very claims that put Masonry back into antiquity, if they are to be granted, would 
only prove it heathenish. 

A. J. GORDON, D. D. 

Late Pastor Clarendon Street 
Baptist ■ Church, Boston 

The heart cannot be halved^ and he who attempts to love the church of God with one 
hemisphere of his heart, and the secret society with the other, will speedily find that he is very 
much more of a lodgeman than a churchman. 


Late Editor of 
The Free Methodist 

For us to keep silent respecting Masonry, and thus tacitly 
endorse the idea that a man can both accept Christ and deny 
Him — that is, be a good Mason and a good Christian at the 
same time — would be treason to Christ. 


From an address deli'v- 
ered in Boston in t889 

The multitude of secret societies is something wonderful. 
It would be easier to take the census of the frogs in Egypt, 
or the lice on the persons of Pharaoh's people. 

They tell us to spare this or that secret order, but it will 
not do. They are all organized on a false basis of morality, and our eye must not spare, any 
more than did Samuel when he slew Agag. 


Vice-President Swedish 
Lutheran Augustana Synod 

From personal observation, as well as from authors on ihe secret lodge system, I have more 
and more come to the conclusion that the principles underlying the secret orders, and operating 
therein, are radically different from the principles laid down in the Word of God, and governing 
true Christianity. Faith, hope and charity in the secret societies are not the true Christian faith, 
hope and charity. 

REV. P. S. HENS ON, D. D. 

Castor Baptist 
Church, Boston 

Secret political organizations are utterly foreign to the 
genius of our free American institutions. Whatever plea 
may be made for their necessity under despotic governments, 
where free speech is throttled and death is the penalty of 
attempting reform, surely there can be no excuse for such 
secret oath-bound cabals in a republic like ours, where the 
people are the sovereigns and every man has absolute liberty 
of political action. * * * 

Wt are often told in vaunting speech of the illustrious 
names that have given their sanction to secret societies. 
No matter for that — the name of Jesus is above every name, 
and His name is recorded in reprobation of them. 



June, I'JOtJ. 




Oberlin, Ohio, April 23, 1906. 

I am 92 years old and my hearing is 
very imperfect, and I am liable to be ut- 
terly useless in a public assembly. I am 
getting staggery in my walk, and my 
material frame is weak and unreliable. 
I must not undertake such a responsible 

I have been interested from my youth 
up in putting an end to oath-bound se- 
cret combinations. It is simply Satan's 
machine for upholding wrong. '1 must 
stand up for sinful men and their deeds 
because I have sworn to defend them. 
My oath makes it all right." Such is the 
devil's logic. But I must close. As ever 
vours, (Rev.) S. F. Porter. 

Oshkosh, Wis., April 27, 1906. 
Your letter to my mother, Mrs. Ema- 
line Griffin, received, but found her un- 
able to answer it personally. She has 
been confined to her bed for the past 
twenty weeks. Not long since in speak- 
ing of the National Christian Associa- 
tion she said she had some things to re- 
gret, but she did not regret ever putting 
what she did into the anti-secrecy work. 
It was only a small sum, but it was the 
best she could do, and as long as she 
could utter a prayer she would pray for 
the work. She has been a very patient 
sufferer and is anxiously looking and 
longing for the end, which I think is not 
far off. Sincerely yours, 

Mrs. S. Alexander. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
I am glad to hear from you again, and 
that you are still pushing the battle. I 
would be pleased to meet with the old 
warhorses on May 9, but circumstances 
will not permit. 

(Rev.) I. R. B. Arnold. 

Waupun, Wis., April 27, 1906. 

It is a pleasure to receive notice of 
the convention. I am not forgotten, and 
am not entirely useless. 

I know that God cares for all his chil- 
dren ; though leading them through se- 
vere trials, He still bears them lovingly in 
His arms, and through the smoke and 
fire and sins of earth they shall yet give 
the glad shout of victory — victory ! 

I wish I could, but I cannot, attend.' 
I will abide my Heavenly Father's will. 
I do trust in Him for myself and for the 
prosperity of the true Zion. 

Yours for an unconquerable faith and 
trust in a faithful God. 

It does not tire our Heavenly Father 
when we do not cease praying, any more 
than it does the sun when we step into 
its rays for warmth and comfort. 

When the convention is in session you 
will be praying to the same God that I 
am. Though not seen by each other, God 
is looking on us all. . 

(Mrs.) Lydl\ C. Andrews. 

Morenci, Mich., April 30, 1906. 
Most gladly should I attend that hon- 
orable convocation of true lovers of 
truth. The sainted King David said, "I 
hate every false way." We cannot find 
the man who professes to love any ''false 
way." All profess to love all truth, and 
hate falsehood, duplicity and deceit. Yet 
one of the most voluminous Masonic 
writers plainly declares that their craft 
is a system of symbols which declare one 
thing to the senses and another to the 
understanding. Can such a system dwell 
ill the affections of men who "hate ev- 
ery false way ?" Never! Lovers of such 
a system cannot love our only Savior, 
who "hates every false way." Are there 
any such systems in Heaven ? The lodge 
system is, according to Master Morris, a 
system of duplicity. Is Heaven the home 
of deception? No Christian thinks so. 
Can the lovers of lodgeism love the prin- 
ciples which pervade and sweeten all 
hearts in Heaven? Never, so long as 
truth and falsehood continue in deadly 
antagonism as they now are. Never, so 
long as God is love, and a lover of truth, 
"hating every false way." Any system 
that confesses itself a double-faced con- 
cern, as Master Morris confesses Ma- 
sonry to be, must necessarily be hypo- 
critical and framed for purposes of du- 
plicity. (Elder) J. K. Alwood. • 

Sparta, 111., April 23, 1906. 
My interest in the cause never flags, 
but as time passes I am more and more 
convinced the public will never be per- 
suaded of the evils of secrecv till thev 



June, 1900. 

are revealed in blood. Selfishness is nur- 
tured bv secrecy. This is the craft of 
every man that designs to get the better 
of his neighbor. I expect, however, that 
associated secrecy will cut out its own 
\ itals. The unions are so multiplied that 
they will soon be destroyed by each other. 
\A'> can but be witnesses. God himself 
will provide that secrecy shall dig the pit 
for its own overthrow. 
'The Lord is by the judgment known 

which He himself hath wrought: 
The wicked hands do make the snares 

wherewith themselves are caught." 
(Rev.) D. S. Paris. 

Boston, Mass., May 3, 1906. 

It is my earnest desire that the coming 
Annual Meeting may mark a new era in 
our reform. I received a cordial invi- 
tation to attend the annual banquet of 
the Sigma Chi Fraternity here in Boston. 
I wrote the secretary declining, because 
I was opposed to college fraternities. He 
replied, asking me to state fully my ob- 
jections to college Greek fraternities. 
This I have done, for their magazine. 

The battle is on. Yours fraternally, 
(Rev.) J. M. Foster. 

April 26, 1906. 
You may say to the members who do 
attend that I see no occasion to lay down 
the weapons of my warfare against the 
system, of oath-bound or pledge-bound 
secretism. I believe the whole system to 
be morally wrong. It is based on selfish- 
ness and operated for selfish ends. It 
requires what no man has a right to grant 
— a pledge to keep secret things the na- 
ture of which is not known, and to fol- 
low unknown leaders. Some of the or- 
ders are positively anti-Christian and at 
least semi-pagan in character. Every 
good end which any of them profess to 
seek can be attained as well without the 
feature of pledged secrecy, and that fea- 
ture itself is a ground of suspicion. I re- 
gard the whole system as inimical to the 
\.;sz interests of both church and state. 

(Rev.) AVilson T. Hogue, 
General Superintendent Free Methodist 
Church. ' . 

faction than to be there and show by my 
presence, if in no other way, my interest 
in the work of the National Christian As- 
sociation. I am more than ever persuad- 
ed that those who are identified with that 
work have "the mind of Christ" and are 
keeping step with Him. 

(Rev.) Newton Wray. 

Mansfield, Ohio, April 25, 1906. 
I know I cannot be in Chicago and do 
my duty here. My congregation has 
passed the 1,500 mark of communicants, 
and God has greatly blessed my ministry 
here since I more fearlessly than ever 
strike at every evil, not excluding lodges. 
I hope the day will soon come when all 
Christian ministers will open their eyes 
and see the devil-worship of the lodges, 
and lead the people in the open truth of 
Jesus Christ. May God bless you all is 
mv praver. Fraternally, 

(RevO S. p. Long. 

Beaver Falls, Pa., April 30, 1906. 
I regret that your Annual Meeting 
comes at a time when I am usually un- 
able to be with you. I would like to at- 
tend the Annual Meeting of the Associa- 
tion, for I can assure you that there is 
not a feeling in my nature that is not 
against the plans and processes of the se- 
cret fraternity. Whatever of good may 
be supposed to be in them ought to be 
brought out into the open daylight, like 
Christianity, and not be carried on be- 
hind closed doors and in secret conclaves. 
It is a pity that so many men have such 
narrow view^s of Christian philanthropy, 
and what is yet to be the glory of the 
world — a Christian brotherhood. Wish- 
ing you much success in your meeting, 
I am, vours fraternallv, 

(Rev. Dr.) H. H. George, 
Field Secretary, National Reform Asso- 

Shelbyville, Ind., April 25, 1906.^ 
Nothing would aflford me more satis- 

Covington. Ohio, April 24, 1906. 
I trust that divine wisdom will guide 
you in the arduous struggles of the busi- 
ness of the meeting. As far as I have ob- 
served, the efforts of the Association for 
the past year have been along right lines 
and there has been progress made. There 
are a number of religious societies w^ho 
make non-afiiliation with secret societies 

Jrine. 1906. 


:::;.r- v^ :r:- ::.^- lo secure :;v r 

C'l^-'-'pcraiion m ihe »vork of the Assoc.a- 
tion. The presence of so many secret so- 
cieties is the great hindrance of the work 
of these societies in our cities. These so- 
cieties, these churches, should be shown 
that the Christian Association, with her 
efficient corps of workers, can render 
them ofttimes efficient service in over- 
coming a ver}' leading hindrance to their 
work in cities. The rum power is to be 
deplored for its ruinous work upon 
homes and its ravaging influence on so- 
detv -; but to me lodge power, with her 
idolatrous religion, is deserving of even 
greater fears, as it deals with a class of 
hieher intellectual attainments and of 

T. T. R,:sz::2z?.:zR 

Berne, Ind., x\pril 30, 1906. 
To the Annual Meeting of the X. C. A. : 

Dear rrier-is — Since we live in a "Irr.t 

01 IcGcratiOIiS. it would glVc tile c^usc 

prestige if all the denominations who op- 
pose the lodge could be represented at 
the meeting, and also at the State con- 
ventions. I wish, therefore, if the State 

c'-nverLtion of Indiana wi'l be held in 
lz::\z. :'.\i: ::;r lineren: ien:n:inations 
::■:.'. : ': r : t; resented. 

'.'• :-^\.:_ you God's g^i lance ani His 
rich blessings for the work, I remain 
vnilv vours. tRzv."> S. F. Sprungzr. 

Ti:e Utah Gospel Mission, 

Qeveland, Ohio, Aprn 2^, 19C0. 

If I have any suggestion "for the g<X)d 
of the order." it would be that an attempt 
be made to secure the publication of oc- 
casional articles in the general religious 
press, and in the sectilar press also, if 
possible. These should be moderate and 
reasonable in tone, because too radical 
statements repel rather than attract to 
careful consideration. 

I am persuaded that this is the right 
line of procedure in any effort to influ- 
ence humanit}-. The poHtician and the 
business man find it so; the minister is 
most successful who can use it most 
wisely under God. and "come now, let us 
reason together"'" is in God'"s own Word. 
The acceptance of the articles prepared 

r : ssession of this character, as well as 
v. ould also the influence of those which 
were printed. Is it not to be hoped that 
a number of such articles would be ac- 
cepted, at least in leading religious pa- 
pers, and that thus many would be led 
to think on this subject who would never 
be reached at all through our regular 
channels? If \sTitten by well-known 
men who have not become known as the 
special antagonists of secret s«jcieties. the 
articles would be all the more likely to 
be printed and would perhaps have all 
the more weight with those who read 

then:, r ratemallv 
. Rzv. ' 


St. Peter. H^Iinn., April 24, 1906. 
Your notice of and invitation to attend 
the annual meeting of the X. C. A. May 
9 has been difly received, and in reply 
win say that I will be unable to attend 
the convention, as I cann:: scare the 
time. But I am heartily in sympathy 
with you in your great and noble work 
in rescuing as miany of our pei-ple as 
possible from, the b-jndage of oath-t>jund, 
anti-Christian :r::in:aa:i:ns. Your bat- 
tle against the aln::s: : n :;: •.:':;- -a Ve hosts 
urah"- : :i one. 

01 secretists '.vn. 

i c: 

: e won over lor cnnst an a _- : s .-nnz: a : m.. 
hence it is a glorious hg:h:. May the 
Lord enlighten, guide and strengthen the 

Association and enable it to re-- "en 

— yea, an hundred- fold more :^n 

ever befare. 

'Rev.^ L. G. Almen, 
President Board of Directors of Gustavus 
Adolphus Colleee. 

Mechanics \'alley, Pa., April 2S, 1906. 

I thought when I Hved South, in \'ir- 
ginia, that no other section of the whole 
land could exceed those parts in the 
abimdance and variet}- of secret orders, 
but have learned by living here that 
Pennsylvania is equally proline. There 
are upwards of twent\- diflerent l<>dges 
of various kinds in a town of 3,500 in- 
habitants. I preach regularly and. ar. in 
even.- place in which I have ministered 
in His name, I have here testified asrair^t 



June, 1906. 

the lodge. Until the devil is bound I do 
not look for much decrease in the num- 
ber of victims of the lodge, but I expect 
to bear true testimony until I go, or the 
Lord comes. 

(Rev.) Chas. H. Abbott. 

Hebron, Porter Co., Ind., May 2, 1906. 

I feel that I cannot go, and as for 
writing anything readable, I very much 
doubt. But if money will do any good, 
I give rt freely. Inclosed find two dol- 
lars for the benefit of the Association. 
May God bless the convention and make 
it the means of doing much good. 

(Mrs.) Ann Richards. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., May i, 1906. 

In response to your letter of recent 
date, sent to the pastor of our church in 
care of S. S. Postma, we wish to say that 
although we will be unable to attend the 
meeting of your Association, we are in 
hearty sympathy with your work in re- 
gard to opposing secret societies. Mem- 
bership in these and membership in the 
militant church here on earth exclude 
each other, according to our opinion, 
standing on a Biblical foundation. 

May the Lord of us all, the Head of 
the church, bless you most abundantly 
in your efforts to combat everything that 
stands in the way of the welfare and 
coming of the kingdom of God. 

With brotherly love, the Christian Re- 
formed Church of Coldbrook, of which 
Rev. L. J. Hulst is pastor and Bro. Post- 
ma one of the elders. N. Silvius. 

Wheaton, 111., April 25, 1906. 
I am in hearty accord with you and 
the men who will represent you at the 
convention on the lodge question. This 
w^orld needs men who can and will stand 
on their own merit and not on any lodge 
pull. Promotion, worthy the name, should 
have for its basis, indeed can have, only 
genuine worth, not some secret grip or 
password. Men need to come in touch 
with Jesus Christ if they would be saved 
and He is not to be found in the lodge. 

J. P. Shaw. 

formerly and rather increases as I come 
to know more of the evils of the lodge. 
I can have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness. 

Samuel A. Pratt. 

Worcester, Mass., April 24, 1906. 
Mv interest in the cause is as great as 

Letters were received from the follow- 
ing members of the Association: F. A. 
Noe, Marengo, Ohio; Rev. Wm. Wish- 
art, Allegheny, Pa.; Mrs. Mary C. 
Baker, Knoxville, Tenn. ; Eld. Joel H. 
Austin, Goshen, Ind. ; J. W. Suidter, 
Sharon, Wis. ; Mrs. Sarah R. Dawson, 
Beach, Richland Co., Wis. ; Mrs. Ema- 
line Griffin, Oshkosh, Wis.; Rev. I. R. 

B. Arnold, Cleveland, Ohio; Mrs. Lydia 

C. Andrews, Waupun, Wis. ; Rev. D. S. 
Paris, Sparta, 111. ; Rev. J. M. Foster, 
Boston, Mass. ; Rev. Newton Wray, 
Shelbyville, Ind. ; Rev. S. P. Long, Mans- 
field, Ohio; Eld. J. K. Alwood, Morenci, 
Mich. ; Rev. Wilson T. Hogue, Evanston, 
111. ; Samuel A. Pratt, Worcester, Mass. ; 
J. P. Shaw, Wheaton, 111.; Eld. I. J. 
Rosenberger, Covington, Ohio ; Rev. Dr. 
H. H. George, Beaver Falls, Pa. ; Rev. 
S. F. Sprunger, Berne, Ind. ; Rev. John 
D! Nutting, Cleveland, Ohio ; Rev. L. G. 
Almen, St. Peter, Minn. ; Rev. Chas. H. 
Abbott, Mechanics Valley, Pa.; N. Sil- 
vius, Grand Rapids, Mich. ; Mrs. Ann 
Richards, Hebron, Ind. ; Rev. Wm. Pink- 
ney. Sterling, 111. ; Rev. J. B. Van den 
Hoek, Reasnor, Iowa ; A. J. Loudenback, 
Glidden, Iowa; Pres. D. Nyvall, McPher- 
son, Kan. ; Mrs. Hedda Worcester, Still- 
man Valley, 111. ; Rev. D. M. Sleeth, Lyn- 
don, Kan. ; Rev. C. Bender, Amboy, 111.; 
J. A. Conant, Willimantic, Conn. ; E. H. 
and E. L. Gould, Dundee, 111. ; Mrs. Min- 
nie McCalmont, Mosgrove, Pa. ; Rev. 
Edwin R. Worrell, Butler, Pa. ; Rev. J. 

A. Richards, Ft. Scott, Kan.; Rev. W. 

B. Olmstead, Chicago, 111. ; J. F. Stewart, 
Yellow Springs, Ohio; Rev. S. S. Van 
der Heide, Grand Haven, Mich. ; B. A. 
Prichard, Coffeyburg, Mo.; Eld. A. B. 
Lipp, Stahl, Mo. ; A. G. Mansfield, Al- 
bion, Neb. ; Mrs. M. M. Shaw, Jackson, 
Mich.; John R. Lyons, Marissa, 111.; 
Rev. J. S. Turnbull, Viola, Kan.; Rev. 
Jos. E. Roy, Chicago, 111.'; Mrs. L. G. 
B. Hills, Oberlin, Ohio ; Rev. S. F. Por- 
ter, Oberlin, Ohio; Rev. W. O. Dinius, 
Zion City, 111. ; D. H. Harrington, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. .1 

June, 1900. 




"JiEV, R. A. lORREY 

Superintendent Bible Institute ^ Chicago, 
No'w World-Wide Evangelist 

"I do not believe it possible for a man to be an intelligent Christian and an intelligent Mason 
at the same time." 


The Irish 

*'The mere recognition of the Bible and the mere ac- 
knowledgment of God is not enough, and especially when a 
ritual is connected with heathen ceremonies and paganistic 
initiations, does the profession of a belief in God become 
presumptuous and blasphemous." 



"Give them the truth anyway, and if they would rather leave their churches than their lodges 
the sooner they get out of the churches the better. I would rather have ten members who were 
separated from the world than a thousand such members. Come out from the lodge. Better one 
with God than a thousand without him. We must walk with God, and if only one or two go 
with us it is all right. Do not let down the standard to suit men who love their secret lodges or 
-have some darling sin they will not give up." 


m, E. Church, South; 
St, Louis, Mo,, says: 

1 . The method of initiation is wrong. 

2. These secret fraternities are rapidly becoming clubs and 
convivial gatherings. 

3. Secret fraternities strike at the happiness of the horre. 

4. These fraternities rob Christ of his glory. 

5. The fraternity hurts us in the matter of church 

6. The fraternity hurts the church financially. 

7. The fraternities have captured much of our preaching 

8. The fraternity is used by many as a substitute for the 

9. Many of these fraternities are striking at the sanctity 
of the Sabbath. 



"I believe that Misonry is an incalculable evil and essentiallv antichrist in its principles and 



June, 1906. 


^[t. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : 
I am very glad to join with you in the 
discussion of this question. I might say 
a great many things regarding the lodge. 
Aly desire is in the few moments that I 
am to occupy your attention to say those 
things that shall be the most helpful to 
us in the consideration of this matter. 
Vv'e have already heard of the great evil 
of the lodge. The lodge is administer- 
ing an oath which is clearly contrary to 
the teaching of the Word of God; the 
lodge is giving to its members titles that 
are at least unbecoming; it is making 
displays which are false ; in short, it is 
antagonizing not only Christianity, not 
only the Word of God, as set forth so 
clearly here this afternoon, but also the 
eternal salvation of individuals. Seeing 
that the lodge is doing this, the question 
naturally arises, Why is it that men join 
secret societies? Why is it that these 
lodges are advancing in our country? 
Why is it that such a large number are 
going into the secret lodge in our town? 
That is the question that is frequently 
asked. It is a practical question, and I 
believe the Question Drawer is to be 
guided by me this afternoon; so in the 
few preliminary remarks that I shall 
make before opening the Question Box, 
I shall address myself to this question: 
Why Is It that Men Join Secret Societies? 

It is very evident that in the start men 
join secret societies because they do not 
think right. Men act according to the 
way they think; and then the question 
comes back to this : Why is it that men 
do not think right regarding secret so- 
cieties ? Why is it that they have wrong 
impressions regarding these associations ? 
Why is it that instead of looking upon 
this system as a great evil that is destruc- 
tive to the family, and to the state and 
to the church, men look upon it as a 
handmaid to the church, a help in the 
upbuilding of society and in the advance- 
ment of the truth in the world? Why is 
it that they have this wrong impression, 
this wrong idea, or why is it that they 
have come to think in this way? 

I have just come from the city of Day- 
ton, Ohio. I looked over the directory 
of that city, and I found that they have 

about one hundred thousand people. 
They have a little over one hundred 
lodges ; that would be an average of a 
lodge for every thousand persons, men, 
women and children, of that place. I took 
up a daily paper and I read an account 
of some twenty different secret societies 
that either had held a meeting or were 
about to hold a meeting in that place. 
There were announcements of various 
meetings that had been held by dift'erent 
lodges, and also announcements of meet- 
ings that were to come. I noticed among 
the first of these an account of a ball, a 
charity ball, that was held by the Knights 
of Pythias. The editor headed the state- 
ment that the Knights of Pythias had 
had this charity ball with the statement 
that the ball had been a great success ; 
and as an evidence that this charity ball 
was a grand success, he stated that 250 
couples had met and danced until two 
o'clock in the morning! That was the 
evidence that this ball had been a grand 

Another announcement was that the 
Red Men were about to be visited by their 
Grand Sachem of the State. A man 
whose name was Wise was to engage in 
what they called a "pow-wow," with this 
Grand Sachem as leader. There was an 
announcement of the Buffaloes that they 
were about to have a dance over a cer- 
tain saloon of the town, and that they 
anticipated having a glorious time at this 
meeting. The Woodmen were to have 
27 initiates at their next meeting. And 
so, as I read over the list of some twenty, 
each one of these lodges was telling of 
some visitor or making some appeal to 
the appetites or passions of their fellow 
men. Now, I said to myself, what would 
be the effect of reading this account on 
the ordinary workman, the young man 
who is aspiring for honor in the world 
and wanting to get what he can out of 
the world, of one kind and another? 
What would be the impression after read- 
ing an account of this kind? Would he 
not get the impression that it was a grand 
and noble thing to go and dance until 
after midnight for the sake of giving 
some money to some good cause? And 
would he not be impressed with the idea 
that it was an ennobling thing for a man 

June, 1906. 


to call himself a Great Sachem, and to 
pretend that he was a red man, when he 
was a white man? In short, to make 
believe that he was a member of an In- 
dian tribe, or to pretend that he was an 
elk, or a buffalo, or an eagle, or some 
kind of animal or other — that that was 
the most noble thing a young man could 
aspire to? The paper held up these 
things as grand. 

Then the question came to me. Why 
were these lodges represented in that 
way? The editor of the paper was ac- 
quainted with human nature. He knew 
the natural heart ; he knew that men like 
great titles; he knew that men like dis- 
plays; he knew that men like to play 
that they are what they are not, and so 
in order to please the people the editor 
of the paper was holding up this as the 
highest ambition of the young man, and 
so the young man, being educated in this 
way, receiving his impressions from the 
daily newspaper, would naturally get the 
idea that after all it was a great thing to 
join some secret society. 

Now, as I said, what we need in this 
work is education. What we need, what 
men need, is to learn to think right, in 
order that they may act right. Of course, 
we expect that boys on the street will 
play horse; it is natural that they should 
and we think nothing of it ; but for white 
men to play that they are red men, for 
men of intelligence to play that they are 
monkeys, or buffaloes, or elks, or eagles, 
or some other animal — certainly in the 
eyes of a well-thinking man, a man who 
is really intelligent, any man doing a 
thing like that belittles himself, and peo- 
ple ought to see it ; they ought to be told 
that such is the fact in the case ; and so 
we have meetings that we may call at- 
tention to these matters. Of course, the 
fact that men play red men, that they 
play that they are various animals, is a 
relatively small thing, compared with the 
fact that men in these lodges are pretend- 
ing that they are worshiping God, when 
they are violating the law of God ; and 
so, while we may talk about the folly of 
these secret societies, we should speak 
along the line of showing their un-Chris- 
tian character. I should put that first, 
that the great objection that we, the Na- 

tional Christian Association, that we as 
individual Christians, can have to the 
lodge, is that here in these societies they 
not only play with things that pertain to 
this life, but they are playing with the 
things that pertain to their eternal well- 
being; they are playing with their souls' 
eternal well-being. 

W^e may assign as the reasons why 
men go in — first, a wrong education, edu- 
cation in the wrong line ; and then, in the 
second place, we may attribute the pop- 
ularity of secret societies, in some de- 
gree at least, to the silence of those who 
are really opposed to them, who really 
wish to have them overcome. 

Now, we read in Matthew, the 24th 
chapter and 12th verse, in reference to 
the last times : ''Because iniquity shall 
abound, the love of many shall wax cold." 
We find that this prophecy is being to a 
large extent fulfilled in our time. There 
are places w^here men have spoken out 
in other days and other years against. the 
lodges, but where they are saying very 
little now. They are keeping silent or 
speaking in such a way that the people 
do not understand much about the dan- 
ger of the lodge, and so many are led in 
because they are not warned, because the 
voice of warning is not given as it should 
be. And it seems to me, friends, that 
the fact that lodges are increasing, the 
fact that we have so many in every com- 
munity, as was brought to our attention 
by the paper that was read this afternoon, 
should stir us up ; it should give us en- 
thusiasm in the work. That is the rea- 
son, or one of the reasons, why we are 
here this afternoon — that we may stir 
up our minds and help one another in the 

I suppose the thought of the commit- 
tee on program was that the asking of 
questions might be helpful in bringing 
out any thoughts that you might have 
relative to these various points. I have 
occupied my ten minutes and we will 
now pass to the Question Drawer. 

I do not pretend to answer all ques- 
tions. I heard of a man who did this, 
and the first question they asked him 
was : "Who fed Nebuchadnezzar when 
he was turned out to grass?" I have 


June, 1906. 

given the lodge question some thought 
and am very glad to give you any 
thoughts I liave, and I shall be glad to 
hear" any thoughts that you may wish 
to express. 


:\[r. Hitchcock : I might ask the first 
question. I would like to know whether 
you belong to a lodge yourself; and I 
will put two questions in one — If you do 
not belong to a lodge, how can you an- 
swer these questions and answer them 
intelligently ? 

]^Ir. Stoddard : I will say I do not be- 
long to any secret societies, although I 
find oftentimes it is more difficult to get 
people to believe that I do not than that 
I do. I was in Lima, Ohio, the other 
day, standing waiting for the afternoon 
train. The sun was setting in the west, 
and I noticed a gentleman with a Masonic 
watch charm. I said to him, "It is a 
very beautiful sunset we have this even- 
ing?' He looked at me, and he said, "Yes, 
as the sun sets in the west, so sets the 
other fellow." I said, ''Yes, and as the 
sun rises in the east, so rises the other 
fellow." Now, of course, unless you 
know something about Masonry, this con- 
versation would not be intelligible; you 
would not understand why we should 
speak in that way; but what was meant 
was, that as the Worshipful Master rises 
in the east to open and govern the lodge, 
so rises the sun in the east to open and 
govern the day ; and he at once took me 
for a Mason. He told me about the meet- 
ing of the Grand Lodge (he had just 
come from the Grand Lodge meeting), 
and he told me about those who had been 
attending and the discussions that they 
had, and he spoke of the beauties of the 
symbolism of Masonry. He said he had 
not studied Masonry very carefully, but 
to him it was very beautiful, these sym- 
bols and thines. Well, I found it very 
difficult, as I had in similar experiences 
before, to convince the man that I was 
not a Mason. He thought, of course, 
because I understood these points about 
^Masonry, that I must be, and insisted that 
I must be a member of some lodge-. 

I have perhaps answered both of the 
questions in this c^.se. The fact that I 

knew about the organization only con- 
vinced him that I must be a member of 
the fraternity ; but it is not necessary to 
eat a cheese in order to know whether it 
is good. If we take a little of the cheese 
and we find it is not very good, we can 
conclude that the rest is not very good. 
If the outward demonstration of the 
secret societies is not good, we conclude 
that what they have on the inside is no 
better ; and so it is not necessary for us 
to go inside to know whether the lodge 
is good or whether it is bad. 

Is the order of the Maccabees an oath- 
bound organization? 

Mr. Phillips : I do not know. The 
Knights of the Maccabees is one of the 
insurance orders, and we have one of its 
earlier rituals, but it has been changed" 
lately in some respects. 

Mr. Stoddard: I could not give any 
further information relative to it. I have 
been told that they simply pledge them- 
selves. What is commonly given by the 
lodge has the' same effect as an oath ; that 
is, they ^ay to a man, Will you pledge 
your sacred honor that you will not re- 
veal so and so? Now, of course, if a 
man's sacred honor is good for nothings 
his sacred oath would be good for noth- 
ing; so that the effect in such cases is 
practically the same as the oath so far as 
the individual is concerned. 

[Editor's Note: Following is the Obliga- 
tion of the Knights of the Maccabees, from 
the old ritual : 

"I, , do solemnly and voluntarily 

promise in the presence of Almighty God and 
this duly convoked Tent of the Knights of 
the Maccabees, that I will be faithful and 

true to the Tent denominated • Tent, No. 

; of which I am now to become a mem- 

Ijei- . ******** To all this I 
most solemnly and sincerely promise and 
swear with a fixed and determined resolu- 
tion to keep and perform the same, binding- 
myself under no less a penalty, for the wil- 
ful violation of any of the provisions, than 
that of having my left arm cut off above the 
elbow, so that I would forever be unable to 
prove myself a Knight of the Maccabees. So 
help me the Most High, and keep me stead- 
fast in the same until death."] 

Can a lodgeman have a place in heaven 

June, 1900. 



if he is a Freemason and does not be- 
lieve in the atonement? 

Mr. Stoddard: I should say that no 
one can hope for heaven without giving 
his heart to Christ and entering into His 
service. Christ says, ''I am the way, the 
truth and the life ; no man cometh unto 
the Father but by me." We can only 
come through Christ. Now I am not pre- 
pared to say that a man who is a Mason 
cannot be a Christian. I do not think 
that a man can be an intelligent Christian 
and an intelligent Mason, for the simple 
reason that you cannot acknowledge 
Christ and deny Him at the same time. 
There is nothing clearer than that Ma- 
sonry denies Christ. There is nothing 
that can be proved more positively than 
that Masonry as an organization rejects 
Christ, casts Him out from their organi- 
zation. I say there is nothing that can 
be proved more clearly than that. But 
I find men who are ignorant of that fact ; 
that are unacquainted with that fact, and 
so far are unacquainted with the organi- 
zation. Men go in as a man would go 
into a show ; they go through with the 
ceremony and go home ; they call them- 
selves Masons. 

I would say that no man who is a 
Mason at heart could go to heaven ; be- 
cause he must reject Christ, if he is a 
Mason at heart. But a man may have 
gone into the organization not knowing 
this, and possibly remain there, and at 
the same time be a Christian. 

Is not the failure of the church of 
Christ to be the salting salt, and a city 
set on a hill, responsible to a great ex- 
tent for the growth of the lodges? 

Mr. Stoddard: Perhaps some of the 
other brethren would answer that ques- 
tion. The pastor of this church, Brother 
Einink, perhaps would have a thought on 

Rev. Einink: I think if the church 
held to its principles as it should hold, 
tenaciously, according to the Word of 
God, and used its influence according to 
tl'ic command of Christ, who is the Head 
of the church, the influence of the lodge 
would not be as strong as it is to-day. 
A large percentage of the members that 
arc in the lodges to-day are people that 

have belonged to different churches, or 
perhaps have membership there still, but 
the church has more or less neglected to 
look after the welfare of these members 
as it should. The growth of the lodges 
is due to one thing especially, that the 
y(jung have not been instructed in the di- 
vine truths as is necessary, so they might 
finally hold aloof from the lodge. I think 
the church here has a plain duty, not only 
to oppose secret organizations, but to 
watch those in the fold and educate them 
properly, and the result will be that the 
lodges will not grow as they do now. 

Rev. E. B. Stewart : I think that every 
man who wants to get away from his 
church duty is an expert at finding an ex- 
cuse. My experience as a pastor for 
nearly fifteen years in San Francisco and 
Chicago teaches me that there are more 
failures in the lodges than in the churches 
in respect to the duty of caring for ihe 
poor. Just recently a man who was a 
member of the Elks and had been for ten. 
years in that lodge, died. He was not a 
member of our church, only his daughter 
was a member, but when the time of trou- 
ble came the church did far more for 
them in every way than the Elks would 
do. The Elks gave the flimsy excuse that 
for the last month or so (he had been 
paralyzed for a year) the man had not 
paid his dues. His employer and our 
church so cared for the family that his 
son, who is now 15 years of age, has a 
contempt for the pretensions of the Elks. 
He has joined the church of which I am 
pastor. I do not believe that it is true 
that the church is responsible, by its neg- 
ligence of the poor, for the existence of 
the lodge. 

Mr. Stoddard : I may be pardoned per- 
haps for giving a case in point before we 
pass to the next question. I was talking 
to a gentleman not long ago, and he made 
this statement: ''Mr. Stoddard," he said, 
'T am a member of the Methodist Church 
and I am a member of the Odd Fellows, 
and I want to say to you that the Odd 
Fellows are a heap better than the 
church." That was the expression he 
used. I said to him, *'Mr. Cook, do you 
believe that the church is a divine insti- 
tution?" "Yes," he said, 'T do." "You 
believe that God has appointed the church 



June, 1906. 

— that God has given iis the church." 
"Yes. I do." "Do you beheve that the 
Odd Fehows' organization is a divine in- 
stitution ?" He hesitated a httle. I said, 
"The Odd Fellows' lodge is a man-made 
institution, is it not ? Man organized the 
Odd Fellows?" "Yes," he said, "that is 
true.*' "Xow,'' I said, "do you believe 
that this man-made institution is a 'heap 
better* than the divine institution? Is 
that the position that you wish to take ?" 
"Well," he said, "we care for our sick, 
we bury our dead, and I would like to 
know what church does that," and he be- 
gan to uphold the lodge and condemn the 
church, and you would have thought, to 
hear him talk, that the prairie was full of 
dead people that were not buried because 
the church was neglecting its duty. I said, 
"'Mr. Cook, if the church does not do its 
duty, who is to blame for it?" "Well," 
he said, "I suppose the members are to 
blame for it." I said, ''Didn't you say 
that you were a member of the church?" 
"Yes," he said, "I am." "Well, now," I 
said, "would it not be a great deal better 
for you to stop and turn around and do 
your duty, in order to upbuild the church, 
instead of building up this man-made in- 
stitution that you yourself say is doing 
the work of the church, and supplanting 
the church so far as it succeeds?" He 
had not very much to say to that, of 

That is what the lodge does. As soon 
:as it begins to tell how superior the lodge 
is, it glories over the church and tells 
how the church is neglecting its duty. 
The fact is, that the church cares for a 
large number of people that are sick and 
that are afflicted in one way or another. 
It takes in people that are likely to be in 
need, and that do actually get in need, 
while the lodge people only take in those 
that are not in need, and then if they get 
in need while they are there so they can- 
not pay their dues, they do nothing for 
them. In case a man's dues are paid up, , 
the lodge simply gives back some of the 
money he has paid in, and then says it is 
doing a great deal better than the church. 
If I were in their place, I would be 
ashamed to take a position of that kind, 
because there is no real comparison' in 
this matter between the lodge and the 

church. The church is composed of men, 
women and children, poor and needy ; ev- 
erybody may enter into the church; the 
lodge is composed of strong, able-bodied 
men, 21 years of age. 

Is it better for the United States to be 
governed by the Freemasons or the Ro- 
man Catholic church? as it seems to be 
governed by one or the other at the pres- 
ent time. 

Mr. Phillips : That is a pretty difficult 
question to answer. The inference that 
this country is ruled at the present time 
by one or the other is not true. They are 
in conflict. Both of them are, in their or- 
ganization, not democratic, but despotic, 
and I do not see how it could be better 
to be ruled by one despot than another; 
and yet, if I were in a country like Mex- 
ico, I think I should say, let the fight for 
supremacy between Freemasonry and Ro- 
manism continue, because, whatever the 
result, it will probably be better for the 
common people, on the principle that 
"when thieves fall out, honest men are 
more likely to get their dues." 

Has life insurance a tendency to lead 
to membership in secret societies? 

Mr. Stoddard: I think that the old- 
line insurance companies would say that 
there is nothing in life insurance that 
would lead to secret societies. I do not 
think that life insurance necessarily tends 
toward secret societies ; but it may. 

Mr. Phillips: I think we ought to 
keep this clearly in mind, that life insur- 
ance does not need secret societies, but 
that the lodge needs life insurance; and 
so they take up insurance in order to 
build up lodgery. Not that temperance 
needs the lodge, but the lodge needs tem- 
perance, or some other virtue, with which 
to build up lodgery. No man promoting 
lodge insurance can show any necessary 
connection between the secret lodge and 
insurance. They have no relation one to 
the other, but the lodges need insurance 
to build themselves up. 

How is the National Christian Associa- 
tion supported? 

Mr. Stoddard: Mr. Hitchcock is one 

June, 190G. 


of the Board of Directors ; he will an- 
swer that question. 

Mr. Hitchcock : It is largely support- 
ed — not largely, either, I will take that 
back, it, has not a very large support. It 
has some property of its own. It has a 
little home over on West Madison street. 
So far as I know it has no income of its 
own regularly other than it depends very 
largely upon the generosity of its friends, 
of the people that are interested, as some 
of us are here this afternoon. Sometimes 
men that are interested, whether they are 
in the West or in the East, make a con- 
tribution; every little while some one is 
inclined to give us a thousand dollars or 
two or three hundred dollars. Perhaps I 
would better say, that unless they give it 
to us and put it right into the palms of 
our hands, there is almost invariably liti- 
gation about it before we can get it. Some 
of the lodge people will do everything this 
side of heaven to defeat us and prevent 
our getting it. 

Mr. Stoddard : You mean when left by 

Mr. Hitchcock: Yes, I say if they 
leave it in any other w^ay than in the palm 
of our hands, ever}1;hing is done to keep 
it from going into the treasury of the As- 

Mr. Phillips: We ought to be very 
thankful that they have not defeated us 
yet. Every bequest has been sustained by 
the courts. I do not want any of you to 
neglect to leave the National Christian 
Association something in his Will. I have 
attended trials where they have attempted 
to have a Will set aside, and I want to 
say to you that often these court trials 
have been as good as an anti-secrecy con- 
vention, for the whole county. It has 
been a revelation to people. I was in 
such a trial in the State of Nebraska, and 
the lodge interest was so evident that one 
of the leading men said : "Well, if that is 
the condition in this county; if we have 
got to meet such a foe as that ; if lodgery 
has become such a power here, it is high 
time that we all join the National Chris- 
tian Association!" It is true that often 
they leave no stone unturned to defeat a 
Will, but it has been victory, so far, that 
God has given us in these contests. 

How much of a field does the Associax 
tion cover? 

Mr. Stoddard: The Association tries 
to do a little as the banty hen that had a 
very large collection of chickens. We 
seek to reach in our work as far as we 
can. We to-day are not only doing work 
in the United States, but also in Ireland 
and Scotland and in South America, and 
in other places. Brother Phillips can say 
more about that than I can, as he knows 
of the work that is being done in this and 
in different countries. Here in our own 
country we hold State Conferences in the 
different States. Personally, I have held 
four State Conferences during the past 
year. I have addressed seven synods and 
conferences of ministers during the past 
year. I have taken over nine hundred 
subscriptions to the Christian Cynosure ; 
I have distributed several thousand pages 
of our tracts as I have gone among peo- 
ple ; and so we have gone on with these 
ways of informing people. I think we 
are doing considerable for the amount 
we have to do with. If we had more men 
and more means, we could reach out fur- 
ther. We are trying to use all the men 
and means that God gives us, and are do- 
ing something. 

Mr. Phillips : We have sent literature 
to every State and Territory in the Union, 
and to the islands of the sea ; but of 
course not very large quantities. Be- 
tween twenty and thirt}' thousand copies 
of the Cynosure have been sent to new 
places. We have sent to the ministers of 
many denominations. We have sought 
to reach the teachers and principals of 
the common schools throughout the Uni- 
ted States, because of the discussion that 
has been so earnest in the school-boards 
and among the different managers of our 
public schools on account of the curse the 
fraternities have been to the high schools. 
The attention of the teachers has been 
aw^akened on this subject as it never has 
been before. The position that Superin- 
tendent Cooley of this city has taken, and 
others, is the position that cuts the verv 
foundation out from the lodges. We 
have been trying to reach these teachers 
by sending out the Cynosure to a large 
number. We are sending out a good 
many tracts and books free ; but it takes 


June, 1906. 

mone\-. and we do not have very much, 
but we are putting forth all the effort we 
can to let the little candle we hold shed 
its light as far as possible over the world, 
because this question which concerns us 
concerns everv nation in the world. 

"Would it not be a good plan for the As- 
sociation to print, once or twice a year, 
an article in different church papers on 
some phase of the work ? 

]\Ir. Stoddard : I would say yes. The 
intent of the questioner, I judge, is to 
have these articles sent to papers. I 
think it would be a good thing, and I 
have myself furnished different religious 
papers with some information that they 
have kindly printed and sent out as infor- 
mation to their people on this subject. I 
think it would be a good thing if friends 
would prepare such articles carefully and 
send them to their church papers. 

Mr. Phillips : I suppose the import of 
this question is the organization of a bu- 
reau that shall furnish these papers with 
short articles on some phase of the ques- 
tion ; but that is something that we have 
not undertaken. I think it is an import- 
ant suggestion that such a bureau be or- 

i\lR. Stoddard : I will now ask Brother 

Einink if he will take charge of the Open 

Parliament ; that is the place in which to 

continue, in a way, the present discussion. 


Rev. Einink: Are there any of the 
"brethren that wish to make a short talk 
■of about five minutes in regard to any 
(question touching this reform? 

Mr. Phillips: I guess they mean you 
shall make a speech. 

Rev. Einink: The fact is, my friends, 
the other day, when I noticed a big chart 
in one of our magazines of a professor 
having an ax with which he was trying 
to cut down a tree, which was called 
some secret organization, and another" 
professor having a sprinkler in his hand 
and watering this tree, and nurturing it 
for all there was in it, it occurred to me 
that that simple cut suggested to us just 
what is happening to-day. The church 
has a duty to do. It should do everything 
in its power, which is legitimate, to up- 

root the evil of secret organizations. It 
is the plain duty of the church, standing 
upon the principles of God's truth, to op- 
pose secret organizations, because Christ 
Himself spoke openly to that effect. 

In the different schools — in some of 
them at least — the secret organizations 
are fostered, and in our pubHc-school sys- 
tem in general there are a large number 
of societies. I am sorry to say it is so in 
this city, but it was so especially in the 
city I used to hve in, in the State of In- 
diana. Even among the smallest high 
schools, we find the pupils organized into 
fraternities and thus preparing for other 
secret organizations. This struggle be- 
tween the church and the secret organi- 
zations is bound to continue, because the 
church must, if it would exist in the fu- 
ture, always strive to uphold the doctrine 
of Jesus Christ. In Him is the only sal- 
vation, and if the church shall be success- 
ful — permit me, Mr. Chairman, to ex- 
press myself a little more freely in regard 
to that one question which was asked a 
moment ago — if the church shall be suc- 
cess-ful in the future in coping wath se- 
cret orders,, it must be by educating her 
youth. The church must continually look 
forward and be alert to watch for this 

I spoke with a Methodist minister once, 
and he told me that of the membership he 
had lost during his pastorate of fifteen 
years, sixty per cent had left the church 
and gone into the lodge. Forty per cent 
had drifted elsewhere, and therefore the 
sixty per cent which entered the secret 
orders he claimed was the number that 
should have remained in the church, but 
the secret orders had drawn them away. 
There are reasons why this is so. These 
secret organizations offer many induce- 
ments ; they have cheap life insurance, 
they offer almost everything to a young 
man if he is willing to join the lodge. 
The church of Christ has a greater offer 
still, and it offers to every young man 
the Christ of God. That is sufficient. It 
is sufficient in life, it is sufficient in death. 
We need nothing more to stand on than 
that principle of God's Truth for our 
owm salvation. 

The Chairman : We are now readv 

June. 1906. 


to adjourn, but at the pastor's suggestion 
a collection will be taken, and then we 
will ask Rev. E. B. Stewart to come for- 
ward and pronounce the benediction. 

Mtm of ®ur Pori 


A conference was arranged by Rev. 
T. M. Slater, as chairman of the com- 
mittee, for Seattle on May 226.. Among 
the speakers w^as the president of the 
National Christian Association, Rev. Dr. 
Blanchard. The particulars of the gath- 
ering had not been received at the time 
of going to press, but we shall expect 
a full account for our next number. 


Coopersville, Mich., May 18, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure : My work for the past 
month has centered in our Annual Meet- 
ing. On my way to Chicago. I gave a 
lecture in the Lutheran hall at Dayton, 
Ohio, which awakened considerable in- 
quiry, and was of help to some. Meet- 
ings in the "Defenceless" Mennonite and 
the Mission churches near Berne, Ind., 
were well attended. The Berne people 
came forward grandly, as usual, in sup- 
port of the Cynosure. The inroads of the 
lodges have stirred to action, and friends 
are desiring the State Convention there 
this fall. ^ " ■ J i 

Two very helpful Sabbaths were spent 
with friends of the Second Free Metho- 
dist church, Chicago, and the Free Meth- 
odist church of Evanston, 111. I always 
know where to find our Free ^lethodist 

At Joliet, 111., I met Swedish Lutheran 
pastors in their Annual Conference. This 
body of .Christians is growing rapidly. 
Their generous support of the Cynosure 
and its work showed a continued disap- 
proval of the lodge. 

At and near Hastings, Mich., I attend- 
ed and addressed three meetings of our 
Wesleyan Methodist friends. We all felt 
it was ''good to be there." Our old 
stand-by. Brother E. Pennock, was recov- 
ering from a very severe fall. We trust 
it may be the Master's will to spare him 
to us for many vears. Brother l^)radlev, 

the pastor in charge at this place, was 
much interested in our work and the 
proposed Convention, as was Brother 
Eddy, a seceded Mason, pastor of the 
Free Methodist church. Interest in the 
National Christian Association and its 
mission is growing in this west central 
part of Michigan. 

Muskegon will welcome the State Con- 
vention in the fall. Good preparation 
will be made for this gathering. 

Meetings are arranged for the Wesley- 
an church, Allendale, south of here, on 
Sabbath. On Monday evening I am to 
speak in the Christian Reformed church 
in Grand Rapids, of which Domine 
Berghof is pastor. Tuesday morning I 
hope to address the children of the Chris- 
tian School of Domine Timmermann's 

Rev. H. A. Day and wife, of the Wes- 
leyan church. Grand Rapids, gave me a 
good lift, as usual. I enjoyed an even- 
ing attending the young people's prayer- 
meeting there. Every young person pres- 
ent took some part. 

This is the seed-sowing time. Let us 
scatter the good seed with a bountiful 
hand, expecting the harvest in due time. 
• W. B. Stoddard. 

History is the matured fruit of proph- 

No man can wish himself into happi- 

The bringing of the divine into the 
human means a blending of the human 
and the divine. 

There are good and evil in the world, 
but there is also the power of choice giv- 
en to everv man. 

It is not wealth that advances the 
world but man's highest culture, moral, 
physical, mental and spiritual. 

The great dead level of the world is 
for those who dream dreams and see 
visions ; the heights are for those who 
by industry and perseverance make their 

dreams come true. 



June, 1906. 

^ Ctpentietjj Centurp J^inigter 




Lester's name was proposed before the 
Park City lodge of Free and Accepted 
Masons, and in due time he was notified 
to present himself on a certain Friday 
night for initiation. Lester anticipated 
the ceremony with not a few gloomy 
forebodings. He knew — or thought he 
knew — the peculiar Western type of hu- 
mor, and was prepared for some rough 
handling and horseplay. He did not mind 
that. In the exhilarating prairie air, he 
had taken on flesh and strength. His 
nerves had acquired a poise and tone that 
gratified him exceedingly. Fie presumed 
this newfound vigor would be put to cer- 
tain tests, more grotesque than strenu- 
ous. It would be a little unpleasant to 
be an hour's laughing-stock for the 
''boys" ; but he was only a lad himself, 
and the play-instinct had not died out 
v^ithin him. If he could get hold of the 
business- men of Park City by doing a 
few "stunts," he was willing to make a 
small and temporary sacrifice of his dig- 

But beneath all these vague conjectures 
lay a deeper fear, that the ceremony he 
was to undergo might involve a moral 
defilement, not to be brushed from his 
garments when he left the lodge-room 
like the dust acquired in a playful rough- 
and-tumble. He refused to face this 
fear, and thrust it as far as he could into 
the background of his thoughts. 

Initiation night brought a surprise 
which relieved him for a time, but later 
gave a . confirrriation to his deepest fears. 
In defiance of the rules of the order, he 
was admitted with the briefest and sim- 
plest ceremony, in which the revolting 
and blasphemous features of the degree 
work were largely omitted. 

But to impress upon him a sense of 
the delicate consideration shown him as 
a tribute to his profession, another candi- 
date was initiated later in the evening, 
with all the "ancient" usages of the 
"worshipful" order. This candidate" was 
a young dentist, newly come to Park City, 

and somewhat unpopular because of his 
assumption of superiority. 

When Lester saw Doctor Randal kneel- 
ing half clad and blindfolded before an 
altar dedicated neither to paganism nor 
Christianity, but to a strange and sense- 
less hybrid of both, an altar where the 
Bible is degraded to the level of the 
square and compass as a mere symbolic 
decoration, and heard him swear to have 
his throat cut from ear to ear and his 
tongue torn out by the roots, should he 
divulge the sublime secrets of this glori- 
ous order, Lester tingled from head to 
foot with vicarious shame. Fie felt that 
the young doctor was his substitute, 
whom the officers of the lodge thought it 
safe to insult with the spurious offer of 
regeneration which would be rejected 
with scorn by the intelligence, if not by 
the piety, of the young minister. 

It must be understood that when a 
Mason says, "My lodge is all the religion 
I need," he is speaking by the book. The 
highest Masonic authority assures him 
that the object of Masonry is to enlighten 
his ignorance, purify his evil nature, and 
rescue him from the world in whose ob- 
scurity he is wandering. The blue ceil- 
ing of the lodge-room, studded with stars, 
symbolizes the "starry-decked heaven, 
where all good Masons hope at last to 
arrive, by the aid of that theological lad- 
der which Jacob in his vision saw ex- 
tending from earth to heaven." The 
earthly lodge is a "foreshadowing" of 
the "heavenly lodge," which among 
Christians is supposed to be the "Father's 
House," of v^hich our Savior spoke. 

As the prophet of old, digging through 
the temple wall, caught a glimpse of the 
"wicked abominations" practiced by his 
apostate fellow countrymen, so Lester 
dimly apprehended the blasphemous sig- 
nificance of this solemn mummery, with 
its mingling of the ludicrous and the 
loathsome. How can phallic emblems, 
he wondered, be converted into Christian 
symbols ; or the "common gavel" be used 
for the "noble and glorious purpose" of 
divesting the heart and conscience "of 

June, 1906. 



all the vices and superfluities of life ; 
thereby fitting our minds as living stones 
for that spiritual building, that house not 
made with hands, eternal in the heav- 

But to ponder these questions was to 
condemn himself ; and no man willingl}" 
faces his own dishonor. With restless 
impatience, Lester awaited the close of 
the meeting. The solemn farce conclud- 
ed, he would gladly have carried his dis- 
gust and chagrin home to his bed; but 
this he was not permitted to do. He was 
told with jocular cordiality that they 
=ve^e .-'U to adjc'.rn to the hotel for a 
banquet in honor of the occasion. 

Lester made a dismal attempt at cheer- 
fulness. "I might have known," he said, 
''that you'd expect me to 'set 'em up' the 
first night." 

"Not much," was the reply ; "we're all 
your friends — see? — and we're giving 
this Httle supper in your honor — and 
Brother Randal's," the speaker added 
with a jocose wink. 

Even then Lester had some desperate 
notion of declining the honor and making 
his escape ; but his brother minister, the 
Reverend Mr. Peyton, came up at this 
moment, and shaking his hand, warmly 
congratulated him on the step he had just 
taken. Then, linking his arm in Lester's, 
he descended the stairs, chatting gaily, 
and turned without question toward the 

Lester submitted with the sensations 
of a captive being led to his dungeon. 
Until he came West, he had avoided late 
suppers as poison; and even now his 
frame of mind was not conducive to 
digestion. The banquet was more sub- 
stantial than elaborate. Lester swallowed 
a few morsels, meanwhile listening 
gloomily to a constant flow of humorous 
anecdote from Peyton's apparently ex- 
haustless repertoire. 

Lester was not sure that he liked the 
Reverend Hubert Peyton. The two men 
were about the same age, and many peo- 
ple in Park City professed to find a 
strong resemblance between them. Both 
were of slight build and small, refined 
features. But Peyton had the advantage 
of being on his native soil, while Lester 
was the product of other standards and 

another environment. Moreover, the 
educational requirements of Peyton's de- 
nomination not being so high as those of 
Lester's, the former had been ordained 
at the close of his twenty-first year, and 
had now been two years a pastor in Park 
City, without having heard a single sug- 
gestion that his mission there was at an 
end — a remarkable experience in a West- 
ern pastorate. 

Lester's imperfect liking for Mr. Pey- 
ton was due to the half-admitted convic- 
tion that he himself could never hope to 
be so popular as Peyton. The latter be- 
lieved in being all things to all men, and 
acted out that belief with a hearty sim- 
plicity impossible to one of Lester's Puri- 
tan training. To cite an instance: the 
daughter of a family connected with Mr. 
Peyton's church had run away to join 
a third-rate vaudeville troupe, and in 
time had risen to be its star performer. 
Meeting her one day on a train, Mr. Pey- 
ton cordially congratulated her on her 
success in her profession. 

Xext to the Roman Catholics, Mr. Pey- 
ton had the largest church membership 
in Park City. He had a fervent, emo- 
tional style of addess, and several times 
had conducted special evangelistic serv- 
ices which had added large numbers to 
the church. Not all of these additions 
had been such as to contribute greatly 
to the strength of the church ; some of 
them being habitual drunkards, whose 
periodic reformation was invariably fol- 
lowed by a relapse — not unaccountable in 
view of Park City's four high-license 
saloons. The character of other members 
may be illustrated by the following 
authentic anecdote : a delegate from the 
Christian Endeavor Society of ]\Ir. Pey- 
ton's church was attending the State 
convention. It was Sunday night, the 
crown and culmination of the occasion. 
"Father Endeavor" Qark spoke with a 
tender earnestness that kindled anew the 
fires of consecration in every hearer. But 
this Park City delegate did not hear him. 
He chose, instead, that Sunday night, to 
go to a theatrical performance. 

Lester did not distrust the genuine* 
ness of Mr. Peyton's piety. The breadth 
and sincerity of his sympathy, no one 
could doubt. He was a modern Good 




June, 1906. 

Samaritan. . He and his young wife 
seriously pinched and cramped them- 
selves by their hospitalities — which were 
charities, as well. Though Mr. Peyton's 
salary was nominally much larger than 
Lester's, the benevolences of the former 
more than swallowed the difference. 

Lester tried to subdue his half-recog- 
nized envy of Mr. Peyton's popularity, 
by mentally labeling him a simple, igno- 
rant, impulsive boy. But this characteri- 
zation would not suffice. Peyton was 
alert in mind as well as ready in sym- 
pathy. He was well-read, in current lit- 
erature, at least. Whatever Lester's 
private opinion. Park City ranked them 
as intellectual equals. It was all very 
well to criticize Park City's judgment; 
but for practical purposes it was final, 
and Lester had become a devotee of the 
practical. Therefore he laughed as 
heartily as he might at Peyton's stories 
at the lodge banquet, and called for more. 
He could do this without violating either 
his conscience or his taste ; though he 
could not share Peyton's manifest en- 
joyment of his surroimdings. Whether 
this enjoyment should be envied or con- 
demned, Lester could not decide ; but he 
witnessed it with a pang. 

Soon after welcoming Lester as a 
brother Mason, Ferguson set to work in 
good faith to do his part in making up 
the club for Bible study. Lester threw 
himself into the plan with ardent en- 
thusiasm. It seemed a tremendous stride 
toward the accomplishment of his strong- 
est desire. 

The number of business and profes- 
sional men who were finally enlisted, 
liardly met his expectations ; but he re- 
flected that quality means more than 
numbers, and that the leaven would sure- 
ly spread. Besides the minister, there 
were Ferguson and two of his legal 
brethren, Professor Crane, superintend- 
ent of the city schools, and a young medi- 
cal student, who was taking a prolonged 
vacation because of ill health. The ladies 
whom Lester had named to Ferguson, 
professed themselves honored in being 
asked to join — not knowing that the min- 
ister and the lawyer had all but quarreled 
on that head. There were two or three 
other ladies, less brilliant than those iust 

alluded to, but perhaps the most desirous 
of the class to add to their Biblical knowl- 
edge. Last of all, Mr. Peyton, findmg it 
was not a denominational affair, promised 
to drop in when his other duties would 
permit, and perhaps prepare a paper. 

Each of the dozen contributed a dol- 
lar as entrance fee. This was carefully 
expended, under Lester's direction, for 
reference books. The cliib decided, after 
some consideration, to take up the life 
of Christ, as unquestionably the most 
valuable course of study possible. Fer- 
guson, Lester and Mrs. Candee were ap- 
pointed a committee to plan the course. 
In the end, the minister did most of the 

"You know the ground," said Fergu- 
son. "You draw up the plans and speci- 
fications, and we'll do the building." 

Lester burned the midnight oil in 
study, and congratulated himself on hav- 
ing secured such an ally as Ferguson. 

The first program was to be an ex- 
planation of the topography of the Holy 
Land. By request, Lester, who had 
studied the subject with unusual thor- 
oughness, gave a stereopticon lecture on 
Palestine. The lecture abounded in glow- 
ing description, and was admirably il- 
lustrated. Lester was especially eloquent 
over the Plain of Esdraelon, the loveliest 
spot in Palestine, on the edge of which 
was Jesus' boyhood home. 

"These photographs, taken in its de- 
cadence," he said, "do it scant justice. 
It was the land of 'the viol, the violet and 
the vine.' The wild anemone, larkspur, 
mignonette and rose bloomed in the tints 
of the temple veil. The bird life was as 
varied as the vegetation." 

With strong, vivid touches, he sketched 
the battle scenes, a strange and signifi- 
cant procession, from the dawn of his- 
tory to the days of Napoleon, of which 
this lovely plain had been the theater. 

It was genuine oratory, and at its close 
his audience burst into applause. 

"Upon my word," said Ferguson, when 
the meeting closed, "we've made a fine 
start. Makes me think of the story of 
a great preacher of the early days, com- 
ing home from market with his basket on 
his arm. In the basket was a lobster, 
and as the minister stopped by the way 

June, 19CG. 



to have a chat with a friend, the lobster 
crawled out of the basket and took a nip 
at the minister's coat-sleeve. 'Well,' said 
he, 'I never traveled through the streets 
of New York City before with such eclat 
(a claw) !' 

''Really, Reverend Galbraith, I doubt if 
we could have started oft with more of a 
stir. Trouble is, I'm afraid you've set a 
pace that we can't follow." 

The next meeting- was not so harmoni- 
ous. The beginning of the Gospel storv 
raised at once the question of the credi- 
bility of miracles. Lester's supposed ally 
seemed turned into a Mephistopheles, 
"the spirit that denies." Half bullying, 
half taunting, he turned upon Lester with 
his most savage prosecuting-attorney air, 
and let loose a flood of rapid questions. 

The ladies were indignant. Their sym- 
pathies were wholly with the young min- 
ister. The situation suggested David 
beset by one of the "strong bulls of 

On the whole, Lester bore the ordeal 
well. His strongest impulse was to de- 
fend the faith which, in spite of the specu- 
lations of unripe scholarship, he still 
cherished. At the same time, he w^ished 
to maintain a strictly judicial attitude, 
lest he should give his opponent the ad- 

"To my mind," he said, "it's all a ques- 
tion of testimony. Everything depends 
upon the number, the competence, and 
the character of the witnesses. Person- 
sonally, I believe the miracles of the Nev/ 
Testament. I consider the evidence suffi- 

"How about the Gadarene swine?" in- 
terrupted Ferguson bluntly. 

"If you accept the miraculous at all, 
I see nothing inherently improbable in 
that miracle." 

"I object,'' put in Hill, one of Fergu- 
son's legal friends. "Reverend Galbraith 
is prejudiced. He doesn't eat pork. We 
took dinner together at the hotel last 
week, and he called for a mutton chop, 
while I ate fried ham." 

There was a chorus of laughter. Fer- 
guson gave way for a moment, then 
silenced the din. 

"I don't believe ghost stories and fairy 

tales on any evidence," he declared posi- 

"A leading exponent of the new theo- 
logy/" resumed Lester ;n a conciliatory 
tone, "declares that he has no hesita- 
tion in accepting some miracles and re- 
jecting others. He accepts the resurrec- 
tion of Christ, as attested by all the apos- 
tles, but doubts the resurrection of the 
saints at the death of Christ, related only 
by Alatthew, as insufficiently authenti- 
cated, and disbelieves the legend of Jonah 
and the great fish as not authenticated at 
all. There is a great deal to be said for 
that position." 

"Such distinctions are too fine for me/" 
said Ferguson brusquely, shaking his 

"Suppose," suggested Lester mildly, 
"that we give over this discussion, which 
seems likely to end nowhere ; and re- 
garding the Gospel narrative as mere lit- 
erature of an admittedly high order, let 
us try to master its content and discover 
its ethical significance." 

"You w^ithdraw your case, then?" 
asked Ferguson with a smile that sug- 
gested a sneer. 

"Not at all," protested Lester in his 
even, well-bred voice, which contrasted 
strikingly with the ocher's harsh, dog- 
matic utterance; "I v. ish to say tliar al- 
thougdi the program .vhich we ha^•e ar- 
ranged for to-night does not allow more 
time for discussion, I should be most 
happy to. resume the subject on some 
other occasion. Perhaps, not to lea\"e my 
viewpoint in doubt, I might be allowed 
one minute to state my position regard- 
ing miracles." 

"Hear, hear !" cried several voices, and 
Ferguson was obliged to yield. 

"In the first place, we should beware 
of trying to define too rigorously the 
bounds of natural law. See how vastly 
our conceptions of natural law have been 
enlarged of late by the N-ray, wireless 
telegraphy and radium. I never should 
speak of a miracle as a contravention of 
natural law. Laws still unknown to us 
may be discovered which shall account 
for all those onerations now known to 
us as miracles. They may depend on con- 
ditions rarel\- fulfilled, vet possible in the 


June, 1906. 

experience of each one of us. I can 
readih" conceive this to be true of all 
miracles of healing." 

''Perhaps Reverend Galbraith believes 
in faith-healing," suggested Hill. 

"I'm a Christian Scientist myself," put 
in Winter, jestingly. 

Ferguson, who was presiding, rapped 
sharply for order. "Were you through ?" 
he curtly asked Lester. 

"I think so," replied the latter, smil- 
ing; and Ferguson called for the next 
paper, by Mrs. Morrill. 

In spite of the professed interest of 
the members of the club in the subject of 
study, Lester was both annoyed and 
grieved to find that they could rarely be 
induced to take it seriously. 

"Fact is," Hill explained one night, 
"none of us dares go into this thing too 
deep : it would mean changing our lives." 

"You are quite satisfied with, them as 
they are ?" asked Lester kindly. 

"Oh, well," replied Hill grudgingly, as 
if he would have withdrawn his admis- 
sion, "the only practical life is a life of 
compromise. Come now, you know that's 
so yourself." 

Lested sighed. He was going to pass 
the night with Dr. Kline, one of his 
Masonic brethren who lay at death's 
door. Some nights previous he had 
stepped ofif from an unrailed landing and 
fallen fifteen or twenty feet, breaking sev- 
eral ribs and injuring his spine to a de- 
gree not yet ascertained. The landing 
was one with which he was perfectly 
famiHar. He had fallen simply because 
he was drunk. He was a drinking man 
and everybody knew it. He had been un- 
conscious most of the time since the ac- 
cident, and Lester knew that no word 
of warning could reach him in his present 
state. It had been to influence such men 
as he that Lester had joined the Masons. 
A? he parted from Hill and ascended 
the staircase from which Dr. Kline had 
plunged, Lester sighed again. 
(to be continued.) 

As the sunlight exceeds the starlight 
so does wisdom exceed folly. But when 
the wise man spends his knowledge as 
the fool his folly it were better not to be 

Irom §\it txchmt^* 

Her Danger and Duty. 

We maintain that our testimony will 
not and cannot continue to be against 
secretism, if the quiet life of the church 
becomes saturated with that secretism 
against which she testifies. When the 
United Presbyterian Church, having sub- 
mitted the interpretation and execution 
of her fundamental law to the "wise dis- 
cretion" of pastors and sessions who 
sneer at this same fundamental law, be- 
comes full of Free Masonry, Odd Fel- 
lowship, etc., the very ridiculous incom- 
patibility of our practice with our testi- 
mony will drive the Fifteenth Article out 
of our Testimony, whence in the name 
of consistency, it ought to go. And 
believe me, these wise discretionists are 
not oblivious to this inevitable conclusion 
to their course of action. Every day of 
this "wise discretion" policy contributes 
to a condition where our fundamental 
law against secrecy must perforce of 
consistency be swept out of our Testi- 
mony as useless verbiage into the deep 
sea of "the has beens to be forgotten." 

Are we ready for this? Is our posi- 
tion on secretism of real importance? 
Let us face the question. If our position 
on secretism is false, then let us be men, 
and put it aside in a manly, open fashion. 
Let us not allow the wily traitor of 
Silence to drag the wooden horse of a 
"wise discretion," filled with Masons and 
Odd Fellows, right into the walls of our 
Zion. Troy tried it once. We may 
profit by her example. The truth was 
never hurt by open and fair discussion. 
Only Error seeks to hide her face from 
the light. 

As to the spiritual life of the church, 
her intense spiritual life and power de- 
pend upon the spiritual condition of her 
individual members. Whatever strikes at 
the spiritual life of a member, therefore, 
strikes at the life of the church. If the 
spiritual life of the church is destroyed, 
the body of Christ becomes a cold, pow- 
erless formalism, a skeleton whose rat- 
tling limbs and complex multiplicity of 
bone? work on pivots and run by machi- 

June, 1906. 


nery. Among hymn-singers are as godly 
and spiritual men as are to be found any- 
where among the singers of Psalms. But 
the very essence of Major Secretism is 
legalism as opposed to faith, and these 
orders which either clandestinely or open- 
ly oppose Christ will sooner or later 
abolish spirituality from the heart of the 
man who takes part in them. We have 
never known a loyal secret society man 
who was a spiritual Christian. Secrecy 
will pow^erfully aid in the destruction of 
the spiritual life of the church if we open 
our arms to receive it. Is not the spiritual 
life of the church of sufficiently vital im- 
portance for us to guard that distinctive 
that is one great safeguard of her spirit- 
ual life? 

A? to the honor of God we honor 
God only as we honor His Son. The 
name of Jesus is elevated above every 
name, ''to the glory of God the Father." 
But we know that the ordinary rule in 
the lodges of the major secret orders is 
either to ignore that name, or to bandy 
it about with careless and blasphemous 
familiarity. That name which is above 
every name is frequently expunged from 
the lodge ritual and is eliminated from 
the lodge prayer lest the Jewish or other 
unbelieving "brother" should be offended. 
Is God honored in the exclusive use of 
the inspired Psalms in his worship ? We 
think so. But at the same time we can- 
not question the sincerity of the purpose 
of our hymn-singing brethren to exalt 
to honor the name of Jesus, On the 
other hand we can conceive of no pos- 
sible motive that will excuse a Christian 
in God's sight, for countenancing, either 
by attendance upon, or membership in, 
a society which casts out, or makes pro- 
vision for casting out, as unclean, that 
name which is above every name. 

If the United Presbyterian Church is 
concerned for the honor of God, as she 
should be, then it is as clear as the sun 
in the heavens that she should maintain 
and enforce that part of her fundamental 
law which excludes from her member- 
ship Christ-dishonoring, Christ-rejecting 
secret orders. 

— Extract from an article in The United Pres- 
byterian, by Rev. James A. Gordan. 


With the broadening of the curricu- 
lum of high schools and the great in- 
crease in the enrollment of pupils — ren- 
dering them far less narrow and far 
more democratic in their appeal to the 
general community than in former days 
— it is surprising to find them in the 
clutches of evils that tend to antagon- 
ize the good effect of their popular qual- 
ities. It is enough, almost, to throw a 
poor man into bankruptcy to have his 
daughter graduate from some high 
schools — what with new gowns, gloves, 
bouquets, hacks, photographs and class 
rings, to enable the girl to hold up her 
head with the classmates who set the 
pace on graduation day. A mother in a 
neighboring State, who had just been 
through this awful experience with her 
daughter, was heard to say, somewhat 
racily, that if she had not been a dress- 
maker herself the family would literally 
have gone "broke," as the result of the 
strain to get Ethel through the final 
stages of the high school with the so- 
cial eclat now deemed essential in that 
small city. It was too true. 

The high school experiences of Ethel, 
indeed, are worth considering as a whole. 
The gentle miss began to have them long 
before the culminating agonies and flut- 
ter of the graduation period. Did Ethel 
belong to a ''sorority" with fees of $2 
or $5 a year? Was she asked to join 
a ''frat" at $5 or $10 a year, with more 
money required for the pretty pin? The 
chances are that if Ethel was not asked, 
she moped over her exclusion, or had 
several good cries. There have been 
Ethels and Dorothys in high schools 
who withdrew altogether, throwing 
aside their educational opportunities be- 
cause of the wretchedness into which 
they were cast by the social snubs for- 
ever implied in their failure to be elect- 
ed to the very select Pi Pi's or the ultra 
exclusive Rho Rho's. Or, if they tenac- 
iously remained on deck, without being 
welcomed into some grotesque little 
''frat" circle, they very likely came to 
entertain a new bitterness concerning 
the social classes. And all this in our 
public schools, the schools of the people, 
for the support of which no one would 



June, 1906. 

consent to pay taxes if they were not 
founded on democratic principles. 

Ethel's experiences are also the experi- 
ences, although less crucial, of John. 
He, too, may get into no solemn secret 
order. Ask him what he belongs to. 
If you are a foolish parent, it may please 
you to learn that the young hopeful be- 
longs to a certain high school society that 
sports Greek letters for a name, which has 
a "grip," a pin with mystic symbols, and 
a place for secret meetings in some back 
room in a downtown block. Some pa- 
rents are said to like it. But that is be- 
cause they can see nothing of the silli- 
ness of a juvenile parade of secret ritual, 
nor the harm that comes from the train- 
ing of infantile snobs, nor the injury to 
the schools in creating little rings and 
cliques of pupils which often obstruct 
proper discipline, and certainly are hos- 
tile to that democratic atmosphere which 
the taxpayers as a whole will insist upon 
having in schools maintained for the 
good of a democratic state. 

It is not easy to treat with proper 
solemnity a subject of this character — 
the droliness of secret orders in high 
schools constantly appeals to the grown- 
up's sense of humor. It is understood, 
however, that these mystic organizations 
are now considered a serious matter by 
high school principals and school super- 
intendents throughout the country. The 
subject is annually discussed by our lead- 
ing educators at the conventions of the 
national educational associations. The 
bound volume of the proceedings of that 
association, at Asbury Park last sum- 
mer, contains an instructive report on 
secret fraternities, by a special commit- 
tee of five high school principals from 
different parts of the United States ; and 
their conclusions, drawn from an ex- 
haustive study of the d^ca, appear to 
reflect the substantially unanimous senti- 
ment of public school educators in this 
country. The view thus brought to a 
focus ic the view of experts, whose judg- 
ment carries overwhelming weight, and 
which parents everywhere should accept 
as conclusive. It is worth while to quote 
the committee's concluding words: 

''Therefore, your committee submit 

"Whereas, The sentiment of superin- 

tendents, principals and teachers against 
secret fraternities is alm.ost universal . 
. . be it therefore , 

"Resolved, That we condemn these se- 
cret organizations, because they are sub- 
versive of the principles which should 
prevail in the public schools ; because 
they are selfish and tend to narrow the 
minds and sympathies of the pupils; be- 
cause they stir up strife and contention; 
because they are snobbish; because they 
dissipate energy and proper ambition ; 
because they set wrong standards ; be- 
cause rewards are not based on merit, 
but on fraternity vows ; because they in- 
culcate a feeling of self-sufiiciency among 
the members ; because secondary school , 
boys are too young for club life ; because 
they are expensive and foster habits of 
extravagance; because they bring poli- 
tics into the legitimate organizations of 
the schools ; because they detract interest 
from study; and because all legitimate 
elements for good — social, moral and in- 
tellectual—which these societies claim to 
possess can be better supplied to the 
pupils through the school at large in the 
form of literary societies and clubs un- 
cler the sanction and supervision of the 
faculties of the schools." 

In promoting the simple life in the 
high schools the parents can play an 
important and perhaps a decisive part. 
The discouragement of these immature 
secret fraternities begins at home, 
where fathers and mothers can easily 
laugh them down. The legal phase of 
their position in the public schools is 
not yet fully developed in the courts, but 
public sentiment is powerful enough, 
once it is alive to the absurdity of such 
growths, to protect the school system 
from an invasion of over-elaborated 
— Springfield Republican, Jan. 31. 

Our hope lies in this, that Christ is able 
to make the base things mighty and give 
to the humblest soul the glory of his like- 

No man has a right to allow himself 
to be forgotten when a pleasant smile or 
a kind act would fill his life with friend- 

standard Works 

Secret Societies 


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Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

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Vol. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
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By E. Ronayne. Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
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An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
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This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
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Revised Rebekah Ritual (Illus- 

Revised and Amended Official "Ritual for 
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'>^:-r. ■:• 


Died on the 4th of July, 1826, on the fiftieth 

anniversary of the Independence 

of the United States. 

John Adams nevei- joined n secret society. His son. 
John t^ilncy, wrote August 22, 1831, of him : " There was 
noihint? irv the Masonic institution \vortby of his seekint? 
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repeatedl.f heard my farther >ay was the reason why he 
I'M-ev joined the lodgre.'"' 



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We regret that we are unable to com- 
plete the report of the annual meeting in 
this number. , We are gratified, however, 
that we have so much good matter to 
put before our readers. 

\\g celcbrcite this month the signing of 
the Declaialion of Independence, which 
declares "that all men are created equal ; 
that they are endowed by their Creator 
with certain unalienable rights ; that 
among these are life, liberty and the pur- 
suit of happuiess." This does not mean 
moral, mental or physical equality, but 
the absolute freedom of choice and the 
exercise of equal rights. 

This morning's paper (June 22, 1906) 
rebates the 'vork of a slugging crew of 
the printers' union in this city, in which 
a non-union printer's eyes are said to 
have been stamped by the heel of one of 
the sluggers, which may cause him to 
lose his sight. 

There cuuid be no more vivid illustra- 
ti ;.n of the opposite of the Declaration of 
Independence than the working of the 
labor unions, as at present organized. It 
seems clear to us that Christian men 
should ''come out from among them and 
be separate." The maiming and murder- 
ing of men by the unions is becoming so 
common that they scarcely excite com- 

A few dc.ys ago, in Ohio, the barracks 
in which non-union men were sleeping 
were riddled with bullets by the striking 
miners. The press told a few days ago 
01 the killinsJ; of three non-union sailors, 
who were proceeding in an open launch 
to their vei'sel, and were fired on by 

Considering the make-up of our Uni- 
ted StatCo Congress, its decision in the 
Smoot case will be awaited with interest. 
According to the statement of the Wash- 
ington correspondent in the Boston Tran- 
sciipt of March 30, a recent canvass 
showed it to contain 87 per cent of Ma- 
sons in the House of Representatives and 
80 per cent of Mas'ons in the Senate. 
Tlie repoil oi the majority of the com- 
m'ttee, advising the exclusion of Sena- 
tor Smoot, v.'as a surprise. The report is 
ba?ed on the ground that Smoot has 
taken obligations in the Endowment 
House wliici unfit him for an official 
position ir. tne Senate. We note that the 
report of the committee is put over until 
the next Congress. 

While 'v-e believe the report of the 
committee is based on sound principles, 
wt fear that a Congress so largely ]Ma- 
sonic will refuse to adopt the report, real- 
izing that it is "as deep in the mud as 
Smoot is m the mire." 

Civilizations are not founded on dol- 
lars but on men. 

A correspondent writes us from Ober- 
lin, unio, of the practical workings of 
the Knights of King Arthur, the boys' 
lodge that has a foothold in the old First 
Congregational (Finney's) Church of 
that place. The Oberlin News gives an 
account of a boys' "stag" held in the 
First Church chapel, from which we 
take the following: 

Tho Knights of Honor woke np the fel- 
lows with ji ronsing song. Next appeared the 
Knights of King Arthur in a play of three 
acts, which revealed some talent in the line 
of speaking. The program was concluded 
hy a minstrel show given by the Oberlin 
.Junior Republics. It was in five parts, in- 
cluding a cake-walk, duet, clog dancing and 
chorus singing, concluding with the song, 
"Under the Shade of the Old Apple Tree." 



July, 1906. 

Then came a grand march, in which every 
boy participated, giving vent to occasional 

How great a change has. come over 
that church since the days of Finney and 
the founders of Oberhn is not only in- 
dicated by the above, but by the state- 
ment of our correspondent that recently 
one of the leading members of the First 
Church, and a politician, joined the ]\Ia- 

Rev. Dr. J. C. K. Milligan of New 
York City is one of the "shut in" ones 
to whom the Cynosure sends its special 
sympathy. Dr. Milligan has been one 
of the strongest supporters of the work 
of this association, and should have the 
prayers of every reader for his recovery, 
if it be the will of God.. 

The Chicago Central Y. M. C. A. has 
received the Christian Cynosure for its 
reading room, free of charge, for some 
years. We were recently notified that 
they would not receive it longer. Whether 
this indicates the adoption of a definite 
policy on the part of the Y. M. C. A.'s 
01 our country as respects lodges, w^e 
aie not informed. It is significant, how- 
ever, that at the Y. M. C. A. Bible Con- 
ference held last month at Lake Geneva, 
Wis., whicn was attended by some five 
hundred delegates, one of the leaders 
said in substance: ''The fraternities are 
here to sta}, and it is our duty to unite 
with them and so control them for Christ 
and His kingdom." One of the speakers 
following him, said that he joined a col- 
lege fratern.'ty, but its influence was such 
that he Icit it his duty to leave it for 
good. Among other things, it was a 
place "for the telling of off-color stories, 
such as no xuan would repeat in the pres- 
ence of his mother. The leader declared 
that he had done wrong to leave ; that 
he should iiave remained and changed 
the character of the fraternity. 

What a pity that the Y. M. C. A., so 
excellent in many respects, seems to be 
drifting farther and farther away from 
sound prmciples of evangelism. The 
Bible deciaies for separation. The posi- 
tion of this Y. M. C. A. leader says, in 
effect, thaL Limes have changed, and to 

save the Vvorld we should become of it. 
Oi course, some things are too unpopular 
for such leaders to apply their principle 
to. They would not go so far as to advise 
a man to patronize a saloon or house of ill 
fame in order to save its patrons ; but in 
order to save the men who are in secret 
societies, a Christian ought to join the 
societies — be one with the lodge men^ 
and so place himself in a position to "in- 
fluence" tiiem for good. The terrible 
fallacy of this theory has been only too 
often proved in the experience of many 
a one who iias acted upon it to his own 
ruin. It does not work. 


Some of the principles involve keep- 
ing guilty secrets even though the inno- 
cent suffer penalty or lack protection; 
and shielding criminals whether they be 
right or wrong, and whether or not the 
inijocent unjustly suffer on their account 
or in their stead. What plumb, square 
or level trying such work, would suffer 
it to pass a moral test? What is there 
in such flagrant injustice and immorality 
to fit the guilty soul engaging in it for 
a house not made with hands ? 

The claim that Masonry is, as asserted 
elsewhere in the same article, "the old- 
est of earth's institutions" is consistent 
with the implication carried in this ex- 
tract by the phrase, "through the many 
centuries past;" but Grand Lodge Ma- 
sonry dates from 1717 A. D. It is not the 
best, zdsest and purest men, who invent 
the biggest, wildest, falsest stories about 

"The best, wisest, purest men, through the 
many centuries past, have been Masons, cus- 
todians of Masonry's work, and we should 
strive to deliver it to our successors in its 
purity, just as we received it, always trying 
to live in accordance with its principles, so 
that when the Supreme Grand Master has 
sounded his gavel for us ; when we stand in 
His presence and our earthly work is tried, it 
will prove to be plumb, square and level, fit 
for our Supreme Grand Master's use in that 
House not made with hands, eternal in the 
Heavens, which, is the goal which every hu- 
man being, especially every. Mason, should 
diligently strive to attain, and where unity 
and love will never, never end." — H. F. Long 
In Voice-Review, May, 1901. 

July. 19Ci6. 



The National Anniversary. 

Continued from 

New members of the corporate body : 
Rev. Joseph Amick, Elgin. 111. 
Rev. B. E. Bergesen, Chicago. 111. 
Rev. B. H. Einink. Chicago. 111. 
Rev. John W. Brink, ^^luskegon, Mich- 
Rev. Herman Freyling. 
Rev. C. B. Ward, Secunderabad, Dec- 
can. India. 

Dr. X. S. do Couto, Sao Paulo, Bra- 


year 1906- 

Officers elected tor the 
President — Rev. C. A 

D. D. 

\lce-President — Rev. J. Groen. 

Recording Secretary — ]Mrs. X. E. 

General Secretarv and Treasurer — 
Wm. I. Phillips. 

Board of Directors — ^^lessrs. E. A. 
Cook. AV. B. Rose. C. A. Blanchard, 
John [Nlorison. S. H. Swartz. E. Breen, 

E. B. Stewart. Robert Clarke. B. E. Ber- 
gesen, J. ]vl. Hitchcock and H. F. Klet- 

The Coi.vention met on May 9, 1906. 
in the Chicago Avenue Qloody) church. 
with A'ice-President Rev. J. Groen. of 
Grand Rapids, !^Iich., in the chair. The 
Rev. J. W. Brink, of ^luskegon, Mich., 
co.nducted ^he devotional exercises. 

The quaitette of the Moody Bible In- 
stitute sang a hymn, after which Rev. 
Robert Clarke, of the Reformed Presby- 
terian chuich of Chicago, addressed the 
coiigregaiion on the subject of 


I was not expecting to be called on so 
soon. The jubject on which I shall speak 
to }0U to: a few moments is Lodge In- 
consistencies. I shall not attempt to ex- 
haust the subject, but simply make a few 
remarks upon it. 

Elevation of Humanity. 

The hist inconsistency of the lodge 
wliich I r.otice is the claim that the lodge 
exists for the elevation of humanity. This 
is a very plausible claim. Any organiza- 
tic-n that has a riijht to exist must be of 

the June Cj-nosure.) 

some beiichr. directly or indirectly, to 
humanit}-. .-vny organization that is not 
a benefit to humanity has no right to 
eXiSt. So the lodge makes this claim, 
that it exists for the elevation of human- 
ity, for the elevation of the human race. 

The churcii exists for elevating the 
human race into the image and likeness 
of God ; the church vindicates its claim. 
It sets all tiuth on the highest pinnacle 
and tells the truth to the world. 

I have repeatedly expressed my views 
:ai the lod^c question to a friend of mine. 
He says: "If you understood the lodge, 
you woulJ not talk about the lodges as 
}0U do, and would not oppose connec- 
tion with the lodge as you do. There are 
some fine qualities in connection with 
tiie lodge that you do not know." I say, 
"Tell me some.'' He says, "I cannot tell 
vcu." Still I try to persuade him and 
he says. "I wish I could tell you some 
of the fine points in connection with the 
lodge, and ^ome of the fine principles we 
maintain, and some of the truths we 
hold.'' "Ted me some."' "Oh, I must not 
tell you.'' 

Is that not one of the most flagrant 
inconsistencies? Here is a man that is 
possessed of so-called truth, which he 
believes to be a benefit to the human 
race, vet he cannot reveal to me. his 
friend, what that truth is. Yet any truth 
tliat I am possessed of as a Christian 
man. I pass it on to him. and because it 
has been a benefit to me I pass it on. But 
this man sa;S. "I have a truth that will 
do you goud. but I am pledged not to 
tell." Therefore the first inconsistency 
connected with the lodge is the refusal 
to make Known to the world the truth 
that it professes to hold for the elevation 
of humanity. The lodge is no place for 
the light, and so it turns the bushel upside 
down and hides it under the bushel, and 
then says it is going to benefit humanity ! 

Lodge Benevolence. 

Second, theii claims to benevolence are 
inconsistent. X'otice their requirements 
for admission to the lodge. He must be 
an able-bodied man, able to support him- 



July, 1906. 

self and a family if need be ; a man that 
iias all his faculties, or nearly all. When 
a man can take care of himself in every 
wa}-, he dccs not need any help from any- 
body else ; yet he is the man, and the only 
man, that can be allowed in the lodge. 
Let him be disabled, let him be weak 
mentally or phygically, and he cannot be 
admitted nito the lodge ; yet they claim 
it is a benevolent association ! I heard 
a man say the other day, "The lodge that 
I belong to does more benevolent work 
that your church does." I asked for an 
Lccount oi tlic work it had done in the 
past }ear, and he did not show me any 
benevolent work done by it. It is claim- 
ed that they receive three dollars for 
every one chey expend for so-called 
benevolent purposes. An organization 
that has to have three dollars to maintain 
its expenses, while it spends one dollar 
for benevolence, is not truly benevolent. 
Any organization that cannot maintain 
itself more economically than that, is an 
organization that is inconsistent with this 
claim of Denevolence. 

Another inconsistency is that they 
ciami to bring about an equitable rela- 
tionship among the human race. Well, 
that is incorijorated into the word, they 
are organizations, but go back 
again for a moment to one of the points 
at the very iirst, and that is the require- 
ments for admission into the lodge, and 
necessarily, in the very nature of the case, 
its membership must be limited to a cer- 
tain class. Xow, if they hope to bring 
about an equitable condition among the 
sons of men, w^hat is going to become of 
those men and those persons who, from 
the very nature of the case, cannot belong 
to this fraternity? Then it is limited, 
because there are those who never can 
belong to or become a part of the frater- 
nity. An organization that makes claims 
of the promotion of equitable relations be- 
tween all men, and which can only em- 
body a certain part of the human fam- 
ily, is in itself inconsistent. There is no 
such thing as universal fraternity, un- 
less it be some organization that takes in 
all kinds and classes of men, just as the 
church oi the Lord Jesus Christ does. 
See how it works in the family: here is 

a man that belongs to the lodge and he 
says one of the principles of the lodge is 
the promotion of fraternal relations ; he 
has three sons, or one son, and yet he 
cannot tell the son the principles he holds 
in that lodge ; the son must go through 
the initiation service before he can. This 
man must hide from his wife the princi- 
ples that he says are so good. It ruins 
the family relations, and yet he claims it 
.will promote fraternity throughout the 
world. Here again is inconsistency. 
Rival of the Church. 

Then again, the lodge claims that it 
will not interfere with a man's church 
relationship. This is absolutely untrue.. 
Note an illustration from a testimony that 
was given this morning. Here are the 
lodge and the church existing side by 
side. Here is a man who belongs to the 
church and belongs to the lodge. The 
lodge arranges its meeting for Wednes- 
day evening, the time usually given to 
the church prayer and praise service, and 
the lodge says : "You must attend this 
meeting ; the church must arrange its 
meeting for some other night." So he 
attends the Ipdge. Inconsistency again in 
this relationship. 

False Religion. 

Inconsistency is shown again in the 
claim that man goes from the lodge be- 
low to the grand lodge above. It is uni- 
versallv acknowledged that the lodges 
almost without exception ignore the name 
of Jesus Christ ; from a concihatory feel- 
ing that name is eliminated ; yet Jesus 
saA's : 'T am the way, the truth and the 
life : no man cometh unto the Father but 
bv me." Notwithstanding this organiza- 
tion says it will transfer a man from the 
lodge below to the grand lodge above, 
while it ignores the only One who is the 
wav to God the Father. 

These are only a very few of the in- 
consistencies. Inconsistency is written 
all over the lodge. I regret that my 
talk has had to be so fraomentarw 

W'Q should give forth welcome and 
hospitality as a ball of fire gives off* heat 
or an electric jet disseminates light. 

Good health is one of the foundation 
stones of domestic happiness. 

July. 19<J6. 





yir. Chairman and friends: When the 
honored secretar}- of the Association, 
Brother PhiUips, asked me to speak here 

ih'-S ?.f:rr-T^ -". '- ■ first impuhe was to 


say n-j. for the reason that there are 
those who are so much more in the work 
thaii I am, and so much more familiar 
with the workings of the orders, that I 
thought it wouM be an imposition for me 
to say anything: but some years ago I 
formed this resolution : \\'haiever L am 
asked to do in Christian service. If I am 
auie. to do it. and as there is not a verv 
good reason why I should refuse. T will 
du the best I can. Later Brother Hitch- 
cock asked me what phase of the subject 
I would discuss. That made me fear and 
tremble, because lately I have been so 
much engaged in my duties in the college 
tiiat I knew I would not have the time 
to study any particular phase of the suij- 
ject, so a? to discuss it thoroughly, and 
therefore I said to him that I would make 
some informal remarks on the them;r of 
some things an outsider has learned aiboiit 
secret societies. Xecessarily my remarks 
will therefore be somewhat ramblinii. I 

nave not made a recent investigation of 
the subject, so I will have to draw on my 
memory, but I assure you I shall not 
draw on my imagination. 

j-t has often been asserted — doubtless 
you have heard it — that an outsider can- 
not know annhing about the lodge and 
therefore the wisest thing for him to do 
is to keep still. I know, however, that 
dunng the years that I have been inter- 
ested in this subject, I have learned a 
number of things about lodges. I kfWZL^ 
t'tiRt I have, and I have done this in 
a perfectly legitimate way. I never had 
the cable-tow about my neck: I never 
was in the lodge-room when the lodge 
was in session; so I claim to be entirel} 
an outsider, and what knowledge I have 
gained others can gain without going into 
the lodge, and I hope if there are any 
skeptics as to that here this afternoon. I 
shall be able to convince them that they 
can get the same knowledge that I have, 
and even more, if they will only take a 
little time, and a little money perhaps, 
and pay a little attention to the subject. 
Facts About the Mother. 

Xow, m speaking of this subject, it 
might be well enough for me to say at 
the outset that it will be impossible to 
-discuss all the secret societies that there 
are. for their name is legion, but perhaps 
many of you have already discovered by 
this time that there is one that is a sc-rt 
of mother of them all : it certainly makes 
claims enough to entitle it to be the great- 
grandmother of all the lodges that have 
ever been in the world. I refer, of course. 
to the ^lasonic lodge. About this I know 
a few things, and in the first place I have 
learned that it is a secret society. This 
I presume everybody knows that knows 
amthing about Masonr}-. It is a secret 
societv and in order to gain admission 
to its doors in the regular way it will 
be necessar}- for me, or for you. to make 
ceitain pledges. Certainly you shall have 
to promise that you will keep secret the 
doings behind its closed doors. This Is 
true of all lodges. The Lord Jesus 
Christ said, 'Tn secret I have said noth- 
ing.'" He ever spake openly to the world. 
So I believe it is safe to assen that the 
lodge system, the whole lodge system 
( not onlv Masonr^-. but all secret socie- 


July, 1906. 

ties) is contrary to the example of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

Knowledge from Masonic Books. 

Another thing I have learned: though 
Masonry is a secret society and en- 
deavors, at least, to keep a great many 
things secret as to its organization and 
as to its workings and principles, there 
are a number of things that Masonry is 
entirely willing to have the world know. 
At least there are books published that 
can be bought in the regular book stores, 
or of ^lasonic publishing firms. I my- 
self purchased a number of these books : 
^^'ebb's Monitor, and Mackey's Ritualist, 
and I have in my hand McCoy's Masonic 
^Manual, so there are some things that 
]\Iasonry is willing the outside world 
should know. Whether or not these 
books represent Masonry I will not dis- 
cuss at this 'time, but we may be certain 
that if they misrepresent Masonry at all, 
they certainly give it as good an appear- 
ance as they can before the outside 
world. If there are some misrepresenta- 
tions, these will be misrepresentations 
that are favorable to the lodge rather 
than adverse, and all the criticism that 
we may gain from these books against 
the order must stand as being fully jus- 
tified. Doubtless Masonry is worse than 
this little book shows it to be. 

Now what can we learn from these 
books ? The very first thing that a study 
of the books will impress upon the miinds 
of the readers will be that Masonry 
claims to be a religious organisation. 
The book is full of quotations from the 
Bible, mostly from the Old Testament, 
but some from the New. There is a 
great deal of talk about the religion of 
^Masonry. Webb's Masonic Monitor says 
distinctly : 

"The meeting of a Masonic lodge is strict- 
ly a religious ceremony. So broad is the re- 
ligion of Masonry, and so carefully are all 
sectarian tenets excluded from the system, 
that the Christian, the Jew and the Moham- 
medan, in all their numberless sections and 
divisions, may and do harmoniously combine 
in its moral and intellectual work with the 
Buddhist the Parsee, the Confucian and the 
worshipers of Deity under every form."- 

It is a religious organization then. 
Some mien will, at the very mention of 
the word religion, say: ''Masonry is not 

a religion." Then why does it pose as a 
religious organization? Men have told 
me : ''Masonry is a religious organiza- 
tion ; you ought not to oppose us as you 
do ; you ought to co-operate with us." 
Well, so is Buddhism, so is Mormonism, 
so is Confucianism a rehgion ; so are all 
tiie idolatries that the world has ever 
known religions. Of course we as 
Christians will not admit that they are 
true religions ; we claim that they are all 
false religions, and so is every one ex- 
cept the religion of the Lord Jesus 
Christ. Is this the religion of our Lord 
Jesus Christ that is taught in this little 
book that I have in my hand (McCoy's 
Masonic Manual), and in others of a sim- 
ilar character? Webb's Monitor says 
distinctly that so broad is the religion 
of Masonry that the Christian, the Jew, 
the Mohammedan, the Confucian, the 
Buddhist, the Parsee, and to sum it all 
up, "the worshipers of Deity under every 
form," may and do take part in the work 
of Masonry. It is evidently, then, a re- 
ligion that is intended to include all re- 
ligions ; and Christians that are ready to 
bow at the altar of Baal, as well as at 
the altar of Christ, may perhaps be jus- 
tified in going into the Masonic lodge. It 
IS practically Baal worship. 

To further strengthen this point, which 
I have no doubt is familiar to most of 
you, I w^ll say that the prayers of the 
Masonic lodge are all Christless prayers, 
until you get to the Knights Templar de- 
gree, and there they have a degree espe- 
ciallv made for those whose consciences 
require a little Christianity injected into 
their idolatry, and there they say some- 
thing about the Lord Jesus Christ and re- 
peat the Lord's Prayer; and then in or- 
der not to offend the Mohammedan, they 
have a degree still higher (the Mystic 
Shrine), which is a Mohammedan de- 
gree. I have a card which a man high 
ill the Order handed me with a great deal 
of pride (he lives not very far from 
here), showing all the various lodges to 
which he has the honor of belonging, and 
en it are some beautiful pictures ; one is a 
Maltese cross and the other is a crescent ; 
the crescent for Mohammedans, the cross 
for the Christian. But Masons below 
these high degrees are not permitted to 

July, lOOf). 


pray in the name of Christ. Webb says 
so distinctly in his Masonic Monitor. He 
say£ that in theory the whole world of 
Masons ir. supposed to be assembled at 
the lodge meeting, and therefore prayer 
in the name of Christ would evidently be 
inappropriate because no one has a right 
to say anything that may offend the con- 
science of any Masonic brother. 

The same thing appears, perhaps still 
more emphatically, when we read some 
of the quotations that they make from 
the Word of God. Now if you have your 
Testaments' or your Bibles with you, turn 
to 2 Thes., 3d chapter, and let me read 
from the sixth verse to the sixteenth. I 
will first read from McCoy's Masonic 
Manual : 

''Now we command you, brethren, that 
ye withdraw yourselves from every 
brother that walketh disorderly." You 
will find the words in your Bible to read : 
^*Now we command you, brethren, in the 
name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye 
withdraw yourselves." etc. Masonry 
cuts the name of the Lord Jesus Christ 
out of His own book ! Then further 
down in that same passage we read from 
tlie Bible : "Now them that are such we 
command and exhort by our Lord Jesus 
Christ that with quietness they work," 
etc., but Masonry says: "Now them that 
are such we command and exhort that 
with quietness they work." 

Perhaps I have said enough to con- 
vince all of you that Masonry, as far as 
it is a religion, is to say the least a non- 
chnstian religion, and that to every sin- 
cere Christian it means an anti-christian 
reigion, because there is only one Media- 
tor between God and man, the man 
Christ Jesus. He is the only hope of our 
sahation, and to cut His name out of His 
Word, to leave Him out of our prayers, 
intentionally, means to work against 
rather than for our blessed Savior and 
His Kingdom. 

The /Vlother Justified by Her Children 

But there are other sources of infor- 
mation besides this little book that I have 
in my hand, and other books like it. 

A great many things may be learned 
from admissions made by Masons them- 
selves. ] remember on one occasion, 
when we had at our chapel a meeting on 

the subject of the lodge, and the Masons 
were cordially invited to take part, a gen-^ 
tleman who had been something of a Ma- 
sonic author, and high up in the lodge, 
got up and defended the order, and what 
do you think his defense was? It was 
that this world is full of selfishness, and 
Masonry is organized selfishness. Ma- 
sonry is organized selfishness. Of course 
it is true. If the Masons would always 
speak as truthfully as did this Mason, 
we should certainly give them credit for 
telling the truth, even when the truth is 
against their own institution. 

Facts from Seceders. 

I might spend the rest of my time in 
discussing that one proposition, but there 
is something else I wish to say before I 
close, and that is that I have had abund- 
ant evidence to convince me that the rev- 
elations of Masonry are to be relied on in 
their entirety. Take Bernard's and Ro- 
nayne's books, and other books of like 
character. What they say about the lodge 
is true, and it is a valid source of infor- 
mation for me. Why? I have tested this 
matter several times. One time I made 
this test : I was talking to a very bright 
man, a gentleman of color. He had 
joined th: lodge, a lodge of colored Ma- 
sons. I knew him quite well and I want- 
ed to remonstrate and labor with him on 
this subject. He was a iriend of mine ; 
he was a student in our college at the 
tiuic. He was Grand Lecturer for the 
colored Masons in the State of Illinois. I 
began to quote one of the oaths to him 
that I had learned from one of these rev- 
elations, and I hesitated after a while and 
could nor go on. That man just began 
where I left off and repeated the oath 
word for word. I was astonished : and I 
was astonished that he should do so re- 
gardless of his oath not to reveal, and I 
spoke to him about it, and he said, "We 
don't, any of us, attach any importance 
to that oath. \Yq do not intend to keep 
It ; it does not mean anything.'" But he 
quoted that horrible oath, with all of the 
throat-cuttings and tearing out of 
tongues, and tearing open the breast, and 
aii that sort of thing, so I knew the reve- 
lations were correct. I have heard again 
and again some enthusiastic Mason say : 
"That man is a perjured wretch." Why 


July, 1906. 

is he a perjured wretch? He took an 
oath that he would not reveal anything 
pertaining to ]Masonry, he violated that 
oath, therefore he is a perjured wretch, 
according to the opinion of the Mason. 
If that iNlason had not know^n that the 
oath was violated, that other man would 
simply be a liar and not a perjurer. The 
very fact that these men, who make these 
revelations, have again and again been 
accused of being perjurers by adhering 
Masons, proves conclusively that the rev- 
elations are true ; but they are not perjur- 
ers any more than Herod would have 
been a perjurer if he had refused to exe- 
cute John the Baptist after he had taken 
that infamous oath. The thing to repent 
of is the oath and not the renouncing of 
tlie oath; in this particular case. 

Once I directed a letter to a Christian 
^lason, a great-hearted man. He was a 
man who seemed to have some con- 
science on other questions, and I quoted 
tlie oaths to him and admonished him to 
get out of the wicked institution. He re- 
plied to my letter. He did not contradict 
a smgle statement that I made, but he 
began to justify that horrible oath. He 
did not say in so many words, "What 
}cu say is true," but he admitted it by 
endeavoring to justify it. 

Now^ I think my time is up. The sum 
and substance of what I wish to say is 
that an outsider can learn about Mason- 
IV and about secret societies: First, that 
thev are secret societies, and that in or- 
der to enter them people have to take an 
oath to conceal they know not what. Sec- 
ond, that there are certain books that are 
published with the authority of the 
lodges ; that in them there are many 
tilings that can be learned about the 
lodges, and especially we can learn that 
l;he lodges are unchristian in their char- 
acter, rejecting the Lord Jesus Christ. 
Third, the revelations of Masonry may be 
lelied upon as being;- true ; and all of these 
together go to prove that Masonry and 
other secret societies are socially organ- 
ized selfishness ; politically, they are a 
menace to our Republic by all their gran- 
diloquent titles and the tyrannical power 
that they put into the hands of one man ; 
ana lastly, they are opposed to the only 


Mr. Hitchcock : The only thing I 
care to say in this Convention is upon the 
point that Professor Fischer has made — 
the reliability of the printed exposes of 
Masonry. We have had in this church 
as pastor's assist for eleven years the 
Rev. Wm. S. Jacoby. He has made him-. 
self very much beloved by every one in 
this church. Mr. Jacoby had been for 
years a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, and not only that, but he had been 
an officer of the Masonic lodge in the 
State of Iowa. He has made addresses 
several times -in this church, as well as 
outside in other cities, upon this subject, 
and when the question was put to Mr. 
Jacoby a year ago as to whether these 
exposes that have been made by such men 
as Charles G. Finney, Edmond Ronayne 
and others, whether they were reliable, 
he said publicly that they are true. I 
want to emphasize that, because you peo- 
ple have confidence in Mr. Jacoby, who 
left us only a few days ago to labor with 
Torrey and Alexander in Philadelphia. 
I want every one who goes away from 
here, if they ever have had a doubt in 
their minds, just to remember that Mr. 
Jacoby says that these printed exposi- 
tions are true. 

Among the good friends of the Na- 
tional Christian Association and warmly 
interested in its work are the editors of 
the Herald of the King. See advertise- 
ment in this number. Any wishing sam- 
ple copies may obtain them by address- 
ing either the magazine named or the 

Beware of the kisses of an enemy 
though he comes with his "hail Master" 
on his lips. Remember what took place 
at the gate of Gethsemane. 

To be reconciled to our lot is the basis 
of contentment. To be reconciled to God 
is the sure ground of hope. 

He who at the end of the day has gain- 
ed nothing but his income has lost a day. 

July. ]1)06. 






I have two notions as I begin to-day, 
and the first one is that you are well 
enough informed in Scripture and that I 
shall not bring to 
you anything new 
and exciting in 
quoting the Bible; 
and the second is 
that as I only have 
twenty minutes of 
time and have 
twelve points at 
least that I wish 
to make, you will 
have to keep your 
wits alive and do 
a good deal of in- 
ferring as to what I might say and what 
I might offer by way of explana- 
tion and application if I had the 
time to do it. The denomination to which 
I belong lodges its first and great objec- 
tion to secrecy on the ground of the oath. 
It believes that the oath is a violation of 
the teaching of the Sermon on the 
Mount, when Christ said : 

"Again, ye have heard that it hath been 
said by them of old time. Thou shalt not 
fors\vear thyself, but shalt perform unto the 
Lord thine oaths. But I say unto you, 
Swear not at all ; neither by heaven, for it is 
God's throne; nor by the earth, for it is His 
footstool ; neither by Jerusalem, for it is the 
city of the great King. Neither shalt thou 
swear by thy head, because thou canst not 
make one hair black or white. But let your 
communication be yea, yea ; nay, nay ; for 
whatsoever is more than these cometh of 

It is believed by our church that the 
oaths that are taken in lodges are con- 
trary to this Scripture. In fact, when 
you run against a Quaker and undertake 
to argue the question with him, when he 
says he prefers to affirm rather than to 
swear when he pledges himself to any- 
thing under the government's direction, 
you have a little bit of difficulty in an- 
swering the Quaker ; at least I do. 

When the oath can be administered 
by the divine institutions of the church 
and state, the question arises, On what 
ground does the secret order administer 
the oath? The lodge is not a judicial 

function, it is not a function of the state, 
nor of the church ; and by what right- 
shall it require a man to swear at all ? I 
have never been able to find one man 
among these secret orders that can give 
an intelligent answer to that question. 
The most of them do not ever think of 
it until some one brings it to their atten- 
tion, as I have done a great many times 
in pastoral work, and then they dodge the 
question. It is the teaching of the Ser- 
mon on the Mount that we have to deal 
with. I believe that a great many people 
are guilty of violating the teaching of 
Jesus Christ in this particular. The man 
who violates it may not be even a mem- 
ber of a secret lodge. I think we have 
forgotten that that is a portion of the 
Sermon on the Mount ; and it was not a 
statement that just crept in by some sort 
of misunderstanding, but it is a statement 
that is reiterated in the Epistle of James. 
He says : ''But above all things, my 
brethren, swear not; neither by heaven, 
neither by the earth, neither by any other 
oath; but let your communication be 
yea, yea ; nay, nay ; lest ye fall into con- 

And why should I, as the Quaker 
would say, an honest man, need an oath ? 
If a man intends to tell the truth, why 
should he not tell it? That is the posi- 
tion of our church fundamentally, and 
the only decision that it has in its creed 
in opposition to the secret orders. It 
hints at a number of other things, but 
that is the fundamental objection in our 
minds, and I have never yet seen any 
answer to it. The oath violates the teach- 
ing of Scripture in the Sermon on the 
Mount, "Swear not at all." We do not 
need to concern ourselves with the nature 
of the oath — such oaths as belong to 
Masonry. We do not need to take that 
up. If it were a simple sort of an oatli. 
the question would still be there. Wlien 
a man lifts his hand and in the name of 
God takes any sort of an oath, it is a 
fact that ought to require thoughtful. 
Christian people to stop and meditate. 

The second Scripture that I think is 
violated in these secret orders is in this 
same Gospel of Matthew, the 23d chap- 
ter, where Christ says of the Scribes and 
Pharisees : 


July, 1906. 

"They bind heavy burdens and grievous to 
be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders ; 
but they themselves will not move them with 
one of their fingers. But all their works they 
do for to be seen of men ; they make broad 
their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders 
of their garments ; and love the uppermost 
rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the 
synagogues, and greetings in the markets, 
and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. But 
be not ye called Rabbi ; for one is your Mas- 
ter, even Christ ; and all ye are brethren. 
And call no man your father upon the earth ; 
for one, is your Father, which is in heaven. 
Neither be ye called Masters, for one is your 
Master, even Christ. But he that is great- 
est among you shall be your servant. And 
whosoever shall exalt himself shall be 
abased : and he that shall humble himself 
shall be exalted." 

In many ways these secret or- 
ders violate that Scripture. There are 
names here that are intended to be names 
of reverence and authority, and not to be 
used in the relations that men sustain one 
to another. These lodges, without excep- 
tion, I think, make use of such names — 
at least the great majority of them do — 
as Most Worshipful Master and Supreme 
Commander, and all that sort of thing, 
using the namics that ought to be spoken 
with reverence ; they use them in ways 
that the Scripture here forbids. I am 
sure it ought to be a thing repulsive .to a 
man of God to listen to the long- 
drawn-out and high-sounding and non- 
sensical titles that are applied to the offi- 
cials in many of these lodges, and cer- 
tainly it is out of harmony with not only 
the letter but the spirit of the whole 
teaching of Christ. And along with these 
high-sounding titles comes a great dis- 
play of fine garments and of the decora- 
tions on their hats and coats — all 
the supply of decorations that belong 
to a lodge outfit, which is entirely con- 
trary to the spirit of Christ's teachings. 
The idea of the lodge is to exalt and dis- 
play a man before his fellow. men, which 
IS contrary to the thought of Jesus Christ 
in this passage, and it is also contrary to 
the 20th of Matthew, where he says : 

"Te know that the rulers of the Gentiles 
exercise dominion over them ; and they that 
are great exercise authority upon them. But 
it shall not be so among you ; but whoso- 
ever will be great among you, let him be 

your servant; and whosoever will be chief 
among you, let him be your servant; even 
as the Son of Man came not to be ministered 
unto but to minister, and to give His life 
a ransom for many." 

In the spirit of these two selec- 
tions you will find that every lodge vio- 
lates the Scripture. I do not think it 'S 
worth while to make any exception. 

You will remember in the Revelation, 
when John says he was about to worship 
the angel, the angel said, "See thou do it 
not." You remember in the Acts, when 
the people were about to worship Paul 
and Barnabas, these men rushed in haste 
to forbid them. No semblance of wor- 
ship of our fellow-men is allowed in the 
Scripture, yet in the terms ''Worshipful 
Master," etc., and approaches to men 
made in such solemn mockery as is done 
in the rites of the lodge, you have that 
which is forbidden by both precept and 
example in the Scripture. 

Take such statements as 'T spake open- 
ly," and that statement in the 3d chapter 
of John about evil and darkness : 

"This is the judgment, that light is come 
into the world, and men loved darkness 
rather than light, because their deeds were 
evil. For 'every one that doeth evil hateth 
the light, neither cometh to the light, lest 
his deeds should be reproved. But he that 
doeth truth cometh to the light, that his 
deeds may be made manifest, that they are 
wrought in God." 

The spirit of these institutions is not 
in accord with these passages, and a fail- 
ure of fruitage unto truth can be charg- 
ed to any one of them. What truth has 
any, or all of these lodges combined, ever 
given to this world, with all their pre- 
tended mysteries? What truth that has 
ever ministered to the need of any man 
has any, or all of them, ever brought to 
this world ? There is not any that I have 
ever heard of. A failure to bear fruit in 
the truth can be charged to any and all of 
them. What is to be the outcome of the 
life of any one who knows the truth? He 
is to bear fruit unto truth. 

The fourth point I wish to make is 
that of companionship, taking such pas- 
sages as you find in 2d Cor-. 6 : 

"And w^hat concord hath Christ with Be- 
lial? or what part hath he that believeth 
with an infidel? and what agreement hath 

July. 1906. 


the temple of God with idols? For ye are 
the temple of the living God; as God hath 
said, I will dwell in them, and walk in 
them ; and I will be their God, and they shall 
be my people. Wherefore come out from 
among them and be ye separate." 

This is commonly quoted in respect to 
the lodge, but there is another passage 
in 1st Cor. 5, which I believe should be 
applied to them : 

"I wrote unto you in an epistle not to 
company with fornicators : yet not altogether 
with the fornicators of this world, or with 
the covetous or extortioners, or with idola- 
ters ; for then must ye needs go out of the 
world. But now I have written unto you not 
to keep company if any man that is called a 
brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an 
idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an 
extortioner : with such an one no not to eat." 

Now the epistle says you cannot apply 
this principle to the people that are of 
the world, because you would have 
to go out of the world; but you can ap- 
ply it where you have to call a man a 
brother in association, and that applies to 
the church first of all ; not in the church 
shall you call a man brother who is a 
fornicator, or extortioner, or any of these 
things : he should not be allow^ed to have 
fellowship in the church. In the same 
way it applies to the lodge, in my judg- 
ment; for the lodge is a companionship 
under the name of brother, and all lodges 
claim to be a great brotherhood, a place 
of fraternal fellowship. The Scripture 
forbids such a brotherhood and fellow- 
ship, where there is any one of the type 
named in the association or fellowship, 
and I challenge you to find many lodges 
in this city, or in this country, that do 
not have a number of men of this type 
All brotherhood, as the epistle distinctly 
declares, calls for separation from asso- 
ciation where any such moral conditions 

I go on to say again that the lodge vio- 
lates the teaching of Scripture, in re- 
spect to the Lord Jesus Christ. I cite 
1st John 2 : 22-23, where it is said : 

"Who is a liar, but he that denieth that 
Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist that 
denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever 
denieth the Son, the same hath not the Fa- 
ther ; but he that acknowledgeth the Son 
hath the Father also." 

Without a distinct confession of Jesus 
Christ as God, there is the anti-Christ 
present in any association. This, I be- 
lieve, is profoundly true of the lodge. 
The church is founded upon the confes- 
sion of Christ, the Son of the Living God, 
wdio loved the church and gave Himself 
for. it. It is the first thing in its concep- 
tion, it is the great thing of its life as an 

The lodge itself is hostile to the 
church ; it does not love the church ; it 
does not love the Christ of the church; 
it does not do that which ministers to 
the advancement of the church ; it is not 
its purpose and aim so to do. Again, it 
does not have a gospel ; it does not obey 
that erreat commission of the Lord when 
He said: "Go ye into all the world and 
preach the Gospel to everv^ creature." 
The lodge is not in the business of 
preaching the Gospel ; it lacks the evan- 
gel. Why does it lack the evangel ? This 
is the next point. It does not have faith 
in Jesus Christ ; it does not preach : "Be- 
lieve on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou 
shalt be saved"; "There is none other 
name under heaven, given among men, 
whereby we must be saved." 

It lacks faith in Christ working by 
love. It does not preach the Christian 
doctrine of love in ist Cor. 13 ; it does 
not have the love, it does not preach it. 
"Though I have the gift of prophecy, 
and know ajl mysteries and all knowl- 
edge" (suppose you have a lot of mys- 
teries tied up in the lodge), "and though 
I have all faith, so that I could remove 
mountains ; and though I bestow all my 
goods to feed the poor" (if the lodge has 
bestowed charity — which I do not be- 
lieve — but suppose it has done it) ; "and 
though I give my body to be burned, and 
have not love, it proiiteth me nothing." 
What does love mean ? The lore of God. 
It does not mean the human love, or the 
sentimental love and relation between 
man and man. That was the mistake 
that Drummond made in his effort to de- 
fine this chapter. It means tJie lore of 
God. That is the only love that can be 
greater than faith, greater than prophecy, 
greater than anything else : and the lodge 
is absolutely destitute of the love of God, 
because it is destitute of the faith in 


July. I'.Xwj 

Tesus Chrisr, and there cannot be love 
to God without faith in Jesus Christ: it 
does not preach the faith, it cannot have 
tlie love. 

The lodge does not teach the principle 
of self-denial: that a man should deny 
himself and take up his cross and follow 
Christ daily : that is not the teaching of 
the lodge, therefore it is contrarv- to the 
Christian spirit : it does not have the 
Spirit of Christ. It d<3es not. as did the 
lirst band of disciples, meet to pray that 
the Holy Spirit might come with power 
to witness to Jesus Christ : it does not 
assemble in the Spirit, nor ser^'e in the 
Spirit : and if any man. or institution. 
has not the Spirit of Christ, it is none of 
His. That is Biblical, is it not? 

For ail these reasons and others that 
I m.ight give. I do not believe that the 
secret ledge is in s^Tnpathy with the pro- 
found and universally accepted teachings 
of the Scripture in the evangelical 
churches. The principles that I have laid 
do\\Ti are principles that are accepted by 
all the evangelical churches. I do not 
know of any church, that we would honor 
as 2. church, that does not accept all the 
principles that I have laid down here 
from the Scripture, except it be the first 
v\-ith respect to the oath. But these last 
— the proclamation of faith in Christ, the 
nee es sit}- of having shed abroad in the- 
heart the love of G^d, the great doctrine 
of the practice of self-denial, the sound- 
ing of the Gospel to the ends 'of the earth, 
the preaching of salvation to lost men. 
the assembling in the power of the Spirit, 
worshiping in the Spirit, conscious of the 
presence of the Spirit, having the Spirit 
of God — these are not found in the lodge, 
and therefore I do not believe that, be- 
ing out of hamiony with all fundamental 
teachings of Scripture, it is as an insti- 
tution worthy for a moment of a place 
in the a5ections of the Christian, espe- 
cially as it is in many cases assumed to 
be a substitute for the church on the part 
of the ungodly. Every pastor knows that 
when he gets a lodge man into the heat 
of argtrment, he will declare that if he 
lives up to the principles of his lodge he 
will go to heaven as surely as the man 
who lives up to the principles of. his 
church : and thus, in the mind of the 

ungodly, it is a substitute for the church. 
It interferes with a divine institution; it 
is not in accord with divine principles as 
laid do^^Tl in Scripture : and therefore it 
is not worthy of the affection or the in- 
terest of a Christian, whose whole inter- 
est and ailection should be absorbed in 
the things of Christ : it is at enmit}- with 
the Spirit of Christ and with the love of 
God shed abroad 'in the heart. 

The Chairman : I do not know how 
you feel, but it seems to me that Brother 
Stewart's address was too short. 

You may not aU be aware of the fact 
that one of the "\^'orshipful INIasters of 
a Xew York INIasonic lodge got into trou- 
ble because he found that the lodge need- 
ed to be reformed, and when he under- 
took to bring this about, he was suspend- 
ed, and finally excluded. He brought 
suit before the Appellate Court of the 
State of Xew York to be restored to his 
position as a member ot the Alasonic 
lodge of that State : he had been a mem- 
ber for a great many }'ears. and he want- 
ed to be restored. What do you suppose 
v.^as the ground that the Grand Lodge of 
the State of Xew York took for prevent- 
ing his being received back into fellow- 
ship in the INIasonic lodge? It v\-as the 
ground that the INIasonic lodge is so 
much like a church that the laws which 
govern churches and church members are 
the laws that should be apphed to INIa- 
sonic lodges, and hence the civil court 
had no right to say amthing about who 
should be a member of the INIasonic 
lodge. The court sustained the position 
of the Grand Lodsre. 

'CiCd--- C 

One may sleep a: las' 

ment of gold. 
And have accomplished little that is 

worth beine told. 

One candle m 



one good life may fill a neighborhood 
with light and still shine as brightly as 

:?orrow is oitenumes me coverea way 
through which we walk into the king- 
dom of the lieht that never stows dim. 

JlllV. lf«>j. 






A few days ago a gentleman entered 
my office, and I looked up and was a lit- 
tle surprised to see my friend and broth- 
er Hitchcock. 
He immedi- 
ately said. 
■■\\' e want 
>ou to give a 
talk over at 
the Annual 
Meeting, and 
I called to 
get the sub- 
ject that you 
want to speak 
en." I was 
quite taken 
aback. I said. "You will have to wait a 
moment." and so I thought rapidly and 
told him I would talk awhile on "'^vlason- 
ry and the Churches." After he had 
gone. I v\-ould have been glad to have 
changed the topic a little. It was hasty 
work, which is not always the best. 

I read a while ago of a young colored 
man who had become attached to a yoimg 
colored woman. He had become attach- 
ed to her so much that he concluded that 
if she would consent he would make her 
his wife. Being of a bashful turn, he 
concluded he would carry on the conver- 
sation relative to that over the 'phone. 
So he rung up the house where she 
worked and asked if ^liss Jane v/as in. 
and they said yes ; he asked if she would 
conie to the 'phone, and she did. He 
said. "I have a very important question 
to ask you. I want to ask you if you 
will consent to be my wife?" And she 
said. "Yes. sir : who is this, please?" 

So I consented hastily to speak on this 
topic, and yet I have not regretted it. 
though I would like to change the sub- 
ject to: Secrecy and the Churches. 

Masonry claims quite correctly to be 
the fountain-head and spring, so you will 
not object if I simply talk about secrecy 
and the churches. I am glad that there 
are so many good, solid reasons why we 
should, in a proper manner and at the 
proper time and in a proper spirit, oppose 
secrecv. God sa\s : "Thou shalt not for- 

swear thyself." That ought to be suffi- 
cient to keep any God-fearing man or a 
God-fearing woman from forswearing 
himself or herself. It has already been 
quoted concerning the Lord Jesus Christ, 
the Son of God, that He "ever spake 
openly, and in secret,"' He said, "have 
I said nothing." 

The great apostle Paul said: "For it is 
a shame even to speak of those things 
which are done of them in secret," and 
along with the Almighty God, and tlie 
Lord Jesus Christ and the apostle Paul 
there follows an array of men and wom- 
en occupying the highest positions attord- 
ed to mere mortals in this world — occu- 
pying eminent positions in every walk of 
life — who have clearly and forcibly and 
methodically and continuously spoken 
out against secrecy. The most eminent 
statesmen of the world have declared 
against it. ^ly little ten minutes will not 
allow the naming of m.any of them. There 
are ^\'illiam H. Seward, Senator Everett 
and Charles Sumner : and when we come 
to the clerg}' we find the names of hon- 
ored bishops and honored pastors and 
honored evangelists by scores and hun- 
dreds, giving their voices and using their 
best elTorts against organized secrecy; 
and amongst the educators of the world, 
those who have stood as the very highest 
type have spoken words of condemna- 
tion. Dr. D. W. C. Huntington. C. AV. 
\\'inchester, and the men now at the 
head of our universities, many of them, 
are pronounced in their opposition to se- 
crecy. Our old commander. L'. S. Grant, 
spoke against lodgery : and the queen of 
womanhood, you remember her words, 
that she became more and more opposed 
to secrecy the more carefully she con- 
sidered its false teaching. 

I regret the existence of so many de- 
nominations, with the "isms" innumera- 
ble attached thereto. I regret it. but I 
suppose the church of the Lord Jesus 
Christ, the separated ones, the called out 
ones, are the faithful, the true in all 
these various and varied bodies, and 
hence I know the church of the Lord Je- 
sus Christ is in opposition to secrecy, or 
organized selfishness. 

The \Vord of God speaks of the church 
in a verv beautiful figure, a verv lovelv 


July, 1906. 

figure. "Who is she that looketh forth 
as the morning?" — universally, regularly, 
continually. "Who is she that looketh 
forth as the morning, fair as the moon, 
clear as the sun, and terrible as an army 
with banners ?" There she stands, fair to 
look upon, "not having spot or wrinkle, 
or any such thing; holy and without 
blemish." And then the figure intensi- 
fies, "clear as the sun," — penetrating, 
searching, seeking out, making careful 
inquiry ; no doubtful thing, no uncertain 
thing, no mixed thing, no crooked thing 
in connection with the real church of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. And then, "terrible 
as an army with banners." There is the 
removal of all the lazy and of all the in- 
ditlerent, and all the careless and all the 
cowardly and all the compromising ; all 
of them were "terrible as an army with 
banners." Organized for the fight, ready 
for the fray, for the conflict, ready to 
''earnestly contend for the faith which 
was once delivered unto the saints." 
Ready not only to embrace, but to re- 
fuse ; ready not only to endorse, but to 
condemn as well. The Church of the 
Living God, the unselfish church. That 
is the figure that is given there, and the 
counterpart, for the companion piece, is 
given by the apostle where he says, 
"Christ loved the church and gave Him- 
self for it." "God so loved the world." 
"Christ loved the church, and gave him- 
self for it, that he might sanctify and 
cleanse it with the washing of water by 
the word, that he might present it to 
himself a glorious church, not having 
spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; but 
that it should be holy and without blem- 

The church as we see it is not always 
after the pattern that I have been refer- 
ring to. Some spots exist, some wrinkles 
are found, some indifference, some lazi- 
ness, some criticisms — some of these 
things are found in the professed church 
of the Lord Jesus Christ. They should 
not be there. 

The church is supposed to be unselfish ; 
her membership unselfish, and hence the 
opposite of clannish. You know Paul 
said when he spoke plainly that he did 
not use craftiness, and he did not distort 
the Word of God at all — nothing of that 

kind. Neither do the ministers, the real 
ministers, of the Son of God. 

We witness selfishness, and sometimes 
some of our members feel a little of it. I 
was in attendance a little over a year ago 
at a campmeeting in southern Ohio, and 
there were attending the meetings a gen- 
tleman and his wife, who lived a few 
miles away. They were not tenting on 
the ground but came every day, and one 
day the gentleman approached me and 
said, "Will you take lunch with us ?" and 
I said regretfully that I had already 
promised. From the looks of his wife T 
concluded that she was an excellent 
housewife, and would bring along a nice 
lunch, and, perhaps being just a little un- 
mannerly, I said, "I will to-morrow, if 
that will do." So to-morrow came and 
they came for me, and they spread their 
lunch out under a big oak tree on the 
grounds, and I sat down. I noticed that 
it was excellent, and in the center of the 
white cloth was a little mound of nice 
peaches. As we were eating, the lady 
selected a choice peach, the choicest one 
of the lot, a peach which was rosy tinted 
and looked luscious, and she passed it to 
me with -a smile. I enjoyed the smile, 
and was thankful for the recognition and 
the peach ; and then they handed me some 
miore, and the lunch was so good that I 
ate so much I could not eat the peaches 
just then and I took them away with me 
and put them in my grip. The next day, 
in company with the district elder, I went 
to see a sick lady, and while we were 
waiting in the depot I thought of my 
peaches, and thought it would be a good 
time to partake of them. I got them out, 
and there was that great peach, that big 
nice one, and the other was small, and I 
wanted to give that big peach to the 
preacher, and then I did not want to ; I 
did not want to give him the little one, 
and then I did want to ; I was puzzled for 
a moment just what to do, and then I 
broke them both in two and gave him 
half of each, and he appreciated it, and I 
avoided the semblance of selfishness. 

Masonry is selfish. We heard from 
our brother how lodge principles shut out 
all ministering unto others that are 
outside. But the church of our Lord Je- 
sus Christ is to elevate, to bring out, to 

July, 19U(>. 


build up, to be the salt, the preserving 
salt of the earth, by coming in contact in 
the right manner with those outside. 

There is a false theory preached, that 
you must go in among the Masons, be 
one of the Masons ; and among the Odd- 
fellows and be one of the Oddfellows. 
But you know in order to help a man that 
is down, I must be up ; in order to help a 
man that is in, I must be out ; in order to 
help a man that is lost, I must be saved ; 
in order to help a man that is in the ditch, 
I must be on the rock. 

I remember hearing Dr. Brazee relate 
an incident in connection with this .false 
theor}' of winning men by becoming like 
them ; joining their lodges to reform and 
save them. He said there was a lady who 
took a child to rear and train as well as 
she was able, and the child grew to be a 
young woman, and she had her young 
man that visited her from time to time 
and spent evenings in the woman's home, 
and finally an engagement took place. 
The old lady had a parrot and the parrot 
hung in the sitting-room where the even- 
ings were spent^ and sometimes the par- 
rot heard the young woman declare her- 
self anxious to get possession of the 
property, that they might have their 
home ; and she said, a little bit profanely, 
that she wished the old woman would 
die. Time went on, and one day when 
the old lady was about the work, Poll 
piped out, 'T wish to the Lord the old 
lady would die." A few days after, her 
pastor called and she told him about the 
profanity of Poll. He said: ''Perhaps we 
can remedy it. We have a parrot who 
has never heard any profanity at all ; per- 
haps if I bring my parrot over and hang 
it up by your parrot, my parrot may talk, 
and yours will learn to talk like it." The 
old lady agreed, and he brought his par- 
rot over and hung them together in the 
dining-room, and a few days after the 
old lady's parrot said, 'T wish to the 
Lord the old woman would die," and the 
preacher's parrot said, ''Amen." Not 
niuch reformation ! 

We should be apart and separate and 
committed to the Lord's way of right- 
eousness, and "let our light so shine that 
others may see our good works and glo- 
rifv our Father in heaven." There is 

sometimes an inclination towards dis- 
couragement, but the light is shining and 
the testimony is going forth and many 
are receiving it and taking their position, 
so let us be faithful, loyal-hearted men 
and women of God. 

Conducted by Rev. J. W. Brink. 

Mr. Jansen : I want to tell you some- 
thing about secret societies. I spent 
twenty years in them, and when I was 
converted to the Lord Jesus Christ I 
found they were wrong. I have gone 
through all the lodges, pretty near, tliat 
you can think of, and I know they are 
in fact but mockery. I had no peace 
when I went there. I belonged to them 
a year after I was converted. When I 
went there it was like throwing cold 
water on me. I attended a meeting here 
a year ago (Brother Blanchard was pres- 
ent), and I took this matter to the Lord 
in prayer and He revealed to me that I 
was wrong. He said, "Nothing have I 
done in secret." We cannot love Jesus 
Christ and belong to the lodge. We must 
forsake it. I was a great man when I 
was a lodge supporter — I have been an 
officer and everything — but I tell vou 
when I got down to the feet of Jesus 1 
w^as a small man. 

Mr. McDonald: I adhered to the 
Freemasons many years. Some of my 
best friends have been members of secret 
societies. I was asked to join secret so- 
cieties before I was converted. Eleven 
years ago last April, when vGod savetl my 
soul, He saved me from all secret thins:? 
and all secret societies. 

I was down visiting a niece of mine in 
Philadelphia last year; she belonged to 
the Maccabees, and I was astonished at 
the way this woman worked to get peo- 
ple into the society. If she used the 
same efforts to get people into the church 
of the Lord Jesus Christ, we would see 
a mighty revival. 

I thank God that Jesus Christ has 
saved me from everything secret. He has 
made a clean man of me : he has made 
me to walk according to his statutes and 
law. Thank God for this, because to-day 
it means somethins: to stand for the 


July, 1906. 

ciinrch. To-dsy u means something to 

srand on: and ont for the Lord Te^ns 

A yonng lady said : I would like to >.ay 
a word. My father was a Knight of 
pTxhias. and I was his only daughter . 
and they w~anted me to ioin the ladies' 
lodge of the Knights, I was a Christian 
at the tin^e. "but my father being in, 1 
ioined. AMien I was being initiated the 
thought can^e to me: **^Miy am I doing 
this: This is not right for a Christian." 
I have never been there since I was Ini- 
tiated, and I have ahwavs been ashanied 

be en~rhas:zed, and that :s the 

The Christian religion d^-e-S no: 

: r:ese orders because there Is no 

them : it does no: ob^ecr :o ihe 

Iv IS srm.r iTOC*'! cone Dy tne secre: :r-.-rr> 
— ^me :hin^s which they do for the pur- 
pose of helping their members. Satan 

:-:e Vrke'T cL-ls: as'±e Holy c4e, bu: 
Tiris: lid no: deligh: in his tesimirny. 
He ::mmanded the evil spirit to hold his 
T'eace. He ioe? n:: delight in sucn :es- 
timon'o T:r reli^-rns of the "world have 
-_„ --,-- in mem, bu: mese do not "ad- 

has -iTeo very lom 

I have noticed that the c^im.ri' 

Vz. Z.zi:rs: Y:u cinno: work up :: 

life. Ton will nnd some mis: are rugu' m 
me tmurch and in Masonry, but such 
have been bC'CfSted in Masonry. ± ake 

Tc'hn Wanamaker for an illnstration : he 
IS ■cuite a man in die kingdom of heaven, 
b-'-'he was -umc^ed hi^h u^ in the lodge 

tiated. That young man who by hard ef- 
fort has worked himself up in Masoniy, 
or in any other high-toned secret so- 
ciei};, anx>unts to nothing in the churcli. 
If he is really a man of God in the 
chnrdi, he is not at all active in the se- 
cret society. He may, possibly, be a 
member of a lodge, but he tauII almost 
never attend, and he will be more or less 
ashamed of his membership in the lod^e. 


Conducted by ReN . %\ . B. Stoddard, of 
\\ ashin§:ton, D. C. 

Wliat action can a pastor of a churcii 
which does not forbid secret societies 
wisely take by way of protesting against 
rhem, or against Masonry- " 

AIr. SronDASP : There might be differ- 
ent ways of using his inliuence, diat 
would be helpful" to the one tliat he de- 
He might 

lea a into tne 



call his auention to the' testimonies of 
tliose who have come out of secret socie- 
ties. The C}mosure that gave an account 
of our last Annual Meeting contained 
euite a number of testimonies of persons 
who had^ left diiierent secre: societies. 
Pa?::rs have usei mese :esumomes m 
iTeming others to coi::e out of the socie- 
des. AiTain. in a quiet way, he might 
jfrj't to these individuals. If God im- 
presses him. to speak oift, I think he 
ou^h: :o speak out in a more public way. 
Of course he should act wisely and care- 
fuHv in the presentation of the truth : he 
v'-^r.-^ r "oresen: i: i? vnse-v es i:e can. 

AMia: is a man to do when he is in- 
sured for his wife's sake or beneln- for 

Z\Is. SwARTZ : Y\'ell men, if God helps 
him, why get the lodge to help him? I 
think it is a good thing for a Christian 
man to put his "wife in the hands oi Al- 
mightv God. I carried life insurance for 
a long time, until I got where I could no 
longer carry it and pay my honest debts. 
I carried it of course for mv ■wife's sake. 

but I iTOt where 

•^ . ^^ C- - 

it lonsr- 

er and pay my honest debts : so I had to 
let it sro, and somehow or other. I was 

thunkins: about it one night as I sa: in 

July, 1906. 



the study alone, and I thought of the pos- 
sibihty of the future, and I seemed to 
hear a voice saying to me, ''Cannot you 
trust her in my hands?" I beheve I can 
trust my wife in God's hands, and if 1 
were a wife I would rather go to the 
wash-tub and support myself than to live 
by money that my husband got for me by 
selling his soul by going into a secret so- 

Mr. Brink: I know one case at least 
of a thousand dollars insurance received 
from a lodge, which was the indirect 
cause of making one woman's life unhap- 
py as long as she lived. What is one 
thousand dollars if God does not go with 

Mr. Stoddard: As Christ says, if we 
gain the whole world and lose our own 
soul, we make a very poor bargain. 

A gentleman said : What a man ought 
to do, who is insured in a lodge for his 
wife, is indicated in 2 Chron. 25: 9-10: 
''And Amaziah said to the man of God, 
But what shall we do for the hundred 
talents which I have given to the army of 
Israel? And the man of God answered. 
The Lord is able to give thee much more 
than this. Then Amaziah separated 
them, to wit, the army that was come 
to him out of Ephraim, to go home 

Is the Independent Order of Good 
Templars considered a' secret society? 
What objection can there be to it? 

Mr. Stoddard: It is counted among 
the secret societies. The members them- 
selves count the Good Templars as a se- 
cret society. It surely has the things 
than are connected with secret societies. 
They have a pass-word ; they have an al- 
tar. The secrets I understand are not 
very many or very great. The objections 
are not so great to the minor orders as tu 
the major ones. This being among the 
minor lodges, I would speak of it in that 
way, but I do not see any reason why a 
person who desires to carry forward the 
temperance cause should adopt this meth- 
od. As Wendell Phillips said: "Secret 
societies are not needed for any good 
purpose, and may be used for any evil 
purpose." The saloonkeeper puts up the 
screen. He has something: that he i? 

ashamed of, and ought to be ashamed of ; 
but the man who is working for the tenv 
perance cause does not need to be 
ashamed, because it is an honorable 

A gentleman said : The Independent 
Order of Good Templars is a secret order, 
but docs not claim to he religious. It 
aims to draw men from the gutter — to 
save them from drink and vice. Manv 
are brought to Christ through this order. 
Why should you object to this order? 

Mr. Phillips : I was a member of the 
I. O. G. T. at a time when every prayer 
was modeled after Masonic prayers. But 
later a change was made and the name of 
Christ was inserted in two prayers. \Mien 
the Grand Lecturer was traveling in this 
State, I asked him the reason and he said 
it was to break the opposition to the or- 
der in the minds of some good Christian 
people, who said that Good Templarism 
was modeled after Masonry and was not 
a Christian organization, and hence the 
name of Christ was put into two of the 
prayers. Since it provides prayer and a 
chaplain, it must be religious. 

When I joined the Good Templars I 
placed my hand upon the Bible to take 
my obligation, and I thought it ^^•as a 
very solemn and a very religious olace. 
But this man says it is not a religious 
order! Before I could join I had to 
agree to the creed that I believed in God. 
That seems like a religious requirement. 

I was not a Christian when I was a 
member of the Good Templars, and yet 
I was elected chaplain and read the pray- 
ers. It seems to me, as you look into 
this order of Good Templars, the fact 
that it requires a confession of faith, and 
has an altar and a chaplain and prayers 
— it comes near being a religious organi- 

As to many people being converted b;. 
it or brought to Christ through it — it !s 
beyond my knowledge. It was not true 
in the lodges I attended : and I attended 
lodges not only in this State but in \\'is- 
consin, and it was very far from being 
true. So as far as my experience goes, it 
practically was not very much of a tem- 
perance organization, and it was consid- 

erable of a 
\o([q:q kind. 

religious orgranization of the 



July, 1906. 

I believe that the lodges do not take up 
temperance, or any other moral question, 
because they are especially anxious to 
advance the cause of temperance, but the 
lodges take up these different virtues be- 
cause they need them to m^ake themselves 
popular. Temperance does not need the 
lodge, but the lodge needs temperance. 
Patriotism does not need the lodge. 1 u' 
the lodge needs patriotism, and so the 
lodge takes it up. What vital connection 
is there between insurance and the 
lodges ? Xone in the world. Insurance 
does not need a secret society.. The lodge 
needed insurance and it took it up. 

Xo, there is no salvation in the Good 
Templars' lodge. X^o man was ever 
brought to Christ by their teaching. They 
are as careful about not acknowledging 
Jesus Christ when you enter a Good 
Templars' lodge as when you enter a Ma- 
sonic lodge. 

]\Ir. Fischer: I would like to add one 
word to this^ — a matter of experience. I 
had a long argument once wath a man 
who professed to be a Christian and was 
a ]\Iason. He defended Masonry, and I 
opposed it, and when I had that man 
pretty well cornered, he said: ''What 
about the Good Templars ?" He knew T 
was a temperance man, and he thought I 
certainly would not oppose the Good 
Templars ; and when he could not defend 
Masonry he tried to hide behind the 
Good Templars. That is one of the great 
objections to the Order of Good Tem- 
plars. 1 think Masons started it for that 
purpose. I cannot of course prove it, but 
I know that Masons use it for the pur- 
pose of screening themselves behind it 
wlien they cannot defend the Masonic 

that he did not allow members of the 
Salvation Armv to be Masons. 

Is it not a fact that Ballington Booth 
became a Mason as soon as he became 
the organizer of the Volunteers? 

I\[r. Phillips: I know that to be true. 
He was not a member of the Masonic or- 
der when he was a Salvation Army man, 
but soon after he became the head of 
the \"olunteers I wrote to his secretary 
(1 saw by the paper that he had become 
a Mason), w^ho said that the report was 
true. Ballington Booth's father told me 

Is there any ruling in lodge law impos- 
ing duty to help those not members of 
the order? 

Mr. Stoddard: I never heard of a 
lodge of that kind. I do not know. If 
there is anyone who has any information 
on this line I will be glad to have it. 

Mr. Hitchcock: I think it is true, 
and we ought to recognize it, that there 
are a great many noble men in some of 
these lodges, and they do help people, 
men and women that are in distress, out- 
side of their lodges, but it is not from 
the fact that they are Freemasons, but 
because of their noble inclinations. They 
do that independent of the rules of the 

Do not these lodges at certain seasons 
of the year deliberately set themselves to 
help those who are poor in this city? 

Mr. Stoddard: Yes, there are some 
that do. 

Mr. : In the city of Muskegon, 

as' a matter of fact, this last Christmas 
time, I know that the lodges sent out 
baskets of provisions to people that cer- 
tainly were not connected with the lodges. 

Mr. Stoddard: The question, however, 
was. Is there any law of the order that 
requires them to do tJmtf I would sure- 
ly say no ; the law of the order is to help 
your own brethren ; but there are individ- 
ual lodges that may, perhaps, for the sake 
of advertising their institutions, do that 
thing. For instance, the Elks in Wash- 
ington, D. C, sent out to the poor of that 
city quite a lot of provisions, and it was 
noticed in the newspapers and a great 
deal was said about the "benevolent or- 
der of the Elks" — how^ they w^ere caring 
for the poor. It was simply a matter 
of advertising their institution. The 
Elks' laws are not such as to viake them 
do this ; they simply do it as the best kind 
of advertising. It is not a law of the 

Mr. Fischer: I want "to say that we 
must give Alderman Powers, the worst 
alderman in Chicago, credit. Every 
Christmas time he sends a turkey to every 
voter in his ward ! 

July. 190(5 


Is a minister to be recognized as a 
man of God if he is a ]\Iason? 

Mr. Stoddard: I should say, if he was 
recognized at all, he might be recognized 
as one who was ignorant or unworthy. A 
man who is truly a man of God will know 
better than to adhere to Freemasonry. 
Men of God make mistakes ; men of God 
get into bad associations, but a true man 
of God will not remain in them. 

Htm of ©ur Itloi'k. 

How shall a church show sympathy to 
persons in the minor orders and still be 
faithful to Christ and His example? 

Mr. Stoddard: I would say that the 
church should not show sympathy to the 
lower orders. It may show sympathy to 
the individual in trs-ing to teach him to 
come out of the lower orders and come 
into the church. 

In what way can a pastor best testify 
against the lodge system? 

Axswer: The way he can best testify 
is by keeping out himself and directing 
his congregation also to keep out. 

What are the oldest secret societies and 
Avhere did they originate? 

]\Ir. Stoddard : That is a question that 
men differ regarding, \\'e find that there 
are some very old secret societies re- 
ferred to in the Word of God, In Eze- 
kiel, the 8th chapter, we find one. The 
Eleusinian mysteries are referred to 
in the New Testament. They were one 
of the older of the secret societies, 

^lasons frequently say to me that their 
organization is very ancient, and I do not 
contend with them on this point, as we 
know that things are not always good 
that are old. Sometimes things get worse 
as they advance in years. One ^lason 
said to me that he was very sure that 
iMasonry started in the garden of Eden, 
and as an evidence of that he said that 
they wore the aprons. I said, "Then the 
devil surely must have been the first 
Grand Master, because he got them to 
put the aprons on ;" and so we do not 
quarrel about the starting of an organiza- 
tion. Masonry is very ancient. 

(To be concluded in August Cynosure. 1 

My Western Trip. 

Dear friends and brethren — I was 
sorry to have missed my last month's let- 
ter for you, but I was less sorry when I 
read the splendid report of the Annual 
Meeting. It seemed to me by far the 
best report I have ever read of an An- 
nual Meetmg; and I felt a little as if I 
ought to absent myself from future oc- 
casions of that sort, -that you might have 
as excellent a number of the Cynosure 
to read. But we need not linger on this 

I am very grateful to have returned 
saiely from a long journey, and to be 
permitted once more to address you. 
During this absence from the State, 
which occasioned my seeming neglect of 
you, I gave addresses in Pomona, Los 
Angeles, and Berkeley, California, and 
in Seattle, Washington, and Des Moines, 
Iowa. In each of these cities I was per- 
mitted to testify concerning the charac- 
ter, claims, and tendencies of secret asso- 
ciations, and in each of them I found a 
hearty response. And I am once more 
mcved to remark to you that in this, as 
in all departments of Christian ser^-ice. 
"He that reapeth receiveth wages, and 
gathereth fruit unto life eternal." 

It is a little difficult to know just what 
to say this morning, out of the many 
things which crowed upon my mind. As 
God shall permit, I shall cull here and 
there a thought, which I trust may be 
fruitful m the thinking and living of 
many of you who shall read these lines. 

And first : It is wise, I think, always 
to announce public!}- the character of the 
meetings which we hold. In one of the 
cities wheie I gave an address on the 
lodge question, ni} friends, who are most 
excellent people, thought that it would in- 
crease the aLtendance if they should not 
announce the subject, secret societies. So 
they did not tell people, and the omission 
of the subjoct cost us perhaps two-thirds 
of our auci.ence. We had an intelligent 
and interested hearing, but the church 
wliich ought to have been crowded, and 
which I am inclined to think would have 


July, 190G. 

been tilled had the people of the town 
known what I was to talk about, was not 
over one-tnji'd or one-fourth occupied. 
Always it i^ well to let people know what 
you are doing, provided it is something 
which ought to be done. 

The Seattle Conference. 

I am. in the second place, led to call 
your attemion to the fact that one of the 
great reasons for holding meetings is 
that ^ou may discover your friends. At 
our Seattle Conference, Brother T. M. 
Slater, who w^as my courteous host, and 
was a prime mover in the Gonference, 
said that he was well repaid for his exer- 
tions in simply finding out the men who 
were with us in the struggle. Ministers 
whom he had never known, or had not 
known as opposed to secret societies, 
came into the gatherings, occupied front 
seats, and were prompt to speak when 
they had opportunity. 

The first one of these was, I think, a 
Ccngregationalist, or Presbyterian. He 
said that he had never preached publicly 
against lodges, though he believed them 
to be extrcLiely injurious. He said that 
he had personally warned men against 
them, and that as a result numbers of 
them had abandoned the lodges. He said 
that he thought this was the way the 
work should be carried on. 

He was followed by a minister of the 
]\Iethodist Lpiscopal Church, who said, 
"I congratulate you who belong to 
churches tii^^t do not receive secret so- 
ciety men rnto membership. Wherever 
I have preached, lodge men have been 
so united with wicked men that they have 
continually made me trouble in my 
church work. It has not been possible to 
convert sinners when the whole com- 
munitv has known that members of my 
church were in the drinking, dancing, 
Sabbath-breaking lodges of the towns 
where I have preached." "What is this 
miceting, anyway?" he said. "Is it a so- 
ciety? If It is, I want to join it?" 

I do not pretend to quote either of 
these breihien with verbal accuracy, but 
simplv give the drift of their remarks — 
and I think I do not misinterpret them. 
If I do, some of those who also heard 
them can correct me. 

There were three sessions in the Seat- 

tle Conference — morning, afternoon and 
evening. I did not count the attendance, 
but it was reckoned to be something like 
the following: in the morning, fifty to 
seventy-five ; in the afternoon, one hun- 
dred to one hundred and seventy-five ; in 
the evennig, five to six hundred. Our 
friends seemed to be greatly encouraged 
b) the gatiiCrings. 

Pretensions of Lodges. 

One of the most interesting results of 
this Conference was the publication of a 
report from perhaps a half-dozen or more 
lodge men of that city, on the character 
01 lodges. I wish that the paper were 
before me, that I might quote them lit- 
erally. I will give the general run of 
their remax'ks as well as I can. 

They said that secret societies are 
moral, social, and beneficial organiza- 
tions ; that their teachings are founded on 
the Bible, and tend to make men better. 
That if all men were to live according 
to the teachings of the lodges, there 
would be no need for the churches, be- 
cause the lodges are doing the same 
work, in many instances in a better way. 
They said that of course Jesus Christ was 
not recogiuzed, because the lodges are 
universal ; and a universal religious or- 

fanization could not 


founder of a sect. 

I do not, as I have said, pretend to 
quote accu'-ately, but this was, as I recall 
it, the geneial trend of their remarks. 
We have the same thing on record m 
books, and during all the years of our 
agitation have heard the same statements 
made. But it was interesting to see that 
the position of these lodges does not 
cliange. It was also interesting to see 
that the new lodges are just like the old. 
Lodge Religion. 

One man in this symposium spoke for 
the Elks, saying that five pastors in Seat- 
tle were Elks ; another spoke for the 
Eagles, representing the excellencies of 
that lodge ; and the new ones were like 
the old ones — the same pretences to mo- 
rality, the same claim to Bible origin, 
the same excuses for excluding Jesus 
Christ, the only Savior of mankind, the 
same teaching that godless men can be 
saved by the things they are to do, in- 
stead of tie things Christ has done. Is 

July, 1900. 



it not hoiiible to live in an age when 
such devilisli teaching can be eagerly put 
forth by ministers of the gospel, and 
otherwise intelligent people? Such is the 
age in wh^"ch we live, (iod help us to 
be good witnesses for the Savior, as we 
march through it. 

A gentleman in Berkelc}- told me a 
very intere-ting little story which shows 
how these orders are trying to deceive 
ana befool Uie children of men. He said 
tiiat the Woodmen, on one burial occa- 
sion there, had a white dove in a box 
which they put upon the coffin. \Mien 
the casket was lowered into the grave, 
some Woodman was to pull a string, 
thereby releasing a catch which would 
open the box, and the white dove was 
to sail awa) through the sky, showing- 
hew the soul of the Woodman had gone 
to heaven. The coffin was lowered into 
the grave, but when the Woodman pulled 
the string the trap would not w^ork, and 
the poor ciove could not get away. So 
a brother Woodman had to climb down 
into the, free the dove, and then 
climb out agam. It was planned as a 
spectaculai bit of heathen teaching, but 
God overruled it so that it became a 
ridiculous farce. But the purpose and 
intention of the order was just the same. 

I am toid — I do not know^ whether it 
is correct ^r not — that the Red INIen in- 
vented thib bit of theatrical heathenism. 
It is said Lhat the President of the Uni- 
ted States has recently united with this 
organization. I hope the report is not 
correct, yer it may be. 

Silly Puerilities. 

i saw, not a great while ago, a com- 
pany of full grown men at a railway de- 
pot, dressed out in suits of brown drill- 
ing, with fringes on the legs of the 
trousers and along the edges of the hunt- 
ing shirts. Some of them had feathers 
in their hair, and daubs of paint on their 
faces. The first one or two I saw, I sup- 
posed for a moment to be Indians : but 
directly, seeing the cheap, shoddy charac- 
tei of the uniforms, and scrutinizing the 
men more carefuly, I saw that they were 
white men. They were going to a neigh- 
boring town to initiate some Red Men. 
This is one of the common methods used 
to advertise these orders in our dav. 

Alasons, Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pythias, Vv'oodmcn, Red Men, etc., who 
iiave become proficient in their rituals, go 
about to slow other lodges how to do it. 
Of course tliey always have, before or 
after, a banquet and often a dance. The 
presence of the visitors brings out a good 
local attendance, and the ignorant and 
curious rusii in to see what is going for- 
ward. "The people sat down to eat and 
to drink, ana rose up to play." 

Is it no'- a marvel that the leisure and 
the money which Christianity has put at 
the disposal of men should be used to re- 
vive a heathenism which will make most 
men poor, ignorant and slaves ? 

Lodgism vs. Christian Civilization. 

One of my College boys has been 
teaching f^r two years in Kentucky. The 
average house in which his pupils live 
I do not bvr'ieve is worth more than one 
hundred dollars. I think that few of the 
mothers of nis students have ten dollars 
a vear to soend for their clothing. Xine 
out of ten of the pupils run barefoot, and 
wear clothes which would be high-priced 
at a dollar and a half per suit. There 
are no lodges in this region. Wages 
are almost nothing. Corn bread and a 
little pork are the standard diet. 

In this community this devoted young- 
man, with others like him, has labored 
to establish a Christian civilization. He 
is succeedixig. Houses will be improved : 
farms will be better equipped ; the men 
ana women will be decently clad : chil- 
dren will liave shoes to wear when the 
frosts come on ; schoolhouses will be en- 
larged and beautified ; churches will be 
erected ; wages will be increased. And 
then, when ?J1 this is done, organizers for 
secret societies will rush in, and try to 
get the mcii to join lodges of one kind 
and another. The}- will tell them that 
these lodges are to promote temperance, 
to promote friendship, to give mutual 
assistance in time of need ; and they will 
collect money from these men — money 
which Christian ity has enabled them to 
get, and to save. 

I knew a lodge man to get five dollars 
apiece from a hundred men in a little 
town in Western Nebraska — during a 
time of famme ! He was organizing one 
of the lodges which, he said, would help 



July, 1906. 

thf men. Is it not strange, the deceit- 
iuiness of iniquity? 

May God open the eyes of the bhnd ; 
and stir tlie hearts of those whose eyes 
are opened, and give them courage and 
zeal in witnessing to the truths that all 
-men must know in order to be saved. 

But this letter is already long, though 
I am not through. God be with you each 
one. and g've you a good work to do un- 
til we meet again. Fraternally yours, 
Charles A. Blanchard. 


The Reijrmed Presbyterian synod of 
1906 adopted the following in reference 

Secret Societies: 

1. "Secret societies are contrary to the 
example and teachings of the Lord Jesus 

2. "They give protection to wrong 
dcers, helping them to escape from jus- 

3. "They are a great hindrance in the 
way of reach mg the souls of men with 
the salvation of the gospel, since men 
are- too often satisfied with the religion 
of the lodge.'" 

W. B. Stoddard's Letter. 

Flint, Mich., June 18, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure : During the past month 
I have held meetings in Michigan, Illi- 
nois and Ohio. The Sabbath spent with 
Brother J. K. McCreery was pleasant and 
helpful. I filled appointments in the two 
Weslevan ^lethodist churches of which 
he is pastor, in and near Ahertdale, T^Iich. 

The large attendance at my lecture 
given in the Oakdale Park Christian Re- 
formed church, Grand Rapids, Mich., 
was a surprise. With the aid of Domine 
Berkhof, a club of twenty-seven names 
was secured for the Cynosure. A collec- 
tion of $12.90 was given bv these friends. 
I was glad of the privilege of address- 
ing the children of the Christian School 
in charge of Prof. B. J. Bennink while 
in Grand Rapids. Xo one can tell- the 
good that may come from sowing the 
right kind of seed in tender minds. The 
closest attention was given. There are 
five large churches in this section that 

give invitation for a lecture when I re- 
turn in September. 

An inspiring sight was that witnessed 
on the Sabbath spent with Christian Re- 
formed friends at Lansing, Illinois. Not- 
withstanding the day was stormy, the 
church was crowded with these church- 
loving people. Long rows of seats were 
filled with the boys and girls who no 
more thought of being absent from the 
Sabbath school than of being absent from 
breakfast. I was astonished to see the 
turnout in the evening. The storm had 
increased. It was in the country, dark, 
rainy, windy and muddy, but behold, 
there were five hundred people anxious 
to hear the lecture ! When there is per- 
severance like this, let the lodges take 
warning. The collection here w^as $13.25. 

After a brief visit with loved ones at 
home, I stopped at Masontown, Pa., en 
route to Ohio. I was shown the usual 
kindness by our good friends at this 
place. I was sorr}- not to stop for meet- 
ings, as some desired. 

A welcome awaited my coming to Kim- 
bolton, Ohio. For nearly three days Rev. 
A'. B. Dickie and his good team did me 
good service over the Guernsey' County 
hills. The good United Presbyterians 
found here generally subscribed for the 
Cynosure, and provided plenty of fresh 
buttermilk, which produced more solid 
comfort than all the lodge banquets in- 
vented. The Sabbath was an exceedingly 
busy day. I spoke four times to three 
LTnited Presbyterian congregations. Sev- 
eral said, "\Yq want some more." All 
right, I shall hope to come again. 

At Cleveland, Ohio, I made appoint- 
ments for the 24th inst. I found in cross- 
ing the lake that I was on the boat with 
a company of Knights Templar — parad- 
ers going to Detroit for a big strut. If 
they hadn't been so fond of 'Vine and 
women," those who did not belong to 
their crowd could have slept better. 

I came west at this time that I might 
attend the meeting of the Michigan Dis- 
trict ^Missouri Synod Lutherans in ses- 
sion at Bay City, Mich: As I had ad- 
dressed the synod at two different meet- 
ings and knew of their zeal for the good 
cause, I naturally expected much, and 
was not disappointed. Some forty sub- 

July, 1906. 


scriptions were secured for the Cynosure 
in the few days spent with these friends. 
Reports showed churches of this synod 
generally in a prosperous condition. 
There was a lack of pastors. More than 
usual had been contributed to missions. 

I found the Free Methodist church 
here had increased in membership since 
my visit some three years since. Friends 
were very patient as I spoke to them yes- 
terday morning and evening of the things 
pertaining to the Kingdom, calling spe- 
cial attention to the lodge evil as opposed 
to the Kingdom of God. 

Shall we have a State convention here 
one year from- next Septemiber ? I have 
been able to see only a few of our many 
friends in this section. Yours in the 
work, W. B. Stoddard. 

Seattle, Wash., May 31, 1906. 
We were greatly blessed in the pres- 
ence of Dr. Blanchard at our convention, 
and I am sure his work will tell for many 
years to come. The truth faithfully de- 
clared, of course, provoked the resent- 
ment of the opposition. But that is the 
highest tribute to the worth of the mes- 
sage. Provision has been made for a 
permanent organization of the work 
here, and we hope that good will be ac- 
complished. Faithfully yours, 

(Rev.) T. M. Slater. 


Alden, Kan., May 30, 1906. 

Our pastor was a lodge man when the 
church hired him over a year ago, and 
since then he has joined the Woodmen 
and Masons. It seems to be all right 
with some lodge members that fell out 
with pastors heretofore ; but some who 
have no use for those orders have taken 
offense, both in and out of the church, 
and say they will never go to hear him 
preach again. He knows this and is 
worried about it, but will not give up his 
lodges. What are we to do in such a 
case ? 

When he was at the convention at 
Kansas City he said there were a thou- 
sand preachers there who were IMasons. 
I thought, "Well, what is coming to the 
Baptists ?" 

>}j jjj ;i< ;|c ^ ;!? ^ 

So manv of our churches to-dav are 

dead spiritually, and what is the cause? 
It is not the Catholics, for an uprising of* 
Catholics would have a tendency to 
awaken Christian people, and the}- would 
be very active ; but these lodges are lur- 
ing our young men and women away 
from the church, and offering attractions 
and amusements that appeal to them and 
that sap the spiritual nature, and they 
become of no use to the church. 

J. L. Stout. 

Oakland, Cal., March 20, 1906. 
Your kind letter of the 9th inst. has 
been gladly received; and also the pack- 
age of tracts, for which I am "indeed very 
much obliged. You can be of great serv- 
ice to numberless people in sending more 
of your tracts, that shall be distributed 
among the people that I visit, as well as 
among clubs and circles. Yours in the 
Master's service, Henry Durand. 

Spadra, Cal., :\Iarch 12, 1906. 
As I draw nearer and nearer to the 
crossing, I am happier and happier with 
the thought that, in all my past years, 
with all the multitude of secret combina- 
tions, I have never been tempted to join 
one. Come to think, the grand secret of 
the same is that I have 'found in my 
Father's house, or family, which is Hi's 
church, all I could do in keeping His 
holy commandments, in loving impartial- 
ly his people, and working for the de- 
struction of all Satan's works. 

(Elder) Rufus Smith. 

The Board of Directors at their meet- 
ing on June 7 appointed President C. A. 
Blanchard as fraternal delegate to the 
synod of the Christian Reformed Church, 
which met in Holland, ^lich., the last 
of June. 

Mr. Thomas Mulligan was among the 
visitors at our headquarters within the 
past month. He is about to return to 
England again, and hopes to carry on a 
much more effective agitation for the 
purifying of the church than he has here- 
tofore. He has already issued literature, 
but expects to purchase a larger printing 
press and so secure more wide-reaching 
results in the near future. Later we 

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July, 1906. 



version he joined one of the larger se- 
cret societies. He retrograded fast, and 
soon not only ceased to profess religion, 
but returned to his old habits — drink and 
tobacco. He has partially regained his 
moral status, but does not profess to be 
saved, and it is hard to influence him in 
the face of the power his lodge exerts 
over him . 

A young minister of my acquaintance 
became disgusted with the same order — 
the Oddfellows — and ceased to meet 
with the lodge. He was a presiding eld- 
er in his church, and one day when some 
of his members were discussing the bene- 
fits of the order, he said, ''Brethren, 
there is nothing in it" — meaning no real 
good. The next time he went to that 
place his congregation was small and his 
''claim" as presiding elder was not met 
— he received only a pittance of it. That 
same man tried to warn the young con- 
vert referred to above, but his effort was 

I believe secret societies are one of the 
great hindrances to the spread of vital 
piety in this Southland. 

Alay God bless the National Christian 
Association and all its membership. 
Yours in Christian fellowship, 

(Mrs.) Mary C. Baker. 


La Grange, Ark., April 19, 1906. 

Dear Brother: I received the books 
you sent and will sell them if I live. 

The ]\Iasons send a committee to w^ait 
on me everywhere I go. They went to 
Helena and told the white Masonic 
brothers that I had their signs and grips ; 
that I had all kinds of secret society 
books to sell. The white brothers told 
them that I did not have any of their 
books, and if I had any of theirs I had 
probably paid my money for them, and 
if they w^anted them they would have to 
see if they could buy them from me. So 
they came to me and asked if I had any 
of their books. I told them I had : and 
they asked me what I had. I told them 
that I had all sorts. They told me they 
wanted to give me some good advice : 
that they were my friends and advised 
me not to handle those books. 

They told me the}- would help nie in 
mv mission work, would sign mohev and 

help me along. I told them I was not 
Judas, who sold his Master for thirty 
pieces of silver. 

They had killed a man the same week 
they came to me. One of their brothers 
killed the man, and thev srave him monev 
and run him off, and took the dead man 
and sunk him in Crooked Creek, near 
]\[arvel. Ark., within two miles of the 
place where I was stopping. I told them 
the.}- had come to sink me in Crooked 
Creek, I supposed; but they said, "Oh, 
no ! We are your friends. We did not 
sink that man in the creek." I said, 
"Then why have they -got that Worship- 
ful Pilaster in jail and those other ]\[a- 
sons?" Then they said the Worshipful 
Master just advised the brother on 
something, but he w-as innocent of sink- 
ing that man and t3dng him under the 
water with wire so he could not rise. 

I then told them I sold my books to 
an}-body that had the money. They were 
ver}- angry, though they tried not to 
show it. That was the first lot of books 
Sister Bailey sent for. I sold them some 
of them and sold the others to anybody 
that wanted them. Now I am selling the 
last lot you sent me, and they say I am 
selling books without a license and that 
Twill be arrested. They said they would 
"fix" you, and when I was down in 
Desha County, Ark., last November, the 
Masons said that I ought to be sunk in 
the ]\Iississippi River, and also said they 
were going to lynch you. The}' said I 
would be killed and if I was a man they 
would kill me too quick. I told them 
they killed Christ, and I am working 
with Jesus, so I look for the same things 
to befall me, but T am not ashamed of 
the Gospel of Christ. 

I am doing house-to-house mission 
work, selling books and tracts on secret 
societies. Pray for me, brother. I am 
going to sell lodge books until 1 'lit. 

The people of this countr}- have quit 
the churches and gone after the lodges, 
and the preachers see it and know it. and 
yet the majority of them belong to the 

I have already sold part of the last 
books you sent. I pra}- for more women 
in the vineyard to help me to sell books 
and tear old Satan up. Yours for the 
service, (Mrs.) Lizzie Woods. 



July, 1906. 


Xew iork, X. Y., June 14, 1906. 
It is gratifying indeed to know that 
there are others who take a firm stand 
against the baneful influences of secret 
societyisni. Yea, let the light shine in 
the darkness. (Rev.) F. C. G. Schumm. 

New York,, N. Y., June 12, 1906. 
The Cynosure is very enlightening, and 
has a gallant lot of soldiers holding "up 
tht truth and exposing the evil. There 
is no doubc that the Lord will bless you 
in such a ^ood cause. Robt. Neelv. 

IMelbourne, \'ictoria, Australia, April 3, 
I am in full spmpathy with your as- 
sociation in its efforts to enlighten men 
as to the Gangers of the secret lodge, and 
I wish you every success. Yours in 
Christ. Arthur W. Day. 

Siioam Springs, Ark. 
I must have my copy of the Cynosure, 
even if I go without one ration per day 
until paid for. I will enclose you a lodge 
directory of this place, which terms it- 
self "the gem of the Ozarks," claiming 
3,500 people and six churches — pastors 
all lodge men, with one exception, and he 
isn't saying anything to hurt the lodges. 
No open saloons — some blind pigs, run 
on the secret also, but results are quite 
open. With just double the lodges we 
have churches, and one to go on. this Is 
sUiCly "a g^m of purest ray serene." No 
doubt Satan is well pleased with his w^ork 
here. The "secret empire" holds full 
sw ay. Most truly, George E. Bockoven. 

West Cliester, Pa., May 11, 1906. 
I observe that the Roman Catholic ele- 
ment is much disturbed at the part taken 
by the Presi<ient in laying a corner-stone 
with Maoonic ceremonies. It is to be 
feared that the President's recent affilia- 
tion with two secret orders will give a 
new impetus to lodge entanglements 
throughout the country — like the well- 
known liking of Grant for his cigars, in 
promoting the smoking habit. Thy friend, 
Josiah W. Leeds. 

New Castle, Pa., May 11, 1906. 
Secretism is one of the greatest evils 
of our day, if not the greatest, both for 
church and state. I wish you Godspeed 
in your fight against the works of dark- 
ness. Yours for the right. 

Robert Speer. 

A Criticism. 

Mr. J. B. Corey, of Pittsburg, Pa., has 
made himself a name as a lover of his 
country. He is persistent in emphasizing 
the things that make for its peace and 
prosperity. He especially regrets that 
such an aole and, on the whole, com- 
mendable public servant as President 
Roosevelt should have, given such vicious 
advice to the young men of our coun- 
try. He bavs: 

"What a howl there would have been 
raised, had the President of the United 
States publicly advised all our young 
men to unite with the Methodist church, 
or the Presbyterian church, or the Cath- 
olic church : and yet had he done so, he 
would ha\e been representing a larger 
num.ber ui ' American citizens than the 
membersrip of an oath-bound secret 
order whuse highest claim to recognition 
is that it gives its members some ad- 
vantages over other good citizens which 
Lhey are iiot entitled to. Just stop and 
think of it, if you will, that of the Presi- 
dent of the United States recommends 
our young men to become members of 
an oath-Dound secret order which re- 
quires them, in being initiated, to be 
hoodwinked, cable-towed, and to take an 
oath under no less penalty than to have 
their throats cut from ear to ear and 
tongues toiii out by the roots, if they 
do not keep lodge secrets that have not 
yet been revealed to them. Imagine, if 
you can, an honorable, decent man tak- 
ing an oath to have his body mutilated, 
if he took part in initiating an idiot, her- 
niaphrodiie or woman ; placing his 
mother, sister, wife or daughter on a 
level with au idiot or hermaphrodite ! Yet 
wo have the President of the United 
S^'ites advising our young men to become 
members of such a cut-throat secret or- 
der, which his most illustrious predeces- 
sor, John Quincy Adams, convicted of 

July, 1906. 



nine of the highest crimes known to our 
civil laws." (See "Letters on Freema- 
sonry," by John Ouincy Adams.) 


At the Maine Methodist Conference a 
few years ago, the subject of Secret So- 
cieties came up incidentally, on a report 
on education, and in relation to the moral 
character of teachers, and of one high 
school teacher in particular. It was re- 
ported that this teacher was kept in his 
position by the "pull" of the secret society 
lodges to which he belonged. 

A member of the conference took ad- 
vantage of this incident to get in a little 
speech on the subject. He stated that 
the first Masonic Lodge was in the Gar- 
den of Eden. Satan was the 

First Worshipful Master. 

This deceiver initiated Adam and Eve 
and they were the first Freemasons in 
the world. The first Masonic apron was 
made of fig leaves. 

These Freemasons (one a woman 
though women are not admitted to-day) 
— as soon as they were initiated, Satan's 
hoodwink was off, their eyes were open- 
ed, and they ran away from the light and 
hid themselves from the presence of the 
Lord God, among the trees of the gar- 
den ; alarmed, frightened, not free — but 
slave — masons of their A\'orshipful Mas- 
ter, the devil. 

Here we have sat an the devil, sin and 
secrecy placed upon the first pages of re- 
corded history in the Bible. (Gen. .^d 

(Rev.) John Collins. 

Fire, Marine and Life Insurance Co. 

A\'.hole premium returned. Are you 
injured in the King's Insurance Com- 
pany? It's the oldest company in the 
world, having been in successful opera- 
tion for tliOiisands of years. It has never 
changed management. Xo defaulting. 
A>ways pa;>s up. Xo discounting. It is 
the only company insuring against ship- 
wreck on the ocean of life, or the river 
of death, or against loss in the great 
Judgment Day fire. It insures a man for 
more than he is worth. It's policv never 
expires. Gives to the faithful holders 

thereof etciual life. Cash capital: the 
unsearchable riches of Christ. Sur-* 
plus : an inheritance, incorruptible, unde- 
filcd, and that fadeth not away. Cash 
in bank ; gold tried in fire, surplus 
above all liabilities. Will do exceeding 
abundant! > above all that we are able to 
ask or think. Christ the King of kings, 
President. God, the Everlasting Father, 
Treasurer, ihe Holy Ghost, Secretary. 
Llome office, Heavenly City. Persons 
having no soul need not apply. Price 
oi this policy, an humble and contrite 
sp.rit, loving the Lord with all thy heart, 
soul, mind and strength, separated from 
aii things wrong. 

A. B. Lipp, Stahl, Mo. 

B. S. Taylor. Editor and Publisher, 

]\IooERS, X'ew York. 
Single Copy, 5c; 12 X'umbers, 50c. 
Holiness, Prohibition, Foreign Mis- 
sions. — An Illustrated Home Journal for 
Christian People. Sample copy free. 3t 
Sarcasm is like a wasp, the principal 
thing about it is the sting. 

It is better to go before God with clean 
hands than with full hands. 

Joy and sorrow are such near neigh- 
bors that it is sometimes hard to run a 
line fence between them. 




"The greatest discover}- of the 
church," wrote Lester didactically to his 
sister, "is the discovery of its opportun- 
ity among the young. In fact, the train- 
ing of the rising generation is at once 
the noblest effort and the sole hope of 
the church. Psychologically, it's almost 
impossible to convert an adult to better 
things in any direction. Only two ave- 
nues upward remain to the race — the 
right nurture of youth, and the fixing of 
higher standards through an improved 
heredity. I don't know which way is the 
more efiicacious. I presume I shall have 


July, 1906, 

more data for judgment a few years 

'■Just now, though — to exchange the- 
ory for practice — I am going to work 
Avith all my might for the former. I 
shall have a pastor's class during Lent 
for the boys and girls of the Sunday 
school who seem ready for the church. 
I've a better scheme still, for boys only. 
They belong, you know, to the neglect- 
ed classes. They are problems, to be 
sure. I seem to remember being one my- 
self. If I hadn't had the best and dear- 
est of mothers and sisters — — 

"Boys, for all their brag and bluster, 
are the shyest fish in the world to catch. 
Common bait won't do for them. Peo- 
ple now are beginning to see that if you 
want to catch boys, you must use the 
net and not the hook. In other words, 
boys muster in gangs. Just lately I've 
hit on an ideal scheme for turning to the 
account of the church this gang-instinct. 
It's a semi-secret order — nothing harm- 
ful, you know ; boys expected to tell 
their mothers all about it — based on the 
Arthurian legends and called the Knights 
of King Arthur. Those splendid legends, 
acted out, are to make the boys who join 
real knights of the Table Round, chiv- 
alrous, pure and true. It will implant 
and cultivate in the unpromising soil of 
boy nature that rare plant, reverence ; 
and its aim is eventually, after mitiat- 
ing them into the degrees of page and 
esquire, to take them into the church. 
Not till then are they allowed to become 

Lester broached this scheme cautious- 
ly to some of the boys' classes in Sunday 
school the next Sunday. Each boy look- 
ed sidelong at his neighbor to gather his 

"We shall try to have some fine times 
together," continued Lester enthusi- 
astically. "By the way, I wonder if any 
of you boys ever saw water frozen in a 
red-hot crucible ?" 

"Aw, now ! Parlor magic !" sneered 
one of the group. 

"Xothing of the kind. It's a chemical 
experiment I've seen performed more 
than once. I can't do it myself, but Pro- 
fessor-Crane can and will some day, with 
a number of others just as interesting. 
We want to have an athletic club in con- 

nection with the Knights, and perhaps 
a guitar and mandolin club, too. I know 
some of you play, and I have a friend 
coming here before long who. would be 
glad to help you. Once in a while we'll 
have a social meeting, you know, with 
ice cream and cake ; and in fact, I ex- 
pect before long every boy in Park City 
will be wanting to join. 

"I'm afraid I've gone further than I 
meant to in telling our plans, but I've 
kept one or two things as a surprise, 
after all. At any rate, you may be sure 
it's going to be thoroughly worth while.". 

''Our plans?" asked one of the older 
lads, suspiciously. "Who's usf" 

"Why, you and me, of course," said 
the young preacher with boyish eager- 
ness. "You see, I take it for granted 
you are going to join." 

A boy scorns concealment, and Lester 
read in some of the faces before him a 
rebuke of his presumption. They all 
condescended, however, to accept an in- 
vitation to cocoa and doughnuts for Sat- 
urday evening, without pledging them- 
selves to anything further. 
, The boys , once gathered and gorged 
with half a dozen doughnuts apiece, 
Lester disclosed his scheme more fully 
and confidently. 

"Most of your fathers," he began, "be- 
long to some lodge or other, and you hear 
them tell, every now and then, about the 
fine times they have at the lodge. This 
club we're going to start is a sort of 
lodge for boys — only they are allowed to 
tell their parents all about it — and I 
tell you it's a dandy. You have a rally- 
ing cry and password and grip and sig- 
nals that the other fellows don't know, 
and when you take in new members 
there's an initiation that gives a chance 
for lots of fun. In the first degree, for 
instance — but I mustn't spoil it all by 
telling you beforehand. I want to ask 
how manv of you ever heard of King 

"I have — in school," came from sev- 

Then Lester made a blunder. 

"Who could resist" Tennyson?" he 
thoug-ht ; and pulling out a volume of 
the "Idylls of the King," began to read 
the story of the search for the Holy 
Grail. Lester was a fine reader, and the 

July. 1906. 



charm of his voice held the young bar- 
barians for a time ; but soon, on looking 
up, he met blank faces, and a little later 
he was disturbed by restless hitches, 
thrusts and whispers. 

Lester was perplexed. He had not 
been reading half an hour. ihe boys 
were old enough, surely, to sit still so 
long. When he himself was far young- 
er, he would have listened for hours to 
such tales. 

In dealing wdth boys, he who hesitates 
is lost. By the time Lester had conclud- 
ed it was best to lay aside the book and 
tell the story in simpler language, the 
boys were — figuratively speaking — miles 
beyond his reach. He had scored one 
point, however. The boys were assured 
of the sincerity of his interest in them. 
They all promised to come again and to 
join the new club. They concluded that 
they were willing to risk a little sermoniz- 
ing for a chance, sure to be improved, 
of a good time together once a fortnight. 
The fact that it was winter helped. In 
winter there are not so many gathering 
places for boys as in summer, when all 
the world of outdoors is open to them. 

Lester glowed with pride when he had 
succeeded in duly organizing a "con- 
clave" and was prepared to initiate a 
candidate. Gladly accepting on faith 
the statement of the founders — or re- 
storers — of the order, that "the more 
elaborate and dignified the ritual the 
more the boys like it," he sonorously de- 
claimed the ringing words of Tennyson, 
from which the form of initiation is 
largely drawn. 

But when the false knights seize and 
bind the candidate with the words — 

"Let us draw lots and see who will be 
the one to joust with him." 

"No, he is but a kitchen knave. Let 
us pierce him with arrows." 

— and the like, the spirit of mischief 
broke loose. 

For the ''elaborate and dignified" lan- 
guage of the ritual was substituted a 
chorus of — 

"Pitch into him, kids!" 

"Sit on him !" 

"Soak it to him good and hard !" 

A vigorous "free-for-all" followed, 
and when the party of rescuers finally 
bore away the candidate, every boy pres- 

ent was in a sadly torn, tousled and dusty 
state. They gradually grew quiet enough 
to resume the initiation. Lester was as- 
sisted in his efforts to secure order by 
the growing pallor of the candidate, 
which had a marvelously subduing ef- 

When Lester gave the order, "Salute 
our newly elected brother," and himself 
set the example by stepping down and 
grasping the lad's hand, he withdrew it 
wdth a gasp and a spasmodic movement. 

"What is it?" inquired Lester, anx- 

"Nothing much ; my shoulder, I 
guess," was the plucky answer. 

"You're hurt, Harry ! I wouldn't 
have had it happen for worlds. Let me 
take you right over to Dr. Hallock's." 

The doctor received them cheerfully. 

"Fudge, you can't hurt a boy. Be- 
sides, this youngster was born to be 
hanged, anyway. I'll fix your clavicle all 
right, young chap, only you better not try 
to play hockey on the ice for a day or 

Fortunately, the parents took the same 
optimistic view of the case. They were 
glad, they said, of anything to sober the 
boy a bit. In fact, Lester showed more 
concern over Harry's injury than any- 
body else. Fear of chaffing because of 
his bandages, rather than pain, kept Har- 
ry from school a day, after which he was 
apparently as well as ever. 

The accident, far from injuring the 
Knights of King Arthur, acted rather as 
a drawing card. The boys were con- 
vinced that it must be "no end of fun," 
and flocked in quite as fast as Lester 
cared to have them. He found that it 
required more time than any other part 
of his work, and that it absorbed larger 
contributions of money than he could 
well afiford. Naturally, he began to look 
for returns, in greater reverence for the 
church and loyalty to it. How his ex- 
pectations were met the following inci- 
dent will show 

It was in Sunday school. The hymn 
following the lesson was announced. It 
was "Just as I am." The superintendent, 
a young fellow, with pink cheeks and a 
nervous manner, was not satisfied with 
the singing of the first stanza. His musi- 
cal ability had been his chief recom- 



July, 1906. 

mendation for his position, and he felt it 
incumbent upon him to show the school 
how the hymn should be sung. Accord- 
ingly, he stopped the dragging chorus of 
voices and sang the stanza through alone. 
The largest class of boys in the Sunday 
school, most of them members of the 
Knights of King Arthur, sat directly op- 
posite him. When he ceased singing 
they clapped their hands in mock ap- 

Lester sprang up in fiery indignation. 
The hymn was consecrated by the most 
sacred memories of his boyhood. It was 
during the singing of that hymn, at a re- 
vival service, that he had tremblingly 
risen to express his willingness to accept 
the Savior. The spell of that moment 
still vibrated in the familiar strains. He 
felt outraged- in his deepest and tender- 
est feelings. 

Without a moment's consideration, he 
began to pour out a torrent of expostula- 
tion and reproof. The boys flushed first 
with shame and then with anger. An 
impatient shuffling of feet warned Les- 
ter that he had gone too far. More 
than one pair of eyes sought the door. 
Any minute might begin a general exo- 
dus. If any should leave under those 
circumstances, Lester feared they might 
never return. 

Hastily turning to the young superin- 
tendent, Lester begged him to dismiss 
the school and sat down discomfited. 

There was one young man in Park 
City on whom Lester built large hopes. 
This was chiefly because, outside the 
learned professions, Donald Gardner 
was the only college man in the place. 
By making common ground of their col- 
lege experiences, Lester had interested 
him so far in the church that he usually 
attended the Sunday evening service 
when he could secure a young lady to ac- 
company him. 

"He's just the one to help with the 
boys," thought Lester. "He knows all 
about college athletics, and that's what 
takes with the boys nowadays. The col- 
lege Y. M. C. A.'s do a lot in the way 
of running boys' clubs. He may have 
done something of the sort himself." 

Donald Gardner had not done any 
such work, it appeared, but he .knew 
some fellows who had, and he was as 

voluble on the subject as if he had had 
a world of experience. 

"You never can do anything with 
boys," he declared, "by preaching to 'em. 
If you want to run things, you've got to 
keep out of sight and let them think they 
are doing it all themselves. That's what 
Fred Percy used to say, and he sure 
knew. To tell the truth, it seemed to 
me the reason why his boys thought they 
were having it all their own way was 
because that was actually the case. 

" 'Oh, shucks, Fred !' I used to tell 
him, 'where's the use in spending hours 
and hours teaching those kids to do 
stunts that they're only too keen to find 
out how to do by themselves? They 
aren't suffering for' folks to teach 'em 
new capers. They say there's slum and 
factory children that have to be taught 
how to play, but we haven't any freaks 
of that sort round here.' 

" 'Well,' he says, T'm trying to influ- 
ence them.' 

" Tnfluence nothing !' says I. 'Any 
schoolmarm that's worth her salt can 
hold 'em down better than you can, and 
she don't butter and sugar her instruc- 
tions to 'em, neither.' 

" 'Oh, well,' he says again, T keep hop- 
ing for chances to drop a word now and 

" 'No, you don't,' says I ; 'you'll never 
drop any words; you're too almighty 
cautious to drop anything.' 

"And that's just about the size of it. 
Athletics and a little sugar-coated science 
is all he taught 'em. 

"At the end of the season they had a 
big round-up of the Tigers and the 
Spellers and the Knights of King Ar- 
thur and the Junior Republics, and what 
not. Percy asked the Athletic Club to 
come in their night shirts, in imitation 
of the college night-shirt parades. Did 
they? Well, I guess yes. And if the 
other fellows didn't sail into 'em. I sup- 
pose that's 'muscular Christianity.' 

"There was a half hour of hot-hand, 
wrestling and such sports before the kids 
could sober down to the program — a 
wand-drill, a model football game, songs, 
a play in three acts, and a. minstrel show 
in five parts, including a cake-walk, duet, 
clog dancing and chorus singing. 

"Then came a grand march, in which 

July, 1906. 



every boy took part, giving vent to oc- 
casional war-whoops. After that, they 
gobbled cake and pink lemonade — the 
servers called it 'punch' — till the church 
mice must have turned sick. 

"Oh, it's all right enough; but I say, 
I hate to see little kids act like they 
were six feet high and knew it all. Call- 
ing their circus a 'stag,' too ! 

"Percy's last move was an inter-club 
track meet and a summer camp proposi- 
tion. I told him the boys he had in tow 
had folks who could take 'em out camp- 
ing just as well as he could; but he was 
as set on the scheme as if it were a 
mission to the Digger Indians. 

"Say, this missionary idea must be a 
microbe that gets hold of some people, 
isn't it?' I used to tell Percy he was 
talking bug-house." 

"If there is a missionary microbe, I 
hope I'm infected," said Lester with a 
laugh, but with a painful conviction that 
he could expect no help from Donald 

There was one class of boys in the 
Sunday school who showed no disposi- 
tion to join the K. O. K. A. Lester won- 
dered why. He heard vague rumors 
that they had a class organization of their 
own, but that hardly seemed credible. 
Their teacher was a woman by no means 
young enough or intelligent enough — so 
Lester reasoned — to have hit upon so 
modern a method. He looked upon Miss 
Nott as a nonentity. Her very name, he 
felt sure, expressed her nature. 

Besides, she wasn't at all the sort of 
woman to attract boys. She didn't dress 
well enough, for one thing. She wore 
plain, dark skirts and brown linen shirt- 
waists, with white collars and black 
four-in-hand ties — no ruffles, no ribbons, 
no laces, no trinkets, no fluffiness. It was 
the adorable fluffiness of Lillys, in hair 
and raiment, that had captivated Lester, 
though he learned later that they mask- 
ed more solid qualities. 

Miss Nott's manner of speaking, Les- 
ter felt sure, would repel the average 
boy. She invariably called a spade a 
spade, and had not mastered the first 
svllable of the vocabulary of innocent 

He resolved to investigate. He set 
out to call upon one of Miss Nott's pu- 

pils, armed, by way of introduction, with 
a souvenir post-card just received from 
a friend who had been visiting Jerusa- 

The boy, to Lester's surprise, seemed 
more interested in the stamp than in the 

"Austrian stamp; ain't it? Yep, 'tis." 
"Why, no, how can it be, Ned?'' 
A closer examination, however, as- 
sured Lester that the boy was right. 

"How do you know so much about 
stamps, Ned?" 

"Oh, I have a stamp album. All the 
kids in our class have. Miss Nott give 
'em to us. She has "a brother in the 
Philippines and a cousin that's a mis- 
sionary in Turkey, and we go to her 
house nights and she gives us the stamps 
and reads us the letters about the coun- 
tries. They are awful interesting. Then 
she talked about us having a Travel 
Club, to get ready, she said, when we 
should go abroad sometime. Shucks ! 
I never expect to go abroad, but she 
talks as if we was going to be foreign 
counsels an' all them kind o' big-bugs 
when we grow up. We kind o' like it, 

"W^ll, we have our Travel Club and 
read books about queer places and look 
at pictures. She's got a stereoscope, you 
know, and lots of view^s. Some of the 
kids has got so they know all the big 
cathedrals of Europe. I don't take to 
those things much. But we all get bet- 
ter marks in geography than we did." 

The boys' teachers in the public schools 
corroborated this statement. 

Lester learned more than this. ]\Iiss 
Nott had presented each boy in her class 
with a yearly subscription to a cheap but 
interesting and helpful boys' paper — 
there are such. She gave out each Sun- 
day a picture illustrating the lesson to 
the boy who made the best recitation. 
She remembered each boy's birthday 
with some small gift. She went nutting 
or fishing or botanizing with them, ac- 
cording to the season. She proved the 
truth of the statement, "There's some- 
times more grace than grease in dough- 
nuts." She wrote them friendly notes 
when they were absent, and visited them 
when they wer-e ill. She lent them books ■ 
and taught them games. 



July, 1906. 

Finally I\Iiss Xott came to her pastor 
with the request that some work be found 
for her boys to do in the church — dis- 
tributing hymnals or leaflets, acting as 
ushers, looking after temperature and 
ventilation, preparing for socials or oth- 
er special occasions. 

"I'll try to be on hand myself," she 
said, "to make good their deficiencies or 
help out by suggestions ; but I do think 
it will help the boys feel they have a 
part in the church if they learn to do 
something for it." 

''AA'hat magic do you use with the 
boys, Miss Nott?" asked Lester. "I 
never venture to ask any favors of my 
K. O. K. A.'s, for fear of driving them 
away. I am quite envious of your su- 
perior success." He spoke lightly, but 
there was a genuine pang at his heart. 
He was beginning to suspect the truth, 
that to win boys requires not elaborate 
machinery, nor far-fetched and startling 
devices, but the simple mi^-ht of a deep 
and tactful affection, constantly alert to 
be of service. The highest service is that 
which evokes an answering service, a 
rooted loyalty, not merely to the teacher, 
but to the ideals he represents. 

Lester found himself growing in af- 
fection for the lads he had gathered 
about him. This fact alone saved his 
laborious and costly efforts from abso- 
lute failure. The boys secretly recipro- 
cated this affection, as few boys will not, 
though tortures could not elicit a con- 
fession of their feeling. Sometimes when 
Lester was wondering with a curiosity 
that just escaped being annoyance, 
"What will these young imps do next?" 
one of them w^ould perhaps be assuring 
his chum that ''the new Presbygational 
minister was a white man." 

In this way the K. O. K. A. grew in 
numbers and in oddly shown attachment 
to Lester. If they followed him only for 
the sake of loaves and fishes — or panem 
et circenses — it was because he sedulous- 
ly concealed the fact that he had any- 
thing better to offer. 

(To be continued.) 


Tbe Toronto Suu says : "Freemasonry is 
purely a voluntary association. A member 
in good standing and not in arrears for 
dues cannot be compelled to retain his mem- 
bership in any particular lodge against his 
own will. This is the law of Masonry every- 
where. The candidate enters of his own 
free will, and so long as he complies with 
all the requirements and regulations of the 
order, though not relieved from the perform- 
ance of his general duties, he is still a free 
man and can retire whenever it suits his 
sense of duty to himself without giving 
any reason for his action. Freedom of con- 
science is held up before the mind of the 
candidate at every step he takes in Mas- 
onry." The Sun attempts to shine on both 
sides of the shield. The candidate comes 
of his own free will to seek the benefits of 
Masonry, which he can only obtain, how- 
ever, on the surrender of his toill. The 
statement by the Sun that "so long as he 
complies with all the requirements and 
regulations of the order" is the point that 
sticks. The voluntary promises virtually to 
obey all laws, rules and regulations of the 
lodge when he becomes a member of it. How 
then can he become a law unto himself? 
— Amer. Tyler, June' 1, 1899. 

The Sun says that ''though not re- 
lieved from the performance of his gen- 
eral duties," the member is not compelled 
"to retain his membership in any partic- 
ular lodge," and the Sun does not claim 
that he can "become a law unto himself." 
We see little ground, therefore, for the 
assertion that the Sun attempts to shine 
on both sides of the shield, and find little, 
if any, reason to question that its point is 
well taken. 

It explicitly recognizes, moreover, 
what the Tyler claims, that, after initia- 
tion, a man's will is surrendered, and he 
can no longer form his own judgment, 
act on his own convictions, .or in any 
sense be a law unto himself. 

Wherein lies the delight of life to one 
who sees nothing accomplished by his 
own hands? One of the great joys of 
life is in contemplating the things that 
we have done. 

Who looks into the heavens with no 
enlargement of vision has missed the 
glorv of the starland and the light of 
God'. .. . 

The stone will not reflect the solar fire 
until it has sacrificed its crudeness to 
the lapidary's skill. 

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Their constant ward and watching kept. 

Then, where our quiet herds repose, 
The roar of baleful battle rose. 

And brethren of a common tongue 

To mortal strife as tigers sprung. 
And every gift on Freedom's shrine 
Was man for beast, and blood for wine. 

Our fathers to their graves have gone; 

Their strife is past — their triumph won; 
But sterner trials wait the race 
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A moral warfare with the crime 

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Lights Absent, Darkness Present........ 97 

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Lodge Glory vs. God's Glory. By Pres- 
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A Review and Question. By J. M. 

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Our readers must understand tliat the 
reports of addresses, etc., at the Annual 
!Meetin^ are from our stenog^rapher's 
notes, and while fairly accurate, they 
doubtless do not always perfectly repre- 
sent the speaker. 

The following verses, taken from the 
Texas Freemason of July, 1906, are a 
good illustration of the positions taken in 
the addresses bv Revs. Bergesen and 
Beahm, in this number. Men do not need 
to be "born again," for *'life eternal 
dwells in all." 

AVbat matters it what faith or creed 

My brother holds. 
If it to him through thought and deed 

The truth unfolds? 
AYhat matters it what name he bears, 
If on life's wa.v of pain and cares. 

He bears "the sign?" 
For his own soul must learn the right. 
And his own eyes must see the light, 

Not mine or thine. 

The same sun shines on all men's ways. 

And chooses none. 
How should I think he shed his rays 

On mine alone? 
The life eternal dwells in all 

The germs of power ; 
How shall I then pronounce his doom 
When in my brother's heart may bloom 

The "holy flower?" — Exchange. 

The report from principals and teach- 
ers on fraternities and secret societies 
in the high schools of Chicago, which 
appears herein, will be read with inter- 
est. The attacks upon Superintendent 
Cooler since the adoption by the Board 
of Education of the recommendation of 
himself and principals, have been con- 
tinuous. The courts have, however, fin- 
ally sustained the position of the Board 
of Education. 

Recently the attack has taken a new 
turn. The labor unions have secured 
a foothold in the Board of Education 
and are attacking the Superintendent's 
selection of school books. One of the 
city dailies stated that the objection to 
the first reader selected by Superintend- 
ent Cooley was that a picture of a robia 
therein was too large and it d'd not have 
a red breast, and also that a picture oi 
a cat was misleading ! ! 

The real point, however, (f the labor 
union attack is to compel the purchase 
of books bearing the union label. 

''Organization can never authorize 
crime," agrees fairly well with the truth : 
"Though hand join in hand the wicked 
shall not go unpunished." 

One of the great evils of ?. secret or- 
der is that infamous principles are smug- 
gled in under cover of forms apparentlv 
solemn and religious. The Freemason^ 
swears his wicked obligation to crim- 
inals on the Bible. 'Tt is interesting to- 
note how universal is the abuse of or- 

It confuses moral ideas, it distorts re- 
ligion, it corrupts politics, it cripples la- 
bor and clogs the wheels of business, it 
turns the protection of the widow and 
orphan into a phantom, fading when, 
help is needed most. 


Is a df\gree conferred in the absem^e of the 
three great lights legal? 

It is. Though material omissions occur, 
the work done is legal. The remedy for such 
glaring faults i.s in the discipline of tho^e 
who are resi>onsible for the omission. — A M^i- 
sonic Newspai^er. 

Xow may we ask another question of 
our own ? Would it still be a glaring; 



Auinist, 1906. 

fault deservino: discipline if either of the 
:s;Teat lights (Bible, Square and Compass) 
were wantino-, or could one of them 
commonly supposed indispensable bv 
fresh candidates here, be replaced in some 
■other country? And could the other two 
l)e treated in the same way ? And while 
we are about it. can there possibly be 
in such a wonderfully self-praised affair 
as ^lasonry. any such element as self- 
deception? Please note that we are tell- 
ing' no secret — not about lig'hts at least. 


"Anent the celebrated case of Captain 
Dreyfus, the FreiicLu officer, atIio was charged 
with betraying secrets of the Bureau of the 
Army to Germany and in whose interest a 
revision of the case was agitating France, 
the Je\Tish Voice, of St. Louis, read un- 
inasonic Masons the following lesson : 

'"No more interesting tidings in all the long 
flnd weary developments of the Dreyfus case 
"has ever reached us than that giving credit to 
The 'Grand Orient' of France for declaring 
itself in favor of a revision, at their annual 
convention at Paris this week. The framer 
■and sender of the cablegram, just referred 
■to, mixes truth with fiction and we desire 
briefly to point out in what he has erred and 
in what he has given facts. We need not be 
■surprised at the tardiness with which the 
Free Mason in France has stepped into the 
public arena in the cause of justice, since 
we can surmise that the very agitation favor- 
ing a revision was, undoubtedly, started and 
finally brought to a successful issue by the 
endeavors of this great fraternal order, and. 
though itself invisible, its iwwerful -hand was 
felt all along."' 

The above is part of an article pub- 
lished in a Drominent Masonic organ. It 
possibly tallies fairly well with Washing- 
ton's estimate of Freemasonry, which he 
pronounced capable of being used for the 
"worst of purposes.'' Suppose Dreyfus 
liad been guilty but a ]\Iason ; what would 
Masonry 'have done ? Suppose that 
though Dreyfus was Masonically known 
to have been guilty, some one not a 
Mason, and also innocent, had been ac- 
cused: would Masonry have been 
to the government then ? Would it have 
acted with honor? Would it have ex- 
posed the guilty man and thus removed 
peril from an innocent citizen ? Would 
Ti'eemasonry then have done anv of those 

things that ought to have been done, or 
would it have left undone those things 
that ought to be done? 

^^'e wish to call special attention to the 
Christian Citizenship Institute and Con- 
vention to be held at A\'inona Lake (In- 
diana) this month, on Atigust 11-18, 

An important feature of this Institute 
of Christian Citizenship will be the care- 
ful and systematic statement of the fund- 
amental Christian principles of civil gov- 
ernment. This department will be con- 
ducted bv the Rev. T. P. Stevenson, D. 
D., LL. D., of Philadelphia, the General 
Secretary of the National Reform Asso- 
ciation. These principles will be pre- 
sented in nine addresses, one at each ses- 
sion of the Institute, on the following 
topics : 

I. The Divine Origin of Nations. 

II. Nations Moral Beings. 

III. The Rights and Duties of Na- 

IV. The Relation of Nations to Jestis 

' V. The Relation of Nations to the 
Bible. . 

Xl. The Forgiveness of National 

\'II. \Miat Constitutes a Christian 

yill. Law Fundamental and Statu- 

IX. The Responsibility of Christian 

Arrangements have been made with 
the Winona management for reduced 
rates in gate entrance fees and also in 
board for all students m attendance upon 
the Institute. One week tickets for 
clergymen cost but seventy-five cents ; 
for others, one dollar. A rate of three 
dollars per week at Evangel Hall for 
table board has been secured. Any de- 
siring further information relative to 
anything in connection with this work 
at A\''inona will obtain the same by ad- 
dressing the chairman of the Committee 
on Arrangements. 

Rev. J. S. Martin, 
69 Oak avenue. New Castle, Pa. 

Anxiety chills the joy of anticipation. 

An-n.<r. lin'Q. 



The National Anniversary. 

Tuesday and Wednesday, May 8th and 9th, 1906, 

(Continued from ihe June and July Cynosures } 

The Convention met on \\'ednesday 
evening, ]\Iay 9. 1906, at 7:45 ©"clock, 
in the Moody Church, of Chicago. Af- 
ter music and the devotional opening the 
Convention listened to an address : 





There can be no doubt in the mind of 
a person studying the condition of the 
churches to-day that the words of Christ, 
that his disciples should be persecuted by 
the world, have very little application 
to our time. The question is, does that 
come from the fact that the world has 
changed, or does it come from the fact 
that the church has changed? Some- 
thing has changed, and I believe that 
the change is in the church. The world 
has certainly so far come under the in- 
fluence of Christ that even the people 
who do not believe in Christianity, and 
who scorn the religion of the very civ- 
ilization under which they live. — these 
people have by Christian civilization 
come so far that they will not persecute 
bodily the church. Yet if the Christian 
to-day, if a clergyman to-day, takes a 
decided, clear-cut stand sucli as Christ 
and the apostles took, he is going to feel 
in some way or other that the world 
is the same to-day that it was at the 
time when Christ was here. If a min- 
ister or a Christian to-day has not felt 
that, it is because he has never taken 
the position that Christ took. Christ 
could have gone through the world just 
as. easily, just as smoothly, as we Chris- 
tian ministers do to-day, if his words 
had come as smoothly and carefully, 
avoiding all dangerous issues. But Christ 
spoke out so openly and so squarelv on 
every issue which he touched at all, that 
when he spoke it was apparent. The 
world turned against him, and even some 
of his own people said that it was too 

hard to listen to what he said. Thev 
left him. and did not follow him any 


Xpw I consider it one of the great 
humiliations of ni}- ministry, that I have 
not received more of the antagonism and 
persecution of the world. I have a good 
many things in my ministry, just like 
other ministers, that I could take up 
and take a little pride in — little accom- 
plishments ; but on the other hand is 
this one fact, that 1 have never succeed- 
ed in arousing that antagonism which 
Christ aroused. I know perfectly well 
that the world has come to the point 
where it would not crucify -i person for 
his religious convictions. Tliere is not 
enousrh relii^ious conviction in the world 
to-day to call forth anything like that : 
but at the same time, the only thing" 
that I could call persecution, the only 
opposition, that I have had in my min- 
istry, has come from meetins: the lodge 
question. It began with that in the very 
early beginning of my ministry and it is 



August, 190(7. 

the only thing that I have any serious 
difficult} with to-day. 

The question is. what position should 
a minister rake with regard to the lodge, 
and why'" That of course depends upon 
what position the lodge takes toward 
Christ. That must decide the position 
of the minister toward the lodge. Now 
I cannot, in the short time allotted to 
me, go far into that subject. I only need 
mention these few facts : In the Ency- 
clopedia of ]\Iasonry, by oMackey, when 
speaking of religion, he says that there 
has been a great deal of effort put forth 
by the more timid Masons to hide the 
fact that ^Masonry is religious. That 
]\Iasonry is Christian he does not say 
at allv but fi'e'says it is religious. Now 
he says, that because IMasonry-Tias not 
taken the standpoint of Christianity, which 
the Christians want it to take, therefore 
the more timid "members have tried to 
show and argue and prove that Masonry 
is not a religion at all. But he says he 
has more courage than that. He says 
lie is hot like his more timid brethren, 
and is not afraid to say that Masonry is 
essentially a religion and that without 
this chief feature it would hardly be 
worthy of the support of wise and good 
men. That is tne substance of what 
]Vlackey says. Then he -goes on to say 
that Masonry is not the Christian relig- 
ion ; he says that the other religions, like 
JMohammedanism, Judaism, etc.. are just 
as acceptable to ^Masonry ; hence I be- 
lieve these two facts, from that very 
article in his Encyclopedia ( he is one of 
the greatest authorities on Masonry ) : 
first, that 3^Iasonry is a religion ; in fact 
he says it is a religion ; second, that that 
religion is not the Christian religion. 

In Boston a year or two ago, the 
World's Peace Congress met. and a rep- 
resentative from France was a high 
-^lason. In this Congress, Mrs. Meek, 
a Christian American woman, brought 
forth some resolutions to be passed, and 
in these resolutions she spoke of the 
Peace movement as being a Christian 
movement, and this French Alason — the 
French Masons are far more outspoken 
against Christianity than are the Masons 
-of other countries — this French Mason 
said : ''\\'ell, I have no objection to any 
Christian sentiment expressed in the res- 

olutions, but I want it clearly understood 
that the Peace IMovement is not only a 
Christian movement, but also a Free 
Thinker movement and a Masonic move- 
ment, and while we allow the Christians 
to retain their view, we also ask that non- 
Christians, Free Thinkers and Masons 
have a right to reserve their views, theu* 
faith, their religion." 

There you see how a high Mason, rep- 
resenting his country here in America 
at this Peace Congress, puts Christianity 
on one side and Masonry, non-Christians 
and Free Thinkers on the other side. 

In an Oddfellow lodge several years 
ago, a man prayed in the name of Christ, 
and a Jew said, "No Christ here ;" which 
he, as a Jew, had a perfect right to say 
as a member of the lodge. The lodge did 
not want to abide by this ; there were 
some Christians in the lodge that felt 
uneasy about it, so they applied to the 
Grand Sire of the world, the highest 
single official of the Oddfellow order, to 
give his opinion on it, and he said: 'T 
do not consider it right to mention the 
name of Christ in an Oddfellow lodge ; 
ifi fact I consider it unlawful." Now 
what business has a Christian in a com- 
pany, to be a brother in an organiza- 
tion, where the name of Christ is barred 
out by the highest official of the order? 
Then again the Grand Lodge of the 
Low Provinces of Canada thought that 
this was going too far, and sent a re- 
quest to the Southern Grand Lodge, 
which is the only authority above the 
Grand Sire. That lodge met in St. Louis 
in 1887, if I am not mistaken. I read its 
official report, issued by its secretary, 
and it says that the Grand Lodge of the 
Low Provinces of Canada had put it this 
way, that "the decision of the Grand 
Sire puts our order on record as having 
put a ban on the name of Christ." Now 
can the opponent of the Oddfellow or- 
der, or any secret order, put any strong- 
er test? Supposing that I, after many 
years of work against Oddfellowship, or 
against any secrecy, had said that, they 
would have said it was an exaggeration ; 
but these are exactly the words used by 
the Grand Lodge of the Low Provinces 
of Canada: "It puts our lodge on record 
as having put a ban on the name of 
Christ;"' and then it asks the Southern 

Aiisnst. 1900. 



Grand Lodge to overrule the decision 
of the Grand Sire. The Southern Grand 
Lodge appointed a committee, of three 
men. I think it was, to bring before the 
lodge a resolution on that application. 
They brought in this resolution, that 
the Oddfellow order, or the Southern 
Grand Lodge at that meeting, put that 
question on the table. Now you know 
what that means. That means silently 
putting it aside. When you do not have 
the courage to fight against a thing, you 
put it on the table. Now that was done 
by that meeting, and it has never been 
taken from the table yet. There the 
Oddfellow lodge stands before the world, 
impeached by one of its own Grand 
Lodges as having put a ban on the name 
of Christ. 

I do not have to go more into detail, 
but for a person who thinks these things 
over, this will suffice ; he will know what 
position ministers ought to take towards 
the lodge. I only want to say this: If 
there is here any member of a secret 
society who can say that his lodg'e has 
no religion, I shall be very glad to find 
out what lodge that is. One feature is 
common to almost all secret societies, 
and that is this, they have a religion. In 
order to make lodgemen admit that, you 
must say, "You. have no religion," and 
they will say, "Yes, we have ;" because 
if you say they have a religion, thev will 
say, "No, we do not." If I want to ar- 
gue the question with a Alason. I will 
say, "You have no religion ;" he will 
say, "Certainly we have a religion." 
Then you can argue the question with 
him. Now the fact is this : they demand 
a confession of faith before one can be- 
come a member. You have to confess 
faith in a Supreme Being, the Grand 
Architect of the Universe, etc. All these 
lodges give God nicknames. They do 
not use the names of the Bible. They 
say Supreme Being, Grand Architect, 
etc. : so you may believe in Allah, or 
Baal, or anything you please, just so it 
is a supreme being — they do not care if 
that supreme being is your wife ; but 
they require a confession of faith. They 
have, secondly, the reading of the Bible ; 
and thirdly, they have prayers. Fourth, 
they have devotions; fifth, they have pas- 
tors, or as they call them, ch.aplains. If 

this is not religion, I would like to know 
what it is. What is religion? It is, to* 
use as simple and wide an expression as 
possible, all that which is between man 
and his Maker, or the Supreme Being 
— a thought of Him, a longing for Him, 
faith in Him, a prayer — all that is re- 
ligion. But there is a very long step 
between religion and Christianity, in 
' many cases, and here is one of the mis- 
takes we make ; we do not distinguish 
between a man. who is religious and a 
nian who is a Christian, and that mis- 
take is made continually. 

I knew^ a woman whose child was 
dying, and it was awful to listen to her 
as she let her heart go up in prayer for 
that child. You say, "That mother is 
certainly religious." Why of course she 
is religious. No person would pray to 
God unless she was religious. But was 
she a Christian? No, her prayer was 
blasphemy from beginning to end. She 
never cared for God. she never prayed, 
she never went to church ; she only 
prayed when she was in trouble. Like 
a woman who said, "I have nothing now 
to depend on but God." She was not 
a bit of a Christian, she did not care for 
God before she lost her child ; it was sim- 
ply the agony of her heart that broke 
out in that prayer. 

That is what these lodges are ; they 
are religious, they have a religion, but 
not the Christian religion. You look 
in vain for the corner-stone of religion 
which the Bible gives us, the name of 
Jesus Christ. It is true you find it in 
certain high degrees of certain lodges ; 
in the Good Templars they have certain 
prayers that end with the name of Christ, 
but they avoid these prayers as much 
as possible. And in Masonry Christ is 
mentioned under the figure of the stone 
which brought forth blood and water. 
He is mentioned in the oath, "as the sin 
of the world was laid upon our Savior, 
so may it come upon me and against 
me in this life and the life to come, if 
I ever reveal any of the secrets of this 
order" — something like that. In the 
third degree of Blue Lodge ^Masonry, 
which makes a man an actual ^lason, 
the name of Christ is blotted out of all 
prayers: and do you know' that there 
are even Bible verses right in the Ma- 



Auffust. 1906. 

sonic ritual without the name of Christ? 
and if you will look up these passages 
in the Bible you will find the name of 
Christ is there in the Bible ; but when 
they read these passages in the lodge, 
they omit the name of Christ. 

AMiat should be the position of a min- 
ister toward the lodge? I do not think 
his attitude should be that of hostility 
to people who belong to the lodge. I 
think there are many Christians in the 
lodges : I know there are some who work 
with me against the lodges who do not 
think so. but I believe there are Chris- 
tians in tlie lodges, just as I believe that 
there are Christians who are not enlight- 
ened on other subjects. They have not 
got their eyes open to see that it is 
wrong. You will almost always find 
that those who are really spiritual Chris- 
tians and belong, to the lodge — almost 
every one of them will say, "T hardly 
ever put my foot in the lodge room.'' 

I came into a congregation once that 
did not have the constitution that I have 
in my church now. that no man that be- 
longs to the lodge can belong to the con- 
gregation. There was a man in the 
church that belonged to the lodge. I 
spoke to him about it once, and he said, 
*T do not care for it. I never put my 
foot in the lodge room." I said. 'Tf you 
die an Oddfellow and Oddfellows offi- 
ciate at your funeral, you will have to 
be buried without your pastor." and he 
said. 'T do not want to be buried as an 
Oddfellow." I replied. "Tf you do not 
want to die an Oddfellow, why do you 
want to live as one?'' I heard that that 
man never put his foot inside the lodg^ 
room since. 

But this is certain, that one of the 
great reasons why there are many Chris- 
tian people, as far as we can see. belong- 
ing to the lodge, is that ministers have 
not taken the right stand against the 
lodge. I am sure that in the city where 
I was before, a city of half a million 
people, two-thirds of the pastors have 
admitted to me in private that the lodge 
is un-Christian and wrong; but not one 
out of a hundred of them dared to face 
the matter in the pulpit. One of the 
leading men in that citv. a minister, and 
pastor of one of the leading congrega- 
tions, had become convinced along this 

line, and he once met an old patriarch 
of the anti-secrecy movement down East, 
Rev. James P. Stoddard, and said to 
him, ""^^Ir. Stoddard, how can I find 
out whether there are many lodge men 
in my congregation?'' ]\Ir. Stoddard an- 
swered, "You can find out in five min- 
utes by mentioning the lodge in a ser- 
mon." He did mention it, and a short 
time afterwards I saw in the paper that 
his congregation had promised to pay 
him his salary for the rest of the year 
and to pay the expenses of his moving", 
if he would move at once. He did. He 
thought it was no use staying there. He 
found out. 

Now- as to the position of a minister 
toward the lodge : I have always taken 
this position : Treat lodgemen kindly ; 
treat them fairly and do not speak of 
all members of lodges as if they were 
all alike, all consciously opposed to Christ, 
all consciously opposed to good morals,. 
because they are not. But this position 
I do take: in the first place, do not ad- 
mit lodgemen to membership in a Chris- 
tian congregation, because dien you will 
find out whether a man is Christian or 
not ; for if a man is a thorough Chris- 
tian he is not going to leave the church 
for the sake of the lodge. In the second 
place, speak to a lodgeman about mor- 

T am sorry to say that in most of the 
pulpits to-day (and I do not wish to be 
a pessimist) the old gospel of salvation 
through the atoning blood of Christ 
and of the necessity of conversion and 
regeneration is very largely silenced. 
Among us Xorwegians it is a little bit 
dift"erent : in fact it is the opposite in 
many ways. If a pastor in our church 
should be silent on that subject, the con- 
gregation would be silent on salary dav. 
But in the majority of the fashionable 
cliurches of America the fact is this, that 
there are verv few pastors who dare to 
stand uo In the pulpit and say that any 
one in the congregation who does not be- 
lieve in the divinity and atonement of 
Christ Is eternally lost. -There are very 
few fashionable pidpits tonday In Amer- 
ica where the pastor can stand up and 
preach with its fulL consequence this: 
''Xo man cometh unto the Father but 
bv me." You see Unitarians and Trini- 

AU^lHi. 10<>I 



tanans hobnobbing and exchanging 
pulpits. In Boston a leading Unitarian 
and a leading Congregational church 
separated many years back because the 
Unitarian element split oft" and formed 
their own church, but a couple of years 
ago the young men came together and 
the papers ah gloried in the fact that 
these two congregations, which had been 
apart so many years, now had come 
back together and met as brethren. As 
long as Trinitarian and Unitarian pas- 
tors exchange pulpits there is very little 
hope of accomplishing anything for 
Christ. The world may applaud the lib- 
erality and the world may praise the 
pastors for their broad-mindedness. You 
can scare almost any pastor out of your 
liouse if you say he is not broad-minded. 
There was no man so narrow-minded, 
in that sense, as Jesus Christ, for he 
said: .'Xo man cometh to the Father 
except by me.'* 

Xow I say that the position of the pas- 
tor -toward the lodge should be this : 
preach the necessity of conversion, re- 
generation and faith in the atoning blcK)d 
of Christ for salvation, and you have 
struck a hlow at die very central doctrine 
of the secret societies. 

I once was called to the grave of a 
man who had died, as I understood, from 
drinking. He had been such a mean 
man that he did not have one single per- 
sonal friend at his grave. His brother 
was a Christian, and he i^aid. "Pas- 
tor. I want you to go with me and my 
wife to that grave : we do not feel like 
going without our pastor, and my broth- 
er has not a friend — even us he had 
driven away — but I feel, as his brother. 
I and my wife ought to go to the grave, 
and we would like to have you go with 
us." In order to comfort him I went. 
When we got to the grave, there stood 
four men representing a lodge the de- 
ceased had belonged to. I said. '"What 
are you going to do here?'' They said. 
^'We have the chaplain, he is going to 
read something." I said. "Let me see." 
and he showed it. It said the brother had 
gone to the grand lodge above, where 
there were no more tears and no more 
sorrows — a man that died from drink- 
ing, and never gave a sign that "he be- 
lieved in Christ I I said to this chap- 

lain. ""Eitiier y»_.u read that, or I read 
my liturg}- — one of the two. I am not^ 
going to take part in a service where 
this man is going to be spoken of as be- 
ing in heaven for paying his dues to the 
lodge." I told him. "You are welcome 
to take the leaf and throw it into the 
grave, as a token of personal friendship, 
but either I or you officiate at this 
grave." Well, he left out his reading, 
that the dead man now was in heaven, 
etc., and let me read my ritual, which 
simply quoted Bible passages relating 
to death and the resurrection, but gave 
no personal judgment on the person in 
the grave. 

One day, as I was just home from 
church and the rain was pouring dow^n. 
and I was cold, a man came in and said 
there was to be a funeral in the outskirts 
of tlie city, and a pastor who was going 
to be there ( a pastor of another con- 
gregation I could not reach the funeral 
in time, and so this man asked me if I 
could not go. I knew they were people 
that had left my congregation on account 
of the lodge question and gone to the 
other pastor, and when they could not get 
him, thev called me. I would do for a 
substitute, if they could not get any one 
else. I said to myself. "I will show them 
this time that it is a matter of principle 
with me and not personal hostility," and 
I said to the man, "I will go up to the 
house and speak a few words of comfort 
to the mourners.." \\'hen I came in. 
there were four Oddfellows, and they 
came up to the casket and they read their 
ritual. After they had read t'tieir ritual, 
the wife of the deceased said. "Pastor. 
will you not go to the cemetery and con- 
duct the sen-ice there?" In our coun- 
trv we have a custom of throwing three 
shovelfuls of eanh on the casket, and 
repeating. "Dust thou an. to dust shait 
thou return." I said, "Don't you know 
me well enough to know that I do not 
have fellowship with secret societies?' 
She went into the other room and said. 
"Well, pastor, it is not because I care 
anything for you."' Xow beside me stood 
an C)ddfeIlow whom I knew to be a 
Godless man. and a friend of the de- 
ceased : and he came^Qver to me. and I 
thought. "Xow he will just give it to 
me : I have lost his friendship and re- 



August, 1906. 

spect" : but he put his hand on my 
shoulder and said, "Pastor, you cannot 
go against your conscience"; and this is 
a thing I have found, that lodgemen with 
anv kind of manhood in them respect a 
minister far more for opposing their 
lodge than for joining it. 

^^'hen I left a city where I had worked 
for fourteen years, the people of my 
nationality in general in that city had a 
great reception for me in one of the halls 
down-town, and the man who escorted 
me into the hall was a Mason whom I 
twice — the last time just a week before- 
had refused membership in my church, 
although his wife and son were members 
there. The man who led that meeting 
was one whom I had kept out of my 
church because he did not go to church ; 
the man who conducted my children into 
the meeting was one whom I had refused 
membership in my church because he did 
not agree with us in faith ; the man who 
took part prominently in the program 
was a ]Mason who knew that he could 
not be a member of my church, because 
we had spoken together about it ; and the 
man who spoke in Swedish a word of 
farewell from the Swedish people* in the 
city was a man with whom I had had dis- 
cussion along that line — he was a Good 
Templar, and knew that he could not 
get into my church. I tell you this to 
show vou that these lodge people, though 
they oppose his position, respect the 
clerg}-man who takes that position : and 
vet the persecution and slander I was 
exposed to while I was a pastor in that 
city was all on account of the lodge ques- 
tion, all of it. 

Xow I take this position in respect to 
the lodge, and this is to be my closing 
remark : In the first place, preach against 
it ;Jn the second place, do not take lodge 
people into church membership ; in the 
third place, do not officiate with them at 
funerals, or any kind of religious serv- 
ices ; and very quickly you will see that 
there will be a change of attitude be- 
tween vou and some of your people. 

I admit that this requires courage. I 
do not want to boast of my own courage, 
but I sav this. It is a matter of courage 
to meet the lodge like that, fairly and 
squarely. I believe that a minister should 
take a position publicly respecting the 

lodge, not merely in private: not only when 
with some of those who are opposed to 
the lodge should he say, "Yes, I believe 
there is something wrong in it ; it is not 
right" : but he should stand up and speak 
fairly and squarely before his congrega- 
tion what he believes to be right. Let the 
congregation feel his position. Let him 
help to tear the church building down 
if Christ can be held un. 


Anent the question of another Masonic 
Congress, it is proposed in Europe to hold it 
in Switzerland, which the Masonic Home 
Journal amends bj' naming the United States, 
and giving the following reasons therefor, 
which amendment is heartily seconded by the 
Texas Freemason : 

1. North America has more Masonic 
grand lodges and more craftsmen than any 
other subdivision of the earth, consequently 
more would be accommodated. 

2. It speaks the language of more people 
than any other and all tongues could be met 

3. It is more accessible to every country 
on the globe, by way of both oceans from 
every continent, including South America* 
Japan and v Australia, not to mention the 
smaller islands. 

4. It is more active In Masonry. Is con- 
servative, and has less to do with politics 
or class religion than any other excepting 
England, if even that country should be 

To effect such a union this prerequisite 
will no doubt influence all English-speaking 
Masonry. The creed of Masonry — belief in 
God— must be assented to in unequivocal, 
terms, and politics must be kept outside. 

Though published in 1901 by the 
Texas Freemason the above has perma- 
nent interest. 

Benjamin Franklin once said, "The 
noblest question in the world is. What 
good may I do in it ?" To raise the in- 
quiry is to face the duty. 

The voter who has professed Christ 
should have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness. 

It IS better to know how to do a thing 
than to receive a compensation for do- 

Aii^usr. IVV: 




REV, A, C, DIXON. D, D, 

Pastor Ruggles Street 
Baptist Church, Boston 

The socierv' that displaces and opposes the church of Jesus Christ is not to be commended. A 
:gentlenian sometime ago asked me to preach a sermon under the auspices of a secret society which 
he represented. I learned from him that t\venr\'-nve years ago he was a member of a Christian 
church, bu: now he had nothing but criticism for the church. He insisted that secret societies, 

were doing the work of the church and doing i: better. * 

The society- that places itself before the church is an 
evii. I have known church members who, when there 
was a conflict between the lodge and the church, aiwavs 
went to the lodge. This sort of thing is honeycombing 
the church of Jesus. 

The society that sends men ro heaven, just Decause 
they are members of it, r^ardless of character, is a power for 
evil ;n this world. 

A societ}- that c'.aims to be a philanthropic institution, 
when it receives more from dues than :: expends on charit)', 
deceives the public. 

A societ)- that has coarse and brutal methods of initia- 
tion should not be encouraged. More than one man has 
been killed while being i.nitiared in'-o a secret order. 

The socief.-. secret or public, which expels Jesus Christ, no Christian can afford to join. In 
some secret orders, Christ is excluded irom certain degrees in order that Jews and inridels may 
become members. 

"Stand fast, therefore, in tlie liberrv wherewith Christ hath 
again vr.xh. the yoke of bondage. ' — Gal. 5:1. 

and i>e no: entangled 


Pastor's Assistant of Chicago 
A'benue • Moody i Church 

I suppose I ought to know something about Masonry, as I 
have taken many degrees in it and have been an officer of my lodge 
at Guthrie Center, Iowa. 

After my conversion to Christ the lodge lost its charm to me, 
and many lodge scenes seemed a mocker)-. So long as a man is in 
the broad road that leads to death, it may be the lodge is just as 
good a place as any, but I pin- the poor, star*-ed child of God who 
seeks comfort and strength fVom a society so largely of the 

REV, W, 5. 'ACOBY 



August. 1906. 



I feel very much encouraged to stand 
up in this sacred place and "to look into 
the faces of manv who have heard that 


^reat Christian worker, D. L. Moody, 
speak from this pulpit. This place to 
me is hallowed and holy, and I rejoice 
to meet here under the auspices of the 
National Christian. Association, an insti- 
tution that is doino- so much good in our 
country. It is a pleasure to be in this 
city for the first time to make an ad- 
dress. I rejoice that I have heard this 
afternoon and this evening, words that 
I shall take awav as a blessing, and 
doubtless many of you will do likewise. 
The issue that is now confronting us is 
one that is very great indeed. These 
turbulent waters are severe, but the bat- 
tle is the Lord's and we should always 
endeavor to conquer in His name. 

The subject presented is that of 
"Lodge Glory vs. God's Glory." The 
issue is made very clear, very strong, by 
the wording of the subject. They seem 
to be exactly antagonistic — the lodge 
glory vs. God's glory. I want it under- 
stood here, thoug'h, my dear people, in 
accord with what we have heard here 
this evening, that I am a decided friend 

to every lodg'e man, but I am an enemy 
to the system. The system of Chris- 
tianity is perfect, but not all the people 
connected with it are perfect. The lodge 
system is against God's system, though 
some well-meaning people, even good 
people, yea, many perhaps, are associat- 
ed and connected therewith ; and if they 
are not, it is not because of aversion to 
the lodge system, but because of the in- 
fluence of their fathers and mothers and 
the Christianity that is in the land. 

It seems from the nature of the sub- 
ject, that I am to speak upon the merits' 
of the lodge^the virtues of the system. 
Now I assume that the devil has never " 
done a work but that he harnessed it to 
some virtue ; he never has done an or- 
ganized work without associating' it with 
some virtue. He understands that pretty 
well — how to hold out false pretenses, 
and so on. If you remember correctly 
his temptations of Jesus, they were all 
things that were to be done. The Savior 
intended to eat bread ; He ate bread. He 
intended to convince people that He was 
the Son of God, as the devil seemingly 
\Vanted Hinl to do by casting Himself 
down from the pinnacle of the temple ; 
and he intended to take possession of the 
entire world, which He is doing and w^ill 
do, but which the devil wanted Him to 
do by a shorter way than that of God's 
appointment. Everything that the devil 
asked the Savior to do, the Savior either 
has done or will do ; but He did not take 
the devil's method; and therefore we dis- 
tinguish between the virtue and the 
things which are associated with it — 
between the man and the system that he 
has espoused. 

I do not know as much about the lodge 
system as I would like to know^ ; but I 
want to talk about things,, just what I do 
know, simply as they are. I have no 
beautifully constructed address — nothing 
finished about it — it will be extempor- 
aneous ; but I shall pick out a few things 
that have appeared to me as merits, or 
as points of virtue, that the lodgemen 
boast of. 

I think they manifest everywhere that 
secrecy is a kind of something to like. 
They boast of that. The glory of any- 
thing is its bright points, the virtues of 
which we might be proud, the things 

Ausriist, 1906. 



about it that we like to boast of; and 
they rather Hke to boast of the secrecy 
phase of the lodge. That is evidently 
against God's glory. The Lord likes to 
publish things. If the Lord were in that 
iDUsiness, he would make a good newspa- 
per editor. The newspapers, by the way, 
are the great agencies for the spreading 
of truth — sometimes wrongly used, it is 
true — but the agency is all right, and the 
press of this country in the generations 
to come will perhaps be the means of 
wiping out secrecy from our land. 

The secrecy, therefore, of the lodge 
system is against the Lord's open way of 
doing things. He likes to publish on the 
housetops, and he likes to have the word 
of the Lord published throughout ■ the 
country, as at Antioch, and so Christians 
are to publish the word. The various se- 
cret orders would rather conceal, hedge 
it about, enclose it. 

Another thing about the lodge that 
men seem to boast of, is that they have 
strong men in it; it is made up of stal- 
wart men, men of muscle, men of phy- 
sique. They pick them to that end. Now" 
when a comrade of mine, of the name of 
Jesse Gillespie, attempted to become a 
member of the IMasonic fraternity, he 
was not admitted. He was a sound man, 
judging from all appearances, except that 
he had lost his left arni. He had only 
one arm, and he could not get into the 
IMasonic lodge. But I am glad that a 
man can get into heaven if he has only 
one arm. If he cannot get into the 
lodge here below\, he can not get into the 
grand lodge above, according to their ar- 
o-ument. They want men with two hands 
and two feet, able-bodied and sound; they 
Dick their men. "Are you able to take 
care of yourself?" "I am." *'We will 
take you then," say they. 

And so they, boast of their physical 
strength. The lodge is, theoretically, a 
body of athletes, so to speak. If all men 
were like that, their powers for doing 
gfood to the lowly and their powers of 
sympathy would be crushed, or at least 
never developed. They cut off develop- 
ment of the soul, and it is human 
strength — it is the Goliath of modern 
times going forth to battle. 

The lodge is an aristocratic associa- 

tion. I am living north of the Potomac 
River now, but I was born south of the 
Mason and Dixon line. My father was' 
a Union man, however, and we had hard 
times down there during the Civil War. 
My father was opposed to the Secession 
movement, and he always spoke with a 
kind of contempt when he said secession ; 
he cut it short and said ''secesh." He 
did not like the aristocracy of the South, 
and I suppose I was trained somewhat 
to be prejudiced; but I think it is wrong 
even to-day, after I have studied the 

There are various kinds of aristocracy. 
In Boston, I am told," if a stranger comes 
into the community the aristocracy asks, 
"What do you know? What is your edu- 
cation? W^hat degrees do you possess?" 
and so on. Come down to New York 
City and the' aristocracy comes to the 
surface in this form : 'Tiow much is he 
worth? Is he a moneyed man? Is he 
wealthy?" Come to Philadelphia, and 
the question is asked: ''Who was your 
father?" — the aristocracy of ancestrv. 
And come down to Baltimore, and thev 
say: "What will you have for breakfast?" 
And so it goes on. 

We have aristocracy in the lodge : thev 
do not merely want able men, but they 
want them only — not even able women — 
and thev even pledge themselves that 
they will not be present nor help in bring- 
ing a woman into the association. That 
is quite the elite, is it not? 

Well now, that is against God's system. 
God is not concerned merely about the 
strong man : Lie is concerned for the 
weak as well; and He is on the lookout 
for the man that is weak and the man 
that needs help. If he finds a man on 
the road to Jericho, he stops : his other 
mission is tabled for the time being, and 
he looks after this man — gets off his 
mule and puts the man on and takes him 
to the inn. That is the divine side of it. 
The lodge system would be like the priest 
that passed by on the other side. He had 
so nuich religion that he had no time. ITe 
must go about the Lord s business, -and 
so he passed by on the other side. The 
Lord goes after the weak and the lame, 
the halt and the blind, and whosoever 
will may come to lesus Christ and be 



Auffiist, 1006, 

helped : but the lodge system is exactly 
antagonistic to that. Therefore lodge 
glory is against God's glory. 

I like the spirit of the ^Master when 
he said : "How think ye? If a man have 
an hundred sheep, and one of them be 
gone astray, doth he not leave the ninety 
and nine/ and goeth into the mountains, 
and seeketh that which is gone astray?" 
-And when he hath found it, he layeth it 
on his shoulders, rejoicing." I wish I 
might have heard the beloved Sankey, 
the sweet singer, as he warbled forth 
those beautiful words: 
"There were ninety and nine that safely lay 

In the shelter of the fold, 
But one was out on the hills away, 

Far off from the gates of gold— 
Away on the mountains wild and hare. 
Away from the tender Shepherd's care. 

•• 'Lord. Thou hast here Thy ninety and nine : 

Are they not enough for Thee?' 
But the Shepherd made answer, 'This of 

Has wandered away from Me, 
And although the road ibe rough and steep, 
I go to the desert to find my sheep.' " 

The lodge system is directly apposed 
to that, and therefore the lodge glory is 
against God's glory. 

Reference was just made to the ad- 
mission of men only. There may be 
other associations where women go to 
themselves and men to themselves, but 
this was not so from the beginning. Man 
and woman were together in the garden 
of Eden. Man and woman are together 
in the family ; man and woman are to- 
gether in the Sunday school and in the 
church ; and I believe I will say here, 
Any movement that has not the co-oper- 
ation and sympathy of both men and 
women is of the devil ; and that is what 
we find in the lodge. If woman is to be 
excluded by the fundamental rules of 
this organization, is it not logically at 
once questionable? It is not on the line 
of true sociology ; so wherever we find 
that the sociology, or the ordinary make- 
up of the lodge system, in this respect is 
agai-nst the divine system, it is against 
God's glory. 

Man loves display. God's people love 
display too. I believe that man has the 
faculty of boasting, he has the faculty of 
glorying; and God has made it possible 

for him to glory righteously. You know 
Paul said about the people who had 
brought evil doctrine into Galatia, that 
they preached circumcision only because 
they were afraid to withstand persecu- 
tion, and that they might glory in the 
flesh, but Paul said, "God forbid that I 
should glory, save in the cross of our 
Lord Jesus Christ;" "I bear in my body 
the marks of the Lord Jesus ;" and he 
bore these marks nobly, and every one of 
us should bear them. Even if we ar;" 
persecuted, let us bear these m^arks. So 
we often sing: 
"In the cross of Christ I glory, 

Towering o'er the wrecks of time; 
All the light of sacred story 

Gathers round its head sublime." 

A man likes to glory in something, 
there is no doubt about that ; he likes 
something that is visible and is tangible. 
I think that is the reason why John Alex- 
ander Dowie, Elijah III. ( ?) has been 
able to deceive so many people, — because 
of his pageantry and things of that kind. 
I am glad one writer has aptly said : 
"Man is a military animal and he glories 
in gunpowder and loves parade." So we. 
find the lodge system, under the influ- 
ence of Satan, evidently taking advan- 
tage of this weakness in man. Man is 
easily deceived along this fine. The 
lust of the eye, the lust of the flesh 
and the pride of life sweep him off his 
feet very often. That is the reason why 
Barnum said: "Man likes to be humbug- 
ged." The devil knows this, and he uses 
this method to a large extent ; he has 
these big, high-sounding names — Grand 
Master, Past Grand Master, Most Wor- 
shipful Master, Most Worshipful Grand 
Master, Grand Architect of the Uni- 
verse, and so on. These things appeal to 
the fleshly man ; they are sensual in their 
character and human nature seems to be 
pleased with it. So man is captured 
through these things. 

Btit such glory does not last long 
though, dear people. I think this is the 
kind of glory that the poet had in mind 
when he sung: 
"The 'boast of heraldry, the pomp of power, 

And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er 
Await alike the inevitable hour : — 

The paths of glory lead (but to the grave." 

August, 19(>G. 



But with God there is a glory that is 
lasting-; "our light affliction, which is buc 
for a moment, worketh for us a far 
more exceeding ■and eternal weight of 
glory." "When the Son of man shall sit 
in the throne of His glory," then shall we 
realize it, and the glory of the Lord will 
fill the eaith. "Let your light so shine," 
therefore, "that men may see your good 
works, and glorifj your Father which 
is in heaven." 

And again, the lodge seems to glory 
in its wideness. My brother here talked 
about broad-mindedness. That is, as he 
stated, a pretty hard thing to meet. It 
is quite a temptation to a person ; but 
we should remember that law restricts. 
That is what it is for ; and when you have 
much law, you will have much restric- 
tion ; hence you will have only a path 
to walk in. That is the reason we have 
a narrow road to heaven: we have the 
broad law of God. And the reason why 
the lodge svstem, and especially the arch 
order, the Masonic order, is marked by 
what thev call such broad-mindedness 
• — or in other words, is such a broad road 
— is because they have so little law. The 
Masonic law will not exclude a Chris- 
tian, it will not exclude a Jew, it will 
not exclude a Mohammedan, it will not 
exclude a Buddhist, it will not exclude 
a Confucian ; it will not exclude any of 
these. The reason for it is, they have 
not a sufficient law. They have a little 
law, and hence their track is broad. 

There is such a thing as having a 
broad track, and having it so broad that 
it amounts to nothing. Suppose you 
have a railroad around the earth, just on 
the equator, and you have that a narrow- 
gauge road ; finally you conclude you will 
have a broad-gauge road, and you keep 
widening it until you reach the poles ; 
then you would have just a little spot 
— you would have it so wide it would not 
cover anything. So when the lodge en- 
deavors to straddle everything, it covers 
nothing. It is a straddler. 

Now I can tell you, my dear people, 
that when an institution pledges itself 
that there will be nothing connected with 
it to conflict with duties to the family, 
the church or the state, it pledges itself 
to something that it cannot make good. 
The familv and the state can come in 

conflict, and the church and the state 
may conflict ; but the lodge says, "We 
will guarantee that there will be no con- 
flict here." It attemots to measure God, 
and the church and the state b}- its own 
standards, and the family also. 

These are wonderfully smart men wha 
write the laws of the lodge, and thev 
have their own creed — certainly they do. 
Mackey says substantially: "We have a 
creed, and it embodies two distinct arti- 
cles of faith: First, a belief in God, the 
Creator of all things, the Grand Archi- 
tect of the Universe ; and secondly, belief 
in immortal life." That is the creed of 

Whenever we write a creed, we at- 
tempt to measure God. I say this in all 
due respect to the creeds that have been 
written. Divine truth is at best by men: 
only a/Jprehended, but to write a creed 
implies a comprehension of it ; so creeds 
are likely to be outgrown. But God has 
given us a creed' — the Bible — which will: 
last for time and for eternity. It covers 
the entire ground — the entire realm of 
human duty and human interest. So I 
find that the broadness, or^the wideness^ 
of the lodge system, is its narrowness ; 
and the narrowness of the gospel is its 

The lodge system would have men of 
every kind come into it. It seems the}^ 
want to straddle everything, so they mav 
get everybody in; but just for' a moment 
suppose that they should get everybody 
into the lodge, what would be the result ?" 
They would be just where they started;, 
just like a farmer down in \'irginia some 
years ago. He had a hog that came in 
through an old-fashioned rail fence, and 
he had difficulty to find where the hog 
got in ; but he looked a number of times 
and found a hollow log in the fence, and 
he discovered that the hog had come in 
through that log, so he turned the log so 
that both ends were outside, and when 
the hog went in at one end and came 
out at the other end, it had not got anv- 

If the lodge system should succeed in 
enlisting everybody, it would be a failure 
so far as that is concerned. The lodge 
system attempts to bring everybody into 
it Zi'itJioiit changing them; but lesus 



August, 1906. 

Christ seeks to brln^ everybody unto 
Him by changing them. He makes them 
fit the divine system, but the lodge makes 
its system to ht the people. That is 
exactlv contrary and antagonistic to the 
Lord's way of doing things. I would 
rather have the old-time religion, ^he 
broad law, and the narrow way that leads 
to life and immortal bliss. 

There is much of selfishness about the 
lodge. It was said to-day that the lodge 
is organized selfishness. Now selfishness 
does not need much organization to give 
it culture. Weeds will grow anywhere. 
We do not need organized selfishness. 
The Christian religion is altruistic; the 
Christian in honor prefers another, seeks 
another's wealth. That is the gist of the 
Christian religion. But the lodge system 
is not that way, therefore the lodge 
glorv is against God's glory. 

The lodge is satisfied to pray this kind 
of praver : ''O Lord, bless me and my son 
John, my wife and John's wife ; us four 
and no more." It is not so wath Chris- 
tianity; it reaches out and would have 
evervbody come. "Look unto me, and 
be ye saved, all the ends of the earth." 
''God is not willing that any should 
perish, but that all should come to re- 
pentance," and be saved. 'Whosoever 
will, let him take of the water of life 
freely." That is the gosp^el w^e preach, 
that is the glory of our system ; and it 
makes the lame to walk and the blind to 
see, and the deaf to hear ; it makes a 
man whole in Jesus Christ, because he 
has a perfect ideal. 

And again, about the religious side, 
it has been said that the lodge system is 
a religious system, and I think w^ell said, 
but its religion is not the Christian re- 
ligion. Some one has said: "Lodge 
religion is a Christless religion ; it is not 
pure and undefiled religion." The Bible 
puts it this way : 'Ture 'religion and un- 
defiled before God and the Father is this, 
To visit the fatherless and widows in 
their affliction, and to keep himself un- 
spotted from the zvorld." That is the 
pure religion, the undefiled religion. 

There are also the heathen religions, 
the Jewish religion, and other religions, 
that are not the Christian religion. It is 
quite a satisfaction and glory to lodge- 
men to say that Freemasonry is ' a re- 

ligion, but it is evidently not the Chris- 
tian religion. If I could go into the 
lodge-room and hear sung in the initia- 
'•All bail the power of Jehus' name! 

Let angels prostrate fall ; 
Bring forth the royal diadem, 

And crown him Lord of all." 

1 should think a revolution had 

taken place — and there would have, no 
doubt about that. They do not want to 
exalt the name of Jesus, and yet their 
creed requires a belief in God, and a 
belief in "the eternal life," as Mackey 

Suppose we say, "Dear Jesus, come 
down to Chicago; come Thou down and 
enter into the lodge ; as we put the ques- 
tion to You, answer. Will You solemn- 
ly swear — " 

"No, I do not swear." 

"We won't take you." 

Jesus Christ could not be admitted into 
the order. 

Let us call up the devil. 

"Come up from Erebus, from the dark- 
est regions beneath." . 

"Here I am." -;: , ■ 

."Do you believe in a Sttpreme Be- 
ing ?" 

"Yes, don't you know I was one of 
the first to discover that Jesus Christ wa<i 
the Son of God ? Don't you know James 
said we believe, and we go further — we 

"Do you believe In the future life ?" 

"Yes, sir." 

"Walk right In." 

The devil could be initiated, btit Jesii* 
of Nazareth could not ; therefore the 
lodge glory is not God's glory. It is, 
maybe, allopathic doses, but It must come 
to hght ; so have It now while penitence 
and salvation are at our doors. 

I would like to say a few words In 
regard to the ethics of the lodge system. 
What is Freemasonry? Freemasonry Is 
a peculiar system of morality — mark the 
w^ord "peculiar," as If It was manufac- 
tured, as if it .was made ; and they speak 
truly. Now a man cannot manufacture 
a system of ethics. Mr. Mackey himself 
says that there are the ethics of theo- 
logy, and the ethics of Christianity, and 
the ethics of ulillosophy ; and there Is also 
another tirade of etlilcs — the ethics of 

Aiisrnst. 190<1 



Freemasonry, and the last comprehends, 
or combines, the other three. Thus it 
would not be peculiar ; it would be har- 
monious. All the ]\lasonic blessings 
are blessings under a peculiar system of 

Rio-ht is right and always has been ; so 
wrong is wrong. Right is the eternal, 
immutable, universal something which 
never was made ; perhaps it could not be, 
according to my statement, being univer- 
sal, immutable and eternal, co-existent 
with God. God always appropriates it 
to perfection; He chooses to do it; He is 
right because He does right. He is right 
because He appropriates right by His 
choice ; He chooses to do right because 
it is right, and He does right: and the 
devil is wrong because he chooses to do 
wrong — chooses the opposite of that. 

If we take the oath, for instance, of 
the lodge : a man says he is going to be 
faithful to his vow, to his oath, and he 
will always respect the chastity of a 
INIason's wife, or a ^lason's daughter ; 
implying that perhaps he would have 
more liberty somewhere else. He will 
be faithful now to his oath if he helps 
his fellow }^Iason, or his fellow lodge 
member, because he took oath to do it. 
There is no virtue in this. If he would 
do it without the oath,. there is virtue in 
it. And I want to sav that the march 
of ethical philosophy of this twentieth 
century will wipe out the diabolical 
tendency of these terrible oaths ; and the 
free press of our country and the new 
philosophy that is commg upon us will 
not allow them recognition among Chris- 
tian people. Do right hecaiisc it is right. 
A man has no virtue unless he does right 
because it is right. I like Dr. Horn's 
definition of virtue: 'ATrtue is doing 
right intentionally, because it is right" ; 
and it is not virtue without that. 

I want to sav further, that Jesus Christ 
stands first, and He is to be recognized. 
If we deny the Son, we deny the Father ; 
and therefore a denial of Jesus Christ 
is a denial of God. We must accept 
Jesus Christ and exalt Him ; and when 
the lodge system does that I will em- 
brace the lodge system. ^lake Him first, 
last and all the time — then of course they 
break down. 

There will be no grand lodge . iu 
heaven, for there are no secrets there; 
we shall know even as we are known. 
There will be no grand lodge there, no 
secret order there. We shall all be one 
in Christ Jesus; and every man will be 
a perfect man, because the resurrection 
will bring a man into perfectness ; he is 
buried in weakness and raised in glory, 
raised in power. I thank God for this. 
I therefore am opposed to all these 
shrewd, deep-laid, mysteriously-laid plans 
against Jesus of Xazareth. For "there 
is none other name under heaven given 
among men, whereby we must be saved." 
"Other foundation can no man lay than 
that is laid, which is -Christ Jesus." 

I like the admission of Xapoleon, the 
great warrior: "Jesus Christ is not a 
man. I know men. He is not a philo- 
sopher, for his proofs are miraculous." 
Caesar, Alexander, Charlemagne, have 
founded empires ; but upon what do we 
rest the creations of our genius? Upon 
force. This the lodge system attempts 
to do. Jesus Christ alone founded an 
empire on love, and to-day there are 
millions of subjects ready to die for him. 

AMiat a difTference between the great 
abyss and the eternal kingdom of Jesus 
Christ which is being preached and is 
spreading over the entire world ! So I 
say the boasted wideness of the lodge 
system is its narrowness ; its assumed 
magnanimity is its pusillanimity ; its 
charity is selfishness, and its religion is 
idolatrous. It cannot stand. 

Let us take the position against it. Our 
work will be tested largely by our posi- 
tion. ]\Iay we take our position like 
Christians in the apostolic church, and 
the persecution will come. "All that 
will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suf- 
fer persecution," but God will be with us. 
We can do all things through Christ who 
strengtheneth us. Let us therefore rest 
upon Him and He will bring us through, 
and by and by we shall say, "Hallelujah ! 
the Lord God omnipotent reigneth." 
"Truth forever on the scaffold. Wrong for- 
ever on the throne — 
Yet that scaffold sways the future, and, be- 

hind_the dim unknown. 
Standeth God within the shadow, keeping 
watch above His own." 



August. 190G. 


To the Xational Christian Association : 

Beloved in Christ and witnesses for the 
Truth : The grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ be muhipHed unto you and all of 
like precious faith. 

Your Anniversary Program is before 
me. A few names suggest happy mem- 
ories, but most are new and to me per- 
sonal! v unknown. I doubt not that they 
are the called and worthy successors oi 
those pioneers who toiled and endured 
hardness until it was said, 'Tt is enough; 
come up higher." 

I could write much of the conditions 
and omens on the Xew England field; 
but it is quite unnecessary. Conditions 
and experiences are here much as else- 
where. When the battle is set in array 
and the forces join, the same God is over 
all and the sword of the Spirit is equal- 
ly effective, when loyally wielded in faith 
and prayer. When the way seems rug- 
ged and the difficulties great, I recall 
the ^Master's words: 'Xo man. having 
put his hand to the plow and looking 
hack, is fit for the kingdom of God." 
And those other gracious words : 'A\'hen 
he putteth forth His own sheep. He 
goeth before them." I know it is per- 
fectly safe to. follow where He leads. 

God has been teaching us the value of 
money, by the lack of it, to equip and 
carry forward vigorouslv some seeming- 
h' much-needed lines of the work, espe- 
cially a canvass and tract department. 
Yet He knows best and "doefh all tilings 
zi'cll:'' Since He has furnished a com- 
modious headquarters and supplied thus 
far daily bread, it would be little less 
than criminal to distrust Him or question 
His faithfulness. God has planted the 
work on this conspicuous corner, and is 
constantly giving tokens of His abiding 
presence in the house which He has 
chosen as His own. But infinitely bet- 
ter and more to be desired. He is plant- 
ing the cause for which this building 
stands in the confidence and consciences 
•of many good and pious people in Xew 
England. It seems a process of slow 
growth, but it is steadily advancing, and 
I think the time is near when a decided- 
Iv vigorous eft'ort should be made to 
bring this latent force into action. 

The Christian ministers are in heart 

with us, and the same is true of Chris- 
tian people,, but they hesitate to take a 
bold stand, for reasons which to them 
seem sufficient. Some, after taking part 
in the Monday evening meetmsfs, have 
spoken from their pulpits and advised 
their people to attend those meetings and 
look carefully into the matter, before 
taking a step which they would be sure 
later to seriously regret. 

It has been impresed upon my mind 
of late, that a strong public meeting, 
held say in Tremont Temple, would be 
especially helpful to this class; and I 
have thought, too, that if our brethren 
in the \\^est could join with us, in saT< 
a three days* convention, it Avould bring 
us into closer touch and be mutuallv 
beneficial and helpful to the cause. We 
need your vigorous enthusiasm and 
energy to keep us out of traditional ruts, 
and the presence of a half-aozen of vour 
strong men would be an inspiration that, 
with God's blessing, would be felt 
throughout Xew England and the coun- 
try. In former years we have held such 
meetings in Boston and Xew England, 
with very decided results. I am confi- 
dent that some of our well-known and 
influential citizens and prominent minis- 
ters and W. C. T. U. women would be 
willing to take part in a convention, and 
others from neighboring cities would 
take an interest and attend. 

Mav the dear Lord be with you and 
guide you in all your ways, is the prayer 
of your brother in the fellowship and 
love of the Truth. 

James F. Stoddard, 

Boston. Secretan'. 



Like all reforms, our work tends to 
sameness and repetition. The soul de- 
void of sentiment and poetry sees little 
beauty in the coming and going of the 
seasons. To the careless observer, the 
countless blossoms upon the trees — ^the 
precursor of the autumn harvest — excite 
little admiration ; the acres of wild flow- 
ers, wasting their fragrance on the des- 
ert air. is only a repetition of by-gone 
years ; the grasses ^ that beautify our 
meadows seem like thev have been from 

Aii?ii>t. 190C. 



the creation ; yet scientists assure us that 
every spire is individual and differs from 
its neio^hbor. ^luch of the work of the 
Association becomes a routine, so that 
one is tempted to change the date of some 
former report and pass it for the present 

Inquiries for Hterature to cure the 
craze of young men and halting them 
from deserting church and Sabbath 
school for the lodge, differ this year from 
former years principally in their fre- 
quency. And initiations into lodges, as 
described in the colunins of the Cyno- 
sure, are this year as in former years, 
with the addition of greater brutality. 

The lines between friends and foes of 
secrecy are becoming better understood 
and more tightly drawn. 

The unreasonable demands of the in- 
dustrial unions, and their most tyranni- 
cal and inhuman methods of enforcing 
these demands, have in many instances 
widened the chasm between capital and 

The increased frequency of cruel and 
murderous hazings in our colleges, uni- 
versities and militarv academies, has 
brought forth severe denunciations from 
the secular press and has provoked legis- 
lation upon the subject by several of our 

The press and platform, as in former 
A-ears, continue to be our most formid- 
able weapons of warfare. The Cynosure 
continues to be the Association's press 
medium through which to reach the pub- 
lic eye, while the lecture rostrum catches 
the ear. Some more than half a hundred 
writers have contributed to the columns 
of the Cvnosure during' the past twelve 
months. President Blanchard's montlily 
letters continue to be of interest, because 
replete with instruction. They never de- 
generate into prosy platitudes. Com- 
munications received at the editor's sanc- 
tum, show that the Cynosure is highly 
prized by the readers. 

There is a growing demand for tracts, 
and a new edition of "Modern Secret So- 
cieties'' has been published. 

Trusts and monopolies are the great 
hue and cry of the day. They are the 
greatest vexation with which our legisla- 
tors have to contend. These could not 

exist, but for the fact that their doings 
are veUed m secrecv. Their methods of 
business are unknown to the public and 
they consider themselves immune from 
examination b}- the courts. Some im- 
IX)rtant decisions have been rendered 
unfavorable to this, dark-lantern business! 

In conclusion, it may not be improper 
to^ anticipate the future of our work. 
Who with the gift of prophecv dares 
venture a prediction as to the status of 
this work a dozen years hence ? Will the 
victory have been won, so that the war- 
riors against secrecy may stack their 
arms and rest from, their' labors ? If a 
continued warfare is to be waged, who 
is^ to do it ? \\liere are the successors 
of the old warriors ? Which one, among 
the several well equipped sons of our 
beloved E. A. Cook, stands ready to don 
his father's regim.entals ? What has be- 
come^ of the sons of our lamented Kel- 
logg ? Is there not one among the three 
noble boys of Secretary and Editor 
Phillips, ready to follow in' the footsteps 
of their honored father? Is there no 
young Fischer, in that gifted familv, to 
take up and prosecute the work of his 
distinguished sire? 

Did D. L. Moody, the prince of evan- 
gelists, leave no progeny to emphasize 
his testimony against secrecy? Is that 
wonderful volume of testimonies against 
the lodge, by Rev. Charles G. Finney, 
never to be endorsed by either of his 
illustrious sons? 

Is the Rev. James P. Stoddard, of 
Boston, the only veteran of the anti- 
secret cause who has given a son to be 
immolated, if need be, upon the altar of 
anti-secrecy? Do not the principles in- 
volved in a warfare against secret lodges 
furnish ample scope for the abilities'of 
the most ambitious college graduates ? 
Is there no glory, no honor, no ability, 
no heroism in espousing an unpopular 
truth ? 

The direness of the situation is mv 
warrant for being so personal. Unless 
in some way there be a transfusion of 
blood from sire to son, V.'v: Association 
must soon confront an insurmountable 

Let us ''Be wise to-day; 'tis madness 
to defer." 



Au,2iist, 1906. 

Testimonies of Theologians and Philosophers 


President of the Chicago Luth- 
eran Theological Seminary 

*' Secret societies are antichristian in their character, a dangerous foe to the familv, the state, 
and the church, and I cannot see how any true Christian can either join them, or, if he has been 
beguiled into entering them, how it is possible for him, with a .clean heart, to remain in them. 
See II. Cor. 6: 14, 15." 

REV, JAMES M. GRA Y, 2). 2). 

From an address in IB92, <when Rector First 
Reformed Episcopal church, Boston, Mass, 
No^oj ^ean of cMoody ^ibh Institute 

''Freemasonry is contrary to the word of God. It is 
dishonoring to Jesus Christ. It is hurtful to the highest 
jnterests of the soul. It has the stamp of the Dragon upon 
it. 'Come out from among them and be ye separate,' " 
—11. Cor. 6: I-. 


McCormick theological 
Seminary f Chicago 


"Some of the best men I ever knew belonged to some of the older orders of secrecy — just why 
I never knew. My principal objection to Masonry is that it is Christlessly religious and it narrows. 
its beneficences to the few while the gospel is for all the world." 


President of Princeton, in his li?ork, * 'Psy- 
chology; the Motive ^o^ers/' page 214 

"I have noticed that those who have been trained in 
secret societies, collegiate or political, and in trades unions, 
like priests, Jesuits, thugs and Molly Maguires, have their 
sense of right and wrong so perverted that in the interests 
of the body with which they have identified themselves they 
will commit the most autrocious crimes, not only without 
compunction, but with an approving heart and with the 
plaudits of their associates." 


Author of '' Philosophy of 
the Plan of Salvation ' 

"There is probably not one in a thousand who enter the lodge, who know, when blindfolded 
they take the terrible oaths, that Masonry is an antichrist and one of the most powerful enemies 
of Christ that exists. But this is put beyond the possibility of a doubt by the highest Masonic 
au horities." 


Chicago Theolog- 
ical Seminary 

"There are certain other wide-spread organizations, such as Freemasonry, which, we suppose, 
are in their nature hostile to good citizenship and true religion, because they exact initiatory oaths 
of blind compliance and concealment, incompatible with the claims of equal justice toward man and. 
a good conscience toward God." 






^ Ctuentirtj) Centurp iHinistcr 




**0 Mr. Galbraith, we've got the love- 
liest scheme! I'm sure vou'll say, when 
you hear it. that it's simply gorgeous ' 
You know we young folks pledged''-fitL\- 
dollars for the church repairs : well, we've 
found a wav to make it a hundred or 
more, and get a whole lot of fun out of 
it. too. I don't believe you could ever 
guess what it is." 

"I'm sure I couldn't. Jessie : I never 
was good at guessing." 

'"If onlv you don't raise some objection 
to it. Mavme Milner was sure you 
would, but I vowed I knew you better. 
Object! The very ideal What in the 
world- is there to object to?" 

'■perhaps if you tell me your scheme, 
I might be able to answer that question.'' 

"Oh. ves. to be sure I W'ell, we want 
to give a play. Miss Robie — she's that 
elocution teacher from Hartland. you 
know — has been in it before, and she 
says it always takes like wild-tire. Home 
talent entertainments usually do ; don't 
you think so}'' 

"I believe so. though I can't say I've 
had much experience.". 

"Well, you just read this play over 
once, and you'll see it's perfectly grand. 
It's a real nice, proper play, too — a tem- 
perance play, by the way:. 'One Glass ^^f 
A\'ine' is the sub-title. And there's a 
tremendous villain and two perfectly 
killing darkeys, and a long-lost father 
and the heroine's foster-father, who 
thinks he's murdered the father — that's 
where the glass of wine comes in. you 
know — and an important paper stolen by 
the villain, who uses it to compel the 
heroine to marry him : and then, just be- 
fore the bride savs 'I will.' v/ho should 
come in but his deserted wife and put a 
stop to it all, to the delight of everybody 
except the villain. Oh, it's perfectly 
magnificent !" 

"I should think so." 

"And ^ve want you for Dot's foster- 
father. Dot is the heroine. It isn't h 
hard part, you know — at least. I think it 
ouQ-ht to be easv for a minister. You 

just do a sight of sighing and groaning, 
and say you're ruined and have ruined 
}our family, all owing to that glass of 
wine you took so long ago — and a lot of 
things like that. And your wife'' — Jes- 
sie giggled — "your wife scolds you like 
everything, and says, 'I always told you 
you was a fool' — and, altogether, it's too 

"And you were gomg to be kind 
enough to provide me. with a wife, were 
you?" — Lester spoke - a little coldly — ■ 
"And who, pray, may she be?" 

"Oh, we wouldn't pick out anybody 
for you that wasn't all right.'' 

"Thank you.'^ answered Lester with a 
touch of sarcasm. "I am a little fastid- 
ious, I confess. Indeed, I doubt whether 
I could accept any selection made for 
me bv another — especially after ha\~ing 
chosen for myself. \\Iy views of mar- 
riage are such — " he hesitated. 

The girl looked blank for a moment ; 
then, with a quick intuition of her sex in 
such matters, she said quickly : 

"Oh, I see. \\'ell, you know it isn't 
as if you were an affectionate couple." 
Lester glared at her resentfully. 'Tn 
the play. I mean," she added hastily. 
"You see. she does nothing but scold 
vou : so nobody can think any harm. 
You needn't have the least fear it would 
make Miss Hammond jealous." 

This was a daring speech, but it was 
not without weight with Lester. 

"That might remove some objections," 
he said dryly: "but just as a matter oi 
curiosity, who is she ?" 

"^Irs. \\'agner.'' This, by the way, 
was the first soprano in the church choir. 
"Maybe you've noticed that up-and-com- 
ing way of hers. She's a perfect lady, 
of course : but you feel that if she's 
wasn't, she'd be a perfect fury. We 
thought she'd act the scolding wife to 

"And who is my foster-daughter?" 

"Oh. didn't I tell vou? — Miss Robie 
herself. They say she looks perfectly 
swell in that part. First, siie's the sim- 
ple country maiden, with her hair iri 



Aiiiriis^t. 19<X). 

curls down her back, and a coquettish 
httle short-sleeved pink frock and white 
apron. Later, when she is going to save 
her foster-father by marrying the villain, 
she comes on in her white wedding gown, 
all pale and queenly. Then, in the last 
scene, she is the heiress in sweeping robes 
of crimson velvet. She must be simply 

"I've heard she has considerable tal- 

"But looks count for as much as any- 
thing on the stage. And Neil Gardner 
— ^the' true lover, you know, who rescues 
her from the villain — though he's a per- 
fect stick at acting, is so irresistibly hand- 
some. When they take hands in the last 
act and come close to the footlights, bow- 
ing to the audience, I know it will make 
a sensation. You know they are really 
engaged, don't you?" 

"I hadn't heard." 

"So vou see there isn't a thing that 
could ofifend a soul, .not one. Now, do 
say you'll take part." 

"I will read the play over first, and 
let you know^ in a day or two. Are you 
in a hurrv?" 

"Whv, we'd like to begin as soon as 
we can. The rehearsals are the most 
fun ! We're to meet at ]\Irs. Gardner's 
till we are readv to rehearse in the opera 
house. Mrs. Gardner is so lovely. I 
shouldn't be surprised if she gave us an 
elegant little lunch every time w^e met— 
fruit salad and cake and cocoa with 
whipped cream. You see, l^y the time we 
are through with the rehearsal, w^e are 
sure to be fairly savage with hunger." 

"How long is the play?"' 

"Oh, not more than two hours. But 
vou see, Neil and Miss Watson — she's 
to be the 'ladv of color' — and ]\Ir. Fer- 
guson — won't he be sublime as the vil- 
lain? — and two or three others,' can't 
come till after nine in the evening; and 
there are ahvays a lot of interruptions to 
a rehearsal, you know. We hoped we 
might get together, just to read the play 
over, to-morrow night. Could you let 
me know by to-morrow morning?" 

"I could telephone," reflected Lester 
aloud, "long distance." 

"Long distance?'' asked Jessie, amaz- 

But he was thinking of Lillys. Not 

even in jest would he take the part of 
another woman's husband without Lilly's 
consent. Aloud he said to Jessie : 

"I beg your pardon. I have a meeting 
to-night, but I think I can let you know, 
some time to-morrow morning." 

\Mien he called up Lillys by long dis- 
tance telephone, she was much amused by' 
his scruples. 

"It isn't that I object to the play," he 
explained, "or to taking part in it. My 
people don't seem to think it anything 
out of the way. But it shocks me to 
think of calling anothei woman wife,, 
even for an hour on the stage." 

Her laugh came muffled but mirthful 
across the wife. 

"Oh, if that's all, don't let it hinder 
vou a minute. You've been working alto- 
gether too hard lately. It's a shame that 
after all vour efforts, that literary society 
went to pieces. I'm appalled when I hear 
of your spending two hours a day in 
preparation for your Bible Study Club^ 
and an evening or two a week with your 
Knights of King Arthur, besides your 
sermonizing and prayer meetings and 
Sunday school class and all. I'm really 
afraid you'll be ill. I'm glad of any- 
thing that promises you a little recrea- 
tion. I think it's a delightful idea. I 
only wish I could take part in it, too. 
W^e gave a comic opera here, once, in 
which I had the star part, and I never en- 
joyed anything so much in my life. Nice 
of vou to tell me about it, dear. Good- 

Lester's sole difficultv removed, he in- 
formed Jessie Gaynor of his willingness 
to take part in the play ; and the next 
evening at nine, he was welcomed into 
a merry circle at Mrs. Gardner's. The 
large, handsome library of Lester's 
wealthiest parishioner was _placed entire- 
Iv at the disposal of the would-be actors, 
and the young men were re-arranging the 
heavv furniture under the direction of 
the girls. 

"This big rubber plant needs careful 
handling. I don't trust you, Tom Wat- 
ers ; you're altogether too careless. I'm 
going to ask the minister -to take it into- 
the dining room, if he doesn't mind. Is 
it too heavy for yo.u, Mr. Galbraith?" 

Pride compelled Lester to answer 

Aiij^nst, im<] 



politely, "Oh, not at all," while he shoved 
baek his cuffs and raised the heavy pot. 

''Now, I don't know but we shall need 
the whole bav window for the scene 
where the villain spies on the old couple. 
Would you mind taking out that shelf 
of plants ?'' 

Lester meeklv fell to work, staggering 
to and fro and trying to guard from 
accident trailing stems and outreaching 

It was half past nine when he sank 
exhausted into a Alorris chair, heartily 
wis)hing it were his bed. The reading 
of the play was yet to come. He checked 
a vawn and reflected that this was the 
recreation he was to find so beneficial. 

To all appearances, the young people 
found the rehearsals productive of much 
amusement. There were frequent scenes 
not down in the book, and at least one 
hopeful courtship progressed under cover 
of the play, to the great delight of the 
observers, whose sympathetic interest 
was quite unsuspected by the happy 

Each time of meeting, there were ani- 
mated, but usually good-tempered discus- 
sions about stage arrangements, which 
consumed much time. Nearly all of the 
amateur actors knew more about such 
things than the young minister, with his 
puritan trainmg; so he lounged about in 
corners and snatched "forty winks, ' 
while all about him was a babel of laugh- 
ter and chatter. 

Lester had always kept early hours, 
and these midnight revels, thrqe evenings 
in the week, told on his strength. The 
flesh he had gained early in the winter 
had been worn off, and he had an exas- 
perating cold, which would not yield to 
treatment. He never felt rested. The 
old ladies of his flock entertained him 
when he called with such remarks as : 

"Land sakes, Mr. Galbraith, how bad- 
vou look! You need a spring medicine. 
Now, let me tell you what my husband's 
cousin used to take, reg'lar, in the spring 
of the vear." 

Sophie Weldon, who had the part of 
heroine's confidante in the play, had an- 
noyed the other performers by her fre- 
quent absences from rehearsals. The 
others were all students or toilers in 
other vocations ; Sophie had only her 

home duties. To be sure, her mother 
was an invalid, but Sophie had declared 
in the beginning that this fact need not 
interfere with her taking part in the play. 
The truth was, that to her indolent 
nature, frequent rehearsals were a drudg- 
ery, and she was ready to embrace the 
smallest excuse to escape them. Hef 
remissness had not escaped reprimand^ 
and once she wns sharply taken to task 
bv Miss Robie before the whole com* 

The next day, Lester took from the 
postofiice a large, dark-blue envelope, ad* 
dressed in a dashing hand with white ink 
and elaborately sealed with bright yellav/ 
wax. The contents were as follows : 
"Rev. Lester Galbraith, 

"Dear Sir — I wish to tell you that I 
cannot act in that play after the way I 
have been treated, and I will thank you 
to inform the others of my resignation^ 
I took the part merely to oblige, and 
never exipected to be used the way I have^ 
I must say, I never saw such ingrati* 
tude ! I wouldn't of thought a minister 
of the Gospel would sit by and stand up 
for such actions ! I don't know what ther 
think I am, if they expect me to submit 
to it. I will show them they can't look 
to have everything their own way. 

"Respectfully, '■ 

"Sophie Weldon.** 

Half amused, half dismayed, Lester 
took this alarming communication to 
Miss Robie. Only ten days remained 
before the public perfonnance of the 
pipy. To his astonishment, instead of 
being paralyzed with despair, 3^Iiss Robie 
concluded her reading of the note with 
a nod of satisfaction. 

"Capital !'' she said briskly. "Sophie 
never did any good when she was here. 
She resented the least suggestion and 
never improved a particle. I never want- 
ed Sophie for that part or any other. 
This leaves me free to put in Edith 
Halsted, who will learn the part in two 
davs and outshine all the rest of us at 
her first rehearsal. She is a natural bora 
actress, and Em only sorry she wasn't 
here when the parts were first givea 

The change was made, and at the next 
rehearsal appeared Edith, only half fam- 
iliar with her part, but wholly wide- 



August, 1906. 

awake and enthusiastic. Her first words 
showed plainly that the change had been 
an improvement. 

To comphcate matters. Sophia came 
also. She had not expected to be taken at 
her word. In her egotism, she had not 
thought it possible to fill her place at 
lliat late date. Her purpose had been to 
T:iake the whole company uncomfortable 
in return for what she considered their 
"unkindness to her, and then, after enjoy- 
ing her triumph, to yield condescendingly 
to their entreaties that she should resume 
her part. When she found her place 
filled and herself ignored, ' her chagrin 
was without bounds. 

She came toward Lester with a child- 
ish whine. "I didn't think you'd trea^ 
me so. ]Mr. Galbraith. I always thought 
3c u was a gentleman." 

'That will do. You have brought all 
this on vourself, and there is nothing 
more to be said." 

Sophie put her lace-edged handker- 
chief to her eyes and began to sob. 

''I'm sure. ^liss Weldon, you dor.'t 
Vvant to make a scene. You will gain, 
nothing by it. You would far better go 

"Mr. Galbraith," came a call from the 
stage, "you're wanted for the nexc 

Lester turned awav. Sophie stood a 
moment irresolute; then, realizing that 
to remain would only add to her humilia- 
i;on, she left the hall, completely crushed. 
The last rehearsal was atrocious— hs 
last rehearsals always are. Everybody 
v,-as exhausted and said his lines in a 
low, spiritless mumble. Nobody remem- 
bered his cues, and several of the strong- 
ei-t dramatic effects were ruined by^ the 
fact that the actors were also oblIg.\^ 
to do duty as scene-shifters. 

The guitar and mandolin club, which 
was to have furnished music between 
the acts, refused to play on the plea of 
insufficient practice. The aged and tune- 
less piano in the opera house, seemed 
hopeless, even as a last resort. ^ Lester 
left the amateur actresses debating hvs- 
terically what should be done, and made 
his way home to a late supper. 

On the way, he warned all the friends 
he met. to stay away from the perfo nu- 
ance that night, lest they witness his 

humiliation. Naturally, they took this 
advice as a subtle jest; and when he re- 
turned to the opera house at eight o'clock 
he found it filling rapidly. Half an hour 
later, it was impossible to obtain even 
standing room. 

Ever after, the events of that evening 
seemed to Lester Galbraith like a dream 
— ^the frantic excitement and confusion in 
the dressing rooms before the play be- 
gan, and the ever-increasing splendor of 
the triumph that followed the raising of 
the curtain. The villain had never been 
so blood-curdling in his villainy, the 
heroine never so irresistibly charming, 
nor the two ''people of color" — Caucas- , 
ians both by birth — so delightfully amus- 
ing. The most sanguine expectations of 
actors and audience were completely, 
eclipsed. To quote the press reports, 
'The curtain went down upon the last 
scene amid a perfect frenzy of applause." 

The friends of the performers flocked 
CO the stage with eager congratulations. 
Lester's success was attested. by the ad- 
miring words, 'T never supposed you 
liad it in vou, ^Ir. Galbraith. I don't 
know but vou are a better actor than 
preacher," Then, as he looked not alto- 
gether pleased — ^"Of course. I don't mean 
that, really ; but you sure did fine." 

Out-of-town visitors urged a repeti- 
tion of the performance in their own 
towns. The enthusiastic crowd upon the 
stage threatened to become a mob, not 
less alarming because wholly friendly. 
.Lester was seeking an avenue of escape 
from the confusion, when suddenly he 
stook motionless, almost breathless. His 
whole face and bearing altered. He was 
like one transfigured by a heavenly vis- 
ion. The shrieking, cackling, gesticulat- 
ing crowd vanished from his sight. He 
saw Lillys ascending the steps leading 
to the stage. 

How superbly she carried herself! 
How magnificent she looked in her black 
velvet picture hat and the fur collarette 
he had given her at Christmas ! Recover- 
ing himself, he sprang forward and fer- 
vently grasped the hand she extended in 
congratulation. How different was the 
Aear music of her voice from the din of 
the surrounding voices ! 

"How ill and old vou looked !" she 

Aiiirust. lOCd 



said. "I suppose it is your make-up. 
And how siiabby you are ! That scold- 
ing- wife of yours kept her tongue sharp- 
er than her needle, apparently. You did 
beautifully, but I couldn't help wishing 
you had had a better dressed part. I 
know it's absurd, Kathleen" — turning to 
]\Iiss Robie. who stood beside her — "but 
when I've once seen a man in ragged 
clothes, I tind it hard to think well of him 
again. That doesn't apply to you, 
though," slie murmured in a fascinating 
aside to her fiance : "you know I judge 
you by a wholly different standard." 

At once Lillys took, literally, though 
unconsciously, the center of the stage. A 
double interest attached to her, as the 
betrothed of the young minister and as 
a beautv of a pronounced and unusual 
type. I\Iiss Robie was an old friend and 
schoolmate, and she thought it an added 
laurel in the crown of her histrionic suc- 
cess to have the privilege of making 
knoAvn to an eagerly admiring circle, 
this radiant young creature. Lester fell 
into the background, emerging only to 
second the proposal that Lillys join the 
company at the supper which was to fol- 
low the play. 

Lillys graciously accepted the invita- 
tion. Lester watched her, dumb with 
proud delight. She outshone herself in 
ease and readiness of manner. A con- 
stant stream of repartee flowed from her 
lips, yet she never once lost her air of 
highbred distinction. How clinnsy were 
the witticisms on which Ferguson prided 
himself, beside her facile sprightliness ! 
The banquet, with its toasts and merri- 
ment, seemed expressly arranged as an 
ovation in her honor. 

At half past eleven, she drew forth her 
dainty enameled watch with a pretty 
apology, and then rose from the table 
with a sweeping courtesy. 

''Permit me to leave you, kind people, 
and to thank vou for the delightful time 
you have given me. I came over from 
Conwav with some friends this evening, 
and we go back on the eleven-forty train. 
Farewell !'' 

Lester, who watched her every breath, 
had hurried into his overcoat while she 
spoke and was waiting for her at the 
door. It was but a step to the station. 
but Lillys seemed possessed of a nervous 

haste. All the buoyant gaiety of the past 
hour was gone. They walked side by 
side in silence. AMien they reached the 
station, Lillys declined to enter, but pac- 
ed the platform restlessly, complaining 
impatiently of the non-appearance of her 
friends. Lester followed -her in dumb, 
dog-like devotion. 

Just as the train whistled, a gav partv 
hurried up out of the darkness, exclaim- 
ing, "Miss Hammond, are vou here? 
Good !" 

Thev claimed and surrounded Lillys, 
whose spirits seemed to rally at their ap- 
proach, while Lester "was thrust — or so 
lie felt with a dull pang of jealousy — 
into the dark and cheerless background. 
Determined not to be robbed of the fare- 
well that was his right, he stepped up 
beside her as she set her foot on the low- 
est car-step. She turned to him with a 
hasty "Good-by." Their lips touched 
almost mechanically. Then she was swept 
away from him among the throng that 
pressed into the car. Lester stood below 
in the darkness peering into the bril- 
liantl\- lighted window. Once he fancied 
that Lillys saw him and waved her hand, 
but the train was alreadv in motion and 
he could not be sure. 

He turned awav with a strange chill 
at his heart. Something seemed to tell 
him that he should never see Lillys 

(To be continued. "I 


A Turkey=Shoot and a Dance. 

Max, la., Feb. 10. 1902. 

Dear Editor — Rising Star Homestead is In 
a healthy, thrifty condition. V>'e held a tur- 
key shoot and a dance which put us on a 
good financial footing. By the way. we see 
in the Shield that it makes some deputiee 
tired to see Homesteads close their charters^ 

Well, perhaps we did that very act, but 
circumstances alter cases. Better let the 
deputy go and keep peace in the family than 
break up the Homestead. 

W. H. SPEXCE. Cor. 

Good financial agencies like a turkey 
shoot ought to promote healthy, thrifty 
conditions. Dancing must be healtliful, 
too, if continued far enough into the 
morning, and practiced with sufficient re- 
duction of clothing. For healthy financial 
conditions at least, commend us to the 
turkev shoot. 



August, 1906. 

Mtm of ®ur Work, 


Dear Fathers, Brothers and Friends — 
i was ridino- on the Northwestern rail- 
way vesterdav and sat down by the. side 
of one of my former students. He is 
now a brakeman of that road. The sight 
of his brotherhood badge led to a con- 
versation respecting that organization. 
He said that it w^as like all the lodges ; 
that it had its initiation, its prayers, etc., 
etc. I asked him what good it did him. 
He said, "If it were not for the brother- 
hood, the brakemen on the Northwestern 
now" would not get more than fifty dol- 
lars a month." I asked him what he was 
now receiving. He said fiftv-six dol- 
lars. ''And how much does your union 
cost you?" I asked. "A dollar and a 
half a month." ''Well," I replied, ''if 
you get $6 per month more because of 
your union and pay $i8 a year to belong 
to it, you then clear just fifty-four dollars 
per year by your membership. For that, 
you have to take the oath, and be subject 
to the orders of your union. If they 
order you out, out you must go. If they 
require you to pay dues to support other 
people who are out, you must do that. 
But if you must have a union, why should 
this union print prayers and put them 
into the hands of men who are often not 
Christians and thus establish a kind of a 
religious organization." 

I was talking, not long since, with the 
president of a large corporation. His 
corporation is capitalized _at eleven mil- 
lions of dollars. He told me that in the 
mills of his company there had never 
been unions until a few years ago. There 
was, how'Cver, the usual contingent of 
walking delegates hovering about his 
men and trying to produce dissatisfaction 
and organization, and the othe'r things 
which follow, so that the walking dele- 

gates could be cared for. Finally, he 
said, they prevailed. His men thought 
they had better have a union, so they 
organized. He then said to them, *'Now, 
gentlemen, you are union men. We have 
worked together for years and have had 
no trouble, but for some reason you 
have chosen to have a union. Of course, 
as union men, you expect to be dealt with 
as union men. The union scale under 
wdiich you work is not so high as ours. 
We W'ill adjust your wages and pay you 
on that scale." They shook their heads 
at this ; they had not known or had not 
thought that their wages would be cut 
down to the scale. After the experience 
of a year or two and the usual nagging 
on the part of officials, the men said 
to him, "See here, we are not so well off 
as we used to be. We get less wages 
and we have to support the union." 
"Well," said he, "you chose the union 
method of work. If you prefer the meth- 
od of nian and man. that is what I think 
is better, too." The unions in those mills 
w^ere abandoned, the wages were put at 
the old figure, and there has been no 
organization since. This president is 
himself a Christian man. Of course if 
he had been grinding the faces of his 
employes the case would have been quite 
difTerent. But he was doing fairly by 
them and the only result of the union 
organization was to give them something 
to support, to make them the victims of 
every ill-considered strike, and to gen- 
erally demoralize their work. 

Some of you wdll remember that a 
secret society has recently been organiz- 
ed called the "Knights of King Arthur." 
It is a secret society for boys and is cal- 
culated to prepare them for the older, 
larger and w^orse organizations of the 
secret society class. We are sorry to 
say that the old First Church in Oberlin, 
of which Rev. Bradshaw is now pastor, 
is one of the homes for this lodge of 

An?n>t. 190/1 



boys. A recent meeting of the lodge or 
"castle,"' as it is called, in that church, 
is reported to have been of the uproarious 
t\"pe of college secret societies. There 
has come to my hands a circular issued 
bv this lodge, which is quite characteris- 
tic of secret societies. On the first page, 
for example. W. Byron Forbush. who 
calls himself "Mage Merlin'' and found- 
er of the order, says, "Let our great and 
ancient order lead, not follow. Let us be 
truly what we say we are. a chivalrous 
kingdom of knightl}'-hearteJ men in the 
great republic.'' Passing by the bragga- 
docio, which is characteristic of all secret 
societies, teaching boys to call themselves 
"a chivalrous kingdom of knightly-heart- 
ed men," stop on the word "ancient.'' 
This organization is perhaps eight or ten 
vears old. I would not dispute if one 
should affirm it to be twenty ; certainly 
it is a modern thing. Yet it calls itself 
a great and an ancient order, or at least 
its ]\Iage Merlin calls it so. At the top 
of this page he writes "Year 
CCCCLXXXM of the order." Of 
course, he knows and all intelligent peo- 
ple who read know that that is simply 
a bit of lying. He is going to make 
Christian knights, make "chivalrous and 
knightly men'' by teaching boys to lie 
about the age of their society. He wants 
them to lead a crusade for honor, etc., 
etc. It is safe to say that there is not 
a leading trait in any one of the old 
lodges which is not fully developed in 
this young one. 

Reading on in the circular, we find 
these words. "There are. villages all over 
the land in which the K. O. K. A. has 
wrought a complete transformation ; 
driven out impurity and profanitv. and 
all evils, bringmg in their place right- 
eousness and nobility." \\'e venture the 
assertion that this statement is without 
the shadow of truth. If the representa- 
tives of this lodge will name one such 

village, our society will make a careful 
investigation and publish the facts to all 
the world. 

After these statements, the ^lage Mer» 
lin and the King go on to exhort their 
members. They want the boys to send 
t\vent\"-five cents so as to get a list of all 
the Castles or to send a dollar. They 
will include the name of only those 
castles that report to them. Then they 
want an exhibit of the K. O. K. A. print- 
ed matter. "Pictures, photographs of 
paraphernalia, robes, thrones, anything 
that \our Castle has made, owns, or 
possesses, please send them as promptly 
as possible." Then they want to know 
what the bovs have been doing to im» 
prove the ritue/s or initiation. What con- 
ditions are required to advance to the 
rank of "Esquire"; what reading courses 
are suggested, etc., etc.. and finally under 
the head "X. B." Castles on the Pacific 
coast are told where they may order 
badges, blanks, and all kinds of supplies 
from the baron of California. Rev. W. E. 

This is important simply as showing 
how churches and ministers and those 
who have heretofore been opposed to all 
such devil's contrivances for destroying" 
the souls of men. are now at work on 
the bovs. I wish that our readers who 
have preserved their files would all rea«j 
again the purpose of Good Templarisni 
as stated hx their lecturer. 

We are greatl}' interested in a letter 
from Mr. Josiah W. Leeds, of PhiladeK 
phia, which is published in "The Friend," 
an organ of "The Friends." It was 
printed about the middle of last month. 
Mr. Leeds comments on the alleged state- 
ment of President Roosevelt that if Pas- 
tor Charles Wagner, author of "The 
Simple Life." were not a Mason, he 
onglit to be. Pastor Wagner, replying 
to Mr. Leeds respecting this matter, say.*? 
that he does not belong to any secret 



Aiiji-iist, 1906. 

iraternity, and does not expect to. That 
in France they were quite objectionable 
to liim. It is not strange that Pastor 
Wagner or any other Christian man 
should feel in this way. It is strange 
that so intelligent and so worthy a man 
as our honored President could feel dif- 
ferently. The probability is, however, 
that President Roosevelt never saw a 
Masonic initiation in his life. It is seri- 
ously -to be questioned if he knows what 
the obligations are. . He went into the 
order when men were glad to get him, 
and the probability is that he was never 
initiated at all. The same state of fact 
A^ery likely obtains respecting our Vice 
President. Lodges are so glad to get 
prominent men that they take them in 
on any terms. I have known a rich man 
to be escorted into an Odd Fellows' 
lodge with all his clothing on, his eyes 
imbandaged, no chains about him at all, 
and there to be asked if he would keep 
secret Avhat he should see in the order. He 
said "Yes," went and sat down, and that 
was all that was asked of him. 

Charles Sumner and Theodore Tilton 
were admitted into a student fra.ternity 
in the same manner. Mr. Tilton told me 
this at his house in Brooklyn, in 1870. I 
have known two Masonic lodges to ac- 
cept members who could never have 
passed through the ritual. One because 
he was a man of wealth and standing in 
the community, the other because he was 
a good political wire worker. 

These facts are mentioned simply to 
show how probable it is that President 
Roosevelt and Vice-President Fairbanks 
have never personally known anything 
about the ritual of Freemasonry, as such 
men do not go into lodges. They are, at 
least President Roosevelt is, a man who 
loves his family, and takes care of it. 
The lodge devotee who runs about 
nights, leaving his wife and child at 
home, knows all about the ritual. Such 

men as President Roosevelt if they are 
in the lodges are. pretty sure to be 
ignorant of their real character. Such 
men do not ordinarily get into them at 

In connection with this letter from 
Mr. Leeds is published a communication 
from H. Merle D'Aubigne, dated 'Taris, 
March 29, 1906." D'Aubigne is the son 
of the great D'Aubigne, author of ''The 
History of the Reformation in Germany, 
Switzerland," etc. Meeting Mr. Leeds 
in Philadelphia in 1904, the subject of 
Freemasonry came up, and in 1906, as 
stated above, Dr. D'Aubigne wrote Mr. 
Leeds a letter from which the following 
sentences are extracts : 

'T well remember," he says, "the con- 
versation we had about Freemasonry, 
and I thoroughly sympathize with your 
concern about the enormous extension of 
secret societies in the United States. I 
was greatly struck by this fact, and con- 
'sider that it does not forebode good to 
the couhtrv. What I said about Geneva 
was that it had been found that the 
Freemasons were practically governing 
the city, and that, owing to their influ- 
ence, it was impossible in many cases 
to obtain justice before the courts." This 
shows that Freemasonry works in Europe 
just as it does in this country; it en- 
courages men to commit crime in the 
hope of immunity. When men become 
criminals it stands by and protects them 
until the order will lose more by doing 
so than by giving them up. Then it w^ll 
cease to protect them. D'Aubigne says 
further : "The greater number of French 
Freemasons do not believe in the great 
Architect of the Universe. I do not sup- 
pose that any Christian people in France 
belong to the order. I have been in con- 
tact with some men who are supposed 
to be Masons and worked with them in 
favor of temperance and morality. My 
father-in-law, who was, till the age of 

An.ijust-, lOCH). 



fortv-five, a free-thinking- Catholic, was a 
Mason till he was converted to the 
evangelical faith, but left the order then." 
I remember well to have asked a g-reat 
German preacher at the Evangelical Al- 
liance in 1873, what effect Masonry had 
on Christianity in Germany. He replied, 
"It has no effect. All the Masons are 
atheists." As a piece of testimony this 
remark was important. It showed what 
was his understanding- of the religious 
character of Freemasons in his country. 
In philosophy, of course, it was weak, for 
certainly an organization which is com- 
posed of atheists has very decided rela- 
tions to the Christian church in the coun- 
try where it exists. 

I was last Sabbath preaching in a 
beautiful little town in Northern Illinois. 
The occasion was a township meeting- 
of the Sunday Schools. The report of 
the Secretary was very disheartening. 
One Sunday School had been disbanded 
in the town durino^ the year; no new 
Sunday Schools had been organized, and 
the enrollment of the remaining Sunday 
wSchools had not been increased. The 
last annual meeting was very poorly at- 
tended ; the collection was very small, 
the society was not able to pay its debts, 
and there was no outlook for better 
things. Meanwhile, in that town, lodges, 
especially for women, have been flourish- 
ing. A house to house canvass is now 
being carried on by lodges in this vicin- 
ity and every man and woman who is 
not opposed to these organizations is be- 
ing drawn into them. This is, in one 
view, disheartening, but in another, it is 
encouraging. Satan does not have great 
wrath until he knows that he has but a 
short time. 

I visited another beautiful little town 
where for many vears there was a coun- 
try church. A railroad at last passed 
through the town and brought with it the 
class of persons who make up secret so- 

cieties. Already in that little village they 
have organized the Woodmen, the 
"Knights of the Globe," the "Eminent 
Ladies," and I think the "Royal Neigh- 
bors," though of the latter I am not sure. 
Of course the membership is yet small. 
They have not made large inroads upon 
the churches, but they are working and 
the churches will be destroyed if they 
do not speak out and warn men. 

Spenser, in his "Faerie Queene," 
makes Lady Una say to her knight when 
the Dragon approached, 

"Now prove yourself, my knight, show 

what ye be ; 
And mind, thou strangle her, or eJse 

she'll strangle thee." 

If I could speak this word into t^ 
thousands of churches which are novf 
being undermined, rivalled and supplant- 
ed b\' lodges, I would do so. The only- 
hope for the church as an organization 
is that she arouse from her slumbers. It 
is now high time to awake out of sleep. 
I was talking with a wealthy man yes- 
terday respecting funds for superannuat- 
ed clergymen. He said that the secretary 
who had desired him to take hold of that 
work and raise money for superannuated 
clerg}-men, told him that the small num- 
ber of men going into the ministry was 
attributable in part to the fear of young 
men that if they should enter the minis- 
try, they would be left in their old age 
without means of livelihood. He thought 
that if thev could be assured of a reason- 
able support during life and a pension in 
old age, they would be willing to enter 
upon the woik. It is sad to see men who 
seem to be good men" and who are pro- 
fessedlv interested in (iod's work, iniur- 
ing- His cause by such appeals as this. 
There is not a word in the Bible to jus- 
tifv such a line of argument. The only 
rule for increasing the supply of minis- 
ters which we have in the Bible is: "Pray 



August, 1906. 

ye the Lord of the Harvest that He will 
send forth workers into His harvest." 

1 am net saying a word against a de- 
cent provision for the old age of minis- 
ters, but I would protest with all my 
power against an attempt to bring young- 
men into the ministry with the hope that 
they should be pensioned after a longer 
or shorter service in it. I do not be- 
lieve such an argument would give to us 
one earnest. Christian worker. What we 
need to-day is not so much more minis- 
ters, as better ministers, real preachers 
of the Gospel. If we had them, we could 
get on, but the church cannot grow w^ith- 
ont preachers, and preachers are divinely 
called and equipped. The plan of mak- 
ing every preacher an authority on so- 
ciology and the like, has worked out 
nothing but evil so far. I do not know 
of one preacher of that kind who has 
done anything but run down his church. 
It IS heart-breaking to visit churches 
which tv/entv-five years ago were strong 
and vigorous, and which now are barely 
living, creeping about in a world which 
they have ceased to influence. Our sem- 
inaries are in part undoubtedly respon- 
sible for this state of things. They teach 
iiien about music and about philosophy 
and about criticism, but they do not teach 
men in an earnest, efficient way to preach 
the Gospel ; yet this is the only way men 
have ever been converted, or churches 
have ever been built up. 

The lodge idea that God will not care 
for men and that therefore men must 
care for themselves is at the root of this 
difficulty. God is everything or nothing. 
, He is able to take care of His servants 
and will do so, or men ought not to be 
asked to serve Him ; and while we ought 
to bear one another's burdens, and to 
care for and comfort the aged, the in- 
firm, the sick and the needy, we ought 
never to try to get men into the 'ministry 
by assuring them that if they go, they 

will thereafter be cared for by men. I 
think I will sometime give a whole let- 
ter to the cHscussion of the insurance 
movement as connected with the lodge 
system. If God permit, that may per- 
haps come soon. 

With best regards and wishing for you 
all every blessing in Christ Jesus, I am, 
Sincerely yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 


Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, New Jersey, 

Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska to Be 


"The Wheaton," East Northfield, 
Mass., July 1 8, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure — Once more I am per- 
mitted to address you from this beauti- 
ful, historic place. 

The assemblage of the multitudes 
comes with the seasons, as usual. Just 
now, Missions are the center of thought. 
The educational classes and addresses 
are all along this line. Many are here 
'who have spent or are expecting to 
spend, jthe most of life in carrying, the 
"good new^s" to those in great need. The 
reformer can not fail to receive inspira- 
tion in conference with those who "count 
not their lives dear" for the love they 
bear the blessed Christ. 

During the month passed I have held 
meetings each Sabbath. Meetings in the 
Friends and Christian Reformed 
churches of Cleveland, Ohio, were large- 
Iv attended. There were many inquiries 
indicative of an awakening interest. Re- 
ports were made of friends saved from 
lodge entanglement by previous ad- 
dresses. Evidently there will be an open 
door for a convention at Cleveland when 
I can give it attention. 

A series of lectures to follow the 
Michigan State convention was outlined 
for the Reformed Presbyterian, United 
Presbvterian, Lutheran and other 
churches at Birmingham, Detroit and 
vicinity. These will come (D. V.) from 
the 20th to the last of September. Lec- 
tures in the western part of the State, 
to precede the State gathering at ^Mus- 
kegon, Sept. 17th and i8th, are par-- 
tiallv arranged. 

Aii^^'iist, 10(10. 



Several of the eastern Ohio towns 
were visited and something- done in with- 
.standint^ the destructive influences of 
the lodges everywhere manifest. 

The 8th of July was spent with friends 
at York,..Pa.. Two addresses were given 
in the United Presbyterian church. This 
church is but four, years old, but has a 
membership of seventy-five, with an in- 
creasing^ circle of adherents. The happy 
united efiforts of pastor and people can- 
not fail, though the field is difficult and 
there is much that is trying. There were 
several additions to Cynosure workers. 

At Lancaster, Pa., I found much to 
encourage. Several meetings will likely 
be arranged for this section in connec- 
tion with the Pennsylvania State Con- 
vention, which goes to Elizabethtown 
next March. 

A tent meeting conducted by German 
Baptist Brethren in the outskirts of Lan- 
caster, Pa., is helping many who gather 
there from night to night to receive the 
messages. A short talk to the children 
was my part of the service attended. God 
bless these little ones. How hungry they 
seemed for religious food ! 

It has been three years since I last 
addressed our Schwenkfelder friends of 
the Worcester, Pa., district. The wel- 
come here was most cordial and many 
expressions told of interest in the speaker 
and the cause he represented. 

My daughter Ruth is here in North- 
field with me to share for a few days 
in the many blessings here found. 

I plan to give the month of August 
largely to the visitation of Lutheran 
Synods meeting in Kansas, Nebraska, 
Iowa and Ohio. This, of course, means 
much of travel and work. Friends in 
these States wishing help can correspond 
with me through the Cynosure office, at 
221 West Madison street, Chicago, 111. 
The month of September is pledged to 
IMichigan work and October to Iowa 
and Indiana. Let us begin to look for- 
ward and plan for the Iowa State Con- 
vention that is expected to gather in 
Pella late in October. The Indiana Con- 
vention at Berne should follow closely. 
The New Jersey Convention is planned 
for November at Jersey City. 

A letter comes from our good friend 

and co-worker. Rev. E. R. Dodd, of 
Forksville, Pa., with an urgent request 
for work there. It reads: "When can 
we look for you among us? We had a 
good, strong vote at our quarterly Board 
meeting, inviting you to come." I shall, 
of course, seek to help these friends at 
the first opportunity. 

Shall we not expect much in the days 
to come from the God who leads us for- 
ward to glorious victorv? 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Sunday evenmg, July 8th, I delivered 
a lecture against secrecy in the Norwe- 
gian Lutheran church in Jackson, ]\Iinn. 
It was announced in the paper that it 
would be given in English, so that the 
lodge defenders might put in an appear- 
ance, but none appeared. The church 
was full of attentive listeners, many of 
whom were lodge members. At the close, 
opportunity was given to ask questions 
and also to dispute any statements made. 
All were silent. 

It is often asked : 'Ts it not time and 
energy wasted to work against the 
lodge?" After all had left the church, 
and as I was starting towards my lodg- 
ing place, I was followed by a young 
man, who wished to speak with me. He 
told me that he had lately joined two 
lodges. He also stated that he had 
never heard a lecture against se- 
cret societies before. Also that his 
wife was against them and had punched 
him in the ribs whenever a point was 
made in the lecture in her favor. He was 
afraid of the effect of withdrawing, up- 
on his business, etc. I told him to with- 
draw, and have a clear conscience and a 
contented and happy wife, and trust to 
God for his business, and I- believe he 
will do so. Fraternally yours. 

(Rev.) S. A. Scarvie. 
Decorah. Iowa. 

To feel that you are brother to hu- 
manity is greater than to have inherited 
a fortune. 

The soul that aspires to help men is 
the soul that should be entrusted to lead 
"^en. , , _ ^^^^ 



Aiirast. 1906. 

Any one who would degrade his broth- 
er is a fit companion for those whom he 
would degrade. Birds of a feather 
showld be made to tiock together. 

Report to Deny Recognition to Secret So- 
cieties in High Schools. 

(Adopted June 22. lltU4.) 

. The Committee on School iManage- 
ment reports that it is in receipt of the 
following report from the Superintend- 
ent of Schools (E. G. Cooley), and rec- 
ommends concurrence therein : 

"The Superintendent of Schools re- 
spectfully reports that in accordance 
with the action of the Board of Educa- 
tion taken at its last meeting, he has 
considered the matter of secret societies 
in the high schools and respectfully rec- 
ommends that the principals and teach- 
ers of the high schools be instructed to 
deny to any secret societies which may 
exist in their schools, all public recogni- 
tion, including the privilege of meet- 
ing in the school buildings ; that such or- 
ganizations be forbidden to use the 
school name ; that no student who is 
known to be a member of a fraternity or 
sorority or other so-called 'secret' so- 
ciety, be permitted to represent . the 
school in any literary or athletic con- 
test, or in any other public capacity, and 
that the attention of parents of the pu- 
pils who are to attend the public high 
schools be called to the fact that the 
Board of Education, the Superintend- 
ent of Schools and the principals and 
teachers of the hig'li schools unanimously 
condemn all such secret societies." 

Report from 15 Principals and 348 Teach=" 
ers on Fraternities and Secret Socie= 
ties in the High Schools of Chicago. 

The Committee on School ]\Ianage- 
ment submits the appended communica- 
tion from the principals and teachers of 
the high schools of Chicago, with a rec- 
ommendation that this petition be print- 
ed in the minutes of the Board of Edu- 
cation and in the School Board Bulle- 
tin and given to the daily press of the 
City of Chicago for publication. 

This petition represents practically 
the unanimous opinion of the principals 
and teachers of the Chicago high 

schools, as the principals of all fifteen 
Jugh schools and three hviidred and 
forty-eight high school teachers have 
attached their names. 

Chicago. Tune, 1904. 
Mr. E. G. Cooley, Superintendent of 

Schools, Chicago, III. : 

Dear Sir — We the principals and 
teachers of the Chicago high schools, de- 
sire to express to you, and through you 
to the patrons of the schools, our dis- 
approval of high school fraternities and 
sororities. We believe these organiza- 
tions are undemocratic in their nature, 
demoralizing in their tendencies and sub- 
versive of good citizenship : that they 
tend to divert their members from schol- 
arly pursuits and to put the so-called in- 
terests of the organization above those 
of the school. 

The effect of secret societies is to di- 
vide the school into cliques, to destroy 
unity and harmony of action and senti- 
ment, and to render it more difficult to 
sustain the helpful relations which 
should exist between pupils and teach- 

Since the public school is an institu- 
tion supported by public tax, all classes 
without distinction of wealth or social 
standing, are entitled to an equal share 
in its benefits. Anything that divides 
the school community militates against 
this liberalizing influence that has made 
one people out of a. multitude. 

These organizations multiply the so- 
cial functions, which demand too large 
a share of time and attention from school 
work. They offer temptations to imi- 
tate the amusements and relaxations of 
adult life, while their members have not 
acquired the power of guiding their ac- 
tions by mature judgment. During the 
impressionable years of youth, school 
and home should unite their powerful 
influences to prevent the formation of 
habits that retard healthy moral, intel- 
lectual, and physical growth. It is un- 
questionably true that the full co-opera- 
tion of these agencies is hindered by 
the influence of these societies. 

In addition to this,- our experience 
shows that the scholarly attainments of 
the majority of students belonging to 
these secret societies are far below the 
avera2:e, and we have reason to believe 

Aiign«^t, 190G. 


that this is due to the influence of such 

In view of these facts, we feel thaf 
secret societies in the high schools ought 
to be discouraged by all reasonable 
means. : :.]'■• 

— ^Cliica.go Board of Education Bill letli;i»; Oct. 
17, 1904. 


Harrison, Ark., Feb. i6, 1906. 
A. J. Millard, Little Rock, Ark. : 

By the arrival of the Baptist Flag yes- 
terday, I am reminded that I owe you 
an apology for not acknowledging re- 
ceipt of your kind letter and a previous 
copy of the B. F. 

I have read your^article, ''Can Chris- 
tians be Freemasons ?" very carefully, 
and it struck me at the time, that you 
ought to have said at once, "No, they 
cannot," and to have gone on at once 
to show what it is to 'be' a Christian and 
what it is to be a Freemason, Your arti- 
cle, however, leaves, the question unan- 

I know that it is rather a difficult mat- 
ter for one who has never been a Mason, 
or who has never deeply studied the sub- 
ject of Masonic philosophy and symbol- 
ism, to speak or write intelligently or 
accurately on the subject of Freema- 
sonry, and hence I have never paid much 
attention to what outsiders had to say 
about the Masonic system. A man who 
is a Baptist, or Methodist, or Presbyter- 
ian, or a member of any other sect, can 
be a Freemason; but. a Christian cannot. 
A Jew, a Turk, a Chinese can be a 
]\lason ; but a Christian cannot, w'i.thout 
A'iolating his conscience as well as, the 
express command of God, have any affil- 
iation with Jews, Turks and Chinese 
around the so-called altar of a Masonic 
lodge. Jesus, the son of David, the son 
of Abraham, and declared to be the Son 
of God with power by the resurrection, 
(Matt. i. I. Rom. i. 4), is the Christ, 
the Jewish Messiah, but when He came 
in the flesh and presented Flimself to the 
Jewish nation, he was ignominiously re- 
jected, crucified and slain, and they ac- 
cepted a murderer, Barabbas, in His 
stead. "He came to His own, and his 
own received him not." They did not 

and they do not yet believe that Christ — 
the Messiah — has come in the flesh. 

The Turks, Chinese and other heathen 
nations, among whom it is claimed by 
Masonic historians, that Masonry flour- 
ishes, have no place whatever for the 
Lord Jesus, and neither have the ma- 
jority of lodge members, even in this 
country; and how then can a Christian 
"solemnly swear" endless affiliation in a 
so-called secret religious philosophy with 
any such people ? hnpossible ! 

A Christian may be ensnared into one 
of these alleged secret societies — espe- 
cially Freemasonry^ — but when he finds 
out what it is — ^its buffoon initiations, its 
oaths and death penalties, and the sort of 
people he has sworn blindly to support 
— he very soon repudiates his illegal, so- 
called oath and leaves the lodge forever. 

Read n. John 7 : "Many deceivers are 
entered into the world, who confess not 
that Jesus ChHst is come in the flesh. 
This is a deceiver and an antichrist.'' 
This applies to Jews in an especial man- 
ner. They not only refuse with scorn to 
believe that Jesus of Nazareth is their 
Messiah, the Christ, but they actually as- 
sert — that is, the majority of them — that 
Jesus was merely the bastard son of 
Mary. Can a Christian, one of Christ's 
own, have any lodge affiliation with men 
holding such impious views regarding 
Him Whose they are and Whom they 
serve — their risen and glorified Lord ? 
Surely not. 

Now read H. John lo-ii: "If there 
come any unto you and bring not this 
doctrine" — that Christ has come in the 
flesh — "receive him not into your house, 
neither bid him Godspeed. For he that 
biddeth him Godspeed is partaker of his 
evil deeds." Hence then, under no pos- 
sible circumstances can one of CJirist's 
own clasp hands with one of Christ's 
rejectors and slanderers in a Masonic 
lodge, or anywhere else. 

There are many excellent good men 
in the Masonic institution, and there are 
many, very many — in fact the majority 
— low, mean, contemptible, self-seeking 
men. Neither the one class nor the 
other makes any pretension to Christian- 
ity, because as they declare, the religion 
of iMasonry is good enough for them; 



August, 190<1 

and Ijefore this mongTcl set, the minister 
of the oQspel presents himself, neither 
naked nor clad, neither barefoot nor 
shod, blindfolded and with a blue rope 
around his neck, and confesses that he 
has been "a long- time in darkness but 
now comes ' to that Christ-rejecting and 
God-dishonoring- company assembled in 
the Masonic lodge-room, seeking for 
light "and asking for a withdrawal of 
the A^eil which conceals divine truth from 
his uninitiated sight.'' 

Now the preacher who does this, is 
lying either in the pulpit or at the lodge- 
room door. In the pulpit he declares that 
he is "born again," "a child of God," en- 
lightened by the Holy Spirit, but at the 
lodge-room door he openly declares that 
he has been a long time in darkness and 
now comes to that motley crowd as- 
sembled behind closed doors, seeking the 
true enlightenment. 

Can such a man be a Christian? Per- 
haps he can: let us wait and see. He 
attends lodge meetings from time to time, 
he hears different prayers repeated, lie 
witnesses different ceremonies perform- 
ed, but in neither prayer nor ceremony 
can the name of the Lord Jesus be men- 
tioned ; but he still remains a member of 
the lodge, with no apparent difference be- 
tween himself and other members. 

Can anv one truly say that such a one 
is a Christian? or rather, speaking from 
the Bible stand.point, would not he be 
reckoned as the minister of Satan, but 
transformed as the minister of righteous- 
ness? (H. Cor. xi. 13-15.) 

Edmond Ronavne. 


Christ said to Peter, "Follow thou 
me'' ; but to the converted demoniac he 
said, "Go back to thy friends.'' Some- 
times we need a call to stay at home as 
well as a call to go. 

Life's achievements result more often 
from wise planning than from artful 

The one enemy that can destroy you 
is vourself. 

Last winter, when the high school fra- 
ternities were figuring in current news, 
the Springfield Republican said edi- 
torially : 

"The question of the funny little secret 
societies in high schools is being taken 
up with real energy in some of the West- 
ern cities. Following the example of 
Chicago, the Cleveland school authorities 
have decided to discourage them among 
the high school pupils in the future. If 
the Cleveland authorities avoid the mis- 
takes made in Chicago, in attempting to 
exterminate the fraternities with a sledge 
hammer, they may accomplish something. 
There are natural difficulties inseparable 
from drastic treatment, because out of 
school hours the public officials have no 
power over pupils, and the actual dis- 
crimination in school affairs against pu- 
pils who are secret society members, 
which was unsuccessfully tried in Chica- 
go, may involve troubles in the courts. 
The right to discriminate in this manner 
was not upheld by a Chicago judge in a 
test case. The proper line of attack 
should* not involve a "big cure for a 
small evil." Both Superintendents Cool- 
ey of Chicago and Moulton of Cleveland 
are sound in their general opposition to 
such immature Greek letter societies, and 
they will probably do all that can be rea- 
sonably done in throwing the moral in- 
fluence of the school authorities and the 
teachers against the ridiculous little 
"frats." Parents could help greatly in 
checking the evil, and they might lend 
their influence the more quickly and de* 
cisively if they were well informed as te 
the injurious physical effects upon theif 
children at school of the excessive sociai 
life which the multiplication of the se- 
cret societies involves. The Greek letter 
fraternities are not in the least necessary 
in high schools, and they may create un- 
desirable social distinctions and help to 
educate young snobs. If they could be 
laughed out of existence, it would be ait 
excellent thing." 

To become something is better than to 
get something. 

More strength is lost in worry than in 
meeting the difficulties when they ar- 

standard Works 

Secret Societies 


national CDristiatt Jlssociation 

221 W. Madison St.. Chicago, 1!'^ 


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orders for books C. O. D. the cost Is double 
what It Is to hare them sent Registered or 
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Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
The accuracy of these expositions attested by 

affidavits of Jacob O. Doesourg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 
A complete expositon .1 the Blue Lodge and 
guapter consisting of f * en degrees. Profusely 

Scotch Rite Hasonry Illustrated. 

2vols. Per vol., c]'^« , $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entiro 
Scottish Rite, comprsing all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
Vd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. U comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
ajcJusiye, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass* 
words iron) 1%* to ^3id ^^gree incHisive^ 

Hand-Book of Freemasonry, 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty 
"wo degree Masons 

Knight TemplarisM Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
4 full illustrated rit-a) of the six deere( 

Revised Odd-fellowship Illustra^ 

ted. Cloth, $[.00: paper cover, 5octs. 

The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
ly illustrated, and guaranteed to be strictly ac- 
curate; with a sketch of origin, history and char- 
acter of the order, over one hundred foot-note 
quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree by ex-President J . Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the "Charge 
Books" furnished by the Sovereign Grand Lodire. 

Revised Rebekah Ritual (Illus- 

Revised and Anaended Official "Ritual for 
Rebekah Lodges, published by the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge L O. O. F.," with the Unwrlt- 
ten (secret) work added and the official 
"Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 
and Installation of Officers of Rebekah 
Lodees." 25 cents: dozen, $2.00. 

Secret Societies Illustrated. 

Over 250 cuts, 99 pages, paper cover, 
2$c. each. 

Containing the signs, grips, passwords, em- 
blems, etc., of Freemasonry (Blue Lodge, and to 
the fourteenth d-'^ree of the York rite). Adoptive 
Mafe«„,», Revised Odd-fellowship, Good Templar- 
Isra, the Temple of Honor, the United Sons of In- 
dustry, Knights of Pythias and the Grange, with 
affidavits, etc. 

Exposition of the Granj^e. 25c. 

Edited by Rev. A. W. Geeslin. Illustrated with 

The Foresters Illustrated. Paper. 

cover 25c. each, $2.00 per dozen. 
The Complete illustrated Ritual of the Forest- 
v^rs. with Installation Ceremonies. 

riodern Woodmen of America (Il- 

Complete Revised Official Ritual of the 
Beneficiary and Fraternal Degrees, with Un- 
written or Secret Work, Installation, 
Funeral Ceremonies, Odes and Hymns. 25 

Revised Knights of Pythias, Illus- 
trated. Cloth, 50c: paper cover 2[;c. 

An exact copy of the new official Ritual Adopted 
by the Supreme Lod,9:e of the world, with the Se- 
cret work added an^. fully Illustrated. 

Knights of the flaccabees (Illus- 

Complete Illustrated Rltnal of Order, with 
Unwritten Work. 25 cents. 

Red rien Illustrated. In cloth 50c. 

each, $2.00 per dozen postpaid. 

The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Im- 
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Chief's Degree, with the Odes. etc. 

Warrior's Degree, 

Masonry Illustrated. 

%o Council and Commandery 

tne six degrees 0' 

tion Degree, Hunter's Degree, 


20c. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
deerrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe. 

The A. O. U. W. loc. Each. 

'The Secret Ceremonies. Prayers, Songs, etc. of 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen has been 
taken from the columns of the Christian Cynosure 
and published in pamphlet foim. While not 
strictly accurate it is substantially tri>e and is 
vouched for by Mr. S. A. Scarvie, of Hamlin, 
Minn., a very excellent Christian gentleman, and a 
seceder for conscience sake from this order. 


2S1 W. Ifadison Street, CHICAGO, ILLb 

mmm collcoe 


THIS school, as most of the Cynosure readers know, 
stands for character training- first of all. It seeks to 
raise up brave, earnest Christian men and women who shall 
favor all that is good and oppose all that is evil, and do both 
openly. Do you wish your children to be such men and 


on beautiful grounds are the home of the College. The 
location is healthful, quiet in the country yet near Chicago 
so that lectures, concerts, museums, laboratories and other 
advantages can be secured if desired. 


are legalized in Wheaton. No one is solicited to evil by its 
open and lawful existence. Men are encouraged to go right. 


furnish an excellent preparation for professional study and 
business life. 


furnish a good foundation for work as missionaries for the 
American Sunday School Union, etc. 

Homes in Wheaton for parents who wish to be with 
their children while studying. 


Charles A. Blanchard 


September, 1826 

'The bane of our civil institutions is to 
be found in Masonr}-, already powerful, 
and dail}- becoming more so. '^'- * * I 
owe to my country an exposure of its 
dangers. " — Capf. William Morgan. 

"1 now look back through an interval 
of fifty-six years with a conscious sense 
of having been governed through the 
'Antimasonic excitement' by a sincere 
desire, first, to vindicate the violated laws 
of my country, and next, to arrest the 
great power and dangerous influences of 
'secret societies.' We labored under seri- 
ous disadvantages. The people were un- 
willing to believe that an institution so 
ancient, to which so many of our best 
and most distinguished men belonged, 
was capable of not only violating the laws 
but of sustaining and protecting offend- 
ing men of the order." 


Nczi' York City, Sept. 28, 1882. 



Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 


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such cases, if we are advised that a subscription is a 
present and not regularly authorized by the recipient, 
we will make a memorandum to discontinue at expiration, 
and to send no bill for the ensuing year. 



Monthly, $1.00 Per Year. Sample Copie; Free 

REV. W. A. McELPHATRICK, B. D., Associate 

(With corps of able contributors.) 

•'The Herald" is devoted to the subjects of 
Holiness, the Life of Faith, Study of Prophetic 
Truth, Brief Notice of World-Problems, the S. 
.S. Lessons, and Missionary Information. 

Each issue contains a sermon on some phase 
of Experimental or Expositional Truth. 

A series of articles now being published on 
•The Book of Revelation." 

A special department for Ministers on "Min- 
isterial and Homiletical Notes." 


3 Months 10c; 6 Months 25c; 1 Year 50c 

Send us list of names for sample copies. 

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Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 

This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
atter and women relatives are elig-ible. 


221 West Madiso?! St., Chicago, 111. 


Michigan State Convention 129 

Jamestown Exposition to Be Closed on 

Sundays 130 

One Hundred Seventy -sThree Years of 

Worli 130 

Masonic History Pure Nonsense 130 

"Blessed Are the Bure in Heart" 131 

San Francisco Labor Unions 132 

A Union Advocate of Arbitration 132 

San Francisco Earthquake Echo 1-32 

President's Letter 133 

Biography of Rev. Samuel F. Porter. .. .136 

The "Free Press" 137 

The M. E. Church and Masonry 137 

They Refused to Answer — Masonry vs. 

Christianity 138 

Experience of a Seceder. .% 139 

Testimony Bearing 140 

Great iMen Had Some Time Joined 141 

Characteristic Masonic Rhodomontade 

About Washington 141 

Aiding Enforcement of Civil Rights .... 142 

Subway Method 143 

A New Ally of Home and Church 144 

:Catholic Sepret Order — Knights of Co- 
lumbus 145 

More Khights 145 

News of Our Work 146 

Four Synods Visited by Secretary Stod- 
dard 146 

From Our Mail 148 

Our Antiquity — ^The Masonic Fraternity . 149 

Interesting ,Masoni'c Confession. 150 

Freemasons Immottal 152 

German Laws Against ^Strikers . ... .153 

Organized Labor Boycotting a Revival . . 153 

A Few Pertinent Questions 154 

Charity ( ?y Enforced by Law 154 

Why Assessments Increase 155 

A Twentieth Century Minister. By Susan 

Fidelite Hinman 156 

A Masonic Edict 160 






221 West Madison Street, Chicago 

Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, III., as 
second class matter 





This annual conference is to be held 
this year in Muskegon, Mich., beginning 
Monday afternoon, September 17th, and 
continuing through Tuesday, the i8th. 
The first day's sessions wiil be held in 
the Fourth Christian Reformed Church, 
Rev. John W. Brink, pastor. 

W'q hope that many from the State 
will be present. Rev. H. A. Day, of 
Grand Rapids, writes that he will be there. 
Letters to the same intent have been re- 
ceived from several others. Entertain- 
ment will be provided, but it is the re- 
quest of Rev. J. W. Brink, 155 Terrace 
street, ]\Iuskegon, Mich., that those in- 
tending to come advise him early, so 
that arrangements for their entertain- 
ment may be perfected. 

Among the speakers will be Rev. IM. C. 
Eddy, of Hastings, Mich.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, of Washington, D. C. ; Rev. 
E. Breen, of Chicago, and we hope to 
hear Rev. J. I. Fles, of Ixluskegon, the 
Xestor of the Christian RefonPiCd 
churches of that section. 

Some of the music will be furnished by 
a small orchestra of the city where we 
meet,' some by a male quartette, and the 
music for the last session of the confer- 
ence will be furnished by the choir of the 
Allen street church. 

A full report may be expected in the 
October number of the Cvnosure. 

Many of our readers may remember 
a man who at one time was very efficient 
as a lecturer— M. N. Butler, of Albany, 
Mo. It seems that he died some months 
ago, though the Cynosure has just learn- 
ed of the fact. He has a sister laboring: 
very successtully as a missionary in 

To check the political ambitions of 
the labor union leaders, the National 
Citizens' Industrial Association is sub- 
mitting to political candidates through- 
out the country two questions : 

"Have you pledged your support to 
the labor trust or to any other trust, or- 
ganization, or corporation seeking special 
legislation ?'' 

"\\'ill you or will you not represent 
the citizens as a whole and seek to pro- 
tect them from class legislation, whether 
by organized capital or organized labor 
when such legislation is in the interests 
of the few to give power over the 

The plan provides that the names of 
candidates who stand for labor or cap- 
ital trusts shall be supplied to the dif- 
ferent citizens' associations now organ- 
ized in over 500 towns and cities in or- 
der that citizens of all parties, who are 
opposed to class legislation and organ- 
ized trust methods, of seeking to control 
legislation, can vote for anti-trust candi- 
dates at the coming elections. 

The citizens propose to support public 
men of either party who stand free from 
pledges to any organization. They re- 
fer to the effort of the labor leaders to 
secure the passage of an anti-injunction 
bill, as a direct step towards anarchy and 
an effort to take away the power of the 
courts and transfer it to the labor trust 
or a capital trust, whichever might 
choose to revenge itself on workingmen. 
To strip the courts of power to restrain 
organizations from attacking men or 
property would place citizens and com.- 
munities in jeopardy from any orgrjniza- 
tion either of labor or capital which 
might choose to use violence. Labor in 
its proposed attacks upon other work- 
men and property; capital if it should 



September, 1900. 

see lit to hire men to attack union work- 


This movement of citizens is based 
upon the theory of government that the 
community must protect its members 
from control of the people by any organ- 
ization, class or trust. 

A Chicago capitalist, K. O. Knudson, 
is under indictment for the murder of his 
wife by poisoning. The following item 
from the Chicago American of July 21 
is significant: 

"Knudson is a member of three secret 
societies and the members of the lodges 
to which he belongs are emphatic in their 
expressions of belief in his innocence." 

To Be Closed on Sundays. 

The Jamestown Exposition, to be held 
next year on the shores of Hampton 
Roads near Norfolk, Va., will not be 
open on Sundays. This important ques- 
tion was definitely settled nearly a year 
before the date of opening, which is 
April 26, 1907. This removes a prob- 
lem which has caused much vexation in 
connection with several former exposi- 

The decision to close the gates of the 
exposition on Sunday was reached by 
the board of governors at a meeting held 
the 15th of last May, the board upon that 
occasion recommending to the directors 
that the gates be closed during Sundays. 
At a meeting of the board on the 28th 
of May a committee reported a resolu- 
tion expressing the views of the board 
on the subject of Sunday closing, and 
this resolution, which was adopted, rec- 
ommended the closing of the exposition 
on Sundays. It was resolved ''that this 
action is the result of careful thought 
and consideration for every interest in- 
volved," etc. Thus it will be seen that 
the exposition management itself favored 
Sunday closing, and the signing of an 
agreement between the officials and the 
secretary of the treasury, during the last 
week in July, clinching the Sunday clos- 
ing agreement as a condition to the ap- 
propriation of government funds for the 
exposition, was merely formal. 



By Charles Q. Finney. 

The above book has been abbreviated 
and arranged by E. E. Shelhamer, of At- 
lanta, Ga. This is a valuable booklet, and 
will be sent postpaid for 25 cents by the 
publisher named. In his preface, the 
publisher says : 

''Charles G. Finney was undoubtedly 
one of the greatest preachers and soul- 
savers since the days of St. Paul. His 
'Revival Lectures' were published in 1868 
and his 'Lectures to Professing Chris- 
tians' in 1878. Both of these volumes are 
so large and expensive that but few in« 
this day would spare the time or money 
to read them, valuable as they are. 

"For this reason we have abbreviated 
and put into cheap form some of his best 
lectures and productions. Some of the 
matter herein is very rare, as it cannot be 
found in any of his works. Praying that 
this little volume may awaken sinners and 
arouse professed Christians as in his day, 
we send it forth in Christ's name." 


If we may credit so much of an article 
in the Boston Globe of June 19, the first 
provincial grand lodge of Masons in 
America was established in Boston 173 
years ago. For how long has- the in- 
stitution thus been doing its pernicious 
work ! This year, while Boston was cele- 
brating the anniversary of the battle of 
Bunker Hill, the first meeting of the Gen- 
eral Grand Council of Royal and Select 
Masters of the United States to be held 
in Boston opened in Tremont Temple. 
What a glaring discrepancy ! 


It is refreshing when now and then 
some Masonic speaker or writer breaks 
out with a plain statement of Masonic 
fact which shines like a sudden ray of 
light piercing through a rift in cloud 
or fog. An informing and substantial 
article, reprinted in a Masonic publica- 
tion, The American Tyler, which calls 
much of what goes as regular Masonic 
history pure nonsense, is headed : "Our 
Antiquity." It is to be found in this 
number and will repay reading. 

September, 1906. 




MATT. V, 8." 

A New York official, Mr. Anthony Gom- 
stock, seized under authority of law certain 
publications of an art school. He was actu- 
ated by the complaint of a parent whose pure 
children were being polluted by the foul pic- 
tures of nude men in the pamphlets issued. 
Instead of being commended he is subjected 
to satire and abuse by some idealists, artists, 
art dealers and art students w^ho see their 
craft to be in danger, as the shrine makers 
for Diana raised uproar against St. Paul at 
Ephesus, saying in "Acts xix, 25, 27, ^Sirs, ye 
know by this craft we have our wealth * ♦ 
* so that this our craft is in danger to (be 
set at nought." 

This action has been taken under laws that 
every civilization has found necessary for 
self-preservation from degeneracy, decay, dis- 
ease and death. "The statutes of the Lord 
are right (Ps. xix, 8)." Not right from ar- 
'bitra,ry motive or decree, but from the neces- 
sity of created things. Right because founded 
on the principles underlying our human na- 
ture. Every law of chastity and of modesty 
is essential to the perpetuity in health of the 
human race. Every violation of such laws is 
race suicide. 

When man fell from primeval innocence. 
Gen. iii, 7, "the eyes of them both were open- 
ed and they knew that they were naked." 
This consciousness of nakedness remains ever 
present in mankind. It is not obliterated by 
familiarity with the nude. Theorists cannot 
accustom their children to immodest art so as 
to render them immune. There is nothing 
noble but much that is hazardous in school 
teachers leading mixed classes of children 
through art museums where the nude 
aibounds. The Savior said in Matthew xviii, 
6, 7, "Whoso shall cause one of these little 
ones which believe on me to stumble, it is 
profitable for him that a great millstone 
should be hanged about his neck, and that he 
should be sunk in the depth of the sea." 

The finer the art the more accurately does 
it reproduce nature and idealism. The high- 
est form of art does not draw attention to 
itself but to that which it reveals, as though 
it said, "behold what I reveal." This being 
an accepted principle, it follows that the 
nude when under the touch of art will pow- 
erfully reveal forbidden nakedness — naked- 
ness that God covered. Gen. iii, 21. And these 
impressions on the plastic minds of youth 
become fixed mental images for vileness of 

thought and subtleness of temptation. "Woe 
unto the world because of occasions of stum- 
bling. . .woe to that man through whom the 
occasion cometh." Sermon on the Mount 

"To the pure all things are pure," is ap- 
pealed to in defense of the nude. But a pure 
mind instinctively shrinks from the nude. 
To use this proverb in justification of the 
nude is as weak as to assert that to the hon- 
est man all things are honest 

What would Christ have said of modern 
advertising by the worst specimens selected 
from museums that preserve the depths of 
shame of the dark ages? Would He have ap- 
proved the drawing of these by unmarried 
girls in art schools? Christ taught that "ev- 
eryone that looketh on a woman," under cer- 
tain conditions, is impure in heart. Matt, v, 
28 ; what then would He say of the coming 
together of the pure and the impure of both 
sexes to look upon absolute nakedness— 50,000 
persons every three months in one art mu- 
seum? Do none of these sin in thought? 

Let the defenders of the nude claim immu- 
nity from its effects, they cannot prove their 
assertions by either reason, the conscience of 
mankind, or history. The centuries never 
produced a moral community where the nude 
was popular. Greece and Italy tried it and 
failed. France has been trying it and her 
death rate exceeds the birth rate. And if 
American art resorts to the nude (which is 
the cheapest because most shocking way of 
advertising) to revive public interest in art 
and art museums, will not the fate that has 
befallen Latin nations be our inevitable pun- 
ishment? "Whatsoever a man (or nation) 
soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that 
soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap 
corruption. Gal. vi, 7, 8." 

Artists, art schools, and museums in the 
fine arts stand for high ideals and can best 
aid in making America a strong, healthy 
nation by restricting their advertising and ex- 
hibits within lines of decency. If in their 
line they shock public modesty they should 
expect to be restrained by the arm of law 
equally wdth merchants, corporations and 
trusts when they in their line shock public 
integrity. Eben Bumstead. 

Boston, Mass., Aug. 16, 1906. 

He who will not help free his city 
from the grip of iniquity is no friend of 
his city or his race. 



September. 1906. 


The Square Deal for August speaks of 
the general rejoicing among patriotic 
people all over the land v/hen the Brick- 
layers' Union passed resolutions which 
appeared to guarantee the stricken city 
merciful and even fair American treat- 
ment, so far as one secret society was 
concerned. But it says that "a close 
reading of the resolutions showed that 
the union only pledged itself to a policy 
of non-interference with such non-union 
men as might inspect chimneys and re- 
port the result to the union, in order that 
the union workmen might secure the job 
of repairing them." This is a severe 
criticism and the charge which follows 
it is also severe. 

For the same article adds that "the 
most recent advices show all the build- 
ing-trades unions are taking every possi- 
ble advantage of the situation in the 
prostrate city, charging the highest 
wages, driving non-union men away 
from work, giving the shortest possible 
number of hours for a day's pay, and 
even going so far as to forbid the use 
of bricks and stone from the wrecked 
buildings to aid in the reconstruction of 
the city." 

Miscreants who showed the same loot- 
ing spirit when the city was burning 
were treated as outlaws. By stepping 
into their place the unions may help the 
cause of American freedom, through cre- 
ating such intensity of disgust and just 
indignation as will necessarily be power- 
ful in securing reform. 


Mr. William C. Connor of New York 
and Washington, delivered an address in 
the tenth annual convention of the Inter- 
national Brotherhood of Bookbinders, of 
which he was chairman, and is quoted by 
the press as saying that : ''Men who be- 
lieve in strike riots and exhibitions of 
brutaHty disgrace a great and progres- 
sive community. All conservative labor 
men positively believe in practical arbi- 
tration. All honest labor men believe 
in upholding the constitution. It could 
not be doubted that all industrial classes 
are loyal to the interests of the country 

that gives them liberty and sustenance. 
If organized labor wants success it must 
select men who are honest and well bal- 
anced mentally." 

It is encouraging to find the chairman 
of such a convention speaking to a labor 
union in such a tone, and the fact that 
the meeting listened is also encouraging, 
for it gives hope that he spoke for his 
hearers as well as to them. The last 
sentence quoted from the chanman of 
the convention is perhaps emphasized in 
effect by the remark attributed to the 
president of the Federation of Labor in 
the same convention, whom the press 
dispatches report as having "reminded 
the delegates of the right of organized 
labor to request Congress to pass laws 
which will benefit them, and he said that 
the request had gone forth, but that if 
it was not answered in better tones the 
request will be changed into a demand." 
This last clause somehow connects rather 
no rurally with the last one of the other 
quotation. Mental balance such as labor 
needs in its leaders seems not indicated 
by talk about the right of petition which 
threatens that unless Congress responds 
to please petitioners, petition, which is 
an American citizen's constitutional 
right, will be followed by a demand. 
This may not have been the speaker's 
own meaning, but it sounds like a threat 
to repjace petition with dictation. What- 
ever Mr. Gompers may have said or 
meant, this press report makes more re- 
freshing the words : "If organized labor 
wants success, it must select men who 
are well balanced." 


At North Adams, Mass., Mason and 
Briggs' orchestra volunteered its services 
to play at a benefit for the San Francisco 
sufferers, but was forbidden to do so by 
the Musicians' Union. A religious pa- 
per in Boston pronounced this action in- 

A heart that is filled with contentment 
is seldom the source of resentment. 

A wise man has this virtue over his 
neighbor, he knows what should be done 

September, 1906. 





Dear Fathers and Brethren — -I am 
writino- this month's letter from East 
Northfield. This conference is known to 
all of you as the mother and model of 
conferences. It is one of the blessings of 
oiir time that so many of these summer 
assemblies for the study of God's Word 
aie beino" held. I think it is not in- 
vidious to say that the Northfield con- 
ferences are distinguished above all 
others for two things : first, absolute 
fidelity to the Word of God ; and, sec- 
ond, the absence of all spectacular feat- 
ures. At Northfield you will not hear 
apologies for the Word nor attempted 
defenses. It is simply explained and ap- 
plied, and the Chautauqua element has 
made no inroads, for which we are de- 
•\'Ocitly grateful. Not that there is any 
objection to the Chautauqua. It has its 
place, and we must be thankful for It 
also, but it is a great thing to keep sep- 
c'.rate things separate. The need of the 
world to-dav is not instruction in secu- 
lar matters. Above all, the need is not 
for amusement. The world always loves 
its own. Commercial interest and the 
rage for pleasure will take care of 
themselves ; but in this time, when ambi- 
tion, greed for gain and desire for trifling 
amusements are perhaps the dominant 
forces in the world, there is distinct need 
for places which are separated from diese 
three master-passions, like the one of 
which we speak. 

I came up last Monday. New York 
was a Turkish bath. Twenty people died 
from heat that day. Men crept along in 
the shade of the great buildings and 
ever}^ one who could get out of town, 
Vv^ent. We reached Northfield about ten 
o'clock. The cool breezes were blowing 
across the hills, and the wonderful land- 

scape lay bathed in the soft shining of 
an August moon. Crowds of people 
were coming at that hour, and they were 
preceded and followed by other crowds. 
Thousands have already come and other 
thousands will yet be here. It is a good 
place to be. 

1 spent the Sabbath at Eatontown in 
New Jersey, being there the guest of 
Mr. Stephen Higginson, an old Wheaton 
student. He has been for many years a 
resident of New Jersey, is an honored 
teacher, has been elder of a reformed 
church, and is now clerk of the board of 
trustees of Shrewsbury Presbyterian 
Church. This is one of the old churches 
of New Jersey. Its charter given by 
George the III., hangs in the church at 
Freehold, but a fac-slmile is in the vesti- 
bule of the Shrewsbury Church. This 
charter eoes back to 1735. What a won- 
derful history we have recorded since ! 

I found here in Eatontown, as ever\-- 
where else, that the ''trail of the serpent 
is over them all." The assistant post- 
master of Redbank, the principal town of 
this region, got to robbing the mails. He 
kept it up for several years, appropriat- 
ing in the aggregate a large sum of 
monev. He was arrested, bailed out and 
at the day appointed appeared for trial. 
Two physicians of Redbank, both of them 
Freemasons, members of the same lodge 
with the postmaster, swore that in their 
judgment the postmaster was unsound 
in mind. As he had entered a plea of 
guilty, the court pronounced sentence, 
but as he was declared unsound in mind 
bv the medical witnesses, sentence was 
sus [tended and he was set free. In the 
Scjne region, but in another city, a cer- 
tain physician was accused of poisoning 
iiis wife. The grand jury, after hear- 
ini^- the evidence, indicted him for the al- 
leged crime. The justice who charged 
that jury said, "Gentlemen of the jury, 



September, 1906. 

do not allow your lodge affiliations to in- 
terfere with your duty as grand jur}'men 
in the finding of indictments." Why did 
this justice make this suggestion to the 
grand jury, if, as we are so often told, 
i\Iasonrv never interferes with the action 
of cur courts? The fact is, that all 
secret societies tend to corrupt our judi- 
cial administration, and in multitudes of 
-nstances the administration of justice 
fails, because of secret understandings 
between lodge men on the judge's bench, 
in the jury box, in the sheriff's office or 
on the witness stand. A man who was 
applying for license to sell whisky, when 
asked for evidences of good moral char- 
acter said: 'T do not see why a man 
needs a good moral character to sell 
whisky." An ordinarily intelligent child 
can see that secret societies are not need- 
ed by honest men, but may be very 
helpful to rogues. 

Some years ago I was visiting the 
Treasury Department in Washington. 
Coming to the Department of Secret 
Service, I asked the chief if he was con- 
nected with secret societies. "Well," he 
said. 'T used to be a Freemason." I 
said, ''Wh}^ did you leave the Masonic 
lodge?" He replied, ''When I came to 
hunt down counterfeiters they were all 
the time appealing to me under Masonic 
si.o^ns and I notified my lodge that I 
should have to be excused from my Ma- 
sonic obligations while I was in this posi- 
tion." Allan Pinkerton, founder of the 
great detective bureau which bears his 
name, had exactly the same experience. 
Tie hunted a scoundrel through Texas 
and after catching- him was denounced 
because he wouldn't let a brother Mason 
go free. He told my father that that 
settled Masonry for him. 

1 found while at Eatontown a copy of 
the Long- Branch Record. The .whole 
first page is given to the history of 
AVashington Lodge, No. 9, of Eatontown. 

Long Branch is but a little distance away. 
Ihis article was intensely interesting as 
showing how the Masonic institutions are 
Dlanted and preserved. The lodge met 
for years in private houses. The mem- 
bership was extremely small. One or two 
men by their determined perseverance 
kej)t it up. The record shows also what 
the character of these men was. In a 
general way it says that they were re- 
uiarkable men in the community, benevo- 
lent, intelligent and respectable. At the 
same time, the article speaks of the' 
drunkenness which was characteristic of 
certain lodge men and which gave force 
to the anti-Masonic movement in New 
Jersey. This article also states that the 
Masons met often on Sabbath morning. 
Ihat on several occasions they conferred 
tlie degrees on the Sabbath, but adds, 
that they probably adjourned in time for 
church service, and that it is supposedly 
frue that after listening to the great 
moral precepts of Masonry, they were 
better fitted to appreciate the teachings 
of nispiration. 

Here at the Northfield conference I 
find the usual state of things. Many 
mQxi have been led by the Holy Spirit to 
keep free from all secret societies. An- 
other number have by the Holy 
Spirit been led out from lodges which 
they had joined. Another number 
aie vet in lodges, but are open-minded 
::i;d are evidently shortly to come out 
irom fellowship with these Godless in- 
stitutions. I find a small number who 
bel'jng to lodges, justify them, and de- 
clare their purpose to continue in them. 
I found two such brothers yesterday. 
One of them had joined the Freemasons, 
(Jddfellows and Heptasophs. The other 
was a member of the Freemasons, Odd- 
fellows and Foresters. Each of them 
justified his relations. Each of them de- 
clared that n. Cor. 6:14 had no refer- 
ence to lodgeism and that their con- 

September, 190(3. 



sciences were quite at rest. Of course 
they cannot stand in this position. They 
must come out from these affiHations or 
drift away from Christian faith. 

There is ^reat encouragement to sow 
seed in what one daily sees and hears. 
I can scarcely walk across the grounds 
without hearing from some one who has 
received a tract or heard an address in 
former years which had brought him out 
O! kept him out of the lodges. "There- 
fore, mv brethren, be ye steadfast, im.- 
movable, always abounding in the work 
of the Lord, inasmuch as ye know that 
\our labor is not in vain in the Lord." 

One of our college girls is away in 
the Rocky Mountains of Idaho. She is 
ihere bearing testimony to the truth, try- 
ing to win her minister from lodge affilia- 
tions. She says in a recent letter, speak- 
ing of her pastor: "He told me himself 
that they requested him to be present at 
the organization of a lodge and open the 
meeting with prayer. He said he did 
this, reserving the privilege of retiring 
when his part was over. Isn't that a 
mixture?" she says. ''He prayed for a 
meeting and invoked God's blessing on it, 
yet his conscience would not allow him 
to stay and get the blessing he prayed 
for, because the meeting ended in a dance. 
1 could not help smiling in his face." 

There were two other matters about 
which I intended to say a word, but this 
letter is already long, and I will speak 
of onlv one of them. In Zion News, a 
litrle Masonic paper, published in De- 
troit, there was recently printed an Ante- 
Room Talk, in which the following sen- 
tence occurs: ''The public has no right 
to know that any man is a Mason. He 
has a right to conceal the fact for busi- 
ness or other reasons or for no reason 
at all. It is one of the secrets of Free- 
masonry, that no one has a right to re- 
veal except himself." Of course, this is 
the ideal arrangement for any secret so- 

ciety. Let the lodgeman have means of 
secret communication with all his breth- 
ren ; let the outsiders be ignorant of his 
iclationship so that they will co-operate 
with him and neglect to protect them- 
sel\es. But like all the efforts of evil, 
this also must fail. The followers of 
Clirist will be in one company, the wor- 
shippers of Baal will be in another, and 
the universe will know each man for 
v/hal he actually is. God grant that in 
thctt dav each one who reads these lines 
may be "found in Christ, not having his 
own righteousness which is of the law, 
but the righteousness which is of God 
bv faith." 

Sincerely and fraternally yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 

P. S. — I should have spoken of the 
faithful testimony of Bro. Stoddard who 
labors here all through the conferences ; 
of meeting Bro. E. D. Bailey, who is 
also a faithful witness to the truth, and 
of the most remarkable addresses of Bro. 
Campbell Morgan and others, but space 
is limited and my mind weary. Still, I 
reioice m all the blessed w^ork and am 
sure that God will make up to you what 
tliiough human ignorance or weakness 
v'L omit. — C. A. B. 

Absolute sincerity is the basis of last- 
ing friendship. 

Luck is the gold mine which comes to 
the man who disfs. 

A star on your chart is good, a star 
in your crown is better. 

It is a wise ordering of providence 

that thought is invisible. 

Who thinks because the skies are fair 
that clouds will never rise? 

We may compliment our friend by 
withholding our opinion more than by 
expressing it. 



September, 1906. 


The oldest white man in OberUn, and 
a member of the first graduating class of 
the Oberlin Theological Seminary, is 
Reverend Samuel F. Porter, who was 
born af Whitestown, New York, Septem- 
ber 17, 1813. 

His grandparents on his father's side 
came from England. His parents were 
farmers in moderate circumstances and 
members of the Presbyterian church. At 
the age of eight years, he became a 
Christian and was received into the Pres- 
byterian church. 

His early education was in the public 
schools, but afterwards he went to 
Oneida Institute, which was a manual 
labor school, offering a collegiate course. 
This school had a large farm, which was 
worked by the students. On this farm 
Mr. Porter was one of the ''monitors." 

From this school he was duly gradu- 
ated, and from the first took rank with 
the earnest reformers in the temperance, 
anti-Masonic, and anti-slavery reforms. 
Early he felt a call to the Christian min- 
istry and determined to obtain a theo- 
logical education at Lane Seminary, Cin- 
cinnati, then under the presidency of Dr. 
Lyman Beecher, who was said to be 
father of more brains than any other man 
in America. To reach Cincinnati, Mr. 
Porter worked his way down the Alle- 
ghany River on a raft of pine logs, and 
by steamboat from Pittsburg as a deck 

His stay at Lane Seminary lasted two 
years. It was at this time that the great 
anti-slavery discussion among the stu- 
dents was at its height. So earnest and 
continuous was it, that it was asserted 
that it interfered with all systematic 
plans of study. It developed a class of 
anti-slavery lecturers (of whom Theo- 
dore Weld was the most conspicuous) 
who did much in preparing the way for 
the overthrow of the slave system. 

This discussion led to the adoption 
of an arbitrary rule by the trustees of 
the seminary that there should be no 
public consideration of this subject by 
the students. This called forth remon- 
strance and revolt. A large number of 
students left in a bod}' and came to 
Oberlin, which was then an infant in- 
stitution just planted in the forests of 

northern Ohio. It was, however, a very 
vigorous infant, and made room for the 
new accession by building a long shel- 
ter of slabs set endwise and roofed with 

Oberlin not only made room for the 
''rebels," as they were called, but for 
the reform principles which they brought 
with them, and henceforth Oberlin was 
conspicuous as a center of the anti-slav- 
ery and temperance reforms. Under the 
leadership of Mr. Finney, Christianity 
seemed to assume a new aspect. To be 
a Christian, it was taken for granted 
that one must of necessity oppose the, 
lodge, the dramshop and the slave power. 
This last reform took precedence of all 
others, and Oberlin was the first school 
to receive colored students. 

Mr. Porter was in full accord with 
the "rebels," though it was not until 1835 
that he came to Oberlin and entered the 
Theological Seminary, graduating in 

His first call was to Lodi, Medina 
County, Ohio, where he married a wife, 
a Miss Burr, and where he was ordained 
as a Congregational minister. During 
the early years of his ministry, he labor- 
ed a good deal in the anti-slavery and 
temperance reforms. Subsequently, he 
labored some years as w pastor in New 
Jersey and Illinois. 

His old age has been largely spent in 
home missionary work in North Dakota, 
and in visiting the educational institu- 
tions of the South and supplying them 
with the literature of the National Chris- 
tian Association. He his contributed 
much to the enlightenment of the youth, 
who are being ensnared by the lodge. 

Mr. Porter has a naturally large and 
vigorous frame. He is seldom ill, but 
feels the infirmities of old age. This 
does not prevent his regular attendance 
on religious services, and until recently 
he has preached when there was an open- 
ing. Together with some others, we 
trust the Lord will say to him, "Well 
done, good and faithful servant, enter 
thou into the joy of thy Lord." 

(Rev.) H;H. Hinman. 

Oberlin, Ohio, Aug. 6, 1906. 

If you would be happy find something 
to do. 

September, 1906. 





It is said in an early day a railroad 
was built across a western prairie that 
had long been the hunting ground of a 
tribe of red men. The Indians did not 
like the intrusion and held a council to 
decide how the iron horse might be de- 

A huge log was rolled across the track 
and some of the strongest and bravest 
were seated on it. The iron horse came 
rushing on as usual. The log went high 
in the air and with it the miscalculating 
Indians. We smile at the red men, but 
do not white men sometimes act as un- 
wisely as they? 

A great convention dealing with an 
important subject met not long ago in 
the city of Philadelphia. There were 
present at this meeting three or four 
hundred earnest, thoughtful Christian 
men and women. A program was pre- 
sented that had been carefully prepared 
by those competent to speak. The city 
press could not fail to recognize that this 
was no ordinary gathering. Did we find 
it giving the notice that might reason- 
ably be expected? Those who are ac- 
quainted with unregenerate nature and 
the ordinary city press manipulations, 
can best guess what the answer to this 
question would be. A slight notice was 
given of the first day's proceedings, but 
the second was almost entirely ''cut ofif." 
No more fittingly would what appeared 
in the Philadelphia daily papers represent 
our convention, than would a sand hill 
the Rocky Mountains. 

The editor of the paper giving the 
longest notice promised the writer that 
his representatives would be at the con- 
vention and that we should have a fair 
recognition. He evidently intended to do 
as promised. The reporters came and 
the first day's proceedings were in part 
given. The truth, however, being mixed 
with enough error to make it appear 
ridiculous. For instance, the report said 
that the writer stated that one going into 
the Mason's lodge must have on a "blouse 
and overalls." It is needless to say to 
those informed that the writer did not 
and would not make such a statement. 
The reporter who was present tlie second 

day copied the resolutions and appeared - 
to be much interested in securing infor- 
mation for his paper. Did these resolu- 
tions with a fair, honest report, come in 
the morning paper? Not a word. Evi- 
dently the editor on receiving what the 
reporter broug'ht saw it would not do for 
him to make light of the meeting to suit 
his readers on one side, and he did not 
dare publish the solid facts set forth in the 
resolutions for fear of the readers on the 
other side. Papers getting popular pat- 
ronage must be gotten out to suit popu- 
lar demands. It looks at times as if the 
New York editor was right when he said 
"There is no free press." 

But truth is truth, since God is God, 
and truth the day shall win. The engine 
may seem too small and the obstructions 
too large and too many, but omnipotent 
power is back of and in ever}' engme of 
truths and logs, Indians, newspapers and 
all other enemies are sure to be swept 

He who is on God's side is always sure 
of final triumph. Don't try to stop the 
engine bv sitting on the track. 

Is There Treason Against the King? 

About two months ago there occurred 
in an M. E. Church, not far from where 
the writer lives, the installation of offi- 
cers in a Masonic lodge. Soon after- 
wards the following letter was written 
to the pastor of that church, but no 
answer from him has yet come to hand : 

"Dear Brother : When I saw in the paper 
that the Masonic Order had used the M. E. 

Church at for the installation 

of officers, I had feelings of pain and won- 
der : pain, that a church dedicated to the 
worship of Christ should be lent for the offi- 
cial use of an order that repudiates His 
blessed name, and substitutes its own assump- 
tions for the gospel of salvation by faith !n 
Him alone ; wonder, that any minister or 
professed follower of Him should be blind to 
the incongruity of such an act. 

"This order claims to be a religion, with 
ritual and altar, sufficient to fit men for 
realms of glory, thereby deluding souls as 
to what constitutes salvation. In trying to 
win souls, I have often found men depending 
on their order for happiness beyond the 
grave. This false hope can arise and be sus- 
tained only iby ignoring the Bible truth of 


September, 1906. 

salvation through faith iu the blood of Christ 
as an atonement for sin, and by regeneration 
by the Holy Spirit, who is the sole Author 
of spiritual life in the Universe. 'Neither Is 
there salvation in any other ; for there is 
none other name under heaven given among 
men. whereby we must be saved.' (Acts 4:12.) 
And yet there is nothing of this in lodges. 
One looks in vain for that name in the Ma- 
sonic ritual, and yet unconverted, Christless 
men are buried with this mockery, and min- 
isters and church members join with the un- 
godly in proclaiming in this public manner 
that such men have gone to heaven ! I know 
not how this may seem to you, but to me it 
is treason to Glirist. And that means dis- 
honor to God the Father. For 'he that hon- 
oreth not the Son honoreth not the Father 
who hath sent Him.' (John 5:23.) Are 
not those who thus dishonor Christ and the 
Father incurring a heavy condemnation? 

"If you agree with me in this view, and 
if the desecration of God's house referred to 
was by the will of the trustees against your 
protest, you have my sympathy. May I beg 
you to read the enclosed tracts and to write 
me what you honestly think of the matter. 
"Sincerely yours," 

It is passing strange that people who 
profess to believe and teach the New 
Testament should have to be reminded 
of things so incompatible with the Chris- 
tian faith, as the foregoing transaction. 
Some churches seem to* be trying to 
effect concord between Christ and Belial 
(II. Cor. 6:14-18). 

I read in a leading church paper that 
in a new church building, in a certain 
town of this State, the different lodges of 
the town were induced to put in the 
stained glass windows, each window 
bearing the emblem of the order furnish- 
ing it. To a lover of Jesus entering that 
church and reflecting on the scene ex- 
hibited by those windows, the suggestion 
would come that Satan had been busy 
corrupting the minds of the pastor and 
official board "from the simphcity and 
the puritv that is toward Christ" (II. Cor. 

11:3 r/v.). 

How long will such things go on ? The 
Son of God shall yet purge His church 
i^f every semblance of Baalism and 
worldliness, as He did His Father's 
house of greed and fraud. Then woe to 
those who desecrate His church with 
irlolatrous symbols and compromise His 
honor for the sake of worldly favor and 

support! He will see to it that His heri- 
tage is no longer occupied with strange 
plants. "Every plant which my heavenly 
rather hath not planted shall be rooted 
up" (Matt. 15:13). 

(Rev.) Newton Wray, 

Shelbyville, Ind. 


Allegheny, Pa., Aug. 8, 1906. 
Dear Christian Cynosure: 

Can a man be a good Mason and a 
^rood Christian at the same time? 

1 have written to ten ministers of the 
gospel for an answer — eight of the num- 
ber are United Presbyterians — and not 
one of them has deigned to give me an 
aiiswer. The other two are Presby- 
terians, one of whom told me he knew 
nothing about the order. I have learned 
suice that he is as big a Mason as the 
compass, square and gavel can make him. 
The other is pastor of a congregation in- 
fested with secretism, and I suppose he 
is cowed into silence. All these good 
ci stodians of the oracles are purposely 
silent on a question that might involve 
the soul of the inquirer in everlasting 

I was bound to have an answer to my 
QLiestion, so I turned from these ten men 
of unwarranted fearfulness to the fearless 
Author of the Word of God, who, when 
liere with us, never shirked His duty, 
even if it deprived Him of a place to lay 
His head. 

First, He set before me the Law, and 
caused me to see that a good Mason 
wilfully violates every commandment in 
the Decalogue. A good Christian will 
not do that. 

A good Mason wilfully swears to do 
V. nat he knows to be wrong. A good 
Christian would not do that. 

Good Masons rarely make a public 
confession of Christ — I believe it is found 
that not more than ten per cent of them 
ever do. Good Christians confess Christ 
openly before the world. 

Good Masons walk in -the "counsel of 
the uneodly," stand "in the way of sin- 
ners," sit in the "seat of the scornful." 
The good Christian does not sit "with 
^ain persons" nor "go in with dissem- 

September, 1906. 



biers"; he ''hates the congregation of 
evil doers." 

The g-ood Mason is bound under oath 
to murder, or be murdered. The good 
Christian prays that his "soul may not 
be g-athered with bloody men," "in whose 
hands is mischief." 

The Bible abounds with striking con- 
trasts between Masonry and Christianity, 
and the more you study it the wider will 
grow the chasm, until it becomes a 
"great gulf fixed," over which the Holy 
Spirit will never establish communion. 

Since the Bible makes the antitheses 
so pronounced that there can be no in- 
tercommunion, why should I hesitate to 
believe that a consistent Freemason and 
;i consistent Christian cannot exist in the 
same person? I would like to hear from 
an objector. Joseph McKee, 

805 Arch street, Allegheny, Pa. 

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Secebet0' Ie0timottte0» 

A Jew's Experience in Secret Societies. 

The writer was born and lived for 
many years an orthodox Jew. I came 
to America in 1864. I joined the Odd 
Fellows (Hebron Lodge, No. 55 j in 
1870, at Yoimgstown, Ohio, but moved 
to Zanesville, Ohio, in 1871, and took 
my card from m.y lodge and joined yic- 
zart Lodge, No. 423, a German Society. 
I was Secretary, and Noble Grand, also 
Past Grand, and a member of the Dis- 
trict Lodge. I saw many things which 
I knew at the time were wrong. I joined 
Howard Encampment and passed 
through the three degrees. I remember 
a brother Jew who received the third 
degree in Howard Encampment. I be- 
lieved at one time they would kill him. 
I also was a member of the Knights of 
Pythias. The man who acted as Pluto 
in the third degree (old ritual) was a 
man I would not have trusted with five 
dollars ; and w^hen he took men through 
the degree he was alwa) s under the in- 
fluence of drink, yet I vvas blind and 
remained a member of the lodge. I also 
took one degree in Masonry, but a man 
who owed me money black-balled me, 
for which I thank God to-day, for I 
have learned that all secret societies are 
of the devil. No matter if they have 
good men in them. Satan has good and 
evil in him and so we need not be sur- 
prised at finding good and evil in the 
lodges. I also was a member of the 
Workman Lodge, also a member of B'nai 
B'rith and of the Kesher. The last two 
are Jewish societies. 

You church members, you preachers, 
did you ever teach or preach salvation 
in your lodges? Have you ever seen 
a drunkard converted in your lodge 
room? I know of many who became 
drunkards after they became members 
of the lodge. My own son-in-law was 
one. He was a Jew, a young man only 
twenty-four years old when he married 
my eldest daughter, and was a nice, 
sober man. Pie went into the Masonic 
lodge and went up to the thirty-second 
degree, and the Masons boasted of him 
that he was the youngest thirty-second 



September, 1906. 

deoree ]\Iason in Ohio. They had him 
to all of their banquets and parties, and 
after he had spent his fortune, they had 
no more use for him, and he at last 
committed suicide, and is buried in Green 
Lawn Cemetery at Columbus, Ohio. May 
God haye mercy on eyery one of those 
\yho caused the downfall of my dear son- 

Thirteen years ago God converted my 
soul, and when I accepted Jesus as my 
Sayior, as my Keeper, He opened my 
eyes and showed me the abomination, 
which I had seen and felt, but could not 
understand until I read the Bible, Old 
and New Testaments. 

No man was eyer lifted up higher 
into a religious life by joining a lodge, 
but I know many preachers and church 
members who lost the Holy Spirit soon 
after when they united with a secret so- 

Jesus taught "swear not at all," Matt. 
5 ■34-37 > ^^^ we read : "But above all 
things, my brethren, swear not, neither 
by heaven, neither by the earth, neither 
by any other oath, but let your yea be yea 
and your nay, nay, lest you fall into con- 
demnation." James 5:12. 

Now read the oath which Masons 
take: "Binding myself under no less a 
penalty than of haying my throat cut 
across, my tongue torn out by its roots, 
and my body buried in the rough sands 
of the sea at low water mark where the 
tide ebbs and flows twice in twenty-four 

If you were to be president or vice 
president, or if you wish to be selected 
to any public office, you must be a 
xTiember of secret societies, or you can 
never be elected. Even the preachers 
join lodges, so they may get the good 
will of the lodee members in their 
churches ; and they must preach sermons, 
boosting the lodge and making people 
believe they are of God, when they know 
in their own heart that it is a lie. 

My prayers are that God, even Christ 
through the Holy Spirit, may open the 
eyes of the Jews and of the Gentiles, that 
they may become converted and use the 
money spent for lodges and secret socie- 
ties, in preaching the gospel and in con- 
verting souls. We would then enjoy in 
this country a peace, a rest, a joy, which 

no other nation has in this great world. 

Many from my own country, Ger- 
many, both Jews and Gentiles, who have 
come to America, while here God, even 
Christ, has spoken to their souls, and they 
have become children of God, born of the 
Holy Spirit, and are thanking and prais- 
ing God for their coming- here. 

At Zanesville, Ohio, I was in the 
whisky business, sold fortv-five thousand 
dollars' worth of whisky in twenty-two 
months. I smoked and chewed tobacco, 
drank, went to all shows and dances, but 
since God converted me, He freed me 
from all these abominations, and I am, 
a happy man. 

I now belong to the Grand Lodge in 
Heaven where Jehovah is Grand Master, 
Jesus the Christ is Right Supporter, and 
the Holy Spirit is Left Supporter, and 
every one of the members are sons and 
daughters of God, and their names are 
written in the Lamb's Book of Life. 

Brother, sister, come out of your 
worldly lodges, and ioin yourselves to 
the Lord Jesus Christ and you will find 
life everlastinp-. 

Your ^brother and friend, 

Moses Nye, a converted Jew. 

No. 230 W. Vermont Str., Indianapo- 
lis, Ind. 


Dr. H. H. George told of the laying of 
the corner stone of the public building 
in Bellefontaine, Ohio, years ago, when 
two men had the courage to publicly 
protest against the right of any peculiar 
set of men to monopolize the exercises of 
such an occasion, the Masons having 
come from cities throughout that part of 
the State to superintend the afifair; and 
these two men insisted that, while they 
could not stop the proceedings, they 
could and would insist upon their right 
to have a part in them ; and they there- 
fore demanded that when the parapher- 
nalia of their order were deposited in 
the corner stone, that with them should 
be included a tract protesting against all 
oath-bound secret societies, and they had 
their way. He pleaded for similar hero- 
ism and tactfulnesson the part of Cove- 
nanters in doing testimony-bearing work. 
— The Christian Nation. 

September. 1906. 





It is nauseating to read and hear the 
endlessly reiterated claims of individual 
^lasoHs concerning eminent men who 
were never ]^lasons, and those who at 
some time were drawn into ^lasonry. 
Editor Smith of the Philadelphia Press 
has delivered an address before a 2\ la- 
sonic lodge in \\'iikesbarre, Pa., in which 
he has utilized the ^^lasonic history of 
some of the presidents,, or at least has 
pretended to, and has included other men 
by name or other reference, in a Vvay to 
seek glory for ^Masonry. 

He finds good done by Z^Iasonry in the 
civil war, and quotes the Southern gen- 
eral Beauregard as uttering the noble 
sentiment. "If the d — d ooliticians will 
get out of the way and leave the issue to 
us ^lasons, we will settle the difficulty." 

He also finds that it was Freemasons 
who conducted the war of the Revolu- 
tion and constructed the new Republic. 
As a mere matter of course, Washington 
comes in at this point, although he is 
acknowledged to have joined at 20 years 
of age. It is not mentioned that he dis- 
continued active membership years be- 
fore the war. 'Mr. Smith ventures to as- 
sert that "the oflicers of the Revolution- 
ary army were mostly [Masons/' but, 
without discussing this sweeping claim, 
we might be content for the moment to 
cite Washington's aide-de-camp, the 
second Trumbull, who asked his advice 
about joining, but whom he would not 
advise to join. Franklin, whom the 
speaker cites, had a similar interview 
with a relative who thought of joining, 
and assured him that "one fool in the 
family was enough." 

We forbear to proceed, though more 
proof of the wildness of the statement 
as reported could be given. 

Editor Smith, who was in 2^IcKinlev"s 
cabinet, refers to the time when he spoke 
at the tomb of ^^'ashington. It was there 
that ^IcKinley said, presumably with un- 
conscious incorrectness, that Washing- 
ton died Master of a Masonic lodge — a 
statement without the foundation of even 
Masonic historv. He did not die an offi- 

cial, or even ordinary member of a 
lodge. He had not for many }'ears been 
an attendant of the ^Masonic lodge. He 
liad never been very much of a Mason. 
It is a pity that Mr. Roosevelt can be 
cited by ^Ir. Smith, and to one who 
knows 3^Iasonry the question *is easv 
whether this busy man, initiated a few 
years ago, has ever fairly learned the 
real nature of Freemasonr}-. Certainly 
there is a glaring discrepancy between 
the false and slavish character of the 
^lasonic compact and the personal claims 
that are made for him. 


A few vears ago m the annual con- 
clave of Oriental Consistory of Scottish 
Rite Masonrv in Chicago one of the 
Princes of the Royal Secret made the 
usual resort to the name of Washington 
to embellish his eulogy of the order, and 
said : 

"Our governmenr was iounded by a Free- 
mason, a man who worked in the lodge room, 
who loved Masonry next to liberty and his 
God. He was true in every fiber of his soul 
to the institution That we love ; true also, 
as all true Masons are. to freedom, to her 
flag and to his country. To the caviler who 
seeks to attract the applause of the unthink- 
ing by arracks upon our glorious fraternity, 
we need but to point to George Washington 
as the exemplar of its worth and patriotism. 
lAplause.) The civilized and even the un- 
civilized peoples of the earth honor and revere 
him as the purest and greatest civil governor 
the world has ever produced ; the noblest and 
truest man. take him all in all. perhaps, that 
has ever lived. The grave, the virtuous, the 
wise and great Washington learned the les- 
sons which he carried through life and which 
he illustrated in every act of his life as and 
where we have learned them, and as we trust 
in God those who follow us shall always learn 
them, in the lodges of Freemasonry." 

It is surprising to hear an intelligent 
Mason say of so indifferent a Mason 
that he loved Masonry next to his coun- 
try and his God : while the claim that a 
lodge room was where his character was 
formed, is an absurdity hardly needing 
any answer but itself. The assenion 
that our government was founded by a 
Freemason is striking, but its strength Is 



September, 1906. 

somewhat broken by the fact that he 
practically withdrew from the lodge years 
before this govermiient came into exist- 
ence. Durino; those years in which inde- 
pendence was sought and the country was 
formed, he kept away from lodges, as he 
continued to until he died. He refused 
to advise his Aide-de-camp, the second 
Trumbull, to join; yet did assure him 
that Masonry was capable of being used 
for the "worst of purposes." 

It is Masonically held that Washington 
never made any special progress in Ma- 
sonry, and we are indebted to Masonry 
itself for the inside information, that, 
during one year when a lodge near his 
home made him nominal master, a sub* 
stitnte ailed the chair, and his own face 
zvas not once seen in the lodge room. His 
personal verification of non-affiliation or 
neglect, is in one of ,his letters printed 
with many others in Sparks' Life of 
Washington. These things need occa- 
sional repetition because the same old 
Masonic tune is ground out over and 
over again. Washington was an indif- 
ferent Mason who early left the blue 
lodge beyond which we have no evidence 
he ever tried to go ; yet he has been 
claimed as Master of a lodge when he 
died thirty years after ceasing attend- 
ance ; he has been supposed to be Grand 
Master of lodges in America when not 
even an active private Mason ; and from 
early times until the present there has 
been some Masonic orator to grind out 
for the delectation of a gaping crowd 
the same old tune cantillated over again 
by this Prince of the Royal Secret. 

Wauseon, Ohio, July 31, 1906. 
W. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111.: 

Dear Brother — In the eight years dur- 
ing which the Cynosure has come regu- 
larly to my home, I have become much 
attached to it, and regard it highly for 
its clear, frank utterances of truth and 
for the high standard of Christian life 
advocated by it. God bless it and all 
those who have part in its publication 
and management. I prize much the let- 
ters of President Blanchard and long for 
the opportunity of meeting him and hear- 
ing- him speak. Sincerely your brother 
in the gospel. — (Rev.) E. D. Root. 

A Re8:ular Business. 

The last page of the Square Deal for 
May carried the advertisement of the 
Joy Detective Service, Cleveland, Ohio. 
The concern is incorporated. It does a 
regularly organized, advertised, named 
and incorporated business. This busi- 
ness became an established one through 
meeting a demand and furnishing the 
supply of a need. The need arose out 
of loss and peril caused by disorderly 
and violent law breaking. This detec- 
tive service then exists as a regular busi- 
ness, much as any other detective serv,- 
ice does. The demand is created by law- 
breaking and the business arises to meet 
the demand. 

The heading of the advertisement is 
illuminating, yet slightly misleading. It 
says : "We break strikes." This is the 
popular expression and not untrue, yet, 
strictly speaking, a detective agency 
deals not with a strike strictly so called, 
but with unlawful conduct consequent 
upon some strikes. To strike is to leave 
-work, and this is not unlawful when so 
done a^ to violate no contract and per- 
petrate no needless or wanton harm. 
There is a fine point here, to be sure ; for, 
to leave work as an act of conspiracy, 
and in combination with others for the 
purpose of doing injury for a brief time, 
and with intent of coercion, may, in the 
moral view, be violence. But before the 
civil law each and every free man is at 
liberty to work or not work at his own 
will. Strictly speaking, then, a strike 
is as lawful as the return to work. 
Therefore, in strictness, the primary 
business of detective service is not to ] 
break strikes, since leaving work is law- 

In the body of the advertisement oc- 1 
curs a statement which reaches the real 
point: "We guard property during 
strikes." Now, w^hile leaving work does 
not create the need of a special guard, 
mischief-making by idle hands that have 
dropped useful work does. Such guard- 
ing does not primarily, break strikes ; it 
breaks law breaking. 

Another index .of the real nature of 
this incorporated business is the state- 
ment that the service rendered includes 

September, 1906. 



fitting- up and maintaining boarding- 
houses 'for workers. In part, this might 
be necessary where an influx of work- 
ers overflowed boarding places already 
provided. But there is the further sug- 
gestion of places seeking business of the 
kind, yet not daring to accept it from the 
new workers. There is also a possible 
hint of provision near work and under 
guard, on account of danger to men go- 
ing from work to hotels or boarding 
houses or from these toward a place of 
work. After the suggestion of inade- 
quate accommodations for new residents 
comes the fairly plain one of threat hang- 
ing over hotels and their possible patrons. 
Here, then, is an implication, not of 
strike, but of law breaking in the form 
of personal violence. The advertised 
business therefore must be needed to 
break this violent kind of law breaking. 
Counting out all that is done by out- 
siders who improve the chance to plun- 
der and riot, those who, having struck, 
that is left work, take part in the same 
law breaking as the outside rioters, dis- 
credit their secret orders, which by com- 
pelling idleness, open the door of tempta- 
tion. ''Satan finds some mischief still 
for idle hands to do." Along with idle- 
ness are other conditions, also fostered 
or produced by those secret societies 
called trade unions, which foment evil 
and lawless tendencies. Trade unions 
ought to be among the best social and 
business agencies, and it is hard to see 
any good reason why they would not en- 
joy the fullest public respect and confi- 
dence if they would discard the suspi- 
cious, skulking attitude of secret orders, 
and the business methods of blacklegs 
and thugs. If instead of alienating pub- 
lic sympathy they ^would come out into 
the open fair field with public respect 
and sympathy behind them, they would 
be an honored and efficient agency of 
progress. But too many of their meth- 
ods are currish, unprogressive and arti- 
ficial, while to these qualities they add 
the element of secrecy which abates con- 
fidence and breeds sus]:)icion. It is a re- 
proach to the labor union that it has 
brought into existence a business aiding 
civil law and named detective service. 


An article in American Industries for 
April I, is entitled: ''New methods of 
self-preservation : How August Bel- 
mont planned for a year to break the 
subway strike and broke it." It refers 
to the sudden and bewildering defeat that 
followed the Interborough strike, alleg- 
ing that it was due to a new method. 
'Tn reality employers have taken a leaf 
from the union book. They are working 
secretly and concertedly. They know 
when a strike is going to be ordered and 
are prepared to break it before it begins." 
"The new method brings a quick and- de- 
cisive finish.'' "Business competition for 
the time is put aside, and when war is 
threatened by organized labor organized 
capital is ready to meet it." "The 
growth of employers' associations and 
the growing tendency toward the open 
shop have greatly augmented the ranks 
of non-union workmen in all branches, 
and now employers find little trouble in 
filling strikers' places." 

"Not a move is made in any of the un- 
ions that the employers do not know 
about at once." "Secrecy and co-opera- 
tion are the 'agencies of strength in or- 
ganized labor, and employers have learn- 
ed the lesson. \Mth the added advantage 
of unlimited capital, many employers be- 
lieve they have absolutely found a way to 
put an end to strikes in most trades, and 
a method whereb}- the>- will l>e able to 
force the unions into more businesslike 
relationship, doing away entirely with 
violence and enforced idleness on the part 
of the men." "The public has been 
amazed at the prompt and eft'ective way 
the Interborough Company met the re- 
cent strike with apparently onl\- a few 
hours in which to prepare for it. As a 
matter of fact, it had been making prepa- 
rations for more than a year." 

Thus secrecy matches secrecy and the 
fight goes on, but one must still doubt 
whether in darkness is to be found the 
real end. Darkness is the natural pro- 
moter of confusion worse confounded. 
The true remedy is written in letters of 
light, and the true solution thus written 
is the Golden Rule. In the present abey- 
ance of that rule, the law of silence on 
both sides ma>' in part restore the equi- 



September, 1906. 


In an address given by Gov. Stanley, 
of Kansas, he said : 

*'The race is stronger in intellect, 
stronger in body and stronger in sym- 
pathy than ever before, and this large 
sympathy is in a great measure due to 
the influence of fraternalism. The 
home and the church have a new ally in 
the fraternities which constitute one of 
the most powerful agencies for good." 
For so much of the speech we are in- 
debted to The Select Knight, of Otta- 
wa, Kansas, published in "the interest of 
the Supreme Lodge, Select Knights and 
Ladies." The extract is editorially in- 
troduced as ''timely and significant." It 
might throw light on the editorial con- 
ception of what is helpful to homes and 
what assists churches, to turn to the con- 
tents of this paper. The heading, Se- 
lect Knight, has between the two wor<ls 
a design with four shields so arranged 
as to form a Maltese cross, having two 
crossed swords with hilts between the 
shields upward, and points correspond- 
ingly between shields and pointing 
downward. Over the midst of this cross 
or double cross, lies an open book form- 
ing the middle of the design. On the 
upper part of its pages are the words 
Holy Bible; and resting on both pages 
is the bony hand of a skeleton. 

The paper is largely occupied by 
lodge coirespon-lenls telling ''Wliat our 
brothers and sisters are doing," and of 
course this i- a hopeful source from 
which to !cari how "one of the nio^t 
powerful sgenck'S for good" is niaking 
itself both to homes and churches a "new 

The first letter is headed : "From the 
Banner Lodge." Near the end the writer 
says : "The last day of the month to 
pay assessments is the 28th, if you wish 
to be in good standing, and not on the 
29th, nor 30th, nor the first of next 
month. One of our members who had 
not paid on the 28th of December died 
on the 5th of January with her assess- 
ment still unpaid, and it was not until 
after her death that the money was of- 
fered to our Recording Treasurer. Thus 
by neglect her beneficiary was deprived 
of the protection for which she became 
a member of the order." 

Here were eight days, a little over a 
week, during which a member was 
probably sick unto death, and failed to 
pay her dues to this "nrw ally" of the 
home. Presently the payment was offer- 
ed by some one well enough to attend to 
the business, when it was found to have 
been omitted by the dying woman, but 
being a week or more late it was fra- 
ternally refused. 

The next letter is headed: "No. 23 
Booming." It reports that Deputy H. 
"has about finished his labors in this 
vineyard." This looks as if we were to 
hear now from the "ally" of the church. 
The labors referred to have resulted in 
123 applications, partly for life insur- 
ance of the type referred to in the pre- 
ceding communication. This is the 
number including "beneficiary" and "so- 
cial" members. Thus far the actual ini- 
tiates are "62 beneficiary and 14 socials," 
but a number more are "to be taken into 
the fold" of the ally of the church. An- 
other harvest is expected soon, for "the 
seed has been well sown." The Su- 
|Dreme President, Brother Cross, gave a 
short talk on the order when the new 
officers Were installed, his visit being a 
gratifying surprise ; the sisters gave a 
"splendid luncheon," and "dancing was 
also indulged in." It is possible that 
the luncheon helped the home by sav- 
ing the sisters work after a late return, 
but whether the dancing helped the 
church or home least, is — let us leave it 
simply as a question. 

The next letter is from a sister who 
says, referring to lack of recent reports 
from her lodge : "We do not wish the 
readers of the Select Knight to lose 
sight of the fact that we still 'live, move 
and have our being.' " 

In thus borrowing scriptural phrases 
for the ally, the sister uses quotation 
marks, whether she fitly applies the quo- 
tation itself or not. At the end she says : 
"Hoping that the Select Knights and 
Ladies may grow and flourish like the 
lilley of the valley, and that many will 
find happy hours by uniting with us, we 
will close." Now, why- does she spell 
lily that way ? Is it to make with valley 
a kind of orthographical rhyme or par- 
allel? Or is it to break the force of the 
profane misapplication? 

.September, 1906. 



The next is "A growing lodge," re- 
ported by one who has been a member 
"some two months," is already the Re- 
corder, and in part reports : ''On De- 
cember 19th we gave an oyster supper 
and dance, on account of bad weather 
we did not have the crowd we were ex- 
pecting, but those who came enjoyed 
themselves dancing and eating oysters." 

This lodge must be a church ally, for 
churches are apt to have oyster suppers. 
Perhaps the dance was added to include 
the family, though it is credited widely 
with making a good deal of trouble for 
families in one way or another, espe- 
cially by injuring the health or charac- 
ters of daughters. Possibly it was only 
an item appended without reference to 
its reinforcing the lodge as an ally of 
either church or home. In view of re- 
ports in this issue the words of the gov- 
ernor are truly, as the editor says, ''time- 
ly and significant." 


Headquarters of the Knights of Coluni= 


One of the chief officers of the Knights 
of Columbus closed an article in the 
Columbiad with the hope that the Cath- 
olic hands of the east and west would 
one day "meet in a clasp that would sig- 
nalize the control of this country by Ro- 
man Catholicism." The order is one of 
the agencies depended on to destroy 
public schools, lower the standard of ed- 
ucation and intelligence, bring ail under 
the training of Romanism, and destroy 
religious freedom. In New Haven, the 
old Puritan colony, and in the presence 
of Yale College, the national headquar- 
ters of this secret conspiracy against the 
welfare of the nation have been located, 
and the time of dedication was the first 
week in June. The occasion brought 
members from all States and Territories 
in the Union save Alaska. Twenty-five 
thousand were expected, together with 
their families and friends. Representa- 
tives of the order were also expected 
from Quebec, Prince Edward Island, 
Newfoundland, Mexico, New Bruns- 
wick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and British 
Columbia. Cardinal Gibbons officiated 
at the dedication of the new building, 
which cost about $200,000. 


Two boys, aged 18 and 15 years, were 
arrested in Springfield, Mass., Jan. 29, 
by Deputy U.S. Marshal Waters, of Bos- 
ton, and one was arraigned before the 
United States Commissioners for send- 
ing scurrilous and threatening letters 
through the mail. The other was held 
for appearance Jan. 30. It was believ- 
ed that not until after the arrest did the 
officers know what distinguished prison- 
ers they were taking, but it then trans- 
pired that these were probably leaders 
of an order called Knights of the Eng- 
Hsh Hound. The one arraigned and 
bailed out under bonds of $400 was the 
15-year-old boy, and he denied all knowl- 
edge of the Hound of the Baskervilles. 
Whether Adam, Noah or Solomon were 
known in their day as Knights 
or Hounds, the officers were not yet in- 
formed by their illustrious prisoner. The 
word English might have cast a shadow 
on antiquities if the Masons had not al- 
ready put in so free claims for what 
Washington called the English lodges. 
When the ancient boy was arrested, he 
was acting as usher in a theater at an 
afternoon performance. In his pocket 
was a new 38-caliber revolver. 

The boys have been sending black 
hand letters to the owner of a block of 
stores and tenements, to the occupants 
of which the Hounds have made them- 
selves troublesome. The letters have 
been written in slant hand and orna- 
mented with skulls, cross-bones and 
black hands drawn in ink, which would 
suggest that the boys were in training 
for future Knights Templar. For a year 
this boy has also enjoyed the influence 
of the theater, as an employe allowed to 
see the shows in return for service as 
usher. A number of other Springfield 
boys are being developed for manhood 
and citizenship in that way. The boy 
thought that when his brother-in-law 
put up the required bail all was over 
and he was freed from the charge. 

The Knights have terrorized school 
children and annoyed ai.tults, and it is 
time they were in charge of something 
besides a theater, or a secret order, or a 
gang for their future training. 



September. 1906. 

Iletti0 of ®ur Pori 

The Cynosure goes regularly each 
month to the following foreign countries : 
India, Cyprus, Ireland, Scotland, Brazil, 
Turkey and Barbados (West Indies), 
seven countries in all. 

Rev. J. R. Wylie, of College Springs, 
Iowa, sometime lecturer for the National 
Christian Association, writes of two ad- 
dresses recently given in which he paid 
attention to the influence of secret so- 
cieties and had in his audience ministers 
who belonged to as many as five lodges. 
He speaks of the apparent good which 
his addresses on the subject did. 

Those who are desirous of hearing Bro. 
AAVlie, can address him as above, and we 
assure our readers that he is a man who 
will do them g-ood and not harm. 

We give below the prospective outline 
of Secretary W. B. Stoddard's appoint- 
ments for September. Not all have been 
definitely arranged at the present writ- 
ing. We hope this notice may enable 
some to hear him who might not other- 
wise learn of his visits : 

Sept. 4 — German Lutheran church, 
Middletown, Ohio. 

Sept. 5 and 6 — Brookville and Dayton, 

Sept. 9 — Free Methodist church, Kal- 
amazoo, Mich. 

Sept. lo — German Lutheran church. 
South Haven, Mich. 

Sept. II — Christian Reformed church. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Sept. 12 — Christian Reformed church, 
Holland, Mich. 

Sept. 14 — Christian Reformed church, 
near Allendale, MicH. 

Sept. 17 and 18 — State convention, 
Muskegon, Mich. 

Sept. 20 — United Presbyterian church, 
Southfield, Mich, (postoffice, R. F. D., 
Birmingham, Mich.) 

Sept. 21 — Covenanter church. South- 
field, Mich. 

Sept. 23 — L^nited Presbyterian church, 
Birmi^srham, Mich. 

Sept. -z^- - /^utheran churches at De- 
troit Mich. 

During October Bro. Stoddard will la- 
bor in Iowa up to the 24th of the month, 
whence he goes to Indiana for conven- 
tion on the 2gth and 30th of October. 

In November he goes to New York 
State and the New Jersey State conven- 
tion will be held the last of the month in 
Dr. James Parker's church, Jersey City. 

The Missouri Lutheran Synods. 
Waco, Neb., Aug. 18, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure — ^I am permitted agaiii 
to report many blessings received in our 
work. Coming to Kansas and Nebraska- 
for the first time one is impressed with 
the vastness of the opportunity. Where 
twenty-five or thirty years ago there was 
unbroken prairie stretching for hundreds 
of miles, now well builded houses are 
found on the sections, half and quarter 
sections, which are to be divided again 
and again as the children take the places 
of fathers and mothers. I am tempted 
to wTite of the delightful climate, mag- 
nificent crops, etc., but must pass to the 
more important. 

The kinds of worship found here are 
not unlike those of the East. There is 
an ever-increasing variety. One may 
join the "Red Men" and be assured that 
he will at last land in the "happy hunt- 
ing grounds," or the "Elks" who say 
that their departed go to the "great herd 
beyoud," or the "Royal Highlanders" 
and have his vanity swelled to the pea- 
cock stage. 

But there are reformers and their num- 
ber is increasing. I have been permitted 
to address the friends found in the Mis- 
souri Lutheran Synods of Kansas and 
Nebraska and have been greatly cheered 
to find a large and growing body united, 
to a man, in contending against the dark 
hnsidious foe of secretism. They recog- 
nize in the National Christian Associa- 
tion a help needed and they largely up- 
hold it in liberal subscriptions to its offi- 
cial organ. One hundred and forty new 
subscriptions have been given your agent 
bv these two synods. Many are asking 
for lectures and literature which we hope 
to supoly. 

I was glad to respond to the invita- 
tion which came from the pastor of the 

September. 1906. 



General Synod Lutheran Church of 
Hanover, Kan., and address about one 
hundred people who were gathered with 
effort at that place. (It is a city of ten 
or twelve hundred population. — Ed.) It 
is said there are sixteen lodges, fourteen 
saloons, three Protestant and one Cath- 
olic church in Hanover. It was thought 
one-half of my audience either belonged 
vo the lodge or sympathized with it. A 
serious, thoughtful attention was given. 
I sought to kindly and considerately call 
attention to this great sin and delusion. 
A few rejoiced, some were angry and 
several were considerate. Pastor Klinger 
seeing the evil in his midst, as a brave 
Christian, not only proclaims himself for 
Christ against his enemies, but seeks to 
point out clearly the enemies. It is likely 
vou will hear from him through the 

Our good friend Rufus Park took me 
to his home some eight miles from Alex- 
andria, Neb. Here I found plenty of 
chicken and other good things too num- 
erous to mention. A chart talk was ar- 
ranged for in his parlor and some seek- 
ing information spent the afternoon in 
the consideration of the /'things that are 
dark and tricks that are vain." The 
pastor of the Alexandria Presbyterian 
Church, his wife and family, a lady from 
Boston, Mass., a missionary from Albany, 
N. Y., a pastor and wife from Oskaloosa, 
Iowa, were among those present. So far 
as I know there were none present in 
favor of the lodge. 

The German Lutheran Church is to 
have a great influence in this immense 
countrA^ in the years to come. From the 
parent church, which stands on an ele- 
vation where it may be seen from all the 
surrounding country, five churches have 
sprung in recent years. In one of these 
rhe Kansas Synod met at Horse Shoe 
Creek, seven miles from Hanover. 

It is estimated that three hundred have 
gathered in the large commodious church 
s'x miles from Waco, Xeb., where I now 
write, that they may plan for the great 
work God has given them. 

I go (D. V.) to Denison, Iowa, and 
then to Columbus, Ohio, where I hope 
to be of help to others. 

Priends will kindlv note the State con- 

\'ention and appointments for Michigan 
in September. Let us make it count largor 
iy for the Master. Oh that God would 
raise up a man to fan the reform fires 
kindling over the western prairies ! 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Jacksonville, 111., Aug. 2, 1906. 
Mr. W. I. Phillips, Chicago : 

Dear Sir — Enclosed please find $1.00 
for Cynosure. I cannot do without it. 
In order to successfully contend against 
the secret society spirit of the present 
time, it is necessary-, I believe, to en- 
lighten the young people concerning 
lodgeism. The lamp needs refilling 
again and again. Hence, one evening 
every month I talk on secret societies be- 
fore my young people's society. Upon 
perusal of the Christian Cynosure, I se- 
lect one or two of the most interesting 
articles, and use them as a basis for 
my remarks. Thus the Christian Cyno- 
sure has been, and, I doubt not, will be 
in the future also, a great help in my 
work of combating lodgism. Especially 
helpful I have found the department : 
"Churches Opposing Secretism." 
Respectfully yours. 

(Rev.) H. Hallerberg. 

One of our volunteer workers whose 
testimony is heard in important places 
around the world is Mr. A. J. Farley of 
the Salvation Army. He is doing splen- 
did work among the officers of his own 
organization, not only in this country, 
but in Australia and other lands. 

The Young ]\Ien's Cliristian Associa- 
tion of Buffalo, bv its librarian, solicited 
volumes thirty-six. thirty-seven and 
thirty-eight of the Christian Cynosure for 
use in the sociological department of its 
library. Our Board of Directors granted 
the request and sent the three volumes, 
bound, for which the thanks of the asso- 
ciation have been received. The cost of 
these volumes is paid from the bequest 
of Mr. Franklin W. Capwell. of Dale, 
N. Y. Although Bro. Capwell died quite 
a number of years ago, yet his testimony 
to the young men of his State has been 
kept bright through the provision which 
he made hv will. 



September. 1906. 


July 10, 1906. 
V'm. I. Phillips, Chicago: 

Dear Brother — Yours of the 6th re- 
ceived : also books and tracts. 

I have been a member of the M. E. 
church fifty years — fifteen years a local 
preacher — and have always opposed 
secret orders ; but our bishop, presiding 
elder and so many of our pastors have 
been captured by the popularity of these 
devil's traps, that it has been hard to 
njake headway. Still I believe that two- 
thirds of our M. E. church at heart are 
opposed to secret societies. 

I wish I had known of the National 
Cl-ristian Association years ago, but will 
make the best of the opportunities I have 
left. I am getting old, but still preach, 
kindly, patiently, prudently, and pray for 
v/isdom for this great work. I live in a 
Masonic community, and since I began to 
scatter your books and to speak out 
openly and to tell people that they can 
and ought to inform themselves about 
ti'cse secret orders, of course I encoun- 
ter the spite and hatred of lodge people. 
I expect my presiding elder (he is a 
Mason) will request me not to take a 
license to preach any more, but that will 
not discourage me. 

I hope it will be possible for President 
Blanchard to come to Spokane before or 
at the time the Mystic Shriners meet 
r^xt year. I have a little money and time 
ai. 1 strength to scatter your books and 
tracts and to speak publicly on the evils 
of secrecy, and my heart and soul are 
ill the work and have been for years. 
But I did not know about the inside work 
01' these orders until I received your 

Pray that the Holy Spirit may guide 
me in this work and give me wisdom, 
Dnidence and kind, loving, patient words, 
so that some may be kept out and others 
mav come out of these traps of Satan. 
Write to me often and pray for me al- 
wavs. Yours very cordially, 

(Rev.) G. L. Cofhn.' 

R. F. D., Buckeye, Wash. 

Blackwell, Okla., Aug. 7, 1906. 
National Christian Association: 

Dear Sirs — Blackwell is a veritable 
hotbed of secret societies. I have been 
disturbing their peace and quiet the past 
month or two, for which I have been 
threatened with expulsion from the First 
Baptist Church of Blackwell. The trouble 
was originated by the pastor of our 
church (who is a Mason) annoucing that 
he would on a certain Sabbath preach a 
sermon on "The Church vs. Masonry," 
or ''Masonry vs. the Church." I imme- 
diately circulated a petition among the 
members of the church, protesting, 
against the desecration of the house of 
God by allowing it to be used for the 
purpose of delivering sermons or ad- 
dresses in deference to Freemasonry or any 
other secret order, or the advocacy of 
anv of their principles or practices. As 
a result, one highly respected Christian 
gentleman was excluded last week, and I 
was informd yesterday that the "big 
stick" was suspended above my head. 

I am a minister in the Baptist denom- 
ination. I thought for man}^ years that 
I y/as the only man in all the land that 
was opposed to secret orders, but am be- 
ginning to feel more comfortable now 
since I find there are many others that 
are of a like mind. 

I sent two articles on secret societies 
to the "Word and Way," a Baptist paper 
published at Kansas City, Mo., but they 
would not publish them. I believe the 
greatest enemy of the church of Jesus 
Christ to-day is the secret lodge — the 
dvink business not excepted. 

The blessing of God upon the Cyno- 
sure. Sincerely yours, 

(Rev.) Geo. A. Creekmore. 

Pickering, Mo., Aug. 2, 1906. 
Dear Brother Phillips — I believe it is 
about time I was paying my subscription 
again. I don't like to fall behind with a 
magazine like the Cynosure. You are 
in a hard fight and I want to see you 
win. My brother pastor here told me a 
vv'hiie ago that he thought of entering a 
ledge. I put some of your tracts in his 
hand and he is hesitating. I don't think 
he will join. Fraternally yours, 

fRev.) O. I. Bulfin. 

September, 1906. 



Two Rivers, Wis., July 25, 1906. 
Mr. W. I. Phillips: 

Dear Brother — I was glad to get the 
Cvnosiire, but I do not need it to stimu- 
late my opposition to the whole secret 
s\stem. If I were alone in all the world 
opposed to it, I would be none the less 
opposed. As a man, as a Christian, as a 
T;atriot, I am opposed to any organiza- 
tion, by whatever name called, which 
exacts of its members a pledge to keep 
secrets which the church or the state, in 
the interest of justice, desires to know. 
I know that such a principle is danger-. 
Gus, and while it may be comparatively 
innocent in the hands of honorable men, 
it will be both mask and dagger to the 
villain. Cordially yours, 

(Rev.) Alexander Thomson. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., July 5, 1906. 

Enclosed find $1, subscription for 
vour magazine. I like the Christian 
Cynosure very well. Every pastor ought 
to have it, because of the information 
ev^ery number brings. I don't under- 
stand how pastors can work hand in 
hand with secret organizations, and yet 
I know that to be the case. But don't 
you think I am proud that in our Augus- 
tana Synod not a single pastor is a lodge 
member? I ou^ht to be. 

I wish you all success possible in your 
noble but difficult work. Truth will con- 
quer. Yours very truly, 

(Rev.) Carl A. Eckstrom. 

Wathena, Kan., July 12, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure — Enclosed find $1. I 
cannot well do without the magazine. 
After I have read it, I send it to some 
one else, to do, if possible, some good. 
I believe, with many others, that sworn 
secret societies are the greatest obstacle 
in church work. I have not yet seen a 
lodge member who was a successful work- 
er in the church, either preacher or lay- 

God bless the National Christian As- 
sociation in its work, though I doubt 
veiy much of victory over this cursed 
"odgery until Satan is bound and cast into 
that bottomless pit, where he shall be 
shut up for a thousand years. Yours as 
ever. (Rev.) F. W. Fiegenbaum. 

3o\m from Iht ^oHt. 


"Ancient it is as having existed from 
time immemorial." Such is one of the 
first bits of information imparted to the 
Masonic neophyte, and it ?s generally 
found to be that which interests him 
most. To be told that the person ad- 
dressing him is the humble representa- 
tive of King Solomon, and to be told, 
as he subsequently is, that the proceed- 
ings in which he has been taking part 
are identical with those practiced by the 
priests of Isis — minus, of course, the ob- 
scurity — all these cause most rapturous 
feelings in the newly-made E. A. He 
feels like the man for whom the Her- 
ald's College has been getting up a pedi- 
gree linking him with the Conquest. 

As he proceeds in knowledge, he takes 
a degree which brings him up to the 
time of the flood, and the venerable 
names of Noah, Shem and Japhet re- 
sound about the lodges. 

Even this is not all. We are cred- 
ibly informed thr.t a sect of pre-Adam- 
ites exist. 

This being a degree we have not yet 
taken, we can unfortunately give the 
readers of the Indian Masonic Review 
very little information on the subject. 
Evidently, however, the primordial atom 
was a Free Mason, and the earnest stu- 
dent might well devote some little spare 
time to the study of the jelly fish which 
is supposed to have been the origin of 
all things. 

Who shall say that the missing word 
is not connected with the Darwinian 
missing link? 

To discuss the subject seriously, all 
this sort of thing is, of course, pure non- 

The existence of speculative — or non- 
operative or geomatic Masons can be 
traced for about three centuries, and be- 
yond that everything is the barest spec- 
ulation and theory. Mother Kilwinning 
Lodge possesses records which date from 
1 641, and the Lodge of Edinborough, 
No. I, goes back to 1599 In 1646 Ash- 
mole was made a Mason at Warring- 



September, 1906. 

ton, and this is the first authentic record 
of an initiation in an EngHsli Lodge. 

In 1686 one Dr. Plot pnbb^shed a Nat- 
ural History of Staffordshire, and in the 
course of his researches he to have 
come considerably into contact with the 
craft, and gives a most entertaining ac- 
count of their customs. 

There are, of course, a gieat number 
of old manuscripts extant, fac similes 
of which have been published by Lodge 
Quatuor Coronati. These are, in most 
instances, charges, or rules for the guid- 
ance of ]\Iasons both as to their work 
and conduct. 

Some of these date from the time of 
King Athelstane, but there is nothing 
to show that they had an)/ thing to do 
with speculative Free Masonry. On the 
contrary, all internal evidence goes to 
show they were intended for the opera- 
tive, and we are, therefore, thrown back 
upon the year 1599 as being the earliest 
authenticated date in connection with 
the Order as it now is. 

The two dates most interesting to the 
modern Free Mason are 1717 and 181 3. 

In the former year a "Grand Lodge' ^ 
was constituted in London formed of 
four lodges then meeting. Not until 
1724 were any warrants issued for lodges 
outside the metropolis — and then the 
craft spread rapidly. All this activity 
stirred up the brethren in the north of 
England, and a Grand Lodge of York 
was formed which issued warrants. This 
was in 1725, and the last named body 
existed till 1790. 

In 1 74 1 some dispute occurred in Lon- 
don which led to a split. The secession- 
ists formed themselves into a ''Grand 
Lodge of England," and curiously 
enough were called the "Ancients," 
while the original body came to be 
known as the "Moderns," and a few 
years later as "Atholl" Masons. Other 
secessions of minor importance, however, 
occurred, but in 1790 there were only 
the Ancients and the Moderns left, and 
in 181 3 they united under the presidency 
of the Duke of Sussex, as the "United 
Grand Lodge of all England." 

Here, then, is the history of the Craft 
as regards English Free Masonry in a 
nutshell, and we can give their proper 
importance to the stories about Adam 

and Eve and Noah, and Solomon and 
the Edullamites. They may serve as 
something wherewith to amuse the pro- 

After all, three centuries constitute a 
very respectable antiquity. There are 
some institutions which reach a green 
old age, because it is not worth anyone's 
while to destroy them, but the specula- 
tive art of Masonry has kept on through 
evil report and good report, and in spite 
of the objurgations and anathemas of 
one of the most influential and best or- 
ganized corporations in the world — we 
mean the Church of Rome. 

And, based as it is on the practice of 
every moral and social virtue, we see no 
reason why it should not exist to the 
end of time. 
— The Indian Masonic Review. 


Under the heading of "Is Freemasonry 
Progressive?" the American Tyler of 
June 15, 1899, reprinted an article from 
another Masonic organ which after al- 
luding to the progress in method m'l'ie 
by other institutions, said in part: 

"A ve^y cursory analysis must lead to 
a negative reply. The statutes of Free- 
masonry are most crude and singularly 
incomplete. Too much reliance is placed 
on lex non scripta, and every member 
has his own interpretation of 'unwritten 
law.' With regard to ritual ceremonial, 
we are unable to note any material 
change or evidence of 'marked progress.' 
Scriptural Misquotations and Barbarous 

"On the contrary, the anomalies of the 
historical incidents and traditions still re- 
main, and the absurdity of Scriptural mis- 
quotations is uncorrected, while the sub- 
limely ridiculous, and highly illogical 
relics of barbarism known as 'penalties 
still form part of the philosophical teach- 
ings of our great institution, and yet we 
have the audacity to declaim constant^.y 
on our 'progressiveness.' Clearly we as- 
sume a virtue though we have it not. It 
is somewhat humiliating to have to ad- 
mit that Masons en masse have no litei- 
ary aspirations, or spirit of Masonic re- 
search. Speaking generally, the Free- 
mason zealous for office, reaches the 
acme of his literary ambition in the 

.September, 1906. 



acquisition of ritual ceremonial on at- 
taining the W. ■ M. chair. To the ma- 
jority the perusal of Masonic litera- 
ture is a waste of time, and scientific 
research about as useful as the provision 
of warming pans to African negroes:. But 
still the farce goes on, and the same 
brethren month after month urge tlie 
necessity of making a da:ly advance 'n 
Masonic knowledge. 

*'The fraternal aspect of the Craft in 
'days of old,' and even quite within the 
memory of many living members, was a 
concomitant part, a tangible reality, a 
thing to swear by, and largely constituted 
much of the power and influence of Free- 
masonry. To-day, outside the few en- 
thusiastic, real live Masons, to be found 
and easily located in every community, 
how many are there who will make sacri- 
fice for his brother Mason, or even prefer 
him in his dealings? Individual and 
collective experience can sadly answer 
the question and quickly figure up such 

*'Of course we quite recognize that in 
any attempt at progressive reform the 
old cry of 'innovation' and 'landmarks' 
will be raised as an argument against the 
house of Freemasonry being set in order. 
An English writer and Masonic author- 
ity tersely sets forth the position in the 
following lines : 

" 'Of a truth these Landmarks (falsely 
so-called) are great stumbling blocks in 
the way of progressive improvement. 
Brethren who endeavor to eliminate from 
our ceremonies the mis-statements, the 
anachronisms, and the solecisms, which 
in the course of time have crept into our 
working; or to correct misquotations, 
or errors of grammar, are constantly 
met by the alarm-cry, "The Landmarks 
are in danger," in any rectification of 
error which they may advocate. Yet the 
very men who raise this cry will, in per- 
forming the ceremony of the Second 
Degree gravely assure the candidate that 
"Freemasonry is a progressive science." ' 
Gives Weapons to Enemies. 

"We have not space in this article to 
detail the many discrepancies and errors, 
which permeate the ceremony of the 
three degrees, neither need we refer to 
the perpetuation of the abominable pen- 
alty business, further than by saying, the 

Craft puts admirable weapons into the 
hands of its opponents, who are not slow 
to use them, to its manifest disadvantage. 
An American writer has truly said : 
'Our brethren will admit tJiat human 
work can never be perfect, but its crown- 
ing glory is contained m its progressive 
spirit.' All thinking Freemasons deplore 
the fact that the 'progressive spirit' of 
Freemasonry is not more in evidence. 
Non-progression can only have one ulti- 
mate result — the decadence of the insti- 
tution. Litellect will not always good 
humoredly suffer the infliction of tradi- 
tional fairy tales, or be insulted by solici- 
tation to subscribe to barbaric impossi- 
bilities, a reaction must inevitably super- 
vene, when the Craft of Freemasonry 
will have to submit to a forced reforma- 
tion in place of natural progressive de- 
velopment. The initiative remedy lies 
with the older and powerful jurisdictions, 
from whom we have little hope at pres- 
ent. In the meantime we trust prominent 
Masonic writers may be induced to take 
up the question, with the view of bring- 
ing it more generally under the notice 
of members of the Craft. 
— The New Zealand Craftsman. 

The Cynosure heartily concurs with 
the New Zealand Craftsman to the extent 
of regarding the penalty business as 
abominable. We would like to add the 
third point of fellowship business in its 
present extreme form. And we do not 
see why religion must be insisted on in 
Christian countries, with equal insistence 
at the same time on its not being Chris- 
tian. What is the value of the great Ma- 
sonic cr}^ that a Mason must not be an 
atheist, when, at the same time, it is a 
Masonic rule, that, in lodge work a 
Mason must practically be a deist ? Th-ere 
is abundant foundation for the article 
we have copied, and printed in this num- 
ber under the title Interesting Masonic 
Confession, fully as much room as it 
points out to be occupied by Masonic 

Work lies at the bottom of life's suc- 

To live lives of ease is to quench the 
brightness of the stars in our crown. 



September. 1906. 


"The following addresses given at the 
Fort3--third Annual Conclave of Oriental 
Consistory, Chicago, are given in full, 
that the great world of Masonry may 
know something of the grandeur of Scot- 
tish Rite re-unions" says the American 
Tyler from which we quote the last of 
an address by one of the "Princes" there 
assembled : 

'T say that is the assistance that we 
want ; it is the kind of humanity that 
Masonry teaches. We need not go to 
India, but right in our own country, I 
call to mind, during the World's Fair, 
a man came from Texas, the first time 
in his life he ever came to this city, the 
metropolis of the West. The old man, as 
he stepped upon the street car, thought 
he had a hundred or a hundred and 
twenty-five dollars in his pocket, but 
some one, who was not a Mason, had 
put his hand in the old man's pocket 
and took out the pocketbook and every- 
thing that was in it. He was surprised 
to find that he did not even have five 
cents, a stranger in a strange city, a 
strange city to him. Well, what could he 
do? He was in a bad fix. I think all 
of us would say, if we were over in 
Paris, and were on a train, and some- 
body would take w^hat we had, I think 
we would think we were in a bad 
fix. In fact, he must have felt he 
was in as bad a one as the hobo 
in New York, When he wanted to 
go across the river, and met Talmage 
there. He said: 'Would you give me 
a dime; I would like to go across the 
river, and I haven't any friends and I 
haven't any money.' 'Well,' Talmage 
said, 'if one has no friends, and he has 
no money, I don't know — it seems he 
might just as well be on one side of the 
river as the other.' (Laughter.) 

"The old man was blue, he was just 
as blue as I saw a Shriner in Detroit. 
I went with them into Detroit (laughter), 
and this Shriner, you know he got up 
in the morning with a bad taste in his 
mouth ; he had been the night before try- 
ing to paint the town red, and so as a 
result the next day he felt blue, and that 
is the way it was with this old man ; he 
felt very blue, but m his trouble 

and in his distress, 'look here,' he 
said to himself, 'when down in Gal- 
veston, Texas, whenever I could help 
anybody I was ready to do it. I am a 
Mason. I will go up to this Masonic 
Temple,' and then he did and he went 
up to that office where Gil. Barnard is, 
as near heaven as perhaps he ever will 
get. (Great laughter.) He told the 
case to Mr. Barnard, and Prince Bar- 
nard, with his great good heart, said : 
'Can vou come back here in about an 
hour?' and the old man said 'Yes, in- 
deed.' And so Barnard telegraphed 
down to Galveston and he found out that 
he was -an honorable man, and in about 
an hour the old gentleman came in and 
Brother Barnard placed a hundred dol- 
lars into his hands, and then he took his 
hundred dollars and he went on his way 
rejoicing — ^down to the Midway Plais- 
ance. (Laughter.) 

"But, gentlemen, to-night, although we 
have a full house, I feel more or less 
sad, for as I was speaking to our Bro. 
Pettibone a few minutes ago he made the 
remark that about a dozen of our num- 
ber has passed out of this lodge since 
the last » time that we met. They have 
learned their lessons and have gone to 
that great country from whence no man 
ever returns. God, in his knowledge, 
alone knows who will be the next, but I 
just feel like saying that whenever any 
one of us will go, he will find that 

"'The sweetest blossoms grow 
In the land to which we go, 
That the purest waters flow 
In the land to which we go. 
Oh ! the raptures we will know 
In the land to which we go.' 

"Princes, time passes. As Cicero once 
said, 'this life is but an inch long, then 
comes miles of eternity.' Let us, while 
we are here on deck, learn the truths 
and use them. Use or lose, that is the 
law. Let us learn the truths of human- 
ity, mercy and justice, and let us use 
them. 'Eternity o'ersweeps all pains, all 
tears, all time, all fears,' and peals like 
the eternal thunders of the deep into our 
ears this truth. Freemasons we live for- 
ever.' (Applause.)" 

September. 1906. 



Now this is what we need explained: 
if Prince Gil. Barnard is to get no nearer 
heaven, a probability accepted on his be- 
half with ''great laughter/' where, then, 
is he expected to ''live forever"? And if 
Scotch Rite Princes scarcely reach 
heaven where shall Commandery Shrin- 
ers and Blue Lodge men appear? If 
they live forever outside heaven — we sus- 
pend statement awaiting explanation. 

Irom #ur fecl)att0e0» 


An editorial in the Chicago Times- 
Herald of June 3, 1899, is worth re- 
printing at this time. VVe commend the 
call for a revival of the old American 
spirit, which seems to languish as un- 
ionism grows stronger. 

"Germany, like the United States, has 
its walking delegates, and is prepar- 
ing to deal with them by a very drastic 
legislative measure, which has just been 
introduced in the Reichstag. The de- 
tails of this bill have not been received 
with sufficient explicitness to make it 
clear at all points, but this much is plain, 
that it attempts to prevent intimidation 
of non-union workingmen b} the impo- 
sition of heavy penalties, ranging from 
three to five years' imprisonment. 

There are cases in which it is very 
difficult to draw the line between persua- 
sion and intimidation and conspiracy in 
labor squabbles, and it is doubtful if wc 
will ever borrow any legislation from 
Germany on the subject, but it is inter- 
esting to note how universal is the abuse 
of org-anization, and the doctrine of re- 
sistance cannot be insisted upon too vig- 
orously. In this country there should be 
a sufficient protection, for those who are 
wrongfully menaced by strikes and strik- 
ers, in the criminal laws and in the right 
of self-defense. A complacent police 
and magistracy have done much to en- 
courage unlawful acts when the laws 
themselves were severe enough for everv 
case. Prompt arrests and swift and 
stern judgments are the things that arc 
needed to cool the ardor of strikers who 
commit breaches of the peace. 

More independence and courage in the 

assertion of the liberties of the individual 
by the individual are also required, A 
man who is set upon by three or four 
lawless strikers should not hesitate to 
resort to any means within his reach to 
defend himself. It is not demanded ol 
him that he shall reflect carefully on the 
effects of a blow or a bullet. No jury 
could be gotten together und-er the forms 
of law that would punish him for go- 
ing to the last extreme to protect his 
life and his person from liis criminal 

Organization is all very well in its 
place, but it can never authorize crime, 
and it is both an outrage and a peril 
that it should ever be sustauied in evil 
courses by a false sentiment. The best 
endowment for the American working- 
man is a little of the old American spirit, 
which would go much farther than new 
laws to prevent the criminal phases of 

Boycotting a Revival. 

We read in the press reports that or- 
ganized labor is to retaliate for the 
critical utterance of Bishop McCabe at 
the recent session of the New York East 
Conference, and the method of retalia- 
tion is the strangest possible. They in- 
tend to boycott the coming ■Methodist 
revival in Chicago. So utterly unique is 
their proclamation, our curiosity has be- 
come aroused to know just how they in- 
tend to put the ensfines of their destruc- 
tion into operation. We have seen this 
organization move agrainst many foes, 
and studied the line of operation and 
plan of attack ; but when organized labor 
decrees that they will boycott a Alethod- 
ist revival, by no ingenious process of 
mind can we approach a solution of the 
modus operandi. 

Bovcott a revival ! Will oro-anized 
labor march into the church, occupy the 
pews to the exclusion of the good 
church members? We hardly think so, 
for they would thus defeat their own 
end. The evangelist would smile and 
rub his hands. Nothinof better could be 
devised. He would rejoice at the pros- 
pect and forthwith begin a vigorous on- 
slaught upon the first evening. He wo'-' ' 



September, 1906. 

have his crowds without spending a week 
or two blowing one up. 

Do they have in mind to ''picket" the 
revival? Will they intimidate all who 
approach within a certain limit of the 
church? An interesting and most unique 
plot, this. These men would surely hesi- 
tate to array themselves in such fashion 
against the work of the Lord; and about 
the time some fearless church member 
began bombUrding a "picket" with an 
exhortation or to use him as the subject 
for earnest prayer, the obstructionist 
would begin to realize he had no ordin- 
ary foe to cope with and was fighting 
against somethine beside flesh and blooQ. 

Will he refuse to attend the meeting 
and by his absence hope to discourage 
the enterprise? Were this his procedure 
he would put himself in the same class 
with the man who ordered Horace Gree- 
ley to stop the New York Tribune when 
he really meant to have his name taken 
from the subscription roll. The paper 
did not stop. Nor would a revival 
slacken under such a boycott. 

The mystery thickens; we await the 
denouement. Just how they will come 
against the work of the Lord with 
swords and staves is still to be made 
public. In the meantime we hope all 
preparations for a big Methodist revival 
in the city of Chicago will continue, and 
'he first convert may be the ringleader 
)i the proposed opposition. 
— Western Christian Advocate. 


The Supreme Court this morning 
handed down an opinion which will be 
of interest to members of fraternal so- 
cieties. The case in question was that 
of Matilda Johanson vs. Grand Lodge 
of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men of Utah, Wyoming and Idaho, in- 
volving the payment of life insurance. 
The court sustains the judgment of the 
lower court and the insurance must be 

George E. Johanson, according to the 
evidence, joined the fraternal society in 
1903. A year afterwards he was taken 
ill, whereupon the lodge sent him word, 
as is the custom, that his assessments 
for the months of February, March, 
April and May would be advanced and 

paid into the treasury and they would 
be in the nature of a loan to him until 
he was in a position to repay the money. 
Subsequently the lodge reconsidered the 
action and eventually expelled him from 
the lodge on account of delinquent as- 
sessments without notifying the parties 
interested. Two months later Johanson 
sent in cash for all back dues to date and 
was informed that he was no longer a 
member of the organization and his dues 
would not be accepted unless he were 
rci-examined by a physician. Later 
Johanson died and his widow sued the 
order for the insurance. The court < 
found that as Johanson had paid one 
month's dues that had become delinquent 
and that the treasurer of the lodge had 
accepted the same, the societv was liable. 
—Desert News, Jiily 26, 1906. 


A brother from Lancaster, Pa., sends 
us a clipping from a local paper from 
that place containing a directory of se- 
cret societies doing business there. As 
there are oiily 42 secret orders and 89 
lodges named in that directory, we are 
led to ask what the secret order agents 
were doing that they did not succeed in 
organizing a few more. We have rea- 
sons to believe that many cities and 
towns in the United States are even 
worse honey-combed with secret lodges 
than this. x\ few more questions may 
not be out of place. How many men, 
and even women, who should remain at 
home with their families, are wasting 
their nights in these secret loafing places ? 
How many people imbibed false ideas 
of religion through their influence ? How 
many godless men are serving as chap- 
lains, and how many prayers are offered 
by men who have no faith in prayer? 
How much money is spent in maintain- 
ing them? How many people are kept 
away from church because of the great- 
er fascinations of the club room? How 
much money and energy spent in the 
lodge might have been- spent in promot- 
ing the cause of Christ -upon earth had 
these lodges never existed? How much 
foolishness is carried on in these secret 
resorts? How many blood-curdling 
oaths are taken ? What sfood is there in 

September, 190G, 



these lodges anyway that could not be 
found in any well-regulated church? 
What excuse have good people for min- 
gling with the crowds in such places, 
when they know that the Bible is against 
organized secretism, and common de- 
cency is against the hotbed of foolish- 
ness found in many of the lodges ? To 
all whose desire is to live to the glory 
of God, we would say in the language 
of Paul, "And have no fellowship with 
the unfruitful works of darkness, but 
rather reprove them. For it is a shame 
even to speak of those things which are 
done of them in secret." May we all 
be able to say with Christ, "In secret 
have I said nothing." Read Paul's testi- 
mony in II. Cor. 6: 14-18. 

— The Gospel Witness, Scottdale, Pa. 


Ill societies wliere tlie assessments are de- 
pendent on ttie number of deaths, experience 
has shown that as years pass by, the deaths 
increase, and the assessments consequently 
increase. It has been asserted that this in- 
crease of assessments can be cut down by 
continually increasing the number of mem- 
bers. This is true up to a certain point, but 
inasmuch as this increase in numbers adds 
materially to the factor which increases the 
assessment, it is only a question of time when 
the addition of new members will no longer 
keep the assessments from increasing. Any 
one knows that the more deaths there are, 
the more money it takes to pay them, and 
the reason why assessments increase, is be- 
cause as the society increases in age, a 
larger number of men become old and a 
larger number of them consequently die. This 
is the whole problem of the fraternal in- 
surance. There is not one fraternal society 
in the United States to-day, that has its mem- 
bership distributed throughout all the ages, 
for the simple reason that no society is old 
enough to have such a distribution of mem- 
bership. When a society has its membership 
distributed throughout all the ages, and 
maintains a normal increase, then, and not 
before is it in a position to say that the 
assessments, or the amount necessary to pay 
the deaths will not increase. It is the drop- 
ping out by death in increased numbers, of 
the old men, that puts the burden upon the 
societies, and it is because of their increased 
mortality that it is not possible to maintain 
the low rates which the fraternal societies. 
based upon the assessment plan, had in their 
early years. 

If all of those who attain the age of 60 
years, or even 70 years, would drop out by 
other causes than death and their member- 
ship cease, it would be a different thing, but 
when men come to that age they do not 
drop out. If they cannot, themselves, pay the 
cost, their friends pay it for them for the 
simple reason that they know it is only a 
short time when death will occur, and the 
death benefit 'be paid. It is therefore a fool- 
ish thing for any man to join a fraternal 
society upon the supposition that the low cost 
which is held out as an inducement to join 
can be maintained. This might as well be 
understood first as last, and those who want 
protection for their fa^milies can find that 
protection at a more reasonable cost and with 
greater certainty, in an organization that has 
provided for the future as well as the present, 
in such a way that the cost will not increase 
in future years. The only way to prevent the 
cost from increasing in the future years is to 
establish a fund in the early years of the 
society, which will take care of this increas- 
ing cost, and the society which does not estab- 
lish such a fund has but one other resource 
left, and that is to increase the assessments 
upon its members as the society increases. 
The eventual result of such a method must 
inevitably be that the assessments will get 
so large that the members will find them- 
selves unable to pay just at that time of life 
when death draws near. And so, in joining 
A fraternal society, look to the future as well 
as the present, and do not think cheapness 
consists in present and future cost combined. 
— Columbian Herald, copied by Fraternal 

We do not endorse the notion that 
Reserve Fund methods will meet the 
case, yet the statement of the case itself, 
with the reason why fraternal insurance 
cannot be trusted always to insure, is 
well worth copying. It is right in treat- 
ing assessment insurance, even though 
called by so nice a name as fraternal, as 
an ignis fatuus luring its victim into 
financial mire. 

The truest patriot is he who loves God 
first and his countrv second. 

The factory should claim our energy, 
but the fireside demands our love. 

To live in the bloom of perpetual 
vouth let the mind be ever in touch with 
agreeable thoughts. 



September. 1906. 

^ Ctjentietj) Centurp 0Xinisttx 




It was the first of April. Lillys had 
just returned from three days and nights 
of strenuous pleasuring in Conway and 
Park City. She was in the back parlor 
of her home giving a music lesson to her 
youngest pupil. Her unwonted dissipa- 
tion had left Lillys pale and languid, but 
her coronet of fair hair was as fault- 
lessly arranged as ever, and her ]»elaxed 
attitude had all its customary grace. 

Suddenly the doorbell rang. Lillys 
started with a subdued shriek. She said 
afterward that she felt a peculiar signifi- 
cance in that ring, as if the knob had 
been pressed by the finger of Fate. 

She opened the door to encounter Des- 
tiny in no more questionable shape than 
that of a tall, strongly built man. She 
scanned his person with the swift, com- 
prehensive gJance one gives an interest- 
ing stranger, and promptly recognized in 
hmi a new type of manhood. The bronz- 
ed, burly farmer and the wiry man of 
business were types familiar to her from 
childhood ; in Lester she had seen a 
comely specimen of the slender scholar ; 
but here w^as a man substantial but not 
gross in person, with the unmistakable 
air and dress of the urban aristocrat. 

With an elegantly gloved hand he re- 
moved a silk hat and presented an en- 
graved card bearing the name — 

"Wilton Randolph Herrick." 

''Pardon me," he said, courteously, 
"but I think you are Miss Hammond. I 
have come all the way from New York 
City to see you, Miss Hammond ; in 
fact, I was sent here by your father." 

Lillys turned a shade paler, and with 
some agitation invited the stranger in. 
She preceded him into the front parlor 
with her graceful, gliding step, and of- 
fering him an easy chair, herself sat 
down on the sofa, her hands nervously 
locked together on her knees. 

"You have a message for me from my 
father?" she asked in a faltering voice. 

'T have," he said gravely. "May I 
suggest, for your own sake, that it can 

best be delivered privately?" This, in 
allusion to the small pupil, separated 
from them only by a light portiere, who 
was practicing with painful conscien- 

Lillys rose and went to the child. 
"You may finish your lesson to-morrow, 
Helen," she said softly ; and Helen, with 
a scared glance, withdrew at once. . 

"I think,", resumed the stranger, with 
his smooth voice and Eastern accent, "I 
have been so far assured of your filial 
affection to feel certain that the news I 
bring you of your father will be unwel- 
come. At the same time " he paused. 

Lillys' father, released by law from 
marriage bonds to which he had been 
disloyal, had married his partner in guilt 
and gone East five years before. 

In an instant Lillys' quick imagination 
had swept a wide range of possibilities. 

"Is papa ill?" she faltered. 
' If possible the stranger's voice grew 
a shade, softer and more deferential. It 
sounded more ominous than blunter ac- 

"I wouldn't distress yoYi for worlds. 
Miss Hammond. I must confess that I 
am the unhappy bearer of sad news, but 
perhaps I may be allowed to say that 
there are what must be considered — 
mitigations, at least." 

"You puzzle me very much, Mr. Her- 
rick. I was very fond of papa. We 
were always great friends. Please do'n't 
keep me in suspense any longer." 

A tear rolled down either cheek, but 
hei lovely features did not change. Mr. 
Llerrick noted her self-command approv- 
ingly, and added gently : 

"Miss Hammond, your father died a 
fortnight ago of pneumonia. I was with 
him the day before his death. I am- 
or w^as — his man of business. Perhaps 
you can guess now what brings me 

Lillys looked up from her handker- 
chief to give a slight shake of her head. 

"I believe there has been little or no 
communication between your father and 
Yourself since he went East?" 

September, 1906. 



This was true. Mrs. iiammond had 
Vised the most effective means of discour- 
aging her daughters from communicat- 
ing with their father, by assuring them 
that the new ties he had formed must in- 
evitably harden him against the old. 

"You may not have heard, then, that 
he obtained a divorce from his second 
wife two weeks before his death. That 
marriage was without issue ; there- 
fore " he made another of his dra- 
matic pauses. 

Lillys, up to the measure of her op- 
portunities, was a thorough woman of 
the world, but she was by no means 
heartless. She interpreted the pause 
quite differently from the lawyer's ex- 
pectations, but he was not thereby dis- 

"So poor papa was alone wdien — ^when 
the end came ? Oh, if I had known !" 

"Alone except for his nurse. He had 
good care, I believe. He was at the 
Waldorf-Astoria. The end came too 
suddenly to make a change." 

"If I had known," repeated Lillys be- 
hind a froth of Duchesse lace. 

The lawyer marked approvingly the 
exquisite shape of the w^ell-kept hand 
that held the handkerchief. Such grief 
was filial, touching, beautiful ; but it 
was time that it should be assuaged. 

"To make a long story short, my dear 
Miss Hammond, you are the sole heir to 
your father's property, which is consid- 
erably more extensive than when he left 

Mr. Herrick did not think it necessary 
to explain that the increase was due to 
successful race-track gambling. Years 
afterward, having heard the term "book- 
maker" applied to her father, Rosalind 
was wont to declare that he had made 
his fortune as a publisher. 

Mr. Herrick's announcement, instead 
of drying the tears he had evoked, re- 
ceived no answer but an audible sob. 
Lillys retained only self-command 
enough to murmur an apology as she 
hurried from the room. 

All her fine ladyism was gone wdien 
she reached her chamber. She fell on 
her knees beside her bed, clasping and 
unclasping her hands as she sobbed. "O 
papa, papa! Where are you, papa?" 

This piteous query would have tickled 
the lawyer's sense of the ludicrous ; but 
Lillys truly loved her father, and love 
thinketh no evil. The fact that the 
Vvoman for whose sake he had forsaken 
the mother of his children had proven 
false to him blotted out the memory of 
his sin, and invested his deathbed with 
unutterable pathos. 

She was still sobbing silently when 
Rosalind bustled in. 

"Who is that majestic personage sit- 
ting like patience on a monument in the 
front room downstairs, Lil ? And what 
in the name of wonder are you crying 
about? Is he the Prince with the glass 
slipper, and is it too small for you ? It 
won't fit me, either, then, for I wear 
the same number that you do with a 
wider last. Goodness! You ought to 
see your eyes — and your nose! Not all 
the powder in the — magazines — will ever 
whiten that little nose — not to-day, at 
any rate. Can't you speak, Lil? Let me 
go down and stab him !" 

"You may go down and tell him — but 
no ; ■ I can't trust such a rattle-brain as 
you to tell him anything. Please lend 
me 3^our fountain pen." 

P'ive minutes later Rosalind placed in 
Mr. Herrick's hand these lines, whose 
clear, strong chirography almost contra- 
dicted their import : 

"Pardon me if I am too stunned by 
your news to see you again to-day. If 
you are to remain so long, may I trouble 
vou to call to-morrow morning to give 
nie any last messages you may have for 
me from my father?" 

"You probably are not aware, my dear 
young lady," soliloquized the lawyer, as 
he scanned the words, "that my time is 
worth about ten dollars a day. But I 
think, on the whole, it will pav me to 
stay. Kindly tell Miss Hammond," he 
added aloud, "that I will take the liberty 
of calling at — shall I say nine to-morrow 
morning? Meantime. I am entirclv at 
hor service. A telephone call will 'find 
me at the hotel at any time. Good after- 

Rosalind flew upstairs with her an- 
swer. "If this isn't the most mysteri- 
ous ! I suppose he's been begging vou 
to jilt Lester and marrv him." I would, 



iSeptember, 1906. 

if I were 3^ou. No, I think I prefer to 
have him myself. On the whole, though, 
I think he's too old for me. But who is 
he? I am sure he's from the 'effete 
East.' Stalwart specimen for a degener- 
ate, though, isn't he?" 

Rosalind's parrot chatter came to a 
sudden period. To her dismay her sis- 
ter was sobbing again. 

'^'What is it, Lillys? Do tell me. I 
won't make fun." 

''Go aw^ay. You never loved him. 
There is no one to mourn for him but 
me. O papa! papa!" 

However indifferent Mrs. Hammond 
and Rosalind might have been to the 
bare announcement of a death that 
brought no sense of bereavement, the 
fact was invested with appreciable dig- 
nity and solemnity in that it left Lillys 
an heiress. She and her grief became 
objects of profound respect and delicate 
consideration, the more because they 
felt that grief to be in a sense vicarious. 
Mrs. Hammond, as she tenderly bathed 
her daughter's aching head with aromatic 
waters, contemplated with a sharp pang 
the girlish ignorance which could not 
measure the awful chasm that had parted 
her parents' lives and rendered it for- 
ever impossible that the mother should 
mourn him who had once been her hus- 
band as the daughter mourned her fa- 

Rosalind bubbled and sputtered with 
curiosity. Her speculations were not 
without effect in diverting the current 
of Lillys' thoughts; so that when Mr. 
Plerrick returned the next morning she 
was once more sufficiently alive to mun- 
dane conditions to feel a mild interest in 
learning the details of the bequest. 

At once the altered circumstances of 
the family — for Lillys refused to con- 
sider herself apart from her mother and 
sister— raised a thousand questions. 
Foremost, naturally, in Lillys' mind was 
the question of mourning — not the emo- 
tion of grief, but the wearing of black. 
Without consulting the dictates of con- 
vention in such cases, Lillys de- 
cided that the only filial course, as 
well as the only means of, testi- 
fying her gratitude, was to attire herself 
in mourning. Happily, nowadays, she 

reflected, mourning fashions are not so 
appallingly somber and unbecoming as 
they once were. Black would unques- 
tionably heighten the pale ivory and gold 
of her skin and hair. All-black hats, too, 
were very stylish that season, being worn 
by young girls no older than Rosalind. 
That new fabric, silk voile, would lend 
itself charmingly to mourning garb, and 
its soft, clinging folds would admirably 
suit her willowy figure. She must learn 
what other weaves of silk were permissi- 
ble wear for the bereaved. There were 
many ramifications of the main question 
which would doubtless require serious 
study and effort for some weeks. 

Another problem, of less immediate 
importance, but of further-reaching 
scope, was that of the family's future. 
With equal promptness, Lillys announc- 
ed her decision on this point : 

'The first thing, and the only thing 
for the present, is to spend a year abroad. 
It will be equal to a college education 
for us girls. We must give the board- 
ers a month's notice, and get to work 
as soon as possible on our wardrobes. In 
six weeks We ought to have things in 
readine&s to leave. I shall turn my music 
pupils over to Miss Guthrie, who will 
be only too glad to get them. Rosalind 
w^ill, of course, leave school at once and 
we will set to work immediately on our 
preparations to leave." 

"But after the year abroad?" asked 
Rosalind, with the restless eagerness of 
youth, ''where shall we live then?" 

"We shall want to go further East, of 
course. I really can't tell whether I 
siiould prefer New York or Chicago." 

Herrick, whose wider travel and ex- 
perience admirably fitted him to advise in 
their uncertainties, but who had hither- 
to oifered his advice with such delicacy 
and sympathetic understanding that Lil- 
lys' pride could not take offense, respect- 
fully urged the claims of New York. 
If they settled there, it might be possi- 
ble for him to serve them ; he knew the 
city, had some little influence, perhaps — 
some standing in society. 

It may be that Lillys detected an un- 
due fervor in this offer of assistance; it 
may be that her high spirit resented an 
implied sense of patronage. At all 
events, she answered coldly : 

September, 1906. 



"Thank you, Mr. Herrick, but there is 
really no occasion to decide until we re- 
turn from Europe." 

Shortly after this, the lawyer, reflect- 
ing: that the strictly legal part of his busi- 
ness was concluded, and that he had 
squandered three precious days in a 
ridiculously insignificant Western town, 
returned to Gotham. 

Before his departure, however, Lillys 
relented a little, thanked him gracefully 
for a kindness far beyond the require- 
ments of the case, and acknowledged her 
indebtedness for his advice and assist- 
ance. The management of her fortune 
she was content to leave in his hands, 
and she had no doubt her confidence 
would be rewarded as her father's had 

Her eyes filled at the mention of her 
father, and the rose-leaf color fluttered 
in her cheeks. 

"Her father was a low-lived cur/' 
mused the lawyer, "but that does not 
alter the fact that a devoted daughter 
makes a devoted wife." 

But what of Lester? A week had 
passed since his midnight parting from 
his betrothed. A pile of letters in his 
somewhat erratic hand lay on Lillys desk 
unopened. One morning came a long- 
distance call, which was answered by 
her mother. 

"Oh, no, Mr. Galbraith, Lillys isn't 
sick. She and Rosalind have been spend- 
ing three days in Omaha. I expect them 
home to-night. We've all been dread- 
fully upset. 

"What? No, nothing wrong, certainly 
not. Lillys has been almost too busy and 
tired to live, and it was a great shock 
to her feelings, too; but then, she'll get 
over it. 

"Dear me, you say she hasn't written 
you a word? Well, of course, you ought 
to know, and she can't blame me for 
telling you. The fact is, her father has 
just died and left her a fortune." 

That night when the two sisters re- 
turned from their orgy of shopping- 
limited to the "absolute necessities," for 
the greater part of their wardrobes was 
to be purchased in Chicago and New 
\'ork, besides, of course, such things as 
they would naturally get abroad — Lillys 

found another letter from Lester added 
to the pile. It bore a special delivery 
stamp, and Lillys, awed by this fact, 
opened it with some trepidation. 

"Dearest," it read, "I am wild with 
delight at your good fortune. No one 
is so fitted to adorn wealth as you. I 
have dreamed of the time when I might 

give you diamonds, and now ! Who 

so suited as you to shine in the highest 
society of the land? Your beauty can 
iiave no rival. You will have the world 
at your feet. I lack words to congratu- 
late you. 

"Only one thing troubles me. I can 
see no place for me in this brilliant 
scheme. I am not fit even to be the al- 
moner of your benefactions. I have not 
the business training to manage your 
charities. I would strive to learn; but 
you could easily purchase better serv- 

•'1 fear I have no right to a place in 
the world to which you now belong. You 
are far too rich to prize any gift of mine 
now, but there is one, at least, which I 
venture to offer you— your freedom. 
This I do with the warmest wishes for 
your happiness. 

"Ever yours devotedly, 


Lillys' anxious countenance relaxed as 
she read this brief epistle. She had real- 
ly forgotten Lester. It had been awk- 
ward to have him recalled to her mem- 
ory. His letter offered a simple and 
beautiful solution to her chief perplex- 
ity. How considerate he had been — how 
truly sensible! How supremely essen- 
tial it is that a man should be a gentle- 
man! It was the thorough gentlemanli- 
ness of Lester's behavior that chiefly im- 
pressed her. 

She turned at once to her desk and 
wrote a brief reply, gratefully accept- 
ing the ofifered release. She' realized 
now, she said frankly, that she loved the 
vs^orld too well to make a good minister's 

As she folded her letter, she paused 
thoughtfully and took out the new check 
book which represented the earnest of 
her inheritance. A postscript to her note 
informed Lester that the inclosed check 
for one hundred dollars was for the new 



;September, 1906. 

church organ which she knew he had 
been hoping to purchase. 


Lester took Lihys' note from the office 
with hands that trembled with joyful 
eagerness. How kind she had been to 
relieve his suspense so promptly! Not 
that he had really doubted her for a mo- 
ment. He counted her love as his own 
— a love whose language was : 

"Intreat me not to leave thee and to 
return from following after thee; for 
whither thou goest I will go, and where 
thou lodgest I will lodge; thy people 
shall be my people and thy God my God ; 
where thou diest will I die, and there 
will I be buried ; the Lord do so to me 
and more also, if aught but death part 
thee and me." 

]n his dingy study he read the coldly 
courteous words with paling cheeks and 
stunned senses. Did it mean — that ? He 
had never dreamed that she would take 
him at his word. She wanted to go 
abroad, of course; that was natural and 
right. It was just what he would have 
suggested. She was going away for a 

year — and then — and then His mind, 

refused to face a future without Lillys. 
He knew now that Heaven itself was a 
vague dream beside the strong, bright, 
present hope of possessing Lillys. In 
two months she was to have been his 
wife. Two months! Past and present, 
time and eternity, mingled in confound- 
ing shock. 

His brain reeled. He cried aloud in 
agony. Even now, her receding image 
was his only hope. The divinity on whom 
he called was not God, but Lillys. He 
paced his room clutching her letter and 
uttering her name in hoarse, broken 

Almost the sole adornment of the 
shabby room was her picture. He caught 
up his favorite likeness of her and 
brushed the film from his burning eyes, 
to study it. It was herself. She was 
there with him. He would never let her 

But this delusion could not cheat him 
long. He took up again the letter, which 
he had flung down. He had misread it; 
he v/ould read it again. The postscript 

and the check, which he had overlooked, 
turned the current of his thoughts. The 
check lay unfolded on the floor, face up- 
ward. It seemed to hypnotize him. At 
last his lip curled. He seized the shovel, 
lifted the check upon it, and opened the 
stove door to thrust it in. Then he 
paused with a short laugh. 

'Tt belongs to the church," he said 
aloud ; "I have no right to rob the 

At once he rose, and putting on his 
hat, hurried to the Citizens' National 
Bank. The assistant cashier was the 
church treasurer. 

(To be continued.) 

What! Not Charge for the Three De- 

An edict issued by members of the 
Tripilite Council of the Grand Council 
of Rites of Scotland, and signed by the 
sovereign grand master, the grand chan- 
cellor and the grand secretary general, 
was dated March 23 at Kilmarnock, 
Scotland. The edict was intended to de- 
prive D. Wilson of Roxbury, Mass., U. 
S. A., of authority to institute Masonic 
lodges. The reason appears to have been 
complaint that he offered to confer three 
degrees free of charge. His method of 
establishing lodges has, in time past, 
been complained of, and last November 
the postal authorities denied him the use 
of the mails. Upon hearing of the edict 
of the Tripilite Council he declared that 
it had no right to revoke his power, and 
asserted that he had a charter giving him 
supreme power in this country, which 
could not be revoked. 

The morning sacrifice marked the be- 
ginning of the Jewish day ; let it be so 
with the morning of life. 

When we steal from God that which 
belongs to him our own burdens are in- 
creased in proportion to our theft. 

A blissful old age awaits him who has 
lived in the atmosphere of constant love. 

The jobber and the grafter should 
keep an eye on the hereafter. 

standard Works 


Secret Societies 


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Revised Rebekah Ritual (Illus- 

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taken from the columns of the Christian Cynosure 
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.Vtinn., a very excellent Christian gentleman, and a 
seceder for conscience sake from this order. 


231 W. Ifadisou Street, CHICAGO, IUm 

mmm college 


"THIS school, as most of the Cynosure readers know, 
stands for character training first of all. It seeks to 
raise up brave, earnest Christian men and women who shall 
favor all that is good and oppose all that is evil, and do both 
openly. Do you wish your children to be such men and 


on beautiful grounds are the home of the College. The 
location is healthful, quiet in the country yet near Chicago 
so that lectures, concerts, museums, laboratories and other 
advantages can be secured if desired. 


are legalized in Wheaton. No one is solicited to evil by its 
open and lawful existence. Men are encouraged to go ri^ht. 


furnish an excellent preparation for professional study and 
business life. 


furnish a good foundation for work as missionaries for the 
American Sunday School Union, etc. 

Homes in Wheaton for parents who wish to be with 
their children while studying. 


Charles A. Blanchard 

Prominent Pastor of Free Methodist Church 

One of the first to sugrgrest the orBranization of the National 

Christian Association, one of the first corporate members. 

and a member of the first Boar.1 of Directors. 



Managing Editor 
221 West Madison Street, Chicago 


PRICE — Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on trial, 
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Hod Versus Wheelbarrow 161 

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Terrible Secret Society 162 

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An Honest Mason's Declaration 166 

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''.!e:;ii;'i uuswered him, — I spake openly to the wurld; aud in secret li;i\i' i said iiolliin;;." Ji'iia 18:20. 





Will meet in Pella, Marion County, on 
Monday and Tuesday, October 22d and 
23d, 1906. 

Pella is on the Chicago, Rock Island and 
Pacific Railroad, seventeen miles from Os- 
kaloosa and forty-seven miles from Des 


Will meet in Berne, Adams County, In- 
diana, on October 29th and 30th, 1906. 
Berne is on the Grand Rapids and Indiana 
Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad. 
It is twelve miles from Decatur, thirty- 
three miles from Port Wayne, and fifty- 
eig-ht miles from Richmond. 


The annual session of the Massachu- 
setts Grand Council of the Royal Arca- 
num, convened at the American House 
in Boston, heard the report of the Grand 
Secretary that five councils had surren- 
dered their charters since the last an- 
nual meeting, and the net loss of mem- 
bers had been 4,540. The same day the 
Grand Council of the Royal Arcanum of 
Rhode Island received the report of a 
net loss of 5,640. The discussion of 
rates probably did much to cause this 
great net loss of membership. 

Hudson County Courthouse. 

The new courthouse in Jersev 
has been the occasion of a strike 
what appears to be a cardinal union prin- 
ciple. Hod carriers struck because a 
rule of their union forbade 



brick or concrete in anything besides 
hods. The contractors had ordered car- 
rying concrete for the foundation in 

The foreman explained that to carry 
concrete in hods instead of wheelbarrows 
would take too long; but to waste time 
and prolong the job for union members 
appears to have been wdiat the walking 
delegate wanted, or at least what the 
rule of his secret society in this case de- 
manded. Hence the strike was ordered, 
the men quit w^ork, and their places were 
filled by Italians, who were free to earn 
their living. A paper writing on this 
case of strike on a public contract sharp- 
ly comments by saying : "The great 
closed-shop union principle was at stake, 
that a man must do as little as possible 
for the pay he gets, and that the job 
must be made to last as long as possi- 


An Old Soldier Fights as an American 

Citizen for American Principles 

and Freedom. 

General Harrison Gray Otis paid 
those who worked on his California 
newspaper, the Los Angeles Times, the 
highest wages for the most liberal hours, 
but would not surrender the control of 
his biisiness to the Typographical Un- 
ion. The union declared war against the 
Times for this reason, boycotts were pro- 
claimed against it, and the heads of otlier 
unions caUed upon their memhcr'^ to re- 
fuse to buy the paper or adverhse :n '.t. 
Various trade unions threatened nuT- 


chants \Ath loss of patronage 
advertised in the Times. The 
Deal alleges that $40,000 were appro- 
priated each year for several \-cars to 
fight the newspaper. This, of course, 


Clllil8'riA.N CYXOSUKE. 

October, 1906. 

was quite an addition to trade union ex- 

General Otis meantime kept up a sol- 
dier's fight, wasting no powder in blank 
cartridges and giving the enemy no 
quarter. He who had fought as an 
American soldier was at home when 
fighting as an American citizen for 
American principles and American free- 

Tlie -really American people rallied and 
reinforced his ranks, and a recent com- 
parison shows that, while the two larg;- 
est metropolitan journals each printed 
in May more than double the amount 
of paid advertising of any other New 
York newspaper, the Los Angeles Times 
printed in the same month 400,000 lines 
more than either, or 1,424,100 agate lines 
of paid matter of all descriptions. No 
other new^spaper in the American Union 
prints so much advertising matter as that 
newspaper, which an American general 
has led in this battle for American free- 
dom against alien tyranny. The victory 
is the more glorious because it is won 
where fairness on the American side in- 
cludes the larger pay and more liberal 
hours, together with liberty to labor in 
those hours and for those wages. 


A Newly Formed Serpentine Order Spits 


Another secret order has been formed to 
which Ave call the attention of the Anti- 
Secret Society, led by the Dog-Star magazine 
known as "The Christian Cynosure," of Chi- 
cago. Of all the secret organizations in e;s:ist- 
ence this must be the worst and most poison- 
ous, as it embraces all of the. most deadly 
poisonous seri>ents known to man. It should 
"he suppressed 'by the strbng arm of the 
law." The first "den" was formed in this 
fity in the recrecy of the home of its origina- 
tor and may extend its destructive poison all 
over the land. We unite with the "Cynosure" 
in demanding that the United States govern- 
ment order a detachment of the army to at 
once invest the stronghold of this treasonable 
order and arrest every mother's son of them 
before they succeed in spreading further than 
this "doomed city." Here is what a local 
paper of Colum'bus says of it, giving names 
of officers, and we advance in solid phalanx 
to the assistance of the Anti-Secret Asso- 
ciation's organ in an effort to "scotch it" 
while it is weak and helpless : 

"Each memiber of the organization is known 
by the name of a snake, nearly all the dif- 
ferent species of that tribe having been ex- 
hausted in the membership of the club. The 
election of officers resulted as follows : 

"Boa constrictor, August Storck ; garter 
snake, Louis Landerfelt ; rattle snake, x^lbert 
Weitzel ; water snake, Albert Kessler ; cop- 
per head, W. W. Conklin ; blacksnake, Emil 
Stutz ; python, Dr. Schauweker ; asp, Peter 
Miller ; cotora, W. M. Weitzel ; milk snake, 
Ed. Dolby ; grass snake, .James Hartman ; 
blue racer, Carl Kunzi. 

"Each name applies to the position or office 
held by the person to whom it is affixed, read- 
ing from president down. 

"In speaking of the event, one of the mem- 
bers of the club stated that 'the snakes sneak- 
ed to their holes in the early hours of the 
morning to meet again at other snakes' 

"The organization is knoAvn as 'The Snake 
Hunters.' " 

The originator and organizer of this ter- 
ribly diabolical affair is a man named August 
Storck, a name suggestive in itself, who is 
agent of a 'brewing company, and the meet- 
ing was held within the secret recesses of 
h'is home, where an elaborate luncheon was 
served by. him. 

A short time ago the Cynosure discovered 
a terrible secret order whose officers had 
canine names, such as Bull Dog, Hound, Fice, 
etc., and annihilated it with one swoop^ lest 
its terrible rabies should spread over the 
world, and it is hoped for the good of man- 
kind that it will succeed in suppressing this 
latest effervescent effort to poison the people 
and subvert the government. — Oda Fellow 

Did you hope, Brother ThreeHnks, by 
dragging us into such a nest of serpents 
to make us share the fate of Laocoon? 
Anxiously we have searched in a pile 
of back numbers to see what the Cyno- 
sure had said about dogs. In August, 
1904, "The Noble Order of Dogs" is 
mentioned by a contributor, but we fail 
to find a hound or a fice, whatever that 
may be. The bull dog, however, is there. 
How the Companion can "unite with the 
Cynosure m demanding that the United 
States government order" a detachment of 
the army" is not quite clear. The Cyno- 
sure isn't a joiner and it has issued no 
call for troops to bayonet snakes, dogs or 
any Odd thing. 

Tastes differ, and there may be a man 
who is flattered by being called a dog, 

October. 1906. 



there surely are dogs who would be 'dis- 
graced by being named for some men. 

We take it that the Boa Constrictor 
leads the dance, that the rattlesnake is 
lecturer, the water snake bottle washer 
and waiter, and some other titles might 
be suggestive. As the originator of this 
new noble order is a brewer, some place 
or title ought to be given to the Worm 
of the Still or its representative. We 
suggest that the candidate might be called 
a Hooded snake. 

By the way, we believe our correspond- 
ent raised the question whether there 
would be a female order of Adoptive 

The Mormon Bible on Secret Societies. 

''Yea, to that being who beguiled our 
first parents; who trans formeth himself 
nigh unto an angel of light, and stirreth 
up the children of men unto secret com- 
binations of murder, and all iuanner of 
secret works of darkness/' — Second Book 
of Nephi, Chap. VI., v. 3 (p. 71). 

"And there are also secret combina- 
tions, even as in times of old, according 
to the combinations of the devil, for he is 
the foundation of all these things ; yea, 
the foundation of murder, and works of 
darkness ; yea, and he leadeth them by 
the neck with a flaxen cord ( cable-to vv), 
until he bindeth them with his strong 
cords for ever." 

''For behold, my beloved brethren, I 
say unto you, that the Lord God worketh 
not in darkness. He doeth not anything 
save it be for the benefit of the world , 
for He loveth the world, even that he 
layeth down his own life, that he mav 
draw all men to him." — Second Book of 
Nephi, Chap. XL, vv. 14-15 (p. 98). 

"There is nothing which is secret, save 
it shall be revealed ; there is no work of 
darkness, save it shall be made manifest 
in the light; and there is nothing which 
is sealed upon the earth, save it shall be 
loosed. Wherefore all things which have 
been revealed unto the children of men, 
shall at that day be revealed ; and Satan 
shall have power over the hearts of th^ 
children of men no more, for a long 

*Note: This book of Mormon is published by 
the "Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter 
Day Saints," Lamoni, Iowa, 1902. 

time. And now, my beloved brethren, I 

make an end of my sayings." — Second 

Book of Nephi, Chap. XH., v. 14 (p. 

"And now, my son, I command you 
that ye retain all their oaths, and their 
covenants, and their agreements in thcrr 
secret abominations; yea, and all their 
signs and their wonders ye shall retain 
from this people, that they know them net, 
lest peradventure they should fall into 
darkness also, and be destroyed. For be- 
hold, there is a curse upon all this land, 
that destruction shall come upon all those 
workers of darkness, according to the 
power of God, when they are fully ripe ; 
therefore, I desire that this people might 
b'^ destroyed. Therefore ye shall keep 
these secret plans of their oaths and their 
covenants from this people, and only their 
wickedness, and their murders, and their 
abominations, shall ye make known unto 
them; and ye shall teach them to abhor 
such wickedness, and abomination and 
murders ; and ye shall also teach them, 
that these people were destroyed on ac- 
count of their wickedness and abomina- 
tions, and their murders. For behold, 
they murdered all the prophets of the 
Lord who came among them to declare 
unto them concerning their iniquities." — 
Book of Alma, Chap. XVK., v. 10 (p. 

"And now, my son, remember the 
words which I have spoken unto you : 
trust not those secret plans unto this 
people, but teach . them an everlasting 
hatred against sin and iniquity." — Book 
of Alma, Chap. XVH., v. 11 (p. 306). 

"And now it came to pass, that when 
the Lamanites found that there were rob- 
bers among them, they were exceeding 
sorrowful; and they did use every means 
in their power, to destroy them from the 
face of the earth. But behold, Satan did 
stir up the hearts of the more part of 
the Nephites, insomuch that they did 
unite with those bands of robbers, and 
did enter into their covenants, and their 
oaths, that they would protect and pre- 
serve one another, in whatsoever difficult 
circumstances they should be placed, that 
they should not suffer for their murders, 
and their plunderings, and their steal- 



October. 1906. 

■"And it came to pass that they did 
have their sig"ns ; yea. their secret signs, 
and their secret zcords; and this that they 
mijs^ht distinguish a brother who had en- 
tered into the covenant, that whatsoever 
wickedness this brother should do, he 
should not be injured by his brother, mr 
iDy those who did belong to his band, 
^vho had taken this covenant ; and thus 
they might murder, and plunder, and 
steal, and commit whoredoms, and all 
manner of wickedness, contrary to the 
laws of their country and also the laws of 
their God ; and whosoever of those who 
belonged to their band, should reveal 
unto the world of their wickedness and 
their abominations, should be tried, not 
according to the laws of their country, 
but according to the laws of their wick- 
edness, which had been given by Gadian- 
ton and Kishkumen. Now behold, it i. 
these secret oaths and covenants, which 
Alma commanded his son should not go 
forth unto the world, lest they should be 
the means of bringing down the people 
unto destruction. Now behold, these secret 
oaths and covenants did not come forth 
unto Gadianton from the records which 
were delivered unto Helaman ; but behold, 
they were put into the heart of Gadian- 
ton bv that same thing who did entice 
our first parents to partake of the for- 
bidden fruit ; yea, that same being who 
did plot with Cain, that if he would mu^' ■ 
der his brother Abel, it should not be 
known to the world. And he did plot 
with Cain and his followers, from that 
time forth. And also *it is that same be- 
ing who put it into the hearts of the 
people to build a tower sufficiently high 
that they might get to heaven. And it 
was that same being who led on the peo- 
ple who came from that tower, into this 
land; who spread the works of darkness 
and abominations over all the face of the 
land, until he dragged the people down 
to an entire destruction, and to an ever- 
lasting hell; yea, it is that same beint^ 
who put it into the heart of Gadianton 
to still carry on the work of darkness, 
and of secret murder ; and he has brought 
it forth from the beginning of man, even 
down to this time. And behold, it is he 
who is the author of all sin. And be- 
hold, he doth carrv on his works of 

darkness and secret murder, and doth 
hand down their plots, and their oaths, 
and their covenants, and their plans of 
awful wickedness, from generation to 
generation, according as he can get hold 
upon the hearts of the children of men. 
And now behold, he had got great hold 
upon the hearts of the Nephites ; yea, 
insomuch that they had become exceed- 
ing wicked; yea, the more part of them 
had turned out of the way of righteous- 
ness, and did trample under their feet 
the commandments of God, and did turn 
unto their own ways, and did build up. 
unto themselves idols of their ^old and 
their silver." — Book of Helaman, Chap. 
IL, vv. 29-30 (pp. 394, 395, 396). 

"And when they had hanged him until 
he was dead, they did fell the tree to the 
earth, and did cry with a loud voice. 
saying, May the Lord preserve his peo- 
ple in righteousness and in holiness of 
heart, that they may cause to be felled to 
the earth all who shall seek to slay them 
because of power and secret combina- 

''And ,now it came to pass that when 
thev had taken all the robbers prisoners, 
insomuch that none did escape who weie 
not slain, they did cast their prisoners 
into prison, and did cause the word of 
God to be preached unto them ; and as 
many as would repent of their sins and 
enter into a covenant that they woulc 
murder no more, were set at liberty; * 
* * and thus did they i)ut an end to 
all those wicked, and secret, and abomin- 
able combinations, in the which there was 
so mxUch wickedness, and so many mur- 
ders committed." — Book of Nephi, Chap. 
IL, vv. lo-ii (pp. 430-431). 

''Lawyers and the high priests Jid 
gather themselves together, and unite 
with kindreds of those judges who were 
to be tried according to the law ; and they 
did enter into a covenant one with an- 
other; vea, even into that. covenant whic^- 
was given by them of old, which cove- 
nant was given and administered by the 
devil, to combine against all righteous- 
ness; therefore, they did combine againcl 
the people of the Lord, and entered into 
a covenant to destroy them, and to de- 
liver those who were guilty of murder 
from the grasp of justice, which wa^ 

October, 1906. 



about to be administered according to the 
law. And tliey did set at defiance tiic 
law and the rights of their country ; and 
they did covenant one with another to 
destroy the governor, and to estabhsh m 
king over the land, that the land should 
no more be at liberty, but should be sub- 
ject unto kings." 

"Xow this secret combination whijli 
had brought so great iniquity upon the 
people, did gather themselves together, 
and did place at their head a man whom 
they did call Jacob : and they did call 
him their king ; therefore he became a 
king over this wicked band; and he was 
one of the chiefest who had given hir- 
voice against the prophets who testified 
of Jesus." — Book of Xephi, Chap. III., 
vv. 4-5 (PP- 434-435)- 

''And behold, that great city Jacobu- 
gath, which was inhabited by the people 
of the king of Jacob, have I caused to be 
burned with fire, because of their sins 
and their wickedness, which was above 
all the wickedness of the whole earili, 
because of their secret murders and coni- 
binations; for it was they that did destroy 
the peace of my people and the govern- 
ment of the land : therefore I did cause 
them to be burned, to destroy them from 
before mv face, that the blood of the 
prophets and the saints should not comr 
up unto me any more against them." — 
Book of Xephi, Chap. R\, v. / (p. 440). 

''And again it is written. Thou shah 
not forswear thyself, but shalt perform 
unto the Lord thine oaths. But verily 
■ erily. I say unto you, Swear not at ail : 
neither by heaven for it is God's throne ; 
nor bv earth, for it is His footstool : 
neither shalt thou swear by the head, be- 
cause thou canst not make one hair black 
or white; but let your communication 
be yea, yea ; nay, nay ; for whatsoever 
Cometh of more than these are evil." — 
Book of X^ephi, Chap. \\, v. 11 (p. 447). 

"And thus commandeth the Father that 
I should sav unto you at that day when 
the Gentiles shall sin against my gospel, 
and shall be lifted up in the pride of 
their hearts above all nations, and above 
ail the people of the whole earth, and 
stiall be filled with all manner of lyings, 
and of deceits, and of mischiefs, and all 
manner of hypocrisy, and murders, and 

priestcrafts, and whoredoms, and of 
secret abominations ; and if they shall do 
all those things, and shall reject the full 
ness of my gospel. Behold, sayeth the 
Father, I will bring the fullness of my 
gospel from among them." — Book of 
Xephi, Chap. ML. v. 4 (p. 453). 

"And it shall come in a day when the 
blood of the saint shall cry unto ii-e 
Lord, because of secret combinations and 
the zvorks of darkiies.:; vea, it shall come 
in a da>- when the power of God shall 
be denied, and churches become defiled, 
and shall be lifted up in the pride of 
their hearts." — Book of Mormon, Chap. 
IV., V. 3 (p. 496). 

"Yea, why do you build up your secret 
aboniinations to get gain, and cause that 
widows should mourn before the Lord, 
and also orphans to mourn before the 
Lord ; and also the blood of their fathers 
and their husbands to cry unto the Lord 
from the ground, for vengeance upon 
your heads ? Behold the sword of ven 
geance hangeth over you , and the time 
soon cometh that he avengeth the blood 
of the saints upon you, for he will not 
sufifer their cries any longer." — Book of 
]^Iormon, Chap. 1\ ., v. 4 (p. 497). 

''And it came to pass that they formed 
a secret combination, even as they of old;. 
which combination is most abominable 
and wicked above all, in the sight of God ; 
for the Lord z^'orketh not in secret cojn- 
binations, neither doth he will that man 
should shed blood, but in all things hath 
forbidden it, from the beginning of man." 

"\Mierefore the Lord commandetn 
you, when ye shall see these things come 
among you, that ye shall azcakc to a 
sense of \our awful situation, because of 
this secret combination zi'hich shall be 
among yon, or zcoe be unto it, because of 
the blood of them who have been slain ; 
for they cry from the dust for vengeance 
upon it. and also upon those who build 
it up. For it cometh to pass that whoso 
buildeth it up, seeketh to overthrow the 
freedom of all lands, nations and coun- 
tries ; and it bringeth to pass the destruc- 
tion of all people, for it is built up by the 
devil, who is the father of all lies : even 
that same liar who beguiled our first 
parents ; yea. even that same liar who 
hath caused man to commit murder from 



October, 1906. 

the beginning; who hath hardened the 
hearts of men, that they have murdered 
the prophets, and stoned them, and cast 
them out from the beginning. Where- 
fore I. Moroni, am commanded to write 
these things, that evil ma)^ be done away, 
and that the time may come that Satan 
may have no more power upon the hearts 
of the children of men." — Book of Ether, 
Chap. III., vv. 12-13 (p. 515). 


Public Declaration Concerning Masonry. 

One of the great difficulties in the fight 
against Masonry's religion is, that the 
American Masons always deny the anti- 
christian, yea, even the unchristian char- 
acter of Masonry, so that many, who have 
not studied the matter independently, nat- 
urally think, that Masons must be more 
reliable in this matter than those who 
are not Masons, as they do not know, 
and — if they hear it — hardly can believe, 
that moral Masons have promised under 
such terrible oaths to keep the truth se- 
cret. Many Masons are honest, when 
they say, that Masonry is not unchris- 
tion, as they have not studied the history, 
principles and management of the order, 
and however much such are at fault in 
remaining in an order so severely accused 
by the Christian church without exam- 
ining the accusations, one must still ad- 
mit, that they do not speak from evil 
purpose but from ignorance. There may 
therefore be Masons who are honest 
Christians even if it is to us, who have 
come from another view of Masonry's 
religious relations, unfathomable, that a 
Christian merely can pass the ceremonies 
in the third and seventh degrees with- 
out having his eyes opened. 

Masons, who both know the principles 
of their order and are honest, are how- 
ever bound and then one of two things 
happens, they either give up the one 
religion or the other, as the impossibil- 
ity of harmonizing the Christian's faith 
in grace, with the Mason's faith in sal- 
vation through good works, will be re- 
vealed to them. In Norway and in 
other parts of Northern Europe in gen- 

eral, where Christ's name is still used in 
Masonry, — although there also in these 
lands of late is a struggle for and against 
the right of using Christ's name in Mas- 
onry — many find it difficult to see the in- 
consistency. In America Masons are very 
careful, they even sometimes allow the 
use of the name of Christ in free prayers, 
while it is avoided in ritual prayers and 
even in passages, that in the Bible have 
the name of Christ. In so far they have 
not uncovered themselves as publicly as 
th^ Odd Fellows, whose Sovereign Grand 
Lodge in St. Louis refused to overrule, 
the Grand Sire's decision, that the name 
of Christ was not allowed to be used in 
lodge meetings. 

But the greatest authority on this ques- 
tion is undoubtedly the learned Mason, 
Albert G.' Mackey, M. D., Masonry's 
famous spokesman, author of ''Lexicon 
of Freemasonry," "A Text-book of Ma- 
sonic Jurisprudence," ''Symbolism of 
Freemasonry," and "Encyclopaedia of 
Freemasonry," in which latter work, 
which lies before me, we find on pages 
639 and 640 the followmg plain state- 
ments : "There has been a needless ex- 
penditure of ingenuity and talent, by a 
large number of Masonic orators and 
essayists, in the endeavor to prove that 
Masonry is not religion. ... I am 
not disposed to yield, on the subject of 
the religious character of Masonry, quite 
so much as has been yielded by more 
timid brethren. On the contrary, I con- 
tend, without any sort of hesitation, that 
Masonry is, in every sense of the word, 
except one, and that its least philosoph- 
ical, an eminently religious institution— 
that it is indebted solely to the religious 
element which it contains for its origin 
and for its continued existence, and that 
without this religious element it would 
scarcely be worthy of cultivation by the 
wise and good." (The words in italic 
are italicised by the writer.) 

When this great authority on Masonry 
says, that Masonry without its religion 
is scarcely of any value, must not then 
the Christian seriously consider, what 
kind of religion this is, ere he by fear- 
ful oaths binds hirnself to allegiance to 
it. We need no other witness against the 
religion of Masonry, than the fact that the 

October, 190G. 



enemies of the cross of Christ can 
just as well partake of and be faithful to 
the religion of Masonry as the believers 
in the cross of Christ. That a religion 
on which Unitarian and Trinitarian, 
Christian and Mohammedan, Jew and Gen- 
tile, Catholic and Protestant can agree 
is not a Christian religion — does that 
need any argumentation? A religion 
does not become Christian by accepting 
''God, virtue and immortality," for that 
is accepted by almost all religions even 
the most anti-Chri-stian. When Masonry 
declares that the Bible and Koran are 
on an equal footing as a part of the 
''furniture" of a lodge, and that the Ko- 
ran (to further quote Mackey verbally) 
can "take the place on the altar which is 
■occupied in Christian lodges by the 
Bible," and when we see, that Masons 
decorate themselves with the crescent, 
which is the symbol of that form of in- 
fidelity, which drove the cross from 
North Africa, what more witnesses do 
we then need? Still — there are those 
that seem blind in this respect, where- 
fore a word from a prominent, living Ma- 
son is proper. It will have no efifect on 
those, who at all costs will defend their 
remaining in Masonry for benefit's sake, 
but it may awaken those, who earnestly 
say in their hearts — "As soon, O God, 
as thou dost reveal to me, that Masonry 
is unfit for a Christian, I will leave all 
and follow Jesus." 

In the "Official Report of the 13th 
Universal Peace Congress held at Bos- 
ton, Mass., U. S. A., October 3d to 8th, 
1904," which also lies before me, we find 
on page 215 a characteristic saying by 
a French Mason. The French Masons 
are unusually honest. They admit, that 
their struggle against the Catholic 
Church in France is a struggle against 
all Christian religion. It was largely on 
account -of this struggle that the Pope 
forbade Catholics to join Masonry, while 
Masonry did not forbid Catholics to en- 
ter. Many say, that American Masons 
are not responsible for the acts and faith 
of French Masons. That would be the 
case, if they separated from them and 
witnessed against them. Thus, for in- 
stance, the Lutheran Church of America 
■cannot be blamed for the doings of Euro- 

pean so-called Lutherans like Harnack, 
against whom the\' take a stand, whom 
they warn against and with whose 
church they have no organic connection. 
The American — and also Scandinavian — 
Masons on the other hand have organic 
and brotherly connection with French 
Masons, and they have not taken a stand 
against them in any way. The spirit 
of Masonry is the same through all 

This Frenchman, who represented 
France at above mentioned conference, 
said : "There are two points in Mrs. 
Mead's resolutions that are specially re- 
ligious in tone, that is to say. Christian. 
Well, I do not object to those in any 
way, but I point out to you that the 
peace movement is also a 'free-thought' 
movement and a Masonic movement, 
and that while not objecting to any Chris- 
tian sentiment that may be expressed, 
I want it to be clearly understood that 
a large number of Freethinkers, non- 
Christians and* Freemasons are leading 
in the peace movement, and they reserve 
to themselves their independence of con- 
science and of thought." Which words 
were received with applause. Has any 
Mason or any Masonic publication or 
any Masonic authority ever gainsaid this 
classification of Masonry, then no one 
will be more grateful for information of 
that fact than the writer. 

If any Christian, not a Mason, in 
speaking of Masonry classified Masonry 
with Freethinkers and non-Christians as 
against Christians, like this high Mason, 
the chosen representative of his nation to 
a world-congress, then the Masons 
would cry out : Fanaticism and misrepre- 
sentation ; but here a Mason of position 
in a nation publicly complains that peo- 
ple do not distinguish between Chris- 
tianity on one hand and Masonry, free- 
thought and non-Christians on the other. 
Sufficient ! 

If all Christians and all Masons were 
as clear as to the situation, it would be 
easy to open the eyes of those that are 
willing to see. And that this is not some- 
thing that we Lutheran ministers, as our 
own people often think, are all alone 
about claiming, is proven by the fact that 
over a score of church bodies in the 



October. llXu;;. 

United States alone refuse to accept se- 
cret societ}- members in churchfellow- 
ship. That it on the other hand is not 
discovered only in tliis generation is seen 
by the very title of a book, which also 
lies before me, and reads : 

"'Proofs of a conspiracy against all 
the religions and governments of Europe, 
carried on in the secret meetings of Free- 
masons, illuminati. and reading socie- 
ties. Collected from good authorities, b}" 
John Fv.obison, A. ]^L, professor of nat- 
ural philosophy, and secretary to the 
Royal Society of Edinburgh. 'Xam tua 
res agitur paries com proximus ardet.' 
The fourth edition. To which is added 
a postscript. Xev\- York, 1798." This 
book is dedicated to "Right Honorable 
AATlliam AA'yndham. Secretarv of A\'ar. 
etc.. etc.. etc.." in recognition of his 
approval of the edition of this book, hav- 
ing said that it "Woidd make a useful 
impression on the minds of my country- 

If any ]\Iason or any other lodge mem- 
ber reads this. I only ask: Be nor bit- 
ter but examine this conscientiously be- 
fore God. Remember tliat pastors have 
only personal loss from opposing the 
lodge, and that popularity lies in silence. 
]My only wish is to lead those Christians 
who for lack of reahzation of these mat- 
ters remain in the lodges, help them to 
see the requirements of their God and 
conscience, while I remember that the 
smaller secret societies are but "watered" 
Masonry. God give you grace to see. 
so that you can say: "In thy light we 
see light." Yours in the love of Christ. 
B. E. Bergesen. 


\\'hy ^'ou Should Not Join a Secret So= 



]\Iany young men. and some older 
ones, are about to step over the edge of 
and into a dark, yawning pit. The pit 
is the secret societ}* you are urged to 
join : its darkness is ignorance of the se- 
crets of that society. 

Do not let a foolhardy curiositv to 
learn the worthless secrets of anv organ- 
ization tempt you to take a step in the 
dark, which will lead to iniurv in this 

world and may cost the eternal loss of 
your soul. 

I expect you to say, "Prove your 
warning to be founded on facts, and I 
will never darken the door of a lodge." 
A very sunburst of light upon this sub- 
ject may be obtained by sending for tlie 
excellent and numerous publications of 
the National Christian Association, 
whose address is 221 West Madison 
street. Chicago. 111. The testimony of 
my own experience and observation ^vill 
conlirm the teachings of the Xational 
Christian Association. 

\Mien a young man I joined a literary 
society. It had no ritual, and no oath 
was imposed at initiation, and yet be- 
cause it demanded a promise to observe 
a strict secrecy as to matters of trifling 
moment. I would never again give such a 
promise, although the aims and meth- 
ods of the societv's work were beneli- 
cial and. harmless. AMia .' Because m 
all organized groups of men there are 
found a few ambitious, more or less un- 
, scrupulous, bold, strong-willed men : 
men who by nature and practice are 
tyrannous "bosses." Such men intrude 
themselves into all kinds of secret socie- 
ties, because promised secrecy aids them 
in carrying out their dark plottings for 
power to bring to the birth their sellish 
purposes and pet scheme:5. 

I acknowledge that there are times in 
domestic, business, political and religious 
life when the iiidiz-idual, to safeguard Jiis 
iut crests, must exclude strangers and 
lock his door. This is quite a different 
basis for secrecv from that which pre- 
vails in secret societies, where the meas- 
urably honest, well-meaning eye of the 
outside public is kept from seeing the 
"things done in secret." The majority 
of the members of these societies, in mat- 
ters of conscience and will power, are 
only up to the average of men .we meet 
with on the street. Such are weaklings 
who under the pressure of their "bosses'^ 
"go to the wall." with their manly inde- 
pendence crushed. 

For this reason even literary, benevo- 
lent and moral reform societies are to 
be avoided if thev bind their members to 

Secrecy with only a f^romise to enforce 

October, 1906. 



it, is full of evil, and tends to the under- 
mining of the God-given freedom of 
opinion and action of the individual. 
But what should be said of secrecy en- 
forced by oaths — and some of these 
oaths blasphemous and savage in their 
ferocity, not only threatenmg death, 
where oaths are broken, but death in 
the most abhorrent form that can be 
imagined, with the mutilation of the 
body ? 

Is this the right thing? Can this be 
pleasing to our God, who is both a God 
of justice and of love? 

And for what purpose are these de- 
testable oaths exacted? That the weak- 
willed members of the order, who are 
many, may be more effectually in the 
grip of the few who rule the society. 

There are said to be in the United 
States three hundred of these secret or- 
ganizations, largely patterned after the 
Masonic fraternity, which is the oldest 
of them all, and has lodges in nearly all 
the civilized and half-civilized nations of 
the earth. I call on all in these lodges 
who fear God and are still loyal to our 
Lord Jesus Christ, to flee from tempta- 
tion and withdraw their membership. 
^'No man can serve two masters." "Be 
ye not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers ; for what fellowship hath 
righteousness Avith unrighteousness : and 
what communion hath light with dark- 
ness?" "Wherefore come out from 
among them, and be ye separate, saith 
the Lord, and touch not the unclean 

Two gentlemen, the one a physician 
and the other a chief engineer in our 
navy, and both members of Christian 
churches, told me they abandoned ]\Ia- 
sonry with contempt and loathing. I 
call upon the miany Christian ministers 
who have joined the lodge, thinking thus 
to advance themselves, to shudder lest, 
to the peril of their souls, thev secure 
eminent positions in the church by the 
aid of friends in the secret society to 
which they belong, rather than by a lov- 
ing Providence and the grace of God's 
Holy Spirit. 

A Knight Templar once showed me 
the different lodge rooms of a ^lasonic 
building. He was a member of a Chris- 
tian church, and surmising my opposi- 

tion to secret societies, spoke slightingly 
of the "Blue Lodge" ; and well he might, 
for its members are drawn from the 
ranks of the un-Christian ; and many of 
them, seeking gain in business, are open- 
ly rejectors of our Lord Jesus Christ ; 
and even ]^Iohammedans, Parsees, and 
Buddhists are not barred out. 

When we came to the lodge room of 
the Knights Templar, he said, "In meet- 
ing here I notice the Rev. Dr. " 

(mentioning a prominent minister of my 
denomination) "occupying one of the 

seats, and near him the Rev. Dr. *" 

(mentioning a leading clergyman in his 
own denomination). Then my guide went 
on to speak of their ritual as making use 
of many quotations from the Book of 
Hebrews, and all to prove how Christian 
is the Knight Templar's ritual. All 
this and much more forces me to say 
that the secrecy of these societies is bad : 
their blasphemous, manhood-crushing 
oaths are zvorse; but worst of all is the 
counterfeit religious ritual. 

Again and again have the grand lodge 
and representative expounders of Free- 
masonry asserted that their worship and 
ritual are not only simply deistical, but 
must be such under all circumstances : 
and that, evangelical teachings as to the 
sinfulness and helplessness of all men, 
and that their on!}' way of salvation is 
through faith in the sacrifice of God's in- 
nocent Lamb, must be excluded. 

Therefore, you see that the religion of 
the lodge room robs its worshipers not 
alone of all that is Christian in creed, 
but of our blessed, matchless Lord and 
Savior. Jesus the Christ. And for Him 
and His words of life it substitutes the 
religion of nature, with its vague, gen- 
eral hope in the unpromised mercv of 
God the Judge, with vain efforts to obey 
His law in their own utter weakness. 

Here we find the root of that adulterv 
which is first spiritual, and then grossly 
immoral. In both the Old and New 
Testaments. Jehovah-Jesus represents 
Himself as the Bridegroom and Hus- 
band of His people. Therefore the 
church or lodge that misdirects and 
abuses its religious faculties in giv- 
ing its fear, admiration, trust and 
obedience to anv than the true 
God and Savior, brings upon itself the 



Octol>«r. 19CN5 

self, of "adulteress" or "liarloi." Spir- 
ima] adulter}- is a fearful sin, and re- 
ceives a fearful pTmisliment. 

Xow gross, social sensuality- is sure. 
sooner or latex, to foBow a departure 
from our great God and SaTior Jesus 
lie Christ- In India "temple harlots" ply. 
tr.cir Tricked tramc i^iih those who bow 
icT^>-r- tc> images -of wood and stone. I 
hETc seen in a Chinese temple, ten feet 
frc-m its idcl, a^Chinaman smdving opium. 
The Oiinese as a nation are impure. ]\Io- 
hanmitedan countries are notorioush- li- 
centious.. The ]\Iormons are gixen to 
polTgani}-. The Christian sects least 
r-TEngeiical are most guiln" of innmoral- 
itj. If you question physiologr, you wiH 
be told that there is such a close rela- 
tionship existing between man's capacity 
to w<:-ship and his capacity to love that 
if the nrst is debased, the other, in the 
i:"g r--:n. is sure to be denied. 

In applying this to oath-bound, ritual- 
istic secret societies. I wish to say two 
things : ' I ) It may be true that thou- 
sands yutside these societies may . be 
w:--se breakers of the sexenth command- 
ment than those who are members, and 
i: als: may be tmie that the man who is 
bring initiated may be morally pure 
minded : but \ 2') I have had acquaint- 
in ce with ntembers of the lodge whom I 
belifTr have been iniured spiritually and 
mcnahy 'bj their associaticn therewith. 

In this connection I can add that an 
aged nrinister of the Gospel said his 
heart was deephr pained and anxious 
from 'the fact that his son had joined the 
ZvTasons : and a godl}' son told me his 
father vras much injured from joining 
the lodge. 

2\or does it weaken the positions I 
l^ave taken to call attention to the fact 
that mian}- of the best mjen .America has 
produced u:;nte in a miost earaest pre- 
test against the existence 'i secret so- 
■cieties- An:ong these I can nam.e John 
Ouincy Adamis. Daniel AA'ebster. Presi- 
dent Fillmjore. Chief Justice Marshall. 
John Hancock. President James Z'dadi- 
scn. General U. 5. Grant. AA'm. H. Se- 
ward. D-zdght L. Iloody. George C 
ICe-dham. Dr^ P.. A. 'Torrey. Presi- 
dent Firmey. Vn. A. 1. < cordon. _\lbert 
Lames. Tohn AA'eslev. Joseph Cook. 

WiHard, Dr. George F. Pentecost and 
many more who are bright lights and 

safe guides in tliis dark world. 

Tliey all severelv condemn <3atb-bonnd 
secret societies, and boldly expose the 
equal foil}- and sin inseparably connected 
with their existence. • 

*Tf any of 3-0U lack wisdom" — ^who is 
tempted to join any one of these secret 
societies — "let liim ask of -God, who giv- 
eth to all men liberally, and upbraideth 
not: and it shall be ^ven him." 




It is a crowded railway station. 

Both men are waiting for trains. Each 
wears a society pin on the coat. 

The pins are alike. They glance a: 
each other. 

First casuall}-. Then more closeiy. 

Each sees the other's badge. Each 
gives the other a knowing look. 

Then one makes an almost impercepti- 
ble motion with his hand.' 

The other follows. Other signs are ex- 

The}- approach. Carefully. Cautious- 
ly. Both look about to see if any eaves- 
dropper lingers near. A m3-stic word 
jjasses. Then some more words. 

The}- clasp hands. They mumble mere 

October, 1906. 



A peculiar grip is exchanged. 

Then each presents to the other a card 
bearing mystical signs. 

It is well. They are brothers of tl:e 
same order. 

"I am glad to meet you, brother," one 

"'T am glad to meet you, also," says the 

"Brother," savs the first, "what time 
does the train leave for Kalamazoo?" "I 
do not know, let us ask the ticket agent,." 
replies the second. 

They asked the ticket agent. Again 
they clasp hands. 

"It's great to be of assistance to a 
brother of the noble order, ain't it?" 

"It is." 

They separate. They take their re- 
spective trains. 

Each is satisfied he has met a genuine 
brother of the order. 

What had happened had they failed to 
meet? We shall never know. 

Great is the order. . ~. 

—Toledo Blade. 


(We are desirous of publishing the testi- 
mony of each denomination, as well as that 
of individual churches, opposed to secret so- 
cieties. Will not our readers aid us by se- 
c^jring such as they may know of, and for 
warding at once '♦o the pditor?) 

No. VI. 

General Synod of the Reformed Presby= 

terian Church. 

The following are rulings of the above- 
named church, on secret societies : 

Aug. 12, 1823: "On the subject of 
Freemasonry, your committee recommend 
to Synod to insert under the chapter 
on oaths, of your testimony, a new arti- 
cle, to testify against oaths taken bv 

At Chicago, May 25, 1853, the matter 
was up again; hence the followinsf: "Re- 
solved, that Synod, abiding by the long- 
existing law of the church on this sub- 
ject, in allowing no connection on the 
part of her members with immoral asso- 
ciations, considers further legislation un- 

At Philadelphia in 1845 • ''Members of 
secret, oath-bound societies, cannot be 
members of the church, and sessions are 
directed to act accordino:lv." 

Xew Castle, Pa., 1865: The action of 
the Western Presbytery with respect to 
the Cnion League, was appealed to 
Synod. A motion to sustain the decision 
of the Western Presbytery was adopted, 
with the following proviso added, viz. : 
"Provided, it be distinctly understood, 
by all whom it may concern, that Synod, 
in giving this deliverance, acts upon the 
ground that she has no evidence that the 
L'nion League belongs to the categorv of 
those secret societies which the Reformid 
Presbyterian Church so emphaticallv con- 

Cedarville, Ohio, 1874: 'Ts memb.r- 
ship in the Odd Fellows and similar 
secret societies consistent with regular 
standing in the Reformed Presbyterian 
Church?" Answer: "It is not consist- 

Any other action taken at later Synods 
has been in accord with the foregoing. 
However, in some places pastors who 
were anxious to get members or popu- 
larity, have to some extent disregarded 
this law, and the result has been uni- 
formly disastrous. Our old church has 
been passing through the fire the past 
two years, but I am thankful that we, 
like Gideon's band, are getting down to 
such a small body that the proud and 
loose element are getting out as fast as 
they can get a place to go to. 

Our last meeting took no action, bat 
it is well understood that what I have 
given you is our law. 

(Rev.) R. \\\ Chesnut. 

August 14, 1906. 

The Independent Presbyterian Church of 

(Protest presented to the Synod of the Presby- 
terian Church in Brazil. This document is signed- 
by seven ministers and twelve elders.) 

We, the undersigned, ministers of the 
Holy Gospel and elders representing sev- 
eral congregations under the Synod of 
the Presbyterian Church in Brazil, hum- 
bly and respectfully come before you 
with the following protest, by which we 
assert to have broken with your ecclesias- 
tical jurisdiction : 

Considering that Masonry is a religion 
which in order to fraternize all men ad- 
mits onlv two dogmas — the existence of 
God and the immortalitv of the soul — and 



October, 1906. 

that the same institution intends to re- 
generate and save humankind by tlie 
practice of g-ood works, so that the true 
Mason, by his own merits and not by 
the saving grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, leaves the lodge here below and 
reaches the lodge over there ; 

Considering that Masonry asserts the 
eternity of matter and worships a god 
who is merely ''Supreme Architect of the 
Universe" and not Creator, and that such 
a being cannot be our God because He 
is and can only be known through our 
Lord Jesus Christ ; 

Considering that in its prayers and sev- 
eral other acts of worship Masonry as- 
serts that all men can draw near to God 
without the divine mediation of Christ, 
and that during the meetings of the 
Synod the defenders of Masonry support- 
ed the view that the mediation of Christ 
is not absolutely necessary in order to 
come to God in prayer, it being sufficient 
only to believe "that He (God) is, and 
that He is a rewarder of them that diii- 
gently seek Him," which doctrine is the 
denial of the priestly function of our 
Lord Tesus Christ ; 

Considering that the secretism both of 
Masonry and of kindred societies does 
not agree with the nature of Christianity 
and threatens the normal functions of 
family, state and church; 

Considering, moreover, that Mason ^-y 
maintains a fraternity among all men as 
children of the same and only God, which 
fraternity the believer can accept only on 
condition that all men will believe in 
Christ as their Savior ; 

Considering that in Masonry the holy 
name of God is used in the midst of light 
ceremonies, baptism and the Holy Sup- 
per imitated and diverted from their 
Scriptural meaning and the Word of God 
quoted irreverently without heed to the 
mind of the Holy Ghost, in direct oppo- 
sition to the third commandment ; 

Considering that the name of our Lord 
and His holy religion are constantly vili- 
fied in the Masonic ceremonies, books and 
paDers ; 

Considering that under the pretext of 
''genius of Protestantism," "liberty of 
conscience" and "free examination" zh(t 
Svnod has thrown wide open the door for 

the entrance into the church of all sorts 
of heresies, and considering that every 
one of us while realizing that all men 
have the right of examining everything 
by themselves, without being compelled 
by anybody, "nevertheless cannot adnat 
in our communion but those who accept 
the Word of God as their only rule of 
faith and practice and reject "all doc- 
trines, practices and ceremonies opposed 
to the same Word ;" 
. Considering that the Synod refused to 
fulfill its duty clearly set forth in our 
own Book of Order, page 19, duty of 
"bearing testimony against all errors of 
doctrine and practice, as well as of decid- 
ing in cases of conscience," under the ex- 
cuse that the Word of God and our sym- 
bols of faith do not contain directions 
about Masonry, the fact being that the 
principles and ceremonies of Masonry are 
condemned not only by direct and posi- 
tive teachings of the Word of God, but 
also by logical and necessary infer- 
ences of its doctrines ; 

Considering, lastly, that our brethren, 
the Masons, did not agree with us when 
we asked them to abandon Masonry for 
the sake of our Savior's church, which 
is deeply scandalized; that is, they dii 
not want to let loose a thing which is 
secondary in their eyes, according to the 
lesson taught by Paul in Romans, Chap. 
XIV., for the sake of their brethren in 
Christ, and so they showed more love to 
Masonrv than to the Church of God ; 

We, the undersigned Ministers of the 
Holy Gospel and Elders representing sev- 
eral congregations, in the name of t'-e 
supreme authority of the Word of God 
above all understanding, most solemnly 
protest against the deed of the Synod by 
which the Masonic heresy was classified 
as a secondary thing, and we declare Ma- 
sonry to be incompatible with the Gospel 
and with the supr.emacy of Jesus Christ 
as prophet, priest and king within His 
church, and this we do for the honor and 
glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
S. Paulo, Aug. 3, 1903. _ 

The United Presbyterian Church. 


The United Presbyterian Church orig- 
inated in a secession from the Established 

October, 1906. 


Church of Scotland, which took place in 
the year 1733. Four ministers were con- 
strained to secede from the communion 
of that church, because of gross errors 
which prevailed in it, and because by a 
tyrannical administration of its govern- 


ment and discipline, they were not per- 
mitted even to testify against these errors. 
These ministers, however, soon constitut- 
ed themselves' into a presbytery which 
was called the Associate Presbyterian 
Presbytery, and this presbytery increased 
so rapidly that in the year 1744 it be- 
came a s}'nod consisting of three pres- 
byteries, and twenty-six settled pastors, 
and I need not say to those who arc 
acciuainted with the facts, that some of 
these ministers were men of the highest 
order of talent and that all of them were 
men of earnest piety and "were valiant 
for the truth .upon the earth." 
The First Church Court Investigation of 
Now to this little synod belongs the 
honor of being the first church court 
Avhich judicially investigated the institu- 

tion of Freemasonry and issued a publ'c 
testimony against it. 

At a meetino- of the Associate Synod 
in the month of March, 1745, only twelve 
years after the first organization of the 
church, an overture was introduced con- 
cerning tJie Masonic oath, which declared 
''that there were very strong presum-p- 
tions that among the Masons an oath of 
secrecy is administered to entrants into 
their society, even under a capital pen- 
alty and before any of those things which 
they swear to keep secret are revealed 
to them — besides other things whicli 
are a ground of scruple in the manner 
of swearing the said oath." And it 
therefore requested that the Synod would 
consider the whole affair and give direc- 
tions with respect to the admission of 
persons engaged in that oath to sealing 

Here it is necessary to obserye that 
Speculative Masonry as it now^ exists, 
was at that period — 1745 — only twenty- 
eight years old, for it was first organized 
by four lodges of operative or working 
Masons in the well-known Apple-Troe 
Tavern in the city of London, England, 
on the 24th day of June, 1717, and the 
secrets of Masonry were in 1745 not vet 
revealed as they are at present and ha\e 
been ever since the murder of Captain 
Morgan in this country in 1826. Hence 
the Associate Synod proceeded slowly 
and cautiously in this matter. They did 
not adopt any action in answer to tlus 
overture at this meeting ; but at their 
next meeting, which took place in the 
month of September of the same year, 
they took up the subject and "remitted 
the overture concerning the Masonic 
oath to the several sessions subordinate 
to them, for their procedure therein — 
according to our received and known 
principles, and the plain rules of the 
Lord's word and sound reason." And 
thus this matter rested, so far as the 
Synod was concerned, for a period of 
about ten years. 

At a meeting of the Synod in Edin- 
burgh in the month of ]\Lirch, 1755, a 
case concerning the Masonic oath came 
before them and the Synod then directed 
all the sessions under their inspection to 
require all persons in their respective 



October, 1906. 

cono-regations, who are presumed or su.-- 
pected to have been engaged in the Ma- 
sonic oath, to make plain acknowledge- 
ments with respect to this matter, and so 
the sessions after this generally dealt 
with persons under their inspection about 
the Masonic oath and so found by con- 
fessions which were made to them that 
beside those of the mason's craft — that 
is. those who followed the trade of build- 
ing houses with stone and mortar — other 
persons, such as noblemen, lawyers, doc- 
tors, farmers and politicians, were in the 
lodge and were involved in the Masonic 
oath. Hence the Synod thought it neces- 
sary to give more particular directions to 
the sessions, "in order that the heinous 
profanation of the Lord's name by the 
Masonic oath might be purged out of 
all their congregations." 

They therefore directed all the sessions, 
in dealing with persons about the Ma- 
sonic oath, to ask them the following 
questions, namely : "If they have taken 
that oath, and when and where they did 
JO? If they have taken the said oath or 
declared their approbation of it oftener 
than once, upon being admitted to a 
higher degree in a Masonic lodge ? If 
that oath was not administered to them 
without letting them know the terms of 
it, till in the act of administering the 
same to them? If it was not an oath 
binding them to keep a number of secrets 
none of which they were allowed to knov. 
before swearing the oath? If beside a 
solemn invocation of the Lord's name in 
that oath, it did not contain a capital 
penalty about having their tongues and 
hearts taken out, in case of breaking 
the same? If the said oath was not ad- 
ministered to them with several supersti- 
tious ceremonies, such as the stripping 
off of, or requiring them to deliver up, 
anything of metal which they had upon 
them, and making them kneel upon their 
right knee bare, holding up their right 
arm bare, with their elbow upon the 
Bible, or with the Bible laid before them, 
or having the Bible, as also the square 
and compass, in some particular way 
applied to their bodies? and if among the 
secrets which they were bound by' oani 
to conceal, there was not a passage of 
Scripture read to them (particularly I. 
Kings vii, 21), with or without some ex- 

plication put upon the same for being 

The ingenuous answers which were 
given to the above questions, revealed 
much of the folly, profanity and wicked- 
ness of Blue Lodge Masonry. Hence the 
Associate Church at that early period 
excluded from her communion all Ma-^ 
sons who, after faithful instruction and 
admonition, refused to forsake the lodge. 
This position has ever since been main- 
tained by our Church, both in Scotland 
and this country. An important part of 
her testimony in defense of present truth, 
and in opposition to prevailing sin and 
error, has been her explicit testimony 
against secret societies. The following 
is the language of her testimony as at 
present maintained : 

'We declare, that all associations, 
zvhether formed for political or benevo- 
lent purposes^ zi'hich impose upon their 
members an oath of secrecy or an obliga- 
tion to obey a code of unknoimi lazvs, a/re 
inconsistent zvith the genius and spirit 
of Christianity, and church members 
ought not^ to have fell ozif ship zmth such 

The United Presbyterian Church has 
957 ministers, 54 licentiates and more 
than 121,000 members at present in this 
country; and 83 ministers, 31 licentiates 
and more than 16,000 members in for- 
eign lands. She has 6 colleges, 3 theolog- 
ical seminaries, and a number of acad- 
emies in this country, and 2 colleges, 2 
theological seminaries and a great num- 
ber of mission schools in foreign lands 
She has great power for -good and very 
great responsibility. I hope and trust 
that she will continue to put forth her 
utmost DOwer for the overthrow of the 
''unfruitful works of darkness" and for 
the extension and establishment of the 
Kingdom of our blessed Lord and Re- 

There is always a window open to- 
ward Jerusalem and a stairway leading 
to the window. 

He who trifles with the wine-cup is 
tapping the flood-gates of sorrow. When 
the dike is but a little more broken the 
sea will overflow him. 

October, lOOG. 


^ CtDentietj) Centurp iflinister 


VHI. (Concluded.) 

The walk had subdued in part the wild- 
ness of Lester's aspect, and the treas- 
urer interpreted the hngering traces of 
emotion that he saw, as such holy satis- 
faction, tempered with awe, as the clergy 
would permit themselves in view of 
princely benefactions. 

"I reckon maybe you'll see to the je- 
ceij)t?" the treasurer said jocosely. 

Lester shook his head. "You send it," 
he said at last with difficulty ; "aou know 
the address." 

Then, smitten with a new pang, he hiu-- 
ried away. The insulting mockery of the 
o^ift stung him afresh. In his dreams of 
the new organ he had seen always above 
it the delicate flower-face of Lillys, with 
i'.s aureole of fair hair, and her magical 
white fingers astray on the keyboard. 
Never on earth such music as the dream 
melodies of her hand and voice ! Aud 
now — . 

"Face no more. 
A'oice no more, love no more I wiped wholly 

Like some ill scholar's scrawl fi'om heart 

and slate.— 
Aye, spit on, and so wiped out utterly."' 

He turned his steps toward the couii- 
trv, already flooded with the spring music 
of meadow larks. He walked at frantic 
speed, hoping that bodily weariness mighr 
prove a counter-irritant to mental an- 
guish. H^e raised his wild hand to the 
bhte heaven and begged the boon of 

it was dusk when he returned to his 
•own room. He had been wandering since 
eleven in the morning without food, al- 
uiost without rest. He felt no hunger 
now, only a burning thirst. No alcoholic 
beverage had ever passed his lips, but he 
could have swallowed the fieriest spirits 
with relish. 

A horrible restlessness possessed hi.ii, 
the restlessness of the insane. Lillys was 
lost, gone out of the world ; it was as If 
ohe had never been; but as for himself, 
he was smitten with the curse of the 

Wandering Jew. He must go cease c^?-- 
Iv on and on. He could fix his mind on 
nothing, not even the cause of his uji- 
domg. He must up and away. 

He tossed a few ill-sorted articles into 
a suit-case just before time for the even- 
ir.j^ train for the east, and started for 
tiie station. On his w^ay, the large, harid- 
some house of the Gardners obtWided 
itself on his half-crazed vision. ]\Ir. 
(j--'rdner was the leading trustee of his 
(Mrnrch. Lester paused long enough tc 
rii-g the bell twice, thrice, with sharp, 
jerky peal, and to say when the door 
was opened : 

'T am going to Omaha to-mght tc 
s;»end a day or two. I can't say wh/^n I 
shall be back." 

Then, heedless of the dazed and ques- 
tioning face before him, he dashed awaw 
The poet Horace, most carefree of pa- 
gans, nevertheless caught a glimpse of 
"Black Care" mounting the car behind 
the charioteer. Had Horace lived in our 
dav, he would more surely have seen the 
same sinister figure ascending the steps 
of every Pullman. The swift train could 
not carry Lester away from his grief, and 
the skies that overarched the city were 
even more somber than the broad expanse 
of blue above the sprawling prairie to'.vn. 
Lester drifted indifferently into the 
hotel nearest the station ; and the fit-sr 
night, despite the trains thundering at 
intervals through the ^'iaducL close at 
hari.'l. he slept the long, heav\- sleep of 

Somewhat refreshed in bodw but with 
mind still tempest-tossed, he paced the 
city streets next day, gazing into shop 
windows with unseeing eyes. \\'hen sheer 
exhaustion forced him to pause, he sat 
in the genial s])ring sunshine of the cit}- 
parks, where the annual miracle of swell 
ing bud and opening flower vainly wooed 
him to hope and trust. 

He was wandering late at night in an 
unknown i^art of the city, when his be- 
numbed senses grew aware of a paintcl 
face approaching his own out of the dark- 
ness arid leerino- with hideous invitation. 



October, 1906. 

He raised his head and murmured 
from white lips, "God pity you !" 

"You mean, 'God damn you !' " said 
the girl bitterly. 

"I mean, God pity you !" repeated Les- 
ter firmly. 

"There is no God," retorted the girl 

"Then, at least, He can't damn you,'' 
argued Lester. 

"No. we do that for ourselves." 

"There can be no heavier damnation." 

"See here, you must be a preacher. 
You'd better end this little bum of your? 
right now, and go home." 

This touch of humanity in an outcasc 
drew from Lester a wail of self-pity, "I 
have no home. I can never hope for one 

"Then come with me." 

But Lester had turned and fled. 

By some unaccountable instinct, he 
found his way back to the hotel. Since 
nis interview^ with the poor, lost creature 
of the streets, a new image had invaded 
his mind. It was a lurid imag'e, but it 
held him with an awful fascination. 
There were ways, swift, sure and pain- 
less, to end his misery. He need not 
face the ghastly burden of another day. 

He was pondering thus when he en- 
tered the office of the hotel, an hour past 
midnight. The clerk looked up, rubbing 
his sleepy eyes. 

"Gent waiting in the parlor to see 3^011, 
Mr. Galbraith. Been here two hours. 
Particular business, he said. Engaged a 
room, because we wouldn't let him stay 
\\ ithout, but vowed he wouldn't go to 
bed without seeing you." 

With a sickening prescience of further 
trouble, Lester entered the parlor. A 
vouth with face as haggard as his own, 
advanced to meet him. 

"Lanse Keller !" cried the young min- 
ister, extending his hand, "how came you 

'T'm in awful trouble, Mr. Galbraith, I 
guess you never thought one of your 
Sunday School class could go wrong like 
I have. I came from home to-night. T 
saw your name on the hotel register 
here, and I thought you might hc']^ me. 
If \ou can't — my God !" 

Lester felt desperate - indeed. His 

limbs were tremibling with sheer exhaus- 
tion. . 

"In the morning, Lanse," he protested, 
"in the morning. Sleep is the best helper 
for you now." 

"I can't sleep and I can't eat. I haven't 
slept for two nights." 

Then, for the first time, Lester detect- 
ed the odor of liquor in the lad's breath. 

"I'm burning in the very fires of hell," 
he cried; "I must tell somebody; I must 
have help ; something must be done." • 

The clamorous volubility and egotism 
of the young fellow's distress somehow, 
steadied Lester. 

"Come with me," he said. 

He led Lansing to a soda-fountain 
where both drank and drank again. The 
wholesome, ice-cold beverage quelled 
Lester's growing faintness and quieted 
his companion's nerves. " ' r 

Lester took Lansing to his own room, 
made him bathe his fevered face an.d 
hands, remove his coat and lie down upon 
the bed. There he tossed about as lie 
told in rambling, incoherent fashion a 
long and painful story of bad company, 
gambling, debt and dishonor. 

"I took the money from my falher's 
safe. I didn't expect him to find it out, 
and when he did, I never dreamed he'd 
take it so hard. 

"Perhaps he wouldn't have made such 
a row if I hadn't taken a little something 
beforehand, to nerve me up, you know/ 
and so I talked pretty big and cranky. 

"At last he told me to go and never 
come back. O, Mr. Galbraith, what shall 
I ever do?" 

"Do? Make a man of yourself. You 
can do it. The first thing is to sign this 
pledge-card" — drawing one from his 
pocket — "you can keep it and you will. 
You haven't spoiled your nerves and 
wrecked your will with drink yet. You 
haven't come to feel a love for it ; you've 
only been trying the coward's remedy for 

"To-morrow morning you'll go out and 
look for work. I have only one acquaint- 
ance in the city, a bookseller. I'll go and 
see . if he has a place for you — though 
I doubt if he has. Meantime, you must 
look for yourself. Take any honest job 
that won't lead you into temptation. 

October, 1906. 



"Now, try a little more cold water, and 
then go to sleep and get up your courage 
for the day's work." 

The boy obeyed, and, his mind relieved 
hv full confession, turned over on the 
uninviting bed and fell asleep. Lester 
undressed and lay down beside him, and 
the pallor of early dawn touched his wan 
face, also, with the dew of sleep. 

It was nearly noon when the tvv'o 
breakfasted and went their several ways. 
Mr. Tornev, the bookseller, listened sym- 
pathetically to Lester's story of his pro- 
tege, but shook his head. There was no 
vacancy in his modest establishment. 

"But how about yourself? Fm afraid 
thev haven't treated you very well down 
:'t the Park. If you'll forgive a blunt 
ola man for saying so, you look as if 
you weren't long for this wicked world." 

"I hope not." 

"Why, boy, boy! Tut, tut! That will 
never do. Come home with me and h.ive 
some of mother's cooking. That's my 
panacea for all bodily ills." 

"Thank you, I should be glad to go, 
but there's Keller. He feels that he has 
'10 one but me. I can't disappoint him. 
I know what it is to be friendless myself, 
and I wouldn't fail him for anything you 
could offer." 

Lester straightened himself as he spoke 
and looked up doggedly from hollow, 
dark-ringed eyes. 

The genial old bookseller marked the 
wan cheeks and the swiftly checked 
quiver of the boyish mouth. 

"Bring him along, bring him along ! 
Plenty of room, plenty of room ! 
Mother'U have the good word for you 
both. Do you know, she's rather won- 
derful, mother is. Many's the time I've 
brought home to her folks in trouble like 
that young friend of yours, and then just 
stood back and watched her get in her 
fine work, where I could do nothing ba^ 
blunder. She's got the witch-hazel wand 
that finds the water every time, in the 
stoniest ground. What's that verse about 
'passing through the valley of Baca make 
it a weir? Baca means weeping, don't 
it? — and salt tears are poor drink for us 

"Why, you're a real poet, Father Tor- 
nev," said the young minister, trying to 

speak more lightly. "It would do Lan:.- 
ing Keller a world of good to see a real 
mother. He hasn't had one since he 
was a little chap — nor have I," he check- 
ed himself on the point of adding. 

"His stepmother isn't unkind," re- 
sumed Lester, "but she doesn't care half 
so much for him a? she does for bridge 

"I'll tell you, I'm afraid he won't be 
back till late. He's sure to be tired, pei- 
haps discouraged, and he ought to have 
his dinner before he goes out again. 
Maybe I'll bring him up for an hour in 
the evening if it seems the right thing. 
Any foothold he can get in this great, 
lost, heartless city — " Lester broke off 
abruptly and turned away, pursued by a 
stream of cordial invitations for himself 
and his friend. 

As the minister predicted, it was late 
when Lansing returned to the dreary, 
second-rate hotel. The greasy little dabs 
of food ranged about in what looked like 
birds' bath-tubs, were far fromi inviting" 
to Lester, but his companion ate with 
the unfailing appetite of first youth. 

"I followed your advice," he said be- 
tween mouthfuls, "and tried for any sort 
of decent job. Most places they asked 
for references, and, of course, I couldn't 
give any.*' His cheeks reddened as he 
added quickly, "Of course, I couldn't ask 
you or any one else to say another word 
for me till I've earned it. 

"At last I found a restaurant where 
they wanted a dishwasher. They would 
have given me the job just too quick; 
but when I savr the beer bottles and 
glasises, I knew you wouldn't want me 
there, -so I just left." 

After a ruminative pause he added, "Ti 
I were a year older, I'd join the Masons, 
and then ma\]x^ I could get something 
through them. I've heard father say 
they've been a let of help to him — you're 
one, aren't you?" 

"Why, yes. a kind of one," answered 
Lester with an embarrassed laugh. "I 
don't attend the meetings much ; I 
haven't time. To tell the truth" — he 
spoke with the desperate candor of one 
facing for the first time the bottom facts 
of life — "it seems pretty largely foolish- 



October. 1906. 

■'Some of the lodges are that way, I 
know," said Lansing thoughtfully; 'I 
guess the Elks and the Pythians arc 
pretty rank, but I always supposed the 
Masons were a different lot — sort o' re- 
ligious, you know." 

"Ha! don't let them fool you that 
wa}"," broke out Lester in a fine passion 
:)f honesty; "if the church means anv- 
thing — anything at all — no man will ever 
find his wa^' to heaven by means of the 
Alasonic lodge." 

"Is that so?" asked his companion, 
amazed. "But they have prayers — and 
things like that." 

"So did Jeroboam's calf-worship. And 
the lodge is like him too in making 
'priests of the lowest of the people.' i 
presume you know what Anson Hippie, 
AVorshipful ]\Iaster of Park City Lodge, 
is, as well as I do. Oh, they've all been 
mighty careful that I shouldn't see anv- 
thing amiss, but I know they're a nest of 
unclean birds." 

"Is that so?" asked the boy again; 
"then I'll never have anvthing to do with 

And the loyal fellow actually never 
thought of the inconsistency of his pastor 
and Sunday School teacher, who, hold- 
ing such views as he had expressed, 
nevertheless counted himself a 'kind of 

"But to come back to your case," said 

Lester thoughtfully ; "this is Saturday 

night, and I must go back to Park City. 

I wish vou were going, too, but I sup- 

ose there's no use in talking about that. 

"Now, there's Mr. Torney. If you can 
pull yourself together for the effort, I'd 
like to go up there for a while to-night. 
He has the real passion for service ar.d 
can help us more than ten lodges. 

"Still, we mustn't count on anything 
but what we can do for ourselves. Have 
you money to keep you here a few days?'' 

The boy declared that he had. 

"Of course, though, you've no two 
dollars a day to squander for board and 
lodging. Monday morning you must 
make a change. I'll try to come in again 
and see vou settled. The Y. M. 'C. A. 
can put you on the track of a place, and 
perhaps of work, too. You might look 

them up to-morrow — but no, you need 
the day for rest. 

"Of course, you can't put in the whole 
dav in this dingy hole" — he surveyed the 
cheerless room contemptuously — "and I 
would suggest that you go to this church" 
— taking a card from his pocket and 
scribbling an address on the back. "I al- 
ways like to hear Dr: Macalister, and I 
think you will. Go to the young people's 
meeting, too, if you feel like it. I've 
heard they are a nice, friendlv set. And 
above all, get all the rest you can. You'll 
be fit for nothing without it." 

Lester himself felt, as he spoke, that 
there was no such thing as rest for him 
on earth. 

The old bookseller welcomed the two 
young men with a genuine kindliness 
that expressed itself in homely, uneffu- 
sive forms. To both the guests, the 
subtle atmosphere of home was inex- 
pressibly soothing and cheering. ''Moth- 
er" was all her husband had described 
her. Her verv voice was the essence of 
raotherlinesSi Her old-fashioned knitting 
work, even, was a means of giace to the 
homeless lads. The steel engraving of 
"Faith, Hope and Charity," and the 
P^^ogers group on the marble-topped table 
in the corner, touched and charmed them 
with a power beyond that of the Dresden 
and Vatican Galleries. 

Mr. Torney was entertaining them 
with photographs of points of interest 
in the city. 

"I have that view," exclaimed Lansing, 
with his quick boyish eagerness. "See, 
Mr. Galbraith, that view overlooking th? 
river. I must have set my camera on 
the same spot precisely." 

"You have a camera?" asked the book- 
seller, with enthusiasm matching the 
boy's own. 

"Mr. Keller is the best amateur pho- 
tographer I know," put in Lester, (hi- 
lighted to find an opportunity to com- 
mend his charge. 

"No !" exclaimed the bookseller ; "well. 
I want to know !— by which you may 
know me for a Bostonian by birth ; that 
and the other shibboleth, 'Herbert Spen- 
ceh's Datar of Ethics.' — Now,, young- 
man" — and he laid his hand affectionate- 

October, 1906, 



ly on Lansing's shoulder — "I believe vve 
can be useful to each other." 

Then, turning- to Lester, he added, 
"Did you know that I'm getting out a 
book? It's the microbe that infects 
every man that handles books for a life- 
time. When he reaches the stage when 
liis eyes 'purge thick amber and plum- 
tree gum,' as Hamlet says, he begins to 
exude remmiscences. too^the one as 
much a nuisance as the other, usually. 
But it so happens that i am the pioneer 
in the trade here, and somehow people 
tell me there's a salty flavor to my recol- 
lections that makes 'em a trifle less of a 
hove than common. Some people have 
gone so far as to compare 'em to the 
alliterative British grocer's tea — 'power- 
ful, pungent, and pleasing to the palate" 
— mv metaphors are rather painfully 
mixed. I see, but that's natural when on^^ 
feels deeply. 

"The long and short of it is, I hope to 
publish a volume of personal reminis- 
cences in the course of the year, and I 
want them illustrated. I hope the pic- 
tures will sell the book, if the facts won't. 
I'd like some views taken under my own 
eye for a 'then-and-now' series. If your 
young friend can help me" — all the time 
the kind hand rested on his shoulder — 
"he mav be able to put in some time 
while he is waiting for a better job. 
AVhat do vou say. Mr. Keller?" 

There was but one thing to say. Lester 
left his young friend stammering In- 
gratitude, and protesting feebly against 
accepting an invitation to "bring his traps 
and calamities from the hotel and sta^ 
over Sundav." 

Lester saw that the boy would yield. 
and went to the train with a lightened 
heart. Xever before had Lester Galbraltli 
thrown himself so heartily into any altru- 
istic eft'ort. Hopelessly darkened as his 
own life seemed, he labored to kindle 
the light of hope for another. He be- 
longed to the Order of the Cup — the cup 
qf cold water which the wounded Si" 
Philip refused in favor of the dying sol- 

As Lester made the brief journey in 
the tranquil spring night, his heart melte 1 
in prayer. 

"O God," he begged, "bless Lansing 

Keller, though Thou hast no blessing loi 
me. Though Thou hast cast me off, ca^t 
not him off. I could wish myself ac- 
cursed from (jod for the sake of my 
brother. Shelter him from temptation ; 
raise him u]) friends and helpers. Above 
all. let him not lose hope, which is the 
jjulse of life. Let him feel that for him, 
at least — for him, if not for me — some- 
thing remains in life. • For him — oh ! for 
him — let there still be hope and courage 
and strength to struggle on.'' 
( To be continued. ) 



Our Dumb Animals for September is 
finely illustrated as usual and full of 
wide-awake matter. The river view en- 
titled ''September in the Country" is 
charming. Peculiar interest belongs to 
this number, moreover, because it con- 
tains portraits of iAIr. and i\Irs. Angell, 
with a view of the house where he was 
born, the son of a Xew England pastor. 
When he finally gave himself up to the 
life work so creditable to him he re- 
nounced a successful law practice, with 
prospects most alluring, and thus may 
seem to have followed his father in con- 
secrating great abilitv to high service. 

Mr. Angell 's work is ostensibly, and 
in fact primarily, devoted to the rescue 
of animals from men. but it accomplishes 
the incidental and loftier end of rescu- 
ing men from themselves. 

Indeed, there is more than one inci- 
dental service which enhances the value 
of his distinctive work, as, for instance, 
the constant circulation of illustrations 
adapted to. refine the taste of those to 
whom his paper comes on another avow- 
ed errand. 

We have also rejoiced to note iMr. 
Angell "s im])ortant service to young men, 
when he has, consistently with his pro- 
test against crueltv to animals, con- 
denmed in no equivocal terms the das- 
tardly conduct of those who take the 
license oft'ered bv Greek letter initia- 
tions to let loose their innate savagery. 

]t was, then, with a twinge of regret 
that we read a few words in an earlier 


October, 1906. 

editorial paragraph which seemed dis- 
cordant. He has so plainly shown his 
dislike of college hazing, whether in the 
old class form or in the later secret so- 
ciety style, that we are loath to believe 
that, when he founded one of the so- 
cieties in Dartmouth — which shared with 
Bro^\Ti the credit of educating him — 
there was much of the grosser abuse 
which is now so common. Even as 
a freshman at Brown he would not be 
hazed, but made his room a castle which 
no band of ""sophs" could storm. 

Yet in order to speak kindly of Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, who gave Our Dumb 
Animals what he calls ""the most splen- 
did advertisement our paper ever, had," 
by excluding it from the AVashington 
public schools for criticising his Western 
hunting trip, he says : ""We have since 
several times both criticised and praised 
President Roosevelt. We have toward 
him the kindest of feelings. He is a 
mem-ber of an important college societ}^ 
of which we had the honor of founding 
the Dartmouth chapter, and also of a 
m_uch greater national and international 
societ}* of which we are also a member." 

Xow, ""'with the kindest feelings" we 
also feel compelled to "both criticise and 
praise,"' for as IMr. Angell hates to see 
^Ir. Roosevelt double back on his own 
track, so we are sorr}^ when he, in turn, 
does amthiiig that impresses us as rever- 
sion. We are not so society- crazy as to 
be unable to make discrimination, yet 
we cannot help fearing the effect of 
these words where wise discrimination 
is not to be safely counted on. 

This is a time to speak of such mat- 
ters with care. School faculties and 
boards are having great trouble ; col- 
leges are debilitated as to moral influ- 
ence : and parental hearts are torn with 
unspeakable sorrow. Take into account 
the demoralization alone — ignoring tor- 
ture and death such as Mr. Angell would 
be prompt to antagonize — and whacan 
measure the loss to the countiy through 
the debauching of educated minds? 
Take a single illustration of the ten- 
dency, a sample from the actual history 
of the college Mr, Angell first entered, 
Brown UniversitA-, in Providence, R. I. 
The president of the Y. M. C. A. of 
Worcester TMass.) Academy, graduat- 

ing several years ago, entered Browrt 
with a classmate, who, at Worcester^ 
had been one of his fellow-workers re- 
ligiously. He himself joined no secret 
order, but the other went in, and from 
his wonted religious comradeship went 

]\Ir. Angell surely knows that his ap- 
peal is to character, and however he 
m.ay within his own mind discriminate^ 
he seems just the man to be aware that 
popular discrimination to match his o^yll 
is something not to be trusted too far, 
and that these few words which we have 
quoted from him are just the sort of 
straw that minds ready to be submerged 
in blind and evil inclinations clutch at to 
make themselves imagine that they float. 
Greek letter societies are perpetrating so 
much cruelt}^ just novr, breaking so m.any 
fond hearts at home, and fostering vice 
and moral indifference to such a degree, 
that the obvious present condition is 
surely entitled to a large reckoning in 
comprehensive discrimination. 

One thing miore must be mentioned — 
his avowal of membership in another or- 
der. Mr. .Angell is one of the most 
prominent antagonists of vivisection — 
perhaps he is really the leading one. 
Xow he is an educated man, an editor 
and a lawyer, and he must know the 
psychological effect of words on minds 
he wishes to influence against such prac- 
tices. He has had occasion to consider 
the effect of the very tones in which 
words are uttered, an eft'ect not expend- 
ed wholly on animals, but shared by 
those who speak to them.. He would not 
tolerate the use in school recitations of 
prose or pottry savage in tone. Some 
which breathe the fumes of war, he 
would not select for young boys, even 
though their literar}^ merit was well rec- 
ognized by him. 

How, then, can we account for his 
avowal of fellowship in a society un- 
matched outside a pirates' or smugglers' 
cave, for the barbarity- of its initiatory 
words? Has custom inured even him? 
Can he take due part in closing the 
lodge, adding to the words he hears 
the signs he makes? Is he so affected 
by the idea that all this is "national and 
international" ? Does this intelligent and 
earnest anti-vivisectionist reallv believe 

October. 1906. 



that all which is thus said and done is 
so consciously farcical, even to gro- 
tesqueness, in the view of every partici- 
pant, that no reflex influence is engen- 
dered? Is he unaware that there have 
been repeated ^Masonic murders, in ac- 
cordance with the spirit of these words 
and actions, not to say, sometimes, the 
very forms? He may not have known, 
as we have, of bodies found in his Mas- 
sachusetts and New Hampshire, within 
fifteen or twenty years past, bearing the 
distinctive marks of Blue Lodge mur- 
ders of two separate degrees. 

Is animal vivisection worse than hu- 
man vivisection ? Is it worse to familiar- 
ize the mind with words implying the 
former than with those plainly describing 
the latter? If ]\Ir. Angell so condemned 
Mr. Roosevelt's hunting trip as to get 
his paper excluded from Washington 
public schools, one would think him con- 
sistent if he at least refrained from com- 
mending ]\Ir. Roosevelt for uttering 
words into which are concentrated more 
inhumanity than in any other formulat- 
ed or uttered by respectable men in 
Protestant Christendom. The son of 
President Adams, himself also an ex- 
President, denounced in vigorous but 
merited terms the barbarous language 
used in the lodge. It is amazing that 
such a man as ^Ir. Angell can listen 
complacently to so reprehensible a series 
of suggestions of human vivisection as 
every one must endure hearing in the 
Blue Lodsfe. 


The editorial from the Springfleld 
Republican which we printed in August 
(page 128), and the committee re- 
port incorporated into it, furnish 
suggestions concerning matters still 
beyond those immediately mentioned. 
When once we get down to the 
principles which give point to the 
report and life to the whole article, we 
find them such as relate almost equally 
to all such organizations as are in ques- 
tion, and are not dependent for their 
force on juvenility alone. Not only are 
these societies "subversive of the prin- 
ciples which should prevail in public 
schools," they are also subversive of 
those which should continue in citizens 

trained by the public schools for citizen- 
ship founded on such principles. 

"And all this," says the Republican, "in 
our public schools, the schools of the 
people, for the support of which no one 
would consent to pay taxes if they were 
not founded on democratic principles." 
The Republican speaks still further and 
with force of "the harm that comes 
from the training of infantile snobs, the 
injury to the schools in creating little 
rings and cliques of pupils which often 
obstruct proper disciphne, and certainly 
are hostile to that democratic atmos- 
phere which the taxpayers as a whole 
will insist upon having in schools main- 
tained for the good of a democratic 

Does the force of protest expire as 
soon as a young man has a high school 
diploma in his hand? Are there no 
formative years left, whether in or out 
of college, and are any early or even 
later years otherwise than formative? 
If forming citizenship is spoiled by the 
natural efl:ect of secret orders, then 'these 
are antagonistic, early or late, to those 
principles into the observance of which 
schools guide those who are to observe 
them continuously as citizens. There 
never comes a time when secret orders 
and those principles of good citizenship 
cease to be enemies. However earlv they 
encounter each other, even in school, 
where the idea of self-government is 
not yet mature, they already make war ; 
and afterward, when principle is har- 
dened into disciphned and experienced 
life, they are full-armed foes. 

This is the serious side, but the comi- 
cal one hardly less survives. Immature 
puerilities are really less ridiculous than 
puerilities of the mature kind. The 
white-aproned and colored-ribboned sort 
could be better tolerated in school. In 
fact, it is not certain but the mass of 
imitations crushing upon the earlier or- 
ders and reducing them to absurdity, 
will tend about as much as serious op- 
position to make grown men ashamed of 
them. Solemn silliness and grave puer- 
ility may for a while impress a certain 
class of minds, but there must be a dis- 
illusionizing tendency, one would think, 
in all this bargain-counter rush of wo- 
men and children. 



October, 1906. 


The Brooklyn Heights Railroad has 
led off with a custom which may in time 
be rather generally followed, for it has 
ruled clan badges oft' its cars so far as 
their being worn by employes on duty is 
concerned. Xo smoking and no spread- 
eagling in work hours, is now the or- 
der of the day in Brooklyn. This is the 
order promulgated : 
The Brooklyn Heights Railroad Company. 

Bulletin Order No. A-912. 
To all concerned : 

Employes are prohibited from \Yearrng 
flowers or emblems other than the B. R. T. 
Employes' Benefit Association buttons in caps 
or on uniforms while on duty. 

L. V. Smith, 
Superintendent Elevated Lines. 

It is said that on great trunk lines 
and subsidiary ones, about three-quar- 
ters of the passenger and sleeping car 
conductors, with locomotive engineers 
and brakemen, belong to secret societies ; 
and such a rule extended to them would 
strip off the signs of a good many orders. 
It was declared that if this rule were 
applied generally throughout the United 
States ten thousand Mystic Shriners 
would rise in revolt. It would be a sad 
pity if Shriners could not wear a little 
moon or harmless scimitar. It would be 
a mean shame — so, there ! 

On being questioned about the reason 
for the new order, Superintendent Smith 
said : "The chief result will be that the 
men will not be distracted from their du- 


The Los Angeles Tunes says that 
building is 25 per cent higher than be- 
fore the fire, because labor leaders have 
broken their promises not to advance the 
wage scale, and not try to prevent em- 
ploying non-union workmen. Plumbers 
have struck for six dollars a day of eight 
hours. Building is hindered and rents 
have advanced ; which again is an add- 
ed excuse for union demands. "Poor old 
San Francisco !" says the Times ; "her 
lot is hard indeed. After having passed 
through the unparalleled disaster of 
earthquake and fire, it is even more ca- 
lamitous to be made the prey of those 
vampires who fatten upon the misfor- 

tunes of their fellow-men. But, as the 
Times has before pointed out, San Fran- 
cisco has only itself to blame for its in- 
dustrial serfdom. It could be free if its 
citizens had the courage to strike the 


The Watchman of May 24 said: 
"The situation in San Francisco, with 
all its sadness, affords occasional touches 
of humor. The Hamilton Square Bap- 
tist Church, the only usable Baptist 
house of worship in the city, has been 
freely given for lodgings, receiving all 
who come, and hundreds have been 
given food and clothing from its sup- 
plies. The handbill announcing the re- 
ligious services of the church contains by 
contrast this condolence : 'Our sincere 
sympathy goes out to the afflicted Ma- 
sons of King Solomon's Lodge, who in^ 
their dire financial extremity have leas- 
ed their handsome new hall in the adja-- 
cent block for a ten-cent vaudeville the-' 
ater.' " 


The September Square Deal says: 
"The indictment of Moyer and Hay- 
wood for guilty complicity in the as- 
sassination of Governor Steuenberg has 
been denounced by labor unions all over 
the land, and out of their treasuries large 
sums of money have been contributed to 
provide for the defense of these men 
who were controlling spirits* in the 
bloody rebellion of the Cripple Creek 
miners. The unions have moved heaven 
and earth to save the neck of Bailey, the 
St. Louis union thug, who merely mur- 
dered a /scab'; they spent lavishly of 
their means to secure the escape from 
justice of Gilhooley and his gang of cut- 
throats who murdered Carlstromin Chi- 
cago ; the Central Federation of Labor 
in New York City lost no time in es- 
pousing the cause of the Sam Parks 
Housesmiths, who murdered the watch- 
man Butler in the Plaza Hotel building 
in New York and nearly killed his two 
fellow- watchmen, etc., etc. And it is 
worthy of notice that in many cases the 
unions do not trouble to even profess 
belief in the innocence of these malefac- 
tors — the fact that their bloodv deeds 

Oet()!)er. 1906. 



were done in the supposed interest of the 
dosed shop has been sufficient to gain 
them the active sympathy of organized 


"This (the anti-injunction bill) has 
been pushed hard before Congress by 
the labor trust leaders. It is a bill to 
take away from the courts any right to 
issue a restraining order to prevent the 
commission of crime. Under the pres- 
ent wise laws for the protection of life 
and property, when it seems clear that 
striking union men, bandits and outlaws 
plan to attack other men or destroy prop- 
erty, the court can issue an order or in- 
junction commanding them to desist or 
refrain from doing such unlawful act. 
This has been a great preventative of 
crime and can never harm any peace- 
able person, but the unions have the ap- 
palling impudence to ask Congress to 
pass a bill to tie the hands of every court 
and thus allow the union strikers full 
sway to assault, dvnamite, burn and de- 
stroy without hindrance. Does the an- 
archist spirit show?" 
— C- W. Post. Quoted in The Square Deal. 


The Savannah (Ga.) ?\Iorning Xews 
of July I contained this item of news : 

"Dublin, Ga.. July 20.— The days of the 
Dublin Bricklayers' Union are nearly over. 
A fight on the union has commenced. I'rac- 
tically every mechanic in the city has signed 
an agreement not to work on any job inside 
the incorporate limits of Dublin where a 
member of the Dublin Bricklayers' I^nion is 
employed, and nearly every contractor in the 
city has agreed not to emplo.y members of 
the union. In addition to this, nearly all 
of the property owners have signed an agree- 
ment not to employ any mechanic or brick- 
layer who has not signed an agreement not 
to work on a job where a member of the 
union is employed." 


The Deane Steam Pump Company, of 
Holyoke, ]\Iass., has returned in part to 
the apprentice system in employing its 
help. The admission is strikingly differ- 
ent from that of the Entered Apprentice 
bv the Freemasons. The bonus of one 

hundred dollars mentioned near the end 
of the following agreement is to be 
noted : 

Applicants for apprenticeship under this 
agreement must have reache<:l the age of 17 
years; parent or guardian must show certiti- 
cate giving age of apphcant: apprentices are 
to work for us well and faithfully under 
the shop rules and regulations for the term 
of 12.000 hours, commencing with the ac- 
ceptance of this agreement, in such capacity 
and on such work as the employer may 
direct and at such times and places as 
directed, and must agree not to accept em- 
ployment in any other machine shop during 
the four years next ensuing from the date 
of this agreement; the employer reserves 
the right to suspend work in the shop, 
wholly or in part, at any time it maj* be 
deemed neces-^aiy; in such cases apprentices 
shall be paid only for the actual time they 
shall work; should the conduct or work of 
apprentices not be satisfactory to employer, 
they may be dismissed at any time without 
previous notice; overtime shall count on the 
12,000 hours, but all absences shall be mad'.^ 
u]3; apprentices must purchase from tinte 
to time stich tools as they require for doing 
rapid and acctirate work. The term of 12,- 
000 hours shall be divided into eight periods 
of 1,500 hours each, and the compensation 
shall be as follows, payable weekly to each 
apprentice: For the first period of 1,500 
botirs. five cents per hour; for the second 
period of 1,500 hours, six cents per hour; 
for the third period of 1,500 hours, se^en 
cents per hour: for the fourth period of 1.500 
hotirs, eight cents per iioiir; for the fifth 
period of 1,500 hours, nine cents per hour; 
for the sixth period of 1.500 hours, ten cents 
per hoar: for the seventh period of 1.500 
hours, twelve cents per hour; for the eighth 
period of 1.500 hours, thirteen cents per 
hour. Each apprentice who has faithfully 
and satisfactorily completed his term of 
instrtictions. shall, in consideration of tha 
full and satisfactory completion of this 
contract, in accordance with these rules, be, 
on the signing of the appended certificate by 
us, setting forth that he has so completed 
his term, entitled to a bonus of $100, which 
shall be paid to hin. on the first regtilar pay 
day following the completion of the afore- 
said 12,000 hours. This bonus is otfpred 
solely as an inducement to apprentices to 
fully and satisfactonly complete contract^, 
and, it is understood, no part thereof shall 
be deemed earned until the contract has been 
fully and satisfactorily completeii. On such 
completion we bind ourselves to sign said 



October, 1906. 

®ur Question ftamtu 

Question: A Hebrew, who is also a 
Mason, says that there are thirty-three 
de^^rees in Masonry. Is it true? 

Answer: There are thirty-three de- 
g-rees in the Scottish Rite, so-called, 
which includes the Blue Lodge, or first 
three degrees. The Scottish Rite, prop- 
erly, consists of thirty degrees only. This 
rite is one of the youngest of the Masonic 
rites, it having been perfected in 1801. 
There have been many Masonic rites, and 
are still, all of which are based upon the 
first three degrees, or Blue Lodge. The 
American Rite of this country consists 
of thirteen degrees ; the Egyptian Rite of 

Question : Is it true that there are but 
seventy 33d-degree Masons in the world, 
and that there can be no more ? and 
that no man living to-day can become a 
33d-degree Mason until one of the sev- 
enty dies ? 

Answer : We do not know how many 
33d-degree Masons there are in the 
world. The Scotch Rite Masonry of the 
world is divided up into "jurisdictions," 
one in each country, except the United 
States, which has two jurisdictions, a 
Southern and a Northern. These juris- 
dictions were organized in an early day 
and probably by men who had in mind 
the dividing of the Union, which was at- 
tempted several times and especially dur- 
ing our Civil War. There is little doubt 
that the Southern jurisdiction of the 
Scottish Rite was a home of conspiracies 
against the Union during all the days of 
Southern slavery. 

There are thirty-three active 33d-de- 
gree Masons in each jurisdiction of the 
world; which makes more than seventy 
in all. It is true that no man can take 
his place among the membership of the 
Supreme Council until one of the living 
members dies ; but there are many hon- 
orary 33d-degree Masons. : 

cure our exposure of Scotch Rite Ma- 
sonry,"^ in which this matter is quite fully 
discussed. It is true that in the i8th de- 
gree Christ is named, but the ritual in 
which His name occurs is a travestv 
upon the Christian religion ; and hov^r 
could it be otherwise, when the Scottish 
Rite was invented by Jesuits, Jews and 
infidels? We can say positively that a 
man does not have to become a Christia-i 
in order to be a member of the 33d de- 
gree of the Scottish Rite. 

in two volumes ; per set, cloth, $2.00 ; paper, $1.30 ; 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entire 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the degrees of that 
rite, from 4th to 33d inclusive, with the signs, 
grips, tokens and passwords. 


Question: It is true that no one can 
become a 33d-degree Mason unless he 
expresses a belief in Jesus Christ? 

Ansvv^er: We advise every one to se- 

Mrs. Emaline Grifhn died Sept. 1, 
1906, at the home of her daughter, Mr;. 
S. Alexander, in Oshkosh, Wis., at f le 
advanced age of 89 years, 5 months and 
10 days. She was born in the Province 
of Ontario, Canada, March 22, 18 17. She 
married the Rev. Jacob Griffin, Oct. 6, 
1837. Shortly after their marriage sbe 
felt called of God to enter the ministry. 
They came to Wisconsin in 1848, and 
since that time until her husband's death, 
five years ago, they labored zealously to- 
gether for the saving of souls. She was 
true to her convictions and spoke when 
duty demanded, whether it would bring 
upon her blame or praise. 

The funeral service was conducted by 
Rev. T. S. Kamm, who said Mrs. Griffin 
was the most devoted, self-sacrificing, 
conscientious Christian person it was ever 
his privilege to meet. The weather was 
never so cold or so hot as to bar her from 
gathering clothes and food for the needy, 
or from visiting the sick and afflicted. 
Her life was spent in trying to help iicr 
fellow men, both temporally and spirit- 
ually. The National Christian Associa- 
tion lost in her a warm friend. As long 
as she could pray, she pleaded for God's 
blessing to rest on the antisecrecy work. 

For eight months she had been a 
patient sufferer, ready and waiting to 
hear, "Come, ye blessed of my Father, 
inherit the kingdom prepared for yov 

October. 1900. 



from the foundation of the world." 
Three children who survive her are Rev. 
Z. F. Griffin, now a missionary in In- 
dia ; Mr. N. W. Griffin, of Los Angeles, 
Cal., and Mrs. S. Alexander, of Oshko-h, 

Mm^ of §\it Porj 


Fathers and brethren : Once more I am 
permitted to address you respecting the 
great w^ork to which' we are called. I 
clipped the following from one of our 
papers this week. It is unfortunately not 
peculiar in the facts which it relates. 
Dr. Dunning does not speak of the se- 
crecy of this organization as the cause 
of the demoralization which followed. lie 
might well have done so, for if that so- 
ciety had been an open one, subject to 
the restraints of publicity, there is no 
reason to suppose that its members 
would have been demoralized as they 
were. But here is the article. Dr. Dtm- 
iiing says : 

Demoralizing Effect of Secrecy. 

"I had once in my Sunday school a chiss 
of boys from ten to twelve years old. They 
belonged to good families. Three or four 
years later they formed a club. It was se- 
cret, but they said they had organized it 
for intellectual and moral improvement. 
They hired a room, in which they gathered 
evenings. They brought in several other 
boys. One of the class was appointed 
chaplain. After a while it was learned that 
liquor was being brought into the club 
room. The chaplain soon withdrew. He is 
now a Christian minister. One day one of 
the most attractive members of the club 
came and confessed to me that he had been 
drinking, and that his parents had found it 
out, and begged me to tell his mother, who 
was almost insane with anxiety, that he 
would never drink again. But he did, and 
went from bad to worse, till ho disappeared. 
Friends of another came to ask counsel what 
to do, because he had forged a checlc. Em- 
ployers of another told me that he had made 
false entries in their books, and had de- 
frauded them of money. Another became 
engaged to a charming girl, but she broke 
the engagement because he drank, ai-d in a 

few years he died a drunkard. None of these 
boys at ten years of age seemed likely to 
be exposed to the temptation to drink." 

Oddfellow Saloon=k:eepers, Bartenders 
and Gamblers. 

I have received recently, from one of 
bur good friends in New Jersey, a paper 
which speaks of the effort of the Odd- 
fellows to drive out the liquor men from 
their membership in that State. Some 
of you may have observed that some time 
ago a rule was passed forbidding the ad- 
mission of saloon-keepers and bartenders 
to the Oddfellows' lodges of that State. 
Of course, this was for the public. 
Privately the lodges went forward, it 
seems, initiating saloon-keepers, bartend- 
ers and gamblers, just as they had be- 
fore. It seems that just at the present 
time a good prohibitionist is very much 
out of place as Grand Master of the 
lodges of that State ; and he has begun 
an investigation which has for its pur- 
pose the driving out of the Oddfellow 
saloon-keepers, bartenders and gamblers 
who have been initiated since 1895. The 
article is as follows : 

"Backed by the Sovereign Lodge law, 
which was passed in 1895, but which has 
never been enforced, Wesley B. Stout, Grand 
Master of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows 
of New Jersey, has declared open war to 
drive saloonkeepers, bartenders and gam- 
blers out of the lodges in the State, the ac- 
complishment of which will mean the ex- 
pulsion of probably more than three tJiou- 
sand members from the craft. 

"These questions are now being asked in 
circulars which have been sent out : 

" 'Has any of your members since January 
1, 1906, become a saloonkeeper, bartender or 
professional gambler? Tf so. is he still in 
such business? 

"'Have you initiated or taken into your 
lodge since January 1, 189G, any saloon- 
keeper, bartender or professional gambler?' " 

"This move comes with stunning force 
upon the lodges, in view of the fact that the 
law in question has never been enforced. On 
the contrary, saloonkeepers especially have 
been initiated without question in great 
numbers in the populous cities. 

"Grand Master Stout lives at Ocean Grove. 
He is a strong i)rohibitionist. and is at the 



October, 1906. 

head of the prohibition movement in Mon- 
mouth County. 

"Many of the salooul^eepers are threaten- 
ing suits against the lodges if they are ex- 

This will be instructive and helpful in 
connection with similar action taken by 
other lodges. Secret societies are secret 
for a purpose, and the reason for the 
secrecy is that the members wish to do 
thino-s as lodge men which they do not 
desire to have known ; el-se the lodges 
would be open, and not secret. One rea- 
son can be easily seen from the above 
extract, namely, that the lodges, holding 
their meetings privately, and the public 
not knowing what is done, they can pro- 
fess to the public to exclude saloon-keep- 
ers, bartenders and gamblers, thus salv- 
ing the conscience of Christian men con- 
nected with them, or of reputable men ; 
and at the same time they can go on ini- 
tiating saloon-keepers, bartenders and 
professed gamblers ; thus increasing their 
income and swelling their numbers. 
Elks' Sabbath Carousal. 

This letter seems destined to be com- 
posed mostly of news from the lodge 
field. Here is another item, which comes 
to me in the ordinary course of news. It 
has to do with the Elks, a secret society 
which originated among actors, and is 
still largely composed of them, though 
like other lodges the}^ seek to draw in as 
many men as they can. 

Muskegon, Michigan, is a bright, wide- 
awake little city, with many pleasant and 
worthy people in it. Of 'course, the 
lodges are there, and some of the 
churches are silent respecting their 
devastating influence. The article ex- 
plains itself, and reads thus : 

"Muskegon, Mich., Aug. 20. — The first an- 
nual clam-bake of the Muskegon liOdge of 
Elks was a howling success. Everything 
passed off like clockwork. Nearly four hun- 
-dred Elks attended. 

"They left early Sunday morning in spe- 
cial boats for Interlake Park across Muske- 
gon lake. They had chartered the park from 

the general manager of the Grand Rapids 
and Indiana Railroad, so they had it alone. 
And they did things. What Elks can't do 
they say isn't worth doing. 

"Games were on all day and late in the 
afternoon the clam-bake wa> announced. 
Clams and crabs, imported from Chicago, 
and sweet corn and chicken, all mixed in one 
delightful, toothsome dish, was served." 

What a picture we here have of tlie 
Satanic work of this particular lodge — 
work, however, which is not at all pe- 
uliar to it. Four hundred men spend all 
dav Sabbath in a carousal at the lake 
side. Probably a number of them were 
professing Christians. At all events, when 
I was holding a convention recently r-t 
Seattle, Washington, a person who un- 
dertook a newspaper defense of the 
lodges said that five ministers of that citv 
were members of the Elks, 

Any one who can at all read between 
the lines can see what a Sabbath day 
,that was. What influence is the preach- 
ing of ^the Muskegon pastors likely to 
have on those men? Unless they have 
the faith and courage to publicly de- 
nounce such transactions as .this, and to 
warn men against organizations which 
are guilty before God and man of pro- 
moting them, it is safe to say that there 
will be very few conversions of men in 
their churches. 

Some one says that at this time Chris- 
tian churches are adapted to women and 
children, not to men. The church which 
lives in peace and harmony with organi- 
zations which are holding ''howling suc- 
cesses" of this sort is certainly not 
adapted to micn. A manly man must 
despise and reject an organization of 
that sort. The prophets of old warned 
men of the evils to which they were ex- 
posed, against the sins they were com- 
mitting; so must the prophets of to-day 

do. ■ 

Mystic Workers Use New Goat. 

Another item of the same general type 
has to do with the Mvstic Workers of 

October, 1906. 



the World. Recently I had occasion to 
comment on one number of the publica- 
tion of this lodge. It showed that the 
lodges of the Mystic Workers were run- 
ning cheap theaters, dances and card- 
parties all over the country. The last 
number of the paper which came before 
me was peculiar in that direct mention 
of such things was not found in a single 
instance — no dances, no theatrical enter- 
tainments, no incipient gambling parties. 
Yet there were hints .all along which led 
one to suppose that the character of the 
entertainments was exactly what it had 
before been understood to be. Take for 

order was on July 14, at which time they 
bad another large class to initiate." 

If appears that this lodge came to- 
gether some time in the evening, probably 
between seven and eight o'clock. They 
initiated six candidates. They had some 
kind of machine which was called the 
lodge goat, which w^as probably design- 
ed, as such machines are, to make tlie 
candidates being initiated appear ridicu- 
lous to those looking on. The candi- 
dates are usually blindfolded, the mem- 
bers standing about laughing at the 
ridiculous situations into which they are 
placed in the ceremonies. This lods^e 

example this account, which runs as fol- 
lows : 

"Lovington Lodge, No. 749, met Saturday 
evening, June 23, and initiated six candi- 
dates into the mysteries of the order and 
taught them how to ride the Mystic goat suc- 
cessfully. They had ordered a new goat 
of the latest pattern and they had quite a 
time getting the 'butter' under control. It 
was after midnight before they finished. 
The lodge also voted on nine applications 
and after the initiation the ladies of the or- 
der served the members with ice cream, cake 
and bananas. Deputy Supreme Master J. H. 
Day, who is at present working up the mem- 
bership for the lodge in Sullivan, was pres- 
ent and assisted. The next meeting of the 

seems to have been carrying forward 
its business in the regular way ; but they 
did not get through until after twelve 

Refreshments were served, and men 
and women were out in that lodge room, 
and went through the streets some time 
after midnight. Wives with little chil- 
dren were probably not there — at least 
most wives have hearts which prevent 
their being away from home on such oc- 
casions. The men who are willing to 
leave their homes and be out until after 
midnight for lodge meetings were there; 



October, 1906. 

and if the}' did not have a dance in that 
lodge that night, we should be greatly 
surprised to learn it. 

Of course, all intelligent people know 
that institutions which are unchristian do 
work which is unchristian ; but in these 
days there is so much spiritual blindness, 
so many who have never been truly con- 
verted, that it ought to be helpful to see 
what kind of work, from the standpoint 
of morals as well as religion, is going 
forward. . - 

A New Masonic Temple. 

One more clipping, and we are done 
for this time. This also refers to a 
Michigan town. It seems that the St. 
Johns Masons are to build a temple. 
Here is the story : 

(Special to the Grand Rapids Herald.) 

"St. Johns, Mich., Aug. 19.— Charles T. 
Babcock, one of the solicitors for funds to 
erect a new Masonic temple, says the com- 
mittee has practically $16,000 in sight for 
the new building, besides promises of sup- 
port from outside towns that would swell 
that amount considerably. 

"It is proposed to get $20,000 in pledges 
and then go ahead. While the estimated 
cost is a little below $32,000, enough is put 
in to cover incidentals that always creep 
into building operations. 

"Osgood & Osgood of Grand Rapids have 
prepared plans for the building. That firm 
says if the building cannot be built within 
their estimates, they will stand the addi- 
tional cost. The plans have been modified 
somewhat from the first sketch to reduce 
the cost. 

"The temple will have a frontage of 112 
feet on the north side of State street, near- 
ly opposite the M. E. church." 

Some persons declare that Freema- 
sonry is not a religious organization at 
all; that it is a mere social, beneficial, 
fraternal society. Well, if this is true, 
what do they want of a temple? From 
time immemorial this word has been ap- 
plied to a place where God is worshipe-vl. 

Whatever may be the fact about Ma- 
sonry being a religion, it is unquestion- 
able that the St. Johns Masons wish to 
build a temple ; and if this temple is not 

intended for worship, it would be inter-^- 
esting^ to know for' what purpose it is 
planned. But I wish to say another 
thing about Masonic temples. It is in- 
teresting to observe how God frowns 
upon these efforts to build idol altars by 
the side of the church of Jesus Christ. 

Years ago the Freemasons of Peoria 
built a temple. They had bands of men 
with feathers, and swords, and crosses- 
on their gloves and coats, and a great 
time. I do not know how the saloons-, 
and houses of prostitution got on on 
that occasion, but if it was as in Chicago 
and Boston during the season of the 
conclave of the Knights Templar they 
were not sorry about the dedication. For 
a while the temple went on under the 
charge of the lodge men; but the last I 
heard about it, it changed hands under a 
mortgage of only $19,000, and was own- 
ed by a private party. It was still called 
the Masonic Temple, but the Masons did 
not own it. 

My readers, many of them, perhaps, 
are familiar with the history of the Ma- 
sonic Temple of Chicago. The tax col- 
lector had strange times with this Ma- 
sonic Temple. What relation the Free- 
masons had to the tax collector's difficul- 
ties, I would not pretend to say, but it is 
entirely safe to state that the reputation 
of the Masonic body was not specially 
improved by that series of events. 

The lodge men in St. Johns may build 
their temple and continue to own it; but 
thev will not make it a power for right- 
eousness until they abandon their Ma- 
sonrv and become children of God. We 
are living in a time when the common 
sense, as well as the religion, of Chris- 
tians rejects secrecy as "a method of do- 
ing good. More and more all men are 
coming to see that a secret society is by 
its very constitution adapted not to good 

but to evil. 

Let us therefore push on to the battle. 

October, 1906. 



The Conventions and Conferences which 
I have attended during the past year 
have been marked by the presence of the 
Spirit of God, and have indicated His 
disposition to work through His people 
for the honor of His church. 

Our greatest danger is that we shall 
trust Him for less than He wishes to 
give ; shall labor less than He require^. 
We are on the side of eternal righteous- 
ness in this matter, and the truths for 
which we contend are absolutely certain 
to prevail. So let us take courage and 
go forw^ard. Fraternally yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 


, The press of no city has ever given an 
antisecrecy convention more courteous 
recognition than was accorded the State 
Convention held last month in ]\Iuskegon, 
Michigan. The city is to be congratu- 
lated, and such newspapers ought to be 
well supported. We are indebted to them 
for extensive extracts which are to be 
found in this number. 

The attendance on the first evening of 
the Michigan Convention numbered some 
three hundred, and that on the second 
about six hundred. The music during 
the whole of the conference was unusual- 
ly good, and a credit not only to the per- 
formers, but to Rev. J. W. Brink, who 
arranged for the conference and wel- 
comed its first sessions to his church. 

The address by Rev. E. Breen, of 
Chicago, a member of our Board of 
Directors, was given in the Holland lan- 
guage. He spoke with power, and re- 
ceived the closest attention. 

The committee on Field Work for 
Michigan planned for ten or twelve meet- 
ings before the holidays. Revs. Groen, 
Day and Patterson have each volunteer- 
ed three lectures, and it was thought that 
Rev. Remmele and others would be added 
to the list of volunteer speakers. If 
more convenient than to address the 
State officers, any requests for lectures 
coming to the Cynosure office will be 
immediately forwarded. 

An invitation from the Free Methodist 
church of Flint, Mich., to hold the next 
State Convention with them, was receiv- 
ed and by vote accepted. 

By the contributions of Mr. and Mrs. 
E. Pennock, Miss Hannah Blackinton 
and others all expenses of the Michigan 
Convention, including traveling expenses 
of speakers, were met. 


Muskegon, Mich., Sept. 19, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure — The Michigan friends 
may rejoice in another successful State 
Conference. The attendance the first 
evening was estimated to be three hun- 
dred; the second evening, six hundred. 
The local papers have been unusuall) 
kind and helpful in getting the truth be- 
fore lodge friends, who (as is often the 
case) were conspicuous by their absence. 
People only come to the light who wish 
"their deeds made manifest." 

The addresses were, generally speak- 
ing, what were desired. The collections 
amounted to $37.99; the expenses (not 
including the printing of programs and 
the cost of tracts, etc., furnished by the 
National Christian Association), $24.15. 
As the minutes give the details, it is onlv 
left for me to praise God and move on. 

Of my meetings for the past montii 
much might be written, but I must be 
brief. In the four Synods of the Lutheran 
bodies attended in Kansas, Nebraska, 
Iowa and Ohio, I received nothing but 
kindness. Two hundred and fifty new 
subscriptions to the Cynosure were re- 
ceived, and some lecture appointments 
made. Over three thousand miles were 

After a brief visit at home, I reached 
my appointment in the Lutheran church, 
Middletown, Ohio, in time to address 
friends there gathered on Sept. 4. It 
was thought that none of the lodge peo- 
ple ventured in, though the invitation 
was extended to them. The pastor felt 
that the reform interest was helped. 

In Cincinnati and Dayton, Ohio, I 
found friends, and reached Fort Recov- 
ery, Ohio, in time to speak as advertised 
in the splendid Ohio Synod Lutheran 



October, 1906. 

church there. It was found difficult hce 
as elsewhere, to secure attendance of 
those most needy^ but some spoke of help 

Kalamazoo, IMich., afforded many op- 
portunities for testimony and addressee, 
as in other years. With renewals of 
Cynosure subscriptions here, there were 
several new ones obtained. The Free 
Methodist friends were just beginning a 
new conference year with bright pros- 

In inviting your agent to present the 
antichristian character of the lodge to his 
people, the pastor of the North Presby- 
terian church said, in reply to my sug- 
gestion that some of his people might not 
like such a presentation, '7/ is not a ques- 
tion of zi'Jiat they zuajit, but a question 
of zvhat they need." As I was addresv 
ing his people there was a "buzzing" in 
the choir. A misspehed note was passed 
accusing the pastor of cowardice in get- 
ting a stranger to attack the lodge in- 
stead of doing so himself, and the meet- 
ing was smaller through the departure 
of a ''Lady Maccabee." I had said noth- 
ing about the "Bees," but naturally, as I 
had spoken of the "Elks" and other ani- 
mal-named secret societies, this "Lady 
Bee" thought I was after her society. 

The attendance at the South Olive 
Christian Reformed church for the lec- 
ture which I delivered there Mondav 
evening, was a surprise to the pastor, ds 
this church is in the country and farmers 
are busy. It was thought over two hun- 
dred were present. 

At my lecture in the Central Avenue 
Christian Reformed church, Holland, 
Mich., the collection was $9.21; the at- 
tendance about three hundred. In the 
Allendale Christian Reformed church, 
the attendance, the domine tells me. 
would be larger ' should I come again. 
Probably two hundred or more busy peo- 
ple left the fields to get to this gather- 
ing. Collection, $5.15. 

Sabbath morning I was permitted to 
break "the bread of life" to fellow Chris- 
tians, some two hundred in number, in 
ihe Muskegon Swedish Mission Cove- 
nant church. A two-dollar bill, quietb^ 
slipped into my hand, told its own story. 

In the afternoon there was an oppor- 

tunity for good at the Sabbath School 
conducted by my old schoolmate, Prof. 
R. L. Park, to whom I am indebted for 
unusual kindness. The little folks listen- 
ed as I spoke of the better things. 

On Sabbath evening a large audience 
greeted me in the First Baptist church. 
The pastor adjourned a business meeting 
so that his people might attend the Con- 

Two of the Holland Christian School? 
were visited, and before about four hun- 
dred children I showed how some white 
men. were foolishly playing "Red Men" 
because they did not know any better — 
because they had had a ''wrong educa- 

I go from here to the eastern part of 
Michigan, where meetings are arranged 
for United Presbyterian, Reformed Pres- 
byterian and Lutheran churches. Two 
lectures in Chicago (111.) Lutheran 
churches come early next month, then the 
meetings with Conventions in Iowa and 
Indiana. Yours in the work, 

W. B. Stoddard. 


(Extracts from the Muskegon (Mich.) Daily 

Chronicle and Morning News, Sept. 

17 and 18.) 

The Michigan Conference of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, foes of the 
secret societies, is in session in Muske- 
gon, and is attracting good-sized audi- 
ences made up of those in sympathy with 
the movement, lodge members who wish 
to know why they are attacked and curi- 
ous outsiders. 

Punctually at 2 130 the delegates and 
others were called to order by the or- 
ganizing secretary, the Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard, of Washington, D. C. After the 
devotional exercises and singing, the Rev. 
J. W. Brink, of the Fourth Reformed 
church, gave an address of welcome. 

Rev, Brink expressed his pleasure that 
the Conference had met in Muskegon. 
Their protest against secret societies was 
much needed here, he said. Muskeeon 
was not as bad as Chicago, where lodges 
were as numerous as the. frogs in ancient 
Egypt, he said, but to a population of 
about 20,000 Muskegon had at least thirty 
organized lodges. To expose the evils 
of "lodgeism" was not easy, because of 

October, 1906. 



the secrecy and the seemingly good deeds 
of the lodge. 

He denounced lodgeism as being a 
counterfeit. It was a counterfeit of the 
church, with a counterfeit religion, 
counterfeit prayers, and a counter- 
feit salvation, the speaker said. The 
lodge as a system knows nothing of 
Jesus Christ ; its prayers, with but few 
exceptions, make no mention of Him. 
Its counterfeit salvation is, however, its 
worst feature. Lodgeism claims to save 
men, to land them in heaven ; its mem- 
bers, though dying in a drunken stupor, 
if they are in good standing, are buried 
as having gone to the lodge or the tent 
above. This, he maintained, was a parody 
on the salvation of Jesus Christ. 

Rev. Brink said that as we should warn 
men against counterfeit money, he be- 
lieved it was the church's duty to warn 
men against the counterfeit of lodgeism. 
He therefore rejoiced to welcome the 
coming of this Conference to Muskegon. 
Those who were already convinced, it 
would strengthen ; those who wxre doubt- 
ful would, he hoped, be led to investi- 

After a hymn the State President, 
Rev. J. Groen, of Grand Rapids, respond- 
ed to the welcome. He spoke of the 
work of the Association as being, in the 
eyes of many, a hopeless ta^k. The meet- 
ings would help them to know better just 
what the task was, and the enemy they 
were fighting. Rev. Groen held that cer- 
tain features of church and social life 
to-day were responsible for the soread 
of lodgeism. He instanced the church's 
lack of courage to protest against the 
lodge, the church's neglect of the poor, 
its tendency to teach that all relio*ions 
are alike, and the modern drift towards 
associations organized by men, as away 
from the family, the state and the church, 
instituted by God. 

An orchestral selection was given by 
Mr. and Mrs. George Vanderwerp, as- 
si'^ted bv their daughter Miss Josie. 
Various committees were appointed, and 
the afternoon meeting was adjourned. 

At the evening session there was a 
large attendance, the church being w^^ll 
filled. Rev. J. Walkotten, of the Second 
Reformed church, conducted the devo- 

tional exercises, after which the editor of 
the Association's magazine, Mr. W. I. 
Phillips, of Chicago, addressed the meet- 

An address, the title of which it was 
thought would draw many lodge mem- 
bers to hear the speaker and perhaps pro- 
voke some answer, was given this after- 
noon at the Fourth Christian Reformed 
church by Rev. M. C. Eddy, of Hastings, 
on 'Why I left the Masons." Mr. Eddy 
was a Mason for many years, passing 
through several degrees in the order, biit 
resigning his connection with the lodge 
before entering the ministry. 
Officers Are Elected. 
The morning session to-day was chieflv 
devoted to business, letters being read 
and the report of the various committees 
heard. Rev. H. A. Day, pastor of the 
Wesleyan Methodist church, Grand 
Rapids, presided. The report of the Com- 
mittee on Nominations, consisting of Rev. 
M. C. Eddy, Hastings ; Rev. Jacob Fiie- 
man, Holland, and Rev. John Walkotten, 
Muskegon, was adopted. The following 
officers were elected to serve for the en- 
suing year : 

President — Rev. John Groen, Grand 

Vice President— Rev. H. G. Patterson, 

Secretary— Rev. A. R. Merrill, Hol- 

Treasurer — Rev. H. A. Day, Grand 

Committees Say Prospects Are Good. 
Encouraging reports were heard from 
the Committees on Finance and State 
Work, composed respectively as follows: 
Finance — Rev. John Smitter, Rev. J. 
W. Brink, Rev. John Luxen, all of Mus- 

State Work— Rev. H. /\. Dav, Grand 
Rapids; Rev. W. B. Stoddard, VVashing- 
ton, D. C, and Rev. A. R. Merrill, Hol- 

Rev. FI. G. Patterson, Birmingham; 
Rev. Henry Keegstra, Pearline, and Rev. 
C. L. Bradley, Clarksville, composing the 
Committee on Resolutions, made a report 
this morning, but no action was taken 
upon the resolutions until this afternoon. 
All Opposed to Christianity. 
The feature of last evening's session 
of the Conference was an address by 



October, 1906. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, of A\'ashington, 
D. C. who spoke in ans\\er to the ques- 
tion "Should All Christians Unite in O])- 
position to Lodges, and \\'hy?" ]\[r. 
Stoddard has been a leader for twenty- 
two years in the antisecret society move- 

"AIv first point." he said, "is that all 
lodges are opposed to Christianity and 
therefore all Christians should be array- 
ed against lodges. However, we must 
decide whether it is a fact that the little 
lodges, such as Good Templars and the 
Grange are opposed to Christianity. It 
is true that there must be some distinc- 
tion. All lodges are not equally bad. We 
know that the lodges now flourishing in 
this country are not so bad as the Mafia 
and Ku Klux Klan, but we do believe 
that one spirit is found in all lodges." 

Tolerance of the less harmful lodges 
leaves the way open for the entrance of 
the more dangerous oath-bound organi- 

Lodges Shun Investigation. 

Two other points were brought out by 
the speaker. 

"The gospel invites investigation," he. 
said, "but the lodges shun it. Anything 
that avoids investigation should be looked 

"Lodge members often become sneaky 
because of the teachings of the lodge. 
The oaths that are administered require 
the candidates to conceal that which they 
cannot conceal. As well might you swear 
a man to conceal what is published in a 
Muskegon newspaper as to conceal the 
secrets of Masonry, which were publish- 
ed years before he was born." 

His concluding plea was: 'Tn union 
there is strength. As the lodges are unit- 
ed against Christianity, let the Christians 
unite against the lodges." 

Rev. M. C. Eddy, Free Methodist min- 
ister of Hastings, spoke on "Why I Left 
the Masons." He had an interesting 
stor}^ to tell of his early years in infidelity, 
then of his fourteen years in Masonry. 
When, at the age of 35, he was converted, 
he left the lodge, "because," as he said, 
"from what I had seen in the lodge, and 
in my travels, I was convinced that the 
whole thing was of the devil from foun- 
dation to rafter." 

Rev. Eddy proceeded to describe the 

initiation ceremony and to tell how the 
degrees were woiked. He told of the 
removal of the outer clothing, the rope 
around the neck, the blindfolding, the 
sham burial, the being knocked down 
with a rubber mallet, and much more of 
what he called "foolery and rough horse 
play," practiced on the candidate. "And 
all for what?" he asked. "Just for a 
social good time." "Don't handle this 
thing with gloves on," he exhorted his 

Many resolutions were discussed, and 
strong things were said. One speaker 
affirmed that the Elks at Aheghany had. 
ai ranged for a most lascivious and in- 
decent performance in their amphi- 
theater ; ballet girls from the theater and 
others from the lowest dives of the city 
were the attraction. Another speaker 
said it was well known that the last turn- 
out of the Elks at Interlake Park, had 
things connected with it so beastly that 
the animals they \\ere named after might 
blush to be guilty of. 

The last meeting of the Conference 
was held in the Third Reformed church 
on Allen street. There was a large at- 
tendance to hear addresses from the Rev. 
E. Breen, of Chicago, (address was in 
Holland language) and the Rev. H. G. 
Patterson, of Birmingham, Mich. 

Rev. Patterson's subject was "The 
Home and the Lodge." He said that 
the secret society was one of the great 
evils v/hich destroys the home and that 
it did so in four ways : By destroying the 
confidence of husband and wife in each 
other ; by taking the time that belongs to 
the home ; by corrupting the morals 01 
the home ; bv taking the money necessary 
for the support of the home. 

"The lodge," said he, "is full of moral 
lepers. While the Masonic oath," he 
went on, "binds a member to respect the 
property and the chastity of those con- 
nected with the lodge, experience proves 
that thieves, drunkards and adulterers are 
not only received but sheltered by the 

The Allen street choir sang several 
pieces during the evening. Other meet- 
ings are in contemplation and arrange- 
ments were made for the next annual 
meeting to be held at Flint. 

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I tread 'mid peril everywhere; 

The thought shall ne'er forsake me, 
That Satan, with his subtile ^nare, 

A slave in chains would make me; 
Delusion, heliborn light, 
May bind both sense and sight; 
Although on guard, still aye aware, 
I tread 'mid peril ev'rywhere. 

tread where angel hosts me hail; 
I am in their protection. 
And naught can Satan's pow'r avail, 

They scorn his fierce invection. 
I sing — though flesh despair; 
I am in angels' care. 
No harm 1 fear, the foe shall fail, 
tread where angel hosts me hail. 

I tread with Christ; He is my Guide, 

He has me ne'er forsaken. 
He hides me in His riven side; 

He has my burden taken. 
He has me safely led, 
And in His steps I tread. 
If all the world should tempt and chide, 
I tread with Christ; He is my Guide. 

—Lutheran Herald 



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Testimonies of Great Men 193 

Gleaners' Ritual — Letter from the Su- 
preme Secretary 195 

President's Letter — Fraternal Insurance 

Orders 196 

Churches Opposing Secretism, No. VII. . . . 199 
"Two Nights in a Lodge Room" Reviewed. 

By Rev. H. H. Hinman 202 

Testimonies of Seceders— Finney, Haney, 

Clarke 203 

A Twentieth-Century Minister. By Susan 

Fidelite Hinman 204 

Washington State Supreme Court Against 

"Frats" 208 

Fraternities in Colleges. By Rev. H, A. 

Day 209 

Albion College President Condemns Fra- 
ternities .209 

No Secret Societies in Public Schools of 

New Britain, Conn .210 

Evils of High School Secret Societies. .. .210 

Suspend Pupils Who "Strike". 211 

G. A. O. T. U.— Lodge Religion from 

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Massachusetts the "Cradle of Masonry"?, .215 
A Sound Precedent — Washington Supreme 

Court Decision 215 

A' National Interest— Secret Fraternities 

in Secondary Schools 216 

College Fraternities at Amherst 216 

Labor Union Obligations 217 

Miss Rathbone Becomes Mrs. Pythian. .. .217 

News of Our Work 218 

Iowa State Convention 218 

Indiana Conference . , 218 

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Michigan State Convention — Report Con- 
cluded 220 

Ban on Grange — Decision of Christian Re- 
formed Churches 221 

Brazilian Testimony-Bearing 222 

From Our Mail .'..... 222 

From an ex-Mason 222 

Important Testimony on Freemasonry. 
By D. L. Garver 223 






221 West Madison Street, Chicago 

Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, 111., as 

second class matter 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I suid nothing." Jolm IS:!!0. 




"Yes, like the fragrance that wanders in 

When flowers that it came from are 
closed up and gone, 

So would T he to this world's every dwell- 

Onlv rememhered by what I have done. 

Needs there the praise of the love-writ- 
ten record, 

The name and the epitaph graved on the 
stone ? 

The tilings we have lived for — let thein 
be our story, 

Ourselves but remembered by what ve 
have done." 


Sou of the well known author of the 
"History of the Reformation" 
"I do not believe that any Christian 
people in France belong- to the (Mason- 
ic) order." 

Greatest of all the ''reformers before the 

"A vow at variance with duty is not 
binding : as, for example, if a man has 
vowed to kill his brother, is he bound to 
perform that wicked deed ?'' 

''Freemasonry is built upon the basis 
of a natural religion having for its foun- 
dation the honor and worship of the Su- 
preme Architect of the Universe, but ex- 
cluding the divine Incarnation and the 
mysteries of human redemption. Whilst 
using the sacred Scriptures, as Freema- 
sonrv it ignores the divine doctrines of 
the Christian faith. Pretending to a spe- 
cial and progressive illumination, it re- 

sembles, and through several of its writ- 
ers even claims descent from the secret 
societies of Pagan Egypt, Greece 


Founder of the "Christian" Church, or 
the ''Campbellites" 
"I know no Temperance, Oddfellow or 
Freemason fraternity that does not recog- 
nize a brotherhood with the world. They 
are of the world, they speak of the world 
and the world heareth them.' Christians, 
though in the world, are not of it. Any 
union, then, for moral purposes with the 
world that brings us to commune relig- 
iouslv with it, bv the laws and usasres of 
the institution itself, is opposed to the law 
and kingdom of Jesus Christ." 

''Secret societies, which seem to pos- 
sess a fatal charm for our people, have 
from time to time drawn thousands 
of misguided youths within the fatal cir- 
cle from which there is no escape." 

Founder of the church of the United 
Brethren in Christ 
"A Freemason cannot be a Giristian." 


Author of "Philosophy of the Plan of 


"There is probably not one in a thou- 
sand who enter the lodge, who knows, 
when blindfolded he takes the terrible 
oaths, that Masonry is an anti-Christ and 
one of the most powerful enemies of 
Christ that exists. But this is put be- 
yond the possibility of a doubt by the 
highest Masonic authorities." 



November, 1906. 


Leader in General Couneil of fJie Luther- 
a)i Chureii 
"Secret societies bring disturbance and 
mischief into the family, the Church, and 
the State. If the Church can not break 
down, by the truth, the oath-bound secret 
societies, they will break her down every- 
where, as the}^ have already done, virtual- 
\y, to a large extent." 

■ The great coinmeutator 
"Rash oaths are above all things to be 
avoided ; but if men are entangled by 
them, they ought rather to infringe the 
sinful oaths than to add sin to sin and 
ruin to their own souls." 


Methodist Missionary in Decean, India. 
"We are personally acquainted with a 
barrister, a doctor, a locomotive fireman, 
a station-master on a railway, a principal 
of a high school, a commissary officer, a 
military officer, and others, who, when 
saved, at once quit the lodge for Christ's 
sake, without any one saying much to 
them. The evil of the institution is too 
apparent to need pointing out in India." 

Earl of Beaconsfield 
Author, orator, statesman. Prime Minis- 
ter of England, Gladstone's great rival, 
{died 1881) 

"In conducting the governments of the 
world there are not only sovereigns and 
ministers, but secret orders to be consid- 
ered, which have agents everywhere- 
reckless agents, who countenance assassi- 
nation, and, if necessary, can produce a 

"Secret societies are hurrying the civil 
governments of the world to the brink of 
a precipice over which law and order will 
ultimately fall and perish together." 


The eminent author, zvhose text-book on 
''Civil Liberty and Self -Government" 
is used in our leading colleges 
"Publicity begets confidence, and con- 
fidence is indispensable for the govern- 

ment of free countries ; it is the soul of 
loyalty in jealous freemen. 

"This necessary influence is two-fold, 
confidence in the government, and confi- 
dence of society in itself. 

"It is with reference to the latter that 
secret political societies in free countries 
are essentially injurious to all liberty, in 
addition to their preventing the growth 
and development of manly character, and 
promoting vanity; that they are, as all 
secret societies must inherently be, sub- 
missive to secret superior will and decis- 
ion, a great danger in politics, and unjust, 
to the rest of the citizens ; by deciding on 
public measures and men without the 
trial of public discussion, and by bringing 
the influence of a secretly united body to 
bear on the decision or election. 

"Secret societies in free countries are 
cancers against which history teaches us 
that men who value freedom ought to 
guard themselves most attentively." 


Professor in the University of Halle 
"Never entertain the idea to join the 
lodge for popularity's sake. It is utterly 
degrading to imagine pastors, men who 
have to (deal with Christianity, the most 
universal and open thing in the world, 
wrapped up in the mummeries of Eree- 

Guideboards are not always to be trust- 
ed. "There is a way that seemeth right 
unto a man, but the end thereof are the 
ways of death." 

A lesson in higher mathematics : "Add 
to your faith virtue; and to virtue 
knowledge ; and to knowledge temper- 
ance ; and to temperance patience ; and to 
patience godliness ; and to godliness 
brotherly kindness ; and to brotherly 
kindness charitv." What is the answer? 

In the day of prosperity if we will keep 
near to God, our trials, when they come, 
will not be half so hard to bear. The ac- 
quaintance of our brighter days will not 
fail us when sorrow comes into the home. 
The God of the sunshine -will be also the 
God of the shadow. And he will be^ 
nearest when we feel the need of his 
presence most. 

November. irjOO. 



Carp, Michigan. 





Oct. 6, 1906, 

Wlllian Irving Phillips, 

■221 West Madison St., 

Chicago, 111, 
My dear Slrj 

Sometime ago I received a copy of the Christian 
cynosure In which you published the contents of the Gleaner 
Ritual, We have always claimed that there is nothing in 
the Gleaner Ritual that would Interfere with any duty our 
members owed to themselves, their families or their God, and 
It has been our custom to present a copy of the Ritual to any- 
one who desired to satisfy themselves upon this particular 

I want to thank you for giving publicity to this 
matter as we have had several calls for organisers from parties 
who have satisfied themselves as to the contents of our Rituals, 
from your Explanations. 

With best wishes for the success of your publica- 
tion, I am. 

Yours very truly, 

Since printing- a portion of the ritua] 
of the Ancient Order of Gleaners, we 
have.^ had more calls for copies of the 
Cynosures containing it than we could 
supply. In this number will be found a 
letter from the Supreme Secretary of the 
Order, JMr. G. H. Slocum, who offers to 
present a copy of the ritual to any one 
desiring to satisfy himself as tn its cor.- 
tents. You will note that the address is 
Caro, Mich. 

It is not alwa>'s wise to be smart. 

Self-adulation is a poor conservator of 

Any fool may be confident ; but the 
wise man examines the foundation upon 
which his confidence rests. 

Satan may tug at our heartstrings, but 
Christ's grip never slips. 



November, 1906. 

Fraternal Insurance Orders. 

]\Iy clear Brothers and Friends : 

I think I will this month fnlfiU a prom- 
ise v.diich I had made to myself, and in 
pare to you, to devote one letter to the 
subject of fraternal insurance orders. I 
do not need to take your time to say that 
the subject is one of the greatest prac- 
tical importance. You will meet a hun- 
dred men to-day who will justify frater- 
nal secret societies, to one who will at- 
tempt a general defense of the whole se- 
cret society system. This is an encourag- 
ing fact, and should lead us to push the 
battle with all our might. When Free- 
masons and Oddfellows and members of 
other lodges are compelled to deny that 
their orders are secret, so that they may 
secure credit for them with men, it 
shows that our labors have not been in 
vain in the Lord : and in place of ceas- 
ing from them, we ought to add prayer 
and faith and labors to all that we have 

Our question then, to-day, is not re- 
garding lodges in general but regarding 
insurance lodges — the Royal Arcanum, 
the Modern Woodmen of America, the 
AA'oodmen of the World, the Mystic 
Workers, the Order of United American 
^Mechanics, the Ancient Order of United 
W^orkmen, etc. I do not include labor 
unions, which are a very different class 
of organizations ; but I speak of the bene- 
ficial societies which are now occupying 
the minds of so large a portion of the 
young manhood of our country. 

I do not now discuss the cjuestion of in- 
surance. This is a subject which is fre- 
quently called up by remarks on frater- 
nal insurance : yet it is not necessarily 
connected therewith. If some of the ar- 
g-uments which have bearing on the one 
also apply to the other, that is a matter 
which is to stand by itself, and is not 
dealt with at the present time. I confine 

m^-self rigidly to the one subject, "What 
should Christians, patriots, lovers of 
country, think, say, and do, respecting 
fraternal insurance lodges?" 

As soon as we begin our study, we 
find that these organizations make four 
powerful appeals to the average man. 

First, and foremost, they are secret. 
They deny this, but all persons who are 
informed know that it is true. If the 
AVoodmen, the Red Men, Eagles, Elks, 
etc., should work publicly, they would 
die. Albert G. Mackey, one of the most 
eminent Freemasons of our country, 
speaking of Masonry, said, "Secrecy is 
essential to the life of our order. If we 
should do our work openly, we could not 
last as many years as we have centuries." 
This is a very remarkable statement when 
we reflect that Masonry is now not quite 
two hundred years old. It amounts to 
the af^rmation that Masonic lodges would 
die gut in two y^ars if it were not for the 
secrecy under which they hide them- 
selves. Remarkable as the statement is, 
it is probably literally true. 

The same thing may be said of frater- 
nal insurance orders. Their secrecy is 
essential to their life. They must hide or 
die. Of course, the pretence that they 
are not secret, when they actualty are, is 
simply an effort to get in people who hate 
secrecy, and at the same time to have the 
advantage of secrecy in order that the}' 
may live. 

In the second place, these organizations 
propose to furnish relief to the individual 
in case of need, and assistance to his fam- 
ily in case of death. The details are dif- 
ferent in the diff'erent lodges, but the gen- 
eral fact is as stated. This proposition 
also appeals strongly to the average man. 
He has not learned to trust God. He has 
learned to distrust hin]self. He knows 
•.■:at any day he may by accident or dis- 
ease be nicapacitated for earnincr. Fle 

Xo^'cmbel^ lOCG. 



kiiows that any day he may be brought 
home hfeless to wife and child ; and he 
desires something to rely upon. An or- 
ganization which guarantees to him an 
income in case of disability, and to pay 
2 sum of money to his family in case of 
his death, takes hold of his imagination, 
lis feelings, his will. This is one secret 
of the startling growth of these organiza- 

In the third place, the fraternal in- 
surance lodges make a powerful appeal 
to the social nature of men. W't are con- 
stituted social beings by the Creator. The 
hermit has always been, always will be, 
the exception. The average man will 
live in a home, and associate with his 
fellow men. For this demand of human 
nature God has made ample and glorious 
provision. The Christian home, the 
Christian school, the Christian church, 
the Christian community afford endless 
opportunity for the interchange of kindh 
words and deeds which elevate the indi- 
vidual and sanctify society. But many 
men are not Christians. Their homes 
are not Christian. Fault-nnding, bicker- 
ing, nagging, drunkenness, violence, how 
often even murder, mar what God in- 
tended should be a copy of the heavenl}' 
home ! 

From homes of this kind, of course, 
Christian churches cannot be built. Chris- 
tian churches are not built from such 
homes. The men and women who are 
so miserable as to be occupants of them., 
spend their Sabbaths in rioting, in eartli- 
ly amusements, or in mere animal slug- 
gishness. From such homes the Chris- 
tian state cannot be builded, and an ele- 
vating social life is absolutely impossible. 

But these peaple who reject God, must 
have man ; and failing to secure the sup- 
ply for their social nature in God's wa\-, 
they must get it in man's way. Here is 
the opportunity for the fraternal lodge. 
It bases fellowship, not on character, but 

on initiation and dues. The brothers and 
sisters are those who have passed through 
the rite of induction, and are square on 
the books. Of course this joins together 
good, bad and indifferent. Saint and sin- 
ner, godly and godless, all are thrown in- 
to one great social compact. The social 
occasions must be adapted to this fact, 
and thev are. That is to say, they con- 
sist chief! \- of eating and drinking and 
dancing. This is true of the old orders, 
which we do not to-da}" discuss, and it is 
true of the fraternal insurance orders. 
Banquets, dances, card-parties, and the 
like — these are the standard social occa- 
sions of the insurance orders. 

Fourth and last, these insurance orders 
also make a powerful appeal to the relig- 
ious nature of man. Dr. Walker's great 
book on "The Philosoph}- of the Plan of 
Salvation" begins with this tremendous 
series of propositions: "]\Ian will wor- 
ship. Man will become like what he wor- 
ships. If man becomes base from the 
worship of base gods, it will be impossi- 
ble for him to recover purity and holi- 
ness without help from above.'' 

There is no word which is more abused 
in our time and country than the word 
^'religion." By it the average man means 
Christianity. Persons are urged to "ger 
religion," when they already have relig- 
ion — bad religion — ^religion which is ruin- 
ing them — religion that they ought im- 
mediatel}' to get clear of, that they might 
take in Jesus Christ. Religion is some 
system by which man is to be reconciler! 
to God, to be helped to holy living, and 
to be assured of a blessed innnortality. 
The true religion seeks to accomplish 
these universally desired things by faitii 
in Jesus Christ. He is the test. As men 
deal with Him, so they are. b'alse re- 
ligions, pagan faiths, are systems attempt- 
ing to meet the cry of the soul for par- 
don, holiness, and a blessed immortality, 
withcmt faith in or obedience to Jesus 



November, 1906. 

Christ. Heathen lands are fuU of rehg- 
ions — always have been. But these re- 
ligions have made the worshipers ignor- 
ant, degraded, cruel, unspeakably miser- 
able. Americans who should treat dogs 
as heathen peoples treat women and chil- 
dren, would be severely punished. 

But the religious nature is universal. 
Every man has it — the blasphemer, the 
thief, the sharper, the murderer, the Sab- 
bath-breaker, all have this religious na- 
ture. All at times wish for forgiveness, 
for relief from accusing conscience ; all 
wish at times for better living. They re- 
solve to "reform," they say that they will 
"turn over a ne\y leaf," they inform us 
that they have "sworn ofif." What are 
all these phrases, which w^e find in the 
newspapers continually but pathetic proof 
of the aspiration of the human heart after 
holiness of character? And these same 
people, godless and wdcked as they are, 
know that they must some day come to 
God for judgment. They fear that day, 
and they long for some guaranty, for 
something on which they can build a 
hope ; and it is the chief aim of Satan to 
furnish to these unfortunate brothers of 
ours a false hope, a hope wdiich will de- 
lude and in the end destroy them. In 
other words, Satan's chief effort in this 
world is to manufacture religions, to at- 
tempt to satisfy the religious nature of 
man without permitting him to come to 
Jesus Christ, in Whom alone is pardon, 
peace, purity, power, and paradise. 
Review of the Subject. 

Let us take a recokoning. The frater- 
nal insurance orders of our country make 
appeal to four of the strongest passions 
of human hearts — the love of secrecy — . 
the desire to know something, not be- 
cause it is worthy, but simply because it 
is hidden ; the desire for lielp against the 
reverses which may come to the individ- 
ual at snv time ; the desire for social "fel- 
lowship, which is a necessity of rational 

being ; and the religious nature which 
God has planted so deeply in the human 
soul that it can never be eradicated. These • 
organizations, appealing to these four 
master passions, do not propose to satis- 
fy any of them in a Christian or legiti- 
mate wa}^ 

God also invites men to the study of 
hidden things ; but these hidden things 
are realities, and the knowledge of them 
is elevating and inspiring. He says to 
man, "Go out into my universe, and trace 
my thoughts in the things which I have 

God knows the weakness of the human 
heart, the limits of the humafi mind, the 
helplessness of the human body when 
touched by accident or disease, and He 
says to man : "Look to Me, confide in 
Me. Trust Me, and I will heal you when 
you are sick ; I will help you when you 
are tried ; I will commission my angels 
to hold you up when you are falling; I 
will care for you when you die ; I will 
care for A^our children and your wdfe 
when you are dead." "Leave thy father- 
less children, I will preserve them alive ; 
and let thy widows trust in me." (Jer. 
49: II.) 

God makes provision for the social na- 
tures of the beings whom He has created 
in His own image. I challenge any liv- 
ing man to find a more happy social com- 
pany than will be found in the prayer- 
meeting of the church to which I belong. 
. Every Wednesday evening, for years, 
companies — sometimes large, sometimes 
small — have gathered in the prayer- 
room ; and there is a love, a confidence, 
and a joyous interchange of thoughts and 
feelings, which are restful, .comforting, 
and strengthening to those who experi- 
ence them. Last Wednesday evening I 
think nearly or quite a hundred men and 
women gathered in this prayer-meeting. 
Tt was as large an occasi^on of this kind as 
we have ever had. It was hard for the 

November, 1006. 



people to g'o away from the building after 
it was over. 

God knows that men are social beings, 
and He has established Christian homes, 
churches, society, for them. The lodges, 
as already indicated, reject God's plan for 
social life, and call men and women of 
all sorts together, without regard to 
Christir,n character, without regard to 
the law of God; and the lodges furnish 
the amusements which worldly people 
love. Theatricals, which ruin scores, 
hundreds, thousands,, every year; danc- 
ing-parties which do the same awful 
work ; card-parties w^hich educate gam- 
blers for the slums of our cities — these 
are the stock in trade of the social com- 
mittees of the lodges. 

Finally — and I was about to say, worst 
of all — these organizations make appeal 
to the religious nature of man — not on 
the basis of repentance, confession and 
pardon, but on the basis of initiation, and 
the payment of lodge dues. Yet they 
teach — some more clearly, others less 
clearly — that their members are thus as- 
sured of life eternal. They have their 
burial service, to encourage the living to 
continue in the godless path in which the 
godless dead have walked. How can any 
Christian man or woman look at such a 
system as this without a shudder? How 
can any Christian man or woman consent 
for a single woment to be identified with 
such a system? It were a thousand time? 
better to die in a poorhouse, and be 
buried in a potter's field, than to live in 
luxury and be buried in the midst of 
splendors, if the latter were to be pur- 
chased at such a price. 

I have not, you will observe, in this let- 
ter discussed in any way whatever the 
financial character of lodge insurance. 
That is too small a matter to trespass on 
this theme at this time. I will only sa}" 
that it will be found true here, as ever\"- 

where else, that those who ''seek first the 
kingdom of God and His righteousness" 
have the other things added; and that 
those who put financial considerations be- 
fore the moral and religious, will usually 
be disappointed in respect to this world's 
goods as well as otherwise. "Godliness is 
profitable for all things, having promise 
of the life which now is, and of that 
which is to come." 

May we all pray that God will open the 
eyes of His children who are, many of 
them, being ensnared and imperiled by 
this master device of the enemy of God 
for the ruin of the souls of men. . 

Sincerely and fraternally yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 


(We are desirous of publishing the testi- 
mony of each denomination, as well as that 
of individual churches, opposed to secret so- 
cieties. Will not our readers aid us by se- 
c'^jring such as they may know of, and for 
warding at once "^o the editor?) 

Seventh=Day Adventists. 

President M. E. Cady, of Walla \\^alla 
College, in a letter dated "College Place, 
Wash., March 4, 1906," says: "Seventh- 
day Adventists as a denomination do not 
sanction secret societies or orders,'' 

We quote the following from a letter 
under date of March 5, 1906, written by 
M. C. Wilcox of the editorial staff o^f 
the Signs of the Times, Mountain View, 
Cal. : 'T do not recall any declaration 
whatever as to secret societies ever made 
by Seventh-day Adventists. It has never 
been the custom among these people to 
declare themselves on these things un- 
less there seemed to be an absolute neces • 
sity for it. ]Many who have foniierly 
belonged to secret societies are connect- 
ed with our Church, but invariably after 
their becoming Christians they have 
dropped the secret societies and allowed 
their membership to lapse. 

"The onlv publication on the subject 
is a tract which I send } ou under separate 
cover. I tliink that will express fairly 
well the sentiments of our people." 



November, 1906. 

The followino- is taken from the tract 
above referred to, entitled "Should Chris- 
tians Be IMembers of Secret Societies?" 
by Mrs. E. G. White, page lo: 


''Christ will never lead His followers 
to take upon themselves vows that will 
luiite them with men who have no connec- 
tion with God, who are not under the 
controllino; influence of His Holy Spirit. 
The only correct standard of character is 
the holy law of God, and it is impossible 
for those who make that law the rule of 
life to unite in confidence ,and cordial 
brotherhood with those who turn the 
truth of God into a lie, and regard the 
authority of God as a thing of naught." 

Brethren in Christ. 

''We believe that Freemasonry, and all 
other secret societies, are antichristian 
and should be denounced by all Christians 
(Lev. 5:4: Isa. 28 : 14-17 ; 11. Cor. 6 : 14- 
jy : Matt. 24 : 26 : Jno. 3 : 19, 20 ; 18 : 20 ; 
Eph. 5: II, 12) ; that the taking of an 
oath is forbidden (Matt. 5: ^^; Jas. 5: 
12) ; that 'trusts' and 'unions,' etc., are 
selfish institutions, and against the spirit 
of the gospel of Christ (Matt. 7: 12; H. 
Cor. 6:' 14-17)." 

General Congregational Association of 

(Action of the Association in past years on the 
subject of Secret Societies, and republished by 
special vote in the Minutes of the Association of 
1862, pages 27, 28.) 

At its meeting in Farmington, in 1846, tlie 

following preamble and resolutions were 

adopted : 

"Whereas, This Association learns, 
with pain, that various societies, or or- 
ders, binding their members to secrecy, 
are making rapid progress throughout 
this country ; therefore, 

"Resolved (i), That in the judgment 
of this Association an oath or pledge of 
secrecy exacted of the members of any 
organization renders it essentially differ- 
ent from and opposed to the Church of 
Christ, and a republican state, which 
court investigation and seek light. 

"Resolved (2), That we have not 
known of any reform issuing in the ben- 
efit of mankind, in this or any other age, 
either originated or carried out by" any 
society requiring secrecy of its members. 

Resolved (3), That a secret society, 
thus formed for benevolent purposes, is 
peculiarly liable to corruption, and his- 
tory shows that they have commonly, if 
not invariably, been corrupt, interfering 
with and injuring- the. administration of 
justice and the freedom of elections, both 
in church and state ; therefore. 

Resolved (4), That in the judgment 
of this Body it is the clear and obvious 
duty of all Christians to 'have no fellow- 
ship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them.' " 

At its meeting in Jacksonville, in 1848, the 
action in Farmington in 1846 was re-affirmed. 

At its meeting in Rockford. in 1850, the 
following was adopted : 

"Resolved, That while we rejoice in all 
the apparent benefits which have resulted 
through the operation of the Sons of 
Temperance, yet we believe that these 
reforms have been accomplished at an ex- 
travagant expenditure of time and pecu- 
niary means, and by the expulsion of bet- 
ter influences ; that, as at present organ- 
ized, however Secret Societies may dif- 
fer among themselves, yet they are all 
anti-republican in their tendencies, and 
are all leading to the same results, viz. : 
A substitution of worldly and selfish mo- 
tives for moral and religious influences, 
and ultimately to the theoretical and prac- 
tical neutralization of Christianity." 

The General Association of Congregational 
churches of Illinois, in 1866, passed resolu- 
tions drawn up by Rev. Samuel C. Bartlett, 
of their Theological Seminary, fro.m which we 
quote the following : 

"Fourth Resolution. That there are 
certain other widespread organizations — 
such as Freemasonry — which, we sup- 
pose, are in their nature hostile to good 
citizenship and true religion, because 
they exact initiatory oaths of blind com- 
pliance and concealment, incompatible 
with the claims of equal justice toward 
man and a good conscience toward God ; 
because they may easily, and sometimes 
have actually, become , combinations 
against the due process of law and gov- 
ernment : because, while claiming a re- 
ligious character, they, in their rituals, 
deliberately withhold all recognition of 
Christ as their only Saviour, and of 
Christianity as the only true religion ; be- 
cause, while they are in fact nothing but 

Xoveiiiber. 1900. 



restricted jDartnerships or companies for 
mutual insurance and protection, they os- 
tentatiousl}- parade this characterless en- 
gagement as a substitute for brotherly 
love and true benevolence ; because they 
bring good men in confidential relations 
to bad men ; and because while, in theory, 
they supplant the Church of Christ, they 
do also, in fact, largely tend to withdraw 
the sympathy and active zeal of profes- 
sing Christians from their respective 
churches. Against all connections with 
such associations we earnestlv advise the 
members of our churches and exhort 
them, 'Be ye not unequall}' yoked togeth- 
er with unbelievers.' " 

From ;i paper read before the General 
Congregational State Association of Illinois, 
in 1866. by Rev. Edward Beecher, D. D. : 

"If, for the sake of extending an or- 
ganization, men are admitted of all re- 
ligions — Pagans, ]^Iohammedans, Deists, 
Jews — and if. for the sake of accommo- 
dating them with a common ground of 
union, Christ is ignored, and the God of 
nature or of creation is professedly wor- 
shiped, and morality inculcated solely on 
natural grounds, then such worship is not 
accepted by the real God and Father of 
the universe, for he looks on it as involv- 
ing the rejection and dishonor — nay, the 
renewed crucifixion of his Son. As to 
Christ, he tolerates no neutrality. He 
who is not for Him is against Him. These 
principles do not involve the question of 
secrecy. The}' hold true of all societies, 
open or secret. 

'Tf, on such antichristian grounds, 
prayers are framed, rites established, and 
chaplains appointed, ignoring Christ and 
his intercession, God regards it as a 
mocker\ and an insult to Himself and Hi^ 
church. In it is revealed the hatred of 
Satan to Christ. By it Christ is de- 
throned and Satan exalted. 

"The most serious view of the case lies 
in the fact that Freemasonry professes to 
rest on a religious basis, and to have re- 
ligious temples, yet is avowedly based on 
a platform that ignores Christ and Chris- . 
tianity as supreme and essential to true 
allegiance to the real God of the uni- 
verse. Its w(^rshi]), therefore, taken as 
a system, is in rivalr\- to and in deroga- 
tion of Christ and Christianity" 


(From the Minutes of tlie General Associa- 
tion of 1804, pi'i;.^e 47.) 

".^ luojwvial from IVhcafoii College 
Church oil the subject of Secret Socie- 
ties and their hostility to good goveru- 
mcnt was next adopted: 


"Whereas, The State Congregational 
Association of Illinois, has, from time to 
time, in the past declared its conviction 
that secret societies arc hostile to good 
government and the Christian religion : 

Whereas. We see these lodges in- 
creasing in number and power, dividing- 
men politicall}- into opposing cliques and 
factions, and substituting for Cliristian 
fellowship and the Atonement the partial 
moralits and benevolence of the lodge : 
therefore, w-e, members of the College 
Church of Christ in Wheaton, respectful- 
ly request the State Association to re-af- 
firm former action on this subject, and t*^ 
take such other measures regarding it as 
may be deemed best." 

In connection with this Memorial a 
motion was made and carried that the 
former action of this Association on the 
subject of secret societies be reaffirmed. 
(Annual Minutes of 1894, page 47.) This 
action of the Congregational State Asso- 
ciation was the more significant because 
the business committee reported against 
any action. A motion was made to amend 
their report by reaffirming all resolutions 
before taken on this subject by the Asso- 
ciation, and this motion was carried by a 
viva voce vote and then, the vote being- 
questioned, it was carried by a standing 

It is true that a resolution was passed 
in the afternoon of the last day, when at- 
tendance was limited, which exempted 
the Grand Arni\- of the Republic or "oth- 
er societies which acknowledge in thcii 
ritual the Father, the Son. and the Hoh 
Ghost" from condemnation. But the in- 
timation that the Grand Arm\' of the 
Republic and some other secret lodges 
''acknowledge in their ritual the Father, 
the Son and the Holy Ghost," is not a'> 
cording to fact, except as to the order Oi 
Jesuits ; and even if it were true, the prin- 
ciples stated in the former action of the 



November, 1906. 

Association are clear and make it plain 
that Cliristians should not have fellow- 
ship with Secret Orders. 

Reformed Presbyterian Church 

On Labor Unions. 

"What is the law of the Covenanter 
Church on Labor Unions ? Are members 
prohibited from joining such unions ?" 

"Ans. No definite law has been made 
on the subject except to forbid members 
of the Covenanter Church joining labor 
unions that are of the nature of secret so- 
cieties. This prohibition is not because 
they are labor unions, but because they 
are secret societies. It would also be 
considered unlawful to join such unions 
if they had their meetings on the Lord's 
Day, or if they used violence toward non- 
union men. See tract on Labor L^nions 
by the Rev. J. S. Thompson." 
— Cliristiau Nation. 



This is one of man}- excellent tracts- 
published by the National Christian As- 
sociation, and designed to warn Chris- 
tians against the perils of the lodge. 

]\Ir. Haney was anxious to do good to 
the young men in the Masonic order. 
He hoped that a nearer and more inti- 
mate relation with them might influence 
them for good. Moreover, he was in- 
fluenced by the advice and example of 
older brethren, and he says that in this 
particular instance he did not ask counsel 
of God. 

He applied for membership, was ac- 
cepted, and took the Entered Appren- 
tice degree. No marked impression was 
produced on his mind.. But on going a 
second time to the lodge, his eyes were 
opened. He saw that a large majority of 
the members were men of the world, and 
the wisdom which they sought was what 
St. James calls "the wisdom of the 
world," which is "not from above, but 
is earthly, sensual, devilish." He saw, 
too, that he was unequally yoked with 
unbelievers, and that he was in more 
danger of being ensnared than likelihood 
of winning them from the power of evil. 

He therefore obeyed the divine injunc- 
tion : "Come out from among them and 
be ve separate, '•' '"" ''•' and I will be 
a father to vou and ve shall be mv sons 

and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." 
(H. Cor. 6: 14-18.) God greatly blessed 
him in his subsequent work. 

I think there are many instances in 
which this idea of doing good induces 
many, especially ministers, to join the 
lodge. Did not our Lord eat with pub- 
licans and sinners, that he might seek 
and save that which was lost? The mis- 
take is in supposing that we may depart 
from God's plan, and hope to accomplish 
His purposes. It is true now, as in the 
time of David, that "Blessed is the man 
that walketh not in the counsel of the un- 
godly, nor standeth in the way of sin- 
ners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scorn- 
ful. But his delight is in the law (meth- 
ods) of the Lord, and in His law doth 
he meditate dav and night.'' 

I am reminded of the case of one who 
was both a drunkard and a rumseller, 
and had the reputation of being the worst 
man in his city. Nevertheless, by abound- 
ing grace he was brought to repentance, 
and had an intense desire to save his 
companions in evil. Heretofore the so- 
cial glass had been the bond of union, 
and he found it hard to get a hearing un- 
less he took an occasional drink. Lie 
was so sure that he had the mastery over 
himself, and so anxious to do good, that 
he consented to the old fellowship. But, 
alas ! it was he that was captured. It 
was soon apparent that he had become 
the laughing-stock of his former com- 
panions, and he soon acquired the re- 
newed reputation of the worst man in the 
city. It is to be hoped that the Spirit did 
not leave him, and that he was led to 
repent and seek a more excellent way of 
doing good. 

But the truth remains that we may not 
do evil that good may come, and that He 
blesses only His appointed methods. The 
oaths of the lodge are unchristian. You 
cannot take them without sin. Its moral- 
ity is partial. You cannot subscribe to 
it without slighting the law of love. Its 
religion is Christless. You cannot be a 
partaker in it without dishonor to His 
holv name. If you wou-ld do His works, 
you must walk in His steps. 

The price of this tract is 2 cents per 
copy, or $1.00 per hundred. 

H. H. Hinman. 

November, 1906. 





Castor, E'vangelist and 
a renouncing Mason 

*' How can we fail to pronounce Freemasonry an antichristian institution? Itf '7'' 
unchristian. Its oath- bound secrecy is unchristian. '1 he administration and taking ^. ..o v^uLna 
are unchristian, and a violation of a positive command of Christ. Masonic oaths pledge ils mem- 
bers to commit most unlawful and unchristian deeds 5 to conceal each other's crimes; to deliver 
each other from difficulty whether right or wrong ; to unduly favor Masonry in political -actions and 

in business transactions; its members are sworn to retaliate, 
and persecute unto death the violators of Masonic obliga- 
tions. "^^' ^' * Its oaths are profine, the taking of the 
name of God in vain. The penalties of these oaths are 
barbarous, and even savage. Its teachings are false and 
profane. Its design is "partial and -selfish. Its ceremonies 
are a mixture of puerility and profanity. Its religion is 
deistic. It is a false religion, and professes to save men upon 
other conditions than those revealed in the"Gospel of Christ. 
It is a virtual conspiracy against both church and state. 
Those who adhere intelligently and determinedly to such an 
institution have no right to be in the Christian church. 
■X- * -K- If Freemasonry is a sin, a sham, an abomination, 
as I know it to be, and as you also know, then there is but 
one way open to us, or to any honest man who knows what 
Freemasonry is, and that way is to bear a most decided and 
persistent testimony against it, cost what it may. If any 
man will \vithhold his testimony against so great a wrong 
to save his influence he will sooner or later lose it." 


^EV. m. L. HANEY 

Pastor of M. E. Church, E'van- * 
gelist and a seceder from Masonry 

"I have seen the church prayer-meeting nearly desolate in 
every part of the country, because many of its members had 
their hearts divided with the lodge. I have demonstrated, in 
thirty years of evangelism, that it is well-nigh impossible to 
have a wide, deep, thorough revival, of religion in any com.- 
munity, town, or city which has been honey-combed by the 
influences of the lodge. In my seventy-ninth year, and before 
I depart to God, I felt I must leave the above testimony." 



Founder of the 'Pacific Garden 
Mission and a renouncing Mason 

"I have been a member of several secret societies. I was a 32° Mason in Chicago 
before the fire; I also belonged to the Blue Lodge and other intervening orders. In all those that 
I belonged to, the association was with the men of the world, without respect to their relijzion, 
whether they had any or had none at all. Such men as atheists, infidels, Mohammedans, Catho- 
lics and Protestants can all unite together in these secret associations on an equality, in a bond 
which thev call the 'bond of brotherhood, ' " 



Xorember. 1906. 

^ Cinenttet}) Centtirp iHtnister 



freshness and warmth of thought 
f eeHng ; but scourge himself a; 


AMien with whirHng brain and burning 
cheeks Lester wakened the next morn- 
ing to his Sabbath duties, the sermon he 
had begun hve days before seemed a Hfe- 
time awav. A cold bath and a steaming 
bowl oi herb tea^ — taken more as a pen- 
ance than as a restorative — enabled him 
to keep his feet and master his voice, 
which sounded like the gride of rustv 
iron. If only by clinging to the pulpit 
he c:-uld contrive to read with mechani- 
cal correctness of intonation and inllec- 
tion one of the Vv-ritten sermons prepared 
in his seminary days, it was the best he 
could hope. 

The opening exercises of the morning 
service were like a fevered dream. He 
tried to focus his mind on his sermon, 
that he mio-ht revitalize it with som.e 

he would. 

his intellect seemed incapable of other 
activity than a dull, sickening apprehen- 
sion, like that of a prisoner led to execu- 

During the second prayer, his mind 
began to steady itself a little. "The heal- 
ing of the seamless dress" brushed his 
forehead, bowed low above the pulpit in 
weakness and pain. He found himself 
turning to his sermon with some interest. 
He had written it, he remembered, in -i 
fine glow of scholarly enthusiasm. He 
had thought, then, that he had a message. 
He began as if he were reading the 
words of another, but his mind quickened 
and kindled as he read, till at last he was 
able to discard the manuscript — abhorred 
of A\'estern audiences. 

After the sermon, he plunged with the 
eagerness of fever into the Sunday 
school lesson, sobering his class of giddy 
young people by his reference to ""one of 
our own number, exiled by his own mis- 
conduct to the unfriendly and wicked 
city, but penitently struggling to retrieve 
the past." 

The young minister's flock were not 
unsvm.^athetic. and most of them could 

read the red danger signals in his flush- 
ed face, which seemed now more boyish 
than ever. They thronged about him 
with well-meant expressions of pitv and 
invitations to dinner. He declined them 
all. swallowed a bowl of his landlady's 
greasy soup, crawled home to his dreary 
chamber and flung himself on the bed. 

Just before sunset he wakened from 
heavv slumber, feeling sore from head 
to foot. A walk in the mild spring air 
revived him a little. Across the long,- 
level prairie, the wide-arched, golden 
portals of the sunset smiled upon him 
with tender invitation. 

"O mother, mother up yonder I" cried 
the lad's lonely heart, "when shall I be 
good enough to enter in?"" Xeverthe- 
less. he returned to his room cheered 
and strengthened. 

In the evening he read another of his 
academic sermons Avith still greater fluen- 
cy and freedom than in the morning. Its 
philosophic utterances found no echo in 
his heart, but his intellect responded 
anew to the quickening touch that had 
been upon him when he wrote. 

As he sat in his room that night, he 
said to himself: "Just as the intellect 
survives the body, so it may survive the 
aftections. It has its own satisfactions, 
independent of external things. It was 
because ^Milton's life was wholly of the 
intellect that his 

■soul wiis like a star and dwelt apart." 

The thought-vv'orld is the only world left 


for me. To-day's experience- 
and unsatisfactorv as it has been- 
possibilities of pleasure in mental activ- 
ity. It is like moonlight after sunlight 
or water after wine ; but there is nothing 

As he fell asleep, he was planning a 
sermon, the first of a series, to begin 
somewhat as follows : 

"The religion of the "twentieth century 
is a religion of ethics and not of dogma. 
St. James, rather than St. Paul, is our 
beacon across the wild waters of mod- 
ern social imrest. Xo one now dreams 

Xovember. 190G. 



that he can be saved by the 'faith' thai 
dares bid the destitute brother and sis- 
ter, 'Depart in peace; be ye warmed and 
filled/ and does nothing- for their relief. 
But St. James' application of the gospel 
of works is now obsolete. In his day, 
the only remedy for poverty was alms- 
giving. To-day philanthrop}- is a science 
— a department of sociology. 

''A study of the ethics of Jesus, as de- 
veloped from the grandly simple princi- 
ples of the Sermon on the ]\lount into 
the formal and elaborate systems of 
modern ethical philosophy, cannot fail to 
be of profound interest. I purpose, there- 
fore, to give a series of sermons on 'The 
Teachings of Jesus, as illustrated in the 
Historv'of Ethics.' " 

Then, with mind wavering in drowsy 
mazes from Socrates to Kant, he fell 

]^Ionday morning brought several du- 
ties, omitted the week before, but after 
an earlv dinner he hastened away to t'ne 
city and his young comrade. 

He found that the old bookseller had 
taken a strong liking to r>ansing and had 
offered to take him as a lodger. 

"I like to see a young fellow rake 
hold," he said to Lester. "Keller, here, 
certainly knows how to take hold. Some 
day, by the grace of God, he'll fetch 
things his way. 

"Last night, after supper, we had a 
good talk. I think the boy has taken the 
first step on tlie upward way. We 
prayed together. The lad said only a 
few words, but I think thev meant more 
than the pra^'ers of some folks in a life- 
time. I want to be delivered from hast\ 
judgments,- but. ]\Ir. Galbraith. I believe 
he'fl do. 

"^laybe I never told you about our 
Benjamin, that we lost ten years ago. If 
he'd lived he would have been Lansing's 
age. He makes me think of the boy — 
the same warm heart and quick way:-, 
\\> always kept him with us, mother and 
I. The others were grown up and gone, 
you see. Strange, isn't it, that he should 
be taken from a home where he had 
every chance ? 

'T can see, putting this and that to- 
g-ether, that Lansing harn't had the 
chances. Always a good coat to his 

back, no doubt, and no lack of meat and^ 
drink ; but vou anrl I know, Mr. Gal- 
braitli. that isn't all. Well, well, I 
mustn't promise too much, but LU do 
what I can for Lansing, and feel it no 
charity, either. He's going to hold up 
his end, unless I misjudge him." 

Lester felt a little pang to find his spir- 
itual patient so soon taken out of his 
hands ; but he could not deny that the 
hands to which Lansing had been trans- 
ferred were more skilful than his own. 

He was obliged to content him- 
self with adding a few trifles to adorn 
his room, and placing in his hands a 
ticket admitting him to all the privileges 
of the Y. ^L C. A. Hall. 

The boy's gratitude was genuine and 

"If you'd been my own brother," he 
said, brokenly, "you couldn't have done 
more. I know there must be a good God 
— now. I hope I shan't disappoint you.'' 

"You won't.'' responded Lester, cheer- 
fully. "Write me once a week, won't 
vou? I'll promxise to write at least as 
often and send you the Park City paper." 

Lansing renewed his thanks, and Les- 
ter turned his face toward the darkness 
that enveloped Park City and his fu- 

As he made the brief night journey, 
he" wished with wearv bitterness that 
friendlv hands niight be held out to 
raise him also from the pit of his de- 
spair. There was no Good Samaritan to 
bind his wound, pouring in the wine and 
oil of strengtli and consolation : and had 
there been, such wounds as his could not 
be disclosed in appeal for pity. Xo, the 
only remedy was to drug his hopeless 
heart with some other absorbing activity. 

"If scholarship had been the life of 
m\- life," he said to himself, "it could not 
be so crushed and empty now. I haven't 
preached the scholarly sermons I meant 
to preach. My people don't want schol- 
arly sermons, it's true : but they ought to 
be educated up to them, as we all have 
to be educated up to classic music. 

"Well, to-morrow I'll set to work in 
earnest. If I make this series of ethical 
sermons what it should be. it will mean 
such work as I've never done before : not 
merely absorbing Kant and ^lill and He- 



November, 1906, 

gel and Green and Spencer and Lotze, 
but showing how their thought, perhaps 
unconsciously, is moulded by the ethical 
ideals of Christ. 

"If I can work it up right, this series 
might be published. I'm sure the plan 
is something new. A\'ell. that cjuestion 
can wait. But it would be a tremendous 
spur to think of going into print— and at 
my age." 

The books in his study were almost its 
onh- furnishing. Before he went to bed 
he took down at random those that fit- 
ted in with his new purpose. He turned 
over the pages of Xenophon's Mcnwra- 
biliu, and marked a few passages in a 
summary of the Philosophy of Kant. 

'''Where,'* he asked himself, "'will you 
find a completer statement governing all 
human relations than Kant's injunction, 
'Regard everv man as an end in hin> 
self ?' I never heard the second table of 
the Law stated with more freshness and 
force. A rare mind !" 

He was turning the pages slowly. 
when suddenly he dropped the book as 
if it had concealed a scorpion. The turn- 
ing of a leaf had disclosed a soft, curl- 
ing lock of fair hair. 

Falling on his knees beside his study 
table, he buried his face in his hands. 
"O my God ! Such pain, such pain ! 
Is^here no escape?" 

What Lester had worshiped in Lillys 
had been, not the soft roundness of tint- 
ed flesh, not the floating nimbus of shin- 
ing hair, not the lithe grace of rhythmic 
motion, but what to him — to every true 
lover, who loves from a pure heart, fer- 
ventlv — these things symbolize ; the in- 
ward and spiritual grace of which these 
are the outward and visible signs. He 
souofht through her what the Creator 
chieflv designed in marriage — not in- 
dulgence of the flesh, not even the pro- 
tection of the weaker by the stronger, 
nor the propagation of the race — but the 
enlargement and enrichment of life. In 
her he saw gifts, not merely of person 
but of mind, in which he felt himself sad- 
ly deficient. Through her he sought his 
life's flower and crown. 

The figure of the Church as the Bride 
of Christ is more than a mere poetic fan- 
C}'. It is based on the hopes and joys of 

all the race. As we look forward to the 
Life-to-be for added powers and facul- 
ties that shall lift us above this phase of 
life wherein we share the travail-pains 
of all creation, so, through a glass dark- 
ly, Lester saw in union with a life he 
devoutly believed higher than his own, 
an amplitude of endowment, a wealth of 
grace and power, which should be for 
him the renewal of life. 

Xow, worn in body and mind, he 
found his heavenh' vision a mere mirage, 
his Holv Grail a cup of Tantalus. Hence- 
forth, he could only drag his maimed' 
and mutilated life through a desert of 
sand and thorns. 

Sleep brought a brief respite from, 
pain and some renewal of energy. The 
next morning Lester gathered his books 
about him for serious and systematic 
studv. but with none of the alert and 
joyous interest he had anticipated. He 
remembered with forlorn humor a min- 
isterial ancestor of colonial days who was 
known as a "painful preacher," and felt 
as if he himself were likely to become a 
worthy successor. 

' His gloomy efforts were interrupted 
an hour»or two later by a call from his 
ministerial brother, Peyton. 

''How are you. Brother Galbraith?" 
was his breezy salutation. ''You look 
rather fagged. I always keep perfectly 
well myself, however much I do : but I 
owe it in large part to my wife's care. I 
hope vGU will be able to say the same in 
a month or two." 

Lester winced but said nothing. 
■"We haven't seen you in the lodge for 
a long; time. I think you might find it a 
restfifl change. I do. The brethren are 
mighty good to me. I'm to preach for 
them on St. John's day. I did last year, 
and they gave me twenty-five dollars ; 
and they never let me pay any dues. Of 
course, if there's a special purse made 
up to help a brother in distress, I put in 
my mite. But then, there's no call to 
speak of that. 'Let not your left hand' 
— vou know. 

'']\Iy object in coming — to pull my- 
self up short, as I must.- with all I have 
in hand this morning — is to tell you that 
we are to have a banquet in the lodge- 
rooms the nis^ht of the i6th, and we have 

Xow-iuber. 1900. 



you down for a toast — ^*Our Order and 
the Church.' Xot zrrsus the Church, as 
so many people understand it, but as an 
auxihary, a stepping-stone to the church, 
presenting in visible and tangible sym- 
bolism the truths the Church teaches in 
loftier and more spiritual forms. I'm 
sure you could say some very helpful 
and enhghtening things on the subject. 
I've been surprised of late to learn that 
not only the antisecrecy fanatics, but 
even some of our good brethren in the 
Alasonic lodge, seem to think there is 
some inherent antagonism between the 
Church and Masonry.- \Mth your elo- 
quence, brother, you. might do a great 
deal to disabuse their minds of any such 
prejudiced view. You could show — of 
course, this is a mere suggestion — that 
the two institutions are similar in their 
aims and spirit, though differing some- 
what in their methods. Oh, it's a grand 
subject, and ought certainly to appeal to 
you strongly. 

"I am to speak on 'Our Order and So- 
ciety' — the philanthropic and humanitar- 
ian work of Freemasonry, you know, as 
well as its indirect efforts to elevate so- 
ciety by its moral influence." 

Lester felt a spasm of mental nausea, 
but still remained silent. 

"I have two or three such extras on 
hand," pursued Peyton. "I am to give 
a paper at the State meeting of our de- 
nomination on 'The Conditions of Re- 
ceiving the Holy Spirit." An important 
topic, of course, and I hope I can do it 
justice. I must go home and get to work 
on it directly, or I'd be glad to stay and 
have a chat with you. We mav count 
on you for the toast? I think you can 
make it a real means of grace to some 
of the brethren." 

Lester's soul sickened within him. He 
would do no more such daubing with un- 
tempered mortar. 

"I am nearly ill," he said, brusquel\- : 
"I daren't undertake anything outside of 
mv church work.'' 

Peyton expressed amiable regret, and 
departed with profuse, though vague, of- 
fers of assistance. 

Lester's work was destined to suft'er 
still another interruption — which, as the 
work was a mere buildinq- witli 'wood, 

hay and stubble' — was of little conse- 
quence. He had bound a wet towel about 
his aching head and had plunged once 
more into his books, when the telephone- 
bell rang beside him. After floundering 
for a time in a Serbonian bog of chaotic 
sounds, he contrived to make out that it 
was a long-distance message from Co- 
lumbia, thirty miles away. At last 

"\\'h>'. Alice ! Alice Edgerton !" he 
broke out in pleased surprise. 

He had heard nothing from her since 
slie had set out on her campaign of vis- 
iting the colleges in the interest of the 
Student Missionary \'olunteers, six 
months and a half before. 

''Xone other," she responded, cheer- 
fullv. "You know you wrote asking me 
to inform you when I was passing- 
through Nebraska. I'm sorry to find my 
route doesn't lie through Park City. I 
go down to the State L^niversit}" to-night, 
hut I ha\'e five hours to wait here in Co- 
lumbia, and I thought I might at least 
have two minutes' chat with you.'" 

"We can do better than that," return- 
ed Lester, promptly. "The noon freight 
goes through here in tvs-enty minutes. 
I'll run over to Columbia, if I may, and 
make you a call." 

"Do," was the hearty response. "I 
shall be delighted to see you. I am at 
the Leland, as forlorn as if I were on a 
desert island. How I loathe hotels ! I've 
turned my face homeward now — 'Llomc, 
sweet home" — never dearer than now ! 
When may I expect you ? In an hour or 
two? ril try to beguile my impatience 
bv writing letters. Xot good-by, then, 
but ail rcz'Gir 1'" 

Two hours later, Lester was in the 
parlor of the Hotel Leland, awaiting a 
response to the card he had sent up to 
liis old friend and schoolmate. 

Alice started back as she entered the 

"\Miy, Lester Galbraith I What have 
you been doing to yourself? What will 
Miss Hammond sav when you present 
yourself as a bridegroom?"' 

Lester stopped. His extended hand 
fell, and his white face grew whiter. 

''Haven't you heard?'' he faltered, for- 
getting the all but impossibility of the 


November. 1906. 

thing. It seemed ages since the blow 
had fahen. 

"I zigzag abont so that my letters can't 
keep pace with me. 1 presume I shall 
find a pile of them in Lincoln to-night. 
Tell me." she added, gently. 

"]\Iiss Hammond has inherited a for- 

tune and is going abroad. 

Our engage- 

ment is broken. 

"She gave }ou up because of her 
money? Truly. Lester, I congratulate 
you on your fortunate escape." • 

"Don't, Alice," he begged. 

"But I shall," she insisted. "You have 
a right to be indignant, and if you won't 
be, I shall be for you. The pettiness of 
her — a mammon- worshiper like that !" 

Lester raised a protesting hand. 
"Please, please, Alice, I can't bear it ! 
She may be all that you say, but I — I 
worshiped her. She meant a great deal 
more to me than God does, I find. In- 
deed, I've been pondering, coming over, 
whether I have any religion left. It 
doesn't seem to me that I have." 

"But where is your philosophy ?" cjues- 
tioned Alice, cruelly. ''You used to 
make so much of philosophy. Don't you 
know how you used to quote Emerson to 
me ? Remember your Emerson — 

•Tbongli her parting dim the day, 
Stealing grace tro.m al] alive. 
Heartily know, when half-gods go 
The gods arrive." 

"Sometime," he said, dubiously, "I 

may believe it ; but now^ . What am 

I to preach next Sunday? It is Easter, 
but there is no resurrection in my souk 
How can I believe in the life everlasting ? 
If I should take as a text the words that 
are most in my thoughts, it would be 
those lines of Browning's — 
'There may be heaven, there must be hell ; 
Meantime, there is our world here — well?' 

Anything more sardonic and Mephisto- 
phelian than that 'Well ?' I can't imag- 

Then Alice spoke sharply. Lester's 
attitude seemed to her childish. She 
knew nothing of his long, crushing win- 
ter of unwonted toil and responsibility. 
.She knew nothing from personal experi- 
ence of "the pangs of despised love." 

"A woman finds it hard to pity weak- 
ness in a man." - • • 

As she spoke, she turned impatiently 
toward the door. Hardly had the words 
left her mouth, wdien she heard a heavy 
fall. She turned back to see Lester on 
the floor, his head against the sharp edge 
of the sofa. An instant she stood hor- 
ror-struck. Then with firm finger she 
pressed the button beside the door, and 
flew back to Lester. The bell-boy, ap- 
pearing in the doorway, found her sup- 
porting the corpse-like face upon her 

"Ice-water!'' she commanded, sharply, 
"and a doctor! This gentleman is ill." 

That night in the Columbia Hospital, 
Lester Galbraith lay moaning and toss- 
ing with typhoid fever. 

(To be continued.) 


School Board Upheld in Its Regulation 
of High School Students. 

Olympia, Wash., Aug. 17, 1906. — The 
State Supreme Court has affirmed and 
approved the action of the Seattle school 
board barrings all students 'from all higli 
school privileges, except that of attend- 
ing the classes, so long as the students 
belong to the Greek letter fraternities. 

Members of the State board of edu- 
cation, now in session here, speak in 
heartv approval of the decision, and say 
it will have the effect of stamping out a 
serious and grov/ing evil in the State 

The decision was in the case of 
George Wayland, a minor, by Russell 
Wayland. his guardian, against the di- 
rectors of the Seattle school district. Ap- 
plication was made to the King county 
court for an injunction to restrain the 
board from enforcing a rule that all 
students who belonged to the fraternities 
should be barred from membership in the 
athletic associations, glee clubs, etc., and 
from ever3''thing except the right of at- 
tending classes. The King county Su- 
perior Court refused the injunction. The 
Suoreme Court says in part: 

''We express our complete satisfac- 
tion zvith cacJi and all of the findings of 
the honorable trial court. '^ '" '•' The 
evidence shozvs beyond doubt that these 
secret organizations foster a clannish 

November, lOGG. 



Spirit of insubordination Zi'hich results in 
much evil to good order, harmony, dis- 
cipline and general -leelfare." 


V,Y MVX. H. A. DAY. 

T h e craze 
f o r member- 
ship in some 
fraternal o r - 
ganization — 
meaning', o f 
course, a secrei 
scciet}- — h a r 
struck the high 
school as well 
as the college. 
Formerly these 
societies were 
confined to the 
larger colleges, 
and the sons 
of the richest 

H. A. DAY. 

men attending these institutions, but now, 
among colleges, the thing is universal, 
with a '*ew honorable exceptions. 

At present, in our own city of Grand 
Rapids, ]^.Iich., there is quite a stir over 
the "frat" question, as it is called, in our 
high schools. In opposition to these fra- 
ternities there have been some very sen- 
sible arguments presented, bcth by teach- 
ers in the schools and by parents. On 
the other hand, there has been a great 
deal of \vhat, to a sober, candid-minded 
person, would appear like silly talk, in 
favor of the existence of these fraterni- 
ties. It is more and more evident that 
the principle of organized secretism is 
deeplv imbedded in the mind and heart 
of the unregenerate mass of mankind, 
and that when this principle, manifest- 
ing itself in so manv forms, is attacked, 
the arch conspirator, whose pet this evil 
principle is. seems deeply grieved, and 
he is immediately moved to stoutly de- 
fend this strong citadel of his dominion. 

Albion College, the Methodist Episcc- 
pak institution of our own State, was 
stirred quite thoroughly last year over 
this question, and the following, clipped 
from the Grand Rapids Herald of Octo- 
ber 13th, indicates that the storm is not 
yet passed and the bright rays of peace- 
ful sunshine are not shining over the 

halls of learning in Albion. But let 
President Dickie speak for himself. His 
opinion has a force which mine, who 
have antagonism to all forms of organ- 
ized secrec\- born and bred in me, has 
not. Coming at such a time, under such 
circumstances, and from such a source, 
his words are well worth}- of our con- 


Sa3s Students Disciplined Are Mostly 

'Fraternity Merrbers and that Fraterni= 

ties Are Detrimental to Scholarship 

and Social and Mora! Life. 

Albion. Mich.. Oct. VI. 1000.— I're.sideiit 
Dickie conid hardly have made a statement 
which wouhl have stirred up .the student 
body more than has the signed article which, 
appeared in yesterday's issue of the Albion 
College Pleiad. F:etting forth his views upo^ 
the question of having fraternities in the col- 
lege. Last June, when he severely censured 
the members of the Kappa Alpha Theta soror- 
ity for breaking college rules and suspended 
several of their members, it was rumored 
tnat he agi'eed to reinstate them, providing- 
tiiey allow their charter to be withdrawn. 
The condition, ho.wever, wr.s refused . 

Dr. Dickie's article says, in part: 

'"Fraternities are expensive, and are un- 
(leiiioc-ratic and un-American, and sadly in- 
terfere with the social life of the college as 
a whole, by the tendency to develop the 
clique spirit, and to beget within the members 
almost unconsciously a notion of personal 

'It is cJeurhj iritJtiii flic liniits of our rec- 
ords to say that ncarJi/ all cases of coUcge 
discipline occiirriiif/ (]i;rin</ the last fire years 
hare had to do cither with these fraternal 
oi-fjanizaiions, or irith fraternity members. 

■"If the fraternities promote high scholar- 
shi]) we ought to make the discovery by find- 
ing a reasonable prop;;rtion of fraternity 
nien and women wimiing the academic hon- 
ors of the institution. Occasionally frater- 
nity members have gained these honors, but I 
think all who are conversant with the facts 
in the case will say that they have done s<> 
less trciiuently than they should. Ir will 
probably be a truthful reilection of the atti- 
tude, nc.t only of the writer, but of the en- 
tire faculty, to say that on the whole we are 
di-<posed to believe that the college in its so 
cial life, in its morale, and in its scholarshlj> 
woiild be l>etter without the fraternities." 



November, 190G. 

Cannot Be Organized or Maintained in 
the Public Schools of New Britain, 

The school board met Saturday after- 
noon for the first time since Professor 
Harper was elected principal of the high 

Mr. AA'ebster introduced the following 
resoiui'on : 

Resolved, I'hat there shall be no secet 
societies for any purpose whatesover o:- 
ganized or maintained in anv of the 
schools of this town, and all school pa- 
pers published shall be by the school or 
class as a whole and under the control of 
the principal and superintendent, 

]\Ir. Webster said that he introduced 
the resolution after due consideration, 
and with a full understanding of the ad- 
vantages or disadvantages which have re- 
sulted from secret societies in the schools. 
^Ir. \\'ebster said that he was opposed to 
any organization in a school which tend- 
ed to classify its members separately or 
to draw a line between the scholars. He 
said that the schools should be as free as 
the tax that supports them. Secret socie- 
ties in the schools, he said, were deleteri- 
ous in their influence when certain per- 
sons were refused admission to member- 
ship without any one knowing the reason 
w^hy. Mr.. Webster said he was in favor 
of secret societies outside of the schools, 
but not in them. Mr. Webster moved 
the adoption of the resolution, and C. S. 
Andrews said that he Vv-as very happy to 
be alive and on the face of the earth to 
second the motion. Mr. Andrews said 
that secret societies had no place in the 
public schools, and he expressed a VN-ish 
that the resolution would drive them out 
of all the educational institutions in the 
country. Such societies, he said, should 
have no place in the halls of learnmg. 

Mr. Pease also favored the resolution 
and so did Judge Walsh. The latter said 
that the resolution ought to go farther, 
and bar out all societies in the schools that 
limited their membership to those of their 
own selection. A school paper should be 
published by the whole school or the 
senior class and for the credit of the 
school or class, and not by any clique or 
for tliC benefit of any clique. Such socie- 

ties. Judge Walsh said, were a curse to 
civilization, they drew class lines, and 
there was no reason for it. The resolu- 
tion was adopted by a unanimous vote. 
—New Britain (Coiiu.) Herald. 

Chicago Woman Telis Mothers' Congress 

They Are SeSiish, Unsocial 
and Exclusive. 

Develop Snobbery. 
Springfield, 111., Aug. 30, 1906. 

Obscene songs, smoking, drunkenness,; 
gambling, idleness, extravagance, indul- 
gence, love of display and general social 
viciousness are some of the indictments 
charged against high school fraternities 
and sororities and other secret organiza- 
tions by Mrs. A. J. Jackman, of Chicago, 
befoie the Illinois Mothers' Congress. 
The bitter arraignment of the organiza- 
tions met wdth demonstrative approval 
from the 300 mothers present, many 01 
whom stood up and shouted their appro- 

"Such organizations are not needed," 
declared Mrs. Jackman. "They are mere 
imitations 01 college societies without 
their justification. They are selfish, un- 
social and exclusive. Secrecy among 
young people is dangerous. A reason- 
able chaperonage is necessary. 

"Fraternities tend tow^ard early sophis- 
tication, manipulation of community poli- 
tics and experimentation in vice. They 
are undemocratic. They cause a too 
early fixing of social choice. The secret 
society is narrowing. High school 
students should meet many people of 
varied character. 

"Out of this rises the school boss," she 
continued, "whose pernicious activity 
hides too often behind the fair name of 
school spirit. These societies choose 
largely persons of wealth, social position 
and striking personal gifts. This develops 
exclusiveness, snobbery and neglect of 
miany schoolmates." 

Mrs. Jackman advocated as a remedy 
for the evils separate clubhouses for 
boys and girls, open to all students on 
equal terms; the development of clubs oc 
objective interest, such as literary, debat- 
ing, art, music, collections, outing, ath- 
letics, dramatic, scientific and the like ; 

November. lOOG. 



school parties managed and chaperoned 
by a combination of students, facuUy and 
parents, and a series of home parties. 
^ — Philadelphia North American. 


The Committee on School Alanage- 
ment, Chicago, reports that it has care- 
fully considered the resolution referred 
to it at the meeting of the Board held 
September 14, 1904 (page 11 1 of Pro- 
ceedings), in reference to suspending pu- 
pils who participate in strikes, and in lieu 
thereof recommends the adoption of the 
following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Superintendent of 
Schools instruct the Principals to enforce 
•existing rule against all pupils who par- 
ticipate in strikes, by immediate suspen- 
sion according to Section 178 of the 
Rules and Regulations of the Board of 

The Chicago Board of Education, in 
its contest against high school fraterni- 
ties, was sustained in July, 1906, when 
Thomas Taylor, Jr., master in chancery, 
reported against the application of the 
students of the Hyde Park high school 
for a temporary injunction to restrain the 
Board from interfering with the member's 
of Greek-letter societies competing on 
the various athletic teams. 

We are sometimes constrained to ask. 
Does higher civilization lead to higher 
demoralization? If Christ goes out of 
the home all the art that comes into it 
leads inevitably to moral retrogression. 

So few men do any real thinking, that, 
when one does, he passes for a prophet 
and a seer, whereas he is only a fair illus- 
tration of the divine intention as to all 

' The wise investor puts his savings into 
the exploiting of a necessary commodity 
of universal need that is in growing de- 

When each man guards the ramparts 
in front of his own door the city can 
safelv sing: "Safelv guarded, Lord, bv 

Q. A. O. T. U. 

''Those zvho adhere intelligently and 

determinedly to Freemasonry have no 

right in the Christian church." — Charles 

G. Finney, ex-President Oberlin College. 



Past General Grand High Priest and Secretary- 
General of the Supreme Council .jod for the South- 
ern Jurisdiction of the T'nited States. 


On page 404 : 

'■Free Masonry," says A. G. Mackey. "doe.s 
not profess to interfere with tbe reli.uious 
opinions of its members. It asks only for a 
declaration of that simple and universal faith 
in which men of all nations and all .sects 
agree, — the belief in a (j^od and in his super- 
intending provideuee. Beyond this, it does 
not venture, but leaves the minds of its dis- 
ciples, on other and sectarian points, per- 
fectly untrammeled. This is the only relig- 
ious qualificatic.n required of a candidate, but 
this is most strictly demanded. The religion, 
then, of Masonry, is pure Theism, on which 
its different members engraft their own pecu- 
liar opinions, but they are not permitted to 
introduce them into the lodge, or to connect 
their truth or falsehc.od with the truth of 



Past General High Priest of the General Grand 
Chapter of the United States, Knight of the Eagle 
and Pelican, Prince of Mercy, etc. 

"The Shock of Entrance." 

On page 22 : 

"The lodge is. then, at the time of the re- 
ception of an Entered Apprentice, a symbol 
of the world, and the initiation is a type of 
the new life upon which the candidate is 
about to enter. There he stands" (the candi- 
date) "without our portals, on the threshc.ld 
of this new Masonic life, in darkness, help- 
lessness and ignorance. Having been wan- 
dering amid the errors, and covered over with 
the pollutions of the outer and profane world, 
he comes inquiringly to o,ur doors, seeking 
the new birth and asking a withdrawal of 
the veil which conceals Divine truth from his 
uninitiated sight." 

On page 38 : 

"The working tools of an Entered Ai)pre.n- 
tice Mason are the Twenty-four-inch Gauge 
and the Common Gavel. Tlu^ Twenty-fo.ur- 
inch Gauge is an instrument used by opera- 
tive Masons to measure and lay out their 
work ; but we,' as Free and Accepted Masons, 
are taught to make use of it for the more 


November, 1906. 

noble and glorious purpose ol: dividing our 
time. It being divided into, twenty-four equal 
parts, is emblematical of the twenty-four 
hours of the day. which we are taught to di- 
vide into three equal parts ; whereby are 
found eight hours for the service of God and 
a distressed worthy brother, eight for oui- 
usual vocations, and eight for refreshment 
and sleep. The Co.mmon Gavel is an instru- 
ment made use of by operative Masons to 
break off the corners of rough stones, the 
better to fit them for the builder's use; but 
we. as Free and Accepted Masons, are taught 
to make use of it for the more noble and "purpose of diA'esting our hearts and 
consciences of all the vices and superfluities 
of life : thereby fitting our minds as living 
stone>. for that spiritual building, that house 
'not made with hands, eternal in the heav- 
ens." ■■ 

In a note explaining the latter he goes on 
and says : 

"The Speculative Mason is engaged in the 
construction of a spiritual 'temple in his heart, 
pure and spotless, fit for the dwelliug-place 
c.f Him who is the author of purity ; where 
God is to be worshiped in spirit and in truth, 
and whence every evil thought and unruly 
pas-sion are to be banished, as the sinner and 
the gentile were excluded from the sanctuary 
of the Jewish Temple. In the symbolic lan- 
guage of Masonry, therefore, the twenty-four- 
inch gauge is a symlDol of time well em- 
ployed ; the common gavel, c.f the purification 
of the heart."' 

On page 109 : • . 

•Tt was the single object of all the ancient 
rites and mysteries practiced in the very 
bosom of pagan darkness, shining as a soli- 
tary beacon in all that surrounding gloom, 
and cheering the philosopher in his weary 
pilgrimage of life, to teach the immo,rtality 
of the soul. This is still the great design of 
the third degree of Masonry. This is the 
sc-ope and aim of its Ritual. The Master 
Mason represents man, when youth, manhood, 
old age, and life itself have passed away as 
fleeting shadows, yet raised from the grave 
of iniquity, and quickened into ano.ther and 
a better existence. By its legend and all its 
ritual, it is implied that we have been re- 
deemed from the death of sin and the sepul- 
chre of pollution. The ceremonies and the 
lecture beautifully illustrate this all-engross- 
ing subject ; and the conclusion we arrive at 
is that youth, properly directed, leads us to 
honorable and virtuous maturity, and that 
the life of man. regulated by mo.rality, faith, 
and justice, will be rew^arded at its closing 
hour bv the prospect of eternal bliss." 




On page 285 : 

"The meeting of a Masonic Lodge is strict- 
ly a religious ceremony. So. broad is the re- 
ligion of Masonry, and so carefully are all 
sectarian tenets excluded from the system, 
that the Christian, the Jew and the Moham- 
medan, in all their numberless sections and 
divisions, may and do harmoniously combine 
in its moral and intellectual work with the 
Buddhist, the Parsee, the Confucian, and the 
worshipers o.f Deity under everv form." 



Late Most Puissant Sovereign Grand Com- 

On page 264: 

"Though Masoniy is identical with the An- 
cient Mysteries, it is so in this qualified 
sense; that it presents but an imperfect im- 
age of their brilliancy."' * * * On page 
819: "The Blue Degrees are but the outer 
court or portico of the temple. Part of the 
symbols are displayed there to the initiate, 
but he is intentio.nally misled by false in- 
tei-pretations.", « * * On page 854 : -'Free- 
masonry is the subjugation cX the Human 
that is in man, by the Divine ; the Conquest 
of the Appetites and Passions by the Moral 
Sense and the Reason ; a continual effort,. 
struggle, and warfare of the Spiritual against 
the Material and Sensual. That victory,, 
when it has been achieved and secured, and 
the conqueror may rest upon his shield and 
wear the well earned laurels, is the true Holy 


Published by the Supreme Council of the 33d 
Degree. A. & A. Scottish Rite. Washington, D. C. ; 
June. 1906. number ; page 571. 

Why Do Scottish Rite Masons Com= 

memorate Easter? 

"In the Morals and Dogma (by Albert 
Pike) it is written: 'Sectarian of no, creed, it 
has yet thought it not improper to use the 
old allegories, based on the occurrences de- 
tailed in Hebrew and Christian books, and 
drawn from the ancient Mysteries of Egypt, 
Persia, Greece, India, the Druids and Es- 
senes. as vehicles to communicate the Great 
Masonic Truths ; as it has. used the legends 
of the Crusades, and the ceremonies cX the 
orders of Knighthood.' 'We teach the truth 
of none of the legends we recite. They are 
to us but parables, and allegories, involving: 
and enveloping Masonic instruction ; * * * 

Noveiiiber, ]!X)G. 


21 :j 

"That the celebration of the crucifixion o.f 
all the Saviours of the races of men fell at 
•or about the vernal equinox is significant." 



From the Burial Service. 

On page 238: 

"Unto the grave," the Master says, "we 
have resigned the body of our deceased broth- 
-er, there to remain until the general resur- 
rection, in favorable expectation that his im- 
mortal soul may then partake of the joys 
which have been prepared fo.r the righteous 
from the beginning of tlie world. And may 
Almighty God, of His infinite goodness, at 
the grand tribunal of unbiased justice, ex- 
tend His mercy to him and all of us, and 
crown our hope with everlasting bliss in the 
realms of a boundless eternity." 



Prayer at Opening. 

On page 15 : 

"Most holy and Lord God. the 
great Architect of the Universe, the giver of 
all good gifts and graces : Thou hast prom- 
ised that, 'where two or three are gathered 
together in thy name, thou wilt be in the 
midst of them, and bless them.' In thy name 
we assemble, most humbly beseeching thee 
to bless us in all our undertakings, that we 
may know and serve thee aright, and 
that all our actions may tend to thy 
glory, and to our advancement in knowl- 
edge and virtue. And we beseech thee, 
Lord God, to bless our present assembling, 
and to illuminate our minds, that we may 
walk in the light of thy countenance ; and 
when the trials of o.ur probationary state are 
over, be admitted into THE TEMPLE 'not 
made with hands, eternal in the heavens.' " 

(Response by the Brethren.) — "So mote it 
he. Amen." 




On page 114 : 

"The Bible is used among Masons as the 
symbol of the will of God, however it may be 
■expressed. And, therefore, whatever to any 
people expresses that will may l>e used as a 
substitute for the Bible in a Maso.nic r^odge. 
* * * Whether it be the Gospels to the 
Christian, the Pentateuch to the Israelite, the 

Koran to the Musselman, or the Vedas to the 
Brahman, it everywhere Masouically conveys 
the same idea." 



On page 20G : Decision of Alabama Grand 
Lodge, 1848: 

"It is anti-Masonic to require any religious 
test, other than the candidate should believe 
in a Gc.d, the Creator and Governor of the 
Universe." — Chase's Digest of Masonic Law. 
page 20G. 

On page 207 : Grand Master Sayre. of Ala- 
bama, ISof), says : 

"Your committee believe this (Ohio P^es. i 
all wrong. The Jews, the Chinese, the Turks, 
each reject either the New Testament or the 
Old, or both, and yet we see no good reason 
why they should not be made Masons. In 
fact. Blue Lodge Maso.nry has nothing what- 
ever to do with the Bible. It is not founded 
on the Bible; if it was it would not be Ma- 
sonry ; it would be something else." — Chase's 
Digest of Maso.nic Law, page 207. 


"I, , of my own free will and 

accord, in the presence of Almighty God and 
this Wc.rshipful Lodge, erected to Him and 
dedicated to the Holy Saints John, do hereby 
and hereon most solemnly and sincerely prom- 
ise and swear : 

"That I will always hail, ever conceal and 
never reveal any of the secret arts, parts or 
points of the Master Mason's degree to any 
person or persons who,msoever. except it be 
to a true and lawful brother of this degree, 
or within a regularly constituted lodge of 
Master Masons, and neither unto him nor 
them until, by strict trial, due examination 
or legal information. I shall have found him 
o.r them as lawfully entitled to the same as 
I am myself. 

"I furthermore promise and swear vhat J 
will conform to, and abide by, all t)ie laws, 
rales and regulations of the Master Mason's 
degree, and o.f the lodge of which I shall here 
after become a member, and that I will ever 
maintain and support the constitution, laws 
and edicts of the Grand Lodge under which 
the same shall be liolden. so far as the same 
shall come to niy knowledge. 

"Furthermore, that I will answer and obey 
all due signs and sunnnons sent to me from 
a lodge of Master INIaso.ns. or given to me by 
a brother of this degree, if within the lengt'a 
of my cabletow. 




November, 1906. 


•'Furthermore, that I \Yill aid and asvsist all 
worthy distressed brother Master Masons, 
their widows and orphans, I knowing them 
to be such, so far as their necessities may 
require and my ability will permit witho.ut 
material injury to myself or family. 

"Furthermore, that I will not assist in, nor 
be present at, the initiating, passing or rais- 
ing of a woman, an old man in his dotage, a 
young man under age, an atheist, a madman 
or a fool. I knowing them to be such. 

''Furthermore, that I will not sit in a lo.dge 
of clandestine Masons, nor converse upon the 
secrets of Freemasonry with a clandestine 
Mason, nor with one who is under the sen- 
tence of expulsion, to my knowledge, while 
under such sentence. 

'•Furthermore, that I will no,t knowingly 
strike a brother Master Mason, nor otherwise 
do him personal violence in anger, except it 
be in the necessary defense of my person, 
family or property. 

"Furthermore, that I will not cheat, wrong 
nor defraud a lodge of Master Masons, nc.r a 
brother of this degree, nor supplant him in 
any of his laudable undertakings, but will 
give him due and timely notice, that he may 
ward off approaching danger, if in my pow- 


"Furthermore, that I will nc,t give the 
Grand Hailing sign or sign of distress of a 
Master Mason except in real distress, in case 
of the most imminent danger, within a regu- 
larly constituted lodge of Master Masons, or 
in a secure place for Masonic instruction ; and 
should I see the sign given or hear the words 
accompanying it, I will immediately repair 
to the relief of the persc.n so giving it, if 
there be a greater probability of saving his 
life than of losing my own. 

"Furthermore, that I will not give the 
Grand Ma.sonic word in any other manner or 
form than that in which I shall hereafter 
receive it, and then only in low breath. 

"To all this I most so,lemnly and sincerely 
promise and swear with a firm and steadfast 
resolution to keep and perform the same 
without any ectuivocation, mental reservation, 
or secret evasion of mind whatever, binding 
myself under a no less penalty than that of 
having my body severed in twain, my bowels 

taken from thence and burned to ashes, and 
the ashes scattered to the four winds of 
heaven, that no more trace or remembrance 
may be had of so vile and perjured a wretch 
as I, should I ever knowingly violate this 
my solemn obligation of a Master Mason. So 
(lelp me, God, and keep me steadfast in the 
due perfo.rmance of the same. 

Note. — Masonic oaths in some States differ 
slightly from the above. In the New York State 
Work the fourth obligation in the Master Mason's 
Degree is given as follows : 

"Furthermore. I do promise and swear that I 
will keep the secrets of a worthj^ Master Mason, 
when communicated to me as such, as secret and 
inviolable in my breast as they were in his own 
before communicated." There is no exception as 
to murder and treason in the New York Work a.s 
in the Illinois. 

Reference to sececlers who have taken 
the abo\e oath : 

Rev. Wm. S. Jacobv, Chicago Aventie 
(Moody) Church. 

' Rev. E. P. Hart, Senior Supt. Free 
Methodist Church, 14 North May street, 

Stephen Merritt, EvangeHst, New 
York City. 

Rev. M. L. Haney, Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, Normal, 111 

Rev. E. G. Wellesley- Wesley, Park 
Street Church, Providence, R. I. 



On page xv : "Few who are well informed 
on the subject will deny that the Ma.sonic 
Fraternity is directly or indirectly the parent 
organization of all modern secret societies, 
good, bad, and indifferent." * * * On page 
xvi : "It was between 1723 and 1740 that the 
parent modern secret society spread from En- 
gland throughout Europe and into, the British 
colonies. After the American War of the 
Revolution it became, with one or two politi- 
cal secret societies founded by Freemasons, 
the direct or indirect source of all secret so,- 
cieties formed in America since that time." 


By Joseph C. Root, Head Consul, "an active 
member of the Masonic Consistory and co-ordinate 
bodies, of the Odd Fellows, * * * of the 
Knights of Pythias, and other fraternal organiza- 
tions." (Page 7.) 

On page 13 : "The Fraternity should not ar- 
rogate to itself to select the Christian and 
reject the unbeliever, or to favor the Repub- 
lican and frown upon the Democrat. If a 
man has no regard for the Bible, he should 
no.t be required to insult its sacredness in the 
eyes of his venerating neighbor by refusing to 
be obligated upon it. So it were better to 

November, 1906. 



dispense Vvith such a requirement. The doors 
then are left open to the Jew and the Gen- 
tile, the Catholic and the Protestant, the Ag- 
nostic and the Atheist. * * *" 


"Funeral Ceremonies." 

On page 74 : 

"The philosopher and the scientist find ail 
their calculations and wisdom futile to 
delay the end of their earthly pilgrimage. 
. But we have brighter hopes than those of a 
transitory nature. The only perfect book 
tells us of our mortal body, that 'It is sown 
in corruption; it is raised in inco.rruption. 
It is sown in dishonor ; it is raised in glorj-. 
It is sown in weakness ; it is raised in power. 
It is sown a natural body ; it is raised a spir- 
itual body. If there is a natural body there 
is also a spiritual body.' So, also, it is writ- 
ten : 'The first man, Adam, became a living 
soul. The last Adam became a life-giving 
spirit. Howbeit, that is no,t first which is 
spiritual, but that which is natural ; then 
that w^hich is spiritual. The first man is of 
the earth, earthy ; and as is the Heavenly, 
such as they also that are Heavenly ; and as 
we have borne the image of the earthy, we 
shall also bear the image of the Heavenly.' 
These promises are sweet to us. They fill 
our heart with hopes of a glad future pro- 
vided by the great Creator for His people, 
where eternal joy will dispel the ephemeral 
sorro.w of this short and troublesome exist- 

Page 77 : ''Consul : We shall soon leave our 
neighbor in the city of the dead. Mourn not 
his departure. He shall live in the eternal 
glories of his Maker." 


It was a sinister compliment which 
Deputy General Grand High Priest Jo- 
seph E. Dyas of Paris, 111., paid to a 
sister State, when at the thirty-third 
triennial convocation of the General 
Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons in 
Boston, respondino;- to an address of wel- 
come, he called Massachusetts the cradle 
of i\Iasonry, as well as the cradle of lib- 

Massachusetts people apply the latter 
Qame, not to their State, but to Faneuil 
Hall, in Boston. Faneuil Hall surely 
cannot be stigmatized by the new title, 
which w^as won in 171 7 by the Apple- 
Tree Tavern in London, if by any build- 


The Supreme Court of the State of 
Washington has rendered a decision 
which the Chicago Record-Herald notes 
with gratification because it throws add- 
ed light upon the right of the Chicago 
school-board to exclude from athletics 
and school honors members of school 
fraternities. It appears likely that the 
SuDreme Court of Illinois will soon pass 
upon this question, when it is hardly to 
be expected that the decision will be con- 
trary to that of the Supreme Court of 

The special case in issue was that of a 
Seattle school-boy. Having been de- 
prived of all privileges and honors ex- 
cept regular class privileges common co 
all pupils, he brought suit through his 
guardian to restrain the school board 
from enforcing the school rule concern- 
ing fraternities. The testimony showed 
that in 1900 the school board had for- 
bidden organizing secret societies, in vio- 
lation of which prohibition pupils had 
formed the one to which this boy be- 
longed. Much trouble having resulted, 
the school board finally in 1905 offered 
immunity to all at that time members,, 
who would agree while they stayed in 
the schools to refrain from joining other 
secret societies and from soliciting other 
pupils to join their own. In spite of this 
attempt to secure peace by compromise 
and at the same time curtail the evil,, 
the board was defied, and, together with 
the faculty, was denounced in violent 
language by the frat periodical. 

Having this testimony, the Supreme 
Court of the State upheld the school 
board, saying: "The evidence over- 
whelmingly establishes the fact that suc'n 
fraternities do have a marked influence 
on the school, tending to destroy good 
order, discipline and scholarship. This 
being true, the board is authorized, and 
it is its duty, to take such reasonable and 
appropriate action by the adoption of" 
rules as will result in preventing these in- 


November. 190G. 


A prominent Eastern newspaper of 
national circulation said recently that the 
issue of secret fraternities in secondary 
schools Icno- ago became of national in- 
terest. If extent of area is to be consid- 
ered, or number of cities, there 
surelv seems to be a sweeping 
protest against societies of the secret 
type in public schools. A strong feature 
of this opposition is found in the attitude 
of those in actual charge, the faculties 
of the. schools affected and the superiii- 
tendents of public education. 

An important utterance of these pro- 
fessional experts was a resolution passed 
at the national meeting of superin- 
tendents of schools gathered in 
Louisviiie, Kentucky, February. 1906. As 
the judgment of a body representing 
public instruction as hardly any other 
could, being in close contact with every 
element of the educational system and 
experienced both in teaching and super- 
intending schools, this resolution is be- 
yond question worthy of respectful and 
thoughtful attention whenever the issu(^ 
is considered with earnestness and can- 

The following is the deliberate and 
settled decision of the department of su- 
perintendence : 

"Resolved, That this department takes 
this occasion to express its svmpathy 
with the efforts now being made in vari- 
ous parts of our country to combat the 
pernicious influence upon our }"Outh of 
the fraternities and sororities now foun;l 
in some of our secondary schools. The 
recent decision of the superior court of 
Washington assuring the boards of edu- 
cation of that State of their right to fix 
reasonable regulations, and to attach rea- 
sonable penalties to enforce the regula- 
tions, necessary to control these fraterni- 
ties and sororities, is a cause of heartfelt 
congratulation to all friends of the com- 
mon schools. These undemocratic or- 
ganizations threaten to change the en- 
tire character of the public high school, 
and must be controlled or abolished." 

The art of being agreeable is worth in 
cold cash a thousand times more than ';.: 
costs to cultivate it. 

Had Not Thought of Condemning Them. 

To the Editor of tbe Repiiblic.-ui : 

Ordinarily it would iir.t be wortb wbile to 
explain or correct a misquotation in a reix)rt 
of a public bearing, but as I bave been for 
some .years tbe secretary of one of tbe most 
prominent Amberst classes, tbe remark at- 
tributed to me in to-day's issue may seem to 
some o.f sufficient importance to merit a few 
words. Tbe natural inference from tbe 
l)brase as reported, tbat I "found in Ambersr 
college tbat tbe most valuable part of tbe 
student body is tbat iu wbicb is no frater- 
nity spirit."' would be a nearly complete con- 
demnation of tbe fraternities iu Amberst, 
Tbe fraternities tbere are. in my opinion, a 
great addition to tbe cc.llege life, and tbe net 
result a great good. Nevertbeless, it is true 
that tbe alumni find tbat tbe classes in wbicb 
tbe cbaracteristic exclusive "fraternity spir- 
it." as sucb. was most tborougnly crusbed 
out and subordinated during college life, bave 
been tbe most loyal and energetic in later 

Tbere is a constant tendency toward tbe 
development of cliques and jealousies among 
tbe various fraternities, wbicb inevitably 
tend to the destruction of class and college 

, Conditions , in Amberst are very different 
from tho.'^e in tbe high school. Tbere. not 
only are 'the boys older and less liable to be 
cliquish, but nearly all are invited to join 
so^ne one of the fraternities, wbile in this city 
tbe great bulk of tbe scholars must be shut 

Henry H. Boswortb. 
Springfield. Ser)tember 15. 1006. 

There is no doubt that the above letter 
represents truthfttlly one of the evils in- 
cident to the fraternit\- system. 

Years ago, at an Amherst commence- 
ment, the old graduates had a meeting in 
the gymnasium with the undergraduates, 
in which there was some plain speaking. 
'Men had been breaking records in that 
gymnasium, yet the Amherst athletic 
team uniformly came home from inter- 
collegiate contests with colors trailing. 
Graduate members of fraternities who 
had been out long enough to get their 
heads leveled and cooled; knew what the 
trouble was. "Frat" log-rolling and col- 
lege athletics did not pull together on the 
same line. A man might be a good se- 
cretist and a poor ball-player ; swapper! 
franchises could imperil the strength ot 
a team. The Graduates told their sue- 

November. 1006 



cessors in plain terms that financial sup- 
plies would run dry if frat nonsense con- 
tinued to inflict disgrace on Amherst b .• 
securino^ constant athletic defeat. 

^^'hat this correspondent says the 
''alumni find." is no doubt true, and that 
part of his letter which treats of animus, 
tendency and proof by experience Is 
worth careful reading. The public hear- 
ing to which he refers was one of those 
given by the school-board to advocates 
and opponents of secret societies for the 
hieh school of Springfield. 

after owe to any other organization, so-^ 
cial, Dohtical. or religious, secret or oth- 
erwise ; ^' * * To all of which I 
pledge my most sacred honor." 


The United Brotherhood of Carpen- 
te- s and Joiners of America were lately 
defended and praised in an article in the 
Christian Instructor. The first point 
made was that no member of the union 
may engage in the wholesale or retail 
trade in intoxicating drink imder penalty 
of expulsion. Is not that rather strange 
action for a carpenters' union? and Jias 
it any more effect than as if the Saloon- 
keepers' Association were to pass a law 
that "no member of this Saloon-keepers' 
Association may engage in the carpen- 
ters' trade, under penalty of expulsion?" 

The second point taken up was that of 
"the obligation of the Carpenters" Union, 
which is said to be the same "as the se- 
crecy obser^-ed by any successful busi- 
ness man in his daily business." And 
yet. if a carpenter "divulges the quar- 
terly pass-word for any purpose other 
than to enter the meetings, (he) shall be 
expelled." Again, all business of the lo- 
cal union must be kept from persons out- 
side, unless the union votes to have it 
told. \Miat business firm is organized on 
any such principle? Xone. 

The obligation of the Carpenters' Un- 
ion is not before the writer, but that of 
the Typographical Union is. It reads as 
follows, and is substantially the obliga- 
tion. I am told, of all the unions : 

"I (give name), hereby solemnly and 
sincerelv swear (or ^ftirm) that I will 
Tiot reveal any business or proceeding of 
any meeting of this Union, * * * that 
my fidelity to the Union and my duties 
to the members thereof shall in no case 
be interfered with or trenched upon by 
anv alleo:iance that I mav now or here- 


The Pythian convention at Xew Or- 
leans decided Oct. i8th to consolidate 
the feminine element. The Pythian sis- 
ters, numbering 7.000. and the Rathbone 
sisters, numbering 125.000. are to be 
combined into one society April 15. 1907, 
and to be thenceforward called Pythian 
sisters. It seems to be a case of the lean 
kine devouring the fat-fleshed and well- 
favored. There will probably be a new 

The supreme lodge of K. of P. spent 
all dav in an effort to elect officers, but 
adjourned to the next day without hav- 
ing elected a president of the board 'ji 
control or major-general of the endow- 
ment rank. 

Changes in the constitution having 
been prepared, which, if adopted, would 
make these appointed instead of elected 
officers, their selection was suspended. 

The supreme lodge did elect, however, 
a suoreme chancellor and supreme vice- 
chancellor, with a supreme prelate and 
supreme keeper of records and seal. The 
national grand keepers' of records and 
seal association elected a president and 
three vice presidents, with secretary and 

"A colonel? well, that's something." 
remarked the Lady of Lyons, and if one 
cannot be supreme vice anything it is 
something to be firs: vice. 


Dent sneak in at a ball game. I'p at 
Salina last week a fellow borrowed a boat. 
CTOSSed the river, got his feet wet and mud- 
dy, climbed up the bank, tore a $5 pair of 
pants on the underbrush, got poison ivy all 
over his face, slipped up to the game in the 
park from the rear — all this but to find out 
that no admi>^sion was charged to the game. 
— Marquette < Kan. ) Tribune. 

Pshaw ! What's that to what lots of 
fellows do and get for it at an initia- 
tion ' 

Where lisrht is there is no darkness. 



November, 190G. 

Mm$ of ffiut Pori 


The prospects for the State Meeting 
at Pella, Iowa, at the time of going to 
press, were most auspicious. Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard began work in Iowa the 8th 
of October. An account of his labors in 
view of the Convention is given in his 
letter printed in this number. He had 
the cordial co-operation of the Iowa 
friends, who worked heartily together to 
make the meeting a success — to make it 
the best meeting Iowa has ever known 
m connection with the antisecrecy re- 

There were five sessions of the Con- 
vention, two. on Monday and three on 
Tuesda}^ ; the day sessions being held in 
the Third Reformed church and the 
evening- sessions in the Second Reform- 
ed church. Devotional services at the 
different sessions were conducted by 
pastors of churches in Pella or near-by. 
The music Vv^as in charge of Prof. A. P. 
Kuiper, of Pella. 

At the opening session on Monday af- 
Ternoon, presided over by President Mc- 
Gaw, the Address of Welcome was given 
by Rev. W. j. Van-Kersen, pastor of the 
Second Reformed church of Pella. Pres- 
ident McGaw responded on behalf of the 
State Association. 

On Monday evening a very interesting- 
address was given by Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard. His subject was, "A Family Be- 
comes a Secret Society." He showed 
the silliness of the argument often ad- 
vanced by lodge defenders, that ''the 
family is a secret society," and made 
clear the wide difference between the 
family, as instituted of God, and the 
man-devised lodges. 

The Tuesday morning session was de- 
voted to business — the reading of letters 
from friends unable to be present at the 
meeting, hearing reports of committees, 
and discussion of resolutions. 

On Tuesday afternoon. Rev. J. H. Pie- 
tenpol, of Pella, delivered an address in 
the Holland language. His subject, 
translated into English, was, '.'Can a 
Christian Consistently be a Member of 
an. Oath-bound Secret Society?" Rev. 

J. S. Baxter, of Corydon, spoke on "The 
Relation of Jesus Christ to Secret Socie- 
ties." The session closed with a Free- 
for-all Conference, in which opportunity 
was given for any one to express his 
mind as to organized secrecy, and to ask 
questions on the subject. 

At the closing session on Tuesday 
evening, the Convention listened to ad- 
dresses by Dr. C. D. Trumbull, of Morn- 
ing Sun, and Rev. J. S. McGaw, of Lin- 
ton. Dr. Trumbull spoke on "The Church 
and the Lodge." Rev. McGaw's subject 
was, "God's Law vs. Lodge Law." 

We hope to give a full report of this 
meeting in the December Cynosure. 


The Indiana Conference of the Na- 
tional Christian Association met in the 
Mennonite church of Berne, Indiana, on 
Monday and Tuesday, October 29th and 
30th. A full account of the meeting may 
be expected in the December Cynosure. 
There was a session in the afternoon and 
one in the evening of each day. Excel- 
'lent music was provided by the people of 
Berne. . Rev. J. W. Kliewer, of Berne,- 
delivered the Address of Welcome at the 
first session, on Monday afternoon. Re- 
sponse by Rev. C. A. Mummart, of 
Huntington, President of the Indiana 
State Association. After the Response,. 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard gave an interesting 

On Tuesday morning the business of 
the Convention was taken up, and letters- 
read and reports of committees heard. 

Tuesday afternoon it was expected 
that Rev. W. H. Clay, the honored edi- 
tor of the Christian Conservator, of 
Huntington, would deliver an address 
entitled "Points of Disfellowship." After 
the address, the invitation was extended 
to any who desired, to give their experi- 
ences in connection with secret societies 
and to express their opinions regarding 
them. The discussion was not limited 
to those who were opposed to lodges, but 
lodge adherents were .given opportunity 
to express themselves freely in favor of 
their orders. Questions relative to the 
subject under consideration were asked 
and answered. 

On Tuesday evening an address was 

November, 19C6. 



delivered in the German language by 
Rev. R. C. H. Lenski, of Anna, Ohio, 
Editor "Lntherische Kirchenzeitung." 
His subject was "Die Loge im Lichte der 


Pella, Iowa, Oct. i8, 1906. 

Dear Cynosure : The weather is uncer- 
tain, but God's promises are sure. I am 
anticipating another splendid Conference. 
Six churches of this place join in enter- 
taining. A few of the young Hollanders, 
together with some Americans, are in 
the lodges here, but so far the opposition 
has hardly been enough to make it inter- 

Again I can record the goodness of 
God in continued health. I have filled the 
appointments for the month as outlined. 
A few faithful souls came out through 
the dark night to the lecture given in the 
United Presbyterian church. South Field, 
Michigan. The lecture in the Covenanter 
church, near-by, the following evening, 
was more largely attended. The usual 
expressions of sympathy were given by 
the friends. The others hurried home. 

Sabbath, September 23d, I addressed 
two Covenanter Sabbath schools and 
preached in the M. E. church, Birming- 
ham, Michigan, in the evening to an au- 
dience of about three hundred. I found 
Brother Williams, pastor of this church, 
quite in sympathy with the National 
Christian Association. His testimony 
was that he could not remain with the 
IMasons because of their rejection of 
Christ. Brother F. B. Cutler, pastor of 
the Baptist church at Oxford, near-by, 
gave a similar reason for his refusal to 
continue a Mason. If half the evil things 
that were charged to Masons of this sec- 
tion be true, onlv the unclean can enjoy 
their fellowship. 

Notwithstanding the rain, there was a 
large assemblage of the Ohio Synod 
young people to listen to the lecture given 
under the auspices of their Luther 
League, in their commodious hall in De- 
troit. Collection, $13.00. 

On the 3d and 4th of this month I was 
privileged to address audiences of young 
people in the St. John's and Bethlehem 
schools, connected with the Missouri Lu- 

theran churches of these names in Chi- 
cago, Illinois. These lectures were ar- 
ranged by Pastor li. Succop, to whom I 
am much indebted for many kindnesses. 
The lectures in both instances were under 
the care of the young people's society. 
Each kindly contributed $10 in aid of 
our work. 

Upon the invitation of the president, I 
addressed the young men attending 
Wdieaton College. It was indeed a joy to 
meet the strong Christian young men 
here found. May their lives count much 
for the pulling down of Satan's and the 
upbuilding of Christ's Kingdom I 

While here preparing for the Confer- 
ence, I have visited friends in the follow- 
ing Iowa cities and towns : Burlington, 
Linton, Morning Sun, Wyman, Wash- 
ington, Ainsworth, Oskaloosa, New Sha- 
ron, Albia, Ottumwa, Leighton, Otley 
and Des Moines. The Sabbath spent 
with State President Rev. J. S. McGaw 
was very pleasant^ and profitable. After 
listening to a most excellent sermon 
(text, "Enoch walked with God, and was 
not, for God took him"), I was given an 
attentive hearing as I spoke of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, its work and 

Dr. Trumbull, of Morning Sun, had ar- 
ranged with Brother White of the Free 
Methodist church there, for me to preach 
in the evening. At this service (at my 
suggestion) a collection was taken to 
send their pastor to the State Conference. 
This church is growing, with prospects 
as bright as the promises of God. 

In response to an invitation, I preached 
for our United Presbyterian friends at 
Ainsworth last Sabbath. A collection of 
S3. 5 1 was there given in aid of our work. 
On Mondav and Tuesday evenings I 
spoke to good audiences in the Reformed 
churches of Leighton and Otley, the at- 
t'_Midance being especially large in the 
latter place. It was remarked that the 
lectures would be discussed with feeling 
by some of the lodge men who are in the 
habit of loafing about the stores. The 
collections were $4.00 and $4.74 . Domi- 
nes Dykhuizen and Dykema arranged for 
these lectures. 

As Des Moines I found many lodge*;, 
and a few misleading ministers, but a 



2sovember, 1906. 

goodl}" number who were leading right. 
At least eight of the churches of this city 
bear testimony against lodges. Shall we 
aid them by holding the next State Con- 
ference there ? 

I am hoping to respond to the invita- 
tion to address the 163 students of the 
new Central Holiness University at Os- 
kaloosa to-morrow. Dr. Hill, the presi- 
dent, is a graduate of Oberlin and Yale, 
and is much in sympathy with every as- 
sociation that opposes sin. The right 
kind of holiness is always and eternally 
opposed to the secret society system. The 
Doctor may speak at our Conference. 

Let us keep our faces toward the sun- 
rise and march on to victory. 

VV. B. Stoddard. 

P. S. — The Covenanter churches of 
Morning Sun and Wyman have sent col- 
lections to aid State work. Others will 
follow. W. B. S. 

(Report Concluded.) 

The Committee on State work reported 
through the Secretary: 

"We find the work of the Associatio;i 
advanced in the State since last year. 
There are more subscribers to the Chris- 
tian Cynosure this year. There are some 
leaving the lodges and a healthful in- 
quiry has been manifested in many meet- 
ings held. We recommend for the con- 
sideration of this Conference: ist. The 
propriety of closed organizations ; 2nd 
That we endeavor to secure a worker 
or addresses from m?my pastors, or oth- 
ers who may be enlisted to further the 
work ; 3rd. That a fund be raised each 
3^ear by voluntary ofTerino- and subscrip- 
tion which shall be used for the develop- 
ment and enlargement of the work within 
our State, such as the free circulation 
of literature, the employment of speak- 
ers, and the arranging for ^t least one 
meeting every three months in different 
parts of the State, beside the regular an- 
nual gathering.- 

H. A. Day, 
■ W. B. Stoddard, 
■ . , . A. R. Merrill, 


The re]5ort was accepted and consid- 
ered item by itein. 

On motion the four officers of the As- 

sociation were elected a Committee to ar- 
range for a more perfect and permanent 

The officers were elected a committee 
to arrange for speakers and meetings. 
(In a meeting of this Committee some 
ten or twelve addresses were volunteered 
to be given before the holidays.) 

Item three was adopted and referred 
to the Executive Committee. On mo- 
tion the officers of the Association were 
constituted an Executive Committee and 
given control of the funds raised. 

The following were appointed to re- 
port to the papers : To "The Banner of 
Truth," and "De Grondwet," Rev. J. 
W. Brink. To "The Christian Nation" 
and "The Reformed Presbvterian Stand- 
ard," H. G. Patterson. To "De Hope," 
J. Walkotten and J. Luxen. To "The 
Wesleyan Methodist," H. A. Day. To 
the German papers, J. Walkotten. To 
"De Wachter," J. Smitter. 

The Committee on Resolutions sub- 
mitted its report through H. G. Patter- 
son. Whereas the pernicious influences 
of the Secret Lodge System continue to 
be seen and felt in our m_idst ; we the 
men'ibers of the Michigan Christian As- 
sociation, opposed to secret societies, do 
again enter our protest against the gath- 
ering of one part of our community to be 
sworn to conceal from the other part as 
in the lodges. 

1. It is the duty of every lover of the 
God-instituted Church, family and state, 
to unite in earnest protest against these 
antichristian, un-American organizations 
called lodges. 

2. We protest against the oaths ad- 
ministered in the Masonic and other 
lodo-es a'S being unauthorized either by 
divine or human law, and often used to 
the ^erversion of justice. 

3. We would call attention to the ever 
manifest fact that where professed Chris- 
tians are engaged with lodges, their sup- 
port of the Church .is far from what it 
should be. 

4. We deplore the sin and ignorance 
that lead white men to play that they are 
Red Men, Elks, Buffaloes, Eagles and the 
like, as found in the lodge's follies. 

5. We would point those desiring to 
be charitable to the divine plan rather 

November, 100(). 



than the lods^e plan, which at hest is or- 
o^anizecl selfishness. 

6. We rejoice that in the industrial 
world many are adopting- the open, can- 
did plan rather than the plan that results 
in so much strife and bloodshed. 

7. We believe much of the success of 
our Association may be attributed to the 
o-rowing- freedom of the 'Press and Pul- 
pit, and we w^ould encourage the free dis- 
cussion of this and every question where 
great issues are involved. 

8. In view of the great need we should 
put forth greater effort in the coming 
year to enlighten, instruct and bring out 
men and women who have been misled 
into the soul-destroying snares. 

9.' We rejoice that the National Chris- 
tian Association has been permitted to do 
much in helping men into the light and 
promise it our continued support and co- 

10. We believe that a vote of thanks 
is due, and we do now give it, to the pas- 
tors and people of the churches in which 
we meet, to those wdio have rendered 
such enjoyable and inspiring music, and 
to the newspapers giving publicity to the 
truth we bring. 

H. G. Patterson, 
W, B. Stoddard, 


The report w^as adopted and the Con- 
ference adjourned. 

Fourth Christian Reformed Church, 
^luskegon, Tuesday p. m. 

Meeting called to order by the Chair- 
man, H. G. Patterson. Rev. John Luxen 
led the devotionals. Congregation sang 
"Am I a Soldier of the Cross?" A part 
of the 119th Psalm w^as read. Extensive 
remarks followed in which the Church 
was admonished of her weakness and un- 
faithfulness in carrying forward the work 
God has given her to do, and exhorted to 
turn from every form of worldliness, put 
on the whole armor of God and go forth 
against sin of every form, in the name of 
Jesus Christ. Praver was offered bv A. 
R. Alerrill, W. B. Stoddard and J. Lux- 
en. Again the congregation joined in 
song: "Blow ye the Trumpet, Blow." 

Rev. T\l. C. Eddy, of Hastings, gave a 
ver\- interestinor and instructive address 

on the subject, "Why I left the Masons." 
Among the reasons were these : "God 
converted my soul;" "The injustice of 
the lodge ;" "the hypocrisy ; the false 
worship and the gross immorality." He 
said that on the very night that he w^as 
converted and testified against Masonry 
he was shot at twice by the Masons, once 
while in the church and once as he was 
leaving tlie church. 

Following the address the report of 
the Committee on Resolutions was taken 
up, considered item b}^ item and adopted 
as a whole with slight amendments. 

Some of the resolutions drew out dis- 
cussion that was truly stimulating. 

An invitation fron; the Free Methodist 
church at Flint, Mich., to hold the next 
Annual Convention with them, was re- 
ceived and by vote accepted. The time 
for holding was left to a committee con- 
sisting of H. G. Patterson, W. B. Stod- 

On motion the Convention adjourned; 
closing prayer by Rev. J. Smitter. 

A. R. ^lerrill, Secretarv. 


Muskegon Classis of Christian Reformed 

Churches to Fight the Farmers' 


"The Grange is a secret society and 
as such properly comes under the ban 
which the National Christian Association 
has raised against all forms of organized 

This decision arrived at by the Muske- 
gon classis of the Christian Reformed 
Church of Michigan at the closing ses- 
sion of its fall meeting yesterday after- 
noon places the Grange once and for all 
in a class with those organizations whose 
work the Christian Reformed churches 
of northwestern [Michigan at least will 

Classis Has Authority. 

The classis at a previous meeting liad 
taken similar action in regard to thv3 
Grange, but had referred the matter to 
the synod, questioning whether or not 
the classis had anv authority to take final 
action on a subject of so much import- 
ance. The synod, held at Holland in 
July, decided that the classis could black- 
list the Grange, provided it had positive 
])roof that the organization held its mem- 


Xoveniber, lOOG. 

bers bound by a secret oath. Thus the 
question for the classis to decide yester- 
da}- was whether or not the Grange was 
an undeniable secret society, and the 
members decided in the afihrmative. 
— Muskegon (Midi.) Daily Cin-onicle, Sept. 
13. 1906. 


Sao Paulo, Brazil, Aug. 15, 1906. 
Mr. A\'illiam I. Phillips : 

Dear Brother — Only now I may an- 
swer your favor of Dec. i, 1905, and 1 
will give some news to the Cynosure 
about our religious work. In Januaiy 
last, nth to i8th, the meeting of the 
Presb}'tery of our denomination took 
place for the fourth time ; and, in view 
of your sympathy with our work, a 
motion of solidarity and thanks to the 
National Christian Association was pro- 
posed by Rev. Edward Pereira, and un- 
animously carried' by the Presbytery, 
which vote I transmit to you. 

I am translating for our paper, ''O 
Estandarte," the article from the Cyno- 
sure under the title "Churches Oppos- 
ing Secreti^m," which I have preceded 
with these words : 

"We call our reader's attention to the 
translation which we have begun to pub- 
lish, about antimasonic churches and de- 
nominations in the United States of 
America. This is very good to show 
that we are not alone in this fight, and 
also to give evidence to some who like 
to say that in the Protestant communities 
not a church or denomination makes war 
against Masonry, and so, that our anti- 
secretism is like fanaticism or sectarian- 
ism. And many who like to appear as 
neutrals about this subject, say the same 

I translated also the letter of Rev. C. 
B. Ward, Methodist missionary in India, 
as a very good testimony to the Metho- 
dist brethren. In the same section of 
testimonies ("Churches Opposing Secret- 
ism"), you may reprint our official anti- 
masonic declaration which was published 
in the Cynosure in the February number 
of 1904.* 

The same pure and Christian feeling 

*Note : Reprinted in October number, pp. 171- 
172, "Tlie Independent Presbyterian Church of 

of antisecrecy is now beginning to pro- 
mote a division in the Baptist, church, 
and giving rise to Independent Baptist 
churches ; and the same very weak and 
old arguments, and the same unworthy 
means of combat used everywhere by the 
Masons, are now used against our Baptist, 
brethren, as they were used against our 
own Independent Presbyterian church. 

Now I will give you some statistics 
about the progress of the Independent 
Presbyterian Church, since its origin July 
31, 1903, until December 31, 1905. 

Members who adhered to our church 
from August ist to December 31, 1903, 
2,400; members who professed in ,tiii 
same period, 100; total, 2,500. In the 
year of 1904, 500 adhered to our church 
and 350 were converted and professed; 
and in the last year (1905), the adherents 
were 130, and the professed 437. 

Excluding the expelled and those who 
have died in all this time, there remain, 
December 31, 1905, 3,701 adult members. 
Number of children on the same date, 
3,810. Ministers, 11 ; organized churches, 
48; unorganized churches, 15; buildings, 

Later on I will send you some more in- 
teresting news. Asking your prayers, I 
remain. Yours truly, 

N. S. do Couto. 

from ®ur JIlaiL 


Goshen, Ind., Oct. 17, 06. 
W. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111. : 

My Dear Friend: Yours just received. 
I am very sorry that I cannot be at the 
antisecrecy meeting at Berne, Ind., the 
29th and 30th of this month. I have 
been sick for more than one year — part 
of the time helpless — and cannot get 
away from home. It was my nitention to 
attend the Convention. I do not think 
I win ever be well enough again to go 
out and fight the secret works of the 

Ever and anon the horrible scene of 
the mock "Resurrection," the profane and 
blasphemous prayer, the horrible and un- 
constitutional oa^ths and blood-curdling 
penalties, come before me. All the good 

November, 1906. 



I can get in consideration of this black 
crime against the family, the church, and 
the nation — I mean the good that comes 
to me personally — is to thank God that 
I, as a bird, have been ''delivered from 
the snare of the fowler." The snare is 
the secret fraternity ; the fowler is the 
devil or his agent. 

I pray that yon ma}- have a glorious 

Yours with manv kind wishes. 

Eld. Lemuel Hillerv. 


Glendermot Manse, 
Londonderry, Ireland, Oct. 4, 1906. 
Dear Sir : When I wrote you last year, 
I had hopes we might be able to form a 
little Association to do something to stem 
the advancing tide of secretism here. 
However, I found difficulties in the way ; 
iew were interested, and I had not enough 
time to devote to die object. I hope 
something may still be done, as Mason- 
r}^ and Orangeism are both growing in 
our church. Very trulv yours, 

(Rev.) Joseph Corkey. 

^'St. Paul's Institute," Tarsus, x\sia i\Ii- 

nor, Feb. 26, 1906. 
Dear Cynosure : 

Be so good as to come to us here 
throughout 1906. I trust you will con- 
tinue to come. I have known you f')r 
many a year, and have always approved 
of vour spirit and methods. 

If vou find a check for $3, know that 
it is for two years, with postage. I shall 
=end you, probably, a P. O. order, which 
I must go to ]\Iersine to obtain. 

I take the liberty of addressing to you 
a catalogue and reports, which will tell 
you about this missionary college on the 
b)anks of the Cydnus, in the native city 
of the great Apostle. My wife is the 
daughter of Rev. James Brewer of Whca- 
ton — while he lived a great friend of the 
Cynosure. A\'ishing yoil all prosperity 
and success in your good work. I remain, 
yours in His Name and service, 

Thomas Davidson Christie, 
(Beloit '71, Andover '//.) 

Farming and financiering are in prin- 
ciple the same, and only men with brains 
:and faith who hustle succeed in either. 

"Lest We Forget." 

Hart, Mich., Sept. 14, 1906. 

Secret societies, with Masonry at the 
head, are running this country, from the 
President down. And the strongest for- 
tress in support of this state of things is 
silence. Perhaps there is not one news- 
paper in a hundred that could be persuad- 
ed to express an impartial opinion on the 
subject of secret societies. The evils of 
the world can never stand an open dis- 
cussion, and therefore nothing but dark- 
ness can shield them ; and it has been a 
universal truth, in all the ages, that "men 
love darkness rather than light, because 
their deeds are evil." And it is as uni- 
versally true that "he that doeth truth 
Cometh to the light, that his deeds may 
be made manifest." 

In 1845 I worked at the cabinet busi- 
ness in Wayne County, Ohio. One day 
I was reading a history of a murder that 
was comimitted in that neighborhood. The 
man was convicted of murder in the first 
degree, but was taken to Medina and 
given a second trial. The jury disagreed 
and the man was set at liberty. I asked 
the boss why they did not hang that fei- 
low, for the evidence was all positive 
against him. He said, "They don't hang 
Freemasons." I had not heard that be- 
fore, and it set me to thinking. 

Some years ago I was taking the Ash- 
land Times, printed at Ashland, Ohio. 
The paper was edited by Wm. H. Rey- 
nolds. This editor had a law-suit with a 
J. R. Alason, who was a Freemason. 
While Reynolds was on the witness- 
stand, Mason shot and killed him, right 
in the court-room. Mason was tried, and 
the jury disagreed and he was set at lib- 

When A'anderpool and Fields ran a 
bank in Manistee, Mich., Vanderpool had 
business qualifications and Field had the 
money. One Sunday, when they were 
both in the bank, Vanderpool murdered 
Fields. That night he took Fields' body 
and buried it in Lake ^Michigan, but did 
not weight the body properly and it float- 
ed ashore. I heard that \^anderpool and 
the judge were Freemasons, and I won- 
dered what they would do about it. The 
jury decided guilty in the first degree. 



November, 1906. 

A'anderpool was sent to Jackson, but an 
order for a new trial was given and he 
was taken to Kalamazoo and tried again, 
resulting in a^ disagreement of the jury. 
He was then taken to Hastings for a 
third trial, and another disagreement of 
the jury. That was the end of the mat- 

About twenty-hve years ago, I leased a 
spring-tooth harrow patent to the Be- 
rient ^Manufacturing Company of Lan- 
sing, ]\Iich. They paid me royalty for 
some time, until we got the business pret- 
fy well established ; then they notified me 
that thev would not manufacture any 
more under that contract, but continued 
to manufacture as before, only they dis- 
continued to pay. I let it run until they 
owed me several thousand dollars. I 
gave the case into the hands of a law 
firm for collection. After they dragged 
the thing about a year, I met an old 
schoolmate of mine living at North Lan- 
sing. He told me that he was acquainted 
with the Bements, and with the lawyers 
on both sides, and also the judge. He 
said they w^ere all Freemasons. 

He then told that he had been a Ma- 
son for a number of years, but had left. 
He said they had called on him a number 
of times and wanted him to pay his dues, 
and attend the lodge. He said he finally 
told them that he had good-fellowshiped 
a lot of drunkards and gamblers and 
whoremongers as long as he was going 
to, and they might count him out. And 
from his knowledge of things, he did not 
believe that I could do anything with my 
Masonic opponents. 

From the next two years' experience I 
found that he was right. The history of 
this case for those two years would be 
entirely too lengthy for this paper. 

I Vv'ould say in conclusion, that I have 
noticed that quite a large per cent of the 
better class of Masons quietly step out. 
But if I wanted to go through life on the 
road to the bad, I would try and join the 
Alasons, and I would get Into the grand 
lodges of the different secret societies 
and there I would get a per cent of all 
the dues that are paid into these lower 
lodges. I think with the Grangers fif- 
teen per cent goes to the Grand Lodge, 
and six per cent to the Supreme Lodge. 

But there is one thing about Masonry 
I would not like ; I believe they exclude 
women from their lodge, even their 
wives, and at their funeral services they 
send all their members to the "Grand 
Lodge above," and if they have the same- 
rules there that they have here, it will, 
be a kind of lonely time, to be all eter- 
nitv without even their mothers or sis- 
ters. D. L. Garver. 

New Castle, Ind., July i6, 1906. 
Editor Cynosure : 

Esteemed Friend — I am strictly a- 
temperance and anti-secrecy man, and 
have been for years. I believe that ever^r 
Christian must be, who is leaving the' 
loajorlty out. I have been here a good 
vdiile, and have noticed some things. If 
I can speak a good word or do anything 
that will do you any good, I am wiUing 
LO do it. If I am favored to stay here 
until the 30th of next month, I will be 
87 vears old. As ever, yours, 

Ellas Phelps. 

Madison, Ohio, July 14. 1906. 
' Dear Brother Phillips — Please pardon 
delay in sending the enclosed. My wife 
has been sick nigh unto death, but is :f^e- 
covering, thanks to Him who doeth all 
thinks for our good. Please send a 
sample set of the tracts. I want tlie 
Cynosure as long as I can see to read it, 
I will be 80 next October, if I live. 
Yours respectfully, C. E. Cook., 

Beaver Dam, Wis., July 4, 1906. 
Editor Cynosure : 

Dear Brother — I herewith send $1 to 
renew my subscription for the Cynosure. 
God bless you in your work, is my 
prayer. Every year I hope to be able 
to do better the next year. I have not 
given up hope yet. 

Yours for the war without retreat. 
G. A. Paddock. 

Clyman, Wis., July 17, 1906. 
Enclosed find remittance for Cynosure. 
I find the magazine to contain much In- 
teresting, Instructive, encouraging and, 
therefore, very useful reading matter. 
(Rev.) E. A. L. Treu. 

standard Works 

Secret Societies 


national €bri$tian Jf$$oclafion 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago, I!'-. 


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Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 750; 
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Duty of Witness=Bearing 
—President Roosevelt's 
Discliarge of Soldiers. 



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An Open Shop (Poetry) 225 

Dangerous Tendency of Lodgism 225 

The Duty of Witness-Bearing — President 

Roosevelt's Discharge of Soldiers 225 

Order of the Blue Goose 226 

Was Some Progenitor Black? Trouble 

Among the K. of P 226 

Testimonies of Statesmen — Daniel Web- 
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Charles Francis' Adams .227 

My Experience with Secret Societies. By 

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True Position for Christians Who Are Se- 

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Missions and Masonry. By C. B. Ward, 

Missionary in India 230 

A. O. U. W. Receiver 232 

President Blanchard's Letter — Financial 
Side of Fraternal Insurance-^A Case of 

"Unmasonic Conduct" 232 

A Lodgeman's View of Fratenial Insur- 
ance 237 

Dead Fraternal Societies .237 

Fraternal Insurance Licenses Revoked. . .239 
The Lodge Problem in Its Relation to the 

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Citizens' Industrial Asociation — Its Ob- 
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Some Grand Army Men Are Prohibition- 
ists 241 

Shoe Union Frauds , .241 

Secret Societies in Public Schools 241 

Wine from Skulls — Were These Knights 

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Contributions Received 242 

A Twentieth-Century Minister. By Susan 
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"The Missionary Visitor" 247 

Knights of Columbus at New Haven — Na- 
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News of Our Work ... 249 

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Iowa State Convention — Condensed Min- 
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Secretary Stoddard's Letter 254 

Judas, Ancient and Modern. From Joseph 

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A Menace to Libertj' — No Ma?on Can Be ' 

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Gompers' Political Threat 256 

Rome and State United 256 



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Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, 111., a« 
second class matter 

'Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aod in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 





(The laboL- unions of Chicago have purchased a 
cemetery, where only members of the union may 
be buried.) 

All bis life in ;i union shop 

He earned bis daily bread. 
Tbey buried bim in a. union grave, 

Wben tbe union man was dead. 

He bad a union doctor 

And be bad a union nurse, 
He bad a union coffin 

And be bad a union bearse. 

Tbey put bim in a union grave 
Wben be wns goc.d and dead. 

Tbey put up a union mopunient 
Just above bis bead. 

And tben be went to beaven, 
But to stay be did not care; 

He kicked because, be said, tbat some 
Xou-union men were tbere. 

He tben went down to tbe otber plat^ 

And tbere produced bis card. 

Tben Satan tbrew an earnest face 

And studied good and bard. 

And tben be laugbed, bis bands did rub 
Till be tbo't be'd never stop. 

"Lo.rd bless our soul.'' said Beelzebub, 
"Wby. tbis is an open sbop." 
— Typograpbical Journal. 


The tendency to carry loyalty to a se- 
cret combination so far as to cancel loyal- 
ty to church and state, not to say so- 
ciety aiid family, is suggested in the ob- 
ligation of the Typographical Union, part 
of the oath of allegiance being : 

''^ly fidelity to the union and my duty 
to the members thereof shall in no sense 
be interfered with by any allegiance I 
may now or hereafter owe to an\' oth^r 
organization, social, political or religious, 
secret or otherwise." 

This is a Jesuitical absolution from all 
duties of good citizenshli,. loyalty and 
patriotism, religion and morality. The 
one only irrefragable human obligation is' 
that owed to the union. 

If the lesson of immorality and dis- 
hor:or should be too well learned, might 
not this obligation itself break down for 
want of moral basis to stand on? Or 
■^\ bar shall securely protect it from some 
later obligation of snnilar kind, sprung 
on a blindfolded candidate and suddenly 
expunging this obligation in its turn ? 

Bui as the matter already stands, it is 
fair to ask what becomes of religious 
duty or the claims of moral decency? 

Here is a pretty close relation for a 
man of piety to hold with strike sluggers. 
Tiiis is a heavy yoke for a law-upholding 
citizen to wear jointly with strike in- 
cendiaries and assassins. It appears lia- 
ble to create a dilemma for Grand Army 
members pledged to political favoritism ; 
or Freemasons, bound by the third point 
of fellowship, to mention no more, ^^l^at 
a discouraging thing it is to know that, 
in what must probably be one of the 
r.iost intelligent trade unions. American 
citizenship and morality has ebbed so 
low that so base an obligation is not in- 


The action of President Roosevelt in 
discharging with dishonor a battalion of 
colored soldiers who refused to tell what 
they knew about the riotous and disor- 
derly conduct of a portion of their num- 
ber, has been severely criticised. It has 
been said that it is- unprecedented, and 
that on similar occasions it was the offi- 
cers and not the men who were held re- 

Without stopping to inquire whether 


December, 1906. 

such discharge was according to miHtary 
usage or not, I want to notice, hrst, that 
the colored soldiers did just what every 
freemason is sworn to do in behalf of ev- 
ery member of his order, provided his 
crime does not amount to murder or trea- 
son. He must not reveal it, if communi- 
cated to him as a mason. The discharge 
of these soldiers under disgrace is a re- 
pudiation of the masonic oath. There 
can be no more obligation to conceal 
crime among masons than among sol- 

Second : The moral sense of the na- 
tion will sanction the president as com- 
mander-in-chief of the army in requiring 
these soldiers to tell what they know 
about the criminal conduct of any portion 
of their number. It is doubtless true that 
but a small proportion of them were 
guilty of criminal conduct ; but as they 
all with one consent refused to tell what 
they knew of the conduct of their fel- 
lows, they were all partakers of their 
crime,, and suffer simply as particcps 

Third: The conduct of the President is 
to be commended as showing* the invalid- 
ity of immoral covenants and the duty of 
regarding- the public welfare as para- 
mount to all other interests. 

Fourth : The course of the president 
in this case and his denial of the right of 
trades unions to interfere with the au- 
thority of the government and the rights 
of its citizens,, and his demand that the 
trusts,, which have so interfered with le- 
gitimate business, shall publish their 
transactions to the world, all go to prove 
him a far more consistent citizen than a 
consistent Freemason, and give hope that 
he will be found still more loyal to Di- 
vine law and less loyal to any oaJ;hbound 


The Ancient and Honorable Order of 
the Blue Goose has recently been organ- 
ized by a number of Wisconsin and ^\Iin- 
nesota fire insurance n:en, who hope to 
make it a national organization of insur- 
ance men. It is modeled somewhat after 
the Hoo Hoos, the organization of lum.- 
bermen. The Grand Xest is located in 
Wisconsin, \vith Walter Atwater, State 
agent of the Comimercial Union, as Grand 

Gander. A subordinate nest has already 
been organized in ^^linnesota, and an Illi- 
nois nest is to be organized in Chicago 
during the meeting of the Fire Under- 
writers' Association of the Northwest. 
The objects of the organization are pure- 
ly social, and membership is limited to 
supervising officials and field men en- 
gaged in the business of lire insurance. 


Last year Freedom Lo